Study sets matching "chemistry h chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "chemistry h chapter 6"

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H. Chemistry Chapter 6
Lanthanide Series
Actinide Series
Metals
Nonmetals
of the two rows below the general body of the periodic table…
the period below the Lanthanide period
- malleable, lustrous, ductile, good conductors of heat and e…
- gasses or brittle solids at room temperature (one liquid)... -…
Lanthanide Series
of the two rows below the general body of the periodic table…
Actinide Series
the period below the Lanthanide period
Chemistry H: Chapter 6
periodic law
metals
nonmetals
metalloids
when elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic, the…
good conductors of heat and electric current; often freshly c…
poor conductors of heat and electric current; gas at room tem…
generally have some properties that are similar to those of m…
periodic law
when elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic, the…
metals
good conductors of heat and electric current; often freshly c…
Chemistry H- Chapter 6
Lavoisier
John Newlands
John Newlands noticed when the element…
Every eighth element there seems to be…
In the 1700's, complied a list of all known elements of the t…
In 1864, proposed an arrangement where elelments were ordered…
Eighth
Octaves
Lavoisier
In the 1700's, complied a list of all known elements of the t…
John Newlands
In 1864, proposed an arrangement where elelments were ordered…
H. Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Valence Electrons
Chemical Bond
High potential energy
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
The electrons involved in the formation of a chemical bond
The electrostatic attraction between positively charged nucle…
As independent particles, most atoms are at relatively ___
Chemical Bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Valence Electrons
The electrons involved in the formation of a chemical bond
Chapter 6 Chemistry H
Periodic law
Metal
Nonmetal
Metalloid
When the elements are arranged of increasing atomic number, t…
One of a class of elements that are good conductors of electr…
An element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
An element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
Periodic law
When the elements are arranged of increasing atomic number, t…
Metal
One of a class of elements that are good conductors of electr…
Chemistry H Chapter 6
ionic compound
formula unit
Lattice energy
polyatomic ion
is composed of positive and negative ions that are combined s…
is the simplest collection of atoms from which an ionic compo…
is the energy released when one mole of an ionic crystalline…
A charged group of covalently bonded atoms. Polyatomic ions c…
ionic compound
is composed of positive and negative ions that are combined s…
formula unit
is the simplest collection of atoms from which an ionic compo…
H Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocab
periodic law
metals
nonmetals
metalloid
when the element are arranged in order of increasing atomic n…
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
an element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
an element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
periodic law
when the element are arranged in order of increasing atomic n…
metals
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
16 terms
H Chemistry Chapter 6
Center of density and lone pair #(skip)
2; 0
3; 0
3; 1
Hybridization, Shape, and bond angle
sp, linear, 180
sp2, trigonal planar, 120
sp2, bent, 120
Center of density and lone pair #(skip)
Hybridization, Shape, and bond angle
2; 0
sp, linear, 180
17 terms
Chapter 6 vocabulary chemistry H
Structural formula
Polyatomic ion
Percentage composition
Oxidation state
Indicates the location of the atoms group or ions relative to…
Ion made of two or more atoms
The percentage by mass of each element in a compound
The condition of an atom expressed by the number of electrons…
Structural formula
Indicates the location of the atoms group or ions relative to…
Polyatomic ion
Ion made of two or more atoms
Chemistry (H) Chapter 6
Light
Frequency
Wavelength
Directly Proportional
functions as both a wave and particle
(v) # of waves per time
distance from 1 pt on a wave to the same pt on the next wave
Energy and frequency are related by ________________
Light
functions as both a wave and particle
Frequency
(v) # of waves per time
75 terms
H Chemistry Chapter 6
who created the periodic table?
Periodic Law
valence electrons by periods change in
valence electrons by groups
Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869
properties of elements exist in a repeatable pattern by arran…
change in valence electrons and physical/chemical properties…
same number of valence electrons which means similar chemical…
who created the periodic table?
Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869
Periodic Law
properties of elements exist in a repeatable pattern by arran…
Chemistry H: Chapter 6
Answer: What did Lavoisier do?
