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10 terms
chemistry 3
Manganese
Mercury
Molybdenum
Neon
Mn
Hg
Mo
Ne
Manganese
Mn
Mercury
Hg
10 terms
Chemistry 3
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Sc
Ti
V
Cr
Scandium
Sc
Titanium
Ti
18 terms
Chemistry 3
(T/F) Dalon's atomc theory includes a…
Daltons theory states that atoms have…
J. J. Thomson is credited for the "oil…
The mass of an electron is equal to th…
True
False
False
False
(T/F) Dalon's atomc theory includes a…
True
Daltons theory states that atoms have…
False
14 terms
Chemistry 3
Barometer
Manometer
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
To measure atmospheric pressure
To measure the pressure of gases other than atmosphere
Volume of gas is indirectly proportional to pressure of gas a…
Volume of gas is directly proportional to absolute temperatur…
Barometer
To measure atmospheric pressure
Manometer
To measure the pressure of gases other than atmosphere
16 terms
C3 Organic Chemistry
Functional group of an alcohol
Functional group of a carboxylic acid
Name of first alcohol in the homologou…
Structural formula for the second alco…
OH
COOH
Methanol
CH₃CH₂OH
Functional group of an alcohol
OH
Functional group of a carboxylic acid
COOH
22 terms
3. Chemistry
Sodium (S), Chlorine (Cl), Iodine (I),…
ATOM
SUBatomic particles
Electrons, Neutrons, Protons
Trace elements are found in very small amounts but are still…
Is smaller than a molecule
Atoms are composed of ______________
What are the main subatomic particles in atoms?
Sodium (S), Chlorine (Cl), Iodine (I),…
Trace elements are found in very small amounts but are still…
ATOM
Is smaller than a molecule
40 terms
Chemistry #3
metals
nonmetals
metalloids
alkali metals
good conductors of heat and electricity
light & nonmalleable, poor conductors of heat & electricity
has properties between metals & nonmetals
soft, gray, & light metals; can squeeze between your fingers;…
metals
good conductors of heat and electricity
nonmetals
light & nonmalleable, poor conductors of heat & electricity
47 terms
Chemistry 3.4 definitions
Absolute zero
Atomic radius
Bond energy
Celsius
0 K. The temperature where all matter stops moving.
Half the distance between two bonded atoms
Bond dissociation energy - the energy required to separate at…
Everyday scale used to measure temperature.
Absolute zero
0 K. The temperature where all matter stops moving.
Atomic radius
Half the distance between two bonded atoms
20 terms
Chemistry #3
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Cobalt
Sc
Ti
V
Co
Scandium
Sc
Titanium
Ti
30 terms
Chemistry 3
measurement
dimension
unit
scale
act of comparing an unknown quantity to a standard unit
measurable qualities of an object
a standard of measurement
dimensional units are lined up... means of measuring
measurement
act of comparing an unknown quantity to a standard unit
dimension
measurable qualities of an object
10 terms
Chemistry Vocab #3
Reactant
Product
Yield
Chemical Formula
The chemical compounds on the LEFT side of a chemical equatio…
The chemical compounds on the RIGHT side of a chemical equati…
The term used in chemistry when reacts combine in a chemical…
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
Reactant
The chemical compounds on the LEFT side of a chemical equatio…
Product
The chemical compounds on the RIGHT side of a chemical equati…
44 terms
Chemistry Module 3
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
Proton
Chemical compound contains the same element in exactly the sa…
If two or more different compounds are composed of the same t…
Smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical ident…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Law of Definite Proportions
Chemical compound contains the same element in exactly the sa…
Law of Multiple Proportions
If two or more different compounds are composed of the same t…
20 terms
3 chemistry
Nb
Mo
Tc
Ru
niobium
molybdenum
technetium
ruthenium
Nb
niobium
Mo
molybdenum
6 terms
Chemistry 3
Question 1... Compared to microtechnolog…
Which of the following images could de…
Question 5... Oxygen atoms are used to m…
Question 24... ... Which of the following b…
...
