#### Study sets matching "chemistry mcat general"

#### Study sets matching "chemistry mcat general"

Solving for the energy of a quanta

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

Solving for energy of an electron

Solving for the electromagnetic energy…

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

E= - (Rh/n^2)... Rh=Rydberg unit of energy... 2.18 x 10^-18 J/elect…

E=hc/λ... -h (Planck's constant): 6.626 x 10^-34 Jxs... -c (speed o…

Solving for the energy of a quanta

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

What is the approximate mass of a proto…

What is the atomic number of an element…

What does the mass number of an element…

What is an isotope?

One atomic mass unit (amu)

The number of protons found in an atom of that element

The sum of protons and neutrons in the atom's nucleus.

Atoms that share an atomic number but have different mass numb…

What is the approximate mass of a proto…

One atomic mass unit (amu)

What is the atomic number of an element…

The number of protons found in an atom of that element

Rate Law

by summing the exponents of associated…

reactant concentrations make up the rat…

make one reactant concentration constan…

An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing t…

how do you determine the overall rate for a reaction?

what role do product and reactant concentrations play in the r…

how are reaction rates experimentally measured?

Rate Law

An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing t…

by summing the exponents of associated…

how do you determine the overall rate for a reaction?

Absolute Zero

Absorption Spectrum

Acid

Acid Dissociation Constant (Ka)

The temperature at which all substances have no thermal energy…

The series of discrete lines at characteristic frequencies rep…

A species that donates hydrogen ions or accepts electrons--Lew…

The equilibrium constant that measures the degree of dissociat…

Absolute Zero

The temperature at which all substances have no thermal energy…

Absorption Spectrum

The series of discrete lines at characteristic frequencies rep…

Atomic mass

Atomic number

If you change the number of protons in…

Orbitals

The sum of an atoms protons and neutrons

The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom

Change protons---> different molecule... Change neutrons---> isot…

regions around the nucleus in which given electron or electron…

Atomic mass

The sum of an atoms protons and neutrons

Atomic number

The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom

Alpha particle

Beta + decay

Beta - decay

Electron capture

Helium-4 atom (2neutrons and 2protons)

Conversion of proton to neutron and emission of positron (anti…

Coverts neutron to proton and a B- particle (electron) which i…

Capture of electron from closest valence shell and then used t…

Alpha particle

Helium-4 atom (2neutrons and 2protons)

Beta + decay

Conversion of proton to neutron and emission of positron (anti…

Atom (A & Z)

Strong Nuclear Force

Radioactive

Alpha Decay

A= Mass Number --> Z + N ... Z= Atomic Number --> # of Protons i…

Holds together the protons & neutrons in the nucleus ... Must ov…

Unstable Nuclei ... Undergo transformation to make more stable b…

Atom (A & Z)

A= Mass Number --> Z + N ... Z= Atomic Number --> # of Protons i…

Strong Nuclear Force

Holds together the protons & neutrons in the nucleus ... Must ov…

Solving for the energy of a quanta

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

Solving for energy of an electron

Solving for the electromagnetic energy…

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

E= - (Rh/n^2)... Rh=Rydberg unit of energy... 2.18 x 10^-18 J/elect…

E=hc/λ... -h (Planck's constant): 6.626 x 10^-34 Jxs... -c (speed o…

Solving for the energy of a quanta

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

protons

neutron

electron

atomic number

has a positive charge and mass around 1 amu

has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

has a negative charge and negligible mass

the number of protons in a given element

protons

has a positive charge and mass around 1 amu

neutron

has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

What is the approximate mass of a proto…

What is the atomic number of an element…

What does the mass number of an element…

What is an isotope?

One atomic mass unit (amu)

The number of protons found in an atom of that element

The sum of protons and neutrons in the atom's nucleus.

Atoms that share an atomic number but have different mass numb…

What is the approximate mass of a proto…

One atomic mass unit (amu)

What is the atomic number of an element…

The number of protons found in an atom of that element

Work equation

The First Law of Thermodynamics

The Reaction Quotient

The Average Kinetic energy of a single…

(constant pressure)

Work equation

(constant pressure)

