Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 4"

69 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Dalton's model
Thompson's Model
Rutherford's Model
Model of atom after Chadwick
Uniformly dense sphere. Also called the heat envelope model,…
Plum Pudding. Electrons in a sea of positive goo.
Nuclear model. NO neutrons until Chadwick
This added neutrons to the nucleus
Dalton's model
Uniformly dense sphere. Also called the heat envelope model,…
Thompson's Model
Plum Pudding. Electrons in a sea of positive goo.
29 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Actinide
Alkali metal
Alkaline-earth metal
Group
Shiny, metallic transition metals with atomic numbers 90-103.…
Highly reactive elements in Group 1 that react rapidly with w…
Reactive metallic elements in Group 2 with two electrons in t…
A series of elements that form a vertical column in the perio…
Actinide
Shiny, metallic transition metals with atomic numbers 90-103.…
Alkali metal
Highly reactive elements in Group 1 that react rapidly with w…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
19 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 4 Terminology
periodic law
valence electron
group
period
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table; elements…
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table.
periodic law
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
valence electron
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocab
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
42 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Combined
atom
cathode ray
electron
nucleus
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely…
The extremely small, positively charged, dense center of an a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
cathode ray
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
Chemistry Chapter 4
Atom
Electron
Proton
Neutron
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Negatively charged subatomic particles
Positively charged subatomic particles
Subatomic particles with no charge
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Electron
Negatively charged subatomic particles
15 terms
Chemistry-- Chapter 4
frequency
ground state
excited state
photon
the number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time
the lowest energy state of an atom
a state in which an atom has a higher potential energy than i…
a particle of electromagnetic radiation that has zero rest ma…
frequency
the number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time
ground state
the lowest energy state of an atom
19 terms
Chemistry, Chapter 4: Atoms
Atom
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Democritus's Atomic Philosophy
Dalton's four major points in atomic t…
smallest particle of matter that retains the identify of an e…
an early theory relating chemical changes to events of the at…
In 300's BC reasoned that atoms were indivisible and indestru…
1. all elements are composed of tiny indivisible particles ca…
Atom
smallest particle of matter that retains the identify of an e…
Dalton's Atomic Theory
an early theory relating chemical changes to events of the at…
20 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency (v)
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
All the forms of electromagnetic radiation
The distance between corresponding points
The number of waves that pass a given point in a specific tim…
Electromagnetic Radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
All the forms of electromagnetic radiation
19 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
democritus suggested that matter is ma…
the modern process of discovery about…
the smallest particle that can no long…
negatively charged particles
atoms
john dalton
an atom
electrons
democritus suggested that matter is ma…
atoms
the modern process of discovery about…
john dalton
45 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves. Meas…
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, u…
electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
electromagnetic spectrum
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Chemistry -Chapter 4 Review Terms
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center of an atom (where the protons and neutrons are located)
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
particle that has no charge - located in the nucleus of an at…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
nucleus
center of an atom (where the protons and neutrons are located)
34 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Atom
How did the concept of the atom change…
Democritus' reasoning
John Dalton
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Democritus reasoned that atoms were indivisible and indestruc…
agreed with scientific theory but did not explain chemical be…
studied the ratios in which elements combine in chemical reac…
Atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
How did the concept of the atom change…
Democritus reasoned that atoms were indivisible and indestruc…
32 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Combined
atom
cathode ray
electron
nucleus
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely…
The extremely small, positively charged, dense center of an a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
cathode ray
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
54 terms
Chemistry chapter 4
Atom
Democritus
Daltons atomic theory
Daltons atomic theory
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
A greek philosopher, was the first to suggest the idea of an…
All elements are composed of tiny individual particles called…
Atoms of the same element are identical.
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Democritus
A greek philosopher, was the first to suggest the idea of an…
56 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Organic Compounds
Hydrocarbons
HC Derivatives
Saturated HC's
Contain at least Carbon & Hydrogen atoms. May contain Oxygen…
Hydrogen Carbon only, Non polar, hydrophobic, London Force Bo…
Hydrogen Carbon + Oxygen or Nitrogen, Polar, hydrophilic
Single bonds, Alkanes
Organic Compounds
Contain at least Carbon & Hydrogen atoms. May contain Oxygen…
Hydrocarbons
Hydrogen Carbon only, Non polar, hydrophobic, London Force Bo…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocabulary
element
proton
neutron
electron
a substance with only one type of atom
positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus
a neutrally charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus
negatively charged subatomic particle found in the electron c…
element
a substance with only one type of atom
proton
positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus
28 terms
CP Chemistry Chapter 4
atom
atom
Dalton's atomic theory
How did Democritus describe atoms?
