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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 8 table"

15 terms
chapter 8: the Periodic table (chemistry)
ionization energy
Ionization energy trend
electronegativity trend
electronegativity
energy needed to remove an electron from an atom
tendency of atom in a molecule to attract shared electron to…
ionization energy
energy needed to remove an electron from an atom
Ionization energy trend
10 terms
Chemistry 105B Chapter 8 Table 8.5
Mono
Di
Tri
Tetra
1
2
3
4
Mono
1
Di
2
8 terms
Chemistry 105B Chapter 8 Table 8.6
H2O
H2O2
NH3
N2H4
Water
Hydrogen peroxide
Ammonia
Hydrazine
H2O
Water
H2O2
Hydrogen peroxide
31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8: The Periodic Table
triads
law of octaves
Mendeleev's Periodic law
present-day periodic law
groups of certain elements in sets of three; created by Johan…
John Newlands noticed that there was a repetition of similar…
Mendeleev; the idea that the properties of the elements are p…
the physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
triads
groups of certain elements in sets of three; created by Johan…
law of octaves
John Newlands noticed that there was a repetition of similar…
15 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 8: Periodic Table
Who discovered the Triads?
Who discovered the Law of Octaves?
What is the difference between a Group…
How many groups are on the Periodic Ta…
Johann Dobereiner
John Newlands
Group: elements in the same column. ... Period: rows of elements
18 groups
Who discovered the Triads?
Johann Dobereiner
Who discovered the Law of Octaves?
John Newlands
5 terms
Chemistry 1211 - Chapter 8: Periodic Table Trends
Atomic Radius
Ionization Energy
Electron Affinity
Metallic Character
Increases going left, Increases going down. ... Represents the…
Decreases going left, Decreases going down.... Measures the ene…
Increases going left, Increases going down (only among group…
Increases going left, Increases going down.... Measures how eas…
Atomic Radius
Increases going left, Increases going down. ... Represents the…
Ionization Energy
Decreases going left, Decreases going down.... Measures the ene…
14 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 8 vocab
Single covalent bond
Structural formula
Unshared pair
Double covalent bond
A bond formed when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
A chemical formula that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
A pair of valence electrons that is not shared between atoms.
A bond in which two atoms share two pairs of electrons.
Single covalent bond
A bond formed when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
Structural formula
A chemical formula that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
41 terms
Pearson Chemistry: Chapter 8
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
10 terms
General Chemistry: Chapter 8: The Periodic Table
valence electrons
valence shell
core electrons
effective nuclear charge
the electrons in the outermost shell
the outermost shell that has electrons
inner, nonvalent electrons
the charge of the nucleus felt by the outer shell electrons d…
valence electrons
the electrons in the outermost shell
valence shell
the outermost shell that has electrons
40 terms
Pearson Chemistry - Chapter 8 +
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
lewis structure
sigma bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
representation of the arrangements of electrons in a molecule
single covalent bonds; occurs when the pair of shared electro…
covalent bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
19 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry
Metric Measurement
Scientific Hypothesis
Theory
Atom
Used by scientists and almost every country but US;... largest t…
1) "educated guess"... 2) can be tested... 3) prediction of what an…
Scientific explanation supported by evidence collected over a…
Smallest particle of an element that retains the chemical ide…
Metric Measurement
Used by scientists and almost every country but US;... largest t…
Scientific Hypothesis
1) "educated guess"... 2) can be tested... 3) prediction of what an…
14 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
Coordinate covalent bond
covalent bond
Van der Waals Forces
dipole-dipole
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
atoms held together by sharing electrons are joined by ______…
The two weakest attractions between molecules are collectivel…
occur when polar molecules are attracted to one another. The…
Coordinate covalent bond
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
covalent bond
atoms held together by sharing electrons are joined by ______…
16 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change-Chapter 8
covalent bond
endothermic reaction
exothermic reaction
Lewis structure
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
a chemical reaction or process in which a greater amount of e…
a chemical reaction or process in which more energy is releas…
a model that uses electron dot structures to show how electro…
covalent bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
endothermic reaction
a chemical reaction or process in which a greater amount of e…
30 terms
CHEMISTRY Pearson Chemistry - Chapter 8
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
29 terms
Chemistry Terms Chapter 8
triads
Johann Döbereiner
John Newlands
law of octaves
elements in groups of three
grouped certain elements in triads
proposed a different system of classification called the law…
the first is like the eighth, the second is like the ninth, a…
triads
elements in groups of three
Johann Döbereiner
grouped certain elements in triads
26 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
atoms held together by sharing electrons
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule that contains two atoms.
a compound composed of molecules
covalent bond
atoms held together by sharing electrons
molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
8 terms
Chemistry (chapter 8)
Melting Point
Boiling Point
Intermolecular Forces
3 major types of intermolecular forces
The temperature at which the liquid phase is in equilibrium w…
the temperature at which the gas phase is in equilibrium with…
-def: forces that act between molecules or discrete atoms and…
1. dipole-dipole... 2. London dispersion... 3. hydrogen bonding
Melting Point
The temperature at which the liquid phase is in equilibrium w…
Boiling Point
the temperature at which the gas phase is in equilibrium with…
30 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
atoms held together by sharing electrons
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule that contains two atoms.
a compound composed of molecules
covalent bond
atoms held together by sharing electrons
molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
53 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 8
What is a bond?
