Study sets matching "chemical formulas chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "chemical formulas chapter 6"

15 terms
Chapter 6 Chemical Names and formulas
Anion
Binary Compound
Cation
Chemical Formula
Any atom or group of atoms with a negitive or charge
A compound composed of two elements
Any atom or any group of atoms with a positive charge
Shows the number and type of atoms present in the smallest re…
Anion
Any atom or group of atoms with a negitive or charge
Binary Compound
A compound composed of two elements
27 terms
Chapter 6 Chemical Names and Formulas
molecule
molecular compounds
low melting/boiling points ... most exist…
sugar
smallest electronically neutral unite of a substance, made up…
compounds composed of molecules
what are the properties of molecular compounds
what is an exception to a property of molecular compounds?
molecule
smallest electronically neutral unite of a substance, made up…
molecular compounds
compounds composed of molecules
Chapter 6. Chemical Names and Formulas
molecule
Ion
Ionic Compound
An Anion
* Neutral chemically bonded group of atoms that act as a unit…
* Charged atom or group of atoms (cation or anion)... * Cation n…
Composed of metal cation and nonmetal anion
* A negative ion.... * Has gained electrons
molecule
* Neutral chemically bonded group of atoms that act as a unit…
Ion
* Charged atom or group of atoms (cation or anion)... * Cation n…
Chapter 6 naming compounds and chemical formulas
Chemical formula
Chemical name
Binary Compounds
Metal and Nonmetal
symbols and subscripts EX: NaCl, H2O
element name or polyatomic ion name maybe prefixes or roman n…
2 elements, compounds= 0 charge, 2nd element-drop ending of w…
if metal with more than 1 oxidation state, then you need a ro…
Chemical formula
symbols and subscripts EX: NaCl, H2O
Chemical name
element name or polyatomic ion name maybe prefixes or roman n…
15 terms
Chapter 6 Chemical Names and Formulas
molecule
molecular compounds
ions
cation
a neutral chemically bonded group of atoms that act as a unit
a compound that is composed of molecules
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
molecule
a neutral chemically bonded group of atoms that act as a unit
molecular compounds
a compound that is composed of molecules
15 terms
Chapter 6 Chemical Names and formulas
Anion
Binary Compound
Cation
Chemical Formula
Any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
A compound composed of two elements
Any atom or any group of atoms with a positive charge
Shows the number and type of atoms present in the smallest re…
Anion
Any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
Binary Compound
A compound composed of two elements
Chapter 6 & 7: Chemical Bonding & Formulas
Chemical Bond
to satisfy octect rule
Ionic Bond
Ionic Compound
Mutual electrical attraction between positive nuclei and vale…
reason atoms bond
Electrically attracted between cations and anions (oppositely…
Conpounds of postive and negative ions so the sum of their ch…
Chemical Bond
Mutual electrical attraction between positive nuclei and vale…
to satisfy octect rule
reason atoms bond
Chemistry Chapter 6 - Chemical Names and Formulas
In nature, only the noble gases...
Molecule
Molecular compund
Manatomic- one atom=
exists as isolated atoms
smallest electrically neutral unit of a substance that sill h…
composed of molecules. Usually nonmetals or metalloids togeth…
noble gas
In nature, only the noble gases...
exists as isolated atoms
Molecule
smallest electrically neutral unit of a substance that sill h…
Chapter 6 - Mathematics of Chemical Formulas
mole
atomic mass
What is the conversion factor between…
What is the conversion factor between…
a counting unit used in chemistry, 6.02x10^23
the mass, in grams, of one mole of atoms
6.02x10^23
22.4
mole
a counting unit used in chemistry, 6.02x10^23
atomic mass
the mass, in grams, of one mole of atoms
Chem Chapter 6 - Chemical Names and Formulas
Chemical Formula
anion
binary
cation
A way of expressing information about the proportions of atom…
A negatively charged ion.
compounds consisting of only two types of elements.
A positively charged ion.
Chemical Formula
A way of expressing information about the proportions of atom…
anion
A negatively charged ion.
