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Study sets matching "chemistry h chapter 6"

44 terms
H. Chemistry Chapter 6
Lanthanide Series
Actinide Series
Metals
Nonmetals
of the two rows below the general body of the periodic table…
the period below the Lanthanide period
- malleable, lustrous, ductile, good conductors of heat and e…
- gasses or brittle solids at room temperature (one liquid)... -…
Lanthanide Series
of the two rows below the general body of the periodic table…
Actinide Series
the period below the Lanthanide period
14 terms
Chemistry H: Chapter 6
periodic law
metals
nonmetals
metalloids
when elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic, the…
good conductors of heat and electric current; often freshly c…
poor conductors of heat and electric current; gas at room tem…
generally have some properties that are similar to those of m…
periodic law
when elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic, the…
metals
good conductors of heat and electric current; often freshly c…
68 terms
Chemistry H- Chapter 6
Lavoisier
John Newlands
John Newlands noticed when the element…
Every eighth element there seems to be…
In the 1700's, complied a list of all known elements of the t…
In 1864, proposed an arrangement where elelments were ordered…
Eighth
Octaves
Lavoisier
In the 1700's, complied a list of all known elements of the t…
John Newlands
In 1864, proposed an arrangement where elelments were ordered…
89 terms
H. Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Valence Electrons
Chemical Bond
High potential energy
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
The electrons involved in the formation of a chemical bond
The electrostatic attraction between positively charged nucle…
As independent particles, most atoms are at relatively ___
Chemical Bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Valence Electrons
The electrons involved in the formation of a chemical bond
16 terms
H Chemistry Chapter 6
Center of density and lone pair #(skip)
2; 0
3; 0
3; 1
Hybridization, Shape, and bond angle
sp, linear, 180
sp2, trigonal planar, 120
sp2, bent, 120
Center of density and lone pair #(skip)
Hybridization, Shape, and bond angle
2; 0
sp, linear, 180
17 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry H
Periodic law
Metal
Nonmetal
Metalloid
When the elements are arranged of increasing atomic number, t…
One of a class of elements that are good conductors of electr…
An element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
An element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
Periodic law
When the elements are arranged of increasing atomic number, t…
Metal
One of a class of elements that are good conductors of electr…
75 terms
H Chemistry Chapter 6
who created the periodic table?
Periodic Law
valence electrons by periods change in
valence electrons by groups
Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869
properties of elements exist in a repeatable pattern by arran…
change in valence electrons and physical/chemical properties…
same number of valence electrons which means similar chemical…
who created the periodic table?
Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869
Periodic Law
properties of elements exist in a repeatable pattern by arran…
13 terms
Chemistry H Chapter 6
ionic compound
formula unit
Lattice energy
polyatomic ion
is composed of positive and negative ions that are combined s…
is the simplest collection of atoms from which an ionic compo…
is the energy released when one mole of an ionic crystalline…
A charged group of covalently bonded atoms. Polyatomic ions c…
ionic compound
is composed of positive and negative ions that are combined s…
formula unit
is the simplest collection of atoms from which an ionic compo…
17 terms
H Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocab
periodic law
metals
nonmetals
metalloid
when the element are arranged in order of increasing atomic n…
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
an element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
an element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
periodic law
when the element are arranged in order of increasing atomic n…
metals
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
18 terms
H Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocab
periodic law
metal
metalloid
nonmetals
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
an element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
an element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
periodic law
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
metal
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
17 terms
Chapter 6 vocabulary chemistry H
Structural formula
Polyatomic ion
Percentage composition
Oxidation state
Indicates the location of the atoms group or ions relative to…
Ion made of two or more atoms
The percentage by mass of each element in a compound
The condition of an atom expressed by the number of electrons…
Structural formula
Indicates the location of the atoms group or ions relative to…
Polyatomic ion
Ion made of two or more atoms
13 terms
Chemistry 231 H Chapter 6
Ideal Gas Equation
Simple Gas Law
STP Values
Determining Molar Mass
PV=nRT... n=PV/RT... R=PV/nT... T=PV/nR
PiVi/Tini = PfVf/Tfnf
T=273K ... V=22.414 L/mol... P=1atm... R=0.08206 Latm/molK
PV=mRT/M
Ideal Gas Equation
PV=nRT... n=PV/RT... R=PV/nT... T=PV/nR
Simple Gas Law
PiVi/Tini = PfVf/Tfnf
36 terms
H. Chemistry Test Chapter 6
Table by John Newlands and is based on…
