Study sets matching "chem biology basic"

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Study sets matching "chem biology basic"

40 terms
AP Biology - Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Atom
Anything that has mass and occupies space
The ability to do work; comes in many forms - kinetic, potent…
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
The most basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of an el…
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Energy
The ability to do work; comes in many forms - kinetic, potent…
Basic Chemistry terms for Biology
Atom
electron
proton
Neutron
basic unit of matter
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
a subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
Atom
basic unit of matter
electron
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
21 terms
Biology Basic Chemistry
atom
acid
alkaline
base
the simplest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
any substance that increases the concentration of hydrogen (H…
referring to bases
any substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide (…
atom
the simplest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
acid
any substance that increases the concentration of hydrogen (H…
29 terms
AP Biology - Basic Chemistry
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Atom
Structure of an Atom
Ion
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
The most basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of an el…
Consists of mostly empty space; Protons (+) and neutrons (0)…
An atom with a positive or negative electric charge
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Atom
The most basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of an el…
43 terms
Basic Chemistry- General Biology
matter
atom
nucleus
electron
substance which takes up space and has mass
smallest unit of matter that retains its identity as an element
tightly packed core of the atom made of protons & neutrons
tiny negatively charged particle spinning around the nucleus
matter
substance which takes up space and has mass
atom
smallest unit of matter that retains its identity as an element
23 terms
AP Biology - basic chemistry Review
hydrogen bond
matter
compound
element
slight attraction between Hydrogen of one atom and N, F, or O…
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance consisting of two or more elements
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
hydrogen bond
slight attraction between Hydrogen of one atom and N, F, or O…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
27 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry
Element
Compound
Proton
Neutron
One of the 116 presently known substances that cannot be brok…
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
A subatomic particle with a single positive electrical charge…
Subatomic particle having no electrical charge (electrically…
Element
One of the 116 presently known substances that cannot be brok…
Compound
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
Basic Chemistry For Biology VOCAB
Element
What Elements are most commonly found…
What does the acronym CHONPS mean?
Chemical Bond
A substance that has only one type of atom in it.
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Sulfur.
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
A force that holds atoms together.
Element
A substance that has only one type of atom in it.
What Elements are most commonly found…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Sulfur.
24 terms
AP Biology - Basic Chemistry
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Structure of an Atom
Ion
Cation
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Consists of mostly empty space; Protons (+) and neutrons (0)…
An atom with a positive or negative electric charge
An atom that lost electrons and therefore has a positive char…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Structure of an Atom
Consists of mostly empty space; Protons (+) and neutrons (0)…
21 terms
Biology - Basic Chemistry
element
SPONCH
atom
proton
a substance which can't be broken down further without changi…
6/92 elements make up 99.9% of all living matter:... S = sulfur;…
the smallest unit of an element; composed of 3 subatomic part…
determines the element; the number of proton = the atomic num…
element
a substance which can't be broken down further without changi…
SPONCH
6/92 elements make up 99.9% of all living matter:... S = sulfur;…
18 terms
Biology Basic Chemistry
Matter definition
Three forms of matter
4 most abundant elements in the human…
Atom definition
Anything that occupies space and has mass
solid liquid gas
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
The smallest unit of an element that still has the characteri…
Matter definition
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Three forms of matter
solid liquid gas
21 terms
basic chemistry of biology
monomer
polymer
protein
lipid
chemical building blocks
molecule which combine to make up macromolecules
A three dimensional polymer made of monomers of amino acids.
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
monomer
chemical building blocks
polymer
molecule which combine to make up macromolecules
27 terms
Biology - Basic Chemistry
atoms
protons
electrons
neutrons
the smallest component of an element
positive charge, in nucleus
negative charge, orbit nucleus
no charge, in nucleus
atoms
the smallest component of an element
protons
positive charge, in nucleus
20 terms
Basic Chemistry and Biology Chemistry
Electrons
Protons
Covalent Bonding
Ionic Bonding
Atomic structure that has a negative charge, zero weight, and…
Atomic structure with a positive charge and a weight of one,…
The sharing of electrons between 2+ atoms
The transfer of electrons between 2+ atoms; produces charged…
Electrons
Atomic structure that has a negative charge, zero weight, and…
Protons
Atomic structure with a positive charge and a weight of one,…
Basic Chemistry for Biology
Why chemistry in biology?
