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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 10 liquids solids"

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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 10 liquids solids"

44 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10: Solids and Liquids
liquids
properties of a liquid
vaporization
evaporation
substance with no definite shape but does not have a specific…
fluidty; dissolving ability; ability to diffuse; vaporization…
addition of heat; L TO G
fast moving liquid molecules escape from the surface of liquid
liquids
substance with no definite shape but does not have a specific…
properties of a liquid
fluidty; dissolving ability; ability to diffuse; vaporization…
14 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 10: Solids and Liquids
What has stronger van der waals forces…
gases obey the kinetic molecular theor…
dipole-dipole interactions
Which molecular geometries have polar…
Solids
- both are incompressible... - both have little thermal expansio…
exist between one polar molecule and another (when there is a…
bent, trigonal pyramidal, and bent
What has stronger van der waals forces…
Solids
gases obey the kinetic molecular theor…
- both are incompressible... - both have little thermal expansio…
34 terms
Zumdahl's Chemistry 9e: Chapter 10 Liquids and Solids
condensed states
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids (§ 10.1)
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules (§…
the attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
condensed states
liquids and solids (§ 10.1)
intermolecular forces
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules (§…
61 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Molecular Substances
Results of Strong Intermolecular Forces
Types of Forces
Dipole Forces
1. Nonconductors of electricity when pure... 2. Insoluble in wat…
- Higher boiling points... - Increased surface tension... - Greater…
1. Dipole forces... 2. Hydrogen bonds... 3. London Dispersion forces
- stronger than London Dispersion forces... - exist between *pol…
Molecular Substances
1. Nonconductors of electricity when pure... 2. Insoluble in wat…
Results of Strong Intermolecular Forces
- Higher boiling points... - Increased surface tension... - Greater…
11 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids in Condensed States
Intramolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
2 Types of Solids
Crystalline
forces within the molecules; how they are bonded to each other
forces between the molecules; hold molecules together in cond…
Amorphous and Crystalline
regular arrangement of components in their structure
Intramolecular Forces
forces within the molecules; how they are bonded to each other
Intermolecular Forces
forces between the molecules; hold molecules together in cond…
35 terms
Chemistry chapter 10: Gases, liquids, and solids
Ideal gases
Assumptions oc kinetic molecular theory
Expansion
Fluidity
Imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of the…
1. Gas is consist of large numbers of tiny particles that are…
Gases don't have a definite shape or definite volume. they fi…
Gas particles collide Easley past one another because the att…
Ideal gases
Imaginary gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of the…
Assumptions oc kinetic molecular theory
1. Gas is consist of large numbers of tiny particles that are…
35 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Molecular Substances
Results of Strong Intermolecular Forces
Types of Forces
Dipole Forces
1. Nonconductors of electricity when pure... 2. Insoluble in wat…
- Higher boiling points... - Increased surface tension... - Greater…
1. Dipole forces... 2. Hydrogen bonds... 3. London Dispersion forces
- stronger than London Dispersion forces... - exist between *pol…
Molecular Substances
1. Nonconductors of electricity when pure... 2. Insoluble in wat…
Results of Strong Intermolecular Forces
- Higher boiling points... - Increased surface tension... - Greater…
53 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Intramolecular Force
Intermolecular Force
What are the 4 types of Intermolecular…
What are some characteristics of Induc…
attraction within the molecule
attraction between molecules
1. Induced Dipole (London, Dispersion, Van Der Waals)... 2. Dipo…
-present in nonpolar molecules... -weakest type of intermolecula…
Intramolecular Force
attraction within the molecule
Intermolecular Force
attraction between molecules
34 terms
Chapter 10 liquids and solids AP chemistry
Ion dipole forces
Dipole dipole
Hydrogen bond
Ion induced dipole forces
Attractive forces between an ion and a polar
Attractive forces between polar molecules
H bonded to with FON
Ion and polar mole
Ion dipole forces
Attractive forces between an ion and a polar
Dipole dipole
Attractive forces between polar molecules
75 terms
Chapter 10 - Liquids and Solids
intramolecular bonding
condensed states of matter
intermolecular force
change in states due to
within the molecule, i.e. sharing electrons
l and s
between molecules
intermolecular forces
intramolecular bonding
within the molecule, i.e. sharing electrons
condensed states of matter
l and s
17 terms
Chemistry 100 Chapter 10 Properties of Solids and Liquids
Electron dot formulas
Covalent bonds
Polar covalent bonds
Non-polar covalent bonds
Lewis dot structure used to show valence electrons
Bonds created by sharing electrons with other atoms.