According to the Law of octaves the pr…
Element 2 and element _____ have simil…
The law of octaves did not work for al…
Law of Octaves
eight
nine
accepted
Table by John Newlands and is based on…
Law of Octaves
According to the Law of octaves the pr…
eight
26 terms
Chemistry H Chapter 6 test
as independent particles, most atoms are
if the atoms that share electrons have…
what are shared in a covalent bond
most chemical bonds are
at relatively high potential energy
polar
electrons
partly ionic and partly covalent
as independent particles, most atoms are
at relatively high potential energy
if the atoms that share electrons have…
polar
47 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Metallic Bonding
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Sharing of electron pairs between two atoms. Below 1.7... (The t…
Attraction between metal atoms and the surrounding sea of ele…
Chemical Bond
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Ionic Bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Chemistry Chapter 6
Antoine Lavoisier
John Newlands
Meyer
Mendeleev
a French scientist who compiled a list of all elements known…
an English chemist, proposed a way to organize the elements,…
German chemist, demonstrated the connection between atomic ma…
Russian chemist who published before Meyer and was given more…
Antoine Lavoisier
a French scientist who compiled a list of all elements known…
John Newlands
an English chemist, proposed a way to organize the elements,…
26 terms
Chemistry (H) Final: Chapter 6
Chemical bond
Ionic bonding
Covalent bonding
Non-polar covalent bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
The sharing of electrons pairs between two atoms
A covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
Chemical bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Ionic bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
7 terms
Chapter 6 - Vocabulary List H
bridge
postbox
railway station
roundabout
brug
brievenbus
station
rotonde
bridge
brug
postbox
brievenbus
40 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 Terms
Atoms naturally ___ stability
Atoms naturally ___ energy
An atom's ability to gain or lose elec…
Needing 8 valence electrons in the out…
maximize
minimize
chemical reactivity
octet rule
Atoms naturally ___ stability
maximize
Atoms naturally ___ energy
minimize
132 terms
Chemistry (H) Vocab (Chapter 6-11, 16)
chemical bond
ionic bonding
covalent bonding
Nonpolar-covalent bond
a mutual attraction between the nuclei and valence electrons…
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
results from the sharing of electron pairs between two atoms
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
chemical bond
a mutual attraction between the nuclei and valence electrons…
ionic bonding
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
27 terms
CCS Chemistry Chapter 6
chemical thermodynamics
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
the area of chemistry that deals with chemical reactions and…
the ability to do work
energy associated with motion
energy associated with the position of an object relative to…
chemical thermodynamics
the area of chemistry that deals with chemical reactions and…
energy
the ability to do work
47 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Metallic Bonding
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Sharing of electron pairs between two atoms. Below 1.7... (The t…
Attraction between metal atoms and the surrounding sea of ele…
Chemical Bond
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Ionic Bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
33 terms
Chemistry (H), Feebeck, Chapter 6 Book Notes
periodic law
metal
nonmetal
metalloid
when elements are arranged in order of increasing atmoic numb…
good conductors of heat and electric current... ductile, malleab…
poor conductors of heat and electric current... properties oppos…
has properties of metals and nonmetals
periodic law
when elements are arranged in order of increasing atmoic numb…
metal
good conductors of heat and electric current... ductile, malleab…
Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Metallic Bonding
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Sharing of electron pairs between two atoms. Below 1.7... (The t…
Attraction between metal atoms and the surrounding sea of ele…
Chemical Bond
Forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Ionic Bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
59 terms
H Chem Chapter 6 review
Chemical Bond
Chemical bonds are known as
Types of chemical bonding
Covalent bonding
a mutual electrical attraction between nuclei and valence ele…
intramolecular forces
Covalent bonding... Ionic bonding ... Metallic bonding
sharing electrons- 2 nonmetals
Chemical Bond
a mutual electrical attraction between nuclei and valence ele…
Chemical bonds are known as
intramolecular forces
48 terms
Chemistry: Ch 5 + Chapter 6
Periodic Law
Periodic table
Lanthanides
Actinides
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Arrangement of the elements in order of their increasing atom…
The 14 elements with atomic numbers 58-71. The top row of the…
The 14 elements with atomic numbers 90-103. The bottom row of…
Periodic Law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their increasing atom…
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Periodic law
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloid
The law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
Elements that are good conductors of heat and electric current.
