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165 terms
Chemistry 3
In a redox reaction, the oxidizing age…
What is the oxidation state of oxygen…
What is the oxidation state of Hydroge…
what element has the highest priority…
it is also being reduced, because it is picking up electrons
-1
-1
Fluorine is always -1
In a redox reaction, the oxidizing age…
it is also being reduced, because it is picking up electrons
What is the oxidation state of oxygen…
-1
18 terms
Chemistry Standard 3 Vocabulary
chemical property
physical property
compound
valence electrons
the reactive nature of an element or a compound; how it behav…
The properties possessed by a substance that do not require a…
a combination of different elements that are chemically bonde…
electrons located in the outermost shell of an atom that are…
chemical property
the reactive nature of an element or a compound; how it behav…
physical property
The properties possessed by a substance that do not require a…
16 terms
Chemistry 3
Matter
solid
liquid
gas
the "stuff" of which the universe is composed. Has mass and o…
rigid; has a fixed shape and volume
has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container
has no fixed volume or shape; takes the shape and volume of i…
Matter
the "stuff" of which the universe is composed. Has mass and o…
solid
rigid; has a fixed shape and volume
13 terms
Chemistry 3.3 Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory
When are ideal gas assumptions good
STP (standard temperature and pressure…
Characteristics of Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory:... Important points: The ideal gas ass…
Ideal gas assumptions are not always good assumptions. But th…
1 atm and 0 degrees celcius (273 kelvin)... - these are consider…
Characteristics of Gases:... Volume (V): liters (L) 1000L=1m^3…
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Kinetic Molecular Theory:... Important points: The ideal gas ass…
When are ideal gas assumptions good
Ideal gas assumptions are not always good assumptions. But th…
13 terms
Unit 3 Solution Chemistry
solubility
dissociation
saturated
unsaturated
A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent…
the separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
a solution that is unable to dissolve any more solute at a gi…
a solution that can dissolve more solute at a given temperature
solubility
A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent…
dissociation
the separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
25 terms
Chemistry 3
Erosion
Evaporation
Equilibrium
Experimental variables
Wearing awat, typically by running water or wind
The changing of liquid into gas
a state of balance
Elements of an experiment that are changed ( distinguished fr…
Erosion
Wearing awat, typically by running water or wind
Evaporation
The changing of liquid into gas
73 terms
AQA Chemistry C3
Who first attempted the elements of th…
How did Newlands and Mendeleev arrange…
Describe Newlands' periodic table
Describe Mendeleev's periodic table
Newlands, Mendeleev
by arranging them in order of their atomic mass
→ elements arranged in order of atomic mass... → recognised ever…
→ elements arranged in order of atomic mass... → recognised phys…
Who first attempted the elements of th…
Newlands, Mendeleev
How did Newlands and Mendeleev arrange…
by arranging them in order of their atomic mass
14 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
The law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Law of Conservation of Mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
Law of Definite Proportions
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
22 terms
Chemistry 3
Alcohol poising and cirrhosid of the l…
Cirrhosis of the liver
CH3COOH
H2SO4
What drinking excessively can cause
Scarring of the liver as a result of continuous long term liv…
Ethanoic acid
Sulfuric acid
Alcohol poising and cirrhosid of the l…
What drinking excessively can cause
Cirrhosis of the liver
Scarring of the liver as a result of continuous long term liv…
8 terms
Chemistry 3.1
Atomic Theory
proton
electron
neutron
All matter is made up of atoms.
