Study sets matching "chemistry honors chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "chemistry honors chapter 6"

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Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
Anion
Binary compound
Cation
Chemical formula
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
A compound composed of two elements; NaCl and A₂O₃
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
shows the number and types of atoms present in the smallest r…
Anion
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
Binary compound
A compound composed of two elements; NaCl and A₂O₃
Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
Quantum
Ground state
As electrons move down levels, what ha…
Frequency of wavelength equation
smallest amount of energy an electron can get to move up an e…
normal level
it gives off energy
c(speed of light)=𝝺*v ... c=3.00x10^8 m/s
Quantum
smallest amount of energy an electron can get to move up an e…
Ground state
normal level
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
anion
atomic radius
Group 1
group 2
Negatively charged ion
one-half the distance between the nuclei of identical atoms t…
alkali metals
Group 1
alkaline earth metals
group 2
17 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
halogen
cation
any metal in Group 1A of the periodic table
any metal in Group 2A of the periodic table
a nonmetal in Group 7A of the periodic table
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
alkali metals
any metal in Group 1A of the periodic table
alkaline earth metals
any metal in Group 2A of the periodic table
17 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
anion
atomic radius
Group 1
group 2
Negatively charged ion
one-half the distance between the nuclei of identical atoms t…
alkali metals
Group 1
alkaline earth metals
group 2
20 terms
Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
Groups
Periods
Metals
Alkali Metals
the columns in the periodic table
the rows in the periodic table
-elements that are generally shiny when smooth and clean... - go…
group 1A elements (except hydrogen!)
Groups
the columns in the periodic table
Periods
the rows in the periodic table
49 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
representative particle
Seven elements normally exist as diato…
formula unit
mole
refers to whether a substance commonly exists as atoms, ions…
H2, N2, O2, Cl2, Br2, and I2
is the representative particle of ionic compounds
of a substance represents 6.02 x 10^23 representative particl…
representative particle
refers to whether a substance commonly exists as atoms, ions…
Seven elements normally exist as diato…
H2, N2, O2, Cl2, Br2, and I2
37 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
Main Group or Representative Elements
Transition Elements
Inner Transition Elements
Differentiating Electron
A-Group, are found groups 1-2 (s block) and 13-18 (p block) o…
B-Group, divided into transition (d-block) and inner-transiti…
located in the f block, also known as rare earth elements, se…
the electron present in one atom but NOT in the atom just bef…
Main Group or Representative Elements
A-Group, are found groups 1-2 (s block) and 13-18 (p block) o…
Transition Elements
B-Group, divided into transition (d-block) and inner-transiti…
95 terms
Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
electronic structure
electromagnetic radiation
what is the speed of light?
wavelength
electron arrangment in an atom and their energies
carries energy traveling at the speed of light through space…
3.00 x 10^8 m/s
distance between two adjacent peaks or troughs
electronic structure
electron arrangment in an atom and their energies
electromagnetic radiation
carries energy traveling at the speed of light through space…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bond
Crystal Lattice
Covalent Bond
The force that holds together atoms in a compound
One atom transferring electrons to a second atom creating pos…
Geometric pattern of ionic compounds
sharing of electrons resulting in overlapping orbitals
Chemical Bond
The force that holds together atoms in a compound
Ionic Bond
One atom transferring electrons to a second atom creating pos…
73 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical bond
decrease
Ionic bonding
Covalent bonding
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Does bonding decrease or increase potential energy?
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
results from the sharing of electron pairs between two atoms
Chemical bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
decrease
Does bonding decrease or increase potential energy?
34 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
Periodic Trends
Nuclear Charge
Shielding Effect
Effective Nuclear Charge (Zeff)
Specific patterns that are present on the periodic table. The…
Total charge of all the protons in the nucleus. It has the sa…
Electrons in an atom can shield each other from the positive…
The net positive charge experienced by valence electrons. It…
Periodic Trends
Specific patterns that are present on the periodic table. The…
Nuclear Charge
Total charge of all the protons in the nucleus. It has the sa…
27 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
A bond formed when atoms share one or…
the region of high probability that is…
the distance between two bonded atoms…
a covalent bond in which the bonding e…
covalent bond
molecular orbital
bond length
nonpolar covalent bond
A bond formed when atoms share one or…
covalent bond
the region of high probability that is…
molecular orbital
66 terms
Honors Chemistry 1: Chapter 6
Elements are arranged by increasing...
