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Study sets matching "chemistry general science"

82 terms
General Science Praxis -- Chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Periods in the periodic table
Ionization energy
How do the chemical characteristics of…
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements in that…
Chemical periodicity
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods in the periodic table
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
12 terms
General Science Chemistry Terms
No chemical change... Keeps its own prope…
Groups of molecules that are mixed in…
The substance that is going to be diss…
The one thing doing the dissolving.
Mixture... Examples: ... Blood (plasma and red blood cells)... Trailm…
Solution... Example: ... Salt water ... Kook-aid
Solute... Example:... Sugar... Kool-aid powder... It is the smallest am…
Solvent... Examples:... Water... Ethanol... Nail Polish Remover (acetone…
No chemical change... Keeps its own prope…
Mixture... Examples: ... Blood (plasma and red blood cells)... Trailm…
Groups of molecules that are mixed in…
Solution... Example: ... Salt water ... Kook-aid
82 terms
General Science Praxis -- Chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Periods in the periodic table
Ionization energy
How do the chemical characteristics of…
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements in that…
Chemical periodicity
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods in the periodic table
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
82 terms
General Science Praxis -- Chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Periods in the periodic table
Ionization energy
How do the chemical characteristics of…
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements in that…
Chemical periodicity
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods in the periodic table
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
82 terms
General Science Praxis -- Chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Periods in the periodic table
Ionization energy
How do the chemical characteristics of…
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements in that…
Chemical periodicity
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods in the periodic table
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
50 terms
General Science: Chemistry
The study of matter and how it changes…
When a change occurs and the identity…
A(n) _____ is matter made up of only o…
A(n) ___ is a form of matter that is m…
Chemistry
chemical change
element
compound
The study of matter and how it changes…
Chemistry
When a change occurs and the identity…
chemical change
124 terms
PRAXIS General Science: (Physical Science and Chemistry)
Physical Science
Materials found on earth include:
Atom
Atomic number
-The first domain of science in which the tangible and materi…
elements, compounds, and mixtures
The basis of chemistry, and so small it cannot be divided.... -A…
-The same number as the number of protons found within the nu…
Physical Science
-The first domain of science in which the tangible and materi…
Materials found on earth include:
elements, compounds, and mixtures
15 terms
Valhalla General Science Chemistry Unit
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Isotopes
Exist in the nucleus. Make up atomic number. Positive. Almost…
Neutral. No charge. Similar size/mass as proton.
Negative. Much smaller than proton and neutron. Arrangement o…
Atoms with the same number of protons, diff. #'s of neutrons.…
Proton
Exist in the nucleus. Make up atomic number. Positive. Almost…
Neutron
Neutral. No charge. Similar size/mass as proton.
13 terms
ASVAB- General Science- Chemistry
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Matter
Has a definite shape and volume.
Has a definite volume, but no definite shape.
Has no definite shape or volume.
Is made up of Molecules.
Solid
Has a definite shape and volume.
Liquid
Has a definite volume, but no definite shape.
12 terms
General Science Chemistry Terms - Spanish Version
No chemical change - No químico cambio…
Groups of molecules that are mixed in…
The substance that is going to be diss…
The one thing doing the dissolving. -…
Mixture - mezcla ... Examples - por ejemplo... Blood (plasma and r…
Solution - solución ... Example: -por ejemplo... Salt water -agua…
Solute - la sustancia disoluta... Example:... Sugar... Kool-aid powde…
Solvent - el solvente... Examples:... Water - agua... Ethanol... Nail Po…
No chemical change - No químico cambio…
Mixture - mezcla ... Examples - por ejemplo... Blood (plasma and r…
Groups of molecules that are mixed in…
Solution - solución ... Example: -por ejemplo... Salt water -agua…
20 terms
General Science Ch3 Introduction to Chemistry
chemistry
matter
alchemist
philosopher's stone
The science of the properties, reaction, composition, and str…
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A practitioner of the Medieval science of alchemy, which aime…
A substance that could cause the transmutation of lead into g…
chemistry
The science of the properties, reaction, composition, and str…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
40 terms
General Science Chemistry
Ending of ide is
The ending ate
When an element shares its own electro…
Steps
The ending of the word of the anion.