Bonds in which electrons are not shared equally between atoms…
a covalent in which the bonding electrons are shared equally…
Electron dot formulas
Lewis dot structure used to show valence electrons
Covalent bonds
Bonds created by sharing electrons with other atoms.
27 terms
AP Chemistry: Chapter 10 - Liquids and Solids
condensed states of matter
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids
weaker interactions between forces between molecules
the attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
condensed states of matter
liquids and solids
intermolecular forces
weaker interactions between forces between molecules
80 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Molecular Substances
Molecular Substances
Molecular Substances
Strong Intermolecular Forces
Nonconductors of electricity when pure
Insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar solvents
Low melting and boiling points due to weak forces of attraction
Higher boiling points
Molecular Substances
Nonconductors of electricity when pure
Molecular Substances
Insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar solvents
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Physical properties depend on the bala…
Intermolecular forces
Kinetic energy
An increase in temperature causes..
intermolecular forces (IMF) and kinetic energy (KE); how much…
various forces of attraction that may exist between the atoms…
energy due to motion; energy required to overcome the attract…
an increase in kinetic energy
Physical properties depend on the bala…
intermolecular forces (IMF) and kinetic energy (KE); how much…
Intermolecular forces
various forces of attraction that may exist between the atoms…
45 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
condensed states
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids
forced that occur between molecules (covalent/ionic bonding)
molecules with dipole moments that attract each other electro…
a really strong dipole-dipole force that occurs hydrogen and…
condensed states
liquids and solids
intermolecular forces
forced that occur between molecules (covalent/ionic bonding)
31 terms
Chapter 10 Solids&Liquids
Liquid
Properties of Liquids
Vaporization
Evaporation
A substance with no definite shape, but has a specific volume
Fluidity, Dissolving, Ability to diffuse, vaporization, evapo…
Addition of heat causes the liquid to change to a gas
Fast moving liquid molecules escape from the surface of the l…
Liquid
A substance with no definite shape, but has a specific volume
Properties of Liquids
Fluidity, Dissolving, Ability to diffuse, vaporization, evapo…
21 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Dipole-dipole forces
Hydrogen bonding
High boiling point
Crystalline solids
Attractions among molecule with dipole moments
Strong dipole-dipole attraction that occurs in molecules cont…
Generally, what is the boiling point of a molecule with hydro…
Solids that have a regular arrangement of components often re…
Dipole-dipole forces
Attractions among molecule with dipole moments
Hydrogen bonding
Strong dipole-dipole attraction that occurs in molecules cont…
51 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
alloy
amorphous solid
atomic solid
band model
a substance that contains a mixture of elements and has metal…
a solid with considerable disorder in its structure
a substance that has atoms at the lattice points that describ…
a molecular model for metals in which the electrons are assum…
alloy
a substance that contains a mixture of elements and has metal…
amorphous solid
a solid with considerable disorder in its structure
56 terms
Chapter 10: Solids and Liquids
crystalline solids
crystal
amorphous solid
melting
consist of crystals
a substance in which the particles are arranged in an orderly…
one in which the particles are arranged randomly
the physical change of a solid to a liquid by the addition of…
crystalline solids
consist of crystals
crystal
