Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 12"

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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 12"

Chemistry Chapter 12 vocab
Capillary Action
Vaporization
amorphous solid
crystal
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
The change of state from a liquid to a gas
A solid made up of particles that are not arranged in a regul…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
Capillary Action
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
Vaporization
The change of state from a liquid to a gas
Chemistry: Chapter 12 Vocabulary
actual yield
excess reagent
limiting reagent
mole ratio
the amount of product that forms when a reaction is carried o…
a reagent present in a quantity that is more than sufficient…
any reactant that is used up first in a chemical reaction; it…
a conversion factor derived from the coefficients of a balanc…
actual yield
the amount of product that forms when a reaction is carried o…
excess reagent
a reagent present in a quantity that is more than sufficient…
Chapter 12 Chemistry
Acidic solution
Alkaline solution
Alkanolamines
Alkalis
Ph below 7.0
Ph above 7.0
substance used to neutralize acids or raise the pH of many ha…
Bases
Acidic solution
Ph below 7.0
Alkaline solution
Ph above 7.0
15 terms
chemistry chapter 12
pH =potential hydrogen
pH scale
inorganic chemistry
element
pH represents the quantity of hydrogen ions.
A measure of the acidity and alkalinity of a substance; pH sc…
The study of substances that do not contain the element carbo…
The simplest from of chemical matter;an element cannot be bro…
pH =potential hydrogen
pH represents the quantity of hydrogen ions.
pH scale
A measure of the acidity and alkalinity of a substance; pH sc…
Chemistry Chapter 12 States of Matter
kinetic-molecular theory
elastic collision
temperature
diffusion
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles of motion
collision in which no kinetic energy is lost
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
the movement of one material through another from an area of…
kinetic-molecular theory
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles of motion
elastic collision
collision in which no kinetic energy is lost
Chemistry Chapter 12: Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Postulates of Kinetic Molecular Theory
Ideal Gas
Pressure
All matter is composed of particles that are constantly in mo…
Gases are fluids, particles undergo elastic collisions(no net…
One that follows the postulates of KMT
force/area
Kinetic Molecular Theory
All matter is composed of particles that are constantly in mo…
Postulates of Kinetic Molecular Theory
Gases are fluids, particles undergo elastic collisions(no net…
Chemistry Chapter 12
Chemical Bond
Bond Energy
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Force that holds two or more atoms together and makes them a…
Energy required to break a chemical bond
Transfer of electrons... Metal and nonmetal ... Ex. Au-S... metal an…
Sharing electrons... Nonmetal and nonmetal
Chemical Bond
Force that holds two or more atoms together and makes them a…
Bond Energy
Energy required to break a chemical bond
35 terms
Chemistry Terms Chapter 12
solution
solute
solvent
miscible
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
the substance dissolved
does the dissolving
substances in the same phase that are completely soluble in e…
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
solute
the substance dissolved
Chemistry Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Actual Yield
Extra Reagent
Limiting reagent
Mole Ratio
Amount produced of a product
A substance used in a chemical reaction to detect, measure, e…
the substance that is totally consumed when the chemical reac…
ratio between the amounts in moles of any two compounds invol…
Actual Yield
Amount produced of a product
Extra Reagent
A substance used in a chemical reaction to detect, measure, e…
17 terms
Chemistry chapter 12
chemical bond
ionic compound
crystal lattice
ionic bonds
forces that hold atoms together to form molecules or polyatom…
compound made up of ions
definite geometric structure of ionic solid
strong electrostatic forces that hold the ions in fixed posit…
chemical bond
forces that hold atoms together to form molecules or polyatom…
ionic compound
compound made up of ions
23 terms
chapter 12 vocab-chemistry
Bond (chemical bond)
Bond energy
Ionic bonding
Ionic compound
the force that holds two or more atoms together and makes the…
the energy required to break a given chemical bond.
the attraction between oppositely charged ions.
a compound that results when a metal reacts with a nonmetal t…
Bond (chemical bond)
the force that holds two or more atoms together and makes the…
Bond energy
the energy required to break a given chemical bond.
Chemistry Chapter 12
Kinetic Molecular Theory
As temperature increases, __________.
Ideal gases are found ______.
Real gases are found ______.
