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Study sets matching "chemistry biology life"

35 terms
Biology Review: Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
An atom that has gained or lost an electron
Atom
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
Element
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
16 terms
2A Biology - Chemistry of Life
matter
element
atom
neutron
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
The smallest unit of an element that can exist either alone o…
The non-charged particle in an atom's nucleus
matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
44 terms
Biology and The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
44 terms
Introduction to Biology and the Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
14 terms
Biology - Chemistry of Life
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
subunit of a polymer; Remember 'link in a chain.'
large molecule formed by linking monomers.
molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; food sourc…
hydrophobic molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen…
monomer
subunit of a polymer; Remember 'link in a chain.'
polymer
large molecule formed by linking monomers.
35 terms
Biology Review: Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
An atom that has gained or lost an electron
Atom
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
Element
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
63 terms
AP Biology: Chemistry of Life
Element(s)
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Trace (Elements)
Compound(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
the other elements that compose 4% of the mass of all organis…
when two or more DIFFERENT types of atoms are combined in a f…
Element(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
33 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
41 terms
Biology: Chapter 2, The Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter t…
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol e− or β−, with a…
A chemical element (often just element when the chemical cont…
Atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter t…
Nucleus
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
25 terms
Chemistry of Life-1 Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
38 terms
Biology- Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
element
smallest unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle, located outside the nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
smallest unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
35 terms
Biology - chemistry of life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
Introduction to Biology and the Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest basic unit of matter mad…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Negative charge (lives outside the nucleus). A subatomic part…
A neutral charge (lives in nucleus); subatomic particle that…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest basic unit of matter mad…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
34 terms
Chemistry of Life Exam-Biology
adhesion
water
carbohydrates
lipids
attraction among molecules
dissolves and transports substances... makes us 75-90 % of body…
carbon based molecules... sugars and starches
fats, oils, and cholesterol
adhesion
attraction among molecules
water
dissolves and transports substances... makes us 75-90 % of body…
65 terms
AP Biology--The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
electrons between atoms are shared (electronegativities of th…
electrons are shared equally
Ionic Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Ions
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
10 terms
biology chemistry of life
formed when one or more electrons are…
forms when electrons are shared betwee…
partial positive and partial negative…
_____ is the attraction between molecu…
ionic bonds
covalent bonds
hydrogen bonds
formed when one or more electrons are…
ionic bonds
forms when electrons are shared betwee…
covalent bonds
30 terms
Biology (Mandziara) - The Chemistry of Life
atom
protons
neutrons
electrons
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles - prot…
positively charged particles in the nucleus of the atom
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
negatively charged particles that occupy the space around the…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles - prot…
protons
positively charged particles in the nucleus of the atom
35 terms
Biology - Chemistry of Life
proton
neutron
electron
radioisotope
subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom that carri…
subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom that carri…
subatomic particle found outside the nucleus of an atom that…
emits energy in the form of subatomic particles and xrays
proton
subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom that carri…
neutron
subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom that carri…
19 terms
Chemistry of Life-2 Biology
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A large molecule made up of many similar or identical subunits.
Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Main source of ener…
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
polymer
A large molecule made up of many similar or identical subunits.
28 terms
Biology-Chemistry of Life
atom
proton
neutron
electron
made up of protons and neutrons in the nucleus, surrounded by…
located in nucleus, positive charge
neutral/no charge, located in nucleus
located in electron cloud, negative charge
atom
made up of protons and neutrons in the nucleus, surrounded by…
proton
located in nucleus, positive charge
40 terms
AP Biology - The Chemistry of Life
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
The Qualities of Water
Carbohydrates
They are compounds with carbon in them excluding CO2, CO and…
They are compounds that aren't organic and include water, and…
Water is polar and can dissolve other polar substances. Water…
They are organic compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and ox…
Organic Compounds
They are compounds with carbon in them excluding CO2, CO and…
Inorganic Compounds
They are compounds that aren't organic and include water, and…
Biology: chemistry of life
chemistry
matter
atoms
electrons, protons, and neutrons
study of matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by chemica…
atoms consists of:
chemistry
study of matter
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
22 terms
Biology - Chp 6 Chemistry of Life
chemical reaction
reactants
products
activation energy
energy requiring process by which atoms or groups of atoms ar…
substance that exists before a chemical reaction starts
the substances formed during the chemical reaction
the minimum amount of energy needed for the reactants to form…
chemical reaction
energy requiring process by which atoms or groups of atoms ar…
reactants
substance that exists before a chemical reaction starts
47 terms
Chemistry of Life (Biology) Vocab
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
carbon based molecules
groups of atoms participating in chemical reactions ex.) carb…
one unit of a macromolecule
3+ units of a macromolecule
organic compound
carbon based molecules
functional group
groups of atoms participating in chemical reactions ex.) carb…
54 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 The Chemistry of Life
Electron
Substrate
pH scale
Nucleotide
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
Measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydr…
Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar
Electron
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Substrate
Reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
75 terms
Biology: Chemistry of Life
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid, p…
nucleic acids
proteins
lipids
4 types of macromolecules:
type of macromolecule having to do with nucleotides
type of macromolecule having to do with amino acids and r group
type of macromolecules having to do with polarity
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid, p…
4 types of macromolecules:
nucleic acids
type of macromolecule having to do with nucleotides
54 terms
Biology Review: Chemistry of Life
Molecule
Hydrogen bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
2 or more atoms held together by covalent bonds
Attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Molecule
2 or more atoms held together by covalent bonds
Hydrogen bond
Attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
149 terms
Biology - Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
nucleus
electron cloud
basic unit of matter
location of protons
location of neutrons
location of electrons
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
location of protons
30 terms
Biology-Chemistry of Life
Carbon
Monosaccharide
Product
Substrate
All organic compounds contain what?
