Study sets matching "chemistry 3"

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Study sets matching "chemistry 3"

Chemistry 3
State of Matter
Physical Property
Luster
Texture
A physical property that describes matter as a solid, liquid,…
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Shine
How something feels; coarse, fluffy, and smooth.
State of Matter
A physical property that describes matter as a solid, liquid,…
Physical Property
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
18 terms
Chemistry 3
Rubidium
Strontium
Palladium
Silver
Rb
Sr
Pd
Ag
Rubidium
Rb
Strontium
Sr
18 terms
Chemistry Standard 3 Vocabulary
chemical property
physical property
compound
valence electrons
the reactive nature of an element or a compound; how it behav…
The properties possessed by a substance that do not require a…
a combination of different elements that are chemically bonde…
electrons located in the outermost shell of an atom that are…
chemical property
the reactive nature of an element or a compound; how it behav…
physical property
The properties possessed by a substance that do not require a…
Chemistry 3
Law of Mass Conservation
Element
Compound
Atom
Matter cannot be created or destroyed; it can only change for…
Any substance that cannot be decomposed into lighter substanc…
A substance that can be decomposed into elements by chemical…
The smallest chemical unit of matter.
Law of Mass Conservation
Matter cannot be created or destroyed; it can only change for…
Element
Any substance that cannot be decomposed into lighter substanc…
20 terms
Chemistry 3
Hypochlorite
Chlorite
Perchlorate
Hypoiodite
ClO-
(ClO2)-
(ClO4)-
(IO)-
Hypochlorite
ClO-
Chlorite
(ClO2)-
6 terms
Chemistry 3
Conservstion of mass
Atomic number
Isotope
Mass number
Mass is neither crested or destroyed during ordinary chemical…
Number of protons of each atom of that element
Atoms of the same events that have different numbers of neutr…
Total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus ... Mass #…
Conservstion of mass
Mass is neither crested or destroyed during ordinary chemical…
Atomic number
Number of protons of each atom of that element
20 terms
3 chemistry
Nb
Mo
Tc
Ru
niobium
molybdenum
technetium
ruthenium
Nb
niobium
Mo
molybdenum
72 terms
Test #3 (Chemistry 220)
7.1 Light
Electromagnetic radiationraditation
Wave
Wavelength (λ)
7.1
Refers to light
A vibrating disturbance by which energy is transmitted
The symbol is called lambda. The distance between identical p…
7.1 Light
7.1
Electromagnetic radiationraditation
Refers to light
Chemistry 3
helium
sodium
calcium
flourine
He
Na
Ca
F
helium
He
sodium
Na
chemistry #3
Tin
Antimony
Tellurine
Iodine
Sn
Sb
Te
I
Tin
Sn
Antimony
Sb
77 terms
Chemistry 3
Maltose
Sucrose
Lactose
Monosaccharide
Glucose + glucose
Glucose + fructose
Glucose + galactose
Straight carbon chains in which each carbon atom except one c…
Maltose
Glucose + glucose
Sucrose
Glucose + fructose
10 terms
Chemistry 3
Neutral atoms must contain
Neutarl atoms of the same element
Molar mass
Average atomic mass
Equal numbers of protons and electrons
Can Differ in mass number
Is equal to the average atomic mass g/mol
Weighted average of all naturally occurring isotopes of the e…
Neutral atoms must contain
Equal numbers of protons and electrons
Neutarl atoms of the same element
Can Differ in mass number
chemistry 3
Na
Ar
K
Mg
sodium
argon
potassium
magnesium
Na
sodium
Ar
argon
10 terms
chemistry 3
