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Study sets matching "chemical bonding"

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Study sets matching "chemical bonding"

20 terms
Chemical Bonding
What does the octet rule state that ex…
The diagram shows an electron shell mo…
Atoms of which elements form bonds wit…
Based on the location of nitrogen (N)…
An atom bonds to have eight valence electrons to become stable.
The third shell would be empty so that the eight electrons in…
helium (He) and hydrogen (H)
three
What does the octet rule state that ex…
An atom bonds to have eight valence electrons to become stable.
The diagram shows an electron shell mo…
The third shell would be empty so that the eight electrons in…
27 terms
Chemical Bonding
Define: Alloy
Define: Covalent Bond
Define: Electron Dot Structure
Define: Ion
Definition: Any mixture composed of 2 or more metals, not a n…
Definition: The sharing of valence electrons
Definition: A diagram showing an atom's paired and unpaired v…
Definition: An atom with an electric charge due to the unequa…
Define: Alloy
Definition: Any mixture composed of 2 or more metals, not a n…
Define: Covalent Bond
Definition: The sharing of valence electrons
12 terms
Chemical Bonding
Define: Alloy
Define: Covalent Bond
Define: Electron Dot Structure
Define: Ion
Definition: Any mixture composed of 2 or more metals, not a n…
Definition: The sharing of valence electrons
Definition: A diagram showing an atom's paired and unpaired v…
Definition: An atom with an electric charge due to the unequa…
Define: Alloy
Definition: Any mixture composed of 2 or more metals, not a n…
Define: Covalent Bond
Definition: The sharing of valence electrons
21 terms
Chemical Bonding
types of bonds
ionic bond (definition)
ionic bond (description)
ionic bond (types of elements)
ionic and covalent
bond formed when one or more electrons are transfered from on…
a chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
metals with nonmetals
types of bonds
ionic and covalent
ionic bond (definition)
bond formed when one or more electrons are transfered from on…
53 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
40 terms
Chemical Bonding
types of bonds
ionic bond (definition)
ionic bond (description)
ionic bond (types of elements)
ionic, covalent and metallic bonding
bond formed when one or more electrons are transfered from on…
a chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
metals with nonmetals
types of bonds
ionic, covalent and metallic bonding
ionic bond (definition)
bond formed when one or more electrons are transfered from on…
19 terms
Chemical Bonding
Energy Level
Electron Cloud
Valence Electrons
Metals
The most likely place in the electron cloud that an electron…
The space around the nucleus where the electrons are likely t…
Electrons in the outer most energy level of an atom.
These tend to lend electrons and are generally located on the…
Energy Level
The most likely place in the electron cloud that an electron…
Electron Cloud
The space around the nucleus where the electrons are likely t…
42 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
16 terms
Chemical Bonding
Chemical bond
ion
ionic bond
covalent bond
An attractive force that holds together the atoms, ions, or g…
A particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
Chemical bond
An attractive force that holds together the atoms, ions, or g…
ion
A particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
29 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
42 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
67 terms
Chemical Bonding
types of bonds
ionic bond (definition)
ionic bond (description)
ionic bond (types of elements)
ionic, covalent and metallic bonding
bond formed when one or more electrons are transfered from on…
a chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
metals with nonmetals
types of bonds
ionic, covalent and metallic bonding
ionic bond (definition)
bond formed when one or more electrons are transfered from on…
21 terms
Chemical Bonding: Ionic Bond
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
5 terms
Chemical Bonding
Tetrahedral
Trigonal planar
Trigonal pyramidal
Bent
4 bonded pairs, no lone pairs
3 bonded pairs, no lone pairs
3 bonded pairs, 1 lone pair
2 bonded pairs, 1 or 2 lone pairs
Tetrahedral
4 bonded pairs, no lone pairs
Trigonal planar
3 bonded pairs, no lone pairs
19 terms
Chemical Bonding: Ionic Bond
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
21 terms
Chemical Bonding: Ionic Bond
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
23 terms
Chemical Bonding: Covalent Bond
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
31 terms
Chemical Bonding: Ionic Bond
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
44 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
53 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
Chemical Bonding
Ionic Bonds
metals and nonmetals form___________
Covalent Bonding
molecule
joining atoms by transferring electrons between metals and no…
Ionic Bonds
joining of atoms by sharing valence elctrons
pure substance formed by covalent bonds between nonmetals; th…
Ionic Bonds
joining atoms by transferring electrons between metals and no…
metals and nonmetals form___________
Ionic Bonds
42 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
18 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
8 terms
Chemical Bonding
chemical bond
chemical structure
bond length
bond angle
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions togehter
the arrangement of atoms in a substance
the average distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms
the angle formed by two bonds to the same atom
chemical bond
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions togehter
chemical structure
the arrangement of atoms in a substance
20 terms
Chemical Bonding
ionic bond
covalent bond
valence electron
chemical bonding
A bond in which one atom donates electrons to another atom.
