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Study sets matching "chemistry physical science chapter 8"

34 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 8 - Carbon Chemistry
diamond
graphite
fullerene
nanotube
a form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
a form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
a form of carbon that consists of atoms arranged in the shape…
a form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
diamond
a form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
graphite
a form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
34 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 8 - Carbon Chemistry
diamond
graphite
fullerene
nanotube
a form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
a form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
a form of carbon that consists of atoms arranged in the shape…
a form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
diamond
a form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
graphite
a form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
Physical Science Chapter 8 The Chemistry of Life
carbohydrate
glucose
sucrose
complex carbohydrate
energy rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hyd…
A simple carbohydrate; ... the monomer of many complex carbohydr…
table sugar, ... glucose joined with fructose
A long chain, or polymer, of simple carbohydrates
carbohydrate
energy rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hyd…
glucose
A simple carbohydrate; ... the monomer of many complex carbohydr…
36 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8 The Chemistry of Life
carbohydrate
glucose
sucrose
complex carbohydrate
energy rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hyd…
A simple carbohydrate; ... the monomer of many complex carbohydr…
table sugar, ... glucose joined with fructose
A long chain, or polymer, of simple carbohydrates
carbohydrate
energy rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hyd…
glucose
A simple carbohydrate; ... the monomer of many complex carbohydr…
34 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 8 - Carbon Chemistry
diamond
graphite
fullerene
nanotube
a form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
a form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
a form of carbon that consists of atoms arranged in the shape…
a form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
diamond
a form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
graphite
a form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
34 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8: Carbon Chemistry
diamond
graphite
fullerene
nanotube
A form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
A form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms arranged in the shape…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
diamond
A form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
graphite
A form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
63 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
Magnetic Force
Magnetic Field
Magnetic Domains
Electromagnet
the attraction of unlike magnetic poles for each other and th…
the region of magnetic influence around a magnetic pole or mo…
clustered regions of aligned magnetic atoms
a magnet whose field is produced by an electric current
Magnetic Force
the attraction of unlike magnetic poles for each other and th…
Magnetic Field
the region of magnetic influence around a magnetic pole or mo…
36 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8 The Chemistry of Life
carbohydrate
glucose
sucrose
complex carbohydrate
energy rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hyd…
A simple carbohydrate; ... the monomer of many complex carbohydr…
table sugar, ... glucose joined with fructose
A long chain, or polymer, of simple carbohydrates
carbohydrate
energy rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hyd…
glucose
A simple carbohydrate; ... the monomer of many complex carbohydr…
36 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8 The Chemistry of Life
carbohydrate
glucose
sucrose
complex carbohydrate
energy rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hyd…
A simple carbohydrate; ... the monomer of many complex carbohydr…
table sugar, ... glucose joined with fructose
A long chain, or polymer, of simple carbohydrates
carbohydrate
energy rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hyd…
glucose
A simple carbohydrate; ... the monomer of many complex carbohydr…
Physical Science - Carbon Chemistry - Chapter 8
How many chemical bonds can carbon form?
A pure form of carbon that forms a ver…
What is a property of many organic com…
All hydrocarbons do what?
Four.
Diamond.
They do not dissolve well in water.
Burn easily.
How many chemical bonds can carbon form?
Four.
A pure form of carbon that forms a ver…
Diamond.
