Study sets matching "chemistry science"

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Study sets matching "chemistry science"

Science chemistry
Heterogeneous Mixture
Colloid
Mechanical Mixture
Suspension
A heterogeneous mixture does not have a fixed composition.
A mixture consisting of tiny particles that are intermediate…
Is a mixture whose components can be separated by mechanical…
A mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
Heterogeneous Mixture
A heterogeneous mixture does not have a fixed composition.
Colloid
A mixture consisting of tiny particles that are intermediate…
35 terms
Science- Chemistry
Matter
Solids
Liquids
Gas
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Has definite shape and volume
Definite volume but NO definite shape
NO definite volume and NO definite shape
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Solids
Has definite shape and volume
36 terms
SCIENCE -CHEMISTRY
Formation of Ions
Electrons
Protons
Neutrons
electric loss or gain
Charge: -1... Mass: 1/1836 (negligent)... Position: outside the nuc…
Charge: +1... Mass: 1 unit... Position: inside the nucleus
Charge: No Charge... Mass: 1 unit... Position: inside the nucleus
Formation of Ions
electric loss or gain
Electrons
Charge: -1... Mass: 1/1836 (negligent)... Position: outside the nuc…
science chemistry
mass #
ion
atomic mass
valence electron
sum of protons and nuetrons
an atom that has a charge
average mass of all the atoms of an element
electrons of the outer most ring
mass #
sum of protons and nuetrons
ion
an atom that has a charge
27 terms
Science Chemistry
matter
chemistry
substance
physical property
is anything that has mass and takes up space.
is the study of the properties of matter and how matter chang…
is a single kind of matter that is pure.
is observed whithout changing substances into another substan…
matter
is anything that has mass and takes up space.
chemistry
is the study of the properties of matter and how matter chang…
15 terms
Science-chemistry
mass
volume
weight
Temperature
how much matter there is
How much space does the matter take up?
how much gravity is pulling on matter?
how fast are the atoms moving in the matter?
mass
how much matter there is
volume
How much space does the matter take up?
20 terms
Science Chemistry
Physical property
Malleability
Luster
Solubility
Can be observed or measured with out changing the identity of…
The ability of matter to be molded into shapes without breaki…
The way the surface of an object reflects light
The ability of a substance to dissolve into another substance.
Physical property
Can be observed or measured with out changing the identity of…
Malleability
The ability of matter to be molded into shapes without breaki…
23 terms
science chemistry
Atom
Low of conservation of matter
Periodic Table
Period
Small particle that makes up most types of matter
matter is not created or destroyed- it only changes form
Periodic Table A chart where all the elements are organized
Rows of the periodic table are called
Atom
Small particle that makes up most types of matter
Low of conservation of matter
matter is not created or destroyed- it only changes form
139 terms
Science-Chemistry
Chemistry
Matter
What does the particle theory of matte…
Particle Theory of matter
The study of matter, it's properties and its changes and tran…
Anything that has mass and takes up SPACE
The composition and behaviour of matter
1. All matter is made up of tiny particles... 2. All particles o…
Chemistry
The study of matter, it's properties and its changes and tran…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up SPACE
21 terms
chemistry - science
explain the law of conservation
reactants
products
describe the properties of acids
the total mass of the reactants will always equal the total m…
the elements reacting
the elements produced after reacting
can donate a hydrogen ion to a base... - ph level less than 7... -…
explain the law of conservation
the total mass of the reactants will always equal the total m…
reactants
the elements reacting
16 terms
Science - Chemistry
Matter
Atom/particle
Neutron
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
smallest part of an element
center of an atom, no charge
center of an atom, positive charge
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom/particle
smallest part of an element
SCIENCE CHEMISTRY
Acid
Alkali
Alkane
Alkene
A substance that can attack metal clothing or the skin. Has a…
It's solution has a pH of more than 7
A saturated hydrocarbon that has no double bonds between the…
Unsaturated hydrocarbon which contains a double carbon-carbon…
Acid
A substance that can attack metal clothing or the skin. Has a…
Alkali
It's solution has a pH of more than 7
20 terms
Science chemistry
Molecule
compound
element
Mixture
the simplest form of an element or compound . there are at le…
a whole joined by two or more elements with a chemicle bond.
