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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 13 prentice hall"

48 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry - Chapter 13
kinetic energy
kinetic theory
molecules/atom
insignificant
The energy an object has because of its motion.
All matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
the particles in a gas usually consist of.
The particles in a gas are considered to be small, hard spher…
kinetic energy
The energy an object has because of its motion.
kinetic theory
All matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
17 terms
Chemistry Prentice Hall Chapter 13-14
Kinetic Theory
Kinetic Energy
Vaporization
Evaporation
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
the energy an object has because of its motion
the conversion of a liquid to a gas or vapor
when the conversion of a liquid to a gas or vapor occurs at t…
Kinetic Theory
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
Kinetic Energy
the energy an object has because of its motion
22 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocabulary
kinetic energy
kinetic theory
gas pressure
vacuum
The energy an object has because of its motion
a theory explaining the states of matter, based on the concep…
results from the force exerted by a gas per unit surface area…
a space where no particles of matter exist
kinetic energy
The energy an object has because of its motion
kinetic theory
a theory explaining the states of matter, based on the concep…
23 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocabulary
kinetic energy
kinetic theory
gas pressure
vacuum
the energy an object has because of its motion
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
results from the force exerted by a gas per unit surface area…
an empty space with no particles and no pressure
kinetic energy
the energy an object has because of its motion
kinetic theory
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
23 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocabulary
kinetic energy
kinetic theory
gas pressure
vacuum
the energy an object has because of its motion
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
results from the force exerted by a gas per unit surface area…
an empty space with no particles and no pressure
kinetic energy
the energy an object has because of its motion
kinetic theory
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
17 terms
Chemistry Prentice Hall Chapter 13-14
Kinetic Theory
Kinetic Energy
Vaporization
Evaporation
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
the energy an object has because of its motion
the conversion of a liquid to a gas or vapor
when the conversion of a liquid to a gas or vapor occurs at t…
Kinetic Theory
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
Kinetic Energy
the energy an object has because of its motion
21 terms
Chemistry (prentice hall) chapter 13 vocab
kinetic energy
kinetic theory
gas pressure
vacuum
energy object has because of motion
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
results from the force exerted by a gas per unit surface area…
empty space with no particles and no pressure
kinetic energy
energy object has because of motion
kinetic theory
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
15 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 13
pressure
Pressure Formula
fluid
Unit of Pressure
The force applied to an area.
Force /Area
Substance that fills its container.
Pascal
pressure
The force applied to an area.
Pressure Formula
Force /Area
51 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 13 Vocab
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Polyploid
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
an organism that has many sets of chromosomes
Selective Breeding
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
Hybridization
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
51 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 13
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Polyploid
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
an organism that has many sets of chromosomes
Selective Breeding
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
Hybridization
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
23 terms
Chemistry- Prentice Hall Chapter 3
accuracy
precision
accepted value
experimental value
a measure of how close a measurement comes to the actual or t…
a measure of how close a series of measurements are to to one…
A quantity used by general agreement of the scientific commun…
A quantitative value measured during an experiment
accuracy
a measure of how close a measurement comes to the actual or t…
precision
a measure of how close a series of measurements are to to one…
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 4
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Mass Unit
Atomic Number
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
the weighted average of the masses of the isotopes of an elem…
a unit of mass equal to one-twelfth the mass of a carbon-12 a…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element
Atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Atomic Mass
the weighted average of the masses of the isotopes of an elem…
17 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 6
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
halogen
cation
any metal in Group 1A of the periodic table
any metal in Group 2A of the periodic table
a nonmetal in Group 7A of the periodic table
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
alkali metals
any metal in Group 1A of the periodic table
alkaline earth metals
any metal in Group 2A of the periodic table
Chemistry-Prentice Hall Chapter 2
extensive property
intensive property
physical property
chemical property
property that depends on the amount of mass in a sample
property that depends on the type of mass in a sample
a quality or condition of a substance that can be observed or…
The ability of a substance to undergo a specific chemical cha…
extensive property
property that depends on the amount of mass in a sample
intensive property
property that depends on the type of mass in a sample
53 terms
Chapter 5 Prentice Hall Chemistry
energy levels
no
farther
quantum
Fixed energies an electron can have are called?
Can electrons in an atom be between energy levels?
The higher the electron is on the energy ladder is it closer…
The amount of energy required to move and electron from one e…
energy levels
Fixed energies an electron can have are called?
no
Can electrons in an atom be between energy levels?
