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Study sets matching "chemistry life"

32 terms
Chemistry of Life
All Living things... (think DNA)
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
All living things... (think stimulus)
All living things... (think "small but…
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
Grow and Develop.
Respond to their Environment.
Are made up of Cells.
All Living things... (think DNA)
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
Grow and Develop.
28 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
20 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting in the transfer of an electron
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
34 terms
Chemistry of Life
All Living things... (think DNA)
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
All living things... (think stimulus)
All living things... (think "small but…
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
Grow and Develop.
Respond to their Environment.
Are made up of Cells.
All Living things... (think DNA)
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
Grow and Develop.
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
C
N
H
O
Carbon
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Oxygen
C
Carbon
N
Nitrogen
The Chemistry of Life
subatomic particles
nucleus (atomic)
proton
neutron
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
positively-charged subatomic particle; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particle with no charge; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
nucleus (atomic)
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
44 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
15 terms
Chemistry of Life
matter
energy
atom
molecule
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Ability to cause change or do work
Smallest particle of an element
A group of atoms bonded together
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
energy
Ability to cause change or do work
53 terms
The Chemistry of Life
subatomic particles
nucleus (atomic)
proton
neutron
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
positively-charged subatomic particle; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particle with no charge; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
nucleus (atomic)
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
14 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
atomic number
chemical reaction
compound
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A pure substance made of two or more elements CHEMICALLY comb…
atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
44 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus (of an atom)
electron
element
The basic unit of matter
the center of the atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
A negatively charged particle located outside the nucleus of…
A pure substance made up of only one type of atom; there are…
atom
The basic unit of matter
nucleus (of an atom)
the center of the atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
25 terms
Chemistry of Life
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
water
water is a polar compound
thermal
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
The most abundant compound found in living things
oxygen has a slight negative charge, hydrogens have a slight…
Water heats and cools slower than most liquids
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
water
The most abundant compound found in living things
33 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
fundamental unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom.
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained (- charge) or lost (+ charge) one or mor…
atom
fundamental unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom.
40 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
27 terms
Chemistry of Life
organic molecule
polymer
monomer
macromolecule
A molecule is created by living things, and contains the elem…
A molecule made of many small units, linked together into a c…
A small molecule that can be joined to other small molecules…
A large molecule, like DNA
organic molecule
A molecule is created by living things, and contains the elem…
polymer
A molecule made of many small units, linked together into a c…
22 terms
Unit 1 - The Chemistry of Life
isotope
ionic bond
covalent bond
polar
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
bonds formed when electrons are shared between atoms
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
isotope
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
ionic bond
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
29 terms
Chemistry of Life
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
water
water is a polar compound
cohesive
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
The most abundant compound found in living things
oxygen has a slight negative charge, hydrogens have a slight…
Water sticks to itself - creates surface tension
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
water
The most abundant compound found in living things
60 terms
The Chemistry of Life
polymer
monomer
carbohydrates
protein
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
A polymer made of monomers called sugars or monossacharides.…
Macromolecules made by linking together monomers called amino…
polymer
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
monomer
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
Chemistry of Life
Protein
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Nucleic acids
Protein
Carbohydrates
34 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
25 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
14 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Su…
Lipids, Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids,…
Fats
Sugar
6 elements of life
4 molecules of life
Lipids common name
Carbohydrates common name
Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Su…
6 elements of life
Lipids, Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids,…
4 molecules of life
12 terms
Chemistry of Life
CHNOPS
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Common elements, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphor…
quick energy source, composed of monosaccarides; includes sug…
carbohydrate made up of a single sugar unit Ex. glucose, fruc…
a carbohydrate containing three or more monosaccharide molecu…
CHNOPS
Common elements, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphor…
carbohydrate
quick energy source, composed of monosaccarides; includes sug…
15 terms
Chemistry of Life
matter
energy
atom
molecule
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Ability to cause change or do work
Smallest particle of an element
A group of atoms bonded together
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
energy
Ability to cause change or do work
24 terms
Chemistry for Life