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus
Negatively charged subatomic particle found outside of the nu…
Neutral subatomic particle found in the nucleus
Atomic Theory
All matter is made up of atoms.
proton
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus
10 terms
Chemistry Vocab 3
Law of Conservation of Mass
Reactant
Product
Chemical Change
Mass is neither created nor destroyed
What starts a chemical reaction
What is made (produced) in a chemical reaction
Change or reaction that makes a brand new substance. Cannot b…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Mass is neither created nor destroyed
Reactant
What starts a chemical reaction
19 terms
Chemistry Ch 3
substance
physical property
chemical property
solid
a form of matter that has a uniform and unchanging composition
a characteristic of matter that can be observed or measured w…
the ability or inability of a substance to combine with or ch…
a form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume i…
substance
a form of matter that has a uniform and unchanging composition
physical property
a characteristic of matter that can be observed or measured w…
28 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
all matter that exists naturally on earth can be classified a…
definite shape and volume
definite volume, takes shape of container
fills volume of container and conforms to shape of container
states of matter
all matter that exists naturally on earth can be classified a…
solid
definite shape and volume
11 terms
Chemistry 3
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel
Copper
Fe
Co
Ni
Cu
Iron
Fe
Cobalt
Co
10 terms
Chemistry 3
-er
eu-
ex-
con-
wander; go astray
well; good
out of
with; together
-er
wander; go astray
eu-
well; good
Topic 3 Nuclear Chemistry
Alpha radiation
Beta radiation
Gamma radiation
Half-life
A type of ionizing radiation consisting of helium nuclei.
A type of ionizing radiation consisting of fast moving electr…
A type of ionizing radiation consisting of high=energy photons.
The time required by one-half of the nuclei of a radioisotope…
Alpha radiation
A type of ionizing radiation consisting of helium nuclei.
Beta radiation
A type of ionizing radiation consisting of fast moving electr…
5 terms
Chemistry 3
Metals Location
Metal Characteristics
Nonmetals Location
Nonmetal Characteristics
To the left of the zig-zag. [Hydrogen is a metal]
Luster, Malleable, Ductile, good conductors of heat and elect…
To the right of the zig-zag.
Lack luster, brittle, poor heat and electricity conductors, h…
Metals Location
To the left of the zig-zag. [Hydrogen is a metal]
Metal Characteristics
Luster, Malleable, Ductile, good conductors of heat and elect…
16 terms
Chemistry 3
in to cm
m to in
oz to g
lb to g
1in = 2.54cm
1m = 39.37in
1oz = 28.35g
1lb = 454g
in to cm
1in = 2.54cm
m to in
1m = 39.37in
33 terms
Q3 Chemistry: Intro to Organic Chemistry
carbon
drugs
linen
formaldehyde
Organic compounds always contain this.
Carbs, lipids, proteins, hormones, enzymes, and many of these…
Wool, silk, cotton, and this are organic.
Soaps, detergents, plastic, gasoline, Lysol, alcohol, and eve…
carbon
Organic compounds always contain this.
drugs
Carbs, lipids, proteins, hormones, enzymes, and many of these…
10 terms
Chemistry Vocab Chunk 3
chemical formula
chemical change
subscript
dissolve
a way of describing the number of atoms that make up one mole…
change that results in the formation of new substances (examp…
small number to the bottom right of an element's symbol in a…
molecules of a solid become suspended in a liquid (example: k…
chemical formula
a way of describing the number of atoms that make up one mole…
chemical change
change that results in the formation of new substances (examp…
11 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3
Accuracy
Precision
Error
Percent error
A measure of how close a measurement is to the true value of…
A measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
The difference between the experimental value and the accepte…
The absolute value of the error divided by the accepted value
Accuracy
A measure of how close a measurement is to the true value of…
Precision
A measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
27 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3: Atoms & Moles
law of definite proportions
law of conservation of mass
law of multiple proportions
John Dalton
the law stating that a chemical compound ALWAYS has the same…