Bond Energy
Why Bond?
Characteristics of Ionic bonding
"chemical glue" (a set of forces that holds atoms together as…
The energy required to break a bond. Bond energy indicates th…
Bonding lowers the potential energy of atoms. Alone in ion fo…
(1) it's between a metal (cation) and a nonmetal (anion)... (2)e…
What is a bond?
"chemical glue" (a set of forces that holds atoms together as…
Bond Energy
The energy required to break a bond. Bond energy indicates th…
20 terms
Chemistry chapter 8 Matter and Temperature
Archimedes' Principle
Bernoulli's Principle
buoyant force
Charles Law
States that the buoyant force is equal to the weight of the f…
As the velocity of a fluid increase the pressure exerted by t…
upward force exerted on an object immersed in a fluid
If pressure is kept constant, then as temperature increases,…
Archimedes' Principle
States that the buoyant force is equal to the weight of the f…
Bernoulli's Principle
As the velocity of a fluid increase the pressure exerted by t…
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
lewis structure
sigma bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
representation of the arrangements of electrons in a molecule
single covalent bonds; occurs when the pair of shared electro…
covalent bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
31 terms
Chemistry I / Chapter 8 Vocabulary
bond dissocation energy
bonding orbital
covalent bond
coordinate covalent bond
the energy required to break the bond between two covalently…
a molecule orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of a…
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
bond dissocation energy
the energy required to break the bond between two covalently…
bonding orbital
a molecule orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of a…
17 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry (T)
alloy
anion
cation
chemical bond
mixture of elements that has metallic properties p. 230
another name for a negative ion p. 214
positively charged ion p. 212
force that hold two atoms together; formed by the attraction…
alloy
mixture of elements that has metallic properties p. 230
anion
another name for a negative ion p. 214
33 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
Linear (bonding regions)(lone pairs)
Linear (bonding regions)(lone pairs)
Trigonal Planar (bonding regions)(lone…
Bent/Angular (bonding regions)(lone pa…
(No central atom) (No Central Atom)
(2)(0)
(3)(0)
(2)(1)
Linear (bonding regions)(lone pairs)
(No central atom) (No Central Atom)
Linear (bonding regions)(lone pairs)
(2)(0)
Chemistry Chapter 8 Covalent Bonds
covalent bond
molecule
Lewis structure
sigma bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
forms when two or more atoms covalently bond and is lower in…
a model that uses electron dot structures to show how electro…
a single covalent bond that is formed when an electron pair i…
covalent bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
molecule
forms when two or more atoms covalently bond and is lower in…
34 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
Covalent Bond
Molecules
7 Diatomic Elements
Difference in melting and boiling points
Atoms that are held together by sharing electrons... -almost al…
Neutral groups of atoms joined together by covalent bonds... -ox…
Br₂, I₂, N₂, Cl₂, H₂, O₂, F₂
Molecular compounds tend to have relatively lower melting and…
Covalent Bond
Atoms that are held together by sharing electrons... -almost al…
Molecules
Neutral groups of atoms joined together by covalent bonds... -ox…
103 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry
Three Quantum Numbers
Fourth Quantum Number
When a beam of atoms that have one or…
Spin Quantum Number (ms)
n, l, and m(l): describe the size (energy), shape, and orient…
Describes a property called spin, which is a property of the…
It splits into two beams. Each electron behaves as if it were…
A number, either +1/2 or -1/2, that indicates the direction o…
Three Quantum Numbers
n, l, and m(l): describe the size (energy), shape, and orient…
Fourth Quantum Number
Describes a property called spin, which is a property of the…
41 terms
Pearson Chemistry: Chapter 8 - Ketterling
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
9 terms
CHEMISTRY CHAPTER 8
covalent bond
molecule
force of repulsion
force of attraction
the chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
formed when two or more atoms bond covalently
like-charged electrons, like-charged protons
protons that attract the other atom's electron
covalent bond
the chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
formed when two or more atoms bond covalently
19 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Metallic Bonds
Lewis Symbols
Forms from an electron transfer from a metal to a nonmetal (c…
Electron pair shared by two atoms (simultaneously in the vale…
Electron sea model: free and mobile electrons within a matrix…
A way to visualize the valence electrons of the atoms with dots
Ionic Bonds
Forms from an electron transfer from a metal to a nonmetal (c…
Covalent Bonds
Electron pair shared by two atoms (simultaneously in the vale…
81 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 8
oxidation numbers
+1
+2
+1
represent the number of electrons that an atom in a compound…
Alkali metal oxidation numbers
Alkaline-earth metal oxidation numbers
Oxidation number of hydrogen when bonded to another nonmetal.