Chemistry Chapter 6: Chemical Names and Formulas
Covalent/Molecular Compound
Ionic Compound
Writing Ionic Formulas
Writing Covalent Formulas
Bond between a nonmetal and a nonmetal; sharing of electrons
Bond between a metal and a nonmetal; transfer of electrons (l…
-No prefixes... -Roman Numerals
-Uses prefixes
Covalent/Molecular Compound
Bond between a nonmetal and a nonmetal; sharing of electrons
Ionic Compound
Bond between a metal and a nonmetal; transfer of electrons (l…
Chapter 6 Chemical Names and Formulas
Compounds composed of two elements
Compounds composed of metal cations an…
Atoms or groups of atoms with a negati…
Atoms or groups of atoms that that hav…
Binary Compounds
Ionic Compounds
Anions
Ions or Polyatomic Ions
Compounds composed of two elements
Binary Compounds
Compounds composed of metal cations an…
Ionic Compounds
BIOL 121: (Chapter 6)-Chemical Formula
Molecular Formulas
Structural Formulas
Isomers
Carbohydrates
•Molecular Formulas tell you the types of atoms/elements in a…
•Structural Formulas tell you the types and number of atoms/…
•Isomers are compounds that have the same molecular formulas,…
1.) Elements: Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen( 1-2-1)... 2.) Monome…
Molecular Formulas
•Molecular Formulas tell you the types of atoms/elements in a…
Structural Formulas
•Structural Formulas tell you the types and number of atoms/…
Chapter 6- Chemical Calculations: Formula Masses
Formula Mass
Mole
Avogadro's Number
Molar Mass
Is the sum of the atomic masses of all the atoms represented…
6.02 x 10^23 objects
Is the name given to the numerical value 6.02 x 10^23
Is the mass, in grams, of a substance that is numerically equ…
Formula Mass
Is the sum of the atomic masses of all the atoms represented…
Mole
6.02 x 10^23 objects
17 terms
Chapter 6: Definitions - Mole, Mass, Formula Mass, and Chemical Equations
Formula mass
The mole concept
Avogadro's Number
A Mole of an element...
The formula mass of a substance is the sum of the atomic mass…
A mole is a counting unit that contains the same number of pa…
6.02 x 10^23 atoms of an element
contains Avogadro's number of atoms.
Formula mass
The formula mass of a substance is the sum of the atomic mass…
The mole concept
A mole is a counting unit that contains the same number of pa…
20 terms
Chapter 6 Formulas
Perimeter of Rectangle
Perimeter of Triangle
Perimeter of Trapezoid
Perimeter of Square
P = 2l + 2w
P = a + b + c
P = a + b + c + d
P = 4s
Perimeter of Rectangle
P = 2l + 2w
Perimeter of Triangle
P = a + b + c
23 terms
Chapter 6 Chemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations
Formula Mass
Mole
Avagadros number
The mass of a mole is a set number (T/F)
The sum of all the atomic masses of all atoms in the compound…
Unit of counting for chemistry applications.... Used for dealing…
The name given to the numerical value of 6.022 X 10^23.
False.... The mass of a mole depends on the identity of the chem…
Formula Mass
The sum of all the atomic masses of all atoms in the compound…
Mole
Unit of counting for chemistry applications.... Used for dealing…
23 terms
Chapter 6 Chemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations
Formula Mass
Mole
Avagadros number
The mass of a mole is a set number (T/F)
The sum of all the atomic masses of all atoms in the compound…
Unit of counting for chemistry applications.... Used for dealing…
The name given to the numerical value of 6.022 X 10^23.