...
...
...
Question 1... Compared to microtechnolog…
...
Which of the following images could de…
...
19 terms
Chemistry 3
helium
sodium
calcium
flourine
He
Na
Ca
F
helium
He
sodium
Na
20 terms
Chemistry 3
Hypochlorite
Chlorite
Perchlorate
Hypoiodite
ClO-
(ClO2)-
(ClO4)-
(IO)-
Hypochlorite
ClO-
Chlorite
(ClO2)-
10 terms
Chemistry 3
Neutral atoms must contain
Neutarl atoms of the same element
Molar mass
Average atomic mass
Equal numbers of protons and electrons
Can Differ in mass number
Is equal to the average atomic mass g/mol
Weighted average of all naturally occurring isotopes of the e…
Neutral atoms must contain
Equal numbers of protons and electrons
Neutarl atoms of the same element
Can Differ in mass number
40 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1-3 Chemistry Basics
matter
substance
solid, liquid, gas
solid
mass and takes place
matter that has a unique composition
three of the four states of matter
fixed shape and volume
matter
mass and takes place
substance
matter that has a unique composition
77 terms
Chemistry 3
Maltose
Sucrose
Lactose
Monosaccharide
Glucose + glucose
Glucose + fructose
Glucose + galactose
Straight carbon chains in which each carbon atom except one c…
Maltose
Glucose + glucose
Sucrose
Glucose + fructose
10 terms
chemistry 3
Na
Ar
K
Mg
sodium
argon
potassium
magnesium
Na
sodium
Ar
argon
48 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3 Combined
mixture
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
solution
a physical blend of two or more pure substances in any propor…
one that does not have a uniform composition and in which the…
one that has uniform composition throughout and always has a…
a uniform mixture that can contain solids, liquids, or gases;…
mixture
a physical blend of two or more pure substances in any propor…
heterogeneous mixture
one that does not have a uniform composition and in which the…
10 terms
chemistry 3
group 1 name
group 2 name
reactivity down the group
stability of carbonate down the group
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
increases (e lost more easily, distance from nucleus increase…
increases (as polarisability decreases)
group 1 name
alkali metals
group 2 name
alkaline earth metals
13 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1 Lesson 1-3
physical science
matter
mass
chemistry
the study of matter and energy
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of material an object has
the study of matter and how it changes
physical science
the study of matter and energy
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
14 terms
chemistry 3
law of conversion of mass
law of definite proportions
law of multiple proportions
atom
states that mass us neither created kr destroyed during ordin…
the fact that a chemical compound contains the same elements…
if two or more different compounds are composed of the same t…
the smallest particle of an element that retains the chemical…
law of conversion of mass
states that mass us neither created kr destroyed during ordin…
law of definite proportions
the fact that a chemical compound contains the same elements…
138 terms
Chemistry 3
Qualitative
Quantitative
Sodium hydroxide
White precipitate
Tells you what is present
Tells you how much is present
Testing for positive ions without the flame test
Made when calcium is added to sodium hydroxide
Qualitative
Tells you what is present
Quantitative
Tells you how much is present
21 terms
chemistry 3
unit of measurement and pure number
accuracy
precision
precise
two parts you must have in any measurement
how close measurement are to the correct answer
the agreement between two or more measurement
how finely divided the measurement scale is on an instrument
unit of measurement and pure number
two parts you must have in any measurement
accuracy
how close measurement are to the correct answer
10 terms
Chemistry #3
Fe
Ti
Co
Ni
Iron
Titanium
Cobalt
Nickel
Fe
Iron
Ti
Titanium
23 terms
Chemistry 3
law of conservation of mass
law of definite proportions
law of multiple proportions
derived unit
states that mass cannot be created or destroyed in ordinary c…
states that a chemical compound always contains the same elem…
states that when two elements combine to form two or more com…
a unit of measure that is a combination of other measurements.
