How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 4 flashcards"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 4 flashcards"

16 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Actinide
Alkali metal
Alkaline-earth metal
Group
Shiny, metallic transition metals with atomic numbers 90-103.…
Highly reactive elements in Group 1 that react rapidly with w…
Reactive metallic elements in Group 2 with two electrons in t…
A series of elements that form a vertical column in the perio…
Actinide
Shiny, metallic transition metals with atomic numbers 90-103.…
Alkali metal
Highly reactive elements in Group 1 that react rapidly with w…
69 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Dalton's model
Thompson's Model
Rutherford's Model
Model of atom after Chadwick
Uniformly dense sphere. Also called the heat envelope model,…
Plum Pudding. Electrons in a sea of positive goo.
Nuclear model. NO neutrons until Chadwick
This added neutrons to the nucleus
Dalton's model
Uniformly dense sphere. Also called the heat envelope model,…
Thompson's Model
Plum Pudding. Electrons in a sea of positive goo.
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
19 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 4 Terminology
periodic law
valence electron
group
period
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table; elements…
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table.
periodic law
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
valence electron
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
18 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 4 Flashcards
Acid
Aqueous Solution
Base
Dilution equation
A substance that produces hydrogen ions in solution, a proton…
A solution in which water is the dissolving medium or solvent
A substance that produces hydroxide ions in aqueous solution,…
Acid
A substance that produces hydrogen ions in solution, a proton…
Aqueous Solution
A solution in which water is the dissolving medium or solvent
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocab
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
42 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Combined
atom
cathode ray
electron
nucleus
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely…
The extremely small, positively charged, dense center of an a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
cathode ray
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelenght
frequency
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
the distance from any point on a wave to an identical point o…
the number of cycles or vibrations per unit of time; also the…
electromagnetic radiation
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
electromagnetic spectrum
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
19 terms
Chemistry, Chapter 4: Atoms
Atom
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Democritus's Atomic Philosophy
Dalton's four major points in atomic t…
smallest particle of matter that retains the identify of an e…
an early theory relating chemical changes to events of the at…
In 300's BC reasoned that atoms were indivisible and indestru…
1. all elements are composed of tiny indivisible particles ca…
Atom
smallest particle of matter that retains the identify of an e…
Dalton's Atomic Theory
an early theory relating chemical changes to events of the at…
21 terms
Chapter 4 Chemistry Flashcards
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Electrolyte
A homogenous mixture of 2 or more substances
The substances present in the smaller amount(s)
The substance present in the larger amount
A substance that when dissolved in water, results in a soluti…
Solution
A homogenous mixture of 2 or more substances
Solute
The substances present in the smaller amount(s)
16 terms
Chapter 4 Chemistry Flashcards
Sometimes True
1) Protium- ... 1 Proton... 0 Neutrons ... Mass…
Carbon-12... 12... C... 6... Carbon-14... 14... C... 6
Proton= 1 amu... Neutron= 1 amu... Electron=…
Atoms combine in one-to-one ratios to from compounds. AT, ST,…
Name 3 isotopes of hydrogen.
How do you name an isotope? Example: Carbon
What is the relative mass of a proton neutron and electron?
Sometimes True
Atoms combine in one-to-one ratios to from compounds. AT, ST,…
1) Protium- ... 1 Proton... 0 Neutrons ... Mass…
Name 3 isotopes of hydrogen.
36 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Flashcards!
Element Symbols
Law of Constant Composition
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Atom
Abbreviation for the chemical elements
A given compound always contains elements in exactly the same…
A theory established by John Dalton in the early 1800s, used…
The fundamental unit of which elements are composed
Element Symbols
Abbreviation for the chemical elements
Law of Constant Composition
A given compound always contains elements in exactly the same…
48 terms
Chapter 4 Chemistry Flashcards
metals, non-metals, metalloids
malleable, ductile, conductors, vary i…
not the properties of metals
tend to have properties intermediate t…
3 main categories of elements
properties of metals
properties of non-metals
properties of metalloids
metals, non-metals, metalloids
3 main categories of elements
malleable, ductile, conductors, vary i…
properties of metals
18 terms
Chemistry Holt Chapter 4
Periodic Law
Valence Electron
Group
Main-Group Elements
The principle that chemical properties of the elements are pe…
An electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
A column of elements in the periodic table that share similar…
the p-block elements together with the s-block elements
Periodic Law
The principle that chemical properties of the elements are pe…
Valence Electron
An electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocabulary
element
proton
neutron
electron
a substance with only one type of atom
positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus
a neutrally charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus
negatively charged subatomic particle found in the electron c…
element
a substance with only one type of atom
proton
positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus
15 terms
Chemistry-- Chapter 4
frequency
ground state
excited state
photon
the number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time
the lowest energy state of an atom
a state in which an atom has a higher potential energy than i…
a particle of electromagnetic radiation that has zero rest ma…
frequency
the number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time
ground state
the lowest energy state of an atom
32 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Combined
atom
cathode ray
electron
nucleus
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely…
The extremely small, positively charged, dense center of an a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
cathode ray
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
28 terms
CP Chemistry Chapter 4
atom
atom
Dalton's atomic theory
How did Democritus describe atoms?
