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Study sets matching "chemistry life"

Chemistry of Life
C
N
H
O
Carbon
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Oxygen
C
Carbon
N
Nitrogen
88 terms
The Chemistry of Life
2 Parts to an atom
Element
Isotopes
Compound
1.) Nucleus (made up of protons and neutrons)... 2.) Shell (made…
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
Substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
2 Parts to an atom
1.) Nucleus (made up of protons and neutrons)... 2.) Shell (made…
Element
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
The Chemistry of Life
isotope
ionic bond
covalent bond
polar
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
bonds formed when electrons are shared between atoms
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
isotope
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
ionic bond
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
9 terms
Chemistry of Life
Aldehyde
Ketone
Alcohol
Ether
Aldehyde
Ketone
23 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
element
compound
ion
Smallest unit of life
One type of atom
made of atoms of different elements
an atom that has gained or loss one or more electrons and now…
Atom
Smallest unit of life
element
One type of atom
13 terms
The Chemistry of Life
Atoms
Element
Molecule/Compound
Organic Compound
Everything, living and nonliving is made up of these.
A single type of atom
A combination of different types of atoms
Molecules found in living things. Contain the element carbon.
Atoms
Everything, living and nonliving is made up of these.
Element
A single type of atom
19 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
electron
proton
neutron
smallest particle of an element that cannot be broken down by…
negatively charged subatomic particle, has a very small mass,…
positively charged subatomic particle, has mass, found in nuc…
uncharged subatomic particle, has mass, found in nucleus of a…
atom
smallest particle of an element that cannot be broken down by…
electron
negatively charged subatomic particle, has a very small mass,…
36 terms
The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
electrons between atoms are shared (electronegativities of th…
electrons are shared equally
Ionic Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Ions
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
59 terms
Chemistry of Life
Matter
Everything
Mass
Weight
anything that takes up space
__________ in the universe is made of matter
Quantity of matter
pull of gravity on an object
Matter
anything that takes up space
Everything
__________ in the universe is made of matter
21 terms
Chemistry of Life
Cell Theory (3 things)
What are differences between eukaryoti…
Animals, Fungus and Plants?
Prokaryotic cell - parts
♣ 1. Cells are the fundamental unit of life ... ♣ 2. All living…
-Prokaryotic cells don't have ANY membrane-bound organelles (…
All eukaryotic
1. Cytoplasm 2. Ribosomes 3. Cell membrane 4. Empty DNA (squi…
Cell Theory (3 things)
♣ 1. Cells are the fundamental unit of life ... ♣ 2. All living…
What are differences between eukaryoti…
-Prokaryotic cells don't have ANY membrane-bound organelles (…
31 terms
Chemistry of Life WHS
Atom
Element
Valence Electrons
Compound
Smallest unit of matter
Can't be broken down to a simpler substance. (One type of atom)
Electrons found in the outermost shell of an atom
A substance made up of two or more different atoms
Atom
Smallest unit of matter
Element
Can't be broken down to a simpler substance. (One type of atom)
8 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
molecule
lipid
protein
the basic unit of a chemical element
a group of atoms that are held together by a chemical bond (w…
a fat molecule (oils, waxes, steroids); store energy for the…
a molecule made up of smaller molecules called amino acids; u…
atom
the basic unit of a chemical element
molecule
a group of atoms that are held together by a chemical bond (w…
9 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Elements
Compound
Ions
matter that exist in small units
a piece of matter made up of only one type of atom
are a result of atoms of different elements combining to form…
an atom with a charge
Atom
matter that exist in small units
Elements
a piece of matter made up of only one type of atom
30 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
compound
organic compound
protein
basic unit of a chemical element
formed when two or more elements chemically bond
molecular compound that contains carbon and hydrogen
large molecule made of chains of amino acids
atom
basic unit of a chemical element
compound
formed when two or more elements chemically bond
12 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Inorganic compounds
Organic compounds
Chemical bonds
smallest unit of matter possessing properties of a chemical e…
do not contain carbon and hydrogen in the same molecule
contain carbon and hydrogen in the same molecule and carbon c…
forces that hold atoms together in molecules; stores energy
Atom
smallest unit of matter possessing properties of a chemical e…
Inorganic compounds
do not contain carbon and hydrogen in the same molecule
86 terms
Chemistry of Life
acid
anion
atoms
base
has a high concentration of hydrogen ions
an ion with a negative charge
a unit of matter that is the smallest part of an element
has a high concentration of hydroxyl ions
acid
has a high concentration of hydrogen ions
anion
an ion with a negative charge
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
nucleus
electron
isotope
Basic unit of matter
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
30 terms
Chemistry of Life
hydrogen bond