1. Gas is composed of tiny particles that are far apart. Most…
heat energy increases
on Earth
in space and other extreme environments
Kinetic Molecular Theory
1. Gas is composed of tiny particles that are far apart. Most…
As temperature increases, __________.
heat energy increases
20 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry
molecular mass
molar volume
empirical formula
stoichometry
mass in atomic mass units of one molecule of a compound.
the volume occupied by 1 mole of a gas at standard temperatur…
A formula showing the lowest whole number ratio of atoms in a…
-amount of product of a chemical reaction can be predicted by…
molecular mass
mass in atomic mass units of one molecule of a compound.
molar volume
the volume occupied by 1 mole of a gas at standard temperatur…
33 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
Volume and Temperature
Pressure and Volume
Temperature and Pressure
At a higher temperature, particles move
Directly
Inversely
Directly
faster
Volume and Temperature
Directly
Pressure and Volume
Inversely
Chapter 12 Chemistry
--->
Mole Ratio
--->
--->
A balanced chemical equation provides the same kind of quanti…
A conversation factor derived from the coefficients of a bala…
In chemical calculations, mole ratios are used to convert bet…
In a typical stoichiometric problem, the given quantity is fi…
--->
A balanced chemical equation provides the same kind of quanti…
Mole Ratio
A conversation factor derived from the coefficients of a bala…
7 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 Vocabulary
actual yield
excess reactant
limiting reactant
mole ratio
The amount of product actually produced when a chemical react…
A reactant that remains after a chemical reaction stops.
A reactant that is totally consumed during a chemical reactio…
In a balanced equation, the ratio between the numbers of mole…
actual yield
The amount of product actually produced when a chemical react…
excess reactant
A reactant that remains after a chemical reaction stops.
Chemistry Chapter 12
Basic Gas Properties
Common units for pressure
1 atmosphere is equal to
Standard temperature and presure
Fluid, low density, easily compressed, completely fill a cont…
atmospheres, kilopascals, pascals, mm of mercury, torr
101.3 kPa, 101,325 Pa, 760 mmHg, 760 Torr
0C and 1atm
Basic Gas Properties
Fluid, low density, easily compressed, completely fill a cont…
Common units for pressure
atmospheres, kilopascals, pascals, mm of mercury, torr
Chapter 12 Chemistry
Intramolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Heat (Enthalpy) of fusion (ΔHfus)
Heat of vaporization (ΔHvap)
Forces exist withineach molecule (covalent, ionic, metallic b…
Forces that exist between particles.
The energy required to melt 1 mole of a solid at 1 atmosphere…
The amount of heat required to vaporize a substance at 1 atmo…
Intramolecular Forces
Forces exist withineach molecule (covalent, ionic, metallic b…
Intermolecular Forces
Forces that exist between particles.
Chemistry Chapter 12 & 13
kinetic molecular theory
assumptions of kinetic molecular theory
gas behavior
true
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles in motion
Particle size - extremely small. Particle motion - constant r…
low density - large amounts of empty space between particles…
t/f: gas will expand to fill a container and can be compresse…
kinetic molecular theory
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles in motion
assumptions of kinetic molecular theory
Particle size - extremely small. Particle motion - constant r…
50 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 Review
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Elastic Collision
Temperature
Diffuse
Describes the behaivor of matter in terms of particles in mot…
This is when energy is transferred , but no kinetic energy is…
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
The term used to describe the movement of one material throug…
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Describes the behaivor of matter in terms of particles in mot…
Elastic Collision
This is when energy is transferred , but no kinetic energy is…
Chemistry: Chapter 12
Diffusion
Effusion
Elasticity of Gases
Temperature & Gases
The spontaneous mixing of two gases due to constant random mo…
The movement of a gas through a small opening.... ex.) Helium ba…
The amount of kinetic energy that a gas has before colliding…
All gases have the same kinetic energy at the same temperatur…
Diffusion
The spontaneous mixing of two gases due to constant random mo…
Effusion
The movement of a gas through a small opening.... ex.) Helium ba…
32 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 12
Capillary Action
Fluid
Surface Tension
Vaporization
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its…
a force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surfa…
the process by which a liquid or a solid changes into a gas
Capillary Action
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
Fluid
a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its…
70 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry
plasma
elastic collision
temperature
diffusion
ionized gas
encounter between two bodies which the total kinetic energy o…
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
the movement of one material through another
plasma
ionized gas
elastic collision
encounter between two bodies which the total kinetic energy o…
32 terms
1320 Chemistry Chapter 12
FAD (oxidized form)
FADH2 (reduced form)
ribitol
Citric Acid Cycle (Kreb Cycle)
low energy form
high energy form
contain FAD and FADH2
8 steps
FAD (oxidized form)
low energy form
FADH2 (reduced form)
high energy form
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
Chemical bond
Bond energy
Ionic bonding
Ionic compound
The force that holds two or more atoms together and makes the…
The energy required to break a given chemical bond
The attraction between oppositely charged ions
A compound that results when a metal reacts with a nonmetal t…
Chemical bond
The force that holds two or more atoms together and makes the…
Bond energy
The energy required to break a given chemical bond
50 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 12
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Aqueous Soln
A homogenous mixture of two or more substances or components.
