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Study sets matching "chemistry science"

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Study sets matching "chemistry science"

27 terms
Science Exam - Chemistry
Balanced Equations
Law of Conservation of Mass
Electron Cloud
Electrons
where the elements on both the product and reactant side of a…
mass cannot be created or destroyed
all electrons are found here, rings that surround the nucleus
found in electron cloud/shells, negative charge, 1/200 amu
Balanced Equations
where the elements on both the product and reactant side of a…
Law of Conservation of Mass
mass cannot be created or destroyed
16 terms
Chemistry/ Science
Matter
Physical property
Chemical property
Physical Change
Has mass and takes up space
Can be observed or measured without changing the chemical nat…
Can be observed by changing the chemical nature
A change that changes that does not change the chemical natur…
Matter
Has mass and takes up space
Physical property
Can be observed or measured without changing the chemical nat…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
17 terms
Unit 1 Chemistry Mathes Science
Matter
Atom
Element
Molecule
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Smallest possible piece of an element;still retains the prope…
Pure substances composed of identical atoms;found on the Peri…
Made up of two or more atoms; atoms are linked by chemical bo…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Smallest possible piece of an element;still retains the prope…
20 terms
Science Chemistry
Physical property
Malleability
Luster
Solubility
Can be observed or measured with out changing the identity of…
The ability of matter to be molded into shapes without breaki…
The way the surface of an object reflects light
The ability of a substance to dissolve into another substance.
Physical property
Can be observed or measured with out changing the identity of…
Malleability
The ability of matter to be molded into shapes without breaki…
10 terms
science chemistry
Atom
Particle
Neutron
Ion
The smallest particle of a substance that can exist by itself…
Any one of the very small parts of matter (such as a molecule…
A subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative ele…
Atom
The smallest particle of a substance that can exist by itself…
Particle
Any one of the very small parts of matter (such as a molecule…
8 terms
science chemistry
mass #
ion
atomic mass
valence electron
sum of protons and nuetrons
an atom that has a charge
average mass of all the atoms of an element
electrons of the outer most ring
mass #
sum of protons and nuetrons
ion
an atom that has a charge
114 terms
Science: Chemistry
Atoms
name the 3 components of Atoms
Atomic Charge
Nuclear Force
smallest part of an element that still retains all of the ori…
Protons (+)... Neutrons (+)... Electrons (-)
balance of protons and electrons in an atom
hold atoms together; stronger than electrical forces that can…
Atoms
smallest part of an element that still retains all of the ori…
name the 3 components of Atoms
Protons (+)... Neutrons (+)... Electrons (-)
29 terms
Science Chemistry
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Nucleus
Positively charged particle, mass of 1 AMU, located in the ce…
Uncharged particle, Negligible mass, located in the center of…
Negatively charged particle, mass of 1 AMU, located in the ce…
Combination of proton and neutron, middle of atom
Proton
Positively charged particle, mass of 1 AMU, located in the ce…
Neutron
Uncharged particle, Negligible mass, located in the center of…
20 terms
Science: Chemistry - C4
The smallest component of an element h…
Element A pure substance made of only…
A subatomic particle that has a positi…
A subatomic particle that has no charg…
Atom
element
Proton
Neutron
The smallest component of an element h…
Atom
Element A pure substance made of only…
element
63 terms
science chemistry
beaker tongs
microscope slide
tweezers
test tube rack
beaker tongs
microscope slide
38 terms
Science Chemistry
Matter
chemistry
matter exists is different states
pure substances
anything that has mass and takes up space
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
solid... liquid... gas... plasma
composed of a single kind of matter that has a specific compo…
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
chemistry
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
27 terms
Science Chemistry
matter
chemistry
substance
physical property
is anything that has mass and takes up space.
is the study of the properties of matter and how matter chang…
is a single kind of matter that is pure.
is observed whithout changing substances into another substan…
matter
is anything that has mass and takes up space.
