How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 7 atomic structure"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 7 atomic structure"

24 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7- Atomic Structure
Electromagnetic Radiation
Double Slit Experiment
Ultraviolet Catastrophe and Solution (…
Photoelectric Effect (Particles)
Energy that travels through space in the form of a wave "light"
Thomas Young- Showed an interference pattern, which proved wa…
Solid objects are heated, but do not give off shorter wavelen…
Heinrich Hertz- Emission of electrons can occur when light sh…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Energy that travels through space in the form of a wave "light"
Double Slit Experiment
Thomas Young- Showed an interference pattern, which proved wa…
114 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7 - Atomic Structure
electromagnetic radiation
quantum mechanics
wavelength
frequency
All of the light described in the electromagnetic spectrum, w…
First developed by Isaac Newton, this new theory was created…
The distance between two consecutive crests or troughs in a w…
The number of waves/cycles that pass at a given point in space
electromagnetic radiation
All of the light described in the electromagnetic spectrum, w…
quantum mechanics
First developed by Isaac Newton, this new theory was created…
10 terms
Atomic Structure Formulas (AP Chemistry Chapter 7)
λ
c
λ∨=
wavelength
frequency
speed of light = 3.0x10^8 m/s
c
λ
wavelength
frequency
14 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7: Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure
The Bohr Model
1. Absorption... 2. Emission
Emission Series: ... 1. Lyman Series... 2. B…
For Bohr's Equation, since n is in the…
-There are only certain allowable energy levels ... --Each is a…
1. Closer to nucleus --> farther out... 2. Farther from nucleus…
1. Ni >/= to 2, Nf=1 (UV Range) ... 2. Ni >/= to 3, Nf=2 (Visibl…
1. The electron moves closer to the nucleus and the atom's fi…
The Bohr Model
-There are only certain allowable energy levels ... --Each is a…
1. Absorption... 2. Emission
1. Closer to nucleus --> farther out... 2. Farther from nucleus…
50 terms
Atomic Structure- AP Chemistry Chapter 7
Electronic structure
Electromagnetic radiation
Visible light
Wavelength
The arrangement of electrons in an atom. The arrangement help…
Any type of energy that moves in waves through space and trav…
The type of electromagnetic radiation that we can see.
The length of a wave of electromagnetic radiation.
Electronic structure
The arrangement of electrons in an atom. The arrangement help…
Electromagnetic radiation
Any type of energy that moves in waves through space and trav…
96 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 7/Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure
Electromagnetic radiation
Frequency
Unit for frequency
Wavelength symbol
Radiant energy... - Energy propagated by electric and magnetic f…
Greek letter nu (looks like a v) ... - The number of complete wa…
s^-1 = hertz
Lambda
Electromagnetic radiation
Radiant energy... - Energy propagated by electric and magnetic f…
Frequency
Greek letter nu (looks like a v) ... - The number of complete wa…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7 The Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure
Amplitude
Ultraviolet
Infrared
refraction
highest point on the wavelength
short wavelengths
long wavelengths
change in direction
Amplitude
highest point on the wavelength
Ultraviolet
short wavelengths
47 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 7: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Planck's constant
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
The number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
The constant relating the change in energy for a system to th…
Electromagnetic radiation
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
28 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7 Quantum Theory & Atomic Structure
v (italicized v) means
λ means
c means
h means
frequency (called nu)
wavelength (lambda)
speed of light 3.00*10^8 m/s
Planck's constant 6.63 10^ -34 Js
v (italicized v) means
frequency (called nu)
λ means
wavelength (lambda)
44 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 7: Atomic Structure & Periodicity
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
speed
one of the ways that energy travels through space... Gamma, X-Ra…
-distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave…
-number of waves that pass a given point per second ... -measure…
measured in meter / sec... 3.0E8 m/s
electromagnetic radiation
one of the ways that energy travels through space... Gamma, X-Ra…
wavelength
-distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave…
33 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
wavelength
frequency (v)
speed of light (c)
c = wavelength v
distance between 2 consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
number of wave (cycles) per second that pass a given point in…
3 x 10e8 m/s
Formula for speed of light
wavelength
distance between 2 consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
frequency (v)
number of wave (cycles) per second that pass a given point in…
10 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7 The Electronic Structure of Atoms
Principal Quantum Number (n)
Angular Momentum Quantum Number
L=0
L=1
-n = 1, 2, 3, 4 ....... -Indicates the major energy level or sh…
-l= 0, 1, 2, ...., n-1... -Designates the orbital shape ... -Shap…
S orbital
P orbital
Principal Quantum Number (n)
-n = 1, 2, 3, 4 ....... -Indicates the major energy level or sh…
Angular Momentum Quantum Number
-l= 0, 1, 2, ...., n-1... -Designates the orbital shape ... -Shap…
36 terms
AP Chemistry chapter 7: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Planck's Constant
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
The number of waves per second that pass a given point in space
value of 6.626 x 10-34
Electromagnetic Radiation
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Wavelength
The distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
22 terms
SUPA Chemistry Chapter 7 (Atomic Structure and Periodicity)
Relationship between wavelength, frequ…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Constant of speed
Planck's constant (h)
As wavelength increases, frequency decreases and energy also…
Gamma, Xrays, UV, Visible, IR, Micro, Radio waves
3 x 10 ^ 8 m/s
6.626 x 10^ -34 J s
Relationship between wavelength, frequ…
As wavelength increases, frequency decreases and energy also…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Gamma, Xrays, UV, Visible, IR, Micro, Radio waves
47 terms
SHS AP Chem Atomic Structure (Chapter 7)
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
Planck's Constant
How energy travels through space
is distance between 2 consecutive peaks/troughs in wave
symbol is a v with a curve before the v starts and is the num…
The symbol is an h of the value of change in energy equals nh…
electromagnetic radiation
How energy travels through space
wavelength
is distance between 2 consecutive peaks/troughs in wave
11 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7:Atomic Structure and Periodicity
What is one of the ways energy travels…
What are the three characteristics of…
What is a Wavelength (a)?
