Study sets matching "chemistry life"

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Study sets matching "chemistry life"

21 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
nucleus (atom)
proton
neutron
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
the positively charged dense center of an atom
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
Atom
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
nucleus (atom)
the positively charged dense center of an atom
43 terms
Chemistry of Life
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and N…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and N…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
21 terms
Chemistry of Life
Amino Acids
Carbohydrate
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
Building blocks for proteins
Main source of energy made of mono and polysaccharides
Insulates and stores energy and vitamins.
DNA, RNA
Amino Acids
Building blocks for proteins
Carbohydrate
Main source of energy made of mono and polysaccharides
34 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Element
Compound
Basic unit of matter
the center of the atom
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
the center of the atom
Chemistry for Life.
Matter
Atoms
Nucleus
Protons
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Makes up all solids liquids and gases. Smallest particle of a…
Center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
Inside the nucleus of and atom. POSITIVE CHARGE!!!
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atoms
Makes up all solids liquids and gases. Smallest particle of a…
33 terms
Chemistry of life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter
one particular type of atom that cannot be broken into a simp…
is substance made up of atoms of different elements bonded to…
an atom that has gained of lost one or more electrons
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
element
one particular type of atom that cannot be broken into a simp…
The Chemistry of Life
Atoms
Element
Molecule/Compound
Organic Compound
Everything, living and nonliving is made up of these.
A single type of atom
A combination of different types of atoms
Molecules found in living things. Contain the element carbon.
Atoms
Everything, living and nonliving is made up of these.
Element
A single type of atom
29 terms
Chemistry of Life
Photosynthesis
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
The process by which green plants and algae use radiant energ…
The name given to monomers and polymers of aldehydes and keto…
A carbohydrate consisting of one sugar unit; also called simp…
A carbohydrate formed from two monosaccharide units; table su…
Photosynthesis
The process by which green plants and algae use radiant energ…
Carbohydrates
The name given to monomers and polymers of aldehydes and keto…
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Isotope
Compound
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
A substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more…
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Element
A pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Chemistry of Life
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Anything that takes up space and has mass
definite volume and shape
definite volume, no definite shape
no definite volume or shape
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Solid
definite volume and shape
24 terms
Chemistry of Life
Polar
Non-polar
Acid
Base
A molecule with different charges (+,-) at opposite ends. Wha…
Molecule that does not have a positively charged end and a ne…
any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste an…
any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning lit…
Polar
A molecule with different charges (+,-) at opposite ends. Wha…
Non-polar
Molecule that does not have a positively charged end and a ne…
23 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
element
compound
ion
Smallest unit of life
One type of atom
made of atoms of different elements
an atom that has gained or loss one or more electrons and now…
Atom
Smallest unit of life
element
One type of atom
33 terms
The Chemistry of Life
isotopes
ionic
covalent
polar
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from o…
bond formed when electrons are shared between atoms
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
isotopes
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
ionic
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from o…
Chemistry of Life WHS
Atom
Element
Valence Electrons
Compound
Smallest unit of matter
Can't be broken down to a simpler substance. (One type of atom)
Electrons found in the outermost shell of an atom
A substance made up of two or more different atoms
Atom
Smallest unit of matter
Element
Can't be broken down to a simpler substance. (One type of atom)
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Elements
Compound
Ions
matter that exist in small units
a piece of matter made up of only one type of atom
are a result of atoms of different elements combining to form…
an atom with a charge
Atom
matter that exist in small units
Elements
a piece of matter made up of only one type of atom
28 terms
Chemistry Of Life
Atom
Element
Ionic Bond
Molecule
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
A group of atoms bonded together
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
nucleus
electron
isotope
Basic unit of matter
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
21 terms
Chemistry of Life
Cell Theory (3 things)
What are differences between eukaryoti…
Animals, Fungus and Plants?
