Study sets matching "chemistry compounds rules ionic"

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Study sets matching "chemistry compounds rules ionic"

Chemistry - Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Alkali metal ions
NH₄⁺
Nitrates (NO₃⁻)
Acetates (CH₃COO⁻)
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Alkali metal ions
Soluble
NH₄⁺
Soluble
28 terms
Chemistry 3 Exam - Solubility Rules for ionic compounds
Li +
Na+
K+
Rb+
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Li +
Soluble
Na+
Soluble
54 terms
Chemistry: Ionic Compounds- Octet Rules and Ions
An octet contains 8 __________ electrons
Noble Gas Ions become an octet in orde…
The exception of becoming an octet for…
All of the layers of electrons must ad…
valence
stable
He... 2
atomic number
An octet contains 8 __________ electrons
valence
Noble Gas Ions become an octet in orde…
stable
15 terms
Solubility Rules (Ionic Compounds)
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Halides (Chlorides, Bromides Iodides)
Sulfates
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2 )
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2, Hg^+2, Ba^+2, Sr^+…
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Soluble
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Soluble
Chemistry 1301 Chapter 4 Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds in Water
Compounds containing the following ion…
Exceptions for LI^+. NA^+, K^+, and NH…
Exceptions for NO3^- and C2H3O2^-
Exceptions for Cl-, Br-, and I-
1. Li^+, NA^+, K^+, and NH4^+... 2. NO3^- and C2H3O2^-... 3. Cl^-,…
None
None
When these ions are paired with Ag^+, Hg2^2+, or Pb^2+, the r…
Compounds containing the following ion…
1. Li^+, NA^+, K^+, and NH4^+... 2. NO3^- and C2H3O2^-... 3. Cl^-,…
Exceptions for LI^+. NA^+, K^+, and NH…
None
15 terms
Solubility Rules (Ionic Compounds)
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Halides (Chlorides, Bromides Iodides)
Sulfates
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2 )
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2, Hg^+2, Ba^+2, Sr^+…
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Soluble
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Soluble
16 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻
always soluble
alkalies
always soluble
NH₄⁺
15 terms
Solubility Rules (Ionic Compounds)
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Halides (Chlorides, Bromides Iodides)
Sulfates
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2 )
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2, Hg^+2, Ba^+2, Sr^+…
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Soluble
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Soluble
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
All common compounds of Group 1A ions and ammonium ions (NH4+)
All common nitrates (NO3-), acetates (CH3OO-), and most perch…
All common chlorides, bromides, iodides EXCEPT when paired wi…
All common sulfates (SO4 2-) EXCEPT when paired with: Ca, Sr,…
Soluble
All common compounds of Group 1A ions and ammonium ions (NH4+)
Soluble
All common nitrates (NO3-), acetates (CH3OO-), and most perch…
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
all group 1A (alkali metals) and ammon…
all Nitrates, NO3- are...
all common chlorides, bromides, iodide…
most sulfates ... except: ones including…
soluble
all soluble
soluble
soluble
all group 1A (alkali metals) and ammon…
soluble
all Nitrates, NO3- are...