What is Frequency (v)?
One of the ways that energy travels through space is by Elect…
The three characteristics of Electromagnetic Radiation are:... W…
A wavelength is the distance between two consecutive peaks in…
Frequency is the number of waves per second that pass a given…
What is one of the ways energy travels…
One of the ways that energy travels through space is by Elect…
What are the three characteristics of…
The three characteristics of Electromagnetic Radiation are:... W…
13 terms
HL Chemistry Chapter 7, Atomic Structure and Periodicity
What is the speed of electromagnetic r…
What are the 3 characteristics of a wa…
What is wavelength?
What is the symbol for wavelength?
The speed of light
Wavelength, frequency, and speed
The distance between 2 consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave.
Lambda (λ)
What is the speed of electromagnetic r…
The speed of light
What are the 3 characteristics of a wa…
Wavelength, frequency, and speed
15 terms
Chemistry Atoms and Atomic Structure
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Proton
Atomic Number
The smallest unit of matter in any element that keeps it's id…
1. Particles that are smaller than the atom. 2. Usually refer…
1. A positively (+) charged subatomic particle located in the…
A unique number for each element on the periodic table that i…
Atom
The smallest unit of matter in any element that keeps it's id…
Subatomic Particles
1. Particles that are smaller than the atom. 2. Usually refer…
18 terms
Chapter 7: Atomic Structure
s
p
f
d
-1 orbital... -2 e-
-3 orbitals... -6 e-
-7 orbitals... -14 e-
-5 orbitals... -10 e-
s
-1 orbital... -2 e-
p
-3 orbitals... -6 e-
27 terms
Atomic Structure Chapter 7
Electromagnetic wave
Crest
Trough
Wavelength
does not need a medium for travel ex: light
the distance from the highest point of one wave to the highes…
the distance of the lowest point of two waves
crest to crest or trough to rough
Electromagnetic wave
does not need a medium for travel ex: light
Crest
the distance from the highest point of one wave to the highes…
47 terms
Chapter 7 Atomic Structure
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
Planck's constant
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
the constant relating the change in energy for a system to th…
electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
115 terms
Chapter 7- Atomic Structure
Electromagnetic radiation
4 characteristics of light
Amplitude
Wavelength
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Amplitude, wavelength, frequency, speed
The height of the wave from the origin to the crest/peak (bri…
Distance between successive crests of waves
Electromagnetic radiation
Radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
4 characteristics of light
Amplitude, wavelength, frequency, speed
35 terms
Chapter 7: Atomic Structure & the Electron
electromagnetic radiation theories
wavelength
amplitude
frequency
all energy moves as a wave
distance between 2 consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
how much energy is in that particular wave
number of waves passing by a given point in space or period o…
electromagnetic radiation theories
all energy moves as a wave
wavelength
distance between 2 consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
Quantum theory and the electronic structure of atoms ( AP Chemistry, chapter 7)
Actinide series
Amplitude
Atomic orbital
Aufbau principle
A listing of elemental substances in the order of their abili…
The vertical distance from the middle of a wave to the peak o…
The orbital structure of an element also an orbital within an…
As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up th…
Actinide series
A listing of elemental substances in the order of their abili…
Amplitude
The vertical distance from the middle of a wave to the peak o…
32 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 7: Quantum Theory and the Electronic Structure of Atoms
Quantum Theory
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
how many electrons are present in an atom, what energies elec…
distance between identical points on successive waves; units:…
the number of waves that pass through a particular point in o…
vertical distance from the midline of a wave to the peak or t…
Quantum Theory
how many electrons are present in an atom, what energies elec…
wavelength
distance between identical points on successive waves; units:…
15 terms
Chapter 7 Atomic Structure and Periodicity
if you change amplitude what changes
if you change wavelength or frequency…
relationship between wavelength, frequ…
photon
the brightness or intensity of the color
the color as a whole
frequency and wavelength are inversely related... frequency and…
an electron, moving as a wave, giving off light
if you change amplitude what changes
the brightness or intensity of the color