Vertically into 8 ...
Horizontally into 7 ...
If you looked at one atom of every ele…
atomic number
Groups or Families
Periods or Series
each atom has the same number of valence electrons in it's ou…
Elements are arranged by increasing...
atomic number
Vertically into 8 ...
Groups or Families
17 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 6
IUPAC nomenclature
inorganic compound
binary ionic compound
ternary ionic compound
the international system of rules for naming chemical compounds
a compound that does not contain the element carbon
a compound that contains one metal and one nonmetal
a compound that contains three elements, including at least o…
IUPAC nomenclature
the international system of rules for naming chemical compounds
inorganic compound
a compound that does not contain the element carbon
Chapter 6 Chemistry Honors
properties of an ionic compound
properties of a covalent compound
diatomic molecules
molecule
high melting and boiling points... high attraction... higher solubi…
low melting and boiling points... low conductivity... lower solubil…
molecules that form from two of the same type of atom... there a…
neutral group of atoms held together by covalent bonds
properties of an ionic compound
high melting and boiling points... high attraction... higher solubi…
properties of a covalent compound
low melting and boiling points... low conductivity... lower solubil…
44 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 6
Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794)
John Newlands (1837-1898)
Lothar Meyer (1830-1895)
Dmitri Mendeleev (1834-1907)
Lavoisier, a French scientist, compiled a list of all the kno…
Newlands, an English chemist, arranged the elements by increa…
Meyer, a German chemist, demonstrated a connection between at…
Mendeleev, a Russian chemist, demonstrated the connection bet…
Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794)
Lavoisier, a French scientist, compiled a list of all the kno…
John Newlands (1837-1898)
Newlands, an English chemist, arranged the elements by increa…
83 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 6
What is a chemical bond?
Why are valence electrons important wi…
What is an ionic bond?
What is a cation?
a link between atoms due to the mutual attraction of nuclei f…
1. Electrons are that gained, lost, or shared... 2. Determine nu…
a bond formed by attraction between a cation and anion
A positively charged ion that loses an electron making a smal…
What is a chemical bond?
a link between atoms due to the mutual attraction of nuclei f…
Why are valence electrons important wi…
1. Electrons are that gained, lost, or shared... 2. Determine nu…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
ionic
nonpolar covalent
polar covalent
H2, N2, O2, F2, Cl2, Br2, I2
What is the bond type if the electronegativity difference is…
What is the bond type if the electronegativity difference is…
What is the bond type if the electronegativity difference is…
List the 7 diatomic molcules
ionic
What is the bond type if the electronegativity difference is…
nonpolar covalent
What is the bond type if the electronegativity difference is…
Chemistry Honors Chapter 6
What is a chemical bond?
Why are valence electrons important wi…
What is an ionic bond?
What is a cation?
a link between atoms due to the mutual attraction of nuclei f…
1. Electrons are that gained, lost, or shared... 2. Determine nu…
a bond formed by attraction between a cation and anion
A positively charged ion that loses an electron making a smal…
What is a chemical bond?
a link between atoms due to the mutual attraction of nuclei f…
Why are valence electrons important wi…
1. Electrons are that gained, lost, or shared... 2. Determine nu…
35 terms
Honors Chemistry - Chapter 6
Where are the representative elements…
Where are the transition metals located?
Where are the inner transition metals,…
Where are the lanthanides located?
Groups 1 and 2 (s block) and 13-18 (p block)
D block ... (note: this is just one subdivision of the transitio…
F block... (note: this is just one subdivision of the transition…
Where are the representative elements…
Groups 1 and 2 (s block) and 13-18 (p block)
Where are the transition metals located?