a substance in which the particles are arranged in an orderly…
31 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Van Der Waal Forces
LDF
Dipole
Hydrogen Bonding
make solid/liquid phase possible... STATE CHANGES
caused by e- distorting an e- cloud on another molecule ... pola…
polar molecules stronger than LDF
strongest IM force ... - ONLY F,O,N
Van Der Waal Forces
make solid/liquid phase possible... STATE CHANGES
LDF
caused by e- distorting an e- cloud on another molecule ... pola…
56 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
adhesive force
amorphous solid
body-centered cubic (BCC) solid
body-centered cubic unit cell
force of attraction between molecules of different chemical i…
(also, noncrystalline solid) solid in which the particles lac…
crystalline structure that has a cubic unit cell with lattice…
simplest repeating unit of a body-centered cubic crystal; it…
adhesive force
force of attraction between molecules of different chemical i…
amorphous solid
(also, noncrystalline solid) solid in which the particles lac…
62 terms
Chemistry 6th Edition, Chapter 10: Liquids, Solids, and Phase Changes
solids
liquids
gases
supercritical fluids
definite volume, definite shape
definite volume, indefinite shape
indefinite volume, indefinite shape
in between gas and liquid in terms of density (too dense to b…
solids
definite volume, definite shape
liquids
definite volume, indefinite shape
30 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
London Dispersion Force
surface tension
capillary action
cohesive forces
formation of a temporary dipole present in all molecules
resistance of a liquid to an increase in it's surface
exhibited by polar liquids ... spontaneous rising of a liquid in…
intermolecular forces amount the molecules of a liquid
London Dispersion Force
formation of a temporary dipole present in all molecules
surface tension
resistance of a liquid to an increase in it's surface
42 terms
Chapter 10 - Liquids and Solids
condensed states
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
the attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
condensed states
liquids and solids
intermolecular forces
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
43 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Intramolecular bonding
Inter-molecular forces
Dipole-dipole forces
Hydrogen bonding
when atoms form stable units called molecules by sharing elec…
weak interactions between molecules which can cause a condens…
molecules with dipole moments can attract each other electros…
particularly strong dipole-dipole forces, which are seen amon…
Intramolecular bonding
when atoms form stable units called molecules by sharing elec…
Inter-molecular forces
weak interactions between molecules which can cause a condens…
47 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Ionic solids
Molecular solids
Atomic
Closest Packing
This type of solid forms ions in H2O
Doesn't form ions in H2O
___ Solid are where the individual atoms are held in place by…
Model of metallic structures, packing uniform, hard spheres i…
Ionic solids
This type of solid forms ions in H2O
Molecular solids
Doesn't form ions in H2O
25 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
intermolecular forces (IMFs)
intramolecular forces
solids
gases
the various forces of attraction that may exist between the a…
forces that hold atoms together in a molecule (ex: covalent b…
low kinetic energy, high IMF
high kinetic energy, low IMF
intermolecular forces (IMFs)
the various forces of attraction that may exist between the a…
intramolecular forces
forces that hold atoms together in a molecule (ex: covalent b…
24 terms
Chapter 10: liquids & Solids
Intramolecular Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Ionic Bonding
Intermolecular Forces
"Within" the molecule. Molecules are formed by sharing electr…
Intramolecular Bond between nonmetals
Intramolecular Bond that has no electron sharing. Electrostat…
(mostly covalent) Forces that occur "between" molecules.
