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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 5"

23 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 5
periodic law
lanthanide
actinide
alkali metals
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 90-103.
The elements of group 1 of the periodic table.
periodic law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
lanthanide
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
9 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 5 Terminology
Octet Rule
Ion
Cation
Anion
a concept of chemical bonding theory that is based on the ass…
an atom, radical, or molecule that has gained or lost one or…
an ion that has a positive charge.
an ion that has a negative charge.
Octet Rule
a concept of chemical bonding theory that is based on the ass…
Ion
an atom, radical, or molecule that has gained or lost one or…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Chemistry Review
Dalton's Atomic Model
Thomson's Atomic Model
Rutherford's Atomic Model
Bohr's Atomic Model
Atom is solid sphere of indivisible particles
Electrons embedded in a sphere of postive electrical charge
The nucleus is a positively charged, dense center; electrons…
Electrons found only in specific orbits around the nucleus
Dalton's Atomic Model
Atom is solid sphere of indivisible particles
Thomson's Atomic Model
Electrons embedded in a sphere of postive electrical charge
22 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic table
Periodic law
group
family
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Periodic law
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
35 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 5
periodic law
lanthanide
actinide
alkali metals
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 90-103.
The elements of group 1 of the periodic table.
periodic law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
lanthanide
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
28 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5 Vocab
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
the shortest difference between equivalent points on a contin…
the number of waves that pass a given point per second
the height of a wave from the origin to a crest, or from the…
electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
wavelength
the shortest difference between equivalent points on a contin…
46 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 5
_________ model did not explaine the c…
____ proposed that an electron is foun…
energy level
quantum
Rutherford
Bohr
the specific energies an electron in an atom or other system…
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
_________ model did not explaine the c…
Rutherford
____ proposed that an electron is foun…
Bohr
35 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5.1
energy levels
quantum
quantum mechanical model
atomic orbital
the fixed energies an electron can have
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
the modern description, primarily mathematical, of the behavi…
a region of space in which there is a high probability of fin…
energy levels
the fixed energies an electron can have
quantum
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
22 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Chemistry
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
...
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
Number of wave oscillations per a given amount of time.
For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either s…
electromagnetic radiation
...
wavelength
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
18 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Periodic Law
Periodic Table
Lanthanides
Actinides
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
14 rare-earth series of elements with atomic numbers from 58(…
14 radioactive elements with atomic numbers from 90(Th) to 10…
Periodic Law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Periodic Table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
54 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 5 +
_________ model did not explaine the c…
____ proposed that an electron is foun…
energy level
quantum
Rutherford
Bohr
the specific energies an electron in an atom or other system…
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
_________ model did not explaine the c…
Rutherford
____ proposed that an electron is foun…
Bohr
Modern Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic Law
Periodic Table
Lanthanides (location and characterist…
Actinides (location and characteristics)
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
is arranged of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
--elements in the f-block of period six in the periodic table…
--14 elements with the atomic numbers from 90-103. ... --Most of…
Periodic Law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Periodic Table
is arranged of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
28 terms
Chemistry Ch.5
number of atoms in a baseball is equal…
We cannot see atoms in the usual sense…
To see something under a microscope, t…
True/False - We can see atoms directly…
ping pong balls that would fit in the earth
atoms are smaller than the wavelengths of visible light which…
must be larger than the wavelengths of the light
False - We can see atoms indirectly this way.
number of atoms in a baseball is equal…
ping pong balls that would fit in the earth
We cannot see atoms in the usual sense…
atoms are smaller than the wavelengths of visible light which…
37 terms
SVHS Chemistry Chapter 5--Electrons in Atoms--Vocabulary
Electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic spectrum
frequency
wavelength
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Includes all forms of electromagnetic radiation; the types of…
How many waves can pass a given point per second, measured in…
The distance between crests of waves, such as those of the el…
Electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Electromagnetic spectrum
Includes all forms of electromagnetic radiation; the types of…
23 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 5
periodic law
lanthanide
actinide
alkali metals
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 90-103.
The elements of group 1 of the periodic table.
periodic law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
lanthanide
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
Chemistry Chapter 5 Electrons in Atoms
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
the shortest difference between equivalent points on a contin…
the number of waves that pass a given point per second
the height of a wave from the origin to a crest, or from the…
electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
wavelength
the shortest difference between equivalent points on a contin…
27 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5 Vocab
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
the shortest difference between equivalent points on a contin…
the number of waves that pass a given point per second
the height of a wave from the origin to a crest, or from the…
electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
wavelength
the shortest difference between equivalent points on a contin…
10 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 5
Chemical formula
Reactant
Product
Valence electrons
Symbols that show the elements in a compound and the ratio of…
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
Chemical formula
Symbols that show the elements in a compound and the ratio of…
Reactant
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
25 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change -Chapter 5
electomagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels…
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
the number of waves that pass a given point per second
the wave's height from the origin to a crest or trough
electomagnetic radiation
form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels…
wavelength
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
18 terms
Chapter 5 Chemistry vocab
Covalent bond
homonuclear diatomic
list the homonuclear diatomic molecules
Lewis Structure for covalent compounds
a chemical bond made by sharing electrons
a molecule consisting of two atoms of the same element
Hydrogen-Nitrogen-Oxygen-Flourine-Chlorine-Iodine
draw lines linking the element initials in place of the share…
Covalent bond
a chemical bond made by sharing electrons
homonuclear diatomic
a molecule consisting of two atoms of the same element
29 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5 Electrons in Atoms
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
the shortest difference between equivalent points on a contin…
the number of waves that pass a given point per second
the height of a wave from the origin to a crest, or from the…
electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
wavelength
the shortest difference between equivalent points on a contin…
39 terms
Chemistry I Chapter 5
ground state
nucleus
principle quantum number (n)
0 or 1
The lowest possible energy level of an atom.