oxidation numbers
represent the number of electrons that an atom in a compound…
+1
Alkali metal oxidation numbers
49 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
atoms held together by sharing electrons
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule consisting of two atoms
a compound composed of molecules
covalent bond
atoms held together by sharing electrons
molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
52 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 8
Covalent bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
7 diatomic molecules
non-metal atoms held together by sharing electrons joined by…
neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule consisting of two atoms
H₂, N₂, O₂, F₂, Cl₂, Br₂, and I₂
Covalent bond
non-metal atoms held together by sharing electrons joined by…
Molecule
neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
lewis structure
sigma bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
representation of the arrangements of electrons in a molecule
single covalent bonds; occurs when the pair of shared electro…
covalent bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
20 terms
chemistry chapter 8
quantum mechanics
the periodic table is organized...
nerve signal transmission
Periodic property
- explains how electrons are arranged in atoms and its proper…
according to the atom's properties
it is mediated by ion movement ... - Na+ goes out of the cell ... -…
a property that is predictable based on an elements position…
quantum mechanics
- explains how electrons are arranged in atoms and its proper…
the periodic table is organized...
according to the atom's properties
18 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
(s)
(g)
(l)
(aq)
solid
gas
liquid
aqueous
(s)
solid
(g)
gas
14 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry
Covalent Bond
Endothermic reaction
exothermic reaction
Lewis Structure
A chemical bond between two non-metal atoms where pairs of el…
In which a greater amount of energy is required to break the…
In which more energy is released than is required to break bo…
A model that uses electron-dot structures to show how electro…
Covalent Bond
A chemical bond between two non-metal atoms where pairs of el…
Endothermic reaction
In which a greater amount of energy is required to break the…
Chemistry chapter 8
Chemical bond
Anion
Cation
Ionic bond
The force that holds two atoms together
An ion that has a negative charge
An ion with a positive charge
The electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particl…
Chemical bond
The force that holds two atoms together
Anion
An ion that has a negative charge
18 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry
pyramidal
trigonal planar
tetrahedral
bent
angle - 120 degrees... sp^2 orbitals
angle - 109.5 degrees
angle - 105 degrees
pyramidal
trigonal planar
angle - 120 degrees... sp^2 orbitals
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
chemical change
chemical reaction
reactant
product
A change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
chemical change
A change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
15 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical Equation
Coefficient
Formula Equation
Precipitate
A representation, with symbols and formulas, of the identitie…
A small whole number that appears in front of the formula in…
A representation of the reactants and products of a chemical…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
Chemical Equation
A representation, with symbols and formulas, of the identitie…
Coefficient
A small whole number that appears in front of the formula in…
5 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 8
stoichiometry
limiting reactant
theoretical yield
actual yield
the numerical relationship between chemical quantities in a b…
the reactant that makes the least amount of product; the reac…
the amount of product that can be made in a chemical reaction…
the amount of product actually produced by a chemical reaction
stoichiometry
the numerical relationship between chemical quantities in a b…
limiting reactant
the reactant that makes the least amount of product; the reac…
45 terms
Chemistry-Chapter 8
What is a covalent bond?
What is a molecule?
What is a diatomic molecule?
What is a molecular compound?
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule consisting of two atoms
a compound composed of molecules
What is a covalent bond?
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
What is a molecule?
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
22 terms
Chemistry 1301- Chapter 8: Periodic Table and Atomic Properties
valence orbitals
effective nuclear charge (Zeff)
core electrons
atomic radius
highest associated principal quantum number
the actual nuclear charge less the screening effect of all ot…
-those with an n value less than the valence electrons ... -are…
-depends on the bonding environment ... -molecules= covalent rad…
valence orbitals
highest associated principal quantum number
effective nuclear charge (Zeff)
the actual nuclear charge less the screening effect of all ot…
38 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecular compound
diatomic molecule
molecule
the atoms held together by sharing electrons
a compound composed of molecules; composed of 2 or more diffe…
a molecule consisting of 2 atoms
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
covalent bond
the atoms held together by sharing electrons
molecular compound
a compound composed of molecules; composed of 2 or more diffe…
14 terms
Chapter 8 chemistry terms
covalent bond
molecule
lewis structure
sigma bonds
the chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
formed when two or more atoms bond covalently
a model that uses electron-dot structures to show how electro…
(σ) single covalent bonds
covalent bond
the chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
formed when two or more atoms bond covalently
34 terms
Chemistry chapter 8
Mono
Di
Tri
Tetra
1
2
3
4
Mono
1
Di
2
28 terms
chemistry chapter 8
alcohol
aldehyde
alkene
amide
an organic compound that has hydroxyl (-OH) group bonded to a…
a class of organic compounds that contains a carbonyl (C=O) g…
a type of hydrocarbon that contains carbon-carbon double bond…
an organic compound in which a carbon containing the carbonyl…
alcohol
an organic compound that has hydroxyl (-OH) group bonded to a…
aldehyde
a class of organic compounds that contains a carbonyl (C=O) g…
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