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
basic unit of matter
1) elements are composed of atoms. 2) atoms of same element a…
Believed that the atoms were indivisible and indestructible
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
atom
basic unit of matter
43 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
22 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change - Chapter 4
Dalton's atomic theory
Atom
Cathode Ray
Electron
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Smallest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
Radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
Negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely sm…
Dalton's atomic theory
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
30 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves.
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, u…
electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
electromagnetic spectrum
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
18 terms
Chemistry Holt Chapter 4
Periodic Law
Valence Electron
Group
Main-Group Elements
The principle that chemical properties of the elements are pe…
An electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
A column of elements in the periodic table that share similar…
the p-block elements together with the s-block elements
Periodic Law
The principle that chemical properties of the elements are pe…
Valence Electron
An electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
Chemistry Chapter 4
atom
Democritus
John Dalton
Dalton atomic theory 1
the smallest particle of matter that keeps the identity of an…
Greek philosopher who was the first recorded person to sugges…
first person to prove experimentally that atoms exist
all elements are composed of tiny particles called atoms
atom
the smallest particle of matter that keeps the identity of an…
Democritus
Greek philosopher who was the first recorded person to sugges…
15 terms
Chapter 4 Chemistry
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Mass Unit (AMU)
Atomic Number
Smallest particle of an element
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
a unit of mass exactly equal to 1/12 the mass of a c-12 atom
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Atom
Smallest particle of an element
Atomic Mass
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
39 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Combined
atom
cathode ray
electron
nucleus
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely…
The extremely small, positively charged, dense center of an a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
cathode ray
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 THS
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves.
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, u…
electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
electromagnetic spectrum
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
19 terms
Chemistry chapter 4 vocab
Quanta
Quark
Mass number
Neutrino
Max Planck proposed that energy is radiated continuously in l…
A(n) _______ is a theoretical particle that is believed to be…
The ______ refers to the total number of nucleons is an atom.
A(n) _______ is an essentially massless, neutral lepton,
Quanta
Max Planck proposed that energy is radiated continuously in l…
Quark
A(n) _______ is a theoretical particle that is believed to be…
Chapter 4 - Chemistry 20
Avogadro's Law
Molar Volume
Law of Combining Volumes
Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)
Gas law stating that equal volumes of all ideal gases at the…
Amount of space occupied by 1 mole of a substance; equal to 2…
Law stating that when gases react, the volumes of the gaseous…
Condition defined as temperature of 0°C (273.15 K) and pressu…
Avogadro's Law
Gas law stating that equal volumes of all ideal gases at the…
Molar Volume
Amount of space occupied by 1 mole of a substance; equal to 2…
Chemistry Chapter 4
What did Democritus reason about atoms?
How did Dalton transform Democritus's…
How can scientists observe individual…
Define atom
that they were indivisible and indestructible
through experimental methods
by using instruments such as scanning electron microscopes
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
What did Democritus reason about atoms?