Intramolecular Bonding
"Within" the molecule. Molecules are formed by sharing electr…
Covalent Bonding
Intramolecular Bond between nonmetals
26 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Condensed states of matter
Intermolecular forces
Dipole-dipole attraction
Hydrogen bonding
Liquids and solids
Relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
The attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
Unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
Condensed states of matter
Liquids and solids
Intermolecular forces
Relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
41 terms
chapter 10: liquids and solids
alloy
amorphous solid
atomic solid
band model
a substance that contains a mixture of elements and has metal…
a solid with considerable disorder in its structure
a solid that contains atoms at the lattice points
a molecular model for metals in which the electrons are assum…
alloy
a substance that contains a mixture of elements and has metal…
amorphous solid
a solid with considerable disorder in its structure
28 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Intramolecular Bonding
Intermolecular Bonding
Which is stronger: intramolecular or i…
Hydrogen bonding
"within molecules"... - ionic (exchanging e-) (stronger)... - coval…
"between molecules"... - forces that occur between molecules
intra
intermolecular... - super strong... - H with F, O, N... - H2O>HF>HN3
Intramolecular Bonding
"within molecules"... - ionic (exchanging e-) (stronger)... - coval…
Intermolecular Bonding
"between molecules"... - forces that occur between molecules
34 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 10 Liquids and Solids CBHS Vocab
condensed states
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction EXTRA CHECK T…
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
the attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
condensed states
liquids and solids
intermolecular forces
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
34 terms
Chapter 10 Liquids and Solids
condensed states
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction EXTRA CHECK T…
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
the attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
condensed states
liquids and solids
intermolecular forces
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
5 terms
Chem II: Chapter 10 - Liquids & Solids
Dispersion Forces
Dipole-Dipole attractions
Hydrogen Bonding
InTERmolecular Forces
Refers to the electrons of an atom or molecule that are in co…
The electrostatic force between the partially positive end of…
A strong type of dipole-dipole bonding
the attractions between molecules (weak)
Dispersion Forces
Refers to the electrons of an atom or molecule that are in co…
Dipole-Dipole attractions
The electrostatic force between the partially positive end of…
20 terms
Zumdahl's Chemistry 9e: Chapter 10 Liquids and Solids
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction
hydrogen bonding
London dispersion forces
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules (§…
the attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
the forces, existing among noble gas atoms and nonpolar molec…
intermolecular forces
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules (§…
dipole-dipole attraction
the attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
48 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular forces (IMF's)
dipole-dipole forces
Hydrogen bonding
hydrogen bonds
forces that occur between particles rather than within them... (…
- attraction of polar molecules to each other due to the elec…
-dipole-dipole interactions involving molecules which hydroge…
Which bonds have the highest boiling point?
Intermolecular forces (IMF's)
forces that occur between particles rather than within them... (…
dipole-dipole forces
- attraction of polar molecules to each other due to the elec…
51 terms
Zumdahl's Chemistry 9e: Chapter 10 Liquids and Solids
condensed states
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids (§ 10.1)
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules (§…
the attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
condensed states
liquids and solids (§ 10.1)
intermolecular forces
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules (§…
22 terms
Chapter 10: Solids and Liquids
Dipole-dipole
Ion-dipole
London Dispersion
Hydrogen Bond
Intermolecular force resulting when polar molecules are lined…
Forces between polar water molecules and a sodium ion.
Forces that exist among noble gase atoms and nonpolar molecul…
Unusually strong dipole dipole attractions that occur among m…
Dipole-dipole
Intermolecular force resulting when polar molecules are lined…
Ion-dipole
Forces between polar water molecules and a sodium ion.
