Study sets matching "chemistry 3"

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Study sets matching "chemistry 3"

17 terms
Chemistry 3
Alpha
Beta
Galactose
Glucose
Below ring
Above ring
down, up, up
Down,up, down
Alpha
Below ring
Beta
Above ring
29 terms
Chemistry 3
Oxidation Number
Oxidation State
Oxidising Agent
Pi bond
A measure of the number of electrons that an atom uses to bin…
Oxidation number
A reagent that oxidises (takes electrons from) another species
A bond formed by the sideways overlap of two p orbitals, cont…
Oxidation Number
A measure of the number of electrons that an atom uses to bin…
Oxidation State
Oxidation number
Topic 3 Nuclear Chemistry
Alpha radiation
Beta radiation
Gamma radiation
Half-life
A type of ionizing radiation consisting of helium nuclei.
A type of ionizing radiation consisting of fast moving electr…
A type of ionizing radiation consisting of high=energy photons.
The time required by one-half of the nuclei of a radioisotope…
Alpha radiation
A type of ionizing radiation consisting of helium nuclei.
Beta radiation
A type of ionizing radiation consisting of fast moving electr…
33 terms
Q3 Chemistry: Intro to Organic Chemistry
carbon
drugs
linen
formaldehyde
Organic compounds always contain this.
Carbs, lipids, proteins, hormones, enzymes, and many of these…
Wool, silk, cotton, and this are organic.
Soaps, detergents, plastic, gasoline, Lysol, alcohol, and eve…
carbon
Organic compounds always contain this.
drugs
Carbs, lipids, proteins, hormones, enzymes, and many of these…
Chemistry #3
metals
nonmetals
metalloids
alkali metals
good conductors of heat and electricity
light & nonmalleable, poor conductors of heat & electricity
has properties between metals & nonmetals
soft, gray, & light metals; can squeeze between your fingers;…
metals
good conductors of heat and electricity
nonmetals
light & nonmalleable, poor conductors of heat & electricity
Chemistry #3
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Cobalt
Sc
Ti
V
Co
Scandium
Sc
Titanium
Ti
10 terms
Chemistry Vocab Chunk 3
chemical formula
chemical change
subscript
dissolve
a way of describing the number of atoms that make up one mole…
change that results in the formation of new substances (examp…
small number to the bottom right of an element's symbol in a…
molecules of a solid become suspended in a liquid (example: k…
chemical formula
a way of describing the number of atoms that make up one mole…
chemical change
change that results in the formation of new substances (examp…
16 terms
C3 Organic Chemistry
Functional group of an alcohol
Functional group of a carboxylic acid
Name of first alcohol in the homologou…
Structural formula for the second alco…
OH
COOH
Methanol
CH₃CH₂OH
Functional group of an alcohol
OH
Functional group of a carboxylic acid
COOH
6 terms
Chemistry 3
Question 1... Compared to microtechnolog…
Which of the following images could de…
Question 5... Oxygen atoms are used to m…
Question 24... ... Which of the following b…
...
...
...
...
Question 1... Compared to microtechnolog…
...
Which of the following images could de…
...
32 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3
atom
electron
proton
nuetron
smallest unit of matter that can be considered an element
subatomic particle with a negative charge
a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A small particle in the nucleus the atom with no electrical c…
atom
smallest unit of matter that can be considered an element
electron
subatomic particle with a negative charge
Chemistry Chapter 3
Accuracy
Precision
Error
Percent error
A measure of how close a measurement is to the true value of…
A measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
The difference between the experimental value and the accepte…
The absolute value of the error divided by the accepted value
Accuracy
A measure of how close a measurement is to the true value of…
Precision
A measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
Ch. 3 Chemistry of Life
atom
element
valence electron
compound
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
Chemistry 3
Plutonium
Potassium
Radium
Radon
Pu
K
Ra
Rn
Plutonium
Pu
Potassium
K
7 terms
Chemistry 3
Dobereiner
Newland
Mendeleev
Mendeleev
Triads Groups of three
Octaves every 8th element
First periodic table left gaps
Similar element next to each other
Dobereiner
Triads Groups of three
Newland
Octaves every 8th element
Organic Chemistry Ch. 3
Alkanes
Saturated
Isobutane
neopentane
All C-C bonds saturated with hydrogens
4 single bonds with octet
"isomer of butane" (also isohexane, isopentane, etc.)
