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11 terms
Chemistry #1
atom
proton
neutron
electron
basic unit of a chemical element
subatomic particle with a positive charge
subatomic particle with no charge
subatomic particle with a negative charge
atom
basic unit of a chemical element
proton
subatomic particle with a positive charge
28 terms
Chemistry 1
proton
neutron
electron
atom
positive charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
neutral charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
negative charged part of the atom found in the electron cloud
smallest part of an element that has the chemical properties…
proton
positive charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
neutron
neutral charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
10 terms
Chemistry 1.1 - Chemistry
matter
chemistry
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
anything that has mass and occupies space
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
the study of all chemicals containing carbon
the study of chemicals that do not contain carbon
matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
chemistry
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
12 terms
Chemistry 1
MATTER
CHEMISTRY
SUBSTANCE
PHYSICAL PROPERTY
ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
STUDY OF MATTER AND HOW IT CHANGES
SINGLE KIND OF MATTER
CHARACTERISTIC OF SUBSTANCE WITHOUT CHANGING IT
MATTER
ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
CHEMISTRY
STUDY OF MATTER AND HOW IT CHANGES
24 terms
Chemistry Final Review 1
Mass
scientific notation
matter
substance
amount of atoms in something
way to write really big or really small numbers
anything that has mass and takes up space
matter with uniform properties throughout
Mass
amount of atoms in something
scientific notation
way to write really big or really small numbers
10 terms
Chemistry - 1
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Electrical Charge
The smallest particle into which an element (such as gold) ca…
average mass of one atom of an element.
number of protons in the nucleus of one atom of an element.
a property of the particles in an atom; may be positive (prot…
Atom
The smallest particle into which an element (such as gold) ca…
Atomic Mass
average mass of one atom of an element.
18 terms
Chemistry 1 - Introduction to Chemistry
chemistry
science
mass
weight
The study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
The use of evidence to construct testable explanations and pr…
a measure that reflects the amount of matter
a meaure of an amount of matter and also the effect of Earth'…
chemistry
The study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
science
The use of evidence to construct testable explanations and pr…
54 terms
Chemistry, Ch. 1
worldview
image of God
first commandment
second commandment
a perspective from which to see and interpret all of life
we are like God in every way that it is appropriate for a cre…
" And thou shalt love the Lord thy God...
"Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself"
worldview
a perspective from which to see and interpret all of life
image of God
we are like God in every way that it is appropriate for a cre…
15 terms
Chemistry 11.1
Thermochemistry
energy
Chemical potential energy
heat
The study of heat changes in chemical reactions.
The capacity for doing work; it exists in several forms, incl…
Energy stored within the structural units of chemical substan…
The energy that is transferred from one body to another becau…
Thermochemistry
The study of heat changes in chemical reactions.
energy
The capacity for doing work; it exists in several forms, incl…
14 terms
Chemistry Standard 1 Vocabulary
atom
element
nucleus
proton
basic building block of all matter
the smallest amount of matter that can be identified; a singl…
the "core" of the atom; contains entire mass
positively charged sub-atomic particle; used to identify the…
atom
basic building block of all matter
element
the smallest amount of matter that can be identified; a singl…
14 terms
Chemistry 2.2.1
J.J. Thomson
Plum-Pudding Model
Robert Millikan
Ernest Rutherford
A British physicist credited for the discovery of the electro…
An atomic model proposed by Thomson in the late 1800s, but no…
An American experimental physicist, known for measuring the c…
A British physicist who discovered the atomic nucleus. Experi…
J.J. Thomson
A British physicist credited for the discovery of the electro…
Plum-Pudding Model
An atomic model proposed by Thomson in the late 1800s, but no…
50 terms
Review for Quiz #1 Chemistry
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
8 terms
Chemistry 10.1
Kinetic energy
Kinetic theory
gas pressure
vacuum
The energy an object has because of it's motion.
A theory explaining the states of matter, based on the concep…
the force exerted by a gas per unit surface area of an object…
a space where no particles of matter exist.
Kinetic energy
The energy an object has because of it's motion.
Kinetic theory
A theory explaining the states of matter, based on the concep…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
Chemistry Chapter 1 Introduction to Chemistry
chemistry
substance
mass
weight
the study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
matter that has a definite composition; a.k.a. a chemical
a measure that reflects the amount of matter
a measure of the amount of gravitational pull on matter
chemistry
the study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
substance
matter that has a definite composition; a.k.a. a chemical
21 terms
Chemistry Topic 1 The Atom
atom
atomic mass
atomic mass unit
atomic number
A tiny particle that is the basic unit of matter.
The average mass of all of the isotopes in a sample of the el…
Units used to represent an atom's mass. 1 proton = 1 amu.
