Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "chemistry chapter 8"

30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
lewis structure
sigma bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
representation of the arrangements of electrons in a molecule
single covalent bonds; occurs when the pair of shared electro…
covalent bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
14 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
Coordinate covalent bond
covalent bond
Van der Waals Forces
dipole-dipole
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
atoms held together by sharing electrons are joined by ______…
The two weakest attractions between molecules are collectivel…
occur when polar molecules are attracted to one another. The…
Coordinate covalent bond
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
covalent bond
atoms held together by sharing electrons are joined by ______…
41 terms
Pearson Chemistry: Chapter 8
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
40 terms
Pearson Chemistry - Chapter 8 +
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
lewis structure
sigma bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
representation of the arrangements of electrons in a molecule
single covalent bonds; occurs when the pair of shared electro…
covalent bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
28 terms
BJU Chemistry Chapter 8
Oxidation Number (ON)
Polyatomic Ions
Nomenclature
Binary Covalent Compounds
Represents the number of electrons that an atom in a compound…
Covalently bonded groups of atoms that carry a charge.... The o…
This system of naming follows a standardized set of rules.
Two-element compounds that are not acids and are named using…
Oxidation Number (ON)
Represents the number of electrons that an atom in a compound…
Polyatomic Ions
Covalently bonded groups of atoms that carry a charge.... The o…
14 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 8 vocab
Single covalent bond
Structural formula
Unshared pair
Double covalent bond
A bond formed when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
A chemical formula that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
A pair of valence electrons that is not shared between atoms.
A bond in which two atoms share two pairs of electrons.
Single covalent bond
A bond formed when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
Structural formula
A chemical formula that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
29 terms
Pearson Chemistry: Chapter 8
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
30 terms
CHEMISTRY Pearson Chemistry - Chapter 8
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
30 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
atoms held together by sharing electrons
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule that contains two atoms.
a compound composed of molecules
covalent bond
atoms held together by sharing electrons
molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
19 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry
Metric Measurement
Scientific Hypothesis
Theory
Atom
Used by scientists and almost every country but US;... largest t…
1) "educated guess"... 2) can be tested... 3) prediction of what an…
Scientific explanation supported by evidence collected over a…
Smallest particle of an element that retains the chemical ide…
Metric Measurement
Used by scientists and almost every country but US;... largest t…
Scientific Hypothesis
1) "educated guess"... 2) can be tested... 3) prediction of what an…
8 terms
Chemistry (chapter 8)
Melting Point
Boiling Point
Intermolecular Forces
3 major types of intermolecular forces
The temperature at which the liquid phase is in equilibrium w…
the temperature at which the gas phase is in equilibrium with…
-def: forces that act between molecules or discrete atoms and…
1. dipole-dipole... 2. London dispersion... 3. hydrogen bonding
Melting Point
The temperature at which the liquid phase is in equilibrium w…
Boiling Point
the temperature at which the gas phase is in equilibrium with…
31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Covalent bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
A bond between atoms when they are held together by sharing e…
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains 2 atoms
A compound composed of molecules
Covalent bond
A bond between atoms when they are held together by sharing e…
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
chemical bond
octet rule
ion
positive ion
the force that holds two atoms together
atoms lose, gain, or share electrons in order to acquire a fu…
an atom or bonded group of atoms with a positive or negative…
formed when an atom loses one or more electrons in order to a…
chemical bond
the force that holds two atoms together
octet rule
atoms lose, gain, or share electrons in order to acquire a fu…
Pearson Chemistry: Chapter 8
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
37 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
oxidation numbers
free element rule
+1
+2
number of electrons that an atom must gain or lost to return…
elements on their own have oxidation numbers of zero
oxidation number of alkali metals
oxidation number of alkaline earth metals
oxidation numbers
number of electrons that an atom must gain or lost to return…
free element rule
elements on their own have oxidation numbers of zero
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
lewis structure
sigma bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
representation of the arrangements of electrons in a molecule
single covalent bonds; occurs when the pair of shared electro…
covalent bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
Chemistry chapter 8
Chemical bond
Anion
Cation
Ionic bond
The force that holds two atoms together
An ion that has a negative charge
An ion with a positive charge
The electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particl…
Chemical bond
The force that holds two atoms together
Anion
An ion that has a negative charge
18 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry
pyramidal
trigonal planar
tetrahedral
bent
angle - 120 degrees... sp^2 orbitals
angle - 109.5 degrees
angle - 105 degrees
pyramidal
trigonal planar
angle - 120 degrees... sp^2 orbitals
chemistry test (chapter 8)
a molecular formula shows how many ato…
the representative unit of a molecular…
in covalent bonds, electron sharing oc…
in a coordinate covalent bond, the sha…
what information does a molecular formula provide?
