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Study sets matching "chemistry compounds rules ionic"

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Study sets matching "chemistry compounds rules ionic"

27 terms
Chemistry - Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Alkali metal ions
NH₄⁺
Nitrates (NO₃⁻)
Acetates (CH₃COO⁻)
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Alkali metal ions
Soluble
NH₄⁺
Soluble
54 terms
Chemistry: Ionic Compounds- Octet Rules and Ions
An octet contains 8 __________ electrons
Noble Gas Ions become an octet in orde…
The exception of becoming an octet for…
All of the layers of electrons must ad…
valence
stable
He... 2
atomic number
An octet contains 8 __________ electrons
valence
Noble Gas Ions become an octet in orde…
stable
28 terms
Chemistry 3 Exam - Solubility Rules for ionic compounds
Li +
Na+
K+
Rb+
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Li +
Soluble
Na+
Soluble
16 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻
always soluble
alkalies
always soluble
NH₄⁺
16 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻
always soluble
alkalies
always soluble
NH₄⁺
15 terms
Solubility Rules (Ionic Compounds)
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Halides (Chlorides, Bromides Iodides)
Sulfates
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2 )
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2, Hg^+2, Ba^+2, Sr^+…
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Soluble
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Soluble
16 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻
always soluble
alkalies
always soluble
NH₄⁺
8 terms
Chemistry 1301 Chapter 4 Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds in Water
Compounds containing the following ion…
Exceptions for LI^+. NA^+, K^+, and NH…
Exceptions for NO3^- and C2H3O2^-
Exceptions for Cl-, Br-, and I-
1. Li^+, NA^+, K^+, and NH4^+... 2. NO3^- and C2H3O2^-... 3. Cl^-,…
None
None
When these ions are paired with Ag^+, Hg2^2+, or Pb^2+, the r…
Compounds containing the following ion…
1. Li^+, NA^+, K^+, and NH4^+... 2. NO3^- and C2H3O2^-... 3. Cl^-,…
Exceptions for LI^+. NA^+, K^+, and NH…
None
17 terms
AP Chemistry: Solubility Rules for Common Ionic Compounds in Water
alkali metal ion compounds
NH4^1+ (ammonium)
C2H3O2^1- (acetates)
NO3^1- (nitrates)
soluble
soluble
soluble (exception: AgC2H3O2 is moderately soluble.)
soluble
alkali metal ion compounds
soluble
NH4^1+ (ammonium)
soluble
28 terms
Solubility Rules of Ionic Compounds
NH4F
(NH4)2S
(NH4)3PO4
NaF
soluble
soluble
soluble
soluble
NH4F
soluble
(NH4)2S
soluble
6 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
1
2
3
4
Salts with group 1 metals/ammonium are soluble
NO3, CH3COO, ClO3, ClO4 are soluble
Salts with silver, lead and mercury are insoluble
Chlorine, bromine, Iodide are soluble
1
Salts with group 1 metals/ammonium are soluble
2
NO3, CH3COO, ClO3, ClO4 are soluble
10 terms
Solubility of Ionic Compounds Rules
Compounds containing NO₃⁻
Compounds containing CH₃COO⁻
Compounds containing Cl⁻
Compounds containing Br⁻
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble (exceptions: Ag⁺, Hg₂²⁺, and Pb²⁺)
Soluble (exceptions: Ag⁺, Hg₂²⁺, and Pb²⁺)
Compounds containing NO₃⁻
Soluble
Compounds containing CH₃COO⁻
Soluble
14 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Li⁺
Na⁺
K⁺
NH₄⁺
soluble
soluble
soluble
soluble
Li⁺
soluble
Na⁺
soluble
12 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies (row 1A)
NH₄⁺ (ammonium)
NO₃⁻ (nitrate)
C₂H₃O₂⁻ (acetate)
always soluble
alkalies (row 1A)
always soluble
NH₄⁺ (ammonium)
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
All common compounds of Group 1A ions and ammonium ions (NH4+)
All common nitrates (NO3-), acetates (CH3OO-), and most perch…
All common chlorides, bromides, iodides EXCEPT when paired wi…
All common sulfates (SO4 2-) EXCEPT when paired with: Ca, Sr,…
Soluble
All common compounds of Group 1A ions and ammonium ions (NH4+)
Soluble
All common nitrates (NO3-), acetates (CH3OO-), and most perch…
9 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
all group 1A (alkali metals) and ammon…
all Nitrates, NO3- are...