all soluble
8 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
C2H3O2-, NO3-
Cl-, Br-, I-
SO4 2-
Group IA and ammonium compounds are soluble.... Exceptions: —
Acetates and nitrates are soluble.... Exceptions: —
Most chlorides, bromides and Iodides are soluble.... Exceptions:…
Most sulfates are soluble.... Exceptions: CaSO4, SrSO4, BaSO4, A…
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
Group IA and ammonium compounds are soluble.... Exceptions: —
C2H3O2-, NO3-
Acetates and nitrates are soluble.... Exceptions: —
10 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Alkali Metal Ions and Ammonium Ions
Acetate Ion
Nitrate Ion
Halide Ions (X)
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+... Soluble
C2H3O2-... Soluble
NO3-... Soluble
Cl-, Br-, I... Soluble... Insoluble Exceptions: AgX, Hg2X2, PbX2
Alkali Metal Ions and Ammonium Ions
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+... Soluble
Acetate Ion
C2H3O2-... Soluble
21 terms
Rules for Naming Ionic Compounds
Acid
Ionic Compound
Base
Meth
start with H, -ic ending for -ate ending, -ous for -ite endin…
ite or ate, put ion on the end
has OH in it, add hydroxide on the end
one carbon
Acid
start with H, -ic ending for -ate ending, -ous for -ite endin…
Ionic Compound
ite or ate, put ion on the end
rules for naming ionic compounds
element + charge
element + roman numeral in parenthesis
Drop, Swap, Reduce
cation, then anion
rule one
rule for all other metals
Drop Charges, Swap Charges, Reduce to Lowest Intergers
cation
element + charge
rule one
element + roman numeral in parenthesis
rule for all other metals
5 terms
Rules for Naming Ionic Compounds
1
2
3
4
Balance charges (charges should equal zero)
Cation is always written first (for name and formula)
If the cation has more than one charge option, use the corres…
Change the ending of the anion to -ide if it comes from the p…
1
Balance charges (charges should equal zero)
2
Cation is always written first (for name and formula)
17 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Group 1A (Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+)
NH4+
nitrates (NO3-)
chlorides, bromides, iodides (Cl-, Br-…
all soluble
soluble
all soluble
all soluble except those of Ag+, Hg2+2, and Pb+2
Group 1A (Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+)
all soluble
NH4+
soluble
8 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
C2H3O2-, NO3-
Cl-, Br-, I-
SO4^2-
Group IA and ammonium compounds are soluble
Acetates and nitrates are soluble
Most chlorides, bromides, and iodides are soluble (Except: Ag…
Most sulfates are soluble (Except: CaSO4, SrSO4, BaSO4, Ag2SO…
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
Group IA and ammonium compounds are soluble
C2H3O2-, NO3-
Acetates and nitrates are soluble
13 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
NO3
C2H3O2
ClO3
ClO4
soluble, none
soluble, none
soluble, none
soluble, none
NO3
soluble, none
C2H3O2
soluble, none
Solubility rules for Ionic Compounds
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
NO3-, C2H3O2-
Cl-, Br-, I-
SO4-
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble except Ag+, Hg2+, Pb2+
Soluble except Sr2+, Br2+, Pb2+, Ag2+, Ca2+
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
Soluble
NO3-, C2H3O2-
Soluble
77 terms
Chemistry - Ionic Compounds
calcium iodide
magnesium nitrate
iron (II) acetate
calcium hydride
CaI₂
Mg(NO₃)₂
Fe(C₂H₃O₂)₂
CaH₂
calcium iodide
CaI₂
magnesium nitrate
Mg(NO₃)₂
Solubility Rules of Ionic Compounds
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻¹
C₂H₃O₂⁻¹
ClO₃⁻¹
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
NH₄⁺
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
NO₃⁻¹
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
all salts that contain group 1 ions (H…
all salts with either NO₃⁻ or CH₃COO⁻
all halides (Group 17) except species…
all sulfates except Ba²⁺, Ca²⁺, Sr²⁺,…
fully soluble
fully soluble
fully soluble
fully soluble
all salts that contain group 1 ions (H…
fully soluble
all salts with either NO₃⁻ or CH₃COO⁻
fully soluble
7 terms
Rules for Solubility of Ionic Compounds
All Group I elements and Ammonium salt…
Nitrates, Acetates, Chlorates, and Per…
Silver, Lead, and Mercury I salts are…
Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides, and Io…
Rule 1
Rule 2
Rule 3
Rule 4
All Group I elements and Ammonium salt…
Rule 1
Nitrates, Acetates, Chlorates, and Per…
Rule 2
24 terms
Chemistry: Ionic Bonding and Ionic Compounds
Electrons in the highest occupied ener…
What determines the chemical propertie…
How many valence electrons are in grou…
How many valence electrons do the elem…
Valence electrons
valence electrons
4
8
Electrons in the highest occupied ener…
Valence electrons
What determines the chemical propertie…
valence electrons
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
what is an electrolyte?
What are the two categories of electro…
What is a participation reaction?
What is a net ionic equation?
Ionic compounds are electrolytes. Electrolytes are substances…
A strong electrolyte is a compound that completely dissociate…
It is a reaction in which one or more insoluble products form…
when a reaction occurs between ionic compounds and a particip…
what is an electrolyte?
