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Study sets matching "chemistry 5"

128 terms
Chemistry Ch. 5
periodic table
Antoine Lavoisier
John Dalton
Johann Dobereiner
a description of how elements differ from one another
a French chemist that used the word "element"
documented a list of sixty elements
used triads (groups of three elements with similar properties…
periodic table
a description of how elements differ from one another
Antoine Lavoisier
a French chemist that used the word "element"
6 terms
Chemistry 12.5
Avogadro's hypothesis
Partial pressure
Dalton's law of partial pressures
diffusion
Equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
The pressure exerted by each gas in a gaseous mixture.
At constant volume and temperature, the total pressure of a m…
The tendency of molecules and ions to move toward areas of lo…
Avogadro's hypothesis
Equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
Partial pressure
The pressure exerted by each gas in a gaseous mixture.
14 terms
Chemistry 5.4
Periodic table
Period
Periodic Law
Group
An arrangement of elements into rows and columns according to…
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table.
When the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
A vertical column of elements in the periodic table; the cons…
Periodic table
An arrangement of elements into rows and columns according to…
Period
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table.
16 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary List #5
Nuclear Force
Ionization Energy
Electronegativity
Lewis Dot Structure or Electron Dot St…
Forces that hold the protons and neutrons together in the nuc…
The energy required to remove an electron from an atom... Trend:…
The ability of an atom of an element to attract electrons whe…
A notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
Nuclear Force
Forces that hold the protons and neutrons together in the nuc…
Ionization Energy
The energy required to remove an electron from an atom... Trend:…
33 terms
3.5 Nuclear Chemistry
Nuclear reactions
Strong nuclear force
Radioactive
Alpha decay
Rxns involving changes to the nucleus of an atom as opposed t…
The force that holds the nucleus together despite the fact th…
These types of substance have an unstable nucleus that will u…
The emission of alpha particles by atoms that have too many p…
Nuclear reactions
Rxns involving changes to the nucleus of an atom as opposed t…
Strong nuclear force
The force that holds the nucleus together despite the fact th…
10 terms
Chemistry 5.1 Test
wavelength = distance it takes for a w…
relationship between emr's speed, wave…
relationship between the energy of a q…
atomic emmision spectrum
set of frequencies of EMRs emitted by a specific kind of atom…
wavelength = distance it takes for a w…
relationship between emr's speed, wave…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Chemistry Review
Dalton's Atomic Model
Thomson's Atomic Model
Rutherford's Atomic Model
Bohr's Atomic Model
Atom is solid sphere of indivisible particles
Electrons embedded in a sphere of postive electrical charge
The nucleus is a positively charged, dense center; electrons…
Electrons found only in specific orbits around the nucleus
Dalton's Atomic Model
Atom is solid sphere of indivisible particles
Thomson's Atomic Model
Electrons embedded in a sphere of postive electrical charge
26 terms
5. Chemistry
Element, Molecule, Compound
Chemical Formula
Element
Molecule
What are the 3 levels of chemical organization?
What determines the atoms present in a compound?
A PURE substance made up of only one kinds of atom. Cannot be…
A GROUP of atoms bound together in a group
Element, Molecule, Compound
What are the 3 levels of chemical organization?
Chemical Formula
What determines the atoms present in a compound?
29 terms
chemistry 5
Democritus
John Dalton
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Atom
1st person to name particles atoms;... believed they were indivi…
performed experiments; formed Dalton's atomic theory
- All elements are composed of tiny particles called atoms... -…
The smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Democritus
1st person to name particles atoms;... believed they were indivi…
John Dalton
performed experiments; formed Dalton's atomic theory
13 terms
Chemistry Ch. 5
Rutherford
Dalton
Chadwick
Thomson
Whose gold foil experiment allowed us to construct the curren…
Who proposed the earliest atomic model?
Who discovered neutrons?
Who proposed the "plum-pudding" model of an atom, consisting…
Rutherford
Whose gold foil experiment allowed us to construct the curren…
Dalton
Who proposed the earliest atomic model?
9 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 5 Terminology
Octet Rule
Ion
Cation
Anion
a concept of chemical bonding theory that is based on the ass…
an atom, radical, or molecule that has gained or lost one or…
an ion that has a positive charge.
an ion that has a negative charge.
