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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 11 atomic theory"

45 terms
Chemistry 2 Chapter 11 Modern Atomic Theory
All waves can described in terms of th…
A beam of blue light has a wavelength…
Early in this century, scientists foun…
The ___ of a wave is the number of com…
Frequency
5.04 x 10^14 s^-1
Particles
Frequency
All waves can described in terms of th…
Frequency
A beam of blue light has a wavelength…
5.04 x 10^14 s^-1
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 11 Atomic Theory
Rutherford's model
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
...
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
the distance between 2 consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves per second that pass a given point in space
Rutherford's model
...
electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
8 terms
Chapter 11 Atomic Theory Chemistry atom people
Democritus
Dalton
JJ Thomson
Rutherford
1st idea of the atom
bowling ball model, law of definite proportions, all atoms of…
plum pudding model, discovered electrons
gold foil experiment, positive nucleus with negative electrons
Democritus
1st idea of the atom
Dalton
bowling ball model, law of definite proportions, all atoms of…
22 terms
Chemistry Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
wavelength
frequency
increase in wavelength
light
the distance between 2 consecutive peaks
the number of times per second a complete cycle of upward and…
decreased frequency
a form of energy and a form of electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
the distance between 2 consecutive peaks
frequency
the number of times per second a complete cycle of upward and…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 11 Modern Atomic Theory
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Has a small, dense nucleus, which is positively charged, cont…
Has a positive charge, found in the Nucleus, nearly equal to…
carries no electric charge, that is found in the nucleus of a…
a subatomic particle that has a negative charge... and is found…
Atom
Has a small, dense nucleus, which is positively charged, cont…
Proton
Has a positive charge, found in the Nucleus, nearly equal to…
71 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 11, Modern Atomic Theory
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
speed
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
(symbolized by Greek letter lambda, λ) the distance between t…
(symbolized by Greek letter nu, v) indicates how many wave pe…
represents how many waves propagate through space
electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
wavelength
(symbolized by Greek letter lambda, λ) the distance between t…
39 terms
Chemistry Chapter 11- Modern Atomic Theory
amplitude
Aufbau principle
bright line spectrum/atomic line spect…
continuous
the distance between the waves peaks or troughs from the center
electrons are "built up" in an atom from orbitals of lowest e…
emission spectra of atoms in the gas phase at low pressure. O…
When any value works. Infinite values possible. (ramp)
amplitude
the distance between the waves peaks or troughs from the center
Aufbau principle
electrons are "built up" in an atom from orbitals of lowest e…
32 terms
Chemistry Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory Vocabulary
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
energy is transmitted from one place to another in the form o…
forms of electromagnetic radiation
distance between two consecutive wave peaks
how many wave peaks pass a certain point per second
electromagnetic radiation
energy is transmitted from one place to another in the form o…
electromagnetic spectrum
forms of electromagnetic radiation
38 terms
Chemistry Chapter 11- The Modern Atomic Theory
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
radiowaves
microwave
energy that is transmitted in the form of a wave
forms of electromagnetic radiation
longest wavelength, used to transmit
causes heat by making water molecules vibrate
electromagnetic radiation
energy that is transmitted in the form of a wave
electromagnetic spectrum
forms of electromagnetic radiation
28 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 11 (Modern Atomic Theory)
Wavelength
Frequency
Inversely
Inversely
(λ) The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in…
(ν) The number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given…
Frequency and wavelength are ___________ proportional
Energy and wavelength are ___________ proportional
Wavelength
(λ) The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in…
Frequency
(ν) The number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given…
31 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 11 Model Atomic Theory
What is the electromagnetic spectrum?
Em Spectrum
What is the relationship between wave-…
What is electromagnetic radiation?
The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of all possible fre…
Radio-waves, Micro-waves, IR(infrared), ROYGBIV(Red, Orange,…
It is an inverse relation. The longer the wave length, the sl…
Energy that is being transmitted from one place to another.
What is the electromagnetic spectrum?
The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of all possible fre…
Em Spectrum
Radio-waves, Micro-waves, IR(infrared), ROYGBIV(Red, Orange,…
85 terms
Chemistry-Chapter 11-Modern Atomic Theory
Rutherford's Atom
Major question that Rutherford had lef…
Electromagnetic Radiation
How do these various types of electrom…
-he bombarded metal foil with alpha particles whicj resulted…
What were the electrons doing? That is how are the electrons…
Energy that is being transmitted from one place to another by…
The characteristics of the waves
Rutherford's Atom
-he bombarded metal foil with alpha particles whicj resulted…
Major question that Rutherford had lef…
What were the electrons doing? That is how are the electrons…
16 terms
CHAPTER 11 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY (CHEMISTRY)
Octet
Duet
Ground State
Chemilumescence
The observation that atoms of nonmetals for the most stable m…
The observation that some molecules for in which the atoms co…
Electron "orbital" where electrons has the least energy
Cool light produced by reaction
Octet
The observation that atoms of nonmetals for the most stable m…
Duet
The observation that some molecules for in which the atoms co…
30 terms
Chemistry 2 Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
electromagnetic radiation
How does light travel?