Matter
Energy
Atoms
Nucleus
anything that has mass and takes up space
anything that brings about change
- makes up all solids, liquids and gases... - smallest particle…
center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Energy
anything that brings about change
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
C
N
H
O
Carbon
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Oxygen
C
Carbon
N
Nitrogen
8 terms
Chemistry of Life
protein
carbohydrate
Nucleic Acids
Lipids
amino acid
simple sugars
Nucleotides
Glycerol and Fatty Acids
protein
amino acid
carbohydrate
simple sugars
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
Polarity
Cohesion
Hydrogen Bond
Adhesion
Having oppositely charged sides
Water molecule sticking to another water molecule
Forms between the oxygen of one water molecule and the hydrog…
Water molecules sticking to other polar substances
Polarity
Having oppositely charged sides
Cohesion
Water molecule sticking to another water molecule
5 terms
Chemistry Of Life
Organic Compounds
carbon
chain structure
branched chain
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
in every organic compound
in a line
in all directions
Organic Compounds
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
carbon
in every organic compound
44 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus (of an atom)
electron
element
The basic unit of matter
the center of the atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
A negatively charged particle located outside the nucleus of…
A pure substance made up of only one type of atom; there are…
atom
The basic unit of matter
nucleus (of an atom)
the center of the atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
34 terms
Chemistry of LIfe
glucose
cellulose
glycogen
dehydration synthesis
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
polysaccharide that is energy storage in animals
forming a larger molecule by removing water
glucose
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
cellulose
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
28 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
12 terms
Chemistry of Life
CHNOPS
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Common elements, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphor…
quick energy source, composed of monosaccarides; includes sug…
carbohydrate made up of a single sugar unit Ex. glucose, fruc…
a carbohydrate containing three or more monosaccharide molecu…
CHNOPS
Common elements, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphor…
carbohydrate
quick energy source, composed of monosaccarides; includes sug…
40 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
33 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
fundamental unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom.
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained (- charge) or lost (+ charge) one or mor…
atom
fundamental unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom.
8 terms
Chemistry of Life
enzyme
polar
solute
solvent
a protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
a pair of equal and opposite charges
dissolved particles in a solution
substance that does the dissolving
enzyme
a protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
polar
a pair of equal and opposite charges
27 terms
Chemistry of Life
amino acids
building blocks
carbohydrates
CHONS
building blocks of proteins
smallest units combined to make organic compound
organic compound that provides energy for an organism (living…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Sulfur: the most commo…
amino acids
building blocks of proteins
building blocks
smallest units combined to make organic compound
63 terms
Chemistry of Life
Chemistry (definition)
Why is Water Important?
Specific Heat
Solvent
the study of matter - its composition, structure, properties,…
Major component of cells, where chemical reactions take place
How quickly something heats up / cools down. Water has a HIGH…
Substance that dissolves other substances. Water is a good so…
Chemistry (definition)
the study of matter - its composition, structure, properties,…
Why is Water Important?
Major component of cells, where chemical reactions take place
44 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
15 terms
Chemistry of Life
Element
Compound
Covalent Bonds
Molecule
Substance that is made of only one type of atom.
Substance comprised of two of more elements.
Formed by the sharing of electrons among atoms.
Smallest unit of most compounds.
Element
Substance that is made of only one type of atom.
Compound
Substance comprised of two of more elements.
26 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Compound
Molecule
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A group of atoms held together by covalent bonds.
Atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
35 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
element
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
34 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Proton
A unit of matter, the smallest unit of an element, having all…
The positively charged central region of an atom, composed of…
A very small subatomic particle having negative electric char…
A positively charged subatomic particle that makes up all or…
Atom
A unit of matter, the smallest unit of an element, having all…
Nucleus
The positively charged central region of an atom, composed of…
21 terms
Chemistry of Life
Amino Acids
Carbohydrate
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
Building blocks for proteins
Main source of energy made of mono and polysaccharides
Insulates and stores energy and vitamins.
DNA, RNA
Amino Acids
Building blocks for proteins
Carbohydrate
Main source of energy made of mono and polysaccharides
26 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
21 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
nucleus (atom)
proton
neutron
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
the positively charged dense center of an atom
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
Atom
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
nucleus (atom)
the positively charged dense center of an atom
43 terms
Chemistry of Life
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and N…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and N…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
35 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Protons
Neutrons
Basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, electrons
A positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
A neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Subatomic Particles
protons, neutrons, electrons
34 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Element
Compound
Basic unit of matter
the center of the atom
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
the center of the atom
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