Study sets matching "chemistry of life"

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Study sets matching "chemistry of life"

60 terms
The Chemistry of Life
polymer
monomer
carbohydrates
protein
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
A polymer made of monomers called sugars or monossacharides.…
Macromolecules made by linking together monomers called amino…
polymer
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
monomer
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
7 terms
Chemistry of Life
enzyme
polar
solute
solvent
a protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
a pair of equal and opposite charges
dissolved particles in a solution
substance that does the dissolving
enzyme
a protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
polar
a pair of equal and opposite charges
88 terms
The Chemistry of Life
2 Parts to an atom
Element
Isotopes
Compound
1.) Nucleus (made up of protons and neutrons)... 2.) Shell (made…
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
Substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
2 Parts to an atom
1.) Nucleus (made up of protons and neutrons)... 2.) Shell (made…
Element
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
32 terms
Chemistry of Life
atoms
protons
neutrons
electrons
building blocks of matter
positively charged particles found in the nucleus of an atom
particles found in the nucleus of an atom with no charge
negatively charged particles found in a cloud around the nucl…
atoms
building blocks of matter
protons
positively charged particles found in the nucleus of an atom
32 terms
Chemistry of Life
All Living things... (think DNA)
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
All living things... (think stimulus)
All living things... (think "small but…
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
Grow and Develop.
Respond to their Environment.
Are made up of Cells.
All Living things... (think DNA)
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
Grow and Develop.
86 terms
Chemistry of Life
acid
anion
atoms
base
has a high concentration of hydrogen ions
an ion with a negative charge
a unit of matter that is the smallest part of an element
has a high concentration of hydroxyl ions
acid
has a high concentration of hydrogen ions
anion
an ion with a negative charge
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting in the transfer of an electron
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
The Chemistry of Life
subatomic particles
nucleus (atomic)
proton
neutron
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
positively-charged subatomic particle; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particle with no charge; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
nucleus (atomic)
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
34 terms
Chemistry of Life
All Living things... (think DNA)
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
All living things... (think stimulus)
All living things... (think "small but…
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
Grow and Develop.
Respond to their Environment.
Are made up of Cells.
All Living things... (think DNA)
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
Grow and Develop.
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Su…
Lipids, Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids,…
Fats
Sugar
6 elements of life
4 molecules of life
Lipids common name
Carbohydrates common name
Carbon, Nitrogen, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Su…
6 elements of life
Lipids, Carbohydrates, Nucleic Acids,…
4 molecules of life
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
Chemistry of Life
C
N
H
O
Carbon
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Oxygen
C
Carbon
N
Nitrogen
Chemistry of Life
C
N
H
O
Carbon
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Oxygen
C
Carbon
N
Nitrogen
14 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
atomic number
chemical reaction
compound
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A pure substance made of two or more elements CHEMICALLY comb…
atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
25 terms
Chemistry of Life
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
water
water is a polar compound
thermal
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
The most abundant compound found in living things
oxygen has a slight negative charge, hydrogens have a slight…
Water heats and cools slower than most liquids
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
water
The most abundant compound found in living things
15 terms
Chemistry of Life
matter
energy
atom
molecule
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Ability to cause change or do work
Smallest particle of an element
A group of atoms bonded together
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
energy
Ability to cause change or do work
Chemistry of Life
Aldehyde
Ketone
Alcohol
Ether
Aldehyde
Ketone
53 terms
The Chemistry of Life
subatomic particles
nucleus (atomic)
proton
neutron
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
positively-charged subatomic particle; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particle with no charge; mass of 1 amu
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons; make up atoms
nucleus (atomic)
neutrons and protons at the center of the atom, which are hel…
44 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus (of an atom)
electron
element
The basic unit of matter
the center of the atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
A negatively charged particle located outside the nucleus of…
A pure substance made up of only one type of atom; there are…
atom
The basic unit of matter
nucleus (of an atom)
the center of the atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
33 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
fundamental unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom.
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained (- charge) or lost (+ charge) one or mor…
atom
fundamental unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom.