Ionic compounds are electrolytes. Electrolytes are substances…
What are the two categories of electro…
A strong electrolyte is a compound that completely dissociate…
Solubility Rules of Ionic Compounds
Most Group 1A metals and NH₄⁺
Nitrate (NO₃⁻), Acetate (CH₃CO₂⁻), Chl…
Cl⁻, Br⁻, I⁻
F⁻
Soluble, no exception
soluble, no exceptions
Soluble... exceptions: Ag⁺,Hg₂²⁺, Pb²⁺
soluble... exceptions: Mg²⁺,Ca²⁺, Sr²⁺,Ba²⁺, Pb²⁺
Most Group 1A metals and NH₄⁺
Soluble, no exception
Nitrate (NO₃⁻), Acetate (CH₃CO₂⁻), Chl…
soluble, no exceptions
11 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Group 1 and NH4 compounds
Acetates (C2H3O2)
Chlorides (Cl)
Bromides (Br)
Soluble
Group 1 and NH4 compounds
Soluble
Acetates (C2H3O2)
17 terms
AP Chemistry: Solubility Rules for Common Ionic Compounds in Water
alkali metal ion compounds
NH4^1+ (ammonium)
C2H3O2^1- (acetates)
NO3^1- (nitrates)
soluble
soluble
soluble (exception: AgC2H3O2 is moderately soluble.)
soluble
alkali metal ion compounds
soluble
NH4^1+ (ammonium)
soluble
15 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds in Water
Soluble; no exceptions
Soluble; no exceptions
Soluble; no exceptions
Soluble; no exceptions
Na+
K+
Soluble; no exceptions
Soluble; no exceptions
Na+
28 terms
Chemistry: Ionic Bonding and Ionic Compounds
Electrons in the highest occupied ener…
What determines the chemical propertie…
How many valence electrons are in grou…
How many valence electrons do the elem…
Valence electrons
valence electrons
4
8
Electrons in the highest occupied ener…
Valence electrons
What determines the chemical propertie…
valence electrons
16 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻
always soluble
alkalies
always soluble
NH₄⁺
28 terms
Solubility Rules- Ionic compounds
Li⁺
Na⁺
K⁺
Rb⁺
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Li⁺
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Na⁺
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Solubility Rules Ionic Compounds
(NO3)1-
(C2H3O2)1-
(Cl)1-
(Br)1-
All nitrates are soluble
All acetates are soluble
All chlorides are soluble... Except AgCl, PbCl2, Hg2Cl2
All bromides are soluble... Except AgBr, PbBr2, HgBr2, Hg2Br2
(NO3)1-
All nitrates are soluble
(C2H3O2)1-
All acetates are soluble
16 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻
always soluble
alkalies
always soluble
NH₄⁺
5 terms
Insoluble Ionic Compounds Rules
S
CO3
PO4
OH
Group 1, ammonium, group 2, Ca, Sr, and Ba
Group 1 and ammonium
Group 1 and ammonium
Group 1, Ca, Sr, Ba, and ammonium
S
Group 1, ammonium, group 2, Ca, Sr, and Ba
CO3
Group 1 and ammonium
14 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
Li+
Na+
K+
NH4+
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
Li+
always soluble
Na+
always soluble
5 terms
Rules for naming ionic compounds
1
2
3
4
Balance charges (should equal zero)
Cations (positive) is always written first
If the cation has more than one charge option, use correspond…
Change the ending of the anion to -ide if it comes from the p…
1
Balance charges (should equal zero)
2
Cations (positive) is always written first
24 terms
Solubility Rules For Ionic Compounds
Nitrate (NO3 -1)
Acetate (C2H3O2 -)
Na+1
K+
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Nitrate (NO3 -1)
Soluble
Acetate (C2H3O2 -)
Soluble
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+, NO2-, C2H3O2-
Cl-, Br-, I-
SO4^2-
OH-, S^2-
Compounds containing the following are soluble with no except…
When these ions pair with Ag+, Hg2+, or Pb2+, the resulting c…
When this pairs with Sr^2+, Ba^2+, Pb^2+, Ag^2+, or Ca^2+, th…
When these ions pairs with Li+, Na+, K+, or NH4+, the resulti…
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+, NO2-, C2H3O2-
Compounds containing the following are soluble with no except…
Cl-, Br-, I-
When these ions pair with Ag+, Hg2+, or Pb2+, the resulting c…
14 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Group 1A , Ammonium
Acetates , Nitrates
Chlorides, Bromides, Iodides
soluble
Rule 1: ________ & _______ compounds are soluble.