Answer: What did John Newlands do?
Answer: Who discovered the 'Law of Oct…
Answer: What did Meyer & Mendeleev do?
He compiled a list of all the known elements of the time into…
He proposed an arrangement where elements were ordered by inc…
John Newlands; when the elements were arranged by increasing…
demonstrated a connection between atomic mass and elemental p…
Answer: What did Lavoisier do?
He compiled a list of all the known elements of the time into…
Answer: What did John Newlands do?
He proposed an arrangement where elements were ordered by inc…
36 terms
H. Chemistry Test Chapter 6
Table by John Newlands and is based on…
According to the Law of octaves the pr…
Element 2 and element _____ have simil…
The law of octaves did not work for al…
Law of Octaves
eight
nine
accepted
Table by John Newlands and is based on…
Law of Octaves
According to the Law of octaves the pr…
eight
H Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocab
periodic law
metal
metalloid
nonmetals
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
an element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
an element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
periodic law
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
metal
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
Chemistry 231 H Chapter 6
Ideal Gas Equation
Simple Gas Law
STP Values
Determining Molar Mass
PV=nRT... n=PV/RT... R=PV/nT... T=PV/nR
PiVi/Tini = PfVf/Tfnf
T=273K ... V=22.414 L/mol... P=1atm... R=0.08206 Latm/molK
PV=mRT/M
Ideal Gas Equation
PV=nRT... n=PV/RT... R=PV/nT... T=PV/nR
Simple Gas Law
PiVi/Tini = PfVf/Tfnf
Chemistry Chapter 6
Antoine Lavoisier
John Newlands
Meyer
Mendeleev
a French scientist who compiled a list of all elements known…
an English chemist, proposed a way to organize the elements,…
German chemist, demonstrated the connection between atomic ma…
Russian chemist who published before Meyer and was given more…
Antoine Lavoisier
a French scientist who compiled a list of all elements known…
John Newlands
an English chemist, proposed a way to organize the elements,…
14 terms
Chapter 6 Functions (H)
input
output
relation
mapping diagram
is the known variable
is the solution
pairs inputs with outputs
input
is the known variable
output
is the solution
132 terms
Chemistry (H) Vocab (Chapter 6-11, 16)
chemical bond
ionic bonding
covalent bonding
Nonpolar-covalent bond
a mutual attraction between the nuclei and valence electrons…
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
results from the sharing of electron pairs between two atoms
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
chemical bond
a mutual attraction between the nuclei and valence electrons…
ionic bonding
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Chemistry (H) Final: Chapter 6
Chemical bond
Ionic bonding
Covalent bonding
Non-polar covalent bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
The sharing of electrons pairs between two atoms
A covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
Chemical bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Ionic bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
33 terms
Chemistry (H), Feebeck, Chapter 6 Book Notes
periodic law
metal
nonmetal
metalloid
when elements are arranged in order of increasing atmoic numb…
good conductors of heat and electric current... ductile, malleab…
poor conductors of heat and electric current... properties oppos…
has properties of metals and nonmetals
periodic law
when elements are arranged in order of increasing atmoic numb…
metal
good conductors of heat and electric current... ductile, malleab…
21 terms
H chem chapter 6
Mendeleev
Moseley
Period
Groups
Organized the table by increasing mass... Also predicted elem…
Found each elements atomic number so each element would fit p…
horizontal rows
Vertical families, related chemically
Mendeleev
Organized the table by increasing mass... Also predicted elem…
Moseley
Found each elements atomic number so each element would fit p…
13 terms
Chapter 6 - Functions (H)
Function
Function Rule
Input
Output
A relation that pairs each input with exactly one output.
An equation that describes the relationship between inputs (i…
The number that is associated with an output (the independent…
Te number that is associated with the input (the dependent va…
Function
A relation that pairs each input with exactly one output.