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
atom
A tiny particle that is the basic unit of matter.
atomic mass
The average mass of all of the isotopes in a sample of the el…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
34 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1 vocabulary
Physical State
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
The form matter takes as a result of the arrangement of its p…
Elements or compounds interacting with each other to form new…
A chemical that is present at the beginning of a chemical rea…
A compound that is the result of a chemical reaction (or an e…
Physical State
The form matter takes as a result of the arrangement of its p…
Chemical Reaction
Elements or compounds interacting with each other to form new…
6 terms
Chemistry 1.3-1.4
Scientific Method
Observation
Hypothesis
Experiment
A method of inquiry involving observation, experiments, hypot…
Information obtained through the senses; observation in scien…
A proposed explanation for observations.
A carefully controlled, repeatable procedure for gathering da…
Scientific Method
A method of inquiry involving observation, experiments, hypot…
Observation
Information obtained through the senses; observation in scien…
11 terms
Chemistry 1
Matter
Physical Properties of Matter
Density
Particle Diagrams
Anything that has mass and volume
Characteristics that can be observed ... without changing the i…
The mass per unit volume of ... an object or the amount of matt…
All matter is made of particles that are attracted to each ot…
Matter
Anything that has mass and volume
Physical Properties of Matter
Characteristics that can be observed ... without changing the i…
8 terms
chemistry 1
ores
reactivity series
displacement reaction
native
raw material found in rocks once thought as waste
a league table for metals most reactive metals at the top and…
Displacement reaction is a chemical reaction in which a more…
elements at the bottom of the reactivity series
ores
raw material found in rocks once thought as waste
reactivity series
a league table for metals most reactive metals at the top and…
13 terms
Chemistry 1
atom
element
compound
mixture
The smallest part of the particle in an element.
A substance that is made up of only one type of atom.
Contains two or more elements that are chemically joined toge…
Two or more compounds that are not chemically joined together.
atom
The smallest part of the particle in an element.
element
A substance that is made up of only one type of atom.
Chemistry #1
Atomic Number
Periods
Valence
Elements
Number of protons or electrons in a neutral atom
Horizontal rows on the periodic table
The outer shell of an atom
Pure substances in their smallest form
Atomic Number
Number of protons or electrons in a neutral atom
Periods
Horizontal rows on the periodic table
28 terms
Chemistry 1
matter
mass
volume
atom
anything that has mass and volume
the amount of matter in a substance
the amount of space an object takes up
smallest unit of matter
matter
anything that has mass and volume
mass
the amount of matter in a substance
8 terms
chemistry:1
Chemistry
matter
substance
physical property
the study of matter and how matter changes
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind o matter that is pure
is a characteristic of a substance that can be observed witho…
Chemistry
the study of matter and how matter changes
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
17 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 1 Vocabulary
states of matter
chemical reaction
chemical
reactant
the physical forms of matter, which are solid, liquid, gas, a…
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
any substance that has a defined composition.
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which are solid, liquid, gas, a…
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
18 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1
chemistry
atom
mass
weight
the study of matter and it's interactions with other matter
the building blocks of matter
the amount of matter
a measure of amount of matter and the effect of earth's gravi…
chemistry
the study of matter and it's interactions with other matter
atom
the building blocks of matter
Chemistry 1 Unit #1
accuaracy
preciscion
How many sig figs? 17,001
How many sig figs? 0.0000024
the degree to which measurements agree with the expected value
the degree to which replicated measurements agree with one an…
5
2
accuaracy
the degree to which measurements agree with the expected value
preciscion
the degree to which replicated measurements agree with one an…
35 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5.1
energy levels
quantum
quantum mechanical model
atomic orbital
the fixed energies an electron can have
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
the modern description, primarily mathematical, of the behavi…
a region of space in which there is a high probability of fin…
energy levels
the fixed energies an electron can have
quantum
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
10 terms
Chemistry 5.1 Test
wavelength = distance it takes for a w…
relationship between emr's speed, wave…
relationship between the energy of a q…
atomic emmision spectrum
set of frequencies of EMRs emitted by a specific kind of atom…
wavelength = distance it takes for a w…
relationship between emr's speed, wave…
15 terms
Chemistry Assessment 1
Plasma
Solid
Liquid
Gas
hot sticky glowing super-"fluid" found in the sun and stars
The particles in this state are so tightly packed together th…
The particles in this state are free to spread out evenly int…
The particles in this state take the shape of the container i…
Plasma
hot sticky glowing super-"fluid" found in the sun and stars
Solid
The particles in this state are so tightly packed together th…
13 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1 Vocab
chemistry
substance
mass
weight
the study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
matter that has a definite composition; a.k.a. a chemical
a measure that reflects the amount of matter
a measure of the amount of gravitational pull on matter
chemistry
the study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
substance
matter that has a definite composition; a.k.a. a chemical
28 terms
Chemistry 1
The smallest piece of an element is an
A substance made up of only one type o…
This part of the atom has a negative c…
This part of the atom has no charge
An atom
An element
Electron
Neutron
The smallest piece of an element is an
An atom
A substance made up of only one type o…
An element
25 terms
Chemistry 1.1 Internal
Aim
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Control Variables
Why are you doing the experiment? "To find..." ... You will be g…
The factor you measure in an experiment
The factor that you change during an experiment
Factors in an experiment that you need to keep the same so th…
Aim
Why are you doing the experiment? "To find..." ... You will be g…
Dependent Variable
The factor you measure in an experiment
40 terms
Chemistry Definitions for chemistry 1
Hydrocarbon
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
Homologous series
An organic compound that contains only Carbons and Hydrogens
A Hydrocarbon with single bonds only
A hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon-carbon double bo…
Is an organic series with the same functional group but with…
Hydrocarbon
An organic compound that contains only Carbons and Hydrogens
Saturated Hydrocarbon
A Hydrocarbon with single bonds only
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
States of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
States of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
20 terms
Chemistry 1
volume
distance
time
temperature
liters (L)
meter (m)
seconds (s)
Celsius (C)
volume
liters (L)
distance
meter (m)
28 terms
Chemistry 1
proton
neutron
electron
atom
positive charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
neutral charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
negative charged part of the atom found in the electron cloud
smallest part of an element that has the chemical properties…
proton
positive charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
neutron
neutral charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
32 terms
Chemistry 1
Protons and neutrons are called ...