23 terms
physical science chapter 8
crystal
states of matter
kinetic theory of matter
plasma
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a geometric pattern
solid, liquid, gas, plasma
all matter is made up of tiny particles in constant motion
A gas-like state of matter consisting of a mixture of free el…
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a geometric pattern
states of matter
solid, liquid, gas, plasma
35 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8 Carbon Chemistry
diamond
graphite
fullerine
nanotube
Is a crystalline form of carbon in which each carbon atom is…
A form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms arrange in the shape…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
diamond
Is a crystalline form of carbon in which each carbon atom is…
graphite
A form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
fluid mechanics
fluid pressure
pascal
hydrostatic pressure
the study of how fluids flow and how forces and energy are tr…
a given point in a body of water, the pressure is exerted equ…
the SI derived unit of pressure
water pressure due to depth
fluid mechanics
the study of how fluids flow and how forces and energy are tr…
fluid pressure
a given point in a body of water, the pressure is exerted equ…
36 terms
Carbon Chemistry- Physical Science Chapter 8
diamond
graphite
fullerene
nanotube
A form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
A form of the element carbon in which a carbon atom is bonded…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms arranged in the shape…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
diamond
A form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
graphite
A form of the element carbon in which a carbon atom is bonded…
34 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8: Carbon Chemistry
diamond
graphite
fullerene
nanotube
A form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
A form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms arranged in the shape…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
diamond
A form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
graphite
A form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
56 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8 Carbon Chemistry
diamond
graphite
fullerene
nanotube
Is a crystalline form of carbon in which each carbon atom is…
A form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms arrange in the shape…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
diamond
Is a crystalline form of carbon in which each carbon atom is…
graphite
A form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
fluid mechanics
fluid pressure
pascal
hydrostatic pressure
the study of how fluids flow and how forces and energy are tr…
a given point in a body of water, the pressure is exerted equ…
the SI derived unit of pressure
water pressure due to depth
fluid mechanics
the study of how fluids flow and how forces and energy are tr…
fluid pressure
a given point in a body of water, the pressure is exerted equ…
34 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 8 - Carbon Chemistry
diamond
graphite
fullerene
nanotube
a form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
a form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
a form of carbon that consists of atoms arranged in the shape…
a form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
diamond
a form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
graphite
a form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
34 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 8 - Carbon Chemistry
diamond
graphite
fullerene
nanotube
a form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
a form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
a form of carbon that consists of atoms arranged in the shape…
a form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
diamond
a form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
graphite
a form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
Physical Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
substance -
heterogeneous mixture -
homogeneous mixture -
solution -
matter that has the same fixed makeup and properties througho…
a mixture where the substances are not mixed evenly.
a mixture that has two or more substances in which the molecu…
another name for a homogeneous mixture.
substance -
matter that has the same fixed makeup and properties througho…
heterogeneous mixture -
a mixture where the substances are not mixed evenly.
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
fossil fuels
nonrenewable resource
petroleum
fission
oil, natural gas, and coal; formed from the ancient remains o…
natural resources such as fossil fuels that cannot be replace…
liquid fossil fuel formed from decayed remainsof ancient orga…
process of splitting an atomic nucleus into two or more nucle…
fossil fuels
oil, natural gas, and coal; formed from the ancient remains o…
nonrenewable resource
natural resources such as fossil fuels that cannot be replace…
14 terms
Physical science chapter 8
Alternating Current
Direct Current
Electric Motor
Electromagnet
Electric current that reverses its direction of flow in a reg…
Electric current that flows in only one direct.
Device that converts electrical forces be twentieth mangy to…
Temporary magnet made by wrapping a wire coil carrying a curr…
Alternating Current
Electric current that reverses its direction of flow in a reg…
Direct Current
Electric current that flows in only one direct.
Physical Science Chapter 8 Fluid Mechanics
fluid mechanics
fluid pressure
Pascal (Pa)
hydrostatic pressure
the study of how fluids flow and how forces and energy are tr…
a property of all fluids in which pressure is exerted equally…
the SI unit of pressure; equivalent to N/m2
water pressure due only to depth in a body of water
fluid mechanics
