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Study sets matching "chem biology basic"

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Study sets matching "chem biology basic"

40 terms
AP Biology - Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Atom
Anything that has mass and occupies space
The ability to do work; comes in many forms - kinetic, potent…
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
The most basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of an el…
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Energy
The ability to do work; comes in many forms - kinetic, potent…
29 terms
AP Biology - Basic Chemistry
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Atom
Structure of an Atom
Ion
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
The most basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of an el…
Consists of mostly empty space; Protons (+) and neutrons (0)…
An atom with a positive or negative electric charge
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Atom
The most basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of an el…
24 terms
AP Biology - Basic Chemistry
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Structure of an Atom
Ion
Cation
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Consists of mostly empty space; Protons (+) and neutrons (0)…
An atom with a positive or negative electric charge
An atom that lost electrons and therefore has a positive char…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Structure of an Atom
Consists of mostly empty space; Protons (+) and neutrons (0)…
12 terms
Basic Chemistry terms for Biology
Atom
electron
proton
Neutron
basic unit of matter
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
a subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
Atom
basic unit of matter
electron
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
23 terms
AP Biology - basic chemistry Review
hydrogen bond
matter
compound
element
slight attraction between Hydrogen of one atom and N, F, or O…
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance consisting of two or more elements
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
hydrogen bond
slight attraction between Hydrogen of one atom and N, F, or O…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
21 terms
Biology Basic Chemistry
atom
acid
alkaline
base
the simplest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
any substance that increases the concentration of hydrogen (H…
referring to bases
any substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide (…
atom
the simplest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
acid
any substance that increases the concentration of hydrogen (H…
43 terms
Basic Chemistry- General Biology
matter
atom
nucleus
electron
substance which takes up space and has mass
smallest unit of matter that retains its identity as an element
tightly packed core of the atom made of protons & neutrons
tiny negatively charged particle spinning around the nucleus
matter
substance which takes up space and has mass
atom
smallest unit of matter that retains its identity as an element
29 terms
Basic Chemistry for Biology
atomic number
atomic mass
electrons
protons
Number of Protons
Average Mass of all forms, thats why its a decimal
Negative Charge ... Found in Outer Shell
Positive Charge ... Found in Nucleus
atomic number
Number of Protons
atomic mass
Average Mass of all forms, thats why its a decimal
27 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry
Element
Compound
Proton
Neutron
One of the 116 presently known substances that cannot be brok…
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
A subatomic particle with a single positive electrical charge…
Subatomic particle having no electrical charge (electrically…
Element
One of the 116 presently known substances that cannot be brok…
Compound
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
80 terms
Basic Chemistry For Biology VOCAB
Element
What Elements are most commonly found…
What does the acronym CHONPS mean?
Chemical Bond
A substance that has only one type of atom in it.
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Sulfur.
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
A force that holds atoms together.
Element
A substance that has only one type of atom in it.
What Elements are most commonly found…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Sulfur.
31 terms
Basic Chemistry-Biology Honors
Element
Symbols
Most Common Elements in Living Things…
Atom
A single substance that cannot be broken down into any other…
each element is represented by a symbol
Carbon C ... Hydrogen H... Oxygen O... Nitrogen N... Phosphorous P... Sulfur S
the smallest unit (particle) of a substance
Element
A single substance that cannot be broken down into any other…
Symbols
each element is represented by a symbol
21 terms
Biology - Basic Chemistry
element
SPONCH
atom
proton
a substance which can't be broken down further without changi…
6/92 elements make up 99.9% of all living matter:... S = sulfur;…
the smallest unit of an element; composed of 3 subatomic part…
determines the element; the number of proton = the atomic num…
element
a substance which can't be broken down further without changi…
SPONCH
6/92 elements make up 99.9% of all living matter:... S = sulfur;…
21 terms
basic chemistry of biology
monomer
polymer
protein
lipid
chemical building blocks
molecule which combine to make up macromolecules
A three dimensional polymer made of monomers of amino acids.
