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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 6 chemisty"

17 terms
chapter 6 chemisty vocab
Cation
electronegativity
halogens
inner transition metal
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
An atom's ability to attract electrons when bonded with other…
a nonmetal in group 7A
the highest occupied S sublevel and a nearby F sublevel gener…
Cation
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
electronegativity
An atom's ability to attract electrons when bonded with other…
55 terms
Chapter 6 Chemisty
calcium carbonate forms the _____ of m…
magnesium reacts with _____, which mak…
A compound containing the alkali metal…
the most reactive metals are found in…
shells
hot water
lithium
two column s
calcium carbonate forms the _____ of m…
shells
magnesium reacts with _____, which mak…
hot water
54 terms
Chemisty Chapter 6
Early chemists used the __________ to…
set of 3 elements with similar propert…
who grouped elements into triads
who published a table of the elements
properties of elements
triad
J.W Dobereiner
Dimitri Medeleev
Early chemists used the __________ to…
properties of elements
set of 3 elements with similar propert…
triad
16 terms
Chapter 6 chemisty
Acid
Atom
Base
Compound
any substance that for a pH below 7ms hydrogen ions[h+] in wa…
smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
any substance that forms hydroxide ions in water and has a pH…
substance composed of atoms two or more different element tha…
Acid
any substance that for a pH below 7ms hydrogen ions[h+] in wa…
Atom
smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
22 terms
Chapter 6 Chemisty
valence electrons
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Metallic Bond
The electrons involved in the formation of chemical bonds.
A chemical bond resulting from the electrostatic attraction b…
A chemical bond resulting from the sharing of electrons.... Non…
A chemical bond resulting from the sharing of delocalized ele…
valence electrons
The electrons involved in the formation of chemical bonds.
Ionic Bond
A chemical bond resulting from the electrostatic attraction b…
6 terms
Chemisty chapter 6 test
Periodic law
Metal
Nonmetal
Metalloid
When the elememts are arranged in orderof increasing atomic n…
One of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
An element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
An elememt that tends to have properties that are similar to…
Periodic law
When the elememts are arranged in orderof increasing atomic n…
Metal
One of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
11 terms
Chemisty Chapter 6 Test
Atomic size ______ to the right
Ionization energy ______ to the right
Electronegativity ______ to the right
Nuclear charge ________ to the right
decreases
increases
increases
increases
Atomic size ______ to the right
decreases
Ionization energy ______ to the right
increases
12 terms
Chemisty chapter 6
Who is the father of the modern period…
How was the old periodic table put in…
How is the new periodic table put in o…
Give two names for horizontal rows on…
Dmitri mendeleev
Atomic mass
Atomic number
Period, series
Who is the father of the modern period…
Dmitri mendeleev
How was the old periodic table put in…
Atomic mass
55 terms
Chapter 6 Chemisty Fong
shells
hot water
lithium
two column s
calcium carbonate forms the _____ of marine animals such as o…
magnesium reacts with _____, which makes magnesium fires very…
A compound containing the alkali metal _____ is used to treat…
the most reactive metals are found in the _____ block of the…
shells
calcium carbonate forms the _____ of marine animals such as o…
hot water
magnesium reacts with _____, which makes magnesium fires very…
27 terms
Chemisty Chapter 6 Quiz
Electrons are free to float (delocaliz…
Bond between 2 metal atoms
Bond between same kind of atoms
Properties are determined by the force…
Metallic Bond
Metallic bond
Metallic bond
Metallic bond
Electrons are free to float (delocaliz…
Metallic Bond
Bond between 2 metal atoms
Metallic bond
17 terms
chemisty chapter 6-7 terms
product
decomposition reaction
acid based reactions
precipitant
a new substance formed in a chemical reaction
a reaction in which a single substance is broken down into si…
a reaction in which the hydrogen ion and hydroxide reacts to…
the solid that forms from double replacement reactions
product
a new substance formed in a chemical reaction
decomposition reaction
a reaction in which a single substance is broken down into si…
20 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: Introduction to Chemisty
matter
chemistry
inorganic chemistry
organic chemistry
anything that has mass and occupies space
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
the study of chemicals, that in general, do not contain carbon
the study of chemicals containing carbon
matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
chemistry
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
31 terms
Chemisty Chapter 6 (quiz & test study guide)
The type of energy associated with mot…
The type of energy associated with the…
In thermodynamics, the portion of the…
The SI unit of work and energy is the…
kinetic
potential
system
joule
The type of energy associated with mot…
kinetic
The type of energy associated with the…
potential
Chemistry Chapter 6
Antoine Lavoisier
John Newlands
Meyer
Mendeleev
a French scientist who compiled a list of all elements known…
an English chemist, proposed a way to organize the elements,…
German chemist, demonstrated the connection between atomic ma…
Russian chemist who published before Meyer and was given more…
Antoine Lavoisier
a French scientist who compiled a list of all elements known…
John Newlands
an English chemist, proposed a way to organize the elements,…
19 terms
Chemisty Chapters 6 and 7
chemical bond
Why do atoms bond?