Part of the atom the electrons cannot be found in.
The main energy levels of an atom.
The values used for the angular momentum quantum number (l) w…
ground state
The lowest possible energy level of an atom.
nucleus
Part of the atom the electrons cannot be found in.
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5 (Trilogy)
amplitude
atomic emission spectrum
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
The height of a wave from the origin to a crest, or from the…
a set of frequencies of electromagnetic waves given off by at…
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
includes all forms of electromagnetic radiation
amplitude
The height of a wave from the origin to a crest, or from the…
atomic emission spectrum
a set of frequencies of electromagnetic waves given off by at…
Chemistry Chapter 5
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Amplitude
a form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
number of waves that pass a given point per second, one hertz…
a wave's height from the origin to a crest or from the origin…
Electromagnetic Radiation
a form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Wavelength
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5 Electrons in atoms
radiation
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or…
a form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Horizontal distance between the crests or between the troughs…
How many wave peaks pass a certain point per given time
radiation
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or…
electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
18 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Energy levels
Quantum
Quantum Mechanical Model
Atomic Orbital
Fixed energy of an electron(s).
Amount of energy required to move an electron from one energy…
The modern description of electrons that comes from mathemati…
Region of space in which there is a high probability of findi…
Energy levels
Fixed energy of an electron(s).
Quantum
Amount of energy required to move an electron from one energy…
49 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5
energy levels
quantum
quantum mechanical model
atomic orbits
the fixed energies an electron can have
the amount of energy required to move an electron from one en…
the atomic model that determines the allowed energies an elec…
a region of space where there is a high probability of findin…
energy levels
the fixed energies an electron can have
quantum
the amount of energy required to move an electron from one en…
54 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5
according to bohr model an electron is…
each orbit has a fixed ...
each energy level is like a
what is a quantum?
orbits around nucleus
energy
ladder
exact amount of energy required to move to the next electron…
according to bohr model an electron is…
orbits around nucleus
each orbit has a fixed ...
energy
Chemistry Chapter 5
What was Earnest Rutherford's atomic m…
What did the planetary model not expla…
What did the planetary model not expla…
What did the planetary model not expla…
planetary model
basic properties
chemical properties
the colors that they glow
What was Earnest Rutherford's atomic m…
planetary model
What did the planetary model not expla…
basic properties
30 terms
Abeka Chemistry Chapter 5
kinetic theory of matter
pressure
barometer
760 torr
a model which is used to explain gas behavior on the major pr…
a force per unit area
a device used to measure atmospheric pressure
What # is the standard atmosphere (or pressure)?
kinetic theory of matter
a model which is used to explain gas behavior on the major pr…
pressure
a force per unit area
68 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Max Planck
Albert Einstein
Photons
Neils Bohr
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
A quantum of light; a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
1913: Studied the emission spectra and found that each elemen…
Max Planck
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
Albert Einstein
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
32 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5: ELECTRONS IN ATOMS
Energy level
Quantum
Quantum Mechanical Model
What does the quantum mechanical model…
the specific energy hat an electron can have.
the amount of energy need to move an electron from one energy…
a mathematical model that describes the behavior of electrons…
The quantum mechanical model describes the allowed energies a…
Energy level
the specific energy hat an electron can have.
Quantum
the amount of energy need to move an electron from one energy…
23 terms
Pearson chemistry chapter 5
energy level
quantum
quantum mechanical model
atomic orbital
the specific energies an electron in an atom or other system…
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
the modern description of electrons behavior in atoms. Determ…
a mathematical expression describing the probability of findi…
energy level
the specific energies an electron in an atom or other system…
quantum
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5
Ionic Compounds
Covalent/Molecular Compounds
Transition Metals need....
Name this compound: AlCl3
Cation (+) Anion (-) Bond together... Crisscross method or Math…
2 anions (-,-) Bond together... Prefixes
Roman Numerals
aluminum chloride
Ionic Compounds
Cation (+) Anion (-) Bond together... Crisscross method or Math…
Covalent/Molecular Compounds
2 anions (-,-) Bond together... Prefixes
48 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Law of Constant Composition
Chemical Formula
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
The simplest whole-number ratio of atoms of each element in a…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule of t…
Law of Constant Composition
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
Chemical Formula
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
83 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 5-8
What is a Compound ?