40 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
22 terms
Unit 1 - The Chemistry of Life
isotope
ionic bond
covalent bond
polar
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
bonds formed when electrons are shared between atoms
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
isotope
atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons
ionic bond
bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from…
35 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Protons
Neutrons
Basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, electrons
A positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
A neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Subatomic Particles
protons, neutrons, electrons
The Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Ions
Covalent Bonds
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
electrons between atoms are shared (electronegativities of th…
electrons are shared equally
Ionic Bonds
formed between 2 atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
Ions
positively or negatively charged atoms that have gained or lo…
59 terms
Chemistry of Life
Matter
Everything
Mass
Weight
anything that takes up space
__________ in the universe is made of matter
Quantity of matter
pull of gravity on an object
Matter
anything that takes up space
Everything
__________ in the universe is made of matter
27 terms
Chemistry of Life
Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Elements SHARE electrons to form a compound
Electrons are TRANSFERRED from one atom to another to form bo…
The number of protons in an atomic nucleus
Aka the mass #. The total # of neutrons + total # of protons
Ionic Bonds
Elements SHARE electrons to form a compound
Covalent Bonds
Electrons are TRANSFERRED from one atom to another to form bo…
5 terms
Chemistry Of Life
Organic Compounds
carbon
chain structure
branched chain
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
in every organic compound
in a line
in all directions
Organic Compounds
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
carbon
in every organic compound
Chemistry of Life
atom
molecule
lipid
protein
the basic unit of a chemical element
a group of atoms that are held together by a chemical bond (w…
a fat molecule (oils, waxes, steroids); store energy for the…
a molecule made up of smaller molecules called amino acids; u…
atom
the basic unit of a chemical element
molecule
a group of atoms that are held together by a chemical bond (w…
53 terms
The Chemistry of Life
polymer
monomer
carbohydrates
protein
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
A polymer made of monomers called sugars or monossacharides.…
Macromolecules made by linking together monomers called amino…
polymer
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
monomer
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
The Chemistry of Life
atom
isotope
ionic bond
ion
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between opposit…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
isotope
An atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
20 terms
Chemistry of Life
Polarity
Cohesion
Hydrogen Bond
Adhesion
Having oppositely charged sides
Water molecule sticking to another water molecule
Forms between the oxygen of one water molecule and the hydrog…
Water molecules sticking to other polar substances
Polarity
Having oppositely charged sides
Cohesion
Water molecule sticking to another water molecule
40 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Chemistry of Life
All Living things... (think DNA)
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
All living things... (think stimulus)
All living things... (think "small but…
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
Grow and Develop.
Respond to their Environment.
Are made up of Cells.
All Living things... (think DNA)
are based on a Universal Genetic Code.
All living things... (think "tiny seed…
Grow and Develop.
33 terms
Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
fundamental unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom.
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained (- charge) or lost (+ charge) one or mor…
atom
fundamental unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom.
The Chemistry of Life
polymer
monomer
carbohydrates
protein
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
A polymer made of monomers called sugars or monossacharides.…
Macromolecules made by linking together monomers called amino…
polymer
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
monomer
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
30 terms
Chemistry of Life
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
water
water is a polar compound
cohesive
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
The most abundant compound found in living things
oxygen has a slight negative charge, hydrogens have a slight…
Water sticks to itself - creates surface tension
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
water
The most abundant compound found in living things
12 terms
Chemistry of Life
CHNOPS
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
Common elements, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphor…
quick energy source, composed of monosaccarides; includes sug…
carbohydrate made up of a single sugar unit Ex. glucose, fruc…
a carbohydrate containing three or more monosaccharide molecu…
CHNOPS
Common elements, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphor…
carbohydrate
quick energy source, composed of monosaccarides; includes sug…
29 terms
Chemistry of Life
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
water
water is a polar compound
cohesive
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
The most abundant compound found in living things
oxygen has a slight negative charge, hydrogens have a slight…
Water sticks to itself - creates surface tension
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
The 4 most abundant elements found in living things.
water
The most abundant compound found in living things
Chemistry of Life
Protein
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Nucleic acids
Protein
Carbohydrates
34 terms
Chemistry of LIfe
glucose
cellulose
glycogen
dehydration synthesis
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
polysaccharide that is energy storage in animals
forming a larger molecule by removing water
glucose
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
cellulose
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
43 terms
Chemistry of Life
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and N…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and N…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
18 terms
Chemistry of Life
C
N
H
O
Carbon
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Oxygen
C
Carbon
N
Nitrogen
21 terms
Chemistry of Life
Amino Acids
Carbohydrate
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
Building blocks for proteins
Main source of energy made of mono and polysaccharides
Insulates and stores energy and vitamins.
DNA, RNA
Amino Acids
Building blocks for proteins
Carbohydrate
Main source of energy made of mono and polysaccharides
34 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Element
Compound
Basic unit of matter
the center of the atom
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
the center of the atom
Chemistry of Life
Chemistry (definition)
Why is Water Important?
Specific Heat
Solvent
the study of matter - its composition, structure, properties,…
Major component of cells, where chemical reactions take place
How quickly something heats up / cools down. Water has a HIGH…
Substance that dissolves other substances. Water is a good so…
Chemistry (definition)
the study of matter - its composition, structure, properties,…
Why is Water Important?
Major component of cells, where chemical reactions take place
44 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Chemistry of Life WHS
Atom
Element
Valence Electrons
Compound
Smallest unit of matter
Can't be broken down to a simpler substance. (One type of atom)
Electrons found in the outermost shell of an atom
A substance made up of two or more different atoms
Atom
Smallest unit of matter
Element
Can't be broken down to a simpler substance. (One type of atom)
34 terms
Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Proton
A unit of matter, the smallest unit of an element, having all…
The positively charged central region of an atom, composed of…
A very small subatomic particle having negative electric char…
A positively charged subatomic particle that makes up all or…
Atom
A unit of matter, the smallest unit of an element, having all…
Nucleus
The positively charged central region of an atom, composed of…
34 terms
The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
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