False.... The mass of a mole depends on the identity of the chem…
Formula Mass
The sum of all the atomic masses of all atoms in the compound…
Mole
Unit of counting for chemistry applications.... Used for dealing…
Chapter 6 Chemical Bonding
chemical bond
covalent bonding
ionic bonding
nonpolar-covalent bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
a chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
the chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
chemical bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
covalent bonding
a chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonds
ionic
covalent
molecule
polar
type of bond that holds cations and anions together
bond in which two atoms share a pair of electrons
neutral group of atoms that are joined together by one or mor…
a covalent bond in which electrons are not shared equally
ionic
type of bond that holds cations and anions together
covalent
bond in which two atoms share a pair of electrons
Chapter 6: Chemical Reactions
matter
chemistry
chemical property
physical property
anything that has mass and occupies space
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
chemistry
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
Chapter 6 Area Formulas
Parallelogram
Triangle
Trapezoid
Circle (Area)
A = bh
A = (bh)/2
A = ((b1+b2)h)/2
A = pi * r^2
Parallelogram
A = bh
Triangle
A = (bh)/2
Chapter 6- Chemical Reactions
synthesis reaction
decomposition reaction
combustion reaction
single replacement reaction
reaction in which two compounds form a new, more complex comp…
a chemical reaction in which the reactants are a hydrocarbon…
synthesis reaction
reaction in which two compounds form a new, more complex comp…
decomposition reaction
10 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonds
Electron dot diagram
Ion
Anion
cation
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
A charged atom
Negatively charged ion
A positively charged ion
Electron dot diagram
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
Ion
A charged atom
12 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonds
Electron Dot Diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
A diagram of an atom, ion or the orbitals of an atom
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive on negative cha…
an ion with a negative charge
an ion with a positive charge
Electron Dot Diagram
A diagram of an atom, ion or the orbitals of an atom
Ion
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive on negative cha…
8 terms
Ch 6 chemical formulas
Electronegativity
A dipole
A polar covalent bond
Intramolecular bonding
Is the relative attraction that an atom in a molecule has for…
Something with slight positive and slight negative charges wi…
Is a bond in which there is an UNEQUAL sharing of the pair(s)…
Is bonding that takes place within a molecule I.e covalent an…
Electronegativity
Is the relative attraction that an atom in a molecule has for…
A dipole
Something with slight positive and slight negative charges wi…
19 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Reactions
Reactants
Products
Chemical Energy
Exothermic Reaction
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
The energy released when a chemical compound reacts to produc…
A reaction that releases energy in the form of heat.
Reactants
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
Products
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
10 terms
CHEMISTRY 11: UNIT 3, CHAPTER 6, Quantities in Chemical Formulas
qualitative analysis
quantitative analysis
mole
Avegadro's constant (Na)
the process of identifying substances present in a sample; no…
the process of measuring the quantity of a substance in a sam…
a unit of amount; the amount of substance containing 6.02x10^…
The number of entities in one mol of a substance
qualitative analysis
the process of identifying substances present in a sample; no…
quantitative analysis
the process of measuring the quantity of a substance in a sam…
38 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonding
chemical bond
covalent bonding
ionic bonding
nonpolar-covalent bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
A chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
The chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
A covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
chemical bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
covalent bonding
A chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
26 terms
chapter 6 Chemical Reactions
matter
chemistry
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and occupies space
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
a characteristics of a pure substance that can be observed wi…
a characteristic of pure substance that describes its ability…
matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
chemistry
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
41 terms
Ch 6/7 - Chemical Formulas and Chemical Compounds
chemical bonding
ionic bonding
covalent bonding
nonpolar-covalent bonding
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
the sharing of electron pairs between two atoms
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
chemical bonding
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
ionic bonding
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
8 terms
Chapter 6 Formulas
Work Equation
Power Equation
Power Equation for Energy Transfer
Mechanical Advantage Formula
work (in joules)=applied force (in newtons) x distance (in me…
power (in watts)=work (in joules)/time (seconds) ... P=W/t
power (in watts)=energy transferred (in joules)/time (in seco…
mechanical advantage=output force (in newtons)/input force (i…
Work Equation
work (in joules)=applied force (in newtons) x distance (in me…
Power Equation
power (in watts)=work (in joules)/time (seconds) ... P=W/t
12 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonds
Electron Dot Diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
A diagram of an atom, ion or the orbitals of an atom
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive on negative cha…
an ion with a negative charge
an ion with a positive charge
Electron Dot Diagram
A diagram of an atom, ion or the orbitals of an atom
Ion
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive on negative cha…
13 terms
Chemical Vocab Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Polar Bond
Is a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and vale…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Results from the sharing of electron pairs between two atoms.