D block ... (note: this is just one subdivision of the transitio…
19 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
Periodic Law
Electron connection to PT organization
Mendeleev's contributions to PT
Dobereiner's contributions to PT
The predictive ability of the PT (chemical properties begin t…
"road map" of electron orbitals
-Organized elements in order of increasing atomic mass
-Grouped elements into triads... -Properties of one element in t…
Periodic Law
The predictive ability of the PT (chemical properties begin t…
Electron connection to PT organization
"road map" of electron orbitals
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
anion
atomic radius
Group 1
group 2
Negatively charged ion
one-half the distance between the nuclei of identical atoms t…
alkali metals
Group 1
alkaline earth metals
group 2
42 terms
Chapter 6 and 7 Honors Chemistry
Periodic table
Group
Period
Metals
A table in which the chemical elements are arranged in order…
*A column on the periodic table
*A row on the periodic table
Large group of elements that tend to be solids at room temp,…
Periodic table
A table in which the chemical elements are arranged in order…
Group
*A column on the periodic table
Honors Chemistry- Chapter 6 Terms
atomic mass unit
average atomic mass
mole
Avogrado's number
a small unit of mass equal to 1.66x10^-24
the weighted average of the masses of all isotopes of an elem…
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
the number of atoms in exactly 12 grams of pure 12C, equal to…
atomic mass unit
a small unit of mass equal to 1.66x10^-24
average atomic mass
the weighted average of the masses of all isotopes of an elem…
17 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocabulary
periodic law
metals
nonmetals
metalloid
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Good conductors of heat and electric current.
Poor conductors of heat and electric current.
Generally has properties that are similar to those of metals…
periodic law
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
metals
Good conductors of heat and electric current.
Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
chemical equation
chemical equation
reactants
product
- represents the rearrangement of atoms when a chemical chang…
- shows the reactants on the left and the products on the right
the substances before the reaction occurs
the substances after the reaction occurs
chemical equation
- represents the rearrangement of atoms when a chemical chang…
chemical equation
- shows the reactants on the left and the products on the right
54 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bond
Crystal Lattice
Covalent Bond
The force that holds together atoms in a compound
One atom transferring electrons to a second atom creating pos…
Geometric pattern of ionic compounds
sharing of electrons resulting in overlapping orbitals
Chemical Bond
The force that holds together atoms in a compound
Ionic Bond
One atom transferring electrons to a second atom creating pos…
19 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6 Honors
Average atomic mass
Mole
Avogadro's number
Mass percent
the weighted average of the masses of all the isotopes of an…
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
the number of atoms in exactly 12 grams of pure (12)C; the nu…
the percent by mass of a component of a mixture or an element…
Average atomic mass
the weighted average of the masses of all the isotopes of an…
Mole
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
17 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
periodic law
metals
nonmetals
metalloid
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
an element that ends to be a poor conductor of heat and elect…
an element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
periodic law
when the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
metals
one of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
Chemistry Honors Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Non-polar Covalent Bond
Mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence e…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Sharing of electron pairs between two atoms
Covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equal…
Chemical Bond
Mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence e…
Ionic Bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
Lavoisier
Newlands
Law of Octaves
Mendeleev
compiled a list of all known elements at the time (1700s)
proposed an arrangement where elements were ordered by the in…
pattern that properties repeated every eight element (propose…
-developed the first periodic table based on properties and a…
Lavoisier
compiled a list of all known elements at the time (1700s)
Newlands
proposed an arrangement where elements were ordered by the in…
15 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Anion
Binary Compound
Cation
Chemical Formula
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
a compound composed of two elements; NaCl is a binary compound
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
shows the number and type of atoms present in the smallest re…
Anion
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
Binary Compound
a compound composed of two elements; NaCl is a binary compound
19 terms
Chemistry honors chapter 6
triad
increasing atomic number
7
periodic law
a set of 3 elements with similar properties
elements are arragned in the order of ____________
there are _______ rows in the periodic table
when elements are arranged in increasing atomoic number, ther…
triad
a set of 3 elements with similar properties
increasing atomic number
elements are arragned in the order of ____________
18 terms
Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
diatomic elements
ions
2 types of ions
cation
NIH
atoms with a positive or negative charge
cation and anion
formed by an atom or group of atoms losing electrons, only me…
diatomic elements
NIH
ions
atoms with a positive or negative charge
11 terms
Honors chemistry chapter 6
Anion
Atomic Radius
Caion
Electronegativity
Any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge (6.3)
One-half the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of the…
Any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge (6.3)
The ability of an atom to attract electrons when the atom is…
Anion
Any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge (6.3)
Atomic Radius
One-half the distance between the nuclei of two atoms of the…
20 terms
chapter 6 honors chemistry
periodic law
group
period
representative element
states that when the elements are arranged by increasing atom…
verticle column of elements in the periodic table arranged in…
a horizontal row of elements in the modern periodic table
elements from groups 1, 2, and 13-18 in modern periodic table…
periodic law
states that when the elements are arranged by increasing atom…
group
verticle column of elements in the periodic table arranged in…
Chapter 6 Vocab Honors Chemistry
Covalent bond
Molecular orbital
Bond length
Bond energy
Bond when atoms are sharing 1 or more elctron pairs
Region of high probability that's occupied by electrons
Distance between 2 bonded atoms @ minimum potential energy
Energy required to break a bond in 1 mol of a chemical compound
Covalent bond
Bond when atoms are sharing 1 or more elctron pairs
Molecular orbital
Region of high probability that's occupied by electrons
24 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
chemical bond
ionic bonding
covalent bonding
non-polar covalent bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
the sharing of electron pair between two atoms; sharing of el…
a covalent bond in which the bonding electron are shared equa…
chemical bond
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
ionic bonding
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
17 terms
Honors Chemistry chapter 6
John Newlands
Dmitri Mendeleev
periodic law
groups
proposed an organizational scheme for the elements . Noticed…
published his idea for the periodic table before Meyer.