The way electrons are distributed dete…
ionic bonding
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Because most atoms are less-stable by themselves and want to…
bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
chemical bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Why do atoms bond?
Because most atoms are less-stable by themselves and want to…
47 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Metallic Bonding
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Sharing of electron pairs between two atoms. Below 1.7... (The t…
Attraction between metal atoms and the surrounding sea of ele…
Chemical Bond
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Ionic Bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
46 terms
Chapter 4 and 6 chemisty
name of the greek philosopher who came…
what is the idea of atomos
name of the scientist who conducted ex…
who is J.J. Thomson
Democritus
atoms being uncuttable pieces of matter
John Dalton
discovery of the electron
name of the greek philosopher who came…
Democritus
what is the idea of atomos
atoms being uncuttable pieces of matter
40 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 Terms
Atoms naturally ___ stability
Atoms naturally ___ energy
An atom's ability to gain or lose elec…
Needing 8 valence electrons in the out…
maximize
minimize
chemical reactivity
octet rule
Atoms naturally ___ stability
maximize
Atoms naturally ___ energy
minimize
27 terms
CCS Chemistry Chapter 6
chemical thermodynamics
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
the area of chemistry that deals with chemical reactions and…
the ability to do work
energy associated with motion
energy associated with the position of an object relative to…
chemical thermodynamics
the area of chemistry that deals with chemical reactions and…
energy
the ability to do work
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Periodic law
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloid
The law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
Elements that are good conductors of heat and electric current.
Elements that are poor conductors of heat and electric current.
Elements that may accept or donate electrons readily and poss…
Periodic law
The law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
Metals
Elements that are good conductors of heat and electric current.
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6
Periodic law
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloid
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Elements that are generally good conductors, generally solid…
Elements that are poor conductors of heat and tend to be brit…
Elements that have characteristics of both metals and non-met…
Periodic law
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Metals
Elements that are generally good conductors, generally solid…
48 terms
Chemistry: Ch 5 + Chapter 6
Periodic Law
Periodic table
Lanthanides
Actinides
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Arrangement of the elements in order of their increasing atom…
The 14 elements with atomic numbers 58-71. The top row of the…
The 14 elements with atomic numbers 90-103. The bottom row of…
Periodic Law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their increasing atom…
12 terms
Chemistry of Nutrition-Chapter 6
Protein
Amino Acid
How amino acids bond together and how…
Protein's structure, shape and denatur…
-Proteins are made up of polypeptides ... -Made up of a chain of…
-Amino acids make up all proteins; they are comprised of carb…
-Amino acids are linked together by covalent chemical bonds,…
-Proteins structure and shape: order of amino acids determine…
Protein
-Proteins are made up of polypeptides ... -Made up of a chain of…
Amino Acid
-Amino acids make up all proteins; they are comprised of carb…
21 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocabulary +
periodic law
metal
nonmetal
metalloid
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
an element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
an element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
periodic law
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
metal
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
29 terms
Chapter 6 chemistry of Life
acid
atom
base
compound
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Basic unit of matter