what representative units define molecular compounds and ioni…
what is the result of electron sharing in covalent bonds?
how are coordinate covalent bonds different from other covale…
a molecular formula shows how many ato…
what information does a molecular formula provide?
the representative unit of a molecular…
what representative units define molecular compounds and ioni…
15 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
alloy
anion
cation
chemical bond
a mixture of elements that has metallic properties
an ion that has a negative charge; forms when valence electro…
an ion that has a positive charge; forms when electrons are r…
the force that holds two atoms together; may form by the attr…
alloy
a mixture of elements that has metallic properties
anion
an ion that has a negative charge; forms when valence electro…
5 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 angles
109.5
180 w two atoms
120
180 w more than two atoms
tetrahedral
linear
trigonal planar
linear
109.5
tetrahedral
180 w two atoms
linear
13 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical Equation
Precipitate
Coefficient
Word Equation
Represents, w/ symbols and formulas, the identities and relat…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
A small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a…
An equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical…
Chemical Equation
Represents, w/ symbols and formulas, the identities and relat…
Precipitate
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
33 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
Linear (bonding regions)(lone pairs)
Linear (bonding regions)(lone pairs)
Trigonal Planar (bonding regions)(lone…
Bent/Angular (bonding regions)(lone pa…
(No central atom) (No Central Atom)
(2)(0)
(3)(0)
(2)(1)
Linear (bonding regions)(lone pairs)
(No central atom) (No Central Atom)
Linear (bonding regions)(lone pairs)
(2)(0)
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 8
bond energy
ionic bonding
ionic compound
Coulomb's Law
the energy required to break a given chemical bond
the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions
a compound that results when a metal reacts with a nonmetal t…
E = 2.31 x 10^-19 (Q1Q2 / r) where E is the energy of interac…
bond energy
the energy required to break a given chemical bond
ionic bonding
the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions
9 terms
CHEMISTRY CHAPTER 8
covalent bond
molecule
force of repulsion
force of attraction
the chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
formed when two or more atoms bond covalently
like-charged electrons, like-charged protons
protons that attract the other atom's electron
covalent bond
the chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
formed when two or more atoms bond covalently
Chemistry Chapter 8 Covalent Bonds
covalent bond
molecule
Lewis structure
sigma bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
forms when two or more atoms covalently bond and is lower in…
a model that uses electron dot structures to show how electro…
a single covalent bond that is formed when an electron pair i…
covalent bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
molecule
forms when two or more atoms covalently bond and is lower in…
Chemistry Chapter 8
linear
trigonal planar
tetrahedral
trigonal pyramidal
total pairs: 2... shared pairs: 2 ... lone pairs: 0
total pairs: 3... shared pairs: 3... lone pairs: 0
total pairs: 4... shared pairs: 4... lone pairs: 0
total pairs: 4 ... shared pairs: 3 ... lone pairs: 1
linear
total pairs: 2... shared pairs: 2 ... lone pairs: 0
trigonal planar
total pairs: 3... shared pairs: 3... lone pairs: 0
Chemistry chapter 8
Mono
Di
Tri
Tetra
1
2
3
4
Mono
1
Di
2
Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecular compound
diatomic molecule
molecule
the atoms held together by sharing electrons
a compound composed of molecules; composed of 2 or more diffe…
a molecule consisting of 2 atoms
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
covalent bond
the atoms held together by sharing electrons
molecular compound
a compound composed of molecules; composed of 2 or more diffe…
31 terms
chemistry vocabulary chapter 8
bond dissocation energy
bonding orbital
covalent bond
coordinate covalent bond
energy needed to break a covalent bond
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
bond dissocation energy
energy needed to break a covalent bond
bonding orbital
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
19 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Metallic Bonds
Lewis Symbols
Forms from an electron transfer from a metal to a nonmetal (c…
Electron pair shared by two atoms (simultaneously in the vale…
Electron sea model: free and mobile electrons within a matrix…
A way to visualize the valence electrons of the atoms with dots
Ionic Bonds
Forms from an electron transfer from a metal to a nonmetal (c…
Covalent Bonds
Electron pair shared by two atoms (simultaneously in the vale…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
chemical change
chemical reaction
reactant
product
A change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
chemical change
A change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
48 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry
covalent bond
molecule
example of molecule
diatomic molecule
atoms held together by sharing of electrons
neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
oxygen molecules= each consist of oxygen atoms joined by cova…
consists of two atoms; example is oxygen
covalent bond
atoms held together by sharing of electrons
molecule
neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
18 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
(s)
(g)
(l)
(aq)
solid
gas
liquid
aqueous
(s)
solid
(g)
gas
Chapter 8 Chemistry
Three Quantum Numbers
Fourth Quantum Number
When a beam of atoms that have one or…
Spin Quantum Number (ms)
n, l, and m(l): describe the size (energy), shape, and orient…
Describes a property called spin, which is a property of the…
It splits into two beams. Each electron behaves as if it were…
A number, either +1/2 or -1/2, that indicates the direction o…
Three Quantum Numbers
n, l, and m(l): describe the size (energy), shape, and orient…
Fourth Quantum Number
Describes a property called spin, which is a property of the…
20 terms
chemistry chapter 8
quantum mechanics
the periodic table is organized...