law of conservation of mass
states that mass cannot be created or destroyed in ordinary c…
law of definite proportions
states that a chemical compound always contains the same elem…
12 terms
Chemistry test 3
three characteristics of ionic
three more characteristics of ionic
three characteristics of covalent
three more characteristics of covalent
high melting point, electrons taken or given up,conducts elec…
bonds are brittle,dissolves in water,needs other ... elements of…
low melting point,electrons shared,does not conduct electrici…
bonds are flexible and strong,insoluble in water,often shares…
three characteristics of ionic
high melting point, electrons taken or given up,conducts elec…
three more characteristics of ionic
bonds are brittle,dissolves in water,needs other ... elements of…
20 terms
Chemistry 3
J.J. Thomson
Robert Millikan
James
Ernest Rutherford's gold foil experiment
discovered the electron using cathode ray tube. Created plum…
Discovered the proton had a positive charge using a cathode t…
discovered the presence of the neutron with no charge in 1939
Atoms are mostly empty space, there is a tiny, positive charg…
J.J. Thomson
discovered the electron using cathode ray tube. Created plum…
Robert Millikan
Discovered the proton had a positive charge using a cathode t…
17 terms
Chemistry 3
Fe
Kr
La
Pb
Iron
Krypton
Lanthanum
Lead
Fe
Iron
Kr
Krypton
71 terms
Chemistry 3
HCl (aq)
H2SO4 (aq)
H2 (g)
O2 (g)
Hydrochloric Acid... (Stomach acid)
Sulfuric Acid... (Battery acid)
Hydrogen... (Element form) (diatomic element)
Oxygen gas... (Element form) (diatomic element)
HCl (aq)
Hydrochloric Acid... (Stomach acid)
H2SO4 (aq)
Sulfuric Acid... (Battery acid)
23 terms
Chemistry 3
Physical state
Solid
Liquid
Physics properties
Distance between particles & their relative motion determines…
Composed of matter where the particles are close together and…
Composed of matter where particles are close together but are…
Are those that can be observed or measured without changing t…
Physical state
Distance between particles & their relative motion determines…
Solid
Composed of matter where the particles are close together and…
96 terms
chemistry 3
In the early version of the... periodic t…
What can we say about the... elements in…
Why is the periodic table... called the "…
What was the problem with the... early pe…
In the early version of the... periodic table (by Newlands... and t…
Elements in the same group of... the periodic table have similar…
The periodic table is called the... "periodic" table because... ele…
In the early periodic table, where... elements were arranged in…
In the early version of the... periodic t…
In the early version of the... periodic table (by Newlands... and t…
What can we say about the... elements in…
Elements in the same group of... the periodic table have similar…
19 terms
Chemistry 3
Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Compounds
Empirical Formula
Occur between metals and nonmetals. Involve the transfer of e…
Occur between two or more nonmetals. Involve the sharing of e…
Held together by atoms.
Lists the relative number of atoms of each element in a compo…
Ionic Bonds
Occur between metals and nonmetals. Involve the transfer of e…
Covalent Bonds
Occur between two or more nonmetals. Involve the sharing of e…
16 terms
Chemistry 3
nitrogen
oxygen
phosphorus
platinum
N
O
P
Pt
nitrogen
N
oxygen
O
32 terms
Chemistry 3
Billard ball to thomson to rutherford
Visible light
Electromagnetic radiation
Repetitive nature
Evolution of the atom
A form of energy
Form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels…
Wavelike behavior =?