the law stating that mass CANNOT be created or destroyed by o…
the law stating that when 2 elements combine to create 2 or m…
developed an atomic theory that a few kinds of atoms made up…
law of definite proportions
the law stating that a chemical compound ALWAYS has the same…
law of conservation of mass
the law stating that mass CANNOT be created or destroyed by o…
87 terms
Chemistry 3
A compound of hydrogen, carbon, and ox…
Simple Sugar
A five carbon sugar molecule
A six carbon sugar molecule
Carbohydrate
Monosacchride
Pentose
Hexose
A compound of hydrogen, carbon, and ox…
Carbohydrate
Simple Sugar
Monosacchride
53 terms
3 chemistry
Idea
Theory
Hypothesis
Law
Not necessary to have evidence
Has evidence and requires experiments
Educated guess or testable statement
States facts and doesn't explain
Idea
Not necessary to have evidence
Theory
Has evidence and requires experiments
29 terms
Ch. 3 Chemistry of Life
atom
element
valence electron
compound
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
12 terms
Chemistry 3
Democritus
Dalton's Atomic Theory
John Thompson
Robert A. Millikan
A greek thinker who had the idea of the atom and that it was…
1. All matter is composed of extremely small particles called…
Did an experiment using a cathode ray tube, where he found ou…
Did the oil drop experiment, where he was able to levitate a…
Democritus
A greek thinker who had the idea of the atom and that it was…
Dalton's Atomic Theory
1. All matter is composed of extremely small particles called…
28 terms
Chemistry 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
the physical forms in which in which all matter naturally exi…
a form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume
a form of matter that flows, has constant volume, and takes t…
a form of matter that not only flows to conform to the shape…
states of matter
the physical forms in which in which all matter naturally exi…
solid
a form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume
Chemistry 3
dimitry mendeleev
henry g.j. mosly
atomic number
pereodic law
this person created the first periodic table
this person created the modern periodic table
elements on the pereodic table are arranged by
physical and chemical properties that recur in a systematic m…
dimitry mendeleev
this person created the first periodic table
henry g.j. mosly
this person created the modern periodic table
43 terms
Chemistry 3
Protons neutrons electrons nucleus
Atoma
Protons
Neutrons
General structure of a atom
Indivisble
Postive charge, mass 1, found in nucleus
0 (+),mass 1, found in nucleus
Protons neutrons electrons nucleus
General structure of a atom
Atoma
Indivisble
Chemistry 3
measurement
accuracy
precision
experimental value
a quantity that has both a number and a unit
is a measure of how close a measurement come to the actual or…
a measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
the value measured in the lab
measurement
a quantity that has both a number and a unit
accuracy
is a measure of how close a measurement come to the actual or…
Chemistry 3
Plutonium
Potassium
Radium
Radon
Pu
K
Ra
Rn
Plutonium
Pu
Potassium
K
31 terms
Organic Chemistry Ch. 3
Alkanes
Saturated
Isobutane
neopentane
All C-C bonds saturated with hydrogens
4 single bonds with octet
"isomer of butane" (also isohexane, isopentane, etc.)
most highly branched
Alkanes
All C-C bonds saturated with hydrogens
Saturated
4 single bonds with octet
19 terms
Chemistry 3
Hydrogen
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
H+
Li+
Na+
K+
Hydrogen
H+
Lithium
Li+
33 terms
Chemistry #3
atom
Daltons atomic theory
electrons
cathode-ray
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
the first theory to relate chemical changes to events at the…
negatively charged sub-atomic particles
a stream of electrons produced at the negative electrode of a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Daltons atomic theory
the first theory to relate chemical changes to events at the…
5 terms
Chemistry 3
JJ Thompson
Plum pudding model
Ernest Rutherford
Bohr
(1897-english) showed the atoms of any metal can be made to e…
(Lord Kelvin) atom made of a positively charged material with…
(1911) known for work with you radio activity. Spontaneous em…
(1915) electrons move in definite orbits around the nucleus.…
JJ Thompson
(1897-english) showed the atoms of any metal can be made to e…
Plum pudding model
(Lord Kelvin) atom made of a positively charged material with…
Chemistry 3
Dmitri Mendeleev
Term periodic
Periodic Law