Function Rule
An equation that describes the relationship between inputs (i…
47 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Metallic Bonding
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Sharing of electron pairs between two atoms. Below 1.7... (The t…
Attraction between metal atoms and the surrounding sea of ele…
Chemical Bond
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Ionic Bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Metallic Bonding
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Sharing of electron pairs between two atoms. Below 1.7... (The t…
Attraction between metal atoms and the surrounding sea of ele…
Chemical Bond
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Ionic Bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
59 terms
H. Chemistry Chp 6
John Newlands
Meyer
Mendeleev
Moseley
Elements ordered by increasing atomic mass. Properties repeat…
Connection between atomic mass and elemental properties. Arra…
Connection between atomic mass and elemental properties. Arra…
Rearranged by increasing atomic number, clear periodic patter…
John Newlands
Elements ordered by increasing atomic mass. Properties repeat…
Meyer
Connection between atomic mass and elemental properties. Arra…
40 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 Terms
Atoms naturally ___ stability
Atoms naturally ___ energy
An atom's ability to gain or lose elec…
Needing 8 valence electrons in the out…
maximize
minimize
chemical reactivity
octet rule
Atoms naturally ___ stability
maximize
Atoms naturally ___ energy
minimize
47 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Metallic Bonding
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Sharing of electron pairs between two atoms. Below 1.7... (The t…
Attraction between metal atoms and the surrounding sea of ele…
Chemical Bond
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Ionic Bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
59 terms
H Chem Chapter 6 review
Chemical Bond
Chemical bonds are known as
Types of chemical bonding
Covalent bonding
a mutual electrical attraction between nuclei and valence ele…
intramolecular forces
Covalent bonding... Ionic bonding ... Metallic bonding
sharing electrons- 2 nonmetals
Chemical Bond
a mutual electrical attraction between nuclei and valence ele…
Chemical bonds are known as
intramolecular forces
15 terms
H&T Chapter 6
Destination
Destination Marketing
Seasonality
Resort
The final stop of a journey, or the goal for travelers
The process of developing, promoting, and distributing specif…
The concept that certain destinations appeal to travelers at…
A destination that provides entertainment, recreation, leisur…
Destination
The final stop of a journey, or the goal for travelers
Destination Marketing
The process of developing, promoting, and distributing specif…
41 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 review
electronegativity
properties of elements
increasing atomic mass
increasing atomic number
the ability of an atom to attract electrons when the atom is…
How did chemists begin to organize the known elements?
How did mendeleev organize his periodic table?
How is the modern periodic table organized?
electronegativity
the ability of an atom to attract electrons when the atom is…
properties of elements
How did chemists begin to organize the known elements?
39 terms
Chemistry H Chapter 6 The Periodic Table
The developer of the atomic number.
Good Conductors of heat and electric c…
Poor conductors of heat and electric c…
Generally has properties that are simi…
Henry (G.J.) Moseley
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloid
The developer of the atomic number.
Henry (G.J.) Moseley
Good Conductors of heat and electric c…
Metals
17 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry Vocabulary
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Anion (Ch. 6; P. 172)
Atomic radius (Ch. 6; P. 170)
Group 1A elements
Group 2A elements
An ion with a negative charge
One half of the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of t…
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 1A elements
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 2A elements
Chemistry Chapter 6
Periodic law
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloid
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Elements that are generally good conductors, generally solid…
Elements that are poor conductors of heat and tend to be brit…
Elements that have characteristics of both metals and non-met…
Periodic law
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Metals
Elements that are generally good conductors, generally solid…
40 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 6 "Chemical Bonding"
chemical bond
covalent bonding
ionic bonding
nonpolar-covalent bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
a chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
the chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
chemical bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
covalent bonding
a chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
20 terms
H Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocab quiz
energy
work
law of conservation of energy
kinetic energy
the capacity to do work
the result of a force acting on a distance
energy is neither created nor destroyed
energy due to movement; associated with its motion
energy
the capacity to do work
work
the result of a force acting on a distance
Chemistry: Ch 5 + Chapter 6
Periodic Law
Periodic table
Lanthanides
Actinides
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Arrangement of the elements in order of their increasing atom…
The 14 elements with atomic numbers 58-71. The top row of the…
The 14 elements with atomic numbers 90-103. The bottom row of…
Periodic Law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their increasing atom…
8 terms
Chem H Chapter 6 Vocab
Chemical Reaction
Chemical Equation
Reactants
products
When two or more atoms interact causing a new molecular forma…
Written expression of a chemical reaction
atoms/molecules that start a reaction
atoms/molecules at the end of a reaction
Chemical Reaction
When two or more atoms interact causing a new molecular forma…
Chemical Equation
Written expression of a chemical reaction
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Periodic law
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloid
The law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
Elements that are good conductors of heat and electric current.