A bond in which atoms share electrons.
Electrons in the outermost energy level; high energy; ones th…
The process of atoms combinding to form new substances.
ionic bond
A bond in which one atom donates electrons to another atom.
covalent bond
A bond in which atoms share electrons.
7 terms
chemical bonding
chemical bonding
chemical bond
valence electrons
Ionic bonding
the combining of atoms to form molecules or ionic compounds
an interaction that holds atoms or ions together
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
a bond that forms when electrons are transferred from one ato…
chemical bonding
the combining of atoms to form molecules or ionic compounds
chemical bond
an interaction that holds atoms or ions together
53 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
Chemical Bonding
valence electron
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
electrons in the highest energy level of an atom and that are…
representation of valence electrons in an atom, using dots
the force that holds atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electron
electrons in the highest energy level of an atom and that are…
electron dot diagram
representation of valence electrons in an atom, using dots
20 terms
Chemical Bonding
electronegativity
oxidation number
chemical bond
valence electrons
tendency of an atom to attract electrons; metals have low ten…
indicates number of electrons an atom will lose or gain by ch…
an attraction between two or more atoms
exist in the outermost energy level; may be lost, gained or s…
electronegativity
tendency of an atom to attract electrons; metals have low ten…
oxidation number
indicates number of electrons an atom will lose or gain by ch…
29 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
24 terms
Chemical Bonding
covalent bond
ionic bond
metallic bond
ion
a bond between two atoms that is formed by shared electrons.…
a bond between two atoms that is formed by transferred electr…
a bond between two metal atoms. Atoms in a chunk of metal all…
a charged particle formed when an atom gains or loses one or…
covalent bond
a bond between two atoms that is formed by shared electrons.…
ionic bond
a bond between two atoms that is formed by transferred electr…
18 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
7 terms
Chemical bonding
an Ionic bond is
valency is
properties of ionic compounds
a Covalent bond is
caused by the attraction between positive and negative ions
the least number of electrons an atom needs to gain or lose i…
solids at room temperature ... will dissolve in water... will condu…
when pairs of electrons are shared by atoms
an Ionic bond is
caused by the attraction between positive and negative ions
valency is
the least number of electrons an atom needs to gain or lose i…
22 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
12 terms
Chemical Bonding
The octet rule
exceptions to the octet rule belongs t…
Based on the location of nitrogen (N)…
An atom of magnesium (Mg) will satisfy…
An atom bonds to have eight valence electrons to become stable.
helium (He) and hydrogen (H)
three
losing two electrons
The octet rule
An atom bonds to have eight valence electrons to become stable.