most highly branched
Alkanes
All C-C bonds saturated with hydrogens
Saturated
4 single bonds with octet
Chemistry 3
Dmitri Mendeleev
Term periodic
Periodic Law
Periodic Table
Credited with organizing the Periodic Table
Refers to when elements are arranged in order of increasing a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
An arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbe…
Dmitri Mendeleev
Credited with organizing the Periodic Table
Term periodic
Refers to when elements are arranged in order of increasing a…
28 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
all matter that exists naturally on earth can be classified a…
definite shape and volume
definite volume, takes shape of container
fills volume of container and conforms to shape of container
states of matter
all matter that exists naturally on earth can be classified a…
solid
definite shape and volume
138 terms
Chemistry 3
Qualitative
Quantitative
Sodium hydroxide
White precipitate
Tells you what is present
Tells you how much is present
Testing for positive ions without the flame test
Made when calcium is added to sodium hydroxide
Qualitative
Tells you what is present
Quantitative
Tells you how much is present
19 terms
Chemistry 3
Hydrogen
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
H+
Li+
Na+
K+
Hydrogen
H+
Lithium
Li+
AA chemistry pictures SCIENCE ³
molecule
compound
chemical bond
atoms
A group of atoms bonded together
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
an electrical force linking atoms
The basic building blocks of matter
molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
33 terms
Chemistry #3
atom
Daltons atomic theory
electrons
cathode-ray
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
the first theory to relate chemical changes to events at the…
negatively charged sub-atomic particles
a stream of electrons produced at the negative electrode of a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Daltons atomic theory
the first theory to relate chemical changes to events at the…
26 terms
Chemistry #3
Ammonium
Copper I
Hydronium
Lithium
NH4 +1
Cu +1
H3O +1
Li +1
Ammonium
NH4 +1
Copper I
Cu +1
26 terms
C3.6 Organic Chemistry
Functional group in an alcohol
Functional group in an ester
Functional group in a carboxylic acid
Uses of alcohols
-OH
-COO-
-COOH
fuels and solvents
Functional group in an alcohol
-OH
Functional group in an ester
-COO-
19 terms
Chemistry 3
Aufbau Principle
Pauli Exclusion Principle
Hund's Rule
Dmitri Mandeleev
Electrons enter orbitals of lowest energy first ... S<p<d<f
An orbital may hold no more than 2 electrons and they must ha…
When electrons occupy orbitals of equal energy, one e- enters…
Arranged the elements according to increasing atomic mass
Aufbau Principle
Electrons enter orbitals of lowest energy first ... S<p<d<f
Pauli Exclusion Principle
An orbital may hold no more than 2 electrons and they must ha…
15 terms
Chemistry 3
Sb
Te
I
Xe
Antimony
Tellurium
Iodine
Xenon
Sb
Antimony
Te
Tellurium
48 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3 Combined
mixture
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
solution
a physical blend of two or more pure substances in any propor…
one that does not have a uniform composition and in which the…
one that has uniform composition throughout and always has a…
a uniform mixture that can contain solids, liquids, or gases;…
mixture
a physical blend of two or more pure substances in any propor…
heterogeneous mixture
one that does not have a uniform composition and in which the…
40 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1-3 Chemistry Basics
matter
substance
solid, liquid, gas
solid
mass and takes place
matter that has a unique composition
three of the four states of matter
fixed shape and volume
matter
mass and takes place
substance
matter that has a unique composition
Chemistry 3
C
Si
Ge
Sn
Carbon
Silicon
Germanium
Tin
C
Carbon
Si
Silicon
25 terms
Chemistry 3
Measurement
Scientific Notation
Accuracy
Precision
Quantitive observation
M X10n (coefficient * 10 with exponent)
Refers to the agreement of a particular value with the accept…
Refers to the degree of agreement among several measurements…
Measurement
Quantitive observation
Scientific Notation
M X10n (coefficient * 10 with exponent)
28 terms
Chemistry 3
ionic compounds
when a metal gives up one or more elec…
cations
anions
consist of metals and nonmetals
how do ionic bonds form
positive ions
negative ions
ionic compounds
consist of metals and nonmetals
when a metal gives up one or more elec…
how do ionic bonds form
Chemistry 3
Manganese
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel
Mn
Fe
Co
Ni
Manganese
Mn
Iron
Fe
7 terms
Chemistry exam part 3
Alkali metals
Halogens
Noble gases
Metalloids
These soft metals have 1 valence electron and are very reactive
These Group 17 non-metals have 7 valence electrons and readil…
These elements have 8 valence electrons and are very unreactive
These elements have properties of both metals and non-metals…
Alkali metals
These soft metals have 1 valence electron and are very reactive
Halogens
These Group 17 non-metals have 7 valence electrons and readil…
chemistry 3
Sc
Ti
V
Cr
scandium
titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Sc
scandium
Ti
titanium
10 terms
chemistry 3
Manganese
Mercury
Molybdenum
Neon
Mn
Hg
Mo
Ne
Manganese
Mn
Mercury
Hg
27 terms
Chemistry 3
States of matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Solid, liquid, gas, plasma
A form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume,…
A form of matter that flows, has constant volume, and takes t…
A form of matter that flows to conform to the shape of its co…
States of matter
Solid, liquid, gas, plasma
Solid
A form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume,…
49 terms
Chemistry 3
Aristotle
Democritus
Antoine Lavoisier
John Dalton
Ancient Greece; philospher;believed everything was made out o…
400 B.C. First person to suggest everything was made from sma…
Pick up on Democritus and proposed The Law of Conservation of…
Proposed the first Atomic Theory 1808
Aristotle
Ancient Greece; philospher;believed everything was made out o…
Democritus
400 B.C. First person to suggest everything was made from sma…
47 terms
Chemistry 3.4 definitions
Absolute zero
Atomic radius
Bond energy
Celsius
0 K. The temperature where all matter stops moving.
Half the distance between two bonded atoms
Bond dissociation energy - the energy required to separate at…
Everyday scale used to measure temperature.