Is when is when a two elements mix together and one is oxygen…
O2 = oxygen
1) recognise type of reaction... 2) write the word equation... 3) w…
Ending of ide is
The ending of the word of the anion.
The ending ate
Is when is when a two elements mix together and one is oxygen…
7 terms
General science chemistry
Acid
Types of battery acids
Potent based
Sublimination
Is positive hydrogen
Hydrocholric nutric sulful neg hydroxyl ions taste bitter
Sodiumchloride sodium hydrochloride sodium bicarbonate
Solid to gas
Acid
Is positive hydrogen
Types of battery acids
Hydrocholric nutric sulful neg hydroxyl ions taste bitter
153 terms
General Chemistry
Atomic Number vs mass number vs. atomi…
subatomic charges aka charge of an ele…
isotopes of hydrogen
avogadros number
atomic number-Z=protons... mass number- A=sum of protons and neu…
e= 1.6 x 10^-19... 1 electron weighs 1/2000 of a proton
-protium: 1 proton, atomic mass 1 amu... -deuterium: 1 proton, 1…
Na= 6.02 x 10^23
Atomic Number vs mass number vs. atomi…
atomic number-Z=protons... mass number- A=sum of protons and neu…
subatomic charges aka charge of an ele…
e= 1.6 x 10^-19... 1 electron weighs 1/2000 of a proton
43 terms
Science terms: General chemistry
molecule
Elements
Atom
Subatomic
The smallest unit of a compound
substances that cannot be broken down chemically into similar…
The smallest unit of an element that still has the chemical p…
Referring to small particles that make up atom including elec…
molecule
The smallest unit of a compound
Elements
substances that cannot be broken down chemically into similar…
30 terms
Chapter 1: Chemistry: The General Science
Chemistry
matter
scientific method
accuracy
the study of matter and the changes that matter undergoes
anything that has mass and occupies space
set of guidelines used by scientists to add their results to…
how close a measurement is to the true value
Chemistry
the study of matter and the changes that matter undergoes
matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
23 terms
Cos science- general chemistry
Chemistry
Organic chemistry
Inorganic chemistry
Matter
Study of matter and the changes it undergoes
The study of substances that contain the element carbon
The study of substances that do not contan the element carbon
Anything that has volume(occupies space) and mass
Chemistry
Study of matter and the changes it undergoes
Organic chemistry
The study of substances that contain the element carbon
10 terms
General Science/Chemistry
matter
element
atom
molecule
anything that takes up space and has mass
all matter is composed of a substance called ____
smallest piece of an element
chemical structure composed of more than one atom
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
all matter is composed of a substance called ____
16 terms
General Science Chemistry/Matter Unit
chemistry
matter
atom
compound
the scientific study of the composition, structure & properti…
anything that has mass and takes up space
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
a substance made of 2 or more different elements that are che…
chemistry
the scientific study of the composition, structure & properti…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
6 terms
General Science Chemistry Safety quiz
Always act in the lab
When adding ingredients
Only do experiences my teacher approve…
leave all equipment and chemicals alon…
Responsible and mature in the lab. DON'T PLAY AROUND OR BE SI…
Read all procedures thoroughly and follow instructions and di…
follow all instructions exactly!
instructed to use them
Always act in the lab
Responsible and mature in the lab. DON'T PLAY AROUND OR BE SI…
When adding ingredients
Read all procedures thoroughly and follow instructions and di…
12 terms
Science of Crime: General Principles of Chemistry
Matter
Physical Properties
Chemical Properties
3 Principle States of Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
can be measured without altering the chemical composition; ex…
features of a material that act as a basis for the chemical r…
solid, liquid, gas
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Physical Properties
can be measured without altering the chemical composition; ex…
423 terms
General Chemistry
Chemistry is the study of...