nerve signal transmission
Periodic property
- explains how electrons are arranged in atoms and its proper…
according to the atom's properties
it is mediated by ion movement ... - Na+ goes out of the cell ... -…
a property that is predictable based on an elements position…
quantum mechanics
- explains how electrons are arranged in atoms and its proper…
the periodic table is organized...
according to the atom's properties
16 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change-Chapter 8
covalent bond
endothermic reaction
exothermic reaction
Lewis structure
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
a chemical reaction or process in which a greater amount of e…
a chemical reaction or process in which more energy is releas…
a model that uses electron dot structures to show how electro…
covalent bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
endothermic reaction
a chemical reaction or process in which a greater amount of e…
14 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry
Covalent Bond
Endothermic reaction
exothermic reaction
Lewis Structure
A chemical bond between two non-metal atoms where pairs of el…
In which a greater amount of energy is required to break the…
In which more energy is released than is required to break bo…
A model that uses electron-dot structures to show how electro…
Covalent Bond
A chemical bond between two non-metal atoms where pairs of el…
Endothermic reaction
In which a greater amount of energy is required to break the…
81 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 8
oxidation numbers
+1
+2
+1
represent the number of electrons that an atom in a compound…
Alkali metal oxidation numbers
Alkaline-earth metal oxidation numbers
Oxidation number of hydrogen when bonded to another nonmetal.
oxidation numbers
represent the number of electrons that an atom in a compound…
+1
Alkali metal oxidation numbers
Chemistry: Chapter 8
stoichiometry
limiting reactant
theoretical yield
actual yield
the numerical relationship between chemical quantities in a b…
the reactant that makes the least amount of product; the reac…
the amount of product that can be made in a chemical reaction…
the amount of product actually produced by a chemical reaction
stoichiometry
the numerical relationship between chemical quantities in a b…
limiting reactant
the reactant that makes the least amount of product; the reac…
26 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
atoms held together by sharing electrons
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule that contains two atoms.
a compound composed of molecules
covalent bond
atoms held together by sharing electrons
molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
15 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical Equation
Coefficient
Formula Equation
Precipitate
A representation, with symbols and formulas, of the identitie…
A small whole number that appears in front of the formula in…
A representation of the reactants and products of a chemical…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
Chemical Equation
A representation, with symbols and formulas, of the identitie…
Coefficient
A small whole number that appears in front of the formula in…
31 terms
chemistry vocabulary chapter 8
bond dissocation energy
bonding orbital
covalent bond
coordinate covalent bond
energy needed to break a covalent bond
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
bond dissocation energy
energy needed to break a covalent bond
bonding orbital
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
Chemistry Chapter 8
Chemical Formula
Precipitate
Combustion
Alcohol
formulas representing reactants and products in a reaction.
Solid formed when two aqueous solutions mix
to burn something
compound with Hydrogen, Carbon, and Oxygen
Chemical Formula
formulas representing reactants and products in a reaction.
Precipitate
Solid formed when two aqueous solutions mix
44 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Covalent bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
A bond between atoms when they are held together by sharing e…
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains 2 atoms
A compound composed of molecules
Covalent bond
A bond between atoms when they are held together by sharing e…
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
Chemistry Chapter 8
carboxylic acid
phenols
ester
amines
carboxylic acid
phenols
22 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
Precipitation
Precipitate
Precipitation reaction
Strong electrolyte
The formation of a solid in a chemical reaction.
The solid that forms in a precipitation reaction
A reaction in which a solid forms and separates from the solu…
Substance that dissolves in water by dissociating completely…
Precipitation
The formation of a solid in a chemical reaction.
Precipitate
The solid that forms in a precipitation reaction
13 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Modern Chemistry
chemical equation
precipitate
coefficient
word equation
represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
a small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a…
an equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical…
chemical equation
represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
precipitate
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
20 terms
Chemistry chapter 8 Matter and Temperature
Archimedes' Principle
Bernoulli's Principle
buoyant force
Charles Law
States that the buoyant force is equal to the weight of the f…
As the velocity of a fluid increase the pressure exerted by t…
upward force exerted on an object immersed in a fluid
If pressure is kept constant, then as temperature increases,…
Archimedes' Principle
States that the buoyant force is equal to the weight of the f…
Bernoulli's Principle
As the velocity of a fluid increase the pressure exerted by t…
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