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Study sets matching "chemistry h chapter 7"

33 terms
H. Chemistry Chapter 7
3
-ide
Valence electrons
pseudo noble gas configuration
Cations rarely have a charge of more than
nonmetallic anion elements end with the suffix
Electrons on the outermost energy level of an atom
one in which there is not only an "octet" in the valence shel…
3
Cations rarely have a charge of more than
-ide
nonmetallic anion elements end with the suffix
48 terms
Chemistry H- Chapter 7
When an external force is applied, met…
Chemical Bond
Chemical bonds form by the attraction…
Atoms try to form the ___________ by g…
Deformed
Force that holds two atoms together
Positive Nucleus of one atom and the negative electrons of an…
Octet
When an external force is applied, met…
Deformed
Chemical Bond
Force that holds two atoms together
41 terms
Chemistry H- Chapter 7
Linear
Trigonal Planar
Bent
Trigonal pyramidal
-AB or AB₂ ... -180˚... -o lone pairs of é... -sp
-AB₃... -120˚... -0 lone pairs... -sp²
-AB₂E₂... -105˚... -1 lone pairs
-AB₃E... -107˚... -1 lone pairs
Linear
-AB or AB₂ ... -180˚... -o lone pairs of é... -sp
Trigonal Planar
-AB₃... -120˚... -0 lone pairs... -sp²
12 terms
Chapter 7 H Chemistry
CO
N2O5
Nitrogen trioxide
Xenon hexafluoride
What is the formula for carbon monoxide?
What is the formula for dinitrogen pentoxide?
What is the formula for NO3?
What is the formula for XeF6?
CO
What is the formula for carbon monoxide?
N2O5
What is the formula for dinitrogen pentoxide?
59 terms
H. Chemistry Chapter 7
Solute
Solvent
____, ____, and ____ affect the dissol…
Solutions
What is being dissolved. Ex- carbon dioxide
What is doing the dissolving. Ex- water
Temperature, pressure, and surface tension
Homogenous mixtures... Do not scatter light
Solute
What is being dissolved. Ex- carbon dioxide
Solvent
What is doing the dissolving. Ex- water
11 terms
H Chemistry Chapter 7 Vocab
valence electrons
electron dot structures
octet rule
halide ions
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
atoms react by gaining or losing electrons so as to acquire a…
a negative ion formed when a halogen atom gains an electron
valence electrons
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
electron dot structures
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
23 terms
H. Chemistry Chapter 7
Oxidation number for uncombined elemen…
Oxidation number for Mono-atomic Ions
Oxidation number for cations in groups…
Fluorine oxidation number
0
Ion charge
whatever group number is (i.e. IA= +1, IIA= +2, IIIA= +3)
-1
Oxidation number for uncombined elemen…
0
Oxidation number for Mono-atomic Ions
Ion charge
23 terms
(H)Chemistry Chapter 7
since ions are in a ______________ of…
subscripts
superscripts
monatomic ions, adding cations and ani…
crystalline lattice
show the amount of items
show the charge
made up of one ion, add cations to elements symbol, add anion…
since ions are in a ______________ of…
crystalline lattice
subscripts
show the amount of items
18 terms
Chemistry 321 H Chapter 7
Thermochemistry
Thermal Energy
Energy
Chemical Energy
The making or breaking of chemical and physical bonds.
Kinetic energy associated with random molecular motion.
The ability to do work
Energy associated with chemical bonds and intermolecular inte…
Thermochemistry
The making or breaking of chemical and physical bonds.
Thermal Energy
Kinetic energy associated with random molecular motion.
37 terms
Chemistry H: Chapter 7- Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
solution
solute
solvent
aqueous solutions
homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
is (are) the substance(s) present in the smaller amount(s)
substance present in the larger amount
solutions that have water as the solvent
solution
homogeneous mixture of 2 or more substances
solute
is (are) the substance(s) present in the smaller amount(s)
32 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 7
monatomic ion
binary compounds
nomenclature
oxyanions
an ion formed from a single atom. (remember to change nonmeta…
compounds composed of two different elements; (compounds of 2…
naming system
polyatomic ions that contain oxygen
monatomic ion
an ion formed from a single atom. (remember to change nonmeta…
binary compounds
compounds composed of two different elements; (compounds of 2…
Chemistry Chapter 7: Moles
Avogadro's number
mole
molar mass
average atomic mass
6.022 x 10^23... (the number of atoms/molecules in 1 mol)
the unit used to measure the amount of a substance whose # of…
the mass of 1 mole of any substance (written in grams)
the average of the masses of all naturally occurring isotopes…
Avogadro's number
6.022 x 10^23... (the number of atoms/molecules in 1 mol)
mole
the unit used to measure the amount of a substance whose # of…
11 terms
Chemistry (H) Final: Chapter 7
Hydrocarbons
Monatomic ions
Binary compounds
Nomenclature
Molecular compounds composed solely of carbon and hydrogen
Ions formed from a single atom
Compounds composed of two elements
The naming system
Hydrocarbons
Molecular compounds composed solely of carbon and hydrogen
Monatomic ions
Ions formed from a single atom
36 terms
H. Chemistry Chapter 7: Ionic Bonds
Group 1A:
Group 2A:
Group 3A:
Group 4A:
+1
+2
+3
+-4
Group 1A:
+1
Group 2A:
+2
64 terms
H Chem [Chapter 7]
True or False?... Electrons orbit the nuc…
What are orbitals?