Prokaryotic cell - parts
♣ 1. Cells are the fundamental unit of life ... ♣ 2. All living…
-Prokaryotic cells don't have ANY membrane-bound organelles (…
All eukaryotic
1. Cytoplasm 2. Ribosomes 3. Cell membrane 4. Empty DNA (squi…
Cell Theory (3 things)
♣ 1. Cells are the fundamental unit of life ... ♣ 2. All living…
What are differences between eukaryoti…
-Prokaryotic cells don't have ANY membrane-bound organelles (…
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Inorganic compounds
Organic compounds
Chemical bonds
smallest unit of matter possessing properties of a chemical e…
do not contain carbon and hydrogen in the same molecule
contain carbon and hydrogen in the same molecule and carbon c…
forces that hold atoms together in molecules; stores energy
Atom
smallest unit of matter possessing properties of a chemical e…
Inorganic compounds
do not contain carbon and hydrogen in the same molecule
30 terms
Chemistry of Life
hydrogen bond
covalent bond
polar molecule
hydroxide ions (OH-)
weak bond created when the hydrogen of one water molecule is…
bond created when electrons are shared
has a partial positive charge on one end and a partial negati…
base
hydrogen bond
weak bond created when the hydrogen of one water molecule is…
covalent bond
bond created when electrons are shared
12 terms
Chemistry of Life
atoms
elements
molecule
compound
The smallest part of an element.
substances made up of only one type of atom.
The smallest part of a compound.
Two or more elements chemically combined to form a new substa…
atoms
The smallest part of an element.
elements
substances made up of only one type of atom.
11 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
element
molecule
compound
Smallest particle of an element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A group of atoms bonded together
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
atom
Smallest particle of an element
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
59 terms
Chemistry of Life
Nucleus
Subatomic Particle
Proton
Electron
small, dense positively charged center of an atom
particles that make up an atom such as the proton, neutron, a…
positively charged subatomic particle located in the nucleus…
negatively charged subatomic particle found in an area outsid…
Nucleus
small, dense positively charged center of an atom
Subatomic Particle
particles that make up an atom such as the proton, neutron, a…
13 terms
Chemistry of Life
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Atom
Proton
a bond where atoms share one or more pairs of electrons in or…
a bond where one atom loses one or more electrons to another…
the basic unit of a chemical element. Consists of protons, ne…
sub-atomic particle that resides in the nucleus of an atom. H…
Covalent Bond
a bond where atoms share one or more pairs of electrons in or…
Ionic Bond
a bond where one atom loses one or more electrons to another…
14 terms
Chemistry of Life
Polymers
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
large molecules composed of many identical subunits called mo…
(mono means 1) smallest type of carbohydrate molecule. Exampl…
(di means 2) a carbohydrate molecule mad up of two monosaccha…
(poly means many) carbohydrate polymers made up of hundreds t…
Polymers
large molecules composed of many identical subunits called mo…
monosaccharides
(mono means 1) smallest type of carbohydrate molecule. Exampl…
Chemistry of life
atom
nucleus
electron
element
Smallest unit of matter
Center of atom
A negatively charged particle
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
Smallest unit of matter
nucleus
Center of atom
19 terms
Chemistry of Life
acid
atom
base
carbohydrate
a substance with a pH below 7
smallest particle of matter
a substance with a pH above 7
biomolecule made of simple sugars; commonly found in bread
acid
a substance with a pH below 7
atom
smallest particle of matter
The Chemistry of Life
polar
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
an attraction between molecules of the same substance
an attraction between molecules of different substances
a material composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
polar
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
cohesion
an attraction between molecules of the same substance
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
nucleus
electron
isotope
The smallest form of an element that still displays its parti…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Atom
The smallest form of an element that still displays its parti…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
25 terms
Chemistry of Life
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Lipid
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A macromolecule that provides quick energy and energy storage…
A macromolecule that provides energy storage, makes up cell m…
Monomer
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
27 terms
the chemistry of life
covalent bond
proton
ionic bond
electron
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
covalent bond
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
The Chemistry of Life, Part II
Mixture
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Material composed of two or more elements (physically mixed b…
Type of mixture in which all the components are evenly distri…
Dissolving substance in a solution.
Substance that is dissolved in a solution
Mixture
Material composed of two or more elements (physically mixed b…
Solution
Type of mixture in which all the components are evenly distri…
15 terms
Chemistry of Life
Element
Compound
Covalent Bonds
Molecule
Substance that is made of only one type of atom.
Substance comprised of two of more elements.
Formed by the sharing of electrons among atoms.
Smallest unit of most compounds.
Element
Substance that is made of only one type of atom.