all common chlorides, bromides, iodide…
most sulfates ... except: ones including…
soluble
all soluble
soluble
soluble
all group 1A (alkali metals) and ammon…
soluble
all Nitrates, NO3- are...
all soluble
17 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Group 1A (Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+)
NH4+
nitrates (NO3-)
chlorides, bromides, iodides (Cl-, Br-…
all soluble
soluble
all soluble
all soluble except those of Ag+, Hg2+2, and Pb+2
Group 1A (Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+)
all soluble
NH4+
soluble
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
All common compounds of Group 1A (1) i…
All common compounds of ammonium ion (…
All common nitrates (NO3-), acetates (…
All common chlorides (Cl-), bromides (…
soluble
soluble
soluble
soluble; ... insoluble exceptions: ... chlorides, bromides, and iod…
All common compounds of Group 1A (1) i…
soluble
All common compounds of ammonium ion (…
soluble
8 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
C2H3O2-, NO3-
Cl-, Br-, I-
SO4 2-
Group IA and ammonium compounds are soluble.... Exceptions: —
Acetates and nitrates are soluble.... Exceptions: —
Most chlorides, bromides and Iodides are soluble.... Exceptions:…
Most sulfates are soluble.... Exceptions: CaSO4, SrSO4, BaSO4, A…
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
Group IA and ammonium compounds are soluble.... Exceptions: —
C2H3O2-, NO3-
Acetates and nitrates are soluble.... Exceptions: —
10 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Alkali Metal Ions and Ammonium Ions
Acetate Ion
Nitrate Ion
Halide Ions (X)
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+... Soluble
C2H3O2-... Soluble
NO3-... Soluble
Cl-, Br-, I... Soluble... Insoluble Exceptions: AgX, Hg2X2, PbX2
Alkali Metal Ions and Ammonium Ions
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+... Soluble
Acetate Ion
C2H3O2-... Soluble
21 terms
Rules for Naming Ionic Compounds
Acid
Ionic Compound
Base
Meth
start with H, -ic ending for -ate ending, -ous for -ite endin…
ite or ate, put ion on the end
has OH in it, add hydroxide on the end
one carbon
Acid
start with H, -ic ending for -ate ending, -ous for -ite endin…
Ionic Compound
ite or ate, put ion on the end
15 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
group 1
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻
always soluble
group 1
always soluble
NH₄⁺
13 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds:
Group 1A (Li⁺, Na⁺, K⁺, Rb⁺, Cs⁺), as…
Nitrates: NO₃⁻
Chlorides, bromides, iodides (Cl⁻, Br⁻…
Sulfates (SO₄²⁻)
All are soluble
All are soluble
Most are soluble. Exceptions: Ag⁺, Hg²⁺, Pb²⁺
Most are soluble. Exceptions: Ca²⁺, Sr²⁺, Ba²⁺ and Pb²⁺
Group 1A (Li⁺, Na⁺, K⁺, Rb⁺, Cs⁺), as…
All are soluble
Nitrates: NO₃⁻
All are soluble
8 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
C2H3O2-, NO3-
Cl-, Br-, I-
SO4^2-
Group IA and ammonium compounds are soluble
Acetates and nitrates are soluble
Most chlorides, bromides, and iodides are soluble (Except: Ag…
Most sulfates are soluble (Except: CaSO4, SrSO4, BaSO4, Ag2SO…
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
Group IA and ammonium compounds are soluble
C2H3O2-, NO3-
Acetates and nitrates are soluble
15 terms
Solubility Rules (Ionic Compounds)
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Halides (Chlorides, Bromides Iodides)
Sulfates
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2 )
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2, Hg^+2, Ba^+2, Sr^+…
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Soluble
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Soluble
10 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
SOLUBLE... expectations are Sr²⁺, Ba²⁺, H…
SOLUBLE... expectations are Ag⁺, Pb²⁺, Hg…
SOLUBLE... expectations are Ag⁺, Pb²⁺, Hg…
NO₃⁻
SO₄²⁻
Cl⁻
Br⁻
always soluble
NO₃⁻
SOLUBLE... expectations are Sr²⁺, Ba²⁺, H…