Fill in the blank:... It is impossible to…
What are the four shapes of orbitals?
False (orbitals)
A region in space where there is a high probability of findin…
Momentum; Position
S, P, D, F
True or False?... Electrons orbit the nuc…
False (orbitals)
What are orbitals?
A region in space where there is a high probability of findin…
33 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7
tetrahedral
Bond angle for tetrahedral
Sp3 orbital hybridization
trigonal planar
tetrahedral
Bond angle for tetrahedral
24 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 7
the attraction between the positive io…
Surrounding delocalized electrons form…
able to be strung into wire
able to bend and be pounded into diffe…
metallic bond
sea (of electrons)
ductile
malleable
the attraction between the positive io…
metallic bond
Surrounding delocalized electrons form…
sea (of electrons)
24 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 7
the attraction between the positive io…
Surrounding delocalized electrons form…
able to be strung into wire
able to bend and be pounded into diffe…
metallic bond
sea (of electrons)
ductile
malleable
the attraction between the positive io…
metallic bond
Surrounding delocalized electrons form…
sea (of electrons)
19 terms
H&T Chapter 7
Amateur sports
Professional sports
International sports
Paralympics Games
Athletic activities and competitions for athletes, who do not…
Athletic activities, including local, regional, national, or…
Sports that are played in more than one nation
Competitions in which the world's best athletes with physical…
Amateur sports
Athletic activities and competitions for athletes, who do not…
Professional sports
Athletic activities, including local, regional, national, or…
81 terms
H bio chapter 7
cell theory
the light microscope (LM)
the electron microscope (EM)
scanning EM (SEM)
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
-uses light and lenses... -enables use to see shape and structur…
-uses a beam of electrons... -allows greater magnification and r…
surfacce structure
cell theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
the light microscope (LM)
-uses light and lenses... -enables use to see shape and structur…
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7
anion
cation
chemical bond
crystal lattice
an ion that has a negative charge
an ion that has a positive charge
the force that holds two atoms together; may form by the attr…
a 3-dimensional geometric arrangement of particles in which e…
anion
an ion that has a negative charge
cation
an ion that has a positive charge
H. Chemistry: Chapter 7 Quiz
Why do the alkali metals react with th…
How did Dmitri Mendeleev arrange his p…
What is effective nuclear charge?
Why do noble gases tend to be unreacti…
Alkali metals have a +1 charge and halogens have a -1 charge,…
In patterns of reactivity and properties that occur "periodic…
The amount of attraction between the positively charged nucle…
STABLE. They do not want to gain or lose electrons, therefore…
Why do the alkali metals react with th…
Alkali metals have a +1 charge and halogens have a -1 charge,…
How did Dmitri Mendeleev arrange his p…
In patterns of reactivity and properties that occur "periodic…
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7
Avogadro's Number
When do we use Avogadro's number?
How to calculate atoms or molecules of…
How to calculate the moles of an eleme…
6.022×10 to the 23rd power
Use Avogadro's number to determine number of particles in the…
1) State the given & needed quantities.... 2) Write a plan to co…
1) State the given & needed quantities.... 2) Write a plan to co…
Avogadro's Number
6.022×10 to the 23rd power
When do we use Avogadro's number?
Use Avogadro's number to determine number of particles in the…
15 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7 Vocabulary
valence electrons
ionic bond
chemical formula
formula unit
the outermost electrons in the atom, located in the highest e…
bond which occurs when a metal donates its valence electrons…
number of atoms of each element in the smallest representativ…
lowest whole-number ratio of ions in an ionic compound
valence electrons
the outermost electrons in the atom, located in the highest e…
ionic bond
bond which occurs when a metal donates its valence electrons…
17 terms
Chapter 7 terms Chemistry -Prince
Electron sea model
Metallic bond
Alloy
Delocalized electron
proposed that all metal atoms in a metallic solid contribute…
the attraction of a metallic cation for delocalized electrons
A mixture of elements that has metallic properties; most comm…
the electrons involved in metallic bonding that are free to m…
Electron sea model
proposed that all metal atoms in a metallic solid contribute…
Metallic bond
the attraction of a metallic cation for delocalized electrons
49 terms
Chapter 7 Foundations of Chemistry
atom
compound
dissolve
element
small particle that is a building block of matter
substance containing atoms of two or more different elements…
to form a solution by mixing evenly
substance that consists of just one type of atom
atom
small particle that is a building block of matter
compound
substance containing atoms of two or more different elements…
16 terms
H Chemistry (Unit 5 - Chapter 7)
Chemical Bond
Cation
Anion
Ionic Bond
The force that holds two atoms together; may form by the attr…
An ion that has a positive charge.