that they were indivisible and indestructible
How did Dalton transform Democritus's…
through experimental methods
chapter 4 chemistry terms
atom
daltons atomic theory
electrons
cathode ray
the smallest particles of matter that retains the identity of…
an early theory relating chemical changes to events at the at…
a negatively charged subatomic particle
a stream of electrons produced at the negative electrode of a…
atom
the smallest particles of matter that retains the identity of…
daltons atomic theory
an early theory relating chemical changes to events at the at…
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocab
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
the distance from any point on a wave to an identical point o…
the number of cycles or vibrations per unit of time; also the…
Electromagnetic Radiation
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
Chemistry Chapter 4 Atom Structure
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
22 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change - Chapter 4
Dalton's atomic theory
Atom
Cathode Ray
Electron
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Smallest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
Radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
Negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely sm…
Dalton's atomic theory
States that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
24 terms
CHEMISTRY CHAPTER 4
Theory
model
atom
cathode ray
an explanation supported by many experiments; it is still sub…
a visual, verbal, and/or mathematical explanation of data col…
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
A stream of electrons produced at the negative electrode (cat…
Theory
an explanation supported by many experiments; it is still sub…
model
a visual, verbal, and/or mathematical explanation of data col…
Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves. Meas…
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, u…
electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
electromagnetic spectrum
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
28 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
atom
atomic theory
protons
neutrons
Smallest particle of an element
theory that states all matter is made up of atoms, atoms from…
Positively charged particles
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
atom
Smallest particle of an element
atomic theory
theory that states all matter is made up of atoms, atoms from…
20 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Atomic Number
Mass Number
Ernest Rutherford
Empty Spaced
Protons and Electrons is referred to as
the__________________-the atomic number equals the amount of…
In 1911,_____________studied how positively charged alpha par…
Rutherford concluded that atoms are mostly____________ ______…
Atomic Number
Protons and Electrons is referred to as
Mass Number
the__________________-the atomic number equals the amount of…
Chapter 4 Chemistry
Atom
Dalton's atomic theory
Electron
Cathode ray
The smallest particle of an element that retains it's identit…
A theory stating an element is composed of only one kind of a…
Negatively charged subatomic particles
A stream of electrons produced at the negative electrode of a…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains it's identit…
Dalton's atomic theory
A theory stating an element is composed of only one kind of a…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocab
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
13 terms
Chapter 4 Chemistry Scientists
Democritus
Aristotle
Dalton
Rutherford
named atoms - the smallest particles of matter
matter is continuous and not made of smaller particles
developed modern atomic theory
atom is mostly empty space with a small core containing all p…
Democritus
named atoms - the smallest particles of matter
Aristotle
matter is continuous and not made of smaller particles
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelenght
frequency
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
the distance from any point on a wave to an identical point o…
the number of cycles or vibrations per unit of time; also the…
electromagnetic radiation
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
electromagnetic spectrum
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
106 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 4
Physical and Chemical
12
58
Dobereiner
Chemists categorized elements based on their similarities in…
How many elements were known before 1700
How many elements were known by 1850?
Classified elements into triads.
Physical and Chemical
Chemists categorized elements based on their similarities in…
12
How many elements were known before 1700
Chapter 4 Chemistry
ion
ionic bond
polyatomic ion
crystal
An atom or group of atoms that are electrically charged.
The attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
An ion that is made up of more than one atom.
An orderly, three-dimensional pattern of ions or atoms in a s…
ion
An atom or group of atoms that are electrically charged.
ionic bond
The attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
14 terms
Chapter 4 Organic Chemistry
Isopropyl... 1-methylethyl
Sec-butyl... 1-methylpropyl
Isobutyl... 2-methylpropyl
Tert-butyl... 1,1-dimethylethyl
Isopropyl... 1-methylethyl
Sec-butyl... 1-methylpropyl
Chemistry: Chapter 4
Molecule
Ionic Bond
Non-polar Covalent Bond
Polar Covalent Bond
Unit of matter that results when 2 or more atoms formed with…
A bond resulting from the electrostatic attraction of a catio…
Electrons in the bond are shared equally by the two atoms.
Electrons in the bond are shared unequally by the two atoms.
Molecule
Unit of matter that results when 2 or more atoms formed with…
Ionic Bond
A bond resulting from the electrostatic attraction of a catio…
12 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary-Chemistry
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Atom
Cathode Ray
Electron
Proposed in 1803. The main points of his theory are: Matter i…
comes from the Greek word atomos, which means indivisible.
Radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
A subatomic negatively charged particle that is a part of all…
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Proposed in 1803. The main points of his theory are: Matter i…
Atom
comes from the Greek word atomos, which means indivisible.
15 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
electron
frequency
wavelength
electromagnetic spectrum
subatomic particle with a negative charge
waves per second
distance between the same spot on two corresponding waves
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
electron
subatomic particle with a negative charge
frequency
waves per second
27 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocab
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Together, all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves.
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, u…
Electromagnetic Radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Together, all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
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