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
a collection containing a variety of different things
Molecule
the simplest form of an element or compound . there are at le…
compound
a whole joined by two or more elements with a chemicle bond.
science: chemistry
Atomic Number (protons)
Isotope
Ions
Valence Electrons
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, which determ…
Each of two or more forms of the same element that contain eq…
An atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
In chemistry, a valence electron is an electron that is assoc…
Atomic Number (protons)
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, which determ…
Isotope
Each of two or more forms of the same element that contain eq…
29 terms
Science Chemistry
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Nucleus
Positively charged particle, mass of 1 AMU, located in the ce…
Uncharged particle, Negligible mass, located in the center of…
Negatively charged particle, mass of 1 AMU, located in the ce…
Combination of proton and neutron, middle of atom
Proton
Positively charged particle, mass of 1 AMU, located in the ce…
Neutron
Uncharged particle, Negligible mass, located in the center of…
Science: Chemistry
Atoms
name the 3 components of Atoms
Atomic Charge
Nuclear Force
smallest part of an element that still retains all of the ori…
Protons (+)... Neutrons (+)... Electrons (-)
balance of protons and electrons in an atom
hold atoms together; stronger than electrical forces that can…
Atoms
smallest part of an element that still retains all of the ori…
name the 3 components of Atoms
Protons (+)... Neutrons (+)... Electrons (-)
32 terms
Science: Chemistry
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Law of Conservation of Mass
Chemical Reaction
affects one or more physical properties of a substance, the c…
occurs when substances change into entirely new substances wi…
Matter is neither created nor destoryed. The amount of matter…
the mass of the starting materials (reactants) is the same as…
Physical Change
affects one or more physical properties of a substance, the c…
Chemical Change
occurs when substances change into entirely new substances wi…
Science- Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
Science-Chemistry
Matter
Mixture
Pure Substance
Compound
Is anything that has mass and volume. ... Example(s): ... - A perso…
A physical combination of two or more substances. ... Example(s)…
Is matter that has a fixed composition and definite propertie…
Is composed of 2 or more different elements in a fixed ratio.…
Matter
Is anything that has mass and volume. ... Example(s): ... - A perso…
Mixture
A physical combination of two or more substances. ... Example(s)…
25 terms
science (chemistry)
nontonain fluids
viscosity
non-newtonian fluid
matter
have a constant viscosity
is the thickness of a fluid
a change of their viscosity depending on pressure.
is anything that has mass and takes up space
nontonain fluids
have a constant viscosity
viscosity
is the thickness of a fluid
27 terms
Science Chemistry
What is made from atoms?
Are all atoms of different elements th…
Protons are ______ charged
Neutrons are ________
everything
No, they are all different
positively
neutral
What is made from atoms?
everything
Are all atoms of different elements th…
No, they are all different
28 terms
Science- Chemistry
protons
neutrons
electrons
nucleus
positive charge
no charge
negative charge
holds neutrons and protons
protons
positive charge
neutrons
no charge
30 terms
Science Chemistry
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
It is the basic building block of all matter
It is in the nucleus of the atom that has a positive charge.
It is in the nucleus of an atom and it has no charge.
It orbits an atom and it has a negative charge.
Atom
It is the basic building block of all matter
Proton
It is in the nucleus of the atom that has a positive charge.
Science Chemistry
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Compress
A substance that keeps its volume and shape
A substance that maintains a fixed volume but adapts to the s…
A substance that has no fixed shape or volume.