speed of light
wavelength
a form of energy like heat or electricity
through space in waves
3.0×10^8 m/s
the distance between two adjacent peaks in the wave; relates…
electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy like heat or electricity
How does light travel?
through space in waves
18 terms
Chemistry Chapter 11 Modern Atomic Theory Vocab
Octet
Duet
Ground state
chemilumesence
The stable configuration of either outer electrons
when a H atom must only have 2 electrons filling its outer or…
The orbital where an electron occupies with least energy
cool light produced by chemical reaction
Octet
The stable configuration of either outer electrons
Duet
when a H atom must only have 2 electrons filling its outer or…
45 terms
Barrette~ Chemistry ~ Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
nucleus
protons
neutrons
Rutherford's Atom
small positive core of the atom
positively charged particles
neutral particles
Concept of a nuclear atom, Gold-Foil experiment, him and his…
nucleus
small positive core of the atom
protons
positively charged particles
71 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 11, Modern Atomic Theory
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
speed
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
(symbolized by Greek letter lambda, λ) the distance between t…
(symbolized by Greek letter nu, v) indicates how many wave pe…
represents how many waves propagate through space
electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
wavelength
(symbolized by Greek letter lambda, λ) the distance between t…
45 terms
Chemistry 2 Chapter 11 Modern Atomic Theory
All waves can described in terms of th…
A beam of blue light has a wavelength…
Early in this century, scientists foun…
The ___ of a wave is the number of com…
Frequency
5.04 x 10^14 s^-1
Particles
Frequency
All waves can described in terms of th…
Frequency
A beam of blue light has a wavelength…
5.04 x 10^14 s^-1
44 terms
Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
Electromagnetic Radition
Wavelength
Frequency
Photon
Energy transmitted from one place to another by light
Lambda: The distance between two consecutive points peaks or…
Nu; This is how many waves pass a point per second.
A stream of tiny packets of energy
Electromagnetic Radition
Energy transmitted from one place to another by light
Wavelength
Lambda: The distance between two consecutive points peaks or…
12 terms
World of Chemistry Chapter 11 - Modern Atomic Theory
What is significant about Rutherford's…
What does an atom do when it is in an…
What does an atom do when it returns t…
What is an atom's ground state?
Discovered atomic nucleus, imagined electrons orbiting nucleus
absorb energy (heat/light)
emits energy in a wave of colored light that corresponds with…
the lowest energy state which excited atoms are always trying…
What is significant about Rutherford's…
Discovered atomic nucleus, imagined electrons orbiting nucleus
What does an atom do when it is in an…
absorb energy (heat/light)
28 terms
Chemistry I H Chapter 11-Modern Atomic Theory {Duhon}
_________________ was able to show tha…
_____________ suggested that electrons…
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
Rutherford
Rutherford
when energy is transmitted from one place to another by light.
the distance between two consecutive wave peaks.
_________________ was able to show tha…
Rutherford
_____________ suggested that electrons…
Rutherford
39 terms
Chapter 11 Modern Atomic Theory
Describe the events that occur when en…
Why isn't the bohr model always correct?
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
When an atom absorbs energy (usually in the form of heat and…
Bohr did not take in account sub levels or the order in filli…
energy that is transmitted from 1 place to another in the for…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wa…
Describe the events that occur when en…
When an atom absorbs energy (usually in the form of heat and…
Why isn't the bohr model always correct?