covalent bond
polar molecule
hydroxide ions (OH-)
weak bond created when the hydrogen of one water molecule is…
bond created when electrons are shared
has a partial positive charge on one end and a partial negati…
base
hydrogen bond
weak bond created when the hydrogen of one water molecule is…
covalent bond
bond created when electrons are shared
63 terms
Chemistry for Life
Anion
Cation
Ionic bonds
Covalent bonds
A negative ion
A positive ion
Formed when atoms give or receive electrons
Formed when atoms share electrons. Molecules may be polar if…
Anion
A negative ion
Cation
A positive ion
9 terms
Chemistry of life
atom
nucleus
electron
element
Smallest unit of matter
Center of atom
A negatively charged particle
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
Smallest unit of matter
nucleus
Center of atom
14 terms
Chemistry of Life
Polymers
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
large molecules composed of many identical subunits called mo…
(mono means 1) smallest type of carbohydrate molecule. Exampl…
(di means 2) a carbohydrate molecule mad up of two monosaccha…
(poly means many) carbohydrate polymers made up of hundreds t…
Polymers
large molecules composed of many identical subunits called mo…
monosaccharides
(mono means 1) smallest type of carbohydrate molecule. Exampl…
21 terms
The Chemistry of Life
polar
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
an attraction between molecules of the same substance
an attraction between molecules of different substances
a material composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
polar
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
cohesion
an attraction between molecules of the same substance
25 terms
Chemistry of Life
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Lipid
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A macromolecule that provides quick energy and energy storage…
A macromolecule that provides energy storage, makes up cell m…
Monomer
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
27 terms
the chemistry of life
covalent bond
proton
ionic bond
electron
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
covalent bond
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
22 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
Element
Compound
Molecule
the smallest unit of an element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces
atom
the smallest unit of an element
Element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
19 terms
Chemistry of Life
acid
atom
base
carbohydrate
a substance with a pH below 7
smallest particle of matter
a substance with a pH above 7
biomolecule made of simple sugars; commonly found in bread
acid
a substance with a pH below 7
atom
smallest particle of matter
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
nucleus
electron
isotope
The smallest form of an element that still displays its parti…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Atom
The smallest form of an element that still displays its parti…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
22 terms
Chemistry for Life.
Matter
Atoms
Nucleus
Protons
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Makes up all solids liquids and gases. Smallest particle of a…
Center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
Inside the nucleus of and atom. POSITIVE CHARGE!!!
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atoms
Makes up all solids liquids and gases. Smallest particle of a…
29 terms
Chemistry of Life
Photosynthesis
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
The process by which green plants and algae use radiant energ…
The name given to monomers and polymers of aldehydes and keto…
A carbohydrate consisting of one sugar unit; also called simp…
A carbohydrate formed from two monosaccharide units; table su…
Photosynthesis
The process by which green plants and algae use radiant energ…
Carbohydrates
The name given to monomers and polymers of aldehydes and keto…
37 terms
Chemistry of Life
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Anything that takes up space and has mass
definite volume and shape
definite volume, no definite shape
no definite volume or shape
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Solid
definite volume and shape
33 terms
The Chemistry of Life
isotopes
ionic
covalent
polar
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from o…
bond formed when electrons are shared between atoms
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
isotopes
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
ionic
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from o…
12 terms
The Chemistry of Life, Part II
Mixture
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Material composed of two or more elements (physically mixed b…
Type of mixture in which all the components are evenly distri…
Dissolving substance in a solution.
Substance that is dissolved in a solution
Mixture
Material composed of two or more elements (physically mixed b…
Solution
Type of mixture in which all the components are evenly distri…
24 terms
Chemistry of Life
Polar
Non-polar
Acid
Base
A molecule with different charges (+,-) at opposite ends. Wha…
Molecule that does not have a positively charged end and a ne…
any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste an…
any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning lit…
Polar
A molecule with different charges (+,-) at opposite ends. Wha…
Non-polar
Molecule that does not have a positively charged end and a ne…
21 terms
Chemistry of Life, Part III
Monomer
Carbohydrate
Substrate
Nucleotide
A small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.