the study of how fluids flow and how forces and energy are tr…
fluid pressure
a property of all fluids in which pressure is exerted equally…
37 terms
Physical science Chapter 8
Daniel 3:26
fluid
pressure (P)
Pressure formula
Chapter 8 bible verse
matter that is in a state that flows and assumes the shape of…
the ratio of force to surface area
P= F/A... -F is the net force acting perpendicular to the surfac…
Daniel 3:26
Chapter 8 bible verse
fluid
matter that is in a state that flows and assumes the shape of…
19 terms
Chapter 8 - Physical Science
Solute
Solvent
Dissociation
Dispersion
a substance whose particles are dissolved in a solution
a substance in which a solute dissolves
the separation of ions in an ionic compound as the compound d…
the process of dissolving by breaking into smaller pieces
Solute
a substance whose particles are dissolved in a solution
Solvent
a substance in which a solute dissolves
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
The Properties of Carbon
Forms of Carbon
Organic Compounds
Hydrocarbons
Four valence electrons...... Each atom is able to form 4 bonds... C…
Diamond - each carbon atom is bonded strongly to the other fo…
Compounds that contain Carbon... -Low melting and boiling points…
The simplest organic compounds, contain only C and H... Mix poor…
The Properties of Carbon
Four valence electrons...... Each atom is able to form 4 bonds... C…
Forms of Carbon
Diamond - each carbon atom is bonded strongly to the other fo…
Physical Science Chapter 8
fossil fuels
petroleum
nonrenewable resources
fusion
coal, natural gas, and petrolium (also called crude oil)
a flamable liquid formed from the decay of ancient organisms
resources that are not renued as quickly as they are used
when atomic nuclei combine at high temperatures
fossil fuels
coal, natural gas, and petrolium (also called crude oil)
petroleum
a flamable liquid formed from the decay of ancient organisms
97 terms
physical science chapter 8
chemical reaction
reactants
products
chemical equation
a chemical change resulting from a collision between atoms or…
the original substances that undergo a chemical reaction
the new substances produced by the reaction are the
expression that uses chemical symbols to represent a chemical…
chemical reaction
a chemical change resulting from a collision between atoms or…
reactants
the original substances that undergo a chemical reaction
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
Fossil fuels
Coal
Petroleum
Nonrenewable Resources
Examples Coal, Natural gas, and petroleum (also known as crud…
Is a solid fossil fuel that can be mined. Was a common fuel t…
In addition to fuel, plastics, synthetic fibers, cosmetics, a…
Resources that cannot be replaced by natural processes as qui…
Fossil fuels
Examples Coal, Natural gas, and petroleum (also known as crud…
Coal
Is a solid fossil fuel that can be mined. Was a common fuel t…
40 terms
Chapter 8 Physical Science
Diamond
Graphite
Fullerene
Nanotube
Hardest mineral... - at high temperatures- forms diamond crystal…
Another form of the carbon element... - each carbon is bonded ti…
Consists of carbon atoms arranged in the shape of a hollow sp…
Carbon atoms are arranged in the shape of a long, hollow cyla…
Diamond
Hardest mineral... - at high temperatures- forms diamond crystal…
Graphite
Another form of the carbon element... - each carbon is bonded ti…
48 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 8
Fluid Mechanics
Fluids
Pressure
fluid pressure
Study of how fluids flow and how forces and energy are transm…
Materials that flow; gases and liquids.
Force per unit area.
a property of all fluids in which pressure is exerted equally…
Fluid Mechanics
Study of how fluids flow and how forces and energy are transm…
Fluids
Materials that flow; gases and liquids.
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
A force that acts on an object and causes the object to move…
The metric unit of work
The amount of work a person does within a given period of time
the unit used to measure power
Work
A force that acts on an object and causes the object to move…
Joule
The metric unit of work
40 terms
Physical Chemistry Chapter 8 (Gas)
8.1 Gas Phase
General characteristics of gases
Define by what variables?
Pressure units
...
Atoms move rapidly and are far apart. Only weak intermolecula…
Pressure, volume, temperature, moles
1 atm = 760 Torr = 760 mmHg = 101.325 kPa
8.1 Gas Phase
...
General characteristics of gases
Atoms move rapidly and are far apart. Only weak intermolecula…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
Polymers
Plastics
Composite
Alloy
form when chemical bonds link large numbers of monomers in a…
Synthetic polymers that can be molded or shaped
A combination of two or more substances that creates a new ma…
A substance made of two or more elements that has the propert…
Polymers
form when chemical bonds link large numbers of monomers in a…
Plastics
Synthetic polymers that can be molded or shaped
Physical Science Chapter 8
Single displacement
Coefficients
Double Displacement
Combustion
the displacement of hydrogen from water by sodium is an examp…
In order to balance a chemical equation, it may be necessary…
When solutions of two ionic compounds are poured together in…
... is a type of chemical reaction in which a substance combi…
Single displacement
the displacement of hydrogen from water by sodium is an examp…
Coefficients
In order to balance a chemical equation, it may be necessary…
67 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
Chemical Bonds
Electronegativity
Ionic Bond
Ion
The attraction that holds atoms together.
The measure of how strongly an atom holds its electrons.
When electrons are transferred from one atom to another.
A particle that has a positive or negative charge.
Chemical Bonds
The attraction that holds atoms together.
Electronegativity
The measure of how strongly an atom holds its electrons.