Rule 2: ________ & ______ are also soluble.
Rule 3: Most _______ , _______, & ________ are soluble.
Rules 1 through 4 are pertaining to soluble or insoluble comp…
Group 1A , Ammonium
Rule 1: ________ & _______ compounds are soluble.
Acetates , Nitrates
Rule 2: ________ & ______ are also soluble.
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
salts of alkali metals and ammonium
nitrate salts and chlorate salts
sulfate salts, except compounds with l…
chloride salts except compound with le…
soluble
soluble
soluble
soluble
salts of alkali metals and ammonium
soluble
nitrate salts and chlorate salts
soluble
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Li+ Na+ K+ NH4+
NO3- C2HcO2-
Cl- Br- I-
SO42-
Are always soluble
Are always soluble
Are usually soluble except when paired with Ag+ Hg2 2+ or Pb2+
Is usually soluble except when paired with Sr 2+ Ba 2+ Pb 2+…
Li+ Na+ K+ NH4+
Are always soluble
NO3- C2HcO2-
Are always soluble
Solubility Rules for ionic compounds
Number 1
Number 2, NO3-
Number 3, Cl-
Number four, SO4-2
Alkali & NH4+ salts are soluble
NO3-, CH3CO2- & ClO3- are soluble
Cl-, Br-, I- salts are soluble except with Ag+, Hg2+2, Pb+2
SO4-2 are soluble, except Ag+, Hg2+2, Pb+2, Ca+2, Sr+2 and Ba+2
Number 1
Alkali & NH4+ salts are soluble
Number 2, NO3-
NO3-, CH3CO2- & ClO3- are soluble
7 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
All common compounds of group __ ions…
All common ___, ____, and ____ are sol…
All common __, ___, and ___ are solubl…
All common ___ are soluble except thos…
1A, ammonium
nitrates (NO3), acetates(C2H3O2), and perchlorates(ClO4)
Chlorides, Bromides, iodides, except Ag, Pb, Cu^1+, and Hg
Sulfates(SO4); Ca, Sr, Ba, Hg, and Pb
All common compounds of group __ ions…
1A, ammonium
All common ___, ____, and ____ are sol…
nitrates (NO3), acetates(C2H3O2), and perchlorates(ClO4)
Rules for naming ionic compounds
balance charges (charges should equal 0)
cation is always written first (for na…
if the cation has more than one charge…
change the ending of the anion to -ide…
...
...
...
...
balance charges (charges should equal 0)
...
cation is always written first (for na…
...
28 terms
Solubility Rules of Ionic Compounds
NH4F
(NH4)2S
(NH4)3PO4
NaF
soluble
soluble
soluble
soluble
NH4F
soluble
(NH4)2S
soluble
12 terms
solubility rules for ionic compounds
group 1A, ammonium, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+,…
nitrates, NO3 -
chlorides, bromides, iodides, cl-, br-…
sulfates SO4 2-
soluble
soluble
soluble except those containing Ag, Pb, Hg
soluble except those containing Ca, Sr, Ba, and Pb
group 1A, ammonium, Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+,…
soluble
nitrates, NO3 -
soluble
11 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Alkali metal ions
Ammonium ions
Acetate ion
Nitrate ion
Water Soluble (Group 1 excluding H)
Water Soluble
Water Soluble
Water Soluble
Alkali metal ions
Water Soluble (Group 1 excluding H)
Ammonium ions
Water Soluble
10 terms
Solubility of Ionic Compounds Rules
Compounds containing NO₃⁻
Compounds containing CH₃COO⁻
Compounds containing Cl⁻
Compounds containing Br⁻
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble (exceptions: Ag⁺, Hg₂²⁺, and Pb²⁺)
Soluble (exceptions: Ag⁺, Hg₂²⁺, and Pb²⁺)
Compounds containing NO₃⁻
Soluble
Compounds containing CH₃COO⁻
Soluble
6 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
1
2
3
4
Salts with group 1 metals/ammonium are soluble
NO3, CH3COO, ClO3, ClO4 are soluble
Salts with silver, lead and mercury are insoluble
Chlorine, bromine, Iodide are soluble
1
Salts with group 1 metals/ammonium are soluble
2
NO3, CH3COO, ClO3, ClO4 are soluble
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