An ion that has a negative charge.
The electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particl…
Chemical Bond
The force that holds two atoms together; may form by the attr…
Cation
An ion that has a positive charge.
9 terms
Chapter 7 Chemistry vocab
stochiometry
mole
Avogadro's number
molar mass
Greek: stoikhein=element; metron=measure... Using relationships…
6.02 x (10 to the power of 23)... also - a small burrowing insec…
6.02 x (10 to the power of 23)
the mass of a molecule in amu - also tells you the number of…
stochiometry
Greek: stoikhein=element; metron=measure... Using relationships…
mole
6.02 x (10 to the power of 23)... also - a small burrowing insec…
47 terms
H. Chemistry Ch.7
Ionic compounds
Oxidation State
There are three types of chemical bonds
?
are made of the combination of cations( + ) and anions (- ).…
The electrical charge on an ion and is equal to the number of…
1-ionic... 2-covalent... 3-metallic.
are between metals and non-metals the two extremes on the per…
Ionic compounds
are made of the combination of cations( + ) and anions (- ).…
Oxidation State
The electrical charge on an ion and is equal to the number of…
21 terms
Chapter 7 Vocabulary (H. Chem)
Precipitation
Precipitate
Precipitation reaction
Strong electrolyte
The formation of a solid when two solutions are mixed
The solid that forms
A reaction in which an insoluble substance forms and separate…
A material that, when dissolved in water, gives a solution th…
Precipitation
The formation of a solid when two solutions are mixed
Precipitate
The solid that forms
54 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7
principal quantum number
angular momentum quantum number
quantum number
spin
starts at n = 1, counts the energy levels/shells from the nuc…
shape of atomic orbitals... refers to the sub-shell s, p, d, f... s…
n, l, ml, ms... these 4 #s uniquely describe the state of an ele…
could be up or down... ms = +1/2 or -1/2... an orbital is full when…
principal quantum number
starts at n = 1, counts the energy levels/shells from the nuc…
angular momentum quantum number
shape of atomic orbitals... refers to the sub-shell s, p, d, f... s…
10 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 7
monatomic ion
binary compounds
nomenclature
oxyanions
an ion formed from a single atom.
compounds composed of two different elements
naming system
polyatomic ions that contain oxygen
monatomic ion
an ion formed from a single atom.
binary compounds
compounds composed of two different elements
H bio chapter 7
cell theory
the light microscope (LM)
the electron microscope (EM)
scanning EM (SEM)
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
-uses light and lenses... -enables use to see shape and structur…
-uses a beam of electrons... -allows greater magnification and r…
surfacce structure
cell theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
the light microscope (LM)
-uses light and lenses... -enables use to see shape and structur…
32 terms
H Biology Chapter 7
cell
cell theory
cell membrane (plasma membrane)
nucleus
basic unit of life
1) all livings things are made of cells... 2) cells are the basi…
thin, flexible barrier that surrounds all cells, made of a ph…
the structure inside a cell that contains the cell's genetic…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
1) all livings things are made of cells... 2) cells are the basi…
15 terms
Chapter 7 Ces H
high-tech politics
mass media
media events
press conference
A politics in which the behavior of citizens and policymakers…
television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and o…
events purposely stage for the media but nonetheless look spo…
meetings of public officials with reporters... There was a pres…
high-tech politics
A politics in which the behavior of citizens and policymakers…
mass media
television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and o…
13 terms
Chapter 7 Biology H
Phosolipids
lipids, nonpolar molecules, small pola…
ions, large polar molecules
Lipid bilayer
the lipid layer that forms the foundation of cell membranes i…
What are the lipid bilayer permeable to?
What is the lipid bilayer impermeable to?
What is the result of the phosolipid structure: cell membrane…
Phosolipids
the lipid layer that forms the foundation of cell membranes i…
lipids, nonpolar molecules, small pola…
What are the lipid bilayer permeable to?
