# Study sets matching "chemistry mcat general"

Solving for the energy of a quanta

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

Solving for energy of an electron

Solving for the electromagnetic energy…

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

E= - (Rh/n^2)... Rh=Rydberg unit of energy... 2.18 x 10^-18 J/elect…

E=hc/λ... -h (Planck's constant): 6.626 x 10^-34 Jxs... -c (speed o…

Solving for the energy of a quanta

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

Rate Law

by summing the exponents of associated…

reactant concentrations make up the rat…

make one reactant concentration constan…

An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing t…

how do you determine the overall rate for a reaction?

what role do product and reactant concentrations play in the r…

how are reaction rates experimentally measured?

Rate Law

An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing t…

by summing the exponents of associated…

how do you determine the overall rate for a reaction?

What is the approximate mass of a proto…

What is the atomic number of an element…

What does the mass number of an element…

What is an isotope?

One atomic mass unit (amu)

The number of protons found in an atom of that element

The sum of protons and neutrons in the atom's nucleus.

Atoms that share an atomic number but have different mass numb…

What is the approximate mass of a proto…

One atomic mass unit (amu)

What is the atomic number of an element…

The number of protons found in an atom of that element

Atomic mass

Atomic number

If you change the number of protons in…

Orbitals

The sum of an atoms protons and neutrons

The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom

Change protons---> different molecule... Change neutrons---> isot…

regions around the nucleus in which given electron or electron…

Atomic mass

The sum of an atoms protons and neutrons

Atomic number

The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom

STP

Ideal Gas Law

At STP, 1 mol of gas will occupy ...

Characteristics of an Ideal Gas

0°C and 1 atm

PV = nRT

22.4 L

1. Gas molecules have zero volume... 2. Gas molecules exert no fo…

STP

0°C and 1 atm

Ideal Gas Law

PV = nRT

Absolute Zero

Absorption Spectrum

Acid

Acid Dissociation Constant (Ka)

The temperature at which all substances have no thermal energy…

The series of discrete lines at characteristic frequencies rep…

A species that donates hydrogen ions or accepts electrons--Lew…

The equilibrium constant that measures the degree of dissociat…

Absolute Zero

The temperature at which all substances have no thermal energy…

Absorption Spectrum

The series of discrete lines at characteristic frequencies rep…

Alpha particle

Beta + decay

Beta - decay

Electron capture

Helium-4 atom (2neutrons and 2protons)

Conversion of proton to neutron and emission of positron (anti…

Coverts neutron to proton and a B- particle (electron) which i…

Capture of electron from closest valence shell and then used t…

Alpha particle

Helium-4 atom (2neutrons and 2protons)

Beta + decay

Conversion of proton to neutron and emission of positron (anti…

protons

neutron

electron

atomic number

has a positive charge and mass around 1 amu

has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

has a negative charge and negligible mass

the number of protons in a given element

protons

has a positive charge and mass around 1 amu

neutron

has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

Planck Relation (frequency)

Avagadro's Number

Planck's Constant

Angular Momentum of an electron (Bohr M…

E = hf

6.02x10^23

6.6 * 10^-34 joule/sec

L=(n·h/2·π)

Planck Relation (frequency)

E = hf

Avagadro's Number

6.02x10^23

Solving for the energy of a quanta

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

Solving for energy of an electron

Solving for the electromagnetic energy…

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

E= - (Rh/n^2)... Rh=Rydberg unit of energy... 2.18 x 10^-18 J/elect…

E=hc/λ... -h (Planck's constant): 6.626 x 10^-34 Jxs... -c (speed o…

Solving for the energy of a quanta

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

What is the approximate mass of a proto…

What is the atomic number of an element…

What does the mass number of an element…

What is an isotope?

One atomic mass unit (amu)

The number of protons found in an atom of that element

The sum of protons and neutrons in the atom's nucleus.

Atoms that share an atomic number but have different mass numb…

What is the approximate mass of a proto…

One atomic mass unit (amu)

What is the atomic number of an element…

The number of protons found in an atom of that element

Proton

Neutron

Electron

Nucleus

subatomic particle... has a positive charge and a mass around 1…

subatomic particle... has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

subatomic particle... has a negative charge and negligible mass

contains the protons and neutrons... electrons move around it

Proton

subatomic particle... has a positive charge and a mass around 1…

Neutron

subatomic particle... has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

Work equation

The First Law of Thermodynamics

The Reaction Quotient

The Average Kinetic energy of a single…

(constant pressure)

Work equation

(constant pressure)

The First Law of Thermodynamics

Rate Law

by summing the exponents of associated…

reactant concentrations make up the rat…

make one reactant concentration constan…

An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing t…

how do you determine the overall rate for a reaction?

what role do product and reactant concentrations play in the r…

how are reaction rates experimentally measured?