SO₄²⁻
11 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Alkali metal ions
Ammonium ions
Acetate ion
Nitrate ion
Water Soluble (Group 1 excluding H)
Water Soluble
Water Soluble
Water Soluble
Alkali metal ions
Water Soluble (Group 1 excluding H)
Ammonium ions
Water Soluble
5 terms
Rules for Naming Ionic Compounds
1
2
3
4
Balance charges (charges should equal zero)
Cation is always written first (for name and formula)
If the cation has more than one charge option, use the corres…
Change the ending of the anion to -ide if it comes from the p…
1
Balance charges (charges should equal zero)
2
Cation is always written first (for name and formula)
6 terms
Solubility rules for Ionic Compounds
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
NO3-, C2H3O2-
Cl-, Br-, I-
SO4-
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble except Ag+, Hg2+, Pb2+
Soluble except Sr2+, Br2+, Pb2+, Ag2+, Ca2+
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
Soluble
NO3-, C2H3O2-
Soluble
22 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
what is an electrolyte?
What are the two categories of electro…
What is a participation reaction?
What is a net ionic equation?
Ionic compounds are electrolytes. Electrolytes are substances…
A strong electrolyte is a compound that completely dissociate…
It is a reaction in which one or more insoluble products form…
when a reaction occurs between ionic compounds and a particip…
what is an electrolyte?
Ionic compounds are electrolytes. Electrolytes are substances…
What are the two categories of electro…
A strong electrolyte is a compound that completely dissociate…
13 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Group 1A
Nitrates
Chlorides, Bromides and iodides (Cl^-,…
Hydroxides
All alkali metals and ammonium compounds are soluble
NO3^-; all nitrates are soluble
All are soluble except Ag+, Hg2^2+, and Pb2+. Ex: AgCl, PbCl2…
All hydroxides are insoluble except those of ammonium and gro…
Group 1A
All alkali metals and ammonium compounds are soluble
Nitrates
NO3^-; all nitrates are soluble
11 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
Group IA
NH4^+
C2H3O2^-
NO3^-
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Group IA
Soluble
NH4^+
Soluble
15 terms
Solubility Rules of Ionic Compounds
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻¹
C₂H₃O₂⁻¹
ClO₃⁻¹
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
NH₄⁺
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
NO₃⁻¹
Always Soluable (Golden Rule)
15 terms
Solubility Rules for the Ionic Compounds
Li⁺
Na⁺
K⁺
NH₄⁺
soluble
soluble
soluble
soluble... no exceptions
Li⁺
soluble
Na⁺
soluble
15 terms
Solubility Rules (Ionic Compounds)
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Halides (Chlorides, Bromides Iodides)
Sulfates
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2 )
Soluble - Exceptions (Ag^+, Hg2^+2, Pb^+2, Hg^+2, Ba^+2, Sr^+…
Alkali metals and ammonium salts
Soluble
Nitrates, acetates and chlorates
Soluble
14 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
NO₃⁻
C₂H₃O₂⁻
Li⁺
Na⁺
always soluble
NO₃⁻
always soluble
C₂H₃O₂⁻
5 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
all salts that contain group 1 ions (H…
all salts with either NO₃⁻ or CH₃COO⁻
all halides (Group 17) except species…
all sulfates except Ba²⁺, Ca²⁺, Sr²⁺,…
fully soluble
fully soluble
fully soluble
fully soluble
all salts that contain group 1 ions (H…
fully soluble
all salts with either NO₃⁻ or CH₃COO⁻
fully soluble
58 terms
Chemistry: Naming Ionic Compounds
LiF
LiCl
LiBr
LiI
lithium fluoride
lithium chloride
lithium bromide
lithium iodide
LiF
lithium fluoride
LiCl
lithium chloride
8 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
1 - Group IA and ammonium compounds ar…
2-Acetates and Nitrates are soluble. A…
3- Most chlorides, bromides, and iodid…
4- Most sulfates are soluble. Applies…
...