Single sugar molecule
Element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
In the tooth pick lab, what did the toothpicks represents?
Carbon
All organic compounds contain what?
Monosaccharide
Single sugar molecule
11 terms
Biology Chemistry of Life Quiz
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Glucose
Fructose
Main source of energy in all living things. These contain car…
The simplest form of carbohydrates. Building blocks of more c…
(Monosaccharide)
Fruit sugar (Monosaccharide)
Carbohydrate
Main source of energy in all living things. These contain car…
Monosaccharide
The simplest form of carbohydrates. Building blocks of more c…
184 terms
Biology: Chemistry of Life
What is Science?
Scientific Method
Hierarchy of taxonomic ranks: Humans?
7 criteria that Organisms need to meet…
Is the process of understanding the natural world by making o…
Observation -->Question --> Hypothesis -->Prediction --> Expe…
Genus: Homo... Species: Sapiens
1. Cells... 2. Regulation... 3. Growth and Development... 4. Energy Us…
What is Science?
Is the process of understanding the natural world by making o…
Scientific Method
Observation -->Question --> Hypothesis -->Prediction --> Expe…
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
42 terms
Introduction to Biology and the Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Biology-The Chemistry of Life
Chemistry
Matter
Pure Substances
Five Elements Essential to Life
The study of the composition and properties of matter and the…
Anything that takes up space and has mass. Has three states.
Substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Calcium.
Chemistry
The study of the composition and properties of matter and the…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass. Has three states.
15 terms
Biology- The Chemistry of Life Chapter 2
nucleus
electron
neutron*
proton*
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
electron
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Biology: Chapter 2, The Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
An atom is the smallest part of ordinary matter that has the…
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
The electron is a subatomic charged particle, with a negative…
Pure substance consisting of one type of atom.
Atom
An atom is the smallest part of ordinary matter that has the…
Nucleus
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
41 terms
Chemistry of Life - Honors Biology
atom
subatomic particles
element
compound
the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by che…
protons, neutrons, and electrons
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom and represente…
substances made up of two or more atoms of different elements
atom
the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by che…
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons
17 terms
(biology) Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
molecules composed (made) of many monomers.
a small chemical unit (molecule). A building block of polymers
a compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. It is…
the monomer of a carbohydrate. Glucose, fructose and galactos…
Polymer
molecules composed (made) of many monomers.
Monomer
a small chemical unit (molecule). A building block of polymers
25 terms
IBHL Biology: Chemistry of Life
2.1.1 State that the most frequently o…
2.1.2 State that a variety of other el…
2.1.3 State one role for each of the e…
2.2.1 Draw and label a diagram showing…
The most frequently occurring elements in living things are c…
Other necessary elements: sulfur, calcium, phosphorus, iron,…
Sulfur: ... - Prokaryotes- use a chemical reaction involving sul…
2.1.1 State that the most frequently o…
The most frequently occurring elements in living things are c…
2.1.2 State that a variety of other el…
Other necessary elements: sulfur, calcium, phosphorus, iron,…
41 terms
chemistry of life Biology quiz
Proteins that act as a biological Cata…
A substance that speeds up a chemical…
The reactants of an enzyme catalyzed r…
Where the Substrate and Enzyme join
Enzyme
Catalyst
Substrate
Active Site
Proteins that act as a biological Cata…
Enzyme
A substance that speeds up a chemical…
Catalyst
58 terms
Biology Chapter 6 - Chemistry of Life
Matter
Atom
Proton
Neutron
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
basic unit of matter
Subatomic particle located in the nucleus of an atom; positiv…
Subatomic particle located in the nucleus of an atom; neutral
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
Atom
basic unit of matter
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
41 terms
Biology: "The Chemistry of Life"
atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
An electron is a negatively charged subatomic particle. It ca…
one of the basic substances that are made of atoms of only on…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Nucleus
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
15 terms
Intro Biology and Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Smallest basic unit of matter.
One type of atom.
A substance made up of two or more elements.
An atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter.
Element
One type of atom.
35 terms
Biology- The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
11 terms
The Chemistry of Life - Biology Ch 2-2
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
solution
attraction between molecules of the same substance
attraction between molecules of different substances
material composed of 2 or more elements or compounds that are…
mixture of 2 or more substances in which the molecules of the…
cohesion
attraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesion
attraction between molecules of different substances
7 terms
The Chemistry of Life - Biology Ch 2-4
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
reactant
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
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