A force that squeezes something together
Solid
A substance that keeps its volume and shape
Liquid
A substance that maintains a fixed volume but adapts to the s…
21 terms
The Chemistry of Food - Food Science
Element
Compounds
Mixtures
Homogeneous Mixture
A substance that contains only one kind of atom
Substances in which two or more elements have chemically comb…
Substances that are put together but not chemically combined
A mixture in which there is uniform distribution of particles
Element
A substance that contains only one kind of atom
Compounds
Substances in which two or more elements have chemically comb…
26 terms
Chemistry Science
Molecules
Density
atom
mixture
Incredibly small units of matter
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
smallest particle of an element with the qualities of that el…
Two or more substances that are mixed together but not chemic…
Molecules
Incredibly small units of matter
Density
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
25 terms
Science Chemistry
Atom
Electron
Nucleus
Proton
the basic particle from which all elements are made
a tiny negatively charged particle that moves around the outs…
the central core of an atom that contains protons and neutrons
small positively charged particles that are found in the nucl…
Atom
the basic particle from which all elements are made
Electron
a tiny negatively charged particle that moves around the outs…
Science chemistry
atom
element
protons
electrons
the smallest amount of an element
ingredients of the earth
particle in an atom that has a positive charge ( in nucleus)
particle in an atom that has a negative charge (outside nucle…
atom
the smallest amount of an element
element
ingredients of the earth
Science Chemistry
Physical changes are changes affecting…
A chemical reaction is a process that…
Chemical change is any change that res…
A chemical property is any of a materi…
Physical Reaction
Chemical Reaction
Chemical Change
Chemical Property
Physical changes are changes affecting…
Physical Reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that…
Chemical Reaction
24 terms
SCIENCE CHEMISTRY
Hydronium ions
Hydroxide ions
Salts
solvent
H3O+
OH-
Formed in a neutralization process
does the dissolving
Hydronium ions
H3O+
Hydroxide ions
OH-
11 terms
Science chemistry
Ionic compounds with ionic bonds form.…
the ions are closely packed and form a…
ionic bonds
Giant Ionic Structures
crystals
lattice
electrostatic forces between oppositely charged ions
regular arrangement of anions and cations
Ionic compounds with ionic bonds form.…
crystals
the ions are closely packed and form a…
lattice
Science - Chemistry
corrosion
Neutralization
Distillation
filtration
A process of corroding metal, stone, or other materials
a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react with ea…
the action of purifying a liquid by a process of heating and…
the action or process of filtering something
corrosion
A process of corroding metal, stone, or other materials
Neutralization
a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react with ea…
Science Chemistry
Law of Conservation of Matter
Atom
Molecule
Compound
Matter can't be created or destroyed just changed form.
The smallest unit of matter, made up of proton, neutron, elec…
Two or more atoms chemically bonded.
Two or more different types of atoms chemically bonded.
Law of Conservation of Matter
Matter can't be created or destroyed just changed form.
Atom
The smallest unit of matter, made up of proton, neutron, elec…
Science Chemistry
Proton
Electron
Neutron
Element
A positively charged particle in the nucleus
A negatively charged particle surrounding the nucleus
A particle with no charge in the nucleus
All matter(everything) is made up of different combinations o…
Proton
A positively charged particle in the nucleus
Electron
A negatively charged particle surrounding the nucleus
Science - Chemistry
Element
Atomic Number
Atom
Compound
pure substance made up of one kind of atom only
the number of protons in the nucleus
Smallest part of an element contains the properties of an ele…
pure substance made up of two or more elements, chemically bo…
Element
pure substance made up of one kind of atom only
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus
science chemistry
matter
solid
liquid
gas
as mass and takes up space
definite shape and definite volume
definite volime and no definite shape
no def,shape,volume
matter
as mass and takes up space
solid
definite shape and definite volume
27 terms
Chemistry- science
Ductile
Group
Lustre
Malleable
A metal that can be made into wire
The fertile columns on the periodic table
Shiny metals
Metals that can hammered or pressed into shape
Ductile
A metal that can be made into wire
Group
The fertile columns on the periodic table
23 terms
Science Chemistry
Know what a characteristic property is…
Know what endothermic reactions are