chemistry
is the study of the properties of matter and how matter chang…
41 terms
Chemistry- Science
Matter
Element
Nucleus
Proton
Anything that has volume and mass- usually solid, liquid, gas…
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
Center of the atom which is made up of protons and neutrons
Tiny particle that has mass and a positive charge.... To find am…
Matter
Anything that has volume and mass- usually solid, liquid, gas…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
35 terms
Science- Chemistry
Matter
Solids
Liquids
Gas
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Has definite shape and volume
Definite volume but NO definite shape
NO definite volume and NO definite shape
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Solids
Has definite shape and volume
36 terms
SCIENCE -CHEMISTRY
Formation of Ions
Electrons
Protons
Neutrons
electric loss or gain
Charge: -1... Mass: 1/1836 (negligent)... Position: outside the nuc…
Charge: +1... Mass: 1 unit... Position: inside the nucleus
Charge: No Charge... Mass: 1 unit... Position: inside the nucleus
Formation of Ions
electric loss or gain
Electrons
Charge: -1... Mass: 1/1836 (negligent)... Position: outside the nuc…
20 terms
Science chemistry
Molecule
compound
element
Mixture
the simplest form of an element or compound . there are at le…
a whole joined by two or more elements with a chemicle bond.
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
a collection containing a variety of different things
Molecule
the simplest form of an element or compound . there are at le…
compound
a whole joined by two or more elements with a chemicle bond.
16 terms
Science - Chemistry
Matter
Atom/particle
Neutron
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
smallest part of an element
center of an atom, no charge
center of an atom, positive charge
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom/particle
smallest part of an element
23 terms
science chemistry
Atom
Low of conservation of matter
Periodic Table
Period
Small particle that makes up most types of matter
matter is not created or destroyed- it only changes form
Periodic Table A chart where all the elements are organized
Rows of the periodic table are called
Atom
Small particle that makes up most types of matter
Low of conservation of matter
matter is not created or destroyed- it only changes form
12 terms
science: chemistry
Atomic Number (protons)
Isotope
Ions
Valence Electrons
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, which determ…
Each of two or more forms of the same element that contain eq…
An atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
In chemistry, a valence electron is an electron that is assoc…
Atomic Number (protons)
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, which determ…
Isotope
Each of two or more forms of the same element that contain eq…
28 terms
Science- Chemistry
protons
neutrons
electrons
nucleus
positive charge
no charge
negative charge
holds neutrons and protons
protons
positive charge
neutrons
no charge
27 terms
Science Chemistry
What is made from atoms?
Are all atoms of different elements th…
Protons are ______ charged
Neutrons are ________
everything
No, they are all different
positively
neutral
What is made from atoms?
everything
Are all atoms of different elements th…
No, they are all different
32 terms
Science: Chemistry
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Law of Conservation of Mass
Chemical Reaction
affects one or more physical properties of a substance, the c…
occurs when substances change into entirely new substances wi…
Matter is neither created nor destoryed. The amount of matter…
the mass of the starting materials (reactants) is the same as…
Physical Change
affects one or more physical properties of a substance, the c…
Chemical Change
occurs when substances change into entirely new substances wi…
34 terms
Science- Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
12 terms
General Science Chemistry Terms
No chemical change... Keeps its own prope…
Groups of molecules that are mixed in…
The substance that is going to be diss…
The one thing doing the dissolving.