Matter is...
The states of matter are...
A phase change is...
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Solid, liquid, and gas
Going from one state of matter to another (ex: going from sol…
Chemistry is the study of...
Matter
Matter is...
Anything that has mass and takes up space
422 terms
General Chemistry
Chapter 1
Protons
Neutrons
Isotopes
Atomic Structure
(+) in charge... have a mass of approximately one atomic mass u…
(=) in charge ... mass number is indicated by sum of Neutrons a…
have same atomic number but different mass number (varied num…
Chapter 1
Atomic Structure
Protons
(+) in charge... have a mass of approximately one atomic mass u…
41 terms
General Chemistry
Principle Quantum Number
Azimuthal Quantum Number ... (Orbital Qua…
Magnetic Quantum Number
Spin Projection Quantum Number
(n) describes electron shell, or energy level, of an atom
(l) describes subshell ... l=0 --> s orbital... l=1 --> p orbital…
(m) orientation of subshell's shape ... if l = 2... m = -2, -1, 0,…
(s) spin of the electron... -1/2 = spin down... 1/2 = spin up
Principle Quantum Number
(n) describes electron shell, or energy level, of an atom
Azimuthal Quantum Number ... (Orbital Qua…
(l) describes subshell ... l=0 --> s orbital... l=1 --> p orbital…
52 terms
MCC Mortuary Science General Chemistry
Chemistry
Meter
Liter
Kilogram
The branch of natural science that is concerned with the desc…
The standard metric unit for length
Standard unit of volume in the metric system.
1000 grams
Chemistry
The branch of natural science that is concerned with the desc…
Meter
The standard metric unit for length
52 terms
MCC Mortuary Science General Chemistry
Chemistry
Meter
Liter
Kilogram
The branch of natural science that is concerned with the desc…
The standard metric unit for length
Standard unit of volume in the metric system.
1000 grams
Chemistry
The branch of natural science that is concerned with the desc…
Meter
The standard metric unit for length
56 terms
Science Assessment: General Chemistry and Organic Chemistry
Hund's Rules
Mass Number
Electron Affinity definition
Atomic radius trend
Electrons prefer to occupy degenerate orbitals and have paral…
Protons + Neutrons
Amount of energy RELEASED when a gaseous atom or ions gains a…
decreases left to right across a period
Hund's Rules
Electrons prefer to occupy degenerate orbitals and have paral…
Mass Number
Protons + Neutrons
69 terms
General Chemistry: General Definitions
Solving for the energy of a quanta
Oxidation is always at the ______ and…
Solving for angular momentum of an ele…
Solving for energy of an electron
-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…
Anode,Cathode
L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.…
E= - (Rh/n^2)... Rh=Rydberg unit of energy... 2.18 x 10^-18 J/elec…
Solving for the energy of a quanta
-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…
Oxidation is always at the ______ and…
Anode,Cathode
36 terms
General Science
density
mass
volume
water displacement
A measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume.
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A measure of the amount of space occupied by an object
a method used to determine the volume of an irregular solid
density
A measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume.
mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
39 terms
General Chemistry Review
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
24 terms
General chemistry, General chemistry
What are isotopes?
anion
cation
Bohr model
two atoms with different number of neutrons
each electron it gains, acquires a - 1 charge
each electron it losses, acquires a +1 charge
Distance from the nucleus of a atom is related to the energy…
What are isotopes?