Absolute zero
0 K. The temperature where all matter stops moving.
Atomic radius
Half the distance between two bonded atoms
10 terms
Chemistry 3
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Sc
Ti
V
Cr
Scandium
Sc
Titanium
Ti
14 terms
Chemistry 3
Barometer
Manometer
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
To measure atmospheric pressure
To measure the pressure of gases other than atmosphere
Volume of gas is indirectly proportional to pressure of gas a…
Volume of gas is directly proportional to absolute temperatur…
Barometer
To measure atmospheric pressure
Manometer
To measure the pressure of gases other than atmosphere
28 terms
Chemistry Unit 3 - Describing Substances
Pure Substance
Physical Property
Extensive properties
Intensive properties
Matter that has a uniform and unchanging composition; made of…
Characteristic of a substance that can be measured or observe…
Properties that are dependent upon the amount of substance pr…
Properties that do not depend of the amount of substance pres…
Pure Substance
Matter that has a uniform and unchanging composition; made of…
Physical Property
Characteristic of a substance that can be measured or observe…
18 terms
Chemistry 3
(T/F) Dalon's atomc theory includes a…
Daltons theory states that atoms have…
J. J. Thomson is credited for the "oil…
The mass of an electron is equal to th…
True
False
False
False
(T/F) Dalon's atomc theory includes a…
True
Daltons theory states that atoms have…
False
23 terms
Chemistry 3
measurement
dimension
unit
scale
act of comparing an unknown quantity to a standard unit
any measurable property of the physical universe
a label such as "inches" or "meters", used to specify the ter…
a means of measuring. a scale is subdivided into measuring un…
measurement
act of comparing an unknown quantity to a standard unit
dimension
any measurable property of the physical universe
33 terms
Chemistry Unit 3 Terminology
Heisenburg Uncertainty Principle
photoelectric effect
Lewis DeBroglie
Erwin Schrodinger
states that it is not possible to determine the location and…
energy is given off when light strikes a metal object
stated that electrons behave as waves instead of particles an…
Used the hypothesis that electrons have both ... wave and partic…
Heisenburg Uncertainty Principle
states that it is not possible to determine the location and…
photoelectric effect
energy is given off when light strikes a metal object
Chemistry 3
Lavoiser
Law of Conservation of Matter
Precision
Accuracy
French nobleman and chemist
everything is neither created nor destroyed by chemical react…
the quality, condition, or fact of being exact and accurate.
the quality or state of being correct or precise.
Lavoiser
French nobleman and chemist
Law of Conservation of Matter
everything is neither created nor destroyed by chemical react…
3. Chemistry
Sodium (S), Chlorine (Cl), Iodine (I),…
ATOM
SUBatomic particles
Electrons, Neutrons, Protons
Trace elements are found in very small amounts but are still…
Is smaller than a molecule
Atoms are composed of ______________
What are the main subatomic particles in atoms?
Sodium (S), Chlorine (Cl), Iodine (I),…
Trace elements are found in very small amounts but are still…
ATOM
Is smaller than a molecule
12 terms
Organic Chemistry Exam 3
Acid Chloride to Anhydride
Acid Chloride to Carboxylic Acid
Anhydride to Amide
Fischer Esterification
(Carboxylic Acid to Ester)
Acid Chloride to Anhydride
Acid Chloride to Carboxylic Acid
32 terms
Chemistry U3
chemical bond
chemical formula
covalent bond
diatomic molecule
A force of attraction between two atoms.
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A chemical bond formed when two atoms share electrons
A molecule that consists of two atoms of the same element
chemical bond
A force of attraction between two atoms.
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
20 terms
3 chemistry
Nb
Mo
Tc
Ru
niobium
molybdenum
technetium
ruthenium
Nb
niobium
Mo
molybdenum
AQA Chemistry C3
Who first attempted the elements of th…
How did Newlands and Mendeleev arrange…
Describe Newlands' periodic table
Describe Mendeleev's periodic table
Newlands, Mendeleev
by arranging them in order of their atomic mass
→ elements arranged in order of atomic mass... → recognised ever…
→ elements arranged in order of atomic mass... → recognised phys…
Who first attempted the elements of th…
Newlands, Mendeleev
How did Newlands and Mendeleev arrange…
by arranging them in order of their atomic mass
77 terms
Chemistry 3
Maltose
Sucrose
Lactose
Monosaccharide
Glucose + glucose
Glucose + fructose
Glucose + galactose
Straight carbon chains in which each carbon atom except one c…
Maltose
Glucose + glucose
Sucrose
Glucose + fructose
4 of 10