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Study sets matching "chemistry periodic table atomic"

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Study sets matching "chemistry periodic table atomic"

Chemistry- Atoms and the Periodic Table
Democritus
Dalton
Thomson
Rutherford
Greek Philosopher- suggested atoms-- called "atoms" meaning d…
atoms of the same element are the same
charge of atoms-- plum pudding model
discovered nucleus in gold foil experiment
Democritus
Greek Philosopher- suggested atoms-- called "atoms" meaning d…
Dalton
atoms of the same element are the same
48 terms
Chemistry: Atomic Structure and The Periodic Table
Law of Conservation of Mass
Atomic Mass Unit
atomic number
average atomic mass
Matter is neither created nor destroyed
A unit of mass that describes the mass of an atom or molecule…
Number of protons in an atom
weighted average of the atomic masses for the isotopes of an…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Atomic Mass Unit
A unit of mass that describes the mass of an atom or molecule…
37 terms
Chemistry: The Atom & The Periodic Table
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
atom
atomic number
group 1A; a vertical column--1st column
group 2A; vertical column--2nd column
smallest particle of an element that still has the properties…
the # of protons in the nucleus of an atom, which also = the…
alkali metals
group 1A; a vertical column--1st column
alkaline earth metals
group 2A; vertical column--2nd column
32 terms
Atoms, Periodic Table, and Chemistry
atoms
elements
protons
neutrons
basic building blocks
pure substances
positively charged particles in the nucleus of the atom
neutral or no charge particles in the nucleus of the atom
atoms
basic building blocks
elements
pure substances
34 terms
Chemistry - Atoms & periodic table
Atomic (proton) number
Mass (nucleon) number
Ion
Avogadro Constant
Number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Number of particles (protons + neutrons) in the nucleus
Positively or negatively charge atom or (covalently bonded) g…
The number of atoms per mole (6.02 X 1023 mol⁻¹)
Atomic (proton) number
Number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Mass (nucleon) number
Number of particles (protons + neutrons) in the nucleus
20 terms
Periodic table and atoms - Chemistry
another name for an orbit
what charge do electrons have
what charge do neutrons have
what charge do protons have
energy levels
negative
none
positive
another name for an orbit
energy levels
what charge do electrons have
negative
19 terms
Atomic Chemistry and the Periodic Table
Atom
Neutron
Proton
Electron
Basic unit of matter
A neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
A positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Neutron
A neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
26 terms
Chemistry: atoms and the periodic table
It is the atomic number and it shows y…
Subtract the atomic number from the at…
+1
0
In a cell in the periodic table what is the number on the bot…
How do you find the number of neutrons?
What is the charge of a proton?
What is the charge of neutron?
It is the atomic number and it shows y…
In a cell in the periodic table what is the number on the bot…
Subtract the atomic number from the at…
How do you find the number of neutrons?
65 terms
Chemistry 1 - Atoms and the Periodic Table
The "Periodic Table" we use today has…
What are the vertical columns called?…
What are the rows called?
Which element has three (3) electrons?
Increasing Atomic Numbers
Families or Groups
Periods
Lithium (Li)
The "Periodic Table" we use today has…
Increasing Atomic Numbers
What are the vertical columns called?…
Families or Groups
10 terms
chemistry (atoms/periodic table ****)
amu
Z
A
Atomic number
atomic mass unit = 0.00000000000000000000000166g ( to the -24 )
atomic number
mass number
gives element it's identity... same as electrons and protons
amu
atomic mass unit = 0.00000000000000000000000166g ( to the -24 )
Z
atomic number
Chemistry (The Periodic Table & Atoms)
What charge does a Proton have?
What charge does a Neutron have?
What charge does an Electron have?
What is SO4 2 minus?
+1
0
-1
Sulphate
What charge does a Proton have?
+1
What charge does a Neutron have?
0
8 terms
chemistry - atoms and periodic table
loss of electron
gaining an electron
iron
mass number
positively charged
negatively charged
forming a whole outer shell
protons and neutrons
loss of electron
positively charged
gaining an electron
negatively charged
19 terms
Chemistry: Periodic Table & The Atom
Democritus
Lavoisier
Proust
Dalton
believed matter was not infinite, but composed of smaller par…
first to provide a quantitative analysis of chemical processe…
showed the proportion of weights of the elements from compoun…
Came up with the atomic theory
Democritus
believed matter was not infinite, but composed of smaller par…
Lavoisier
first to provide a quantitative analysis of chemical processe…
25 terms
Chemistry (Atoms and periodic table)
Democritus
John Dalton
Atom
Molecules
Greece 4th century BCE. He was the first to use the term "ato…
England 1808, he proposed the first atomic theory based on sc…
The smallest part of an element that still has the element's…
Made up with atoms
Democritus
Greece 4th century BCE. He was the first to use the term "ato…
John Dalton
England 1808, he proposed the first atomic theory based on sc…
29 terms
Chemistry( periodic table and atoms)
Matter is made of what?