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
monomer
chemical building blocks
polymer
molecule which combine to make up macromolecules
27 terms
Biology - Basic Chemistry
atoms
protons
electrons
neutrons
the smallest component of an element
positive charge, in nucleus
negative charge, orbit nucleus
no charge, in nucleus
atoms
the smallest component of an element
protons
positive charge, in nucleus
20 terms
Basic Chemistry and Biology Chemistry
Electrons
Protons
Covalent Bonding
Ionic Bonding
Atomic structure that has a negative charge, zero weight, and…
Atomic structure with a positive charge and a weight of one,…
The sharing of electrons between 2+ atoms
The transfer of electrons between 2+ atoms; produces charged…
Electrons
Atomic structure that has a negative charge, zero weight, and…
Protons
Atomic structure with a positive charge and a weight of one,…
47 terms
Basic Chemistry for Biology
Why chemistry in biology?
Atoms
subatomic particles of an atom
Nucleus of an atom
All living things are made of chemicals. It helps us understa…
smallest properties that determine structure and properties o…
protons (+) neutron (=) electrons (-)
central core that contains positive and neutral neutrons
Why chemistry in biology?
All living things are made of chemicals. It helps us understa…
Atoms
smallest properties that determine structure and properties o…
23 terms
Basic Chemistry for Biology Students
matter
atom
element
protons
anything that has mass and takes up space
the simplest particle of an element that retains the properti…
substance that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
a subatomic particle that is located in the nucleus that has…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
atom
the simplest particle of an element that retains the properti…
18 terms
Biology Basic Chemistry
Matter definition
Three forms of matter
4 most abundant elements in the human…
Atom definition
Anything that occupies space and has mass
solid liquid gas
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
The smallest unit of an element that still has the characteri…
Matter definition
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Three forms of matter
solid liquid gas
43 terms
Basic Chemistry- General Biology
matter
atom
nucleus
electron
substance which takes up space and has mass
smallest unit of matter that retains its identity as an element
tightly packed core of the atom made of protons & neutrons
tiny negatively charged particle spinning around the nucleus
matter
substance which takes up space and has mass
atom
smallest unit of matter that retains its identity as an element
12 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry Gradpoint Unit 2
matter
atom
subatomic particle
physical properties
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, electrons
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
atom
Basic unit of matter
14 terms
Basic Chemistry terms for Biology
Atom
electron
proton
Neutron
basic unit of matter
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
a subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
Atom
basic unit of matter
electron
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
25 terms
Biology- Basic Chemistry
amino acid
carbohydrates
cohesion
hydrogen bonds
Building blocks of proteins
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appro…
An attraction between molecules of the same substance
Very weak bonds; occurs when a hydrogen atom in one molecule…
amino acid
Building blocks of proteins
carbohydrates
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appro…
23 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry Vocab
Acid
Adhesion
Base
Calcium
solutions with high concentrations of H+ ions
the attraction between different kinds of molecules
a substance that decreases the hydrogen ion (H+) concentratio…
makes up 1.5% of the human body by weight, it's important for…
Acid
solutions with high concentrations of H+ ions
Adhesion
the attraction between different kinds of molecules
37 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry
matter
elements
isotopes
molecule
anything that takes up space and has weight
all matter, (non)living, pure substance that consists entirel…
atoms of the same element with the same number of protons but…
2 or more atoms joined together chemically (isn't compound)
matter
anything that takes up space and has weight
elements
all matter, (non)living, pure substance that consists entirel…
21 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Elements
Atom
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Quantity of matter an object has.
Substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
The smallest particle of an element that retains all of the p…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Mass
Quantity of matter an object has.
14 terms
Biology - Basic Chemistry
Atoms
Elements
Biologically Important Elements
Chemical Compounds
Definition: The smallest molecule of matter.... Composition: Pro…
Definition: A substance that cannot be broken down into other…
Major: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur…
A substance containing 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio.