Majority component of a solution.
Minority component of a solution.
Water is the solvent and a solid, liquid, or gas is the solute.
Solution
A homogenous mixture of two or more substances or components.
Solvent
Majority component of a solution.
Chemistry Chapter 12
Main properties of liquids
Main properties of solids
Surface tension
Viscosity
High density it comparison to gases... Indefinite shape; Assume…
High density it comparison to gases... Definite shape; do not as…
The tendancy for liquids to minimize their surface area-- a d…
Resistance of liquids to flow
Main properties of liquids
High density it comparison to gases... Indefinite shape; Assume…
Main properties of solids
High density it comparison to gases... Definite shape; do not as…
23 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 12 Vocabulary
soluble
solution
solvent
solute
capable of dissolving in a particular solvent
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
in a solution, the substance in which the solute dissolves
in a solution, the substance that dissolves into the solvent
soluble
capable of dissolving in a particular solvent
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
13 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry
Balanced equation
Limiting reagent
Excess reagent
Theoretical yield
Thr coefficients can be used to form mole ratios, molecules,…
Reactant that is used up in the reactuon
Reactant that is not used up in the reaction
The maximum amount of product that could possibly be priduced…
Balanced equation
Thr coefficients can be used to form mole ratios, molecules,…
Limiting reagent
Reactant that is used up in the reactuon
22 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
capillary action
evaporation
fluid
freezing
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
the process by which particles escape from the surface of a n…
a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its…
the physical change of a liquid to a solid by the removal of…
capillary action
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
evaporation
the process by which particles escape from the surface of a n…
Chemistry Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Soluble
Solution
Solvent
Solute
a compounds ability or capability to dissolve in solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substance in a single ph…
the dissolving medium in a solution
the substance dissolved in a solution
Soluble
a compounds ability or capability to dissolve in solution
Solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substance in a single ph…
31 terms
chemistry chapter 12
adsorption
Brownian motion
colligative properties
colloidal dispersion (colloid)
the attraction of a substance to the surface of a solid
random movement of colloidal particles
any property such as vapor pressure lowering, freezing point…
mixture containing tiny clumps or particles that remain suspe…
adsorption
the attraction of a substance to the surface of a solid
Brownian motion
random movement of colloidal particles
46 terms
Chemistry- Chapter 12
Fluid
Surface tension
Capillary action
Vaporization
Substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its c…
A force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquids surfac…
The attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
Process by which a liquid or solid changes to a gas
Fluid
Substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its c…
Surface tension
A force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquids surfac…
20 terms
Chapter 12-Organic Chemistry
carbon
carbon
covalent bond
ionic bond
this element is central to organic chemistry
this element forms strong covalent bonds to C, O, N, H, S and…
this bond shares electrons between 2 molecules
this bond transfers electrons between 2 molecules
carbon
this element is central to organic chemistry
carbon
this element forms strong covalent bonds to C, O, N, H, S and…
56 terms
Chapter 12 Basics of Chemistry
Oxidizing Agent
Combustion
Reduction
Logarithm
a substance that releases oxygen
he rapid oxidation of a substance accompanied by the producti…
the process through which oxygen is subtracted from or hydrog…
means multiples of 10
Oxidizing Agent
a substance that releases oxygen
Combustion
he rapid oxidation of a substance accompanied by the producti…
33 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 12
chemical kinetics
reaction rate
instantaneous rate
rate law
the area of chemistry that concerns reaction rates
the change in concentration of a reactant or product per unit…
the value of the rate at a particular time
an expression that shows hoe the rate of reaction depends on…
chemical kinetics
the area of chemistry that concerns reaction rates
reaction rate
the change in concentration of a reactant or product per unit…
10 terms
Chemistry Vocab [Chapter 12]
actual yield
percent yield
stoichiometry
excess reactant
the amount of product actually produced by a chemical reaction
the ratio of the actual yield to the theoretical yield expres…
the study of the quantitative relationships among the amounts…
a reactant that has a portion remaining after the reaction ha…
actual yield
the amount of product actually produced by a chemical reaction
percent yield
the ratio of the actual yield to the theoretical yield expres…
8 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry Honors
6 Assumptions of Ideal Gases
Combined Gas Law
Ideal Gas Law
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure
1. Gases are tiny particles.... 2. The distance between the gas…
6 Assumptions of Ideal Gases
1. Gases are tiny particles.... 2. The distance between the gas…
Combined Gas Law
71 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 Study Guide
Bond
Bond Energy
Ionic Bonding
Ionic Compound
a force that holds groups of 2 or more atoms together and mak…
the energy required to break a given chemical bond.
the attraction between oppositely charged ions.
compound that results when a metal reacts with a nonmetal to…
Bond
a force that holds groups of 2 or more atoms together and mak…
Bond Energy
the energy required to break a given chemical bond.