Bohr did not take in account sub levels or the order in filli…
39 terms
Chapter 11 Modern Atomic Theory
excited state
ground state
different wavelengths of light
a beam of red light has _______ energy…
atom with excess energy ... -can release some or all of its exce…
lowest possible energy state of an atom
carry different amounts of energy per photon
lower
excited state
atom with excess energy ... -can release some or all of its exce…
ground state
lowest possible energy state of an atom
85 terms
Chapter 11- Modern Atomic Theory
Thomson
Rutherford
Rutherford, Bohr
hard
_____ finds the electron (old atomic theory)
_______ finds nucleus (old atomic theory)
_______ & _______ thought electrons revolve like a planet, bu…
Is it easy or hard to predict the exact location and speed of…
Thomson
_____ finds the electron (old atomic theory)
Rutherford
_______ finds nucleus (old atomic theory)
17 terms
Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Photons
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
a particle of electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic Radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
99 terms
Atoms and Atomic Theory (Chapter 11)
400 BC; Greek philosopher. Named the a…
Greek philosopher who disagreed with D…
1803; British chemist and teacher. Per…
1897. Discovered that there are small…
Democritus
Aristotle
John Dalton
Sir Joseph John Thomson
400 BC; Greek philosopher. Named the a…
Democritus
Greek philosopher who disagreed with D…
Aristotle
58 terms
Atomic Theory, Chapter 11
An atom's nucleus contains positively…
The nucleus is very _____ compared to…
Visible light is the part we can see,…
Light has characteristics of both a pa…
1. protons... 2. neutrons
a. small... b. electrons
SMALL
photons
An atom's nucleus contains positively…
1. protons... 2. neutrons
The nucleus is very _____ compared to…
a. small... b. electrons
32 terms
Atomic theory chapter 11
Continuous
Discontinous
Democritus
Aristotle
Everything made up of blobs, endless
Substances made of small particles, ends
Believed in discontinuous. Came up with atomos or invisible t…
Believed in continuous theory, people had the influence he wa…
Continuous
Everything made up of blobs, endless
Discontinous
Substances made of small particles, ends
19 terms
Chapter 11 - Atomic Theory
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
six regions of EM (lowest to highest)
the distance between two consecutive waves
the number of waves that travels past a fixed point per second
the height of a wave
radiowave, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, x-ray, gamma…
wavelength
the distance between two consecutive waves
frequency
the number of waves that travels past a fixed point per second
15 terms
Atomic Theory Chapter 11
protons, neutrons, and electrons
protons
atomic number
atomic number
3 subatomic particles
positively charged, found in the nucleus, mass of 1 amu
the number of protons determines the identity of the element
tells the number of protons and electrons
protons, neutrons, and electrons
3 subatomic particles
protons
positively charged, found in the nucleus, mass of 1 amu
19 terms
Chapter 11 atomic theory
Atoms
Electrons
Nucleus
Electron clouds
The smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
A subatomic particle that has been negative charge - it has t…
In physical science atom's central region, which is made up o…
A region around the nucleus of an atom where electrons are li…
Atoms
The smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
Electrons
A subatomic particle that has been negative charge - it has t…
21 terms
Chapter 11 Modern Atomic Theory
Transverse Waves
Longitudinal Waves
Standing Waves
Frequency (v)
(Light waves) Wave vibrates at right angles to the direction…
(Sound waves) Wave vibrates in the same direction that it moves
Half wavelength repeated a whole number of times
Number of waves passing a given point in one second. Measured…
Transverse Waves
(Light waves) Wave vibrates at right angles to the direction…
Longitudinal Waves
(Sound waves) Wave vibrates in the same direction that it moves
9 terms
Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
electromagnetic spectrum
electron configuration
noble gas configuration
orbital filling diagram
electron arrangement in an atom
shortening the electron configuration
electromagnetic spectrum
electron configuration
electron arrangement in an atom
24 terms
Chapter 11- Atomic Theory
Electron
Nucleus
Protons
Neutron
Particle with a negative electric charge
Most of an atoms mass is located
Particles with a positive electric charge
No electric charge
Electron
Particle with a negative electric charge
Nucleus
Most of an atoms mass is located
38 terms
Chem- Chapter 11 (Modern Atomic Theory)
amplitude
atomic line/bright line spectrum
Aufbau Principle
core electrons
the maximum extent of a vibration, measured from the position…
emission spectra of atoms in gas phase at low pressure, visib…
Principle that states that electrons build up in an atom from…
the electrons in an atom that are not valence electrons and t…
amplitude
the maximum extent of a vibration, measured from the position…
atomic line/bright line spectrum
emission spectra of atoms in gas phase at low pressure, visib…
26 terms
Chapter 11 Atomic Theory: The Quantum Model of the Atom
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
Speed of light
velocity of a wave
energy that forms as waves, electric and magnetic fields.... X r…
range of possible electromagnetic radiation wavelengths and f…
c 3.00x10^8m/s
c = wavelength(lambda) x frequency(nu)
electromagnetic radiation
energy that forms as waves, electric and magnetic fields.... X r…
electromagnetic spectrum
range of possible electromagnetic radiation wavelengths and f…
17 terms
Chapter 11 atomic theory chemistry Important numbers, equations, and rules
speed of light
speed of light eqn
wave energy eqn
what are wavelengths measured in?