Billard ball to thomson to rutherford
Evolution of the atom
Visible light
A form of energy
9 terms
Carbon Chemistry Chap. 3
organic compound
carbon bonding
graphite
diamonds
a chemical compound that contains carbon atoms usually bonded…
when carbon atoms become more chemically stable
carbon atoms that form sheets that can slide over one another…
the carbon atoms bond together in a rigid and orderly structure
organic compound
a chemical compound that contains carbon atoms usually bonded…
carbon bonding
when carbon atoms become more chemically stable
25 terms
Chemistry 3
Absolute Zero
Accepted Value
Accuracy
Calorie
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
a quantity used by general agreement of the scientific commun…
A description of how close a measurement is to the true value…
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Absolute Zero
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
Accepted Value
a quantity used by general agreement of the scientific commun…
30 terms
Chemistry 3
democritus
aristotle
john dalton
law of conservation of mass
1st proposes the idea of the atom... Matter was not infinitely d…
rejected Democritus' view + atoms existed
revised Democritus' view based on new scientific research
mass is neither created nor destroyed during ordinary chemica…
democritus
1st proposes the idea of the atom... Matter was not infinitely d…
aristotle
rejected Democritus' view + atoms existed
28 terms
Chemistry 3
Gas
Liquid
Chemical change
Physical change
An airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any s…
Having a consistency like that of water or oil, flowing freel…
Any change that results in the formation of new chemical subs…
Any change not involving a change in the substances chemical…
Gas
An airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any s…
Liquid
Having a consistency like that of water or oil, flowing freel…
10 terms
Chemistry-3
Iron
Nitrogen
Carbon
Silver
Fe
N
C
Ag
Iron
Fe
Nitrogen
N
12 terms
Organic Chemistry Exam 3
Acid Chloride to Anhydride
Acid Chloride to Carboxylic Acid
Anhydride to Amide
Fischer Esterification
(Carboxylic Acid to Ester)
Acid Chloride to Anhydride
Acid Chloride to Carboxylic Acid
Chemistry-3
SI
Exact Number
Measured number
Precision
System of units adopted for scientific work
Number with no uncertainty
A number that has been determined by measurement and therefor…
The agreement between two or more measure quantities
SI
System of units adopted for scientific work
Exact Number
Number with no uncertainty
62 terms
Chemistry - 3
Crude oil
Fossil fuels
Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbon
Toxic and highly flammable
Crude oil... Natural gas... Coal
Methane and ethene
A compound which only contains hydrogen and carbon
Crude oil
Toxic and highly flammable
Fossil fuels
Crude oil... Natural gas... Coal
18 terms
Ch. 3 Chemistry
measurement
dimension
unit
scale
(pg. 49) the act of comparing an unknown quantity to a standa…
(pg. 49) any measurable property of the physical universe, ex…
(pg. 49) a label, such as "inches" or "meters," used to speci…
(pg. 49) a means of measuring, a scale is subdivided into mea…
measurement
(pg. 49) the act of comparing an unknown quantity to a standa…
dimension
(pg. 49) any measurable property of the physical universe, ex…
33 terms
Chemistry Unit 3 Terminology
Heisenburg Uncertainty Principle
photoelectric effect
Lewis DeBroglie
Erwin Schrodinger
states that it is not possible to determine the location and…
energy is given off when light strikes a metal object
stated that electrons behave as waves instead of particles an…
Used the hypothesis that electrons have both ... wave and partic…
Heisenburg Uncertainty Principle
states that it is not possible to determine the location and…
photoelectric effect
energy is given off when light strikes a metal object
16 terms
Chemistry 3
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Phosphorus
Platinum
N
O
P
Pt
Nitrogen
N
Oxygen
O
30 terms
Chemistry 3
Elecromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wave like behavior as it trave…
All electromagnetic radiation
The distance between points on a wave
The number of waves that pass a given point
Elecromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wave like behavior as it trave…
Electromagnetic spectrum
All electromagnetic radiation
23 terms
Chemistry 3 !!!:)
Qualitative measurements
Quantitative
Scientific notation
Accuracy
A measurement that gives descriptive nonnumeric results
A measurement that gives definite results usually numeric res…
Expression of numbers in the form n*10^n where n is equal to…
The closeness of a measurement to the true value of what is b…
Qualitative measurements
A measurement that gives descriptive nonnumeric results
Quantitative
A measurement that gives definite results usually numeric res…
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