Octet Rule
a concept of chemical bonding theory that is based on the ass…
Ion
an atom, radical, or molecule that has gained or lost one or…
Chemistry Chapter 4 & 5 Scientists
Democritus
Aristotle
Dalton
Thomson
Greek philosopher who argued for the atomos (indivisible) the…
Greek philosopher who argued for the continuous theory of an…
schoolteacher who argued for the "Billiard Ball" model of an…
English physicist who argued for the "Plum Pudding" model of…
Democritus
Greek philosopher who argued for the atomos (indivisible) the…
Aristotle
Greek philosopher who argued for the continuous theory of an…
20 terms
9.5 The Chemistry of Life
biomolecules
carbohydrates
distillation
hydrocarbons
English... any molecule that is present in living organisms
English... Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
English... A process that separates the substances in a solution…
English... a compound that contains carbon and hydrogen atoms
biomolecules
English... any molecule that is present in living organisms
carbohydrates
English... Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
12 terms
Chemistry Topic 5 - The Periodic Table
Atomic radius
Electronegativity
Family
Group
Half the distance between two adjacent atoms in a crystal; ha…
A measure of an atom's attraction for electrons when bonded t…
Vertical columns on the periodic table. Elements in each fami…
Vertical columns on the periodic table. Elements in each grou…
Atomic radius
Half the distance between two adjacent atoms in a crystal; ha…
Electronegativity
A measure of an atom's attraction for electrons when bonded t…
28 terms
Chemistry Ch.5
number of atoms in a baseball is equal…
We cannot see atoms in the usual sense…
To see something under a microscope, t…
True/False - We can see atoms directly…
ping pong balls that would fit in the earth
atoms are smaller than the wavelengths of visible light which…
must be larger than the wavelengths of the light
False - We can see atoms indirectly this way.
number of atoms in a baseball is equal…
ping pong balls that would fit in the earth
We cannot see atoms in the usual sense…
atoms are smaller than the wavelengths of visible light which…
14 terms
Chemistry 5 Part 1
absolute zero
acid rain
air pollution
atmosphere
The temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when indust…
contamination of the atmosphere, mainly by the gaseous produc…
the mixture of gases that surrounds the earth's surface
absolute zero
The temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum
acid rain
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when indust…
16 terms
Chemistry 5 Part 2
ideal gas law
kinetic molecular theory
manometer
mm Hg
PV=nRT
a model that assumes that an ideal gas is composed of tiny pa…
device used for measuring pressure of a gas container
1 torr
ideal gas law
PV=nRT
kinetic molecular theory
a model that assumes that an ideal gas is composed of tiny pa…
19 terms
Chemistry 5
How many oxygen atoms are in an Al2 (C…
Polyatomic ions are often said to be a…
In VESPR theory, which repels other el…
Explain in your own words why molecule…
C. 9
Because Polyatomic ions have groups of atoms that share elect…
B. A nonbonding electron pair
The molecules like to use all 3 dimensions of space. They try…
How many oxygen atoms are in an Al2 (C…
C. 9
Polyatomic ions are often said to be a…
Because Polyatomic ions have groups of atoms that share elect…
28 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5 Vocab
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
the shortest difference between equivalent points on a contin…
the number of waves that pass a given point per second
the height of a wave from the origin to a crest, or from the…
electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
wavelength
the shortest difference between equivalent points on a contin…
24 terms
National 5 Chemistry Hydrocarbons
Alkane
Alkene
1 Carbon
2 Carbon
hydrocarbons containing only a single bond (C-C)
hydrocarbons containing one or more double bonds (C=C)
meth-
eth-
Alkane
hydrocarbons containing only a single bond (C-C)
Alkene
hydrocarbons containing one or more double bonds (C=C)
15 terms
Chemistry Unit 5
Chemical Reaction
Coefficients
Subscripts
Synthesis Reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
small whole numbers that are placed in front of the formulas…
numbers written below the line that tell how many atoms of a…
a reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a…
Chemical Reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
Coefficients
small whole numbers that are placed in front of the formulas…
21 terms
Chemistry- Ch. 5 Sections 4 & 5
In 1900, German physicist Max Planck h…
Planck's quantum hypothesis said a bea…
LIght behaves as what - a wave or part…
What alternate term is used to emphasi…
light energy is quantized in much the same way that matter is…
it consists of tiny discrete packets of energy called quantum…
Both - a wave and a particle!
photon - because of its similarity to the words electron, pro…
In 1900, German physicist Max Planck h…
light energy is quantized in much the same way that matter is…
Planck's quantum hypothesis said a bea…
it consists of tiny discrete packets of energy called quantum…
21 terms
Unit 5: Nuclear Chemistry
Fission
Fusion
Nuclear Reaction
Radioactive Decay
The splitting of an atomic nucleus to release energy.