two atoms with different number of neutrons
anion
each electron it gains, acquires a - 1 charge
48 terms
General Chemistry Review
Significant figures addition rule
Significant figures multiplication rule
Leading Zeros
Zeros in the middle
When adding two numbers together the final answer should cont…
When multiplying two numbers together, the final answer shoul…
Are never significant. (0.0084)
Always significant. (5087)
Significant figures addition rule
When adding two numbers together the final answer should cont…
Significant figures multiplication rule
When multiplying two numbers together, the final answer shoul…
16 terms
General Chemistry Terms
Matter
Physical property
Chemical property
Element
(n) anything that has mass and takes up space; matter can be…
(n) characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed W…
(n) A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its a…
(n) A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Matter
(n) anything that has mass and takes up space; matter can be…
Physical property
(n) characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed W…
22 terms
General Chemistry
Elements
Ions
Cations
Anions
Divided into metals and non-metals
When Atoms of an element lose or gain electrons
Positively charged ions -Na +
Negatively charged ions - Cl-
Elements
Divided into metals and non-metals
Ions
When Atoms of an element lose or gain electrons
116 terms
General Chemistry
Chemistry
macroscopic world
microscopic world
Scientific Method
the study of matter and the change it undergoes
contains what we can directly see, touch, or measure; "the Bi…
consists of small things that we must imagine or use sophisti…
1) Identifying a question, developing a hypothesis... 2) Perform…
Chemistry
the study of matter and the change it undergoes
macroscopic world
contains what we can directly see, touch, or measure; "the Bi…
437 terms
General Chemistry
Proton
Atomic Number (z)
Neutrons
Mass number (A)
•Found in nucleus... •Fundamental unit of charge... •mass = 1 amu
# of protons found in an atom of an element
•neutral (no charge)... •found in nucleus... •slightly larger than…
Sum of protons and neutrons in the nucleus
Proton
•Found in nucleus... •Fundamental unit of charge... •mass = 1 amu
Atomic Number (z)
# of protons found in an atom of an element
99 terms
General Chemistry
Electrolysis
Faraday's Law relating amount of eleme…
Galvanic or Voltaic cells
Concentration Cell
Using electricity to force a reaction to run in reverse... Neg E…
Current*seconds/Faraday's constant = n... n = mols of e- ... Use n…
At standard conditions, ΔE = ΔEo... ΔG = -nFEmax... F = faraday's c…
One reaction happens: the oxidation and reduction of same com…
Electrolysis
Using electricity to force a reaction to run in reverse... Neg E…
Faraday's Law relating amount of eleme…
Current*seconds/Faraday's constant = n... n = mols of e- ... Use n…
291 terms
PCAT Pearson General Chemistry
Chemistry
Atom
Nucleus
Electrons
the study of the nature and behavior of matter
basic building block of matter, representing the smallest uni…
protons and nucleus create this;
exists outside the nucleus in characteristic regions of space…
Chemistry
the study of the nature and behavior of matter
Atom
basic building block of matter, representing the smallest uni…
351 terms
General Chemistry
Describe the atomic differences betwee…
What is the octet rule? List three typ…
Which periodic trend determines whethe…
Why do ionic bonds tend to form betwee…
1. Ionic bonds form between ions and involve gain or loss of…
Octet rule=atoms tend to bond with other atoms so they have e…
Electronegativity of the atoms involved, increases up and to…
Because metals have high ionization energies (their likelihoo…
Describe the atomic differences betwee…
1. Ionic bonds form between ions and involve gain or loss of…
What is the octet rule? List three typ…
Octet rule=atoms tend to bond with other atoms so they have e…
61 terms
General Chemistry
Cavendish
Sir Humphrey Davy
Robert Bunsen, Gustav Kirchoff
Jons Jacob Berzelius
H
Na, K, Ca, Sr, Ba, B
Rb, Cs (using atomic spectroscopy)
Zr, Ta, Si, Se, Ce, Th
Cavendish
H
Sir Humphrey Davy
Na, K, Ca, Sr, Ba, B
36 terms
General Science
density
mass
volume
water displacement
A measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume.
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A measure of the amount of space occupied by an object
a method used to determine the volume of an irregular solid
density
A measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume.
mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
36 terms
RDRMS General Science 7th grade: Chemistry
What is an element
A atom is the ____.
Are carbon and hydrogen atoms similar?
All ___ of a given element are ___.
An element is the simplest form of matter.
1. smallest particle of an element that keeps the chemical id…
No, carbon atoms are different from hydrogen atoms, and hydro…
1. atoms... 2. similar
What is an element
An element is the simplest form of matter.