Periodic Table
Credited with organizing the Periodic Table
Refers to when elements are arranged in order of increasing a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
An arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbe…
Dmitri Mendeleev
Credited with organizing the Periodic Table
Term periodic
Refers to when elements are arranged in order of increasing a…
18 terms
Chemistry 3
Rubidium
Strontium
Palladium
Silver
Rb
Sr
Pd
Ag
Rubidium
Rb
Strontium
Sr
15 terms
Chemistry 3
Sb
Te
I
Xe
Antimony
Tellurium
Iodine
Xenon
Sb
Antimony
Te
Tellurium
19 terms
Chemistry 3
Aufbau Principle
Pauli Exclusion Principle
Hund's Rule
Dmitri Mandeleev
Electrons enter orbitals of lowest energy first ... S<p<d<f
An orbital may hold no more than 2 electrons and they must ha…
When electrons occupy orbitals of equal energy, one e- enters…
Arranged the elements according to increasing atomic mass
Aufbau Principle
Electrons enter orbitals of lowest energy first ... S<p<d<f
Pauli Exclusion Principle
An orbital may hold no more than 2 electrons and they must ha…
28 terms
Chemistry 3
ionic compounds
when a metal gives up one or more elec…
cations
anions
consist of metals and nonmetals
how do ionic bonds form
positive ions
negative ions
ionic compounds
consist of metals and nonmetals
when a metal gives up one or more elec…
how do ionic bonds form
26 terms
C3.6 Organic Chemistry
Functional group in an alcohol
Functional group in an ester
Functional group in a carboxylic acid
Uses of alcohols
-OH
-COO-
-COOH
fuels and solvents
Functional group in an alcohol
-OH
Functional group in an ester
-COO-
18 terms
chemistry 3
democritus
dalton
thomson
millikan
-believed atoms were indivisible and indestructible... -it agree…
-all elements are composed of atoms... -atoms of the same elemen…
-used cathode ray tube to deduce presence of negativity charg…
determined mass of electron by oil drop experiment
democritus
-believed atoms were indivisible and indestructible... -it agree…
dalton
-all elements are composed of atoms... -atoms of the same elemen…
21 terms
chemistry #3
Tin
Antimony
Tellurine
Iodine
Sn
Sb
Te
I
Tin
Sn
Antimony
Sb
49 terms
Chemistry 3
Aristotle
Democritus
Antoine Lavoisier
John Dalton
Ancient Greece; philospher;believed everything was made out o…
400 B.C. First person to suggest everything was made from sma…
Pick up on Democritus and proposed The Law of Conservation of…
Proposed the first Atomic Theory 1808
Aristotle
Ancient Greece; philospher;believed everything was made out o…
Democritus
400 B.C. First person to suggest everything was made from sma…
32 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3
atom
electron
proton
nuetron
smallest unit of matter that can be considered an element
subatomic particle with a negative charge
a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A small particle in the nucleus the atom with no electrical c…
atom
smallest unit of matter that can be considered an element
electron
subatomic particle with a negative charge
25 terms
Chemistry 3
Measurement
Scientific Notation
Accuracy
Precision
Quantitive observation
M X10n (coefficient * 10 with exponent)
Refers to the agreement of a particular value with the accept…
Refers to the degree of agreement among several measurements…
Measurement
Quantitive observation
Scientific Notation
M X10n (coefficient * 10 with exponent)
10 terms
chemistry 3
Sc
Ti
V
Cr
scandium
titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Sc
scandium
Ti
titanium
17 terms
Chemistry 3
Alpha
Beta
Galactose
Glucose
Below ring
Above ring
down, up, up
Down,up, down
Alpha
Below ring
Beta
Above ring
29 terms
Chemistry 3
Oxidation Number
Oxidation State
Oxidising Agent
Pi bond
A measure of the number of electrons that an atom uses to bin…
Oxidation number
A reagent that oxidises (takes electrons from) another species
A bond formed by the sideways overlap of two p orbitals, cont…
Oxidation Number
A measure of the number of electrons that an atom uses to bin…
Oxidation State
Oxidation number
27 terms
Chemistry 3
States of matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Solid, liquid, gas, plasma
A form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume,…
A form of matter that flows, has constant volume, and takes t…
A form of matter that flows to conform to the shape of its co…
States of matter
Solid, liquid, gas, plasma
Solid
A form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume,…
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