Atoms
Definition: The smallest molecule of matter.... Composition: Pro…
Elements
Definition: A substance that cannot be broken down into other…
78 terms
Basic Biology and Chemistry
Energy
Forms of energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
capacity to do work
kinetic... potential... radiant... chemical... nuclear... thermal... sound
energy can neither be created or destroyed
The law of entropy; things tend toward disorder; energy trans…
Energy
capacity to do work
Forms of energy
kinetic... potential... radiant... chemical... nuclear... thermal... sound
47 terms
Biology Basic Chemistry
Matter
3 States of Matter
Physical Properties of Matter
Chemical Properties of Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Solid, liquid, and gas
Color, length, volume, odor, and density
Flammability, decompostion, oxidation, and combustion
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
3 States of Matter
Solid, liquid, and gas
39 terms
Basic Chemistry - Biology
Matter
Mass
Solid, liquid, gas
92
Anything that takes up space and has mass
What is weight a measurement of?
Name three types of matter:
How many elements are naturally occurring?
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Mass
What is weight a measurement of?
22 terms
Biology Quiz - Basic Chemistry
Atom
What 2 things does an atom contain?
A nucleus contains which atomic partic…
An orbital cloud contains what atomic…
smallest unit of matter with unique chemical characteristics
a nucleus and an orbital cloud of electrons
protons and neutrons
electrons
Atom
smallest unit of matter with unique chemical characteristics
What 2 things does an atom contain?
a nucleus and an orbital cloud of electrons
13 terms
Basic concepts in Biology and Chemistry
cellulose
enzymes
alleles
homozygote
An organic compound, a polysaccharide consisting of linear ch…
globular proteins that speed up chemical reactions in living…
the alternative forms (or variants) of a gene
A eukaryotic individual that has two identical copies of a ge…
cellulose
An organic compound, a polysaccharide consisting of linear ch…
enzymes
globular proteins that speed up chemical reactions in living…
22 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry
What is the basic building block of al…
When multiple atoms bond, what do they…
What are the six most common atoms in…
Define: Biochemistry
Atom
Molecule
Hydrogen... Oxygen... Nitrogen... Carbon... Phosphorus... Sulfur
The study chemistry of living things
What is the basic building block of al…
Atom
When multiple atoms bond, what do they…
Molecule
8 terms
Basic Chemistry for Biology
What is an atom?
What is an isotope?
What is a radioactive isotope?
What is a hydrogen bond?
The smallest, or most basic, unit of matter that still retain…
are two atoms of an element that differ in number of neutrons
they decay spontaneously, giving off particles and energy
(have an affinity for another) ... A very weak bond that forms b…
What is an atom?
The smallest, or most basic, unit of matter that still retain…
What is an isotope?
are two atoms of an element that differ in number of neutrons
9 terms
Biology- Basic chemistry
Atoms
Elements
Compounds
TYPES OF COMPOUNDS... (Organic)
The smallest particle/unit used in an element... Building blocks…
Basic form of matter... Cannot be further broken down... Five impor…
Two or more elements chemically combined... Can chemically separ…
Found in living or once living things... All organic elements co…
Atoms
The smallest particle/unit used in an element... Building blocks…
Elements
Basic form of matter... Cannot be further broken down... Five impor…
13 terms
Biology - Basic Chemistry
What is living material made up of?
6 Elements That Make Up Living Materia…
Trace Elements (2%)
Harmful Elements
We are CARBON based life forms.
SHOP NC... S - Sulfur... H - Hydrogen... O - Oxygen... P - Potassium... N -…
I - Iodine ... Fe - Iron... K - Potassium ... Na - Sodium... Cl - Chlorin…
Arsenic... Mercury... Lead... Radium... *Inert - Wont affect us (can be u…
What is living material made up of?
We are CARBON based life forms.