A atom is the ____.
1. smallest particle of an element that keeps the chemical id…
151 terms
General Chemistry
Ionic nomenclature
orbital
how do you name monatomic cations?
how do you name monatomic anions?
cation + anion
the volume of space centered on the nucleus that an electron…
simple give the element's name
an -ide ending to the stem of the element's name
Ionic nomenclature
cation + anion
orbital
the volume of space centered on the nucleus that an electron…
198 terms
General Chemistry
Charge of an Electron/Proton
Mass of an Electron
Size of an amu
atomic weight
1.6 x 10^-19 C
1/2000 of a proton
defined as exactly 1/12 the mass of a carbon-12 atom
weighted average of the different isotopes
Charge of an Electron/Proton
1.6 x 10^-19 C
Mass of an Electron
1/2000 of a proton
41 terms
General Chemistry
Principle Quantum Number
Azimuthal Quantum Number ... (Orbital Qua…
Magnetic Quantum Number
Spin Projection Quantum Number
(n) describes electron shell, or energy level, of an atom
(l) describes subshell ... l=0 --> s orbital... l=1 --> p orbital…
(m) orientation of subshell's shape ... if l = 2... m = -2, -1, 0,…
(s) spin of the electron... -1/2 = spin down... 1/2 = spin up
Principle Quantum Number
(n) describes electron shell, or energy level, of an atom
Azimuthal Quantum Number ... (Orbital Qua…
(l) describes subshell ... l=0 --> s orbital... l=1 --> p orbital…
96 terms
MTEL General Science (10)History, Philosophy, and Methodology of Science. Chemistry
Copernicus and Kepler
Issac Newton
Albert Einstein
Marie Curie and Ernest Rutherford
Scientist who developed the heliocentric theory of the solar…
Discovered the relationship between Mass, Force, and Accelera…
Discovered relativity and E=MC^2
Contributed to the understanding of radioactivity and nuclear…
Copernicus and Kepler
Scientist who developed the heliocentric theory of the solar…
Issac Newton
Discovered the relationship between Mass, Force, and Accelera…
132 terms
General Chemistry
Atomic weight
mole
Isotopes
Planck's quantum theory
The weighted average of the masses of the naturally occuring…
Is a unit used to count particles and is represented by Avoga…
For a given element, multiple species of atoms with the same…
Energy emitted as electromagnetic radiation from matter exist…
Atomic weight
The weighted average of the masses of the naturally occuring…
mole
Is a unit used to count particles and is represented by Avoga…
132 terms
General Chemistry
Atomic weight
mole
Isotopes
Planck's quantum theory
The weighted average of the masses of the naturally occuring…
Is a unit used to count particles and is represented by Avoga…
For a given element, multiple species of atoms with the same…
Energy emitted as electromagnetic radiation from matter exist…
Atomic weight
The weighted average of the masses of the naturally occuring…
mole
Is a unit used to count particles and is represented by Avoga…
44 terms
General Chemistry
Acids
Strong Acids... (Fully dissociate in H₂O)
Weak Acids
Simple rules for Solubility
A substance that produces H⁺ ions in solution
1. HCL... 2. HBr... 3. HI... 4. HNO₃... 5. HClO₄... 6. HCLO₂... 7. H₂SO₄
Partially dissociate in H₂O
...
Acids
A substance that produces H⁺ ions in solution
Strong Acids... (Fully dissociate in H₂O)
1. HCL... 2. HBr... 3. HI... 4. HNO₃... 5. HClO₄... 6. HCLO₂... 7. H₂SO₄
86 terms
General Chemistry
Endothermic
Exothermic
Enthalpy
Entropy
Delta H > 0; delta Q > 0... Absorption of heat
Delta H less than 0; delta Q < 0; release of heat
Total heat content of a system
Amount of disorder
Endothermic
Delta H > 0; delta Q > 0... Absorption of heat
Exothermic
Delta H less than 0; delta Q < 0; release of heat
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