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
atom
Basic unit of matter
20 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry Prince
periodic law
Group
period
representative elements
periodic law states that when the elements are arranged by in…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table arranged…
a horizontal row of elements in the modern periodic table
elements from groups 1, 2, and 13-18 in the modern periodic t…
periodic law
periodic law states that when the elements are arranged by in…
Group
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table arranged…
18 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 6
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
solution
solvent
26 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry vocab
Physical change
Chemical change
Conversion formula for F and C tempera…
Phase change
A change which does not alter the chemical compound fo a subs…
A change that alters the chemical composition of a substance
F = 9/5 x C + 32
a physical change in a compound - solid, liquid, gas, plasma
Physical change
A change which does not alter the chemical compound fo a subs…
Chemical change
A change that alters the chemical composition of a substance
40 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 6: Chemical Bonding
chemical bond
covalent bonding
ionic bonding
nonpolar-covalent bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
a chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
the chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
chemical bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
covalent bonding
a chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
17 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry Vocabulary
Alkali Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals
Anion
Atomic Radius
Group 1A elements.
Group 2A elements.
An ion with a negative charge.
One half of the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of t…
Alkali Metals
Group 1A elements.
Alkaline Earth Metals
Group 2A elements.
17 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry Vocabulary
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Anion (Ch. 6; P. 172)
Atomic radius (Ch. 6; P. 170)
Group 1A elements
Group 2A elements
An ion with a negative charge
One half of the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of t…
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 1A elements
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 2A elements
45 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 & 7
double covalent bond
structural formula
single covalent bond
polar bond
a covalent bond between in which two electrons are shared
a depictions of the arrangement of atoms in the molecules and…
a covalent bond which only one pair of electrons is shared
a covalent bond between two stoma of significantly different…
double covalent bond
a covalent bond between in which two electrons are shared
structural formula
a depictions of the arrangement of atoms in the molecules and…
19 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6
actinide series
alkali metal
alkaline earth metal
group
elements in the second row of the f-block of periodic table;…
group 1 metals of the periodic table that are very highly rea…
group 2 metals of the periodic table that are highly reactive
a column in the periodic table in which the elements share si…
actinide series
elements in the second row of the f-block of periodic table;…
alkali metal
group 1 metals of the periodic table that are very highly rea…
40 terms
Chemistry-- Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bonding
Nonpolar Covalent Bond
A mutual electric attraction between a nucleus and valence el…
A chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
The chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
A covalent bond resulting from electrical are shared equally…
Chemical Bond
A mutual electric attraction between a nucleus and valence el…
Covalent Bond
A chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
13 terms
Chemisty Chapter 5-6 Review
3rd principle energy level total orbit…
Pauli exclusion states?
Mendeleev
Mosley
3s+3p+3d=9
Two electrons(max) can occupy a single orbital
Discovered Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
3rd principle energy level total orbit…
3s+3p+3d=9
Pauli exclusion states?