exceptions to the octet rule belongs t…
helium (He) and hydrogen (H)
12 terms
Chemical Bonding
ion
ionic bond
covalent bond
element
An atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
ion
An atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
ionic bond
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
17 terms
Chemical Bonding
valence electron
electron dot diagram or Lewis Structure
chemical bond
ion
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using t…
the force of attraction that holds two atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electron
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram or Lewis Structure
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using t…
9 terms
Chemical Bonding
Ionic Bond
Metals (Ionic Bond)
Non-Metals (Ionic Bond)
Ionic bond between Na + Cl
When there is a transfer of electrons between a metal and a n…
Give up/lose electrons and have a positive charge
Take in/gain electrons and have a negative charge
Na gives up the electron, Cl gains the electron
Ionic Bond
When there is a transfer of electrons between a metal and a n…
Metals (Ionic Bond)
Give up/lose electrons and have a positive charge
30 terms
Chemical Bonding
types of bonds
ionic bond (definition)
ionic bond (description)
ionic bond (types of elements)
ionic, covalent and metallic bonding
bond formed when one or more electrons are transfered from on…
a chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
metals with nonmetals
types of bonds
ionic, covalent and metallic bonding
ionic bond (definition)
bond formed when one or more electrons are transfered from on…
29 terms
Chemical Bonding
ion
cation
anion
electrostatic attraction
an atom that have lost or gained electrons
a positively-charged (+) ion; formed when an atom LOSES (subt…
a negatively-charged (-) ion; formed when an atom GAINS (adds…
the force that holds two atoms together when they are sharing…
ion
an atom that have lost or gained electrons
cation
a positively-charged (+) ion; formed when an atom LOSES (subt…
28 terms
Chemical Bonding
Type of chemical bonding
Ionic form between
Covalent form between
NaCl is ...... bond
Ionic and covalent
metal and non metal
non metal non metal
ionic
Type of chemical bonding
Ionic and covalent
Ionic form between
metal and non metal
30 terms
Chemical Bonding
Bent
Bonding pair
Bonding theory
Chemical bond
What is the molecular geometry in which 3 atoms are not in a…
electrons that are shared between two atoms in a chemical bond
a model that predicts how atoms bond together to form molecules
sharing or transfer of electrons to attain stable electron co…
Bent
What is the molecular geometry in which 3 atoms are not in a…
Bonding pair
electrons that are shared between two atoms in a chemical bond
17 terms
Chemical Bonding
Electron Dot Diagram
Ion
Cation
Ionic Bond
a diagram of an atom, ion, or molecule in which each dot repr…
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
an ion with a positive charge
the force that holds cations and anions together
Electron Dot Diagram
a diagram of an atom, ion, or molecule in which each dot repr…
Ion
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
53 terms
Chemical Bonding
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
34 terms
Chemical Bonding
types of bonds
ionic bond (definition)
ionic bond (types of elements)
ionic compounds (properties)
ionic, covalent and metallic bonding
bond formed when one or more electrons are transfered from on…
metals with nonmetals
1. crystalline solids... 2. high melting and boiling point... 3.…
types of bonds
ionic, covalent and metallic bonding
ionic bond (definition)
bond formed when one or more electrons are transfered from on…
12 terms
Chemical Bonding
chemical bond
valence electron
ionic bond
ion
the force of attraction between the nuclei of atoms and the e…
the electrons in the outer most energy level of an atom
the force of attraction between oppositely charged ions
charged particles that form during chemical changes when one…
chemical bond
the force of attraction between the nuclei of atoms and the e…
valence electron
the electrons in the outer most energy level of an atom
21 terms
Chemical Bonding
Molecule
Chemical Bond
Nonpolar covalent bond
Covalent bond
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
An attractive force that holds together the atoms, ions, or g…
A bond where electrons are shared equally between non-metals
A bond that results from the sharing of valence electrons bet…
Molecule
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Chemical Bond
An attractive force that holds together the atoms, ions, or g…
18 terms
Chemical Bonding
Molecule
Chemical Formula
Anion
Cation
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
A negative ion
A positive ion
Molecule
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Chemical Formula
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
17 terms
Chemical Bonding
Tetrahedral
Trigonal planar
Trigonal pyramidal
Bent
4 bonded pairs, no lone pairs
3 bonded pairs, no lone pairs
3 bonded pairs, 1 lone pair
2 bonded pairs, 1 or 2 lone pairs
Tetrahedral
4 bonded pairs, no lone pairs
Trigonal planar
3 bonded pairs, no lone pairs
43 terms
Chemical Bonding
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Nonpolar-Covalent Bond
mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence e…
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
results from the sharing of electron pairs between two atoms.
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
Chemical Bond
mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence e…
Ionic Bonding
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
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