What is a Pure Substance ?
The Law of constant Composition
Molecular Formula
Its a pure substance
Substance that has the same proprieties throughout and can't…
A law that states that all compound always have the same amou…
A formula that looks at the actual number of atoms of element…
What is a Compound ?
Its a pure substance
What is a Pure Substance ?
Substance that has the same proprieties throughout and can't…
11 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 5: Electrons in Atoms
atomic orbital
aufbau principle
electron configuration
energy level
A three-dimensional region around the nucleus of an atom that…
electrons occupy orbitals of the lowest energy levels first
an arrangement of electrons around the nucleus of an atom (lo…
The amount of energy an electron can have. The higher the e…
atomic orbital
A three-dimensional region around the nucleus of an atom that…
aufbau principle
electrons occupy orbitals of the lowest energy levels first
21 terms
Holt Chemistry Chapter 5 Polyatomic Ions
phosphate
acetate
carbonate
ammonium
PO₄³⁻
CH₃COO⁻
CO₃²⁻
NH₄⁺
phosphate
PO₄³⁻
acetate
CH₃COO⁻
31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
frequency
a form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
encompasses all forms of electromagnetic radiation
the shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuo…
the number of waves that pass a given point per second
electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
electromagnetic spectrum
encompasses all forms of electromagnetic radiation
25 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change -Chapter 5
electomagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels…
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
the number of waves that pass a given point per second
the wave's height from the origin to a crest or trough
electomagnetic radiation
form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels…
wavelength
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
17 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 5
Electrons
wavelength
frequency
Equation of speed of light
both wave and particle behaviors
y (upside down); also known as lambda... unit: nm, m
v... units: 1/s, Hertz
c=yv
Electrons
both wave and particle behaviors
wavelength
y (upside down); also known as lambda... unit: nm, m
25 terms
Chemistry Matter and Change - Glencoe - Chapter 5
electomagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels…
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
the number of waves that pass a given point per second
the wave's height from the origin to a crest or trough
electomagnetic radiation
form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels…
wavelength
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
30 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 5
Rutherford's
Bohr
energy level
quantum
_________ model did not explaine the chemical properties of e…
____ proposed that an electron is found only in specific circ…
the specific energies an electron in an atom or other system…
the amount of energy needed to move an electron from one ener…
Rutherford's
_________ model did not explaine the chemical properties of e…
Bohr
____ proposed that an electron is found only in specific circ…
16 terms
Chapter 5 Modern Chemistry THS
Atomic Radius
Ionization Energy
Electron Affinity
Ionic Radii
Distance between nuclei of identical atoms that are bonded to…
...
...
...
Atomic Radius
Distance between nuclei of identical atoms that are bonded to…
Ionization Energy
...
34 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 5 - Mabante
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Thomson's Plum Pudding Model
Rutherford's Gold Foil Experiment
Current Nuclear Theory of the Atom
1. elements are made indivisible, indestructible particles ca…
Dense positive charge with negatively charge electrons inters…
Alpha-particles were directed at a thin sheet of gold foil; m…
1. Most of the atom's mass and all of its positive charge is…
Dalton's Atomic Theory
1. elements are made indivisible, indestructible particles ca…
Thomson's Plum Pudding Model
Dense positive charge with negatively charge electrons inters…
10 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5
Ideal Gas Law
Ideal Gas law (with grams)
Ideal Gas Law (with density)
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure
PV=gRT/MM
MM=dRT/P
Ideal Gas Law
Ideal Gas law (with grams)
PV=gRT/MM
26 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5
Hiesenburg uncertainty principle
Schrodinger equation
Wave functions
Probability density
it is not possible to measure accurately both the position an…
consistent with wave nature of particles and the Hiesenburg u…
Probability density, atomic orbitals, principle quantum numbe…
the value of the square of the wave function Ψ^2 (x,y,z)
Hiesenburg uncertainty principle
it is not possible to measure accurately both the position an…
Schrodinger equation
consistent with wave nature of particles and the Hiesenburg u…
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Amplitude
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
the shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuo…
the number of waves that pass a given point per second
the height of a wave from the origin to a crest, or from the…
Electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it travels t…
Wavelength
the shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuo…
21 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 5 Formulas and Conversions
Pressure Formula
1 atm = ____ mmHg
1 atm = ____ torr
1 atm = ____ kPa
P = force/area
760
760
101.3
Pressure Formula
P = force/area
1 atm = ____ mmHg
760
24 terms
Chemistry Chapter 5
Nomenclature: BrO4-
Nomenclature: BrO3-
Nomenclature: BrO2-
Nomenclature: BrO-
perbromate ion
bromate ion
bromite ion
hypobromite ion
Nomenclature: BrO4-
perbromate ion
Nomenclature: BrO3-
bromate ion
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