What are atoms mainly?
What are the three smaller particles f…
Where are protons and neutrons found?
Atoms
Empty space
Protons neutrons electrons
In nucleus
Matter is made of what?
Atoms
What are atoms mainly?
Empty space
44 terms
Chemistry- Atoms & Periodic Table
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Rutherford
Dalton
mass is neither created nor destroyed during ordinary chemica…
a chemical compound contains the same elements in exactly the…
discovered the nucleus with positive alpha particles, nucleus…
proposed 5 reasons to explain the 3 Laws of Chemical Combinat…
Law of Conservation of Mass
mass is neither created nor destroyed during ordinary chemica…
Law of Definite Proportions
a chemical compound contains the same elements in exactly the…
42 terms
Chemistry Atoms and periodic table
Democritus
Dalton
Daltons atomic theory
John dalton
•greek philosopher... •idea of democracy... •idea of "atomos" ... Atom…
•English school teacher... •stated that elements consisted of ti…
1. All matter consists of tiny particles. Dalton, like the Gr…
Law of conservation of mass
Democritus
•greek philosopher... •idea of democracy... •idea of "atomos" ... Atom…
Dalton
•English school teacher... •stated that elements consisted of ti…
32 terms
Chemistry: Atom and Periodic Table
Group 1
Group 2
Group 7
Group 8
Alkali Metals
Alkaline earth metals
Halogens
Noble gases
Group 1
Alkali Metals
Group 2
Alkaline earth metals
14 terms
Chemistry/Periodic table/Atoms
Atomic Number
Carbon atoms
Carbon-14
Mass number
The number of protons.
All have 6 protons, so the atomic number is 6.
Carbon-14 is a form of radioactive carbon that's used to figu…
Number of neutrons + Number of protons.
Atomic Number
The number of protons.
Carbon atoms
All have 6 protons, so the atomic number is 6.
39 terms
Chemistry (atoms and the periodic table)
atom
Element
Atomic Number
Isotope
smallest particle into which an element can be divided and st…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
number of protons in the nucleus
an atom with the same number of protons and a different numbe…
atom
smallest particle into which an element can be divided and st…
Element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
19 terms
Chemistry Atomic Structure and The Periodic Table -
Atomic Mass Unit
Atomic Number
atomic mass
nucleus
A unit of mass that describes the mass of an atom or molecule…
Number of protons in an atom
weighted average of the atomic masses for the isotopes of an…
the positively charged dense center of an atom
Atomic Mass Unit
A unit of mass that describes the mass of an atom or molecule…
Atomic Number
Number of protons in an atom
19 terms
Chemistry Atomic Structure and The Periodic Table -
Atomic Mass Unit
Atomic Number
atomic mass
nucleus
A unit of mass that describes the mass of an atom or molecule…
Number of protons in an atom
weighted average of the atomic masses for the isotopes of an…
the positively charged dense center of an atom
Atomic Mass Unit
A unit of mass that describes the mass of an atom or molecule…
Atomic Number
Number of protons in an atom
13 terms
Chemistry: The Atom and The Periodic table
The atom
What is an atom made of and what are t…
Protons
Neutrons
The smallest particle of an element that still contains all t…
Protons, Neutrons and Electrons. ... These are known as sub-atom…
> Positive charge... > Located in the nucleus ... > Atomic Mass Uni…
> Neutral ... > Located in the nucleus ... > A.M.U: 1
The atom
The smallest particle of an element that still contains all t…
What is an atom made of and what are t…
Protons, Neutrons and Electrons. ... These are known as sub-atom…
30 terms
chemistry - atomic structure and periodic table
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
transition metals
other metals
Group 1, 1 electron in outer level, very reactive, soft, silv…
Group 2, 2 electrons in outer energy level, reactive,
groups 3-12,
groups 13-15 - these metals are solid, high density, and opaque
alkali metals
Group 1, 1 electron in outer level, very reactive, soft, silv…
alkaline earth metals
Group 2, 2 electrons in outer energy level, reactive,
12 terms
Atoms and the periodic table (Chemistry)
Atoms
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
Smallest particle of an element that has all the properties o…
Particles in the nucleus of the atom with positive charge
Particles orbiting around nucleus with negative charge
Particles in the nucleus of the atom with no charge
Atoms
Smallest particle of an element that has all the properties o…
Protons
Particles in the nucleus of the atom with positive charge
10 terms
Chemistry: Atoms + Periodic table
What is an element?
Charge of a proton?
Charge of a neutron?
Charge of an electron?
A substance that is made up of one type of atom
+1
0
-1
What is an element?
A substance that is made up of one type of atom
Charge of a proton?
+1
45 terms
Atoms, Periodic Table, Chemistry
The ancient greeks had an idea that al…
Atoms make up all of......?
Atoms are made of how many smaller par…
What are the 3 subatomic particles?
Atoms
Matter
3 subatomic particles
proton, neutron, and electron
The ancient greeks had an idea that al…
Atoms
Atoms make up all of......?
Matter
48 terms
chemistry-the atom and the periodic table
what is an atom?
define chemistry
list the 3 major parts of an atom
tell a protons charge, symbol, locatio…
the smallest part of an element
the study of matter-its structure and the changes it undergoes
protons, neutrons, and electrons
positive... p+... nucleus
what is an atom?
the smallest part of an element
define chemistry
the study of matter-its structure and the changes it undergoes
41 terms
Chemistry; Atoms & Periodic table
The Greek philosopher Democritus coine…
What is not part of John Dalton's atom…
What most accurately represents John D…
J.J Thomson's experiments provided evi…
Atom
Atoms contain subatomic particles
A tiny, solid sphere with a predictable mass for a given elem…
Contains negatively charged particles
The Greek philosopher Democritus coine…
Atom
What is not part of John Dalton's atom…
Atoms contain subatomic particles
15 terms
Atomic Structure & The Periodic Table (Chemistry)
Atomic mass
Atomic number
Atom
Boiling point
Number of protons and neutrons
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Smallest particle of an element
The temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas
Atomic mass
Number of protons and neutrons
Atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
28 terms
Chemistry: Atom and Periodic Table
Rutherford
Thomson
Democritus
Chadwick
Performed an experiment that led to the discovery of the nucl…
Discovered rays in atom to be negatively charged
Began supporting the particle theory of matter and using the…
Discovered neutrons
Rutherford
Performed an experiment that led to the discovery of the nucl…
Thomson
Discovered rays in atom to be negatively charged
18 terms
Atomic bonding & Periodic Table- Chemistry
Anion
Cation
Ionic Bond
Dimitri Mendeleev
Ions that gain electrons are going to be negatively charged
Ions that loose electrons are going to be positively charged
When a cation and anion bond together
Proposed arranging elements by atomic weights and properties
Anion
Ions that gain electrons are going to be negatively charged
Cation
Ions that loose electrons are going to be positively charged
65 terms
Chemistry 1 - Atoms and the Periodic Table
The "Periodic Table" we use today has…
What are the vertical columns called?…
What are the rows called?
Which element has three (3) electrons?
Increasing Atomic Numbers
Families or Groups
Periods
Lithium (Li)
The "Periodic Table" we use today has…
Increasing Atomic Numbers
What are the vertical columns called?…
Families or Groups
65 terms
Chemistry 1 - Atoms and the Periodic Table
The "Periodic Table" we use today has…
What are the vertical columns called?…
What are the rows called?
Which element has three (3) electrons?
Increasing Atomic Numbers
Families or Groups
Periods
Lithium (Li)
The "Periodic Table" we use today has…
Increasing Atomic Numbers
What are the vertical columns called?…
Families or Groups
20 terms
Atoms, Chemistry and Periodic Table Review
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Atomic number
the smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
the region of the atom that contains most of the mass
a positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
is determined by the number of protons in an atom
Atom
the smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
Nucleus
the region of the atom that contains most of the mass
10 terms
Atoms, Periodic table of elements and Chemistry
electron
atomic mass number
valence electron
covalent bond
electron
atomic mass number
22 terms
chemistry atomic theories and periodic table
John Dalton
JJ Thompson
Rutherford
Niel Bohr
Known for: Atomic Theory of 1800 ... 1.) elements are made from…
Known for: 1890 used cathode ray to find electrons
1911-1919 used gold foil to find densely packed nucleus with…
1911 electrons move in circular orbits, corresponding to ener…
John Dalton
Known for: Atomic Theory of 1800 ... 1.) elements are made from…
JJ Thompson
Known for: 1890 used cathode ray to find electrons
21 terms
Chemistry: Atomic Theory and Periodic Table
Valence electrons
Core electrons
Ionization energy
Electronegativity
the electrons in the outermost (highest) occupied energy level
the electrons in the filled inner energy level
the energy required to remove an electron from an atom
the ability of an atom to attract an electron from another atom
Valence electrons
the electrons in the outermost (highest) occupied energy level
Core electrons
the electrons in the filled inner energy level
39 terms
chemistry atomic structure and periodic table
who is Dalton
Dalton's atomic theory (4)
Atom
Electron
father of modern day chemistry
1)All elements are composed of tiny indivisible particles cal…
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Negatively charged subatomic particle. They have a -1 charge.…
who is Dalton
father of modern day chemistry
Dalton's atomic theory (4)
1)All elements are composed of tiny indivisible particles cal…
9 terms
Chemistry Periodic Table & Atomic Structure
pure substances
elements
compounds
atom
elements and compounds
on type of atom
two or more different types of atom chemically bonded togethe…
the smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties…
pure substances
elements and compounds
elements
on type of atom
49 terms
Chemistry Periodic Table/ Atomic Review
According to the particle model of mat…
The periodicity of the properties of e…
The subatomic particle that is neutral…
The oil drop experiment allowed Millik…
made up of tiny particles that are in constant motion.
distribution of electrons in the atoms of the elements and nu…
a neutron.
charge of an electron.
According to the particle model of mat…
made up of tiny particles that are in constant motion.
The periodicity of the properties of e…
distribution of electrons in the atoms of the elements and nu…
9 terms
Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Atomic Structure
What are the vertical columns on the p…
What does the group number tell us abo…
What happens when group one elements r…
What are group 0 elements called and w…
They are called groups
It says how many electrons the atom has on its outer shell
Group one elements can extremely reacted to water and oxygen.…
Nobel gases. They are un-reactive because they have a full ou…
What are the vertical columns on the p…
They are called groups
What does the group number tell us abo…
It says how many electrons the atom has on its outer shell
41 terms
Chemistry-Periodic Table and Atomic Structures
Elements
The periodic table is broken into two…
It is divided into how many groups?
Main properties of metals
Substances that contain one type of atom
Metals and non-metals
8, numbered from 1-7. The last group is group 0 and it is the…
Shiny... High melting point solids(apart from liquid Mercury)... De…
Elements
Substances that contain one type of atom
The periodic table is broken into two…
Metals and non-metals
Chemistry- Periodic Table and Models of the Atom
Groups
periods
group 1- family
group 2- family
vertical
horizontal
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
Groups
vertical
periods
horizontal
21 terms
Chemistry : Atomic Structure And The Periodic Table
Atomic number
Atoms
Electronic configuration
Electrons
The number of protons in an element
The smallest part of an element that can take part in nuclear…
The patterns of electrons in their shells
The sub-atomic particles with a negative charge that orbit th…
Atomic number
The number of protons in an element
Atoms
The smallest part of an element that can take part in nuclear…
66 terms
Chemistry: Atomic Structure and The Periodic Table
democritus
list the 4 aspects of dalton's atomic…
define an atom
j.j thomson
greek philosopher that first proposed that matter is composed…
1. all elements are composed of tiny, indivisible particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains the property…
used a cathode ray to discover negatively charged particles c…
democritus
greek philosopher that first proposed that matter is composed…
list the 4 aspects of dalton's atomic…
1. all elements are composed of tiny, indivisible particles c…
45 terms
Chemistry - atomic structure and periodic table
1
0.005
1
Positive charge
What is the relative mass of a proton?
What is the relative mass of an electron?
What is the relative mass of a neutron?
What charge does a proton have?
1
What is the relative mass of a proton?
0.005
What is the relative mass of an electron?
87 terms
Chemistry- the periodic table and atomic structure
Element
Mixture
Substances in air
Substances in sea water
A subtance containing only one kind of atom
A system made of two or more substances which are chemically…
Nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, argon, water vapour
Water, chloride, sulphate, calcium, potassium, sodium, minor…
Element
A subtance containing only one kind of atom
Mixture
A system made of two or more substances which are chemically…
12 terms
Chemistry Atoms and Periodic Table Revision
What are all substances made from
What are elements represented by and g…
How many elements are there roughly
How are compounds formed and what do t…
All substances are made of atoms
Elements can be represented by chemical symbols such as Na th…
About 100 elements
They are formed from elements by chemical reactions and they…
What are all substances made from
All substances are made of atoms
What are elements represented by and g…
Elements can be represented by chemical symbols such as Na th…
9 terms
chemistry: atoms, light and the periodic table
proton
electron
ion
neutron
(p+) is positively charged particle of the atomic nucleus. th…
(e-) is negatively charged particle that can occupy a volume…
is an atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons, thu…
(n-) is an uncharged particle of the nucleus of all atoms EXC…
proton
(p+) is positively charged particle of the atomic nucleus. th…
electron
(e-) is negatively charged particle that can occupy a volume…
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