31 terms
Prentice Hall economics Chapter 13
frictional unemployment
seasonal unemployment
structural unemployment
cyclical unemployment
unemployment that occurs when people take time to find a job
unemployment that occurs as a result of harvest schedules or…
unemployment that occurs when workers' skills do not match th…
unemployment that rises during economic downturns and falls w…
frictional unemployment
unemployment that occurs when people take time to find a job
seasonal unemployment
unemployment that occurs as a result of harvest schedules or…
24 terms
Chemistry: (Prentice Hall Chemistry) Chapter 13 Textbook Questions (WIP)
1. What pressure, in kilopascals and i…
2. The pressure at the top of Mount Ev…
3. Key Concept - Briefly describe the…
What does the triple point on a phase…
.51 atm and 51.3 kPa
3.33 atm; Greater
(1)The particles in a gas are considered to me small hard sph…
Gas pressure is the result of simultaneous collisions of bill…
1. What pressure, in kilopascals and i…
.51 atm and 51.3 kPa
2. The pressure at the top of Mount Ev…
3.33 atm; Greater
5 terms
Chemistry: (Prentice Hall Chemistry) Chapter 13 Textbook Terms to Know (WIP)
Kinetic energy
kinetic theory
Gas Pressure
Vacuum
H
Hg
...
...
Kinetic energy
H
kinetic theory
Hg
10 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 13
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
selective breeding
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
hybridization
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 13
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
selective breeding
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
hybridization
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 1
analytical chemistry
applied chemistry
biochemistry
biotechnology
the area of chemistry that focuses on the composition of matter
research that is directed toward a practical goal or applicat…
the area of chemistry that focuses on processes that take pla…
the field that applies science to the production of biologica…
analytical chemistry
the area of chemistry that focuses on the composition of matter
applied chemistry
research that is directed toward a practical goal or applicat…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 8
bond dissocation energy
bonding orbital
covalent bond
coordinate covalent bond
the energy required to break the bond between two covalently…
a molecule orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of a…
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
bond dissocation energy
the energy required to break the bond between two covalently…
bonding orbital
a molecule orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of a…
23 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic Table
Periodic Law
Groups or Families
Periods
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
The verticle rows in the periodic table.
The horizontal rows in the periodic table.
Periodic Table
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
Periodic Law
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
46 terms
Chapter 13: Prentice Hall Fluid Pressure
pressure
density
Archimedes' principle
buoyant force
force exerted over a cretain area
mass per unit volume
The rule that the buoyant force acting on a submerged object…
The upward force exerted by a fluid on a submerged object.
pressure
force exerted over a cretain area
density
mass per unit volume
17 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 6
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
anion
atomic radius
group 1
group 2
Negatively charged ion
one half the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of the…
alkali metals
group 1
alkaline earth metals
group 2
11 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 7
alloys
chemical formula
coordination number
electron dot structure
a mixture composed of two or more elements, at least one of w…
an expression that indicates the number and type of atoms pre…
the number of ions of opposite charge that surround each ion…
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
alloys
a mixture composed of two or more elements, at least one of w…
chemical formula
an expression that indicates the number and type of atoms pre…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 4
atom
Democritus
Dalton
Dalton's atomic theory
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
______ believed that atoms were indivisible and indestructible
By using experimental methods, _______ transformed Democritus…
the first theory to relate chemical changes to events at the…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Democritus
______ believed that atoms were indivisible and indestructible
12 terms
Prentice Hall Chapter 13 Vocabulary
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
selective breeding
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
hybridization
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 25
Radioactivity
Radiation
What are radioisotopes?
What happens during radioactive decay?
the process by which materials give off rays.
a radioactive source in which penetrating rays and particles…
the nuclei of unstable isotopes.
an unstable nucleus releases energy by emitting radiation
Radioactivity
the process by which materials give off rays.