Creation of energy by joining the nuclei of two hydrogen atom…
a reaction that affects the nucleus of an atom
The breakdown of a radioactive element, releasing particles a…
Fission
The splitting of an atomic nucleus to release energy.
Fusion
Creation of energy by joining the nuclei of two hydrogen atom…
46 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 5
_________ model did not explaine the c…
____ proposed that an electron is foun…
energy level
quantum
Rutherford
Bohr
the specific energies an electron in an atom or other system…
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
_________ model did not explaine the c…
Rutherford
____ proposed that an electron is foun…
Bohr
10 terms
chemistry 5
radiation
radioactive decay
radioisotopes
alpha particle
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or…
A spontaneous process in which unstable nuclei lose energy by…
Isotopes that have unstable nuclei and undergo radioactive de…
A cluster of 2 protons and 2 neutrons emitted from a nucleus…
radiation
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or…
radioactive decay
A spontaneous process in which unstable nuclei lose energy by…
10 terms
chemistry 5
Radiation
Radioactive decay
Radioisotopes
Alpha particle
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or…
A spontaneous process in which unstable nuclei lose energy by…
Isotopes that have unstable nuclei and undergo radioactive de…
A cluster of 2 protons and 2 neutrons emitted from a nucleus…
Radiation
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or…
Radioactive decay
A spontaneous process in which unstable nuclei lose energy by…
10 terms
Chemistry 5
Mixture
Residue
Filtrate
Dissolved
atoms, molecules and substances mixed together, but not in a…
left over solid after filtering
the solution left after filtering
a solid breaking up and mixing with the solution
Mixture
atoms, molecules and substances mixed together, but not in a…
Residue
left over solid after filtering
19 terms
Chemistry - 5
Alkane
Alkene
Bromine water
Ethane
Saturated hydrocarbon with single bonds
Unsaturated hydrocarbon with a double bond
Used to test for alkenes - turns from orange/brown to colourl…
C2H6
Alkane
Saturated hydrocarbon with single bonds
Alkene
Unsaturated hydrocarbon with a double bond
14 terms
Organic Chemistry 5: Alcohols
Phenols
Physical properties of Alcohols
Hydrogen Bonding
pKa values
Aromatic alcohols are called phenols... the possible resonance…
Hydrogen bonding causes increased boiling points, melting poi…
Hydrogen bonding occurs why hydrogen atoms are attached to hi…
remember that pKa= -logKa... stronger acids have high Ka values…
Phenols
Aromatic alcohols are called phenols... the possible resonance…
Physical properties of Alcohols
Hydrogen bonding causes increased boiling points, melting poi…
23 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 5
periodic law
lanthanide
actinide
alkali metals
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 90-103.
The elements of group 1 of the periodic table.
periodic law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
lanthanide
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
19 terms
Grade 5 Chemistry Terms
variable
atom
protons
electrons
not always the same;... able or likely to change or be changed
the smallest particle of a substance that can exist by itself…
the part of an atom that has a positive electrical charge and…
the part of an atom with a negative electrical charge, which…
variable
not always the same;... able or likely to change or be changed
atom
the smallest particle of a substance that can exist by itself…
16 terms
Chemistry 5
Pressure
1 atm to mmHg
1 atm to Torr
1 atm to Pascals
Force / Area
760 mmHg
760 Torr
101,325 Pascals
Pressure
Force / Area
1 atm to mmHg
760 mmHg
14 terms
Chemistry 5
Constituent
Alcohol
Methanol
Ethanol
Part of whole
In hydroxyl group
Constituent
Part of whole
Alcohol
In hydroxyl group
35 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 5
periodic law
lanthanide
actinide
alkali metals
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 90-103.
The elements of group 1 of the periodic table.
periodic law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
lanthanide
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
12 terms
Chemistry 5
What are elements made of ?
What does the atomic number tell you?
How many types of atoms does water con…
Does ice have the same chemical formul…
atoms
number of protons and the number of electrons
2 - Hydrogen and Oxygen
yes
What are elements made of ?
atoms
What does the atomic number tell you?
number of protons and the number of electrons
72 terms
chemistry: chapter 1-5
funnel
scopula
bunsen burner
test tube brush
funnel
scopula
23 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 5
periodic law
lanthanide
actinide
alkali metals
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 90-103.