Kniw what exothermic reactions are
Know what atomic number and atomic mas…
a physical or chemical property that is unique to a particula…
Endothermic reactions- absorb heat/take in more energy than t…
Exothermic reactions-give off heat/opposite
Atomic number is equal to the number of protons in the atom.…
Know what a characteristic property is…
a physical or chemical property that is unique to a particula…
Know what endothermic reactions are
Endothermic reactions- absorb heat/take in more energy than t…
Science Chemistry
Mass
Chemical Change
Matter
Volume
the amount of matter in a substance or an object
a change in the chemical composition of a substance that resu…
Anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of space that a substance or object takes up
Mass
the amount of matter in a substance or an object
Chemical Change
a change in the chemical composition of a substance that resu…
Science-Chemistry
Density
Volume
Mass
Matter
The amount of matter in a given volume
The amount of space an object occupies
The amount of matter in a object
Has mass and volume
Density
The amount of matter in a given volume
Volume
The amount of space an object occupies
Science chemistry
Acid
Base
pH scale
Indicators
Tastes sour when disolved in water turn blue litmus paper red
Feels slippery tastes bitter turns red litmus paper blue
Measures the strength of an acid or base
Chemical that changes color when mixed with acid or base
Acid
Tastes sour when disolved in water turn blue litmus paper red
Base
Feels slippery tastes bitter turns red litmus paper blue
10 terms
Science(Chemistry)
combustion
cellular respiration
rapid combustion
spontaneous combustion
the process by which the substance reacts with oxygen to give…
the process by which the body obtains energy by breaking down…
when combustion takes place rapidly. When we burn matchstick…
when substances like phosphorous burn on their own in the air
combustion
the process by which the substance reacts with oxygen to give…
cellular respiration
the process by which the body obtains energy by breaking down…
12 terms
Science: Chemistry
Atom
Element
Molecules
Compound
The basic particle from which all elements are made.
A substance that cannot be broken down into any other substan…
Two or more atoms held together by a chemical bond.
A substance that is made of two or more elements combined in…
Atom
The basic particle from which all elements are made.
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into any other substan…
40 terms
Science- Chemistry
Matter
Solubility
Chemical property
Combustibility
anything that has a mass and occupies space
a measure of the ability of a substance to dissolve in anothe…
the ability of a substance to change (react) and form new sub…
the ability of a substance to burn in air
Matter
anything that has a mass and occupies space
Solubility
a measure of the ability of a substance to dissolve in anothe…
30 terms
Science STAAR Review: Chemistry
proton
neutron
electron
valence electrons
• Positive Charge (+)... • In the nucleus... • Has mass of 1 amu... •…
• Neutral charge (0)... • In the nucleus... • Has mass of 1 amu... • M…
• Negative charge (-)... • Found in the energy levels or 'cloud'…
• Electrons on the outer most energy level... • Used in bonding…
proton
• Positive Charge (+)... • In the nucleus... • Has mass of 1 amu... •…
neutron
• Neutral charge (0)... • In the nucleus... • Has mass of 1 amu... • M…
Science Chemistry
He
Li
Ne
Sl
helium
lithium
neon
aluminum
He
helium
Li
lithium
Science chemistry
solutes
solvent
mechanical mixture
heterogeneous
the minor component in a solution, dissolved in the solvent.
A substance that can dissolve another substance, or in which…
mixture whose components can be separated by mechanical means
heterogeneous mixture is made of different substances that re…
solutes
the minor component in a solution, dissolved in the solvent.
solvent
A substance that can dissolve another substance, or in which…
Science - Chemistry
Mass & charge of a PROTON
Mass & charge of a NEUTRON
Mass & charge of a ELECTRON
How many electrons are in the first sh…
Mass = 1 Charge = +1
Mass = 1 Charge = 0
Mass = almost 0 Charge = -1
2
Mass & charge of a PROTON
Mass = 1 Charge = +1
Mass & charge of a NEUTRON
Mass = 1 Charge = 0
52 terms
SCIENCE - CHEMISTRY
Matter
3 states of Matter
Qualitive
Quantitive
Anything that has mass and occupies space is matter
Solid, Liquid, Gas
Describe using words
Describe using numbers
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space is matter
3 states of Matter
Solid, Liquid, Gas
13 terms
Science chemistry
Atomic number
Atomic mass
Ionic bonds
Covalent bonds
Number of protons or nuetrons
Number of protons + neutrons
Give electrons
Share of electrons
Atomic number
Number of protons or nuetrons
Atomic mass
Number of protons + neutrons
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