group 1 name
group 2 name
reactivity down the group
stability of carbonate down the group
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
increases (e lost more easily, distance from nucleus increase…
increases (as polarisability decreases)
group 1 name
alkali metals
group 2 name
alkaline earth metals
17 terms
Chemistry 3
Alpha
Beta
Galactose
Glucose
Below ring
Above ring
down, up, up
Down,up, down
Alpha
Below ring
Beta
Above ring
Chemistry 3
Physical state
Solid
Liquid
Physics properties
Distance between particles & their relative motion determines…
Composed of matter where the particles are close together and…
Composed of matter where particles are close together but are…
Are those that can be observed or measured without changing t…
Physical state
Distance between particles & their relative motion determines…
Solid
Composed of matter where the particles are close together and…
21 terms
chemistry 3
unit of measurement and pure number
accuracy
precision
precise
two parts you must have in any measurement
how close measurement are to the correct answer
the agreement between two or more measurement
how finely divided the measurement scale is on an instrument
unit of measurement and pure number
two parts you must have in any measurement
accuracy
how close measurement are to the correct answer
71 terms
Chemistry 3
HCl (aq)
H2SO4 (aq)
H2 (g)
O2 (g)
Hydrochloric Acid... (Stomach acid)
Sulfuric Acid... (Battery acid)
Hydrogen... (Element form) (diatomic element)
Oxygen gas... (Element form) (diatomic element)
HCl (aq)
Hydrochloric Acid... (Stomach acid)
H2SO4 (aq)
Sulfuric Acid... (Battery acid)
10 terms
Chemistry #3
Fe
Ti
Co
Ni
Iron
Titanium
Cobalt
Nickel
Fe
Iron
Ti
Titanium
18 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3.3
system
energy
heat
joule
that "piece" of the universe under consideration; ex. molecul…
the ability to do work
energy transferred as a result of a temperature change; EQUAL…
used to express energy changes; a derived SI unit
system
that "piece" of the universe under consideration; ex. molecul…
energy
the ability to do work
Chemistry 3
nitrogen
oxygen
phosphorus
platinum
N
O
P
Pt
nitrogen
N
oxygen
O
Chemistry 3
N
O
P
Pt
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Phosphorus
Platinum
N
Nitrogen
O
Oxygen
19 terms
Chemistry 3
Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Compounds
Empirical Formula
Occur between metals and nonmetals. Involve the transfer of e…
Occur between two or more nonmetals. Involve the sharing of e…
Held together by atoms.
Lists the relative number of atoms of each element in a compo…
Ionic Bonds
Occur between metals and nonmetals. Involve the transfer of e…
Covalent Bonds
Occur between two or more nonmetals. Involve the sharing of e…
28 terms
Chemistry 3
Gas
Liquid
Chemical change
Physical change
An airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any s…
Having a consistency like that of water or oil, flowing freel…
Any change that results in the formation of new chemical subs…
Any change not involving a change in the substances chemical…
Gas
An airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any s…
Liquid
Having a consistency like that of water or oil, flowing freel…
Chemistry 3
Billard ball to thomson to rutherford
Visible light
Electromagnetic radiation
Repetitive nature
Evolution of the atom
A form of energy
Form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels…
Wavelike behavior =?