Reactant of an enzyme reaction
Monomer of nucleic acids, a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group…
Monomer
A small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Carbohydrate
Compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.
17 terms
Chemistry of Life, Part I
Atom
Electron
Proton
Neutron
The basic unit of matter.
a negatively charged particle.
a positively charged particle.
an electrically neutral particle.
Atom
The basic unit of matter.
Electron
a negatively charged particle.
28 terms
Chemistry Of Life
Atom
Element
Ionic Bond
Molecule
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
A group of atoms bonded together
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
12 terms
Chemistry of Life
atoms
elements
molecule
compound
The smallest part of an element.
substances made up of only one type of atom.
The smallest part of a compound.
Two or more elements chemically combined to form a new substa…
atoms
The smallest part of an element.
elements
substances made up of only one type of atom.
11 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
element
molecule
compound
Smallest particle of an element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A group of atoms bonded together
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
atom
Smallest particle of an element
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
59 terms
Chemistry of Life
Nucleus
Subatomic Particle
Proton
Electron
small, dense positively charged center of an atom
particles that make up an atom such as the proton, neutron, a…
positively charged subatomic particle located in the nucleus…
negatively charged subatomic particle found in an area outsid…
Nucleus
small, dense positively charged center of an atom
Subatomic Particle
particles that make up an atom such as the proton, neutron, a…
13 terms
Chemistry of Life
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Atom
Proton
a bond where atoms share one or more pairs of electrons in or…
a bond where one atom loses one or more electrons to another…
the basic unit of a chemical element. Consists of protons, ne…
sub-atomic particle that resides in the nucleus of an atom. H…
Covalent Bond
a bond where atoms share one or more pairs of electrons in or…
Ionic Bond
a bond where one atom loses one or more electrons to another…
29 terms
Chemistry of Life Quizlet
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Smallest unit of an element
Positively charged particles that are found in the nucleus of…
Neutral particles that are found in the nucleus of an atom
Negatively charged atomic particles
Atoms
Smallest unit of an element
Protons
Positively charged particles that are found in the nucleus of…
The Chemistry of Life - Favorite
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
54 terms
Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
four elements that make up over 90% of…
molecule
compound
ionic bond
carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen
two or more atoms combined
two or more different atoms combined
bond created by electrical attraction between atoms (+ and -)
four elements that make up over 90% of…
carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen
molecule
two or more atoms combined
20 terms
9.5 The Chemistry of Life
biomolecules
carbohydrates
distillation
hydrocarbons
English... any molecule that is present in living organisms
English... Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
English... A process that separates the substances in a solution…
English... a compound that contains carbon and hydrogen atoms
biomolecules
English... any molecule that is present in living organisms
carbohydrates
English... Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
Chemistry of Life
molecule
mono
di
poly
two or more atoms bonded together
one
two
many
molecule
two or more atoms bonded together
mono
one
63 terms
Chemistry of Life
Protons, neutrons, & electrons
In nucleus
In nucleus
Outside nucleus
Atom is made up of what 3 subatomic particles?
Where is a proton located?
Where is a neutron located?
Where is a electron located?
Protons, neutrons, & electrons
Atom is made up of what 3 subatomic particles?
In nucleus
Where is a proton located?
21 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
ion
chemical reactions
fatty acids and glycerol
the smallest basic unit of matter
formed when an atom loses or gains an electron
cause substances to be changed into different substances when…
make up both animal fats and plant oils
atom
the smallest basic unit of matter
ion
formed when an atom loses or gains an electron
33 terms
Chemistry of life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter
one particular type of atom that cannot be broken into a simp…
is substance made up of atoms of different elements bonded to…
an atom that has gained of lost one or more electrons
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
element
one particular type of atom that cannot be broken into a simp…
39 terms
The Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and electrons
negatively charged particle, located in the space surrounding…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Atom
basic unit of matter
Nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and electrons
19 terms
Chemistry of Life
Lipid
Protein
Nucleotide
DNA
A nonpolar, insoluable organic compound that is used to store…
An organic compound that is used to carry out chemical reacti…
The building block of nucleic acids DNA and RNA
A type of nucleic acid that has a double strand and deoxyribo…
Lipid
A nonpolar, insoluable organic compound that is used to store…
Protein
An organic compound that is used to carry out chemical reacti…
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