Radiation
a radioactive source in which penetrating rays and particles…
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 6
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
halogen
cation
any metal in Group 1A of the periodic table
any metal in Group 2A of the periodic table
a nonmetal in Group 7A of the periodic table
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
alkali metals
any metal in Group 1A of the periodic table
alkaline earth metals
any metal in Group 2A of the periodic table
77 terms
Prentice hall Chemistry Ch 13
Diffusion
Elastic
Kinetic-molecular Theory
Atmospheric Pressure
Movement of one substance through another
Collision where no energy or motion is lost
Created by Clausis,Maxwell, and Boltzmann
Pressure exerted by air in the atmosphere
Diffusion
Movement of one substance through another
Elastic
Collision where no energy or motion is lost
11 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 9
Monatomic ions
Cation
Anions
Transition Metals Ions
consist of a single atom with a positive or negative charge r…
ions with a positive charge
ions with a negative charge
the group of metals located in groups 3-12 that can take on a…
Monatomic ions
consist of a single atom with a positive or negative charge r…
Cation
ions with a positive charge
28 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 6
What do metals in group 1A, 2A, and 3A…
Which element has the highest and lowe…
Elecronegativity
Ionization energy
They all lose electrons
Highest- Fluorine... Lowest- Francium
Ability of an atom to attract electrons when it is a compound
Energy required to move an electron from an atom
What do metals in group 1A, 2A, and 3A…
They all lose electrons
Which element has the highest and lowe…
Highest- Fluorine... Lowest- Francium
15 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 4
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Mass Unit
Atomic Number
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
the weighted average of the masses of the isotopes of an elem…
a unit of mass equal to one-twelfth the mass of a carbon-12 a…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element
Atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Atomic Mass
the weighted average of the masses of the isotopes of an elem…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 13
Shields
Photosynthesis
Stromatolites
Prokaryotes
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient metamorphic rock…
the process by which algae, and certain prokaryotes use light…
structure produced by algae trapping sediment and forming lay…
organism whose cells lack a nucleus and some other cell struc…
Shields
a large, relatively flat expanse of ancient metamorphic rock…
Photosynthesis
the process by which algae, and certain prokaryotes use light…
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 5
atomic orbital
photon
pauli exclusion principle
quantam
a mathematical expression describing the probability of findi…
a quantam of light, a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
an atomic orbital may describe at most two electrons, each wi…
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
atomic orbital
a mathematical expression describing the probability of findi…
photon
a quantam of light, a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
28 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 2
chemical change
chemical property
chemical reaction
chemical symbol
a change that produces matter with a different composition th…
the ability of a substance to undergo a specific chemical cha…
a change in which one or more reactants change into one or mo…
a one- or two-letter representation of an element
chemical change
a change that produces matter with a different composition th…
chemical property
the ability of a substance to undergo a specific chemical cha…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule consisting of two atoms
a compound that is composed of molecules
covalent bond
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
51 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 13
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Polyploid
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
an organism that has many sets of chromosomes
Selective Breeding
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
Hybridization
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 13
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
selective breeding
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
hybridization
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
51 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 13
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Polyploid
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
an organism that has many sets of chromosomes
Selective Breeding
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
Hybridization
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
51 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 13
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Polyploid
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
an organism that has many sets of chromosomes
Selective Breeding
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
Hybridization
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 13
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Genetic engineering
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
Selective Breeding
improving a species by only allowing individual organisms wit…
Hybridization
breeding that crosses dissimilar individuals to bring togethe…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 13
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
selective breeding
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
hybridization
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 13
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
selective breeding
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
hybridization
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Chapter 13 Science
energy
joules
potential energy
kinetic energy
ability to do work/change
what energy and work are measured in
stored energy
moving objects (mass and velocity)
energy
ability to do work/change
joules
what energy and work are measured in
16 terms
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 25
Radioactivity
Radiation
What happens during radioactive decay?
What are the three main types of radia…
the process by which materials give off rays.
a radioactive source in which penetrating rays and particles…
an unstable nucleus releases energy by emitting radiation
alpha, beta, and gamma.
Radioactivity
the process by which materials give off rays.
Radiation
a radioactive source in which penetrating rays and particles…
Prentice Hall Chemistry Chapter 5
atomic orbital
photon
pauli exclusion principle
hund's rule
a mathematical expression describing the probability of findi…
a quantam of light, a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
an atomic orbital may describe at most two electrons, each wi…
electrons occupy orbitals of the same energy in a way that ma…
atomic orbital
a mathematical expression describing the probability of findi…
photon
a quantam of light, a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
50 terms
Prentice Hall World History Chapter 13
sect
Henry VIII
Mary Tudor
Thomas Cranmer
religious groups that had broken away from an established chu…
was also known as the "Defender of the Faith." Had a wife nam…
Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon's daughter
was appointed archbishop of the new church. Annulled the king…
sect
religious groups that had broken away from an established chu…
Henry VIII
was also known as the "Defender of the Faith." Had a wife nam…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 13
selective breeding
hybridization
inbreeding
genetic engineering
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristic…
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
selective breeding
method of breeding that allows only those individual organism…
hybridization
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
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