Chemistry Chapter 12: Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Mole ratio
Limiting reagent
Excess reagent
The calculation of quantities in chemical reactions is a subj…
A conversion factor derived from coefficients of a balanced c…
The reagent that determines the amount of product that can be…
The reactant not completely used up in a reaction.
Stoichiometry
The calculation of quantities in chemical reactions is a subj…
Mole ratio
A conversion factor derived from coefficients of a balanced c…
46 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 & 13
Chemical Kinetics
Reactions Rates are affected by
Reaction Rate
Instantaneous rate
the study of the speed with which a chemical reaction occurs…
-concentration of reactants & products... -temperature of which…
defined as the change in concentration of a reactant of produ…
the rate at a particular time after a reaction; calculated us…
Chemical Kinetics
the study of the speed with which a chemical reaction occurs…
Reactions Rates are affected by
-concentration of reactants & products... -temperature of which…
35 terms
BJU Chemistry Chapter 12
Solutions
Solvent
Solutes
Miscible
Homogeneous mixtures of variable composition in a single phas…
The most abundant substance in a solution. The substance doin…
The substances being dissolved.
When two liquids mix to form a homogeneous mixture.
Solutions
Homogeneous mixtures of variable composition in a single phas…
Solvent
The most abundant substance in a solution. The substance doin…
Chemistry Chapter 12 Vocab
Solute
Solvent
Soluble
Tyndall Effect
what is dissolved
what does the dissolving
can be dissolved
dispersal of particles; ex. seeing beams of light through fog…
Solute
what is dissolved
Solvent
what does the dissolving
35 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12- Solutions
soluble
solution
solvent
solute
capable of being dissolved
homogenous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
the dissolving medium in a solution
the substance being dissolved in a solution
soluble
capable of being dissolved
solution
homogenous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
7 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry (T)
actual yield (p. 370)
excess reactant (p.364)
limiting reactant (p. 364)
mole ratio (p. 356)
The amount of product actually produced when a chemical react…
A reactant that remains after a chemical reaction stops
A reactant that is totally consumed during a chemical reactio…
In a balanced equation, the ratio between the numbers of mole…
actual yield (p. 370)
The amount of product actually produced when a chemical react…
excess reactant (p.364)
A reactant that remains after a chemical reaction stops
Chapter 12 Chemistry
Mixture
Physical
Alkaline
Silicone
A combination of substances that are held together by physica…
What type of change occurs when ice melts
If a product has a pH of 8.9, it's considered what
A special type of oil used in nail polish dryers and as a ski…
Mixture
A combination of substances that are held together by physica…
Physical
What type of change occurs when ice melts
28 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 12
Capillary Action
Fluid
Surface Tension
Vaporization
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its…
a force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surfa…
the process by which a liquid or a solid changes into a gas
Capillary Action
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
Fluid
a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its…
50 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
Barometer
Torr
mm/Hg
Standard Atmosphere
A device used to measure atmospheric pressure
Unit of measurement (that is interchangeable with mm/Hg) name…
Unit of measurement (interchangeable with the Torr) that stan…
Related unit for pressure measurement that is abbreviated ATM
Barometer
A device used to measure atmospheric pressure
Torr
Unit of measurement (that is interchangeable with mm/Hg) name…
chemistry chapter 12
Describe what happens to the relative…
Sodium chloride (NaCl) dissolves in wa…
Sodium chloride (NaCl) dissolves in wa…
Sodium chloride (NaCl) dissolves in wa…
As the ice melts, the kinetic energy of the molecules increas…
Water is a polar molecule, so it retains a partial positive c…
Ion-dipole interaction
The cation is attracted to the partially negative oxygen atom…
Describe what happens to the relative…
As the ice melts, the kinetic energy of the molecules increas…
Sodium chloride (NaCl) dissolves in wa…
Water is a polar molecule, so it retains a partial positive c…
26 terms
Chapter 12 vocab (chemistry)
bond
bond energy
ionic bonding
ionic compound
a force that holds groups of two or more atoms together and m…
the energy required to break the bond and is used to obtain i…
ionic substances are formed when an atom that loses electrons…
results when a metal reacts with a nonmetal
bond
a force that holds groups of two or more atoms together and m…
bond energy
the energy required to break the bond and is used to obtain i…
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