How are the protons and neutron in the…
What letter is assigned to atomic numb…
What letter is assigned to mass number?
nucleons
By strong nuclear force. It acts only over very short distanc…
Z
A
Protons and neutrons are called ...
nucleons
How are the protons and neutron in the…
By strong nuclear force. It acts only over very short distanc…
17 terms
Chemistry 1
chemistry
matter
energy
Joule
study of matter and it's relationship to energy
anything that has mass and takes up space
capacity to do work and/or transfer heat and is measured in j…
1 (kg x m^2) / (s^2)
chemistry
study of matter and it's relationship to energy
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
22 terms
Unit 1 - The Chemistry of Life
isotope
ionic bond
covalent bond
polar
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
bonds formed when electrons are shared between atoms
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
isotope
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
ionic bond
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
11 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary Week 1
Chemistry
Element
Atom
Nucleaus
The study of properties of matter and how matter changes.
is a pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other…
the basic particle from which all elements are made.
The very small center of an atom; contains the protons and ne…
Chemistry
The study of properties of matter and how matter changes.
Element
is a pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other…
11 terms
Chemistry 1
Element
Name the subatomic particles
Compounds
Law of Definite Composition
Fundamental particleswhich cannot be broken down into simpler…
Protons, electrons, neutrons
Substances that contain two or more elements
A specific compound is comprised of a specific proportion of…
Element
Fundamental particleswhich cannot be broken down into simpler…
Name the subatomic particles
Protons, electrons, neutrons
22 terms
Chemistry 1
chemistry
NaCI + H2O=
Technology
Scientific Method
Study of matter and the changes in undergoes investigate the…
solid
all processes that human use to modify materials from nature…
observation or measurement of some aspect of nature
chemistry
Study of matter and the changes in undergoes investigate the…
NaCI + H2O=
solid
10 terms
Unit 1 Chemistry
Charles' Law
Kinetic Molecular Theory
STP
atm
the volume of a given mass of gas at a constant pressure vari…
collection of rules that describe the behavior of gases
the temperature of 0°C or 273K and pressure of 1 atm
a unit of pressure... 1 atm = 760 mm of mercury, the normal forc…
Charles' Law
the volume of a given mass of gas at a constant pressure vari…
Kinetic Molecular Theory
collection of rules that describe the behavior of gases
25 terms
Chemistry 1
proton
neutron
electron
atom
positive charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
neutral charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
negative charged part of the atom found in the electron cloud
smallest part of an element that has the chemical properties…
proton
positive charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
neutron
neutral charged part of the atom found in the nucleus
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
States of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
States of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
32 terms
Branches of Chemistry - Modern Chemistry 1.1
Identify 6 Branches of Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Physical Chemistry
Inorganic, Organic, Physical, Analytical, Biochemistry, Theor…
regarding all matter except carbon-containing
regarding all carbon-containing matter
regarding energy and matter, and the properties, relationship…
Identify 6 Branches of Chemistry
Inorganic, Organic, Physical, Analytical, Biochemistry, Theor…
Inorganic Chemistry
regarding all matter except carbon-containing
24 terms
Chemistry 1
atomic number
atomic mass
electrons
protons
equal to the number of protons in an atom
made up of the protons + neutrons in an atom
negatively charged subatomic particles
positively charged subatomic particles
atomic number
equal to the number of protons in an atom
atomic mass
made up of the protons + neutrons in an atom
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