Billard ball to thomson to rutherford
Evolution of the atom
Visible light
A form of energy
Chemistry 3
Absolute Zero
Accepted Value
Accuracy
Calorie
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
a quantity used by general agreement of the scientific commun…
A description of how close a measurement is to the true value…
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Absolute Zero
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
Accepted Value
a quantity used by general agreement of the scientific commun…
Chemistry 3
democritus
aristotle
john dalton
law of conservation of mass
1st proposes the idea of the atom... Matter was not infinitely d…
rejected Democritus' view + atoms existed
revised Democritus' view based on new scientific research
mass is neither created nor destroyed during ordinary chemica…
democritus
1st proposes the idea of the atom... Matter was not infinitely d…
aristotle
rejected Democritus' view + atoms existed
Chemistry #3
metals
nonmetals
metalloids
alkali metals
good conductors of heat and electricity
light & nonmalleable, poor conductors of heat & electricity
has properties between metals & nonmetals
soft, gray, & light metals; can squeeze between your fingers;…
metals
good conductors of heat and electricity
nonmetals
light & nonmalleable, poor conductors of heat & electricity
10 terms
Chemistry-3
Iron
Nitrogen
Carbon
Silver
Fe
N
C
Ag
Iron
Fe
Nitrogen
N
Chemistry-3
SI
Exact Number
Measured number
Precision
System of units adopted for scientific work
Number with no uncertainty
A number that has been determined by measurement and therefor…
The agreement between two or more measure quantities
SI
System of units adopted for scientific work
Exact Number
Number with no uncertainty
23 terms
Chemistry 3 !!!:)
Qualitative measurements
Quantitative
Scientific notation
Accuracy
A measurement that gives descriptive nonnumeric results
A measurement that gives definite results usually numeric res…
Expression of numbers in the form n*10^n where n is equal to…
The closeness of a measurement to the true value of what is b…
Qualitative measurements
A measurement that gives descriptive nonnumeric results
Quantitative
A measurement that gives definite results usually numeric res…
Chemistry 3
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Phosphorus
Platinum
N
O
P
Pt
Nitrogen
N
Oxygen
O
Chemistry 3
Elecromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wave like behavior as it trave…
All electromagnetic radiation
The distance between points on a wave
The number of waves that pass a given point
Elecromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wave like behavior as it trave…
Electromagnetic spectrum
All electromagnetic radiation
Chemistry 3
In the early version of the... periodic t…
What can we say about the... elements in…
Why is the periodic table... called the "…
What was the problem with the... early pe…
In the early version of the... periodic table (by Newlands... and t…
Elements in the same group of... the periodic table have similar…
The periodic table is called the... "periodic" table because... ele…
In the early periodic table, where... elements were arranged in…
In the early version of the... periodic t…
In the early version of the... periodic table (by Newlands... and t…
What can we say about the... elements in…
Elements in the same group of... the periodic table have similar…
Chemistry #3
Fickle
Flabbergasted
Flaccid
Flagrant
Shifting in character,inconstant
Astounded
Limp,not firm or strong
Offensive, egregious
Fickle
Shifting in character,inconstant
Flabbergasted
Astounded
8 terms
Chemistry 3.1
Atomic Theory
proton
electron
neutron
All matter is made up of atoms.
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus
Negatively charged subatomic particle found outside of the nu…
Neutral subatomic particle found in the nucleus
Atomic Theory
All matter is made up of atoms.
proton
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus
63 terms
Chemistry 3
Dalton inc. the law of conservation of…
If each Adam of element D has three ma…
If 4.0 g of element a combine with 10.…
If 6.0 g of element K combined with 17…
Adams can be destroyed and chemical reaction
Eight mass units
30 g
30 g
Dalton inc. the law of conservation of…
Adams can be destroyed and chemical reaction
If each Adam of element D has three ma…
Eight mass units
Chemistry Ch 3
substance
physical property
chemical property
solid
a form of matter that has a uniform and unchanging composition
a characteristic of matter that can be observed or measured w…
the ability or inability of a substance to combine with or ch…
a form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume i…
substance
a form of matter that has a uniform and unchanging composition
physical property
a characteristic of matter that can be observed or measured w…
10 terms
Chemistry Vocab 3
Law of Conservation of Mass
Reactant
Product
Chemical Change
Mass is neither created nor destroyed
What starts a chemical reaction
What is made (produced) in a chemical reaction
Change or reaction that makes a brand new substance. Cannot b…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Mass is neither created nor destroyed
Reactant
What starts a chemical reaction
10 terms
Chemistry 3
Orbital
Paulis exclusion principle
Hunds' rule
Electromagnetic radiation
Area occupied by electrons within an energy level
No two electrons in an atom can have the same set of quantum…
One electron per orbital of equivalent energy before doubling…
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Orbital
Area occupied by electrons within an energy level
Paulis exclusion principle
No two electrons in an atom can have the same set of quantum…
chemistry 3
macromolecule
micromolecule
Exothermic
Endothermic
A macromolecule is a very large molecule commonly created by…
molecule (as of an amino acid or a fatty acid) of relatively…
formed from its constituent elements with a net release of he…
accompanied by or requiring the absorption of heat.