8 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Dipole-dipole force
Hydrogen bonding
London dispersion forces
Freezing point trend
Acts between polar molecules
Strongest type of dipole-dipole force, high electronegativity…
Exist among noble gas atoms & nonpolar molecules, accidental/…
Increases going down (more electrons -> greater chance for ac…
Dipole-dipole force
Acts between polar molecules
Hydrogen bonding
Strongest type of dipole-dipole force, high electronegativity…
38 terms
Chapter 10 Liquids and Solids
condensed states
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids
forces that occur between molecules
molecules with dipole moments can attract each other electros…
partially positive H atoms and the lone pairs of adjacent wat…
condensed states
liquids and solids
intermolecular forces
forces that occur between molecules
35 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular forces
Dipole-dipole forces
London dispersion forces
Hydrogen bonding
The forces that exist between molecules
The force that exists because of the interactions of dipoles…
Intermolecular forces resulting from attractions between indu…
Results from intermolecular attractions between molecules con…
Intermolecular forces
The forces that exist between molecules
Dipole-dipole forces
The force that exists because of the interactions of dipoles…
47 terms
Chapter 10- Liquids and Solids
normal boiling point
molar heat of fusion
intramolecular
intermolecular
boiling point at a pressure of 1 atm
energy required to melt 1 mole of a substance
forces between atoms in a molecule
forces between molecules in a solid
normal boiling point
boiling point at a pressure of 1 atm
molar heat of fusion
energy required to melt 1 mole of a substance
43 terms
AP Chem Chapter 10- Liquids and Solids
condensed states
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
the attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
condensed states
liquids and solids
intermolecular forces
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules
18 terms
Chemistry liquids and solids
Intermolecular forces
types of intermolecular forces
The stronger the attractive forces the…
Force of attraction between induced di…
Forces between molecules determining physical properties
Ionic ... Dipole-dipole ... Hydrogen Bonding... London dispersion
Boiling point and melting point
London dispersion
Intermolecular forces
Forces between molecules determining physical properties
types of intermolecular forces
Ionic ... Dipole-dipole ... Hydrogen Bonding... London dispersion
67 terms
solids and liquids, chapter 10
how is the atom arrangement of crystal…
what are some examples of crystalline…
what are the properties of a solid det…
how are ionic solids held together
they have a regular arrangement
ionic, molecular, and atomic/elemental
they are determined by the nature of the forces between their…
by strong forces of attraction, (oppositely charged ions)
how is the atom arrangement of crystal…
they have a regular arrangement
what are some examples of crystalline…
ionic, molecular, and atomic/elemental
19 terms
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
Hydrogen bonds account for which of th…
Which of the following should have the…
Which of the species below would you e…
The molecules in a sample of solid SO2…
For its molar mass, water has a high boiling point
N2
CH4
covalent bonding and dipole-dipole interactions
Hydrogen bonds account for which of th…
For its molar mass, water has a high boiling point
Which of the following should have the…
N2
22 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 10 IMF's, Liquids, and Solids
Surface tension in a liquid is due to…
In which one of the following will dip…
With which type of substances do Londo…
Which one of the following substances…
1. Surface molecules are pulled toward the interior... 2. liquid…
HCl
Non-polar molecules
CH3OH
Surface tension in a liquid is due to…
1. Surface molecules are pulled toward the interior... 2. liquid…
In which one of the following will dip…
HCl
46 terms
Chem Chapter 10 - Solids and Liquids
Surface Tension
Surfactant
Cohesive Force
Adhesive Force
A resistance in liquids to create new surfaces due to the imb…
Changes attractive forces between water molecules and breaks…
Force of attraction between molecules of the same substance
Force of attraction between molecules of different substances
Surface Tension
A resistance in liquids to create new surfaces due to the imb…
Surfactant
Changes attractive forces between water molecules and breaks…
51 terms
Zumdahl's Chemistry 9e: Chapter 10 Liquids and Solids
condensed states
intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole attraction
hydrogen bonding
liquids and solids (§ 10.1)
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules (§…
the attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
unusually strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur among m…
condensed states
liquids and solids (§ 10.1)
intermolecular forces
relatively weak interactions that occur between molecules (§…
25 terms
Chemistry Final - Chapter 10: Liquids, Solids, & Phase Changes
Liquids
Solids
Electronegativity
Intermolecular Forces
attractive forces and slippage or motion
attractive forces and no motion
ability of an atom to attract shared electrons (in a bond). P…
attractions between "molecules" that hold them together (from…
Liquids
attractive forces and slippage or motion
Solids
attractive forces and no motion
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