Atoms
subatomic particles of an atom
Nucleus of an atom
All living things are made of chemicals. It helps us understa…
smallest properties that determine structure and properties o…
protons (+) neutron (=) electrons (-)
central core that contains positive and neutral neutrons
Why chemistry in biology?
All living things are made of chemicals. It helps us understa…
Atoms
smallest properties that determine structure and properties o…
29 terms
Basic Chemistry for Biology
atomic number
atomic mass
electrons
protons
Number of Protons
Average Mass of all forms, thats why its a decimal
Negative Charge ... Found in Outer Shell
Positive Charge ... Found in Nucleus
atomic number
Number of Protons
atomic mass
Average Mass of all forms, thats why its a decimal
47 terms
Biology Basic Chemistry
Matter
3 States of Matter
Physical Properties of Matter
Chemical Properties of Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Solid, liquid, and gas
Color, length, volume, odor, and density
Flammability, decompostion, oxidation, and combustion
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
3 States of Matter
Solid, liquid, and gas
Basic Chemistry for Biology Students
matter
atom
element
protons
anything that has mass and takes up space
the simplest particle of an element that retains the properti…
substance that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
a subatomic particle that is located in the nucleus that has…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
atom
the simplest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Basic Chemistry - Biology
Matter
Mass
Solid, liquid, gas
92
Anything that takes up space and has mass
What is weight a measurement of?
Name three types of matter:
How many elements are naturally occurring?
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Mass
What is weight a measurement of?
47 terms
Biology Review Basic Chemistry
Atomic Number
Proton
Atomic Mass
Neutrons
Number at the top of an element label.... Also the number of Pro…
Number at the top of an element label.... Also known as the atom…
The weight of the element.... The ----- minus the proton equals…
The amount of negative charges an element has... The Atomic Mass…
Atomic Number
Number at the top of an element label.... Also the number of Pro…
Proton
Number at the top of an element label.... Also known as the atom…
43 terms
Basic Chemistry- General Biology
matter
atom
nucleus
electron
substance which takes up space and has mass
smallest unit of matter that retains its identity as an element
tightly packed core of the atom made of protons & neutrons
tiny negatively charged particle spinning around the nucleus
matter
substance which takes up space and has mass
atom
smallest unit of matter that retains its identity as an element
biology (basic chemistry)
Element
Atom
Protons
Neutrons
A fundamental substance which cannot be broken down into simp…
The smallest unit of an element that retains the properties o…
Located in the nucleus. Have a positive charge.
Located in the nucleus. Have no charge.
Element
A fundamental substance which cannot be broken down into simp…
Atom
The smallest unit of an element that retains the properties o…
31 terms
Basic Chemistry-Biology Honors
Element
Symbols
Most Common Elements in Living Things…
Atom
A single substance that cannot be broken down into any other…
each element is represented by a symbol
Carbon C ... Hydrogen H... Oxygen O... Nitrogen N... Phosphorous P... Sulfur S
the smallest unit (particle) of a substance
Element
A single substance that cannot be broken down into any other…
Symbols
each element is represented by a symbol
9 terms
Biology- Basic chemistry
Atoms
Elements
Compounds
TYPES OF COMPOUNDS... (Organic)
The smallest particle/unit used in an element... Building blocks…
Basic form of matter... Cannot be further broken down... Five impor…
Two or more elements chemically combined... Can chemically separ…
Found in living or once living things... All organic elements co…
Atoms
The smallest particle/unit used in an element... Building blocks…
Elements
Basic form of matter... Cannot be further broken down... Five impor…
12 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry Gradpoint Unit 2
matter
atom
subatomic particle
physical properties
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, electrons
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
atom
Basic unit of matter
Basic Chemistry terms for Biology
Atom
electron
proton
Neutron
basic unit of matter
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
a subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
Atom
basic unit of matter
electron
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
23 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry Vocab
Acid
Adhesion
Base
Calcium
solutions with high concentrations of H+ ions
the attraction between different kinds of molecules
a substance that decreases the hydrogen ion (H+) concentratio…
makes up 1.5% of the human body by weight, it's important for…
Acid
solutions with high concentrations of H+ ions
Adhesion
the attraction between different kinds of molecules
25 terms
Biology- Basic Chemistry
amino acid
carbohydrates
cohesion
hydrogen bonds
Building blocks of proteins
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appro…
An attraction between molecules of the same substance
Very weak bonds; occurs when a hydrogen atom in one molecule…
amino acid
Building blocks of proteins
carbohydrates
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appro…
Biology - Basic Chemistry
What is living material made up of?
