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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 12"

15 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 vocab
Capillary Action
Vaporization
amorphous solid
crystal
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
The change of state from a liquid to a gas
A solid made up of particles that are not arranged in a regul…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
Capillary Action
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
Vaporization
The change of state from a liquid to a gas
Chemistry Chapter 12 States of Matter
kinetic-molecular theory
elastic collision
temperature
diffusion
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles of motion
collision in which no kinetic energy is lost
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
the movement of one material through another from an area of…
kinetic-molecular theory
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles of motion
elastic collision
collision in which no kinetic energy is lost
15 terms
chemistry chapter 12
pH =potential hydrogen
pH scale
inorganic chemistry
element
pH represents the quantity of hydrogen ions.
A measure of the acidity and alkalinity of a substance; pH sc…
The study of substances that do not contain the element carbo…
The simplest from of chemical matter;an element cannot be bro…
pH =potential hydrogen
pH represents the quantity of hydrogen ions.
pH scale
A measure of the acidity and alkalinity of a substance; pH sc…
Chapter 12 Chemistry
Acidic solution
Alkaline solution
Alkanolamines
Alkalis
Ph below 7.0
Ph above 7.0
substance used to neutralize acids or raise the pH of many ha…
Bases
Acidic solution
Ph below 7.0
Alkaline solution
Ph above 7.0
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12: Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Postulates of Kinetic Molecular Theory
Ideal Gas
Pressure
All matter is composed of particles that are constantly in mo…
Gases are fluids, particles undergo elastic collisions(no net…
One that follows the postulates of KMT
force/area
Kinetic Molecular Theory
All matter is composed of particles that are constantly in mo…
Postulates of Kinetic Molecular Theory
Gases are fluids, particles undergo elastic collisions(no net…
Chemistry Chapter 12 & 13
kinetic molecular theory
assumptions of kinetic molecular theory
gas behavior
true
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles in motion
Particle size - extremely small. Particle motion - constant r…
low density - large amounts of empty space between particles…
t/f: gas will expand to fill a container and can be compresse…
kinetic molecular theory
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles in motion
assumptions of kinetic molecular theory
Particle size - extremely small. Particle motion - constant r…
26 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
Kinetic Molecular Theory
As temperature increases, __________.
Ideal gases are found ______.
Real gases are found ______.
1. Gas is composed of tiny particles that are far apart. Most…
heat energy increases
on Earth
in space and other extreme environments
Kinetic Molecular Theory
1. Gas is composed of tiny particles that are far apart. Most…
As temperature increases, __________.
heat energy increases
20 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry
molecular mass
molar volume
empirical formula
stoichometry
mass in atomic mass units of one molecule of a compound.
the volume occupied by 1 mole of a gas at standard temperatur…
A formula showing the lowest whole number ratio of atoms in a…
-amount of product of a chemical reaction can be predicted by…
molecular mass
mass in atomic mass units of one molecule of a compound.
molar volume
the volume occupied by 1 mole of a gas at standard temperatur…
17 terms
Chemistry chapter 12
chemical bond
ionic compound
crystal lattice
ionic bonds
forces that hold atoms together to form molecules or polyatom…
compound made up of ions
definite geometric structure of ionic solid
strong electrostatic forces that hold the ions in fixed posit…
chemical bond
forces that hold atoms together to form molecules or polyatom…
ionic compound
compound made up of ions
35 terms
Chemistry Terms Chapter 12
solution
solute
solvent
miscible
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
the substance dissolved
does the dissolving
substances in the same phase that are completely soluble in e…
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
solute
the substance dissolved
8 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 12 Vocabulary
actual yield
excess reagent
limiting reagent
mole ratio
the amount of product that forms when a reaction is carried o…
a reagent present in a quantity that is more than sufficient…
any reactant that is used up first in a chemical reaction; it…
a conversion factor derived from the coefficients of a balanc…
actual yield
the amount of product that forms when a reaction is carried o…
excess reagent
a reagent present in a quantity that is more than sufficient…
33 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
Volume and Temperature
Pressure and Volume
Temperature and Pressure
At a higher temperature, particles move
Directly
Inversely
Directly
faster
Volume and Temperature
Directly
Pressure and Volume
Inversely
23 terms
Chemistry, Chapter 12 BJU
Solutions
Miscible
Immiscible
Solubility
Homogeneous mixtures of variable composition in a single phase.
When two liquids mix to form a homogeneous mixture
Describes two liquids that can be mixed together but separate…
the maxium amount of a solute that can disolve in a specific…
Solutions
Homogeneous mixtures of variable composition in a single phase.