if you change wavelength or frequency…
the color as a whole
83 terms
Chapter 7 - Atomic Structure and Periodicity
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
speed of light
light, way energy travels through space
λ, distance between consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
v, number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poin…
2.9979x10^8 m/s
electromagnetic radiation
light, way energy travels through space
wavelength
λ, distance between consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
36 terms
Atomic structure and Periodicity Chapter 7
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wavelength (Lambda)
Frequency (v- nu)
Light (scientific usage)
a form of energy that travels as waves through space. In a va…
distance between two consecutive peaks or two consecutive tro…
the number of waves per second that pass a given point in space
electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic Radiation
a form of energy that travels as waves through space. In a va…
Wavelength (Lambda)
distance between two consecutive peaks or two consecutive tro…
66 terms
Chapter 7: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
photons
wavelength
frequency
the speed of light (c)
individual packets of energy
distance between crests of a wave
number of crests per unit of time
3.00 x 10^8 m/s
photons
individual packets of energy
wavelength
distance between crests of a wave
43 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7: Quantum Theory and the Electronic Structure of Atoms
Wave
Wavelength
Frequency
Amplitude
a vibrating disturbance by which energy is transmitted
Distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
Number of waves that pass a given point per second
vertical distance from the midline of a wave to the peak or t…
Wave
a vibrating disturbance by which energy is transmitted
Wavelength
Distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
42 terms
Chapter 7 & 8 (Atomic Structure)
Actinide Series
Amplitude
Atomic Orbital
Aufbau Principle
Elements that has incompletely filled 5f subshells or readliy…
The vertical distance from the middle of a wave to the peak o…
The wave function of an electron in an atom.
As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up th…
Actinide Series
Elements that has incompletely filled 5f subshells or readliy…
Amplitude
The vertical distance from the middle of a wave to the peak o…
24 terms
Chapter 7- Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure
electromagnetic radiation
frequency
wavelength
amplitude
electric and magnetic fields moving at the speed of light thr…
cycles per second (s^-1 or Hz)
the distance a wave travels in one cycle (nm)
the height of a wave crest or depth of a trough
electromagnetic radiation
electric and magnetic fields moving at the speed of light thr…
frequency
cycles per second (s^-1 or Hz)
30 terms
Chapter 7- Electron Structure of the Atom
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelengths
Frequency
Relationship between Wavelengths and F…
Light as a form of energy, Movies in the speed of light. I.e:…
The distance between 2 corresponding points on a wave. (measu…
Measurement of the number of wave cycles that move through a…
they have an inverse relationship
Electromagnetic radiation
Light as a form of energy, Movies in the speed of light. I.e:…
Wavelengths
The distance between 2 corresponding points on a wave. (measu…
20 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 - Atomic Structure
atom
atomic number
atomic mass
atomic mass unit
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element…
The weighted average of the masses of the isotopes of an elem…
A unit of mass equal to one-twelfth the mass of a carbon-12 a…
atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element…
61 terms
Chapter 7 - "Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure"
Electromagnetic radiation (or " energy…
Some types of electromagnetic radiatio…
The 4 wave properties of electromagnet…
Frequency (v)
Consists of energy propagated by electric and magnetic fields…
visible light, x-rays, radio waves, microwaves
3 Variables: Frequency, wavelength, amplitude... 1 Constant: Sp…
the number of complete waves (or cycles) that pass a given po…
Electromagnetic radiation (or " energy…
Consists of energy propagated by electric and magnetic fields…
Some types of electromagnetic radiatio…
visible light, x-rays, radio waves, microwaves
Chemistry Chapter 4 Atom Structure
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
17 terms
Chapter 7- The Electronic structure of Atoms
Quanta
Planck's Quantum Theory
Wave
Speed of Wave
Atoms and molecules emit energy only in certain discrete quan…
Explains the dependence of radiation emitted by objects. It s…
"a vibrating disturbance by which energy is transmitted."