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
basic unit of matter
1) elements are composed of atoms. 2) atoms of same element a…
Believed that the atoms were indivisible and indestructible
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
atom
basic unit of matter
11 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Atom
Electron
Proton
Neutron
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Negatively charged subatomic particles
Positively charged subatomic particles
Subatomic particles with no charge
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Electron
Negatively charged subatomic particles
19 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
democritus suggested that matter is ma…
the modern process of discovery about…
the smallest particle that can no long…
negatively charged particles
atoms
john dalton
an atom
electrons
democritus suggested that matter is ma…
atoms
the modern process of discovery about…
john dalton
45 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves. Meas…
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, u…
electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
electromagnetic spectrum
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
13 terms
Chapter 4 Chemistry Vocab
wave-particle duality
Aufbau principle
valence electrons
Lewis structure
The concept that light, as well as many subatomic particles h…
Electrons fill orbitals starting with the lowest energy ones…
An atom's outermost electrons - elements with the same valenc…
the chemical symbol with a valence electron dot diagram
wave-particle duality
The concept that light, as well as many subatomic particles h…
Aufbau principle
Electrons fill orbitals starting with the lowest energy ones…
54 terms
Chemistry chapter 4
Atom
Democritus
Daltons atomic theory
Daltons atomic theory
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
A greek philosopher, was the first to suggest the idea of an…
All elements are composed of tiny individual particles called…
Atoms of the same element are identical.
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Democritus
A greek philosopher, was the first to suggest the idea of an…
56 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Organic Compounds
Hydrocarbons
HC Derivatives
Saturated HC's
Contain at least Carbon & Hydrogen atoms. May contain Oxygen…
Hydrogen Carbon only, Non polar, hydrophobic, London Force Bo…
Hydrogen Carbon + Oxygen or Nitrogen, Polar, hydrophilic
Single bonds, Alkanes
Organic Compounds
Contain at least Carbon & Hydrogen atoms. May contain Oxygen…
Hydrocarbons
Hydrogen Carbon only, Non polar, hydrophobic, London Force Bo…
22 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change - Chapter 4
Dalton's atomic theory
Atom
Cathode Ray
Electron
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Smallest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
Radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
Negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely sm…
Dalton's atomic theory
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
39 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Combined
atom
cathode ray
electron
nucleus
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely…
The extremely small, positively charged, dense center of an a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
cathode ray
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
Chemistry Chapter 4 Atom Structure
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
39 terms
Chapter 4 Chemistry Flashcards
-these people tried to make lead into…
-a given compound always has the same…
-elements are made of tiny particles c…
This is a distinct substance that is c…
Alchemists
Law of constant composition
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Compound
-these people tried to make lead into…
Alchemists
-a given compound always has the same…
Law of constant composition
24 terms
CHEMISTRY CHAPTER 4
Theory
model
atom
cathode ray
an explanation supported by many experiments; it is still sub…
a visual, verbal, and/or mathematical explanation of data col…
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
A stream of electrons produced at the negative electrode (cat…
Theory
an explanation supported by many experiments; it is still sub…
model
a visual, verbal, and/or mathematical explanation of data col…
28 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change - Chapter 4
Dalton's atomic theory
Democritus
Thomson
Cathode Ray
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Proposed that matter was not infinitely divisible, but instea…
Used the Cathode Ray tube to determine the charge-to-mass rat…
proved the existence of negatively charged particles; constru…
Dalton's atomic theory
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Democritus
Proposed that matter was not infinitely divisible, but instea…
23 terms
Chapter 4 - Chemistry Flashcards
What does the atomic number represent?
A carbon atom has a mass number of 12…
An isotope of mercury has 80 protons a…
If an atom has 18 electrons, how many…
The number of protons, It also is the number of electrons (e.…
12 - 6 = 6 neutrons
80 + 120 = 200, mass number
18 protons
What does the atomic number represent?
The number of protons, It also is the number of electrons (e.…
A carbon atom has a mass number of 12…
12 - 6 = 6 neutrons
27 terms
Chemistry Flashcards: Chapter 4
What two units are shown on the electr…
What does λ stand for?