macromolecule
A macromolecule is a very large molecule commonly created by…
micromolecule
molecule (as of an amino acid or a fatty acid) of relatively…
Chemistry 3
alpha radiation
beta radiation
Gamma radiation
isotopes
deflected toward the negatively charged plate
defects toward the positively charged plate
is high energy radiation that possesses no mass
atoms with the same number of protons but different number of…
alpha radiation
deflected toward the negatively charged plate
beta radiation
defects toward the positively charged plate
8 terms
Chemistry 3
Melting
Freezing
Vaporization
Pressure
A change from a solid state of matter to a liquid
The change from a liquid state to a solid state of matter.
A change from a liquid to a gas state of matter.
Equal to the force exerted on a surface divided by the total…
Melting
A change from a solid state of matter to a liquid
Freezing
The change from a liquid state to a solid state of matter.
112 terms
Chemistry 3
Chemical change
Chemical property
Chemical reaction
Chemical symbol
A usually irrelevant chemical reaction involving the rearrang…
A property or a characteristic of a substance that is observe…
A process that involves changes in structure and engery conte…
An aberration or short representation of a chemical element…
Chemical change
A usually irrelevant chemical reaction involving the rearrang…
Chemical property
A property or a characteristic of a substance that is observe…
33 terms
Q3 Chemistry: Intro to Organic Chemistry
carbon
drugs
linen
formaldehyde
Organic compounds always contain this.
Carbs, lipids, proteins, hormones, enzymes, and many of these…
Wool, silk, cotton, and this are organic.
Soaps, detergents, plastic, gasoline, Lysol, alcohol, and eve…
carbon
Organic compounds always contain this.
drugs
Carbs, lipids, proteins, hormones, enzymes, and many of these…
Chemistry #3
Kinetic Theory
Kinetic Theory
Kinetic theory
Particles in a solid
All matter is made of atoms and molecules that act like tiny…
Particles are always in motion. The high the temperature of a…
At the same temperature, more massive particles move slower t…
In a fixed position, vibrate
Kinetic Theory
All matter is made of atoms and molecules that act like tiny…
Kinetic Theory
Particles are always in motion. The high the temperature of a…
23 terms
Chemistry 3
measurement
dimension
unit
scale
act of comparing an unknown quantity to a standard unit
any measurable property of the physical universe
a label such as "inches" or "meters", used to specify the ter…
a means of measuring. a scale is subdivided into measuring un…
measurement
act of comparing an unknown quantity to a standard unit
dimension
any measurable property of the physical universe
27 terms
CHEMISTRY 3
solution
solvent
solute
soluble
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in a single p…
the dissolving medium in a solution
the substance dissolve in a solution
capable of dissolved
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in a single p…
solvent
the dissolving medium in a solution
35 terms
Chemistry 3
Democritus
Dalton
True
False, atoms of the same element are t…
First person to state that matter is composed of tiny particl…
Proved that atoms existed, had evidence
Dalton's atomic theory T/F: matter is composed of tiny partic…
Dalton's atomic theory T/F: Atoms of the same element are the…
Democritus
First person to state that matter is composed of tiny particl…
Dalton
Proved that atoms existed, had evidence
Chemistry Chapter 3
Accuracy
Precision
Error
Percent error
A measure of how close a measurement is to the true value of…
A measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
The difference between the experimental value and the accepte…
The absolute value of the error divided by the accepted value
Accuracy
A measure of how close a measurement is to the true value of…
Precision
A measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
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