Elements that are poor conductors of heat and electric current.
Elements that may accept or donate electrons readily and poss…
Periodic law
The law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
Metals
Elements that are good conductors of heat and electric current.
10 terms
Chemistry H Chapter 6 Set 1
The electrons involved in the formatio…
The electrostatic attraction between p…
As independent particles, atoms are
Atoms are ____ when they are combined.
valence electrons
chemical bond
at relatively high potential energy
more stable
The electrons involved in the formatio…
valence electrons
The electrostatic attraction between p…
chemical bond
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6
Periodic law
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloid
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Elements that are generally good conductors, generally solid…
Elements that are poor conductors of heat and tend to be brit…
Elements that have characteristics of both metals and non-met…
Periodic law
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Metals
Elements that are generally good conductors, generally solid…
21 terms
H chem chapter 6
Mendeleev
Moseley
Period
Groups
Organized the table by increasing mass... Also predicted elem…
Found each elements atomic number so each element would fit p…
horizontal rows
Vertical families, related chemically
Mendeleev
Organized the table by increasing mass... Also predicted elem…
Moseley
Found each elements atomic number so each element would fit p…
39 terms
Chemistry H Chapter 6 The Periodic Table
The developer of the atomic number.
Good Conductors of heat and electric c…
Poor conductors of heat and electric c…
Generally has properties that are simi…
Henry (G.J.) Moseley
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloid
The developer of the atomic number.
Henry (G.J.) Moseley
Good Conductors of heat and electric c…
Metals
15 terms
H&T Chapter 6
Destination
Destination Marketing
Seasonality
Resort
The final stop of a journey, or the goal for travelers
The process of developing, promoting, and distributing specif…
The concept that certain destinations appeal to travelers at…
A destination that provides entertainment, recreation, leisur…
Destination
The final stop of a journey, or the goal for travelers
Destination Marketing
The process of developing, promoting, and distributing specif…
18 terms
Pearson Interactive Science Introduction to Chemistry Chapter 6
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
solution
solvent
17 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry Vocabulary
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Anion (Ch. 6; P. 172)
Atomic radius (Ch. 6; P. 170)
Group 1A elements
Group 2A elements
An ion with a negative charge
One half of the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of t…
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 1A elements
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 2A elements
22 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry Vocabulary
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Anion (Ch. 6; P. 172)
Atomic radius (Ch. 6; P. 170)
Group 1A elements
Group 2A elements
An ion with a negative charge
One half of the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of t…
Alkali metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 1A elements
Alkaline earth metals (Ch. 6; P. 161)
Group 2A elements
12 terms
Chemistry of Nutrition-Chapter 6
Protein
Amino Acid
How amino acids bond together and how…
Protein's structure, shape and denatur…
-Proteins are made up of polypeptides ... -Made up of a chain of…
-Amino acids make up all proteins; they are comprised of carb…
-Amino acids are linked together by covalent chemical bonds,…
-Proteins structure and shape: order of amino acids determine…
Protein
-Proteins are made up of polypeptides ... -Made up of a chain of…
Amino Acid
-Amino acids make up all proteins; they are comprised of carb…
38 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 review
electronegativity
properties of elements
increasing atomic mass
increasing atomic number
the ability of an atom to attract electrons when the atom is…
How did chemists begin to organize the known elements?
How did mendeleev organize his periodic table?
How is the modern periodic table organized?
electronegativity
the ability of an atom to attract electrons when the atom is…
properties of elements
How did chemists begin to organize the known elements?