Miscible
When two liquids mix to form a homogeneous mixture
35 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry
Intramolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Heat (Enthalpy) of fusion (ΔHfus)
Heat of vaporization (ΔHvap)
Forces exist withineach molecule (covalent, ionic, metallic b…
Forces that exist between particles.
The energy required to melt 1 mole of a solid at 1 atmosphere…
The amount of heat required to vaporize a substance at 1 atmo…
Intramolecular Forces
Forces exist withineach molecule (covalent, ionic, metallic b…
Intermolecular Forces
Forces that exist between particles.
Chemistry Chapter 12
Basic Gas Properties
Common units for pressure
1 atmosphere is equal to
Standard temperature and presure
Fluid, low density, easily compressed, completely fill a cont…
atmospheres, kilopascals, pascals, mm of mercury, torr
101.3 kPa, 101,325 Pa, 760 mmHg, 760 Torr
0C and 1atm
Basic Gas Properties
Fluid, low density, easily compressed, completely fill a cont…
Common units for pressure
atmospheres, kilopascals, pascals, mm of mercury, torr
32 terms
1320 Chemistry Chapter 12
FAD (oxidized form)
FADH2 (reduced form)
ribitol
Citric Acid Cycle (Kreb Cycle)
low energy form
high energy form
contain FAD and FADH2
8 steps
FAD (oxidized form)
low energy form
FADH2 (reduced form)
high energy form
50 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 Review
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Elastic Collision
Temperature
Diffuse
Describes the behaivor of matter in terms of particles in mot…
This is when energy is transferred , but no kinetic energy is…
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
The term used to describe the movement of one material throug…
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Describes the behaivor of matter in terms of particles in mot…
Elastic Collision
This is when energy is transferred , but no kinetic energy is…
29 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 12
Diffusion
Effusion
Elasticity of Gases
Temperature & Gases
The spontaneous mixing of two gases due to constant random mo…
The movement of a gas through a small opening.... ex.) Helium ba…
The amount of kinetic energy that a gas has before colliding…
All gases have the same kinetic energy at the same temperatur…
Diffusion
The spontaneous mixing of two gases due to constant random mo…
Effusion
The movement of a gas through a small opening.... ex.) Helium ba…
20 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 12
heat
thermochemistry
exothermic reactions
endothermic reactions
- the energy that is transferred from one object to another d…
the study of the changes in heat in chemical reactions
reactions that release heat (to its surroundings)... - chemical…
reactions that absorb heat... - chemical reaction and phase chan…
heat
- the energy that is transferred from one object to another d…
thermochemistry
the study of the changes in heat in chemical reactions
23 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 12 Vocabulary
soluble
solution
solvent
solute
capable of dissolving in a particular solvent
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
in a solution, the substance in which the solute dissolves
in a solution, the substance that dissolves into the solvent
soluble
capable of dissolving in a particular solvent
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
70 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry
plasma
elastic collision
temperature
diffusion
ionized gas
encounter between two bodies which the total kinetic energy o…
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
the movement of one material through another
plasma
ionized gas
elastic collision
encounter between two bodies which the total kinetic energy o…
32 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 12
Capillary Action
Fluid
Surface Tension
Vaporization
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its…
a force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surfa…
the process by which a liquid or a solid changes into a gas
Capillary Action
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
Fluid
a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
Chemical bond
Bond energy
Ionic bonding
Ionic compound
The force that holds two or more atoms together and makes the…
The energy required to break a given chemical bond
The attraction between oppositely charged ions
A compound that results when a metal reacts with a nonmetal t…
Chemical bond
The force that holds two or more atoms together and makes the…
Bond energy
The energy required to break a given chemical bond
50 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 12
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Aqueous Soln
A homogenous mixture of two or more substances or components.
Majority component of a solution.
Minority component of a solution.
Water is the solvent and a solid, liquid, or gas is the solute.
Solution
A homogenous mixture of two or more substances or components.
Solvent
Majority component of a solution.
54 terms
Milady Chapter 12: Basics of Chemistry
acidic solution
alkaline solution
alkalis
alkanolamines
a solution that has a pH below 7.0 (neutral)
a solution that has a pH above 7.0 (neutral)
also known as bases; compounds that react with acids to form…
alkaline substance used to neutralize acids or raise the pH o…
acidic solution
a solution that has a pH below 7.0 (neutral)
alkaline solution
a solution that has a pH above 7.0 (neutral)
13 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry
Balanced equation
Limiting reagent
Excess reagent
Theoretical yield
Thr coefficients can be used to form mole ratios, molecules,…
Reactant that is used up in the reactuon
Reactant that is not used up in the reaction
The maximum amount of product that could possibly be priduced…
Balanced equation
Thr coefficients can be used to form mole ratios, molecules,…
Limiting reagent
Reactant that is used up in the reactuon
23 terms
chapter 12 vocab-chemistry
Bond (chemical bond)
Bond energy
Ionic bonding
Ionic compound
the force that holds two or more atoms together and makes the…
the energy required to break a given chemical bond.
the attraction between oppositely charged ions.
a compound that results when a metal reacts with a nonmetal t…
Bond (chemical bond)
the force that holds two or more atoms together and makes the…
Bond energy
the energy required to break a given chemical bond.