...
Exceptions: AgCl, Hg₂Cl₂, PbCl₂, AgBr, HgBr₂, Hg₂Br₂, PbBr₂,…
Exceptions: CaSO₄, SrSO₄,BaSO₄, Ag₂SO₄, Hg₂SO₄, PbSO₄
1 - Group IA and ammonium compounds ar…
...
2-Acetates and Nitrates are soluble. A…
...
14 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻, ClO₄⁻
always soluble
alkalies
always soluble
NH₄⁺
12 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies
ammonium (NH₄⁺)
nitrates (NO₃⁻)
acetates (C₂H₃O₂⁻)
always soluble
alkalies
always soluble
ammonium (NH₄⁺)
18 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻
always soluble
alkalies
always soluble
NH₄⁺
16 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
always soluble
alkalies
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻
always soluble
alkalies
always soluble
NH₄⁺
69 terms
Chemistry Nomenclature Ionic Compounds
NaBr
CaO
Li₂S
MgBr₂
Sodium Bromide
Calcium Oxide
Lithium Sulfide
Magnesium Bromide
NaBr
Sodium Bromide
CaO
Calcium Oxide
11 terms
Solubility rules for ionic compounds
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Soluble
Group 1 and NH4 compounds
Acetates (C2H3O2)
Chlorides (Cl)
Bromides (Br)
Soluble
Group 1 and NH4 compounds
Soluble
Acetates (C2H3O2)
8 terms
Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
C2H3O2-, NO3-
Cl-, Br-, I-
SO42-
Group IA and ammonium compounds are soluble.... *NO EXCEPTIONS*
Acetates and nitrates are soluble.... *NO EXCEPTIONS*
Most chlorides, bromides, and iodides are soluble.... EXCEPTION…
Most sulfates are soluble.... EXCEPTIONS:... CaSO4, SrSO4, BaSO4,…
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+
Group IA and ammonium compounds are soluble.... *NO EXCEPTIONS*
C2H3O2-, NO3-
Acetates and nitrates are soluble.... *NO EXCEPTIONS*
28 terms
Solubility Rules- Ionic compounds
Li⁺
Na⁺
K⁺
Rb⁺
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Li⁺
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
Na⁺
Alkali metal ions:... (Soluble ionic compound)
14 terms
Solubility Rules (Ionic Compounds)
Group 1 and Ammonium (NH4)
All Nitrates (NO3 -)
All Perchlorates (ClO4 -)
Acetates (CH3COO-)
soluble
soluble
soluble
soluble
Group 1 and Ammonium (NH4)
soluble
All Nitrates (NO3 -)
soluble
28 terms
Chemistry: Ionic Bonding and Ionic Compounds
Electrons in the highest occupied ener…
What determines the chemical propertie…
How many valence electrons are in grou…
How many valence electrons do the elem…
Valence electrons
valence electrons
4
8
Electrons in the highest occupied ener…
Valence electrons
What determines the chemical propertie…
valence electrons
24 terms
Chemistry: Ionic Bonding and Ionic Compounds
Electrons in the highest occupied ener…
What determines the chemical propertie…
How many valence electrons are in grou…
How many valence electrons do the elem…
Valence electrons
valence electrons
4
8
Electrons in the highest occupied ener…
Valence electrons
What determines the chemical propertie…
valence electrons
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