Is a covalent bond in which the bonded atoms have an unequal…
Chemical Bond
Is a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and vale…
Ionic Bond
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Chemistry: Chapter 6: Chemical Bonding
chemical bond
covalent bonding
ionic bonding
nonpolar-covalent bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
a chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
the chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
chemical bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
covalent bonding
a chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
30 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonding
bond energy
chemical bond
chemical formula
covalent bonding
the energy required to break a chemical bond and form neutral…
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
a combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
a bond formed when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons
bond energy
the energy required to break a chemical bond and form neutral…
chemical bond
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
Chapter 6 vocab and formulas
sum of the measures of interior angles…
Equilateral
Equiangular
regular
(n-2)180
all sides are equal
all angles are equal
its equilateral and equiangular
sum of the measures of interior angles…
(n-2)180
Equilateral
all sides are equal
Chapter 6 - Chemical Bonds
electron dot diagram
ion
anion
cation
a diagram of an atom, ion or molecule in which each dot repre…
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
an ion with a negative charge
an ion with a positive charge
electron dot diagram
a diagram of an atom, ion or molecule in which each dot repre…
ion
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
6 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Composition
Avogadro's number
Empirical formula
Empirical formula molar mass
Mass percent (composition)
The number of entities in a mole, 6.022 x 10^23
A formula for a compound that gives the smallest whole-number…
The sum of molar masses of all the atoms in an empirical form…
The percentage, by mass, of each element in a compound
Avogadro's number
The number of entities in a mole, 6.022 x 10^23
Empirical formula
A formula for a compound that gives the smallest whole-number…
10 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonds
Ion
Anion
Cation
Chemical bond
An atom with a positive or negative charge (due to losing or…
A negative ion
A positive ion
The attractive force that holds atoms together
Ion
An atom with a positive or negative charge (due to losing or…
Anion
A negative ion
30 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonding
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Nonpolar-Covalent Bond
The attractive force that holds atoms or ions together.
A force that attracts electrons from one atom to another, whi…
A bond formed when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons.
A covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are equally at…
Chemical Bond
The attractive force that holds atoms or ions together.
Ionic Bonding
A force that attracts electrons from one atom to another, whi…
15 terms
Chapter 6 Chemical bonds
electron dot diagram
ion
anion
cation
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
A negatively charged ion
A positively charged ion
electron dot diagram
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
ion
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
Chapter 6 Chemical bonds
electron dot diagram
ion
anion
cation
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
A negatively charged ion
A positively charged ion
electron dot diagram
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
ion
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
26 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Reactions
matter
chemistry
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
chemistry
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
8 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemical Composition
average atomic mass
atomic mass unit (amu)
mole
Avogadro's number
the weighted average mass of all the isotopes of an element
a unit of mass used to relate to atoms - it is precisely 1/12…
a mole is Avogadro's number of anything
six point zero two times ten to the twenty-third
average atomic mass
the weighted average mass of all the isotopes of an element
atomic mass unit (amu)
a unit of mass used to relate to atoms - it is precisely 1/12…
14 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonds
Electron dot diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
An electron dot diagram is a model of an atom in which each d…
An atom that has a net positive or negative electric charge i…
An ion with a negative charge is an anion
A positive charged ion
Electron dot diagram
An electron dot diagram is a model of an atom in which each d…
Ion
An atom that has a net positive or negative electric charge i…
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonds
Electron Dot Diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
A diagram of an atom, ion or the orbitals of an atom
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive on negative cha…
an ion with a negative charge
an ion with a positive charge
Electron Dot Diagram
A diagram of an atom, ion or the orbitals of an atom
Ion
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive on negative cha…
18 terms
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonding
chemical bond
ionic bonding
covalent bonding
nonpolar-covalent bond
a mutual electric attraction between the nuclei and valence e…
chemical bonding that results from the electric attraction be…
bonding that results from the sharing of electron pairs betwe…
covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equal…
chemical bond
a mutual electric attraction between the nuclei and valence e…
ionic bonding
chemical bonding that results from the electric attraction be…
Chapter 6 Chemical Bonds
Stable Electron Configurations
Ionic Bonds
Anion
Cation
When the highest occupied energy level of an atom is filled w…
Bond formed by a transfer of one or more electrons from an at…
A negatively charged ion; add -ide to the elements name
A positively charged ion
Stable Electron Configurations
When the highest occupied energy level of an atom is filled w…
Ionic Bonds
Bond formed by a transfer of one or more electrons from an at…
Chapter 6: Chemical Bonds
Electron Dot Diagram
Ion
Anion
Cation
A diagram of an atom, ion or the orbitals of an atom
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive on negative cha…
an ion with a negative charge
an ion with a positive charge
Electron Dot Diagram
A diagram of an atom, ion or the orbitals of an atom
Ion
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive on negative cha…
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