20 terms
BJU Chemistry Chapter 12
Solutions
Miscible
Immiscible
Solubility
Homogeneous mixtures of variable composition in a single phase.
When two liquids mix to form a homogeneous mixture
Describes two liquids that can be mixed together but separate…
the maxium amount of a solute that can disolve in a specific…
Solutions
Homogeneous mixtures of variable composition in a single phase.
Miscible
When two liquids mix to form a homogeneous mixture
20 terms
Chapter 12-Organic Chemistry
carbon
carbon
covalent bond
ionic bond
this element is central to organic chemistry
this element forms strong covalent bonds to C, O, N, H, S and…
this bond shares electrons between 2 molecules
this bond transfers electrons between 2 molecules
carbon
this element is central to organic chemistry
carbon
this element forms strong covalent bonds to C, O, N, H, S and…
22 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
capillary action
evaporation
fluid
freezing
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
the process by which particles escape from the surface of a n…
a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its…
the physical change of a liquid to a solid by the removal of…
capillary action
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
evaporation
the process by which particles escape from the surface of a n…
11 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry
--->
Mole Ratio
--->
--->
A balanced chemical equation provides the same kind of quanti…
A conversation factor derived from the coefficients of a bala…
In chemical calculations, mole ratios are used to convert bet…
In a typical stoichiometric problem, the given quantity is fi…
--->
A balanced chemical equation provides the same kind of quanti…
Mole Ratio
A conversation factor derived from the coefficients of a bala…
33 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 12
chemical kinetics
reaction rate
instantaneous rate
rate law
the area of chemistry that concerns reaction rates
the change in concentration of a reactant or product per unit…
the value of the rate at a particular time
an expression that shows hoe the rate of reaction depends on…
chemical kinetics
the area of chemistry that concerns reaction rates
reaction rate
the change in concentration of a reactant or product per unit…
53 terms
basic study of chemistry chapter 12
acidic solution
alkaline solution
alkalis
alkanolamines
a solution whose pH is less than 7
An alkaline solution has a pH above 7.
ph above 7.0, Also known as bases; compounds that react with…
Alkaline substances used to neutralize acids or raise the pH…
acidic solution
a solution whose pH is less than 7
alkaline solution
An alkaline solution has a pH above 7.
22 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary Chapter 12
acid ionization constant (Kc)
admixture
amphoteric
base ionization constant (Kb)
Equilibrium constant for the reaction of a weak acid with wat…
Chemical substances added to concrete to give it certain desi…
Able to react as either an acid or a base. (Also referred to…
Equilibrium constant for the reaction of a weak base with wat…
acid ionization constant (Kc)
Equilibrium constant for the reaction of a weak acid with wat…
admixture
Chemical substances added to concrete to give it certain desi…
46 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 & 13
Chemical Kinetics
Reactions Rates are affected by
Reaction Rate
Instantaneous rate
the study of the speed with which a chemical reaction occurs…
-concentration of reactants & products... -temperature of which…
defined as the change in concentration of a reactant of produ…
the rate at a particular time after a reaction; calculated us…
Chemical Kinetics
the study of the speed with which a chemical reaction occurs…
Reactions Rates are affected by
-concentration of reactants & products... -temperature of which…
40 terms
Chemistry 2 Chapter 12 Chemical Bonding
Lewis dot
Octet Rule
Duet Rule
Chemical Bond
consists of the symbol of an element and one dot for each val…
atoms react by gaining or losing electrons so as to acquire t…
Some elements are the most stable with their first orbital fi…
The force that holds two atoms together
Lewis dot
consists of the symbol of an element and one dot for each val…
Octet Rule
atoms react by gaining or losing electrons so as to acquire t…
71 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 Study Guide
Bond
Bond Energy
Ionic Bonding
Ionic Compound
a force that holds groups of 2 or more atoms together and mak…
the energy required to break a given chemical bond.
the attraction between oppositely charged ions.
compound that results when a metal reacts with a nonmetal to…
Bond
a force that holds groups of 2 or more atoms together and mak…
Bond Energy
the energy required to break a given chemical bond.