17 terms
Chapter 7 H R
social identity theory
ingroup bias
outgroup bias
ethnocentrism
we favor our own groups over other groups to maintain positiv…
favoring others with whom we identify with over those we dont
downgrading other who are not in your group
our tendency to see the world through the lenses of our own c…
social identity theory
we favor our own groups over other groups to maintain positiv…
ingroup bias
favoring others with whom we identify with over those we dont
16 terms
Chapter 7 Chemistry
cations
anions
valence electrons
chemical bond
positive ions
negative ions
electrons in the atom's outer orbitals
a strong force between atoms or ions in a compound
cations
positive ions
anions
negative ions
Chapter 7 & 9 Test H Chemistry
Valence electrons
Electron dot structures
Octet rule
Halide ions
the electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an elem…
diagrams that show valence electrons as dots
in forming compounds, atoms tend to achieve the electron conf…
the ions that are produced when atoms of chlorine and other h…
Valence electrons
the electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an elem…
Electron dot structures
diagrams that show valence electrons as dots
15 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 7 +
valance electron
electron dot structure
octet rule
halide ion
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
a notation that depicts valance electrons as dots around the…
atoms react by gaining or losing electrons so as to acquire t…
a negative ion formed when a halogen atom gains an electron
valance electron
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
electron dot structure
a notation that depicts valance electrons as dots around the…
68 terms
H Bio chapter 7
Plants use energy from the __ to under…
where does photosynthesis take place…
where does cellular respiration take p…
cellular respiration converts glucose…
sun//nutrients to energy
chloroplasts//glucose
cytoplasm and mitochondria
ATP
Plants use energy from the __ to under…
sun//nutrients to energy
where does photosynthesis take place…
chloroplasts//glucose
60 terms
Chapter 7 & 9 Test H Chemistry
Valence electrons
Electron dot structures
Octet rule
Halide ions
the electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an elem…
diagrams that show valence electrons as dots
in forming compounds, atoms tend to achieve the electron conf…
the ions that are produced when atoms of chlorine and other h…
Valence electrons
the electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an elem…
Electron dot structures
diagrams that show valence electrons as dots
128 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 7
valence electrons
valence electrons
group
Chemical
The elements within each group of the periodic table react in…
the electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an elem…
To find the number of valence electrons in an atom of a repre…
Valence electrons are usually the only electrons involved in_…
valence electrons
The elements within each group of the periodic table react in…
valence electrons
the electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an elem…
22 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 7
chemical reaction
gas evolution reactions
combustion reactions
precipitation reactions
the transformation of one or more substances into different s…
reactions that occur in liquids and form a gas
a substance with oxygen, emitting heat and forming one or mor…
reactions that form solid substances in water, also used to r…
chemical reaction
the transformation of one or more substances into different s…
gas evolution reactions
reactions that occur in liquids and form a gas
21 terms
H. Chem Chapter 7 Vocab
Precipitation
Precipitate
Precipitation reaction
Strong electrolyte
Formation of a solid
Solid that forms in a chemical reaction
Reaction that produces a solid
A substance that dissolves in water and produces separated ions
Precipitation
Formation of a solid
Precipitate
Solid that forms in a chemical reaction
6 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7
Chemical reaction
Chemical equation
Reactants
Products
The process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
A starting material in a chemical reaction.
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
Chemical reaction
The process by which one or more substances change to produce…
Chemical equation
A representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
23 terms
Chapter 7 Chemistry (S)
absolute temperature
absolute zero
atomospheric pressure
barometer
Temperature measured on the Kelvin scale (p. 271)
The temperature at which particles in matter stop moving and…
The pressure exerted by the weight of the atmosphere (p.265)
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure (p. 269)
absolute temperature
Temperature measured on the Kelvin scale (p. 271)
absolute zero
The temperature at which particles in matter stop moving and…
13 terms
Chapter 7 Chem H Vocabulary
Valence Orbitals
Effective Nuclear Charge
Bonding Atomic Radius
Isoelectronic Series
Orbitals that contain the outer shell electrons of an atom.
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many…
The radius of an atom defined by the distances separating it…
A series of atoms, ions, or molecules having the same number…
Valence Orbitals
Orbitals that contain the outer shell electrons of an atom.
Effective Nuclear Charge
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many…
21 terms
Prep Chemistry, Chapter 7: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
acid
acid-base reaction
base
combustion reaction
A substance that produces hydrogen ions in aqueous solution;…
A reaction involving an H+ ion from an acid and an OH− ion fr…
A substance that produces hydroxide ions in aqueous solution;…
The vigorous and exothermic oxidation-reduction reaction that…
acid
A substance that produces hydrogen ions in aqueous solution;…
acid-base reaction
A reaction involving an H+ ion from an acid and an OH− ion fr…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7 Review
Alloy
Anion
Cation
Chemical Bond
A mixture of elements that has metallic properties
A negatively charge ion
A positively charged ion
The force that holds two atoms together
Alloy
A mixture of elements that has metallic properties
Anion
A negatively charge ion
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