6 Elements That Make Up Living Materia…
Trace Elements (2%)
Harmful Elements
We are CARBON based life forms.
SHOP NC... S - Sulfur... H - Hydrogen... O - Oxygen... P - Potassium... N -…
I - Iodine ... Fe - Iron... K - Potassium ... Na - Sodium... Cl - Chlorin…
Arsenic... Mercury... Lead... Radium... *Inert - Wont affect us (can be u…
What is living material made up of?
We are CARBON based life forms.
6 Elements That Make Up Living Materia…
SHOP NC... S - Sulfur... H - Hydrogen... O - Oxygen... P - Potassium... N -…
21 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Elements
Atom
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Quantity of matter an object has.
Substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
The smallest particle of an element that retains all of the p…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Mass
Quantity of matter an object has.
31 terms
Biology- Basic Chemistry
Atom
Nucleus
What are the charges of?... Protons ... Neut…
Atomic mass
basic unit of all living and non-living matter
center of atom
+, -, 0
the sum of Protons + Neutrons
Atom
basic unit of all living and non-living matter
Nucleus
center of atom
14 terms
Biology - Basic Chemistry
Atoms
Elements
Biologically Important Elements
Chemical Compounds
Definition: The smallest molecule of matter.... Composition: Pro…
Definition: A substance that cannot be broken down into other…
Major: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur…
A substance containing 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio.
Atoms
Definition: The smallest molecule of matter.... Composition: Pro…
Elements
Definition: A substance that cannot be broken down into other…
biology basic chemistry
Element
Atom
Isotopes
Ions
A fundamental substance which cannot be broken down into simp…
The smallest unit of an element that retains the properties o…
atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons.
atoms with different numbers of electrons.
Element
A fundamental substance which cannot be broken down into simp…
Atom
The smallest unit of an element that retains the properties o…
basic chemistry for biology
atom
chemical bond
element
molecule
basic unit of matter, also smallest part of an element that s…
force that holds atoms together
substance that only has one type of atom in it
group of atoms held together by chemical bonds
atom
basic unit of matter, also smallest part of an element that s…
chemical bond
force that holds atoms together
Biology: Basic Chemistry
Matter
Elements
Atom
Nucleus
anything that occupies space and has mass
simplest form of matter
smallest unit of an element
dense positively charged center of the atom
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Elements
simplest form of matter
Basic Chemistry: Biology
Element
- element
Atom
Atomic Mass
the simplest form of matter; consists of atoms of the same kind
- has a unique number of protons in the nuclei of its atoms... -…
- the smallest piece of an element that possesses all propert…
- is measured in Daltons (Da)
Element
the simplest form of matter; consists of atoms of the same kind
- element
- has a unique number of protons in the nuclei of its atoms... -…
22 terms
Biology- Basic Chemistry
Element
Atoms
Protons
Nucleus
One of the parts of which something is made up
The smallest particle of an element that has the properties o…
An atomic particle that occurs in the nucleus of every atom a…
The positively charged central core of an atom, consisting of…
Element
One of the parts of which something is made up
Atoms
The smallest particle of an element that has the properties o…
23 terms
Biology Quiz(Basic Chemistry)
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Basic unit of matter that can retain its chemical properties
Middle of an atom
Positively charged particle inside the nucleus
Neutrally charged particle inside the nucleus
Atom
Basic unit of matter that can retain its chemical properties
Nucleus
Middle of an atom
31 terms
Basic chemistry for Biology Students
atomic mass number
element
atomic number
nucleus
the total number of protons and neutrons in an atom's nucleus
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
The order of an element in Mendeleyev's table of the elements…
the positively charged dense center of an atom, contains prot…
atomic mass number
the total number of protons and neutrons in an atom's nucleus
element
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
19 terms
Biology Basic Chemistry
Matter
Elements
Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Ph…
Atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Substances that cannot be broken down by chemical means into…
Six elements basic to life.