Mixture... Examples: ... Blood (plasma and red blood cells)... Trailm…
Solution... Example: ... Salt water ... Kook-aid
Solute... Example:... Sugar... Kool-aid powder... It is the smallest am…
Solvent... Examples:... Water... Ethanol... Nail Polish Remover (acetone…
No chemical change... Keeps its own prope…
Mixture... Examples: ... Blood (plasma and red blood cells)... Trailm…
Groups of molecules that are mixed in…
Solution... Example: ... Salt water ... Kook-aid
19 terms
Science- Chemistry
Chemical Equations
Groups
metals/non-metals
Atomic Number
shows formula of reactants/products. each side of equation sh…
All the elements on the periodic table are arranged into grou…
Elements on the periodic table can be split into two groups m…
The number of protons. This is a smaller number at the top. E…
Chemical Equations
shows formula of reactants/products. each side of equation sh…
Groups
All the elements on the periodic table are arranged into grou…
11 terms
Science - Introduction to chemistry
John dalton
Democritus
JJ Thomson
Rutherford
1st theory to relate chemical changes to events at the atomic…
Greek philosopher that said all matter is made of tiny partic…
discovered the electron
Gold foil experiment: (atom is mostly empty space, atoms cont…
John dalton
1st theory to relate chemical changes to events at the atomic…
Democritus
Greek philosopher that said all matter is made of tiny partic…
9 terms
Science Chemistry
Physical changes are changes affecting…
A chemical reaction is a process that…
Chemical change is any change that res…
A chemical property is any of a materi…
Physical Reaction
Chemical Reaction
Chemical Change
Chemical Property
Physical changes are changes affecting…
Physical Reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that…
Chemical Reaction
26 terms
Chemistry Science
Molecules
Density
atom
mixture
Incredibly small units of matter
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
smallest particle of an element with the qualities of that el…
Two or more substances that are mixed together but not chemic…
Molecules
Incredibly small units of matter
Density
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
Science chemistry
atom
element
protons
electrons
the smallest amount of an element
ingredients of the earth
particle in an atom that has a positive charge ( in nucleus)
particle in an atom that has a negative charge (outside nucle…
atom
the smallest amount of an element
element
ingredients of the earth
19 terms
Science - Chemistry
Element
Atomic Number
Atom
Compound
pure substance made up of one kind of atom only
the number of protons in the nucleus
Smallest part of an element contains the properties of an ele…
pure substance made up of two or more elements, chemically bo…
Element
pure substance made up of one kind of atom only
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus
59 terms
Science Chemistry
What is an atom
What is the table elements are arrange…
Name the first 20 elements
What is an atomic number
Particles that join together to create the world around us. T…
Periodic table
Hydrogen... Helium... Lithium... Beryllium ... Boron... Carbon... Nitrogen ... Oxy…
The amount of protons in the nucleus of an atom
What is an atom
Particles that join together to create the world around us. T…
What is the table elements are arrange…
Periodic table
15 terms
Science Chemistry
Law of Conservation of Matter
Atom
Molecule
Compound
Matter can't be created or destroyed just changed form.
The smallest unit of matter, made up of proton, neutron, elec…
Two or more atoms chemically bonded.
Two or more different types of atoms chemically bonded.
Law of Conservation of Matter
Matter can't be created or destroyed just changed form.
Atom
The smallest unit of matter, made up of proton, neutron, elec…
23 terms
Science Chemistry
Know what a characteristic property is…
Know what endothermic reactions are
Kniw what exothermic reactions are
Know what atomic number and atomic mas…
a physical or chemical property that is unique to a particula…
Endothermic reactions- absorb heat/take in more energy than t…
Exothermic reactions-give off heat/opposite
Atomic number is equal to the number of protons in the atom.…
Know what a characteristic property is…
a physical or chemical property that is unique to a particula…
Know what endothermic reactions are
Endothermic reactions- absorb heat/take in more energy than t…
25 terms
Science Chemistry
Atom
Electron
Nucleus
Proton
the basic particle from which all elements are made
a tiny negatively charged particle that moves around the outs…