The First Law of Thermodynamics

quantum numbers

electron configuration

periodic table trends

period trend definitions

N- energy level... I- (n-1) s,p,d,f... Mi- orbital... Ms- spin... Hunds=…

ionization energy= energy required to remove electron from gas…

quantum numbers

N- energy level... I- (n-1) s,p,d,f... Mi- orbital... Ms- spin... Hunds=…

electron configuration

Atomic number Z

Isotopes

Mass number A

Atomic number

The number of protons in a nucleus, also equivalent to the num…

Atoms of a single element that vary in number of neutrons

The combined number of protons (Z) and neutrons in a nucleus (…

In shorthand superscript/subscript notation of atomic elements…

Atomic number Z

The number of protons in a nucleus, also equivalent to the num…

Isotopes

Atoms of a single element that vary in number of neutrons

Stereogenic centers

buffer

Strong acids

Strong bases

Stereogenic centers include chiral carbons and double-bonded c…

resist changes in pH, by neutralizing ... usually weak acid with…

completely dissociate ... HCl, HI, HBr, HClO4, HNO3, H2SO4

NaOH, KOH, MgOH2, CaOH2

Stereogenic centers

Stereogenic centers include chiral carbons and double-bonded c…

buffer

resist changes in pH, by neutralizing ... usually weak acid with…

STP

Ideal Gas Law

At STP, 1 mol of gas will occupy ...

Characteristics of an Ideal Gas

0°C and 1 atm

PV = nRT

22.4 L

1. Gas molecules have zero volume... 2. Gas molecules exert no fo…

STP

0°C and 1 atm

Ideal Gas Law

PV = nRT

Electrochemistry

What reactions generate the greatest ch…

Oxidation state of oxygen (usually)?

Exceptions to the oxidation state of ox…

addresses chemical reactions that involve electron transfer

Oxidation-reduction reactions

-2

Molecular oxygen where it is 0, and peroxides where it is -1

Electrochemistry

addresses chemical reactions that involve electron transfer

What reactions generate the greatest ch…

Oxidation-reduction reactions

protons

neutron

electron

atomic number

has a positive charge and mass around 1 amu

has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

has a negative charge and negligible mass

the number of protons in a given element

protons

has a positive charge and mass around 1 amu

neutron

has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

protons

neutron

electron

atomic number

has a positive charge and mass around 1 amu

has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

has a negative charge and negligible mass

the number of protons in a given element

protons

has a positive charge and mass around 1 amu

neutron

has no charge and a mass around 1 amu

Alpha particle

Beta + decay

Beta - decay

Electron capture

Helium-4 atom (2neutrons and 2protons)

Conversion of proton to neutron and emission of positron (anti…

Coverts neutron to proton and a B- particle (electron) which i…

Capture of electron from closest valence shell and then used t…

Alpha particle

Helium-4 atom (2neutrons and 2protons)

Beta + decay

Conversion of proton to neutron and emission of positron (anti…

Atomic number

Mass number

Atomic mass

Isotopes

The number of protons in a given element

The sum of an element's protons and neutrons

Essentially equal to the mass number, the sum of an element's…

Atoms of a given element (same atomic number) that have differ…

Atomic number

The number of protons in a given element

Mass number

The sum of an element's protons and neutrons

What is it called when the ion-dipole i…

What governs the electrical conductivit…

What's the difference between a strong…

What does Gibbs free energy mean?

This is called an electrolyte solution. The solutes enable the…

Whether or not there are ions. The concentration of ions in a…

strong electrolytes dissociate completely. ... weak electrolytes…

It determines whether or not a reaction will occur by itself w…

What is it called when the ion-dipole i…

This is called an electrolyte solution. The solutes enable the…

What governs the electrical conductivit…

Whether or not there are ions. The concentration of ions in a…

Rate Law

Sublimation

Raoult's Law

Mass number

An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing t…

The phase change from a solid to a gas.

The vapor pressure of one component above a solution is propor…

The sum of the protons and neutrons in an element, denoted by…

Rate Law

An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing t…

Sublimation

The phase change from a solid to a gas.

Solving for the energy of a quanta

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

Solving for energy of an electron

Solving for the electromagnetic energy…

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

E= - (Rh/n^2)... Rh=Rydberg unit of energy... 2.18 x 10^-18 J/elect…

E=hc/λ... -h (Planck's constant): 6.626 x 10^-34 Jxs... -c (speed o…

Solving for the energy of a quanta

-Use Planck's equation... -E=hf... -Planck's constant: h= 6.626 x…

Solving for angular momentum of an elec…

L=nh/2π... -n=principal quantum number... -h=planck's constant (6.6…

Prefix Chart

angstroms to meters

electron-volt

Trigonometric Functions

a unit used to express atomic dimensions 1 A= 10^-10 m

the energy given to an electron accelerated by a one volt pote…

Prefix Chart

angstroms to meters

a unit used to express atomic dimensions 1 A= 10^-10 m

STP

Ideal Gas Law

At STP, 1 mol of gas will occupy ...

Characteristics of an Ideal Gas

0°C and 1 atm

PV = nRT

22.4 L

1. Gas molecules have zero volume... 2. Gas molecules exert no fo…

STP

0°C and 1 atm

Ideal Gas Law

PV = nRT