What does v stand for?
What does c stand for?
Wavelength and Frequency
Wavelength
Frequency
speed of light ... c=3.0 x 10^8 m/s
What two units are shown on the electr…
Wavelength and Frequency
What does λ stand for?
Wavelength
13 terms
chemistry flashcards chapter 4
What is thermochemistry ?
What happens to bonds in chemical reac…
How can a bond be broken?
what happens when bonds are made?
the study of heat changes during chemical reaction
they can be formed or broken
energy must be put in
heat is given out
What is thermochemistry ?
the study of heat changes during chemical reaction
What happens to bonds in chemical reac…
they can be formed or broken
28 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
atom
atomic theory
protons
neutrons
Smallest particle of an element
theory that states all matter is made up of atoms, atoms from…
Positively charged particles
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
atom
Smallest particle of an element
atomic theory
theory that states all matter is made up of atoms, atoms from…
Chemistry Chapter 4
atom
Democritus
John Dalton
Dalton atomic theory 1
the smallest particle of matter that keeps the identity of an…
Greek philosopher who was the first recorded person to sugges…
first person to prove experimentally that atoms exist
all elements are composed of tiny particles called atoms
atom
the smallest particle of matter that keeps the identity of an…
Democritus
Greek philosopher who was the first recorded person to sugges…
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
the distance from any point on a wave to an identical point o…
the number of cycles or vibrations per unit of time; also the…
electromagnetic radiation
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
electromagnetic spectrum
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
30 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves.
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, u…
electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
electromagnetic spectrum
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
22 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change - Chapter 4
Dalton's atomic theory
Atom
Cathode Ray
Electron
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Smallest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
Radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
Negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely sm…
Dalton's atomic theory
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocab
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
10 terms
Chapter 4 Chemistry
ion
ionic bond
polyatomic ion
crystal
An atom or group of atoms that are electrically charged.
The attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
An ion that is made up of more than one atom.
An orderly, three-dimensional pattern of ions or atoms in a s…
ion
An atom or group of atoms that are electrically charged.
ionic bond
The attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
15 terms
Chapter 4 Chemistry
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Mass Unit (AMU)
Atomic Number
Smallest particle of an element
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
a unit of mass exactly equal to 1/12 the mass of a c-12 atom
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Atom
Smallest particle of an element
Atomic Mass
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
29 terms
Chapter 4 vocab Chemistry flashcards
Element symbols
Law of constant composition
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Atom
Representsifon of elements in the Periodic Table, Ex. S, Sn
A given compound always has the same composition, regardless…
Ex. Elements are made of tiny particles called atoms, All ato…
Materials that make up elements, include electons, neutrons,…
Element symbols
Representsifon of elements in the Periodic Table, Ex. S, Sn
Law of constant composition
A given compound always has the same composition, regardless…
40 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 4: Electrons
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves. Meas…
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, u…
electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
electromagnetic spectrum
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 THS
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves.
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, u…
electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
electromagnetic spectrum
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
19 terms
Chemistry chapter 4 vocab
Quanta
Quark
Mass number
Neutrino
Max Planck proposed that energy is radiated continuously in l…
A(n) _______ is a theoretical particle that is believed to be…
The ______ refers to the total number of nucleons is an atom.
A(n) _______ is an essentially massless, neutral lepton,
Quanta
Max Planck proposed that energy is radiated continuously in l…
Quark
A(n) _______ is a theoretical particle that is believed to be…
22 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change - Chapter 4
Dalton's atomic theory
Atom
Cathode Ray
Electron
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Smallest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
Radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
Negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely sm…
Dalton's atomic theory
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
87 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
What did Democritus reason about atoms?
How did Dalton transform Democritus's…
How can scientists observe individual…
Define atom
that they were indivisible and indestructible
through experimental methods
by using instruments such as scanning electron microscopes
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
What did Democritus reason about atoms?
that they were indivisible and indestructible
How did Dalton transform Democritus's…
through experimental methods
20 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Atomic Number
Mass Number
Ernest Rutherford
Empty Spaced
Protons and Electrons is referred to as
the__________________-the atomic number equals the amount of…
In 1911,_____________studied how positively charged alpha par…
Rutherford concluded that atoms are mostly____________ ______…
Atomic Number
Protons and Electrons is referred to as
Mass Number
the__________________-the atomic number equals the amount of…
20 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency (v)
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
All the forms of electromagnetic radiation
The distance between corresponding points
The number of waves that pass a given point in a specific tim…
Electromagnetic Radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
All the forms of electromagnetic radiation
1 of 10