The smallest particles that retain the properties of an eleme…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Elements
Substances that cannot be broken down by chemical means into…
Biology- Basic Chemistry Quiz
compound
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
What kind of bond creates a molecule
substance formed by the chemical combination of 2 or more ele…
formed when one of more electrons are transferred from one at…
formed when one or more electrons are shared between elements.
Covalent EX:H20
compound
substance formed by the chemical combination of 2 or more ele…
Ionic bond
formed when one of more electrons are transferred from one at…
78 terms
Basic Biology and Chemistry
Energy
Forms of energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
capacity to do work
kinetic... potential... radiant... chemical... nuclear... thermal... sound
energy can neither be created or destroyed
The law of entropy; things tend toward disorder; energy trans…
Energy
capacity to do work
Forms of energy
kinetic... potential... radiant... chemical... nuclear... thermal... sound
13 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry
covalent bond
ionic bond
atomic number
exothermic
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
chemical bond formed through the electrical force between opp…
the number of protons in the atomic nucleus
chemical reaction that yields a net release of energy in the…
covalent bond
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
ionic bond
chemical bond formed through the electrical force between opp…
47 terms
Biology Basic Chemistry
Matter
3 States of Matter
Physical Properties of Matter
Chemical Properties of Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Solid, liquid, and gas
Color, length, volume, odor, and density
Flammability, decompostion, oxidation, and combustion
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
3 States of Matter
Solid, liquid, and gas
Basic chemistry quiz Biology
Matter
Element
Atom
Protons
Anything that takes up space and has weight
A pure substance that consists of only one type of atom
The smallest unit of matter
Found In nucleus ... Positive charge
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has weight
Element
A pure substance that consists of only one type of atom
Basic Chemistry (AP BIOLOGY)
The basic building block of matter
A pure substance containing one type o…
Atoms are made of
Protons and neutrons are located in
atom
element
protons, electrons, and neutrons
the nucleus of the atom
The basic building block of matter
atom
A pure substance containing one type o…
element
83 terms
Review of Basic Biology & Chemistry
Matter
Atoms
Electrons
Nucleus
Anything that takes up space and has mass
The smallest chemical units of matter
Negatively charged subatomic particles circling a nucleus in…
Contains neutrons and protons
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Atoms
The smallest chemical units of matter
25 terms
biology, basic chemistry
the most basic unit of an element
isotopes differ in number of what
what substance can be broken down into…
the first law of Thermodynamics states…
atom
neutrons
element
energy can be neither created or destroyed
the most basic unit of an element
atom
isotopes differ in number of what
neutrons
39 terms
Biology: Basic Chemistry of Life
Atoms
Element
Atomic number
Number of Protons
fundamental substance that has mass and takes up space
by defenition, each element has a unique number of protons in…
the number of protons in the nucleus
is equal to the number of electrons
Atoms
fundamental substance that has mass and takes up space
Element
by defenition, each element has a unique number of protons in…
23 terms
Biology 156 Basic Chemistry
Living and Non-living
Matter
Weight Dependent On
Elements
composed of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass. all matter is comp…
gravity
basic substance of matter. elements are made of atoms. there…
Living and Non-living
composed of matter
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass. all matter is comp…
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