Elements that are poor conductors of heat and electric current.
Elements that may accept or donate electrons readily and poss…
Periodic law
The law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
Metals
Elements that are good conductors of heat and electric current.
Chemistry of Nutrition-Chapter 6
Protein
Amino Acid
How amino acids bond together and how…
Protein's structure, shape and denatur…
-Proteins are made up of polypeptides ... -Made up of a chain of…
-Amino acids make up all proteins; they are comprised of carb…
-Amino acids are linked together by covalent chemical bonds,…
-Proteins structure and shape: order of amino acids determine…
Protein
-Proteins are made up of polypeptides ... -Made up of a chain of…
Amino Acid
-Amino acids make up all proteins; they are comprised of carb…
Chapter 6 The Chemistry of Life
organism
isomer
polymer
carbohydrate
An individual living thing.
Compounds with the same simple formula but diff. 3- dimension…
A large molecule formed when many smaller molecule bonds toge…
Biomolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen with a ra…
organism
An individual living thing.
isomer
Compounds with the same simple formula but diff. 3- dimension…
18 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocabulary +
periodic law
metal
nonmetal
metalloid
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
an element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
an element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
periodic law
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
metal
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
29 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry of Life
acid
atom
base
compound
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Basic unit of matter
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
atom
Basic unit of matter
18 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 6
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
solution
solvent
10 terms
H. Chem Chapter 6 Vocab.
Metals
Nonmetal
Metalloid
Alkali Metals
One of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
An element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
An element that tends to have properties of that are similar…
Metals in group 1A of the periodic table
Metals
One of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
Nonmetal
An element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
40 terms
Chemistry-- Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bonding
Nonpolar Covalent Bond
A mutual electric attraction between a nucleus and valence el…
A chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
The chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
A covalent bond resulting from electrical are shared equally…
Chemical Bond
A mutual electric attraction between a nucleus and valence el…
Covalent Bond
A chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
13 terms
Chapter 6 Section 1 Study Guide H. Chemistry
A chemical bond between atoms results…
A covalent bond consists of __.
If two covalently bonded atoms are ide…
A covalent bond in which there is an u…
nuclei
shared electron pair.
nonpolar covalent
polar covalent
A chemical bond between atoms results…
nuclei
A covalent bond consists of __.
shared electron pair.
5 terms
W.H.Chapter 6.1
subcontinent
river system
monsoon
granary
a large landmass that is set apart fro the rest of the contin…
main river and all of the other rivers and streams that drain…
seasonal winds
special building used to hold grain.
subcontinent
a large landmass that is set apart fro the rest of the contin…
river system
main river and all of the other rivers and streams that drain…
Chapter 6 Chemistry Vocabulary
Alkali Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals
Anion
Atomic Radius
Group 1A elements.
Group 2A elements.
An ion with a negative charge.
One half of the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of t…
Alkali Metals
Group 1A elements.
Alkaline Earth Metals
Group 2A elements.
Chapter 6 Chemistry Vocabulary
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Anion (Ch. 6; P. 172)
Atomic radius (Ch. 6; P. 170)
Group 1A elements
Group 2A elements
An ion with a negative charge
One half of the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of t…
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 1A elements
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 2A elements
36 terms
chemistry chapter 6 terms
E
H
delta H
T
internal energy
enthalpy
equals delta E+delta (PV)
temperature
E
internal energy
H
enthalpy
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