Compound
Substance comprised of two of more elements.
22 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
Element
Compound
Molecule
the smallest unit of an element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces
atom
the smallest unit of an element
Element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
Chemistry of Life, Part I
Atom
Electron
Proton
Neutron
The basic unit of matter.
a negatively charged particle.
a positively charged particle.
an electrically neutral particle.
Atom
The basic unit of matter.
Electron
a negatively charged particle.
Chemistry of Life, Part III
Monomer
Carbohydrate
Substrate
Nucleotide
A small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.
Reactant of an enzyme reaction
Monomer of nucleic acids, a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group…
Monomer
A small chemical unit that makes up a polymer.
Carbohydrate
Compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.
Chemistry of Life
Matter
weight
Element
Atomic number
any single thing that has mass and takes up space
is the force of gravity acting on a mass
substances that cant be broken down chemically into simpler k…
number of protons ; number of electrons
Matter
any single thing that has mass and takes up space
weight
is the force of gravity acting on a mass
18 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
molecule
compound
electron
atom
molecule
25 terms
The Chemistry of Life
Matter
Model
Element
Molecules
Anything that has mass and takes up space
An explanation or representative of something that cannot be…
A collection of atoms that all have the same number of protons
Chemicals that result from atoms linking together
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Model
An explanation or representative of something that cannot be…
15 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
3 Common Elements
Compound
A particle of matter
Something made up of one type of atom
Carbon, Oxygen and Hydrogen
Made up of two or more elements
Atom
A particle of matter
Element
Something made up of one type of atom
75 terms
The Chemistry of Life
Element
Isotopes
Compound
Ionic Bond
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
Substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
One or more electrons are transferred from one atom to anothe…
Element
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Isotopes
Atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
8 terms
Chemistry of Life
protein
carbohydrate
Nucleic Acids
Lipids
amino acid
simple sugars
Nucleotides
Glycerol and Fatty Acids
protein
amino acid
carbohydrate
simple sugars
6 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Active Site
Activation Energy
Neutron
the most basic building block of matter
the specific place where a substrate binds to an enzyme
the minimum amount of energy needed for a chemical reaction t…
a particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus
Atom
the most basic building block of matter
Active Site
the specific place where a substrate binds to an enzyme
13 terms
The Chemistry of Life
amino acid
carbohydrate
lipid
monomer
compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group…
compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:2:1 r…
a polymer, such as fats and oils, composed of mostly carbon a…
a small unit that joins with other small units to form polymers
amino acid
compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group…
carbohydrate
compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:2:1 r…
Chemistry of Life
C
N
H
O
Carbon
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Oxygen
C
Carbon
N
Nitrogen
Chemistry of Life
Elements in carbohydrates
Elements in lipids
Elements in proteins
dehydration synthesis
CHO
CHO
CHON
Forming a bond by removing a water molecule
Elements in carbohydrates
CHO
Elements in lipids
CHO
Chemistry of Life
acid
anion
atoms
base
has a high concentration of hydrogen ions
an ion with a negative charge
a unit of matter that is the smallest part of an element
has a high concentration of hydroxyl ions
acid
has a high concentration of hydrogen ions
anion
an ion with a negative charge
30 terms
chemistry of life
hypothesis
scientific method
independent variable
control
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
a method of procedure that has characterized natural science,…
a variable that is intentionally changed to observe its effec…
to test or verify by a parallel experiment or other standard…
hypothesis
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
scientific method
a method of procedure that has characterized natural science,…
11 terms
Chemistry of life
chemical compound
reactivity
valence electrons
a chemical combination of two or more atoms or elements
an element's ability or tendency to combine with another elem…
the electrons found in the outer energy level of an atom
chemical compound
a chemical combination of two or more atoms or elements
reactivity
an element's ability or tendency to combine with another elem…
19 terms
Chemistry of Life
Lipid
Protein
Nucleotide
DNA
A nonpolar, insoluable organic compound that is used to store…
An organic compound that is used to carry out chemical reacti…
The building block of nucleic acids DNA and RNA
A type of nucleic acid that has a double strand and deoxyribo…
Lipid
A nonpolar, insoluable organic compound that is used to store…
Protein
An organic compound that is used to carry out chemical reacti…
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