#### Study sets matching "chem ap gas laws"

#### Study sets matching "chem ap gas laws"

Diffusion

Effusion

(Kinetic Molecular Theory) The higher…

(Kinetic Molecular Theory) The higher…

when gas particles go from a high amount of itself to a low a…

The escape of gas molecules through a tiny whole into a evacu…

slower

slower

Diffusion

when gas particles go from a high amount of itself to a low a…

Effusion

The escape of gas molecules through a tiny whole into a evacu…

conversion factors for pressure?

boyles law?

what is the relationship of boyles law?

what is charles law?

1 atm = 760 torr = 760 mmHg = 101,325 Pa = 101.3 kPa = 14.68…

p1v1 = p2v2

inverse

v1/t1 = v2/t2

conversion factors for pressure?

1 atm = 760 torr = 760 mmHg = 101,325 Pa = 101.3 kPa = 14.68…

boyles law?

p1v1 = p2v2

Charles law... "No prince charles"

lussac's law

Boyle's law... "There is no tea to boil"

Combined gas law

At constant Pressure, the volume of a gas is directly proport…

At constant volume, the pressure of a gas is directly proport…

At constant temperature, the volume of the gas is inversely p…

P1V1/T1=P2V2/T2

Charles law... "No prince charles"

At constant Pressure, the volume of a gas is directly proport…

lussac's law

At constant volume, the pressure of a gas is directly proport…

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Gay Lussac's Law

Ideal Gas Law

Pressure times Volume (inverse relationship)

Volume / Temperature (direct relationship)

Pressure / Temperature (direct relationship)

(Pressure in atm)(Volume in L) = (moles)(.0821)(Temp in K)

Boyle's Law

Pressure times Volume (inverse relationship)

Charle's Law

Volume / Temperature (direct relationship)

compressable

elastic collision

760

101.3

gases are this, but liquids are not

Collisions between gas particle may result in a transfer of e…

1 atm = ____ torr

1 atm = ____ kpa

compressable

gases are this, but liquids are not

elastic collision

Collisions between gas particle may result in a transfer of e…

Root means Square

Diffusion

Effusion

Boyle's Law

U= sqroot(3RT/M) , where R =8.314

Gas molecules will move through a substance according to thei…

Gas molecules will leave a container according to their KE

At constant temperature T, the product PV for a gas is consta…

Root means Square

U= sqroot(3RT/M) , where R =8.314

Diffusion

Gas molecules will move through a substance according to thei…

conversion factors for pressure?

boyles law?

what is the relationship of boyles law?

what is charles law?

1 atm = 760 torr = 760 mmHg = 101,325 Pa = 101.3 kPa = 14.68…

p1v1 = p2v2

inverse

v1/t1 = v2/t2

conversion factors for pressure?

1 atm = 760 torr = 760 mmHg = 101,325 Pa = 101.3 kPa = 14.68…

boyles law?

p1v1 = p2v2

KINETIC MOLECULAR THEORY:... 1. Particles…

Average kinetic energy =

If temperature is held constant collis…

at the same conditions of temperature,…

1. always in motion... 2. zero... 3. pressure exerted by gas ... 4. no…

Kelvin temperature of a gas

-elastic... -no loss of kinetic energy

the same kinetic energy

KINETIC MOLECULAR THEORY:... 1. Particles…

1. always in motion... 2. zero... 3. pressure exerted by gas ... 4. no…

Average kinetic energy =

Kelvin temperature of a gas

Boyle's Law

Charles' Law

1 atm

Avogrado's Principle

The inversely proportional relationship between Pressure and…

The proportional relationship between Temperature and Volume…

760 mmHg=760 torr=100 kPa

Equal volumes of different gases at the same temperature and…

Boyle's Law

The inversely proportional relationship between Pressure and…

Charles' Law

The proportional relationship between Temperature and Volume…

Nonpolar gases

Polar gas

Real gas

Polar

Which gases are harder to condense?

____ ____ molecules (like H2O) exhibit nonideal behavior more…

Another name for nonideal gas.

____ molecules have greater forces of repulsion and attractio…

Nonpolar gases

Which gases are harder to condense?