8 terms
Chapter 12 Chemistry Honors
6 Assumptions of Ideal Gases
Combined Gas Law
Ideal Gas Law
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure
1. Gases are tiny particles.... 2. The distance between the gas…
6 Assumptions of Ideal Gases
1. Gases are tiny particles.... 2. The distance between the gas…
Combined Gas Law
35 terms
BJU Chemistry Chapter 12
Solutions
Solvent
Solutes
Miscible
Homogeneous mixtures of variable composition in a single phas…
The most abundant substance in a solution. The substance doin…
The substances being dissolved.
When two liquids mix to form a homogeneous mixture.
Solutions
Homogeneous mixtures of variable composition in a single phas…
Solvent
The most abundant substance in a solution. The substance doin…
50 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
Barometer
Torr
mm/Hg
Standard Atmosphere
A device used to measure atmospheric pressure
Unit of measurement (that is interchangeable with mm/Hg) name…
Unit of measurement (interchangeable with the Torr) that stan…
Related unit for pressure measurement that is abbreviated ATM
Barometer
A device used to measure atmospheric pressure
Torr
Unit of measurement (that is interchangeable with mm/Hg) name…
8 terms
Chemistry - Vocabulary Chapter 12 - Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometric Calculation
Mole Ratio
Limiting Reagent
...
...
...
...
Stoichiometry
...
Stoichiometric Calculation
...
314 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 study
What is the major product of the react…
Water can be added to alkenes to produ…
The repeating unit in polmers is alway…
The compound is cis-3-hexene. (T/F)... (n…
OH... CH3 - CH2 -CH - CH3
False (it produces alcohols)
False
True
What is the major product of the react…
OH... CH3 - CH2 -CH - CH3
Water can be added to alkenes to produ…
False (it produces alcohols)
35 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12- Solutions
soluble
solution
solvent
solute
capable of being dissolved
homogenous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
the dissolving medium in a solution
the substance being dissolved in a solution
soluble
capable of being dissolved
solution
homogenous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
26 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
Main properties of liquids
Main properties of solids
Surface tension
Viscosity
High density it comparison to gases... Indefinite shape; Assume…
High density it comparison to gases... Definite shape; do not as…
The tendancy for liquids to minimize their surface area-- a d…
Resistance of liquids to flow
Main properties of liquids
High density it comparison to gases... Indefinite shape; Assume…
Main properties of solids
High density it comparison to gases... Definite shape; do not as…
28 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 12
Capillary Action
Fluid
Surface Tension
Vaporization
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its…
a force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surfa…
the process by which a liquid or a solid changes into a gas
Capillary Action
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
Fluid
a substance that can flow and therefore take the shape of its…
26 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
Kinetic Molecular Theory
As temperature increases, __________.
Ideal gases are found ______.
Real gases are found ______.
1. Gas is composed of tiny particles that are far apart. Most…
heat energy increases
on Earth
in space and other extreme environments
Kinetic Molecular Theory
1. Gas is composed of tiny particles that are far apart. Most…
As temperature increases, __________.
heat energy increases
15 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Benedict's Test
Carbonyl Group
An organic compound that contains the hydroxyl functional gro…
An organic compound with a carbonyl functional group bounded…
A test for aldehydes with adjacent hydroxyl groups in which C…
A functional group that contains a carbon-oxygen double bond…
Alcohol
An organic compound that contains the hydroxyl functional gro…
Aldehyde
An organic compound with a carbonyl functional group bounded…
115 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12-?
Hydroxylation
Oxidative cleavage
R
RC=O H
Addition of an OH group to the 2 carbons, double bond becomes…
Addition of Oxygen in a double bond; goes from alkene to alde…
carbon-hydrogen group
aldehyde
Hydroxylation
Addition of an OH group to the 2 carbons, double bond becomes…
Oxidative cleavage
Addition of Oxygen in a double bond; goes from alkene to alde…
22 terms
chemistry chapter 12
tetrahedral
trigonal planar
linear
bent
CH4, SNF3, NH3. ... 109.5 bond angle... 1 central atom, 4 bonded
BF3, CHO3... 120 bond angle... 1 central atom, 3 bonded
H2, N2O, O22-... 180 bond angle... 2 atom
NO2, H2Te, SO2-... <109.5 bond angle... 1 central atom, 2 bonded, 2…
tetrahedral
CH4, SNF3, NH3. ... 109.5 bond angle... 1 central atom, 4 bonded
trigonal planar
BF3, CHO3... 120 bond angle... 1 central atom, 3 bonded
21 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 12
Toluene
Furan
pyridine
Naphthalene
Toluene
Furan
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