The elements of group 1 of the periodic table.
periodic law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
lanthanide
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
22 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic table
Periodic law
group
family
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Periodic law
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
50 terms
AP Chemistry Big Idea #5
temperature
heat transfer
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
a measure of the average kinetic energy of atoms and molecules.
transfer of kinetic energy from a warmer body to a cooler body
Energy is neither created nor destroyed, but only transformed…
Every energy transformation increases the entropy of the univ…
temperature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of atoms and molecules.
heat transfer
transfer of kinetic energy from a warmer body to a cooler body
54 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 5 +
_________ model did not explaine the c…
____ proposed that an electron is foun…
energy level
quantum
Rutherford
Bohr
the specific energies an electron in an atom or other system…
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
_________ model did not explaine the c…
Rutherford
____ proposed that an electron is foun…
Bohr
Modern Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic Law
Periodic Table
Lanthanides (location and characterist…
Actinides (location and characteristics)
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
is arranged of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
--elements in the f-block of period six in the periodic table…
--14 elements with the atomic numbers from 90-103. ... --Most of…
Periodic Law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Periodic Table
is arranged of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
31 terms
National 5 Chemistry, Acids and Alkalis
The pH scale goes from __ to ___.
What colour is neutral (7) with univer…
The further away from pH 7, the ____ a…
All acids taste ___.
1 to 14.
Green.
more.
sour.
The pH scale goes from __ to ___.
1 to 14.
What colour is neutral (7) with univer…
Green.
60 terms
Chemistry Chapter #5 Review
A model of the atom in which the elect…
The fixed energies an electron can have.
The amount of energy required to move…
The modern description of the electron…
Bohr's Planetary Model
energy levels
quantum
quantum mechanical model
A model of the atom in which the elect…
Bohr's Planetary Model
The fixed energies an electron can have.
energy levels
31 terms
Organic Chemistry for Unit 5
Butane
Hydrocarbon
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Alkane
= C₄H₁₀
Molecules made up of Hydrogen and Carbon only
Contain only Carbon Carbon single bonds
General formula C(n)H(2n+2)... Only Single Bonds (saturated)
Butane
= C₄H₁₀
Hydrocarbon
Molecules made up of Hydrogen and Carbon only
48 terms
Chemistry: Ch 5 + Chapter 6
Periodic Law
Periodic table
Lanthanides
Actinides
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Arrangement of the elements in order of their increasing atom…
The 14 elements with atomic numbers 58-71. The top row of the…
The 14 elements with atomic numbers 90-103. The bottom row of…
Periodic Law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their increasing atom…
225 terms
National 5 Chemistry, Unit One
Electrolysis will only take place when…
In electrolysis, for a product to form…
Define; Electrolysis
For electrolysis to take place, an ion…
Direct current. d.c.... (In a direct current there is a permanen…
opposite
The break down of an ionic compound back into its elements us…
freed. I.e. the ions are free to move (such as in a liquid or…
Electrolysis will only take place when…
Direct current. d.c.... (In a direct current there is a permanen…
In electrolysis, for a product to form…
opposite
22 terms
Chemistry Unit #5
Lewis dot structure
Octet rule
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
a diagram of a molecule using dots to represent valence elect…
states that atoms lose, gain or share electrons in order to a…
the electrostatic attraction of positive and negative ions in…
this bond results when there is a sharing of electrons betwee…
Lewis dot structure
a diagram of a molecule using dots to represent valence elect…
Octet rule
states that atoms lose, gain or share electrons in order to a…
21 terms
Chemistry: Unit 5 Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
chemical equation
reactants
products
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
things that react together (on the left side of the equation)
things that are produced (on the right side of the equation)
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
chemical equation
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
28 terms
Intro Chemistry: Ch. 5 Nomenclature
Scientific Method
Measurement
Natural Law
Chemistry
This is the process that lies at the center of scientific inq…
Quantitative Observation ( Ex: 1.2 KL)
Natural laws summarize patterns that recur in a large amount…
The science that deals with the materials of the universe and…
Scientific Method
This is the process that lies at the center of scientific inq…
Measurement
Quantitative Observation ( Ex: 1.2 KL)
30 terms
Chemistry 5
what does the rate of chemical reactio…
how can we increase the rate of reaction
how does concentration/ pressure incre…
how does decreasing the particle size…
1. collision frequency ... 2. collision energy (whether it's suc…
1. concentration/pressure... 2. decreasing particle size... 3. chan…
1. increase in number of particles per unit volume... 2. so coll…
1. surface area increases so more of the particle is exposed…
what does the rate of chemical reactio…
1. collision frequency ... 2. collision energy (whether it's suc…
how can we increase the rate of reaction
1. concentration/pressure... 2. decreasing particle size... 3. chan…
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