depends on type of wave and the nature of the the medium whic…
Quanta
Atoms and molecules emit energy only in certain discrete quan…
Planck's Quantum Theory
Explains the dependence of radiation emitted by objects. It s…
83 terms
Chapter 7 - Atomic Structure and Periodicity
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
speed of light
light, way energy travels through space
λ, distance between consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
v, number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poin…
2.9979x10^8 m/s
electromagnetic radiation
light, way energy travels through space
wavelength
λ, distance between consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
10 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7: Quantum Theory and Electronic Structure of Atoms
Wavelength
Amplitude
Frequency
Electromagnetic radiation
Is the distance between identical points on successive waves
Is the vertical distance from the midline of a wave to the pe…
The number of waves that pass through a particular point in 1…
Is the emission and transmission of energy in the form of ele…
Wavelength
Is the distance between identical points on successive waves
Amplitude
Is the vertical distance from the midline of a wave to the pe…
63 terms
General Chemistry Chapter 7: Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table Part 1
Classical Mechanics
Spectroscopy
Spectral Lines
Electromagnetic radiation
Newtons laws of motion
Analysis of the light emitted or absorbed by substances
A record of each color in a spectrum
Light, a wave of oscillating electric and magnetic fields
Classical Mechanics
Newtons laws of motion
Spectroscopy
Analysis of the light emitted or absorbed by substances
49 terms
Chapter 7 Vocabulary: Atomic Structure
Electronic Structure
Electromagnetic Radiation
Visible Light
Wavelength
The arrangement of electrons in an atom. The arrangement help…
Any type of energy that moves through space and travels at th…
The type of electromagnetic radiation that we can see.
The length of a wave of electromagnetic radiation.
Electronic Structure
The arrangement of electrons in an atom. The arrangement help…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Any type of energy that moves through space and travels at th…
37 terms
AP Chem Chapter 7- Atomic Structure and Periodicity
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
Planck's constant
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
the constant relating the change in energy for a system to th…
electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
15 terms
Chemistry Atoms and Atomic Structure
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Proton
Atomic Number
1. The smallest unit of matter in any element. 2. The smalles…
1. Particles that are smaller than the atom. 2. Usually refer…
1. A positively (+) charged subatomic particle located in the…
A unique number for each element on the periodic table that i…
Atom
1. The smallest unit of matter in any element. 2. The smalles…
Subatomic Particles
1. Particles that are smaller than the atom. 2. Usually refer…
AP Chemistry Chapter 7 Test: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
frequency
speed of light (c)
the way energy travels through space.
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wa…
the number of waves per second that passa given point in space.
2.9979 x 10^8 m/s
electromagnetic radiation
the way energy travels through space.
Wavelength
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wa…
16 terms
Chapter 7: Structure of Atoms
What does the Pauli Exclusion Principl…
How doe you determine the number of or…
How are electrons assigned to subshells?
What is Effective Nuclear Charge? (Z*)
There are a maximum or 2 electrons per orbital, both of which…
2l + 1 FOR A SUBSHELL... OR... n^2 FOR AN ATOM, in the nth shell th…
In increasing n + l values... same n + l? Lower energy level wins
The average charge experienced by an electron
What does the Pauli Exclusion Principl…
There are a maximum or 2 electrons per orbital, both of which…
How doe you determine the number of or…
2l + 1 FOR A SUBSHELL... OR... n^2 FOR AN ATOM, in the nth shell th…
24 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3- Atomic Structure
Democritus (400 BC)
Aristotle (400 BC)
John Dalton (1800's AD)
JJ Thompson (1987)
Believed matter was made of atoms but had no proof
-Did not believe atoms existed... -Everyone believed him for 200…
-Proved atoms existed using experimental evidence... -First atom…
-Discovered electrons, protons, and their charge and isotopes…
Democritus (400 BC)
Believed matter was made of atoms but had no proof
Aristotle (400 BC)
-Did not believe atoms existed... -Everyone believed him for 200…
25 terms
Chemistry-215: Chapter #7: Atomic Structure:
waves arranged in increasing energy
short wavelength
long wavelength
wavelength
radio waves < microwaves < infrared waves < ultra-violet wave…
high-energy
low-energy
the distance between two crests of a wave
waves arranged in increasing energy
radio waves < microwaves < infrared waves < ultra-violet wave…
short wavelength
high-energy
33 terms
Chemistry- Chapter 4 Atomic Structure
Democritus's Idea
Rutherfords explanation of atomic stru…
JJ Thomson's
Atoms, element
Atoms are indivisible and indestructible
Nucleus is small, dense, and positively charged (is the expli…
Whose Experiment proved atoms are neutral, electrons have ver…
________ of the same ________have the same number of protons…
Democritus's Idea
Atoms are indivisible and indestructible
Rutherfords explanation of atomic stru…
Nucleus is small, dense, and positively charged (is the expli…
12 terms
vocab chapter 7 atomic structure
nucleus
proton
electron
neutron
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic that is found in the nucleus of an atom
nucleus
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
proton
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
1 of 10