6 Elements That Make Up Living Materia…
SHOP NC... S - Sulfur... H - Hydrogen... O - Oxygen... P - Potassium... N -…
41 terms
Biology- Basic Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Weight
Elements
anything that occupies space or has mass
quantity of mass an object has
pull of gravity on an object
pure substances that can't be broken down chemically into sim…
Matter
anything that occupies space or has mass
Mass
quantity of mass an object has
37 terms
Biology---basic chemistry
Benedict's solution
Iodine
glucose
fructose
Sugar's indicator
Starch's indicator
blood sugar, starch (mono)
mainly found in fruit (mono)
Benedict's solution
Sugar's indicator
Iodine
Starch's indicator
31 terms
Biology- Basic Chemistry
Atom
Nucleus
What are the charges of?... Protons ... Neut…
Atomic mass
basic unit of all living and non-living matter
center of atom
+, -, 0
the sum of Protons + Neutrons
Atom
basic unit of all living and non-living matter
Nucleus
center of atom
9 terms
basic chemistry for biology
atom
chemical bond
element
molecule
basic unit of matter, also smallest part of an element that s…
force that holds atoms together
substance that only has one type of atom in it
group of atoms held together by chemical bonds
atom
basic unit of matter, also smallest part of an element that s…
chemical bond
force that holds atoms together
21 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry
Matter
Elements
Atom
Nucleus
anything that occupies space and has mass
simplest form of matter
smallest unit of an element
dense positively charged center of the atom
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Elements
simplest form of matter
20 terms
Basic Chemistry: Biology
Element
- element
Atom
Atomic Mass
the simplest form of matter; consists of atoms of the same kind
- has a unique number of protons in the nuclei of its atoms... -…
- the smallest piece of an element that possesses all propert…
- is measured in Daltons (Da)
Element
the simplest form of matter; consists of atoms of the same kind
- element
- has a unique number of protons in the nuclei of its atoms... -…
19 terms
Biology Basic Chemistry
Matter
Elements
Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Ph…
Atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Substances that cannot be broken down by chemical means into…
Six elements basic to life.
The smallest particles that retain the properties of an eleme…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Elements
Substances that cannot be broken down by chemical means into…
22 terms
Basics of Chemistry - Biology 2-1
Nucleus
Electron
Proton
Neutron
The center of an atom.
A negatively charged particle with 1/1840 the mass of a proton.
Positively charged particles located in the center of an atom.
A neutrally charged particle located in the center of an atom.
Nucleus
The center of an atom.
Electron
A negatively charged particle with 1/1840 the mass of a proton.
23 terms
Biology Quiz(Basic Chemistry)
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Basic unit of matter that can retain its chemical properties
Middle of an atom
Positively charged particle inside the nucleus
Neutrally charged particle inside the nucleus
Atom
Basic unit of matter that can retain its chemical properties
Nucleus
Middle of an atom
31 terms
Basic chemistry for Biology Students
atomic mass number
element
atomic number
nucleus
the total number of protons and neutrons in an atom's nucleus
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
The order of an element in Mendeleyev's table of the elements…
the positively charged dense center of an atom, contains prot…
atomic mass number
the total number of protons and neutrons in an atom's nucleus
element
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
49 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry: Chapter 2
matter
elements
compound
Essential elements
anything that takes up space
substances that can no longer be chemically broken down
made up of two or more elements combined in a fixed ratio
elements needed for an organism to live and reproduce (C, O,…
matter
anything that takes up space
elements
substances that can no longer be chemically broken down
32 terms
Basic Chemistry- Biology
matter
mass
weight
volume
anything that has mass and takes up space; the "stuff" that m…
the amount of matter an object has; how much "stuff" that mak…
the calculation of the effect of gravity on the massif an obj…
the amount of space an object takes up
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space; the "stuff" that m…
mass
the amount of matter an object has; how much "stuff" that mak…
13 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry
covalent bond
ionic bond
atomic number
exothermic
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
chemical bond formed through the electrical force between opp…
the number of protons in the atomic nucleus
chemical reaction that yields a net release of energy in the…
covalent bond
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
ionic bond
chemical bond formed through the electrical force between opp…
47 terms
Biology Basic Chemistry
Matter
3 States of Matter
Physical Properties of Matter
Chemical Properties of Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Solid, liquid, and gas
Color, length, volume, odor, and density
Flammability, decompostion, oxidation, and combustion
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
3 States of Matter
Solid, liquid, and gas
35 terms
Biology Honors Basic Chemistry
matter
chemical elements
compounds
relative size, location, and electrica…
anything that occupies space and has mass
substances that cannot be broken down into other substances.
substances that contain 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio.
about the same size of a neutron, positive, nucleus
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
chemical elements
substances that cannot be broken down into other substances.
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