the central core of an atom that contains protons and neutrons
small positively charged particles that are found in the nucl…
Atom
the basic particle from which all elements are made
Electron
a tiny negatively charged particle that moves around the outs…
24 terms
Science Chemistry
particles
properties
mixtures
endothermic reaction
a very small piece of material
how a substance looks and behaves
several materials in a substance
energy going into a substance
particles
a very small piece of material
properties
how a substance looks and behaves
Science Chemistry
Proton
Electron
Neutron
Element
A positively charged particle in the nucleus
A negatively charged particle surrounding the nucleus
A particle with no charge in the nucleus
All matter(everything) is made up of different combinations o…
Proton
A positively charged particle in the nucleus
Electron
A negatively charged particle surrounding the nucleus
24 terms
SCIENCE CHEMISTRY
Hydronium ions
Hydroxide ions
Salts
solvent
H3O+
OH-
Formed in a neutralization process
does the dissolving
Hydronium ions
H3O+
Hydroxide ions
OH-
26 terms
science chemistry
matter
solid
liquid
gas
as mass and takes up space
definite shape and definite volume
definite volime and no definite shape
no def,shape,volume
matter
as mass and takes up space
solid
definite shape and definite volume
40 terms
Science- Chemistry
Matter
Solubility
Chemical property
Combustibility
anything that has a mass and occupies space
a measure of the ability of a substance to dissolve in anothe…
the ability of a substance to change (react) and form new sub…
the ability of a substance to burn in air
Matter
anything that has a mass and occupies space
Solubility
a measure of the ability of a substance to dissolve in anothe…
13 terms
8th Grade Science (Chemistry)
atom
proton
neutron
electron
(n.): the smallest piece of a chemical element
(n.): in the nucleus, has a positive charge
(n.): in the nucleus, has no charge
(n.): goes around the nucleus, has a negative charge
atom
(n.): the smallest piece of a chemical element
proton
(n.): in the nucleus, has a positive charge
51 terms
Science - Chemistry
What is more reactive - Zinc or Iron?
What is more reactive - Magnesium or S…
What is more reactive - Silver or Tin?
What is more reactive - Lead or Alumin…
Zinc
Sodium
Tin
Aluminium
What is more reactive - Zinc or Iron?
Zinc
What is more reactive - Magnesium or S…
Sodium
41 terms
Science Chemistry
Mass
Chemical Change
Matter
Volume
the amount of matter in a substance or an object
a change in the chemical composition of a substance that resu…
Anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of space that a substance or object takes up
Mass
the amount of matter in a substance or an object
Chemical Change
a change in the chemical composition of a substance that resu…
79 terms
Junior Science - Introduction to Chemistry
Atom
Element
Compound
Molecule
A small indivisible particle which is the basic building bloc…
A pure chemical consisting of only ONE type of atom
2 or more different types of (elements) atoms chemically comb…
2 or more different non-metal atoms chemically combined
Atom
A small indivisible particle which is the basic building bloc…
Element
A pure chemical consisting of only ONE type of atom
53 terms
Science - Chemistry
Mass & charge of a PROTON
Mass & charge of a NEUTRON
Mass & charge of a ELECTRON
How many electrons are in the first sh…
Mass = 1 Charge = +1
Mass = 1 Charge = 0
Mass = almost 0 Charge = -1
2
Mass & charge of a PROTON
Mass = 1 Charge = +1
Mass & charge of a NEUTRON
Mass = 1 Charge = 0
124 terms
Praxis (Physical Science and Chemistry)
Physical Science
Materials found on earth include:
Atom
Atomic number
-The first domain of science in which the tangible and materi…
elements, compounds, and mixtures
The basis of chemistry, and so small it cannot be divided.... -A…
-The same number as the number of protons found within the nu…
Physical Science
-The first domain of science in which the tangible and materi…
Materials found on earth include:
elements, compounds, and mixtures
16 terms
Chemistry/Earth Science
Atomic Number
Electrons
Valence Electrons
Periodic Table
Tells you how many protons (+), Electrons (-) negative, Neutr…
Found in Energy Levels outside the nucleus known as the Elect…
electron in the outermost energy level. These determine an el…
organized by physical and chemical properties
Atomic Number
Tells you how many protons (+), Electrons (-) negative, Neutr…
Electrons
Found in Energy Levels outside the nucleus known as the Elect…
9 terms
Science of Chemistry
Chemistry
Chemical bond