3.0X10⁸ m/s
3.0X10⁸m/s = Wavelength x frequency
energy of wave = planks constant x frequency
nanometers (1 meter = 10⁹ nanometers)
speed of light
3.0X10⁸ m/s
speed of light eqn
3.0X10⁸m/s = Wavelength x frequency
24 terms
Chemistry 11 Atomic Theory
Greek Periodic Table
Aristotle
Democritus
Daltons Atomic Theory
Fire, water, earth, air
Properties of greek periodic table (hot/wet/dry/cold)
Atom
-atoms are different... -compounds have specific combinations of…
Greek Periodic Table
Fire, water, earth, air
Aristotle
Properties of greek periodic table (hot/wet/dry/cold)
12 terms
Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
valence electrons
ground state
excited state
photon
electrons in atom's outermost energy levels that are associat…
the lowest energy state of an atom
a state that has a higher energy than the ground state
the energy is emitted in the form of ________________
valence electrons
electrons in atom's outermost energy levels that are associat…
ground state
the lowest energy state of an atom
22 terms
Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
electromagnetic radiation
atomic emission spectrum
wavelength
frequency
energy transmitted from one place to another by light (ex. X-…
the unique spectra of light emitted by an element when electr…
the distance between two consecutive wave peaks
indicates how many wave peaks pass a certain point per given…
electromagnetic radiation
energy transmitted from one place to another by light (ex. X-…
atomic emission spectrum
the unique spectra of light emitted by an element when electr…
75 terms
Modern Atomic Theory (Chapter 11) [Chem]
wave
white light (e.g. light bulb)
they have shorter wavelengths and ther…
they have longer wavelengths and there…
Energy travels through space as a __________________.
Visible color // light is known as?
Why are high energy waves dangerous?
Why are low energy waves less dangerous?
wave
Energy travels through space as a __________________.
white light (e.g. light bulb)
Visible color // light is known as?
17 terms
STH Chemistry Final Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
Wavelength
Frequency
Amplitude
Photon
The distance between two waves
the number of waves that pass a given point per unit of time
...
A tiny packet of energy
Wavelength
The distance between two waves
Frequency
the number of waves that pass a given point per unit of time
30 terms
Chapter 11--Modern atomic theory
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength λ
Frequency v
Proposed by Einstein
Radiant energy that travels in waves
Distance between 2 consecutive peaks
How many waves pass a point in 1sec
Light can also act like a "particle"
Electromagnetic radiation
Radiant energy that travels in waves
Wavelength λ
Distance between 2 consecutive peaks
45 terms
Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
nucleus
protons
neutrons
Rutherford's Atom
small positive core of the atom
positively charged particles
neutral particles
Concept of a nuclear atom, Gold-Foil experiment, him and his…
nucleus
small positive core of the atom
protons
positively charged particles
24 terms
Chapter 11: Modern Atomic Theory
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
photons
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
The number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
"Particles" of electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic radiation
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
wavelength
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
34 terms
Chapter 11- Modern Atomic Theory
octet rule
metals
nonmetals
representative elements
all elements want to fill their outer energy level e- (be lik…
do not hold e- tightly & lose e- to form cation
hold tightly to e- & gain e- to form anions
are filling s & p orbitals
octet rule
all elements want to fill their outer energy level e- (be lik…
metals
do not hold e- tightly & lose e- to form cation
18 terms
Chapter 11 Modern Atomic Theory
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
photons
energy transmitted from one place to another by light
the distance (measured in the direction of propagation) betwe…
the number of complete waves that pass a given point in a cer…
a quantum of light; a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
electromagnetic radiation
energy transmitted from one place to another by light
wavelength
the distance (measured in the direction of propagation) betwe…
18 terms
Chapter 11 Modern Atomic Theory
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
photons
energy transmitted from one place to another by light
the distance (measured in the direction of propagation) betwe…
the number of complete waves that pass a given point in a cer…
a quantum of light; a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
electromagnetic radiation
energy transmitted from one place to another by light
wavelength
the distance (measured in the direction of propagation) betwe…
29 terms
Chapter 11 modern atomic theory
Electromagnetic radiation and energy
Wavelength
Frequency
Velocity
Light energy that exhibits wave like behavior and travels thr…
Distance between two neighboring peaks symbol is lambda (look…
Number of peaks that pass a point each second. The unit is cy…
Distance a peak moves in a unit of time meters per second v=…
Electromagnetic radiation and energy
Light energy that exhibits wave like behavior and travels thr…
Wavelength
Distance between two neighboring peaks symbol is lambda (look…
12 terms
Chemistry ch 11 modern atomic theory
aufbau principle
hunds rule
What is electromagnetic radiation
says to build up - fill electrons from lowest energy level to…
1 electron per orbit before can double up - electron configur…
FLUCTUATIONS OF ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS WHICH CAN TRANSP…
aufbau principle
says to build up - fill electrons from lowest energy level to…
hunds rule
1 electron per orbit before can double up - electron configur…
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