21 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocabulary +
periodic law
metal
nonmetal
metalloid
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
an element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
an element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
periodic law
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
metal
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
40 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 6: Chemical Bonding
chemical bond
covalent bonding
ionic bonding
nonpolar-covalent bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
a chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
the chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
chemical bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
covalent bonding
a chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
29 terms
Chapter 6 chemistry of Life
acid
atom
base
compound
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Basic unit of matter
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
atom
Basic unit of matter
20 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry Prince
periodic law
Group
period
representative elements
periodic law states that when the elements are arranged by in…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table arranged…
a horizontal row of elements in the modern periodic table
elements from groups 1, 2, and 13-18 in the modern periodic t…
periodic law
periodic law states that when the elements are arranged by in…
Group
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table arranged…
26 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry vocab
Physical change
Chemical change
Conversion formula for F and C tempera…
Phase change
A change which does not alter the chemical compound fo a subs…
A change that alters the chemical composition of a substance
F = 9/5 x C + 32
a physical change in a compound - solid, liquid, gas, plasma
Physical change
A change which does not alter the chemical compound fo a subs…
Chemical change
A change that alters the chemical composition of a substance
20 terms
Chem H Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Actinide Series
Alkali Metal
Alkaline Earth Metal
Group
a series of heavy radioactive metallic elements of increasing…
any of the elements lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, ces…
any of the elements beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium,…
boxes are arranged in order of increasing atomic number into…
Actinide Series
a series of heavy radioactive metallic elements of increasing…
Alkali Metal
any of the elements lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, ces…
17 terms
Chapter 6 Chemistry Vocabulary
Alkali Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals
Anion
Atomic Radius
Group 1A elements.
Group 2A elements.
An ion with a negative charge.
One half of the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of t…
Alkali Metals
Group 1A elements.
Alkaline Earth Metals
Group 2A elements.
19 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6
actinide series
alkali metal
alkaline earth metal
group
elements in the second row of the f-block of periodic table;…
group 1 metals of the periodic table that are very highly rea…
group 2 metals of the periodic table that are highly reactive
a column in the periodic table in which the elements share si…
actinide series
elements in the second row of the f-block of periodic table;…
alkali metal
group 1 metals of the periodic table that are very highly rea…
20 terms
H Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocab quiz
energy
work
law of conservation of energy
kinetic energy
the capacity to do work
the result of a force acting on a distance
energy is neither created nor destroyed
energy due to movement; associated with its motion
energy
the capacity to do work
work
the result of a force acting on a distance
45 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 & 7
double covalent bond
structural formula
single covalent bond
polar bond
a covalent bond between in which two electrons are shared
a depictions of the arrangement of atoms in the molecules and…
a covalent bond which only one pair of electrons is shared
a covalent bond between two stoma of significantly different…
double covalent bond
a covalent bond between in which two electrons are shared
structural formula
a depictions of the arrangement of atoms in the molecules and…
40 terms
Chemistry-- Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bonding
Nonpolar Covalent Bond
A mutual electric attraction between a nucleus and valence el…
A chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
The chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
A covalent bond resulting from electrical are shared equally…
Chemical Bond
A mutual electric attraction between a nucleus and valence el…
Covalent Bond
A chemical bond resulting from the sharing of an electron pai…
59 terms
H. Chemistry Chp 6
John Newlands
Meyer
Mendeleev
Moseley
Elements ordered by increasing atomic mass. Properties repeat…
Connection between atomic mass and elemental properties. Arra…
Connection between atomic mass and elemental properties. Arra…
Rearranged by increasing atomic number, clear periodic patter…
John Newlands
Elements ordered by increasing atomic mass. Properties repeat…
Meyer
Connection between atomic mass and elemental properties. Arra…
30 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 6
Periodic law
Metals
Nonmetal
Metalloid
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Good conductors of heat and electric current
Usually is gas at room temperature except Mercury (Hg)
Have properties that are similar to those of metals and nonme…
Periodic law
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Metals
Good conductors of heat and electric current
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