the statement that there is a periodic repetition of chemical…
increasing atomic numbered columns on the periodic table
John Newlands
proposed an organizational scheme for the elements . Noticed…
Dmitri Mendeleev
published his idea for the periodic table before Meyer.
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
VSEPR Theory
Hybridization
Hybrid Orbitals
Dipole
States that repulsion between the sets of valence-level elect…
Mixing of two or more atomic orbitals of similar energies on…
Orbitals of equal energy produced by the combination of two o…
Is created by equal but opposite charges that are separated b…
VSEPR Theory
States that repulsion between the sets of valence-level elect…
Hybridization
Mixing of two or more atomic orbitals of similar energies on…
29 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
Periodic Law
periods
groups
family
the properties of the elements exist in a repeatable pattern…
rows, energy levels
columns, families
groups of of elements with similar chemical properties associ…
Periodic Law
the properties of the elements exist in a repeatable pattern…
periods
rows, energy levels
Honors Chemistry chapter 6
Principal
Azimuthal
_____ are found in _____, which are in…
These are found in the energy levels a…
First
Second
electrons, orbitals, subshells, energy levels
subshells
Principal
First
Azimuthal
Second
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
chemical reaction
chemical equation
reactants
products
the change of substances into other substances through a reor…
a representation of a chemical reaction showing the relative…
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
a substance resulting from a chemical reaction
chemical reaction
the change of substances into other substances through a reor…
chemical equation
a representation of a chemical reaction showing the relative…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6.2/6.5
molecule
molecular compound
chemical formula
molecular formula
the smallest unit of a substance that keeps all of the physic…
a chemical compound whose simplest units are molecules
a combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
a chemical formula that shows the number and kinds of atoms i…
molecule
the smallest unit of a substance that keeps all of the physic…
molecular compound
a chemical compound whose simplest units are molecules
28 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
Chemical bond
Ionic bonding
Polar
Polar-covalent bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
The chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
Having an uneven distribution of charge
A covalent bond in which the bonded atoms have an unequal att…
Chemical bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Ionic bonding
The chemical bond resulting from electrical attraction betwee…
15 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
anion
binary compound
cation
chemical formula
atoms or groups of atoms that have a negative charge
compounds composed of two elements
any atoms or group of atoms that has a positive charge
shows the kinds and numbers of atoms in the smallest represen…
anion
atoms or groups of atoms that have a negative charge
binary compound
compounds composed of two elements
118 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Atoms lose potential energy during bon…
By bonding with each other, atoms decr…
ionic bonding
mutual attraction between the nuclei and valence electrons of…
more stable arrangements of matter
creating more stable arrangements of matter
bonding from anions and cations
Chemical Bond
mutual attraction between the nuclei and valence electrons of…
Atoms lose potential energy during bon…
more stable arrangements of matter
24 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 6
chemical bond
ionic bonding
covalent bonding
nonpolar-covalent bond
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
a force that attracts electrons from one atom to another, whi…
a bond formed when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are equally at…
chemical bond
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
ionic bonding
a force that attracts electrons from one atom to another, whi…
19 terms
Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
periodic law
representative elements
transition elements
transition metals
when elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
The s and p sublevels are not filled - Groups 1A-7A
transition metals and inner transition metals - B Groups
the highest occupied s sublevel and a nearby d sublevel conta…
periodic law
when elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
representative elements
The s and p sublevels are not filled - Groups 1A-7A
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