Rate Law

An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing t…

by summing the exponents of associated…

how do you determine the overall rate for a reaction?

quantum numbers

electron configuration

periodic table trends

period trend definitions

N- energy level... I- (n-1) s,p,d,f... Mi- orbital... Ms- spin... Hunds=…

ionization energy= energy required to remove electron from gas…

quantum numbers

N- energy level... I- (n-1) s,p,d,f... Mi- orbital... Ms- spin... Hunds=…

electron configuration

Rate Law

Sublimation

Raoult's Law

Mass number

An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing t…

The phase change from a solid to a gas.

The vapor pressure of one component above a solution is propor…

The sum of the protons and neutrons in an element, denoted by…

Rate Law

An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing t…

Sublimation

The phase change from a solid to a gas.

Stereogenic centers

buffer

Strong acids

Strong bases

Stereogenic centers include chiral carbons and double-bonded c…

resist changes in pH, by neutralizing ... usually weak acid with…

completely dissociate ... HCl, HI, HBr, HClO4, HNO3, H2SO4

NaOH, KOH, MgOH2, CaOH2

Stereogenic centers

Stereogenic centers include chiral carbons and double-bonded c…

buffer

resist changes in pH, by neutralizing ... usually weak acid with…

protons

neutron

electron

atomic number

has a positive charge and mass around 1 amu

has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

has a negative charge and negligible mass

the number of protons in a given element

protons

has a positive charge and mass around 1 amu

neutron

has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

Atomic number

Mass number

Atomic mass

Isotopes

The number of protons in a given element

The sum of an element's protons and neutrons

Essentially equal to the mass number, the sum of an element's…

Atoms of a given element (same atomic number) that have differ…

Atomic number

The number of protons in a given element

Mass number

The sum of an element's protons and neutrons

Alpha particle

Beta + decay

Beta - decay

Electron capture

Helium-4 atom (2neutrons and 2protons)

Conversion of proton to neutron and emission of positron (anti…

Coverts neutron to proton and a B- particle (electron) which i…

Capture of electron from closest valence shell and then used t…

Alpha particle

Helium-4 atom (2neutrons and 2protons)

Beta + decay

Conversion of proton to neutron and emission of positron (anti…

Solving for the energy of a quanta

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

Solving for energy of an electron

Solving for the electromagnetic energy…

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

E= - (Rh/n^2)... Rh=Rydberg unit of energy... 2.18 x 10^-18 J/elect…

E=hc/λ... -h (Planck's constant): 6.626 x 10^-34 Jxs... -c (speed o…

Solving for the energy of a quanta

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

What is it called when the ion-dipole i…

What governs the electrical conductivit…

What's the difference between a strong…

What does Gibbs free energy mean?

This is called an electrolyte solution. The solutes enable the…

Whether or not there are ions. The concentration of ions in a…

strong electrolytes dissociate completely. ... weak electrolytes…

It determines whether or not a reaction will occur by itself w…

What is it called when the ion-dipole i…

This is called an electrolyte solution. The solutes enable the…

What governs the electrical conductivit…

Whether or not there are ions. The concentration of ions in a…

Prefix Chart

angstroms to meters

electron-volt

Trigonometric Functions

a unit used to express atomic dimensions 1 A= 10^-10 m

the energy given to an electron accelerated by a one volt pote…

Prefix Chart

angstroms to meters

a unit used to express atomic dimensions 1 A= 10^-10 m

Atomic weight

Mass number

Atomic number

Moles

the weighted average of the masses of the naturally occurring…

= # of protons + neutrons

= # of protons

units used to count particle, are represented by Avogadro's nu…

Atomic weight

the weighted average of the masses of the naturally occurring…

Mass number

= # of protons + neutrons

Acid

Acid dissociation constant

alkali metals

alkaline earth metals

Bronsetd= proton donating species ... Lewis= electoron acceptor

the equilibrium constant that measures the degree of dissociat…

elements found in the group 1A of the periodic table; highly r…

elements found in group 2A of the periodic table; chemistry is…

Acid

Bronsetd= proton donating species ... Lewis= electoron acceptor

Acid dissociation constant

the equilibrium constant that measures the degree of dissociat…