Polar gas

____ ____ molecules (like H2O) exhibit nonideal behavior more…

Kinetic Molecular Theory

KMT Postulate-- Particle size

KMT Postulate-- Avg. KE

KMT Postulate-- Collision

States of matter depend on two factors: Average Kinetic energ…

Size of the particle is negligibly small... KMT assumes the part…

Average KE of a particle is proportional to the absolute temp…

Collision of one particle with another (or the walls of conta…

Kinetic Molecular Theory

States of matter depend on two factors: Average Kinetic energ…

KMT Postulate-- Particle size

Size of the particle is negligibly small... KMT assumes the part…

Barometer

Manometer

Standard Pressure and Temperature (STP)

Boyle's Law

air pressure measuring device

device that measures a gas' relative pressure to the atmosphe…

Conditions of 1 atm (p) and 273.15k

PV=k (if T & n are constant); PV=PV

Barometer

air pressure measuring device

Manometer

device that measures a gas' relative pressure to the atmosphe…

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

Avogadro's Law

Ideal Gas Equation/Law

The volume of a fixed quantity of gas maintained at constant…

The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pr…

The volume of a gas maintained at a constant temperature and…

V= R(nT/P) or PV= nRT

Boyle's Law

The volume of a fixed quantity of gas maintained at constant…

Charles's Law

The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pr…

What is the kinetic molecular theory o…

What is an ideal gas?

What are the 4 assumptions of the kine…

What are 3 comparisons between ideal g…

- based upon the idea that particles of matter are always in…

an imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions go t…

1) large number of tiny particles in continuous, rapid, rando…

1) ideal gases have zero volume; real gases have a small volu…

What is the kinetic molecular theory o…

- based upon the idea that particles of matter are always in…

What is an ideal gas?

an imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions go t…

Boyles Law

Charles Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

combined gas law

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…

V1/T1=V2/T2, A principle that describes the relationship betw…

P1 / T1 = P2 / T2, As temperature increases, the pressure inc…

P1V1/T1=P2V2/T2, A combination of Boyle's law and Charle's la…

Boyles Law

The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…

Charles Law

V1/T1=V2/T2, A principle that describes the relationship betw…

Macro scale characteristics of gas

Atomic scale characteristics of gas

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Pressure... Volume... Temp... n of moles

Force... Energy... rms (Velocity)... n of collisions... Polarity

P₁V₁ = P₂V₂... inverse relationship... constant temperature and moles

V₁/T₁ = V₂/T₂... direct relationship

Macro scale characteristics of gas

Pressure... Volume... Temp... n of moles

Atomic scale characteristics of gas

Force... Energy... rms (Velocity)... n of collisions... Polarity

Barometer

Torricelli

gravity

low

glass tube with liquid mercury put in a dish filled with merc…

who invented the barometer

Atm pressure comes from mass of air being pulled down by ____…

______ pressure outside results in stormy weather

Barometer

glass tube with liquid mercury put in a dish filled with merc…

Torricelli

who invented the barometer

Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures

Mole Fraction (X)

Effusion

Kinetic Molecular Theory

A mixture of gases in a container is the sum of all of the ga…

Percent composition by moles in a single mixture represented…

Movement of a gas molecule through a very small hole into a v…

1.Molecular collisions are elastic... 2. Volume of container is…

Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures

A mixture of gases in a container is the sum of all of the ga…

Mole Fraction (X)

Percent composition by moles in a single mixture represented…

Atmospheric Pressure

Manometer

Ideal Gas

Kinetic Molecular Theory

The pressure exerted by air in the atmosphere. The force exer…

An instrument used to measure pressure in a closed container

Theoretical gas described perfectly by the kinetic-molecular…

1) gas particles are very small but have mass... 2) distance bet…

Atmospheric Pressure

The pressure exerted by air in the atmosphere. The force exer…

Manometer

An instrument used to measure pressure in a closed container

Barometer

Manometer

mmHG

torr

a device for measuring atmospheric pressure

a device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a large conta…

...

another name for millimeter of mercury (mmHg)

Barometer

a device for measuring atmospheric pressure

Manometer

a device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a large conta…

Boyle's Law

Gay-Lussac's Law

Avogadro's Law

Combined Gas Law

At constant temperature, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is…

If volume constant, as the temperature of a gas increases the…

Equal volume of 2 gases will contains equal # of moles of eac…

A combination of Boyle's law and Charle's law. It relates the…

Boyle's Law

At constant temperature, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is…

Gay-Lussac's Law

If volume constant, as the temperature of a gas increases the…

Barometer

Manometer

N/m^2 or Pascal (Pa)

Boyle's Law

Invented by Torricelli in 1643. Uses the height of a column o…

A device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container.…

SI unit of pressure

Pressure and volume are inversely related ... P1/P2 = V2/V1 or P…

Barometer

Invented by Torricelli in 1643. Uses the height of a column o…

Manometer

A device for measuring the pressure of a gas in a container.…