Two electrons(max) can occupy a single orbital
25 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
Atom
Element
Nucleus
Electron
The basic unit for building all matter
A substance made purely of one type of atom, like a gold nugg…
The positively-charged center of an atom. Contains protons an…
Negatively-charged particle outside atom's nucleus
Atom
The basic unit for building all matter
Element
A substance made purely of one type of atom, like a gold nugg…
43 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6
What type of energy measures strength…
What type of energy measures strength…
What type of energy measures strength…
How is a hydrogen bond different from…
lattice Energy
Bond Energy
enthalpy of vaporization
1. A hydrogen bond is a dipole-dipole... 2. Hydrogen bonds are w…
What type of energy measures strength…
lattice Energy
What type of energy measures strength…
Bond Energy
36 terms
chemistry chapter 6 terms
E
H
delta H
T
internal energy
enthalpy
equals delta E+delta (PV)
temperature
E
internal energy
H
enthalpy
15 terms
Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
Anion
Binary compound
Cation
Chemical formula
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
A compound composed of two elements; NaCl and A₂O₃
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
shows the number and types of atoms present in the smallest r…
Anion
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
Binary compound
A compound composed of two elements; NaCl and A₂O₃
15 terms
Holt Chemistry Chapter 6
A bond formed when atoms share one or…
The region of high probability that is…
The distance between two bonded atoms…
The energy required to break the bonds…
covalent bond
bond orbital
bond length
bond energy
A bond formed when atoms share one or…
covalent bond
The region of high probability that is…
bond orbital
Chapter 6 chemistry terms
Metals
Metalloids
Nonmetals
Valance electrons
Most of the elements that are on the table; good conductors o…
An element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
An element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
An electron in the highest occupied energy level (s and p) of…
Metals
Most of the elements that are on the table; good conductors o…
Metalloids
An element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
16 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 6
Dmitri Mendeleev (1834-1907)
Henry Moseley (1887-1915)
Groups
Periods
credited with creating the periodic table
organized the modern periodic table where the elements are ar…
vertical columns #1-18
horizontal rows (#1-7)
Dmitri Mendeleev (1834-1907)
credited with creating the periodic table
Henry Moseley (1887-1915)
organized the modern periodic table where the elements are ar…
18 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Period
Group
valence electron
alkali metal
horizontal row on the periodic table, indicates the number of…
vertical columns, elements in the same group share similar ph…
outermost electron in an atom
group 1 metals, highly reactive, form ionic compounds, contai…
Period
horizontal row on the periodic table, indicates the number of…
Group
vertical columns, elements in the same group share similar ph…
22 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry Vocabulary
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Anion (Ch. 6; P. 172)
Atomic radius (Ch. 6; P. 170)
Group 1A elements
Group 2A elements
An ion with a negative charge
One half of the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of t…
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 1A elements
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 2A elements
14 terms
Chemistry chapter 6
periodic law
Metals
nonmetals
metalloid
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
are good conductors of heat and electric current.
are poor conductors of heat and electric current
generally has properties that are similar to those of metals…
periodic law
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Metals
are good conductors of heat and electric current.
67 terms
Chapter 6 Review - Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
protons
neutrons
particles that are the building blocks of matter
the center of an atom
positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom
particles that have no charge in the nucleus of an atom
atom
particles that are the building blocks of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom
11 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6
atomic radius
ionization energy
electron affinity
electronegativity
distance between nuclei for a diatomic molecule; increases as…
energy absorbed to remove an electron; amount of energy neede…
attraction for electrons- the energy changes when an atom get…
an attraction for electrons in a bond; measure of the ability…
atomic radius
distance between nuclei for a diatomic molecule; increases as…
ionization energy
energy absorbed to remove an electron; amount of energy neede…
38 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 review
electronegativity
properties of elements
increasing atomic mass
increasing atomic number
the ability of an atom to attract electrons when the atom is…
How did chemists begin to organize the known elements?
How did mendeleev organize his periodic table?
How is the modern periodic table organized?
electronegativity
the ability of an atom to attract electrons when the atom is…
properties of elements
How did chemists begin to organize the known elements?
16 terms
Chemistry chapter 6 Vocab
Chemical bond
Ionic bonding
covalent bonding
Nonpolar Covalent bond
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
a force that attracts electrons from one atom to another, whi…
a bond formed when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are equally at…
Chemical bond
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
Ionic bonding
a force that attracts electrons from one atom to another, whi…
18 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry (T)
alkali metal
alkaline earth metal
electronegativity
group
group 1A elements, except for hydrogen, that are on the left…
group 2A elements in the modern periodic table (155)
indicates the relative ability of an element's atoms to attra…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table; also cal…
alkali metal
group 1A elements, except for hydrogen, that are on the left…
alkaline earth metal
group 2A elements in the modern periodic table (155)
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