16 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 8
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
the action that results when a force causes an object to move…
the unit used to express work and energy; equivalent to the n…
the rate at which work is done
the unit used to express power; equivalent to joules per seco…
Work
the action that results when a force causes an object to move…
Joule
the unit used to express work and energy; equivalent to the n…
33 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
States of Matter
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Crystal
Plasma
The different forms that matter can take
Tiny particles in constant motion make up all matter
A solid with the particles arranged in repeating geometric pa…
A gaslike mixture of positively and negatively charged partic…
States of Matter
The different forms that matter can take
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Tiny particles in constant motion make up all matter
27 terms
physical science chapter 8
crystal
states of matter
kinetic theory of matter
plasma
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
solid, liquid, gas
the idea that all matter is made up of tiny particles in cons…
Fluid portion of blood
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
states of matter
solid, liquid, gas
33 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 8 VOCABULARY terms in electrochemistry and organic chemistry; intro to apolgetics
chemical equation
Law of conservation of mass
Exothermic reactions
Endothermic reaction
an expression using chemical symbols to represent a chemical…
the total mass of the reactants is equal to the total mass of…
Chemical reactions that release thermal energy; temperature o…
Chemical reactions that absorb thermal energy; temperature of…
chemical equation
an expression using chemical symbols to represent a chemical…
Law of conservation of mass
the total mass of the reactants is equal to the total mass of…
18 terms
physical science chapter 8
fossil fuel
petroleum
nonrenewable resources
fusion
they form from the remains of ancient plants and animals that…
a flammable liquid formed from the decay of ancient organisms…
resources that cannot be replaced by natural processes as qui…
occurs when atomic nuclei combine at very high temperature
fossil fuel
they form from the remains of ancient plants and animals that…
petroleum
a flammable liquid formed from the decay of ancient organisms…
19 terms
Chapter 8 - Physical Science
Solute
Solvent
Dissociation
Dispersion
a substance whose particles are dissolved in a solution
a substance in which a solute dissolves
the separation of ions in an ionic compound as the compound d…
the process of dissolving by breaking into smaller pieces
Solute
a substance whose particles are dissolved in a solution
Solvent
a substance in which a solute dissolves
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
Two types of charges
negative charges
positive charger
neutrons
positive(+) and negative(-)
electrons(-)
protons(+)
neutral
Two types of charges
positive(+) and negative(-)
negative charges
electrons(-)
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Law of Conservation of Matter
process in which new substances with new chemical and physica…
substance that is changed in a chemical reaction
substance that is formed in a chemical reaction
law that states that matter cannot be created or destroyed by…
Chemical Reaction
process in which new substances with new chemical and physica…
Reactant
substance that is changed in a chemical reaction
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
Asteroid
Astronomical unit
Comet
Earth
They are rocky solar system objects of widely varying size us…
It is about 190 million kilometer, which equals the average d…
It is the mass of dust, rock particles, frozen water, methane…
Earth is the third planet from the sun; the only planet known…
Asteroid
They are rocky solar system objects of widely varying size us…
Astronomical unit
It is about 190 million kilometer, which equals the average d…
18 terms
physical science chapter 8
fossil fuel
petroleum
nonrenewable resources
fusion
they form from the remains of ancient plants and animals that…
a flammable liquid formed from the decay of ancient organisms…
resources that cannot be replaced by natural processes as qui…
occurs when atomic nuclei combine at very high temperature
fossil fuel
they form from the remains of ancient plants and animals that…
petroleum
a flammable liquid formed from the decay of ancient organisms…
9 terms
Foundations of Physical Science Chapter 8
Work
Work Equation
Work Input
Work Output
a form of energy that comes from force applied over distance.
w=fd
the work that is done on an object.
the work that an object does as a result of work input.
Work
a form of energy that comes from force applied over distance.
Work Equation
w=fd
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
How many chemical bonds does a carbon…
What is diamond?
What is a nanotube?
What is fullerene?
Four (p.293)
A pure form of carbon that forms a very hard crystal. (p.294)
Carbon atoms that are arranged in the shape of long, hollow c…
Fullerene consists of carbon atoms arranged in the shape of a…
How many chemical bonds does a carbon…
Four (p.293)
What is diamond?
A pure form of carbon that forms a very hard crystal. (p.294)
16 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 8
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
the action that results when a force causes an object to move…
the unit used to express work and energy; equivalent to the n…
the rate at which work is done
the unit used to express power; equivalent to joules per seco…
Work
the action that results when a force causes an object to move…
Joule
the unit used to express work and energy; equivalent to the n…
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8 Work and Machines
joule
work
power
watt
the metric unit of work
What happens when an OBJECT CHANGES its POSITION by MOVING in…
the amount of work a person does within a given period of time
unit used to measure power
joule
the metric unit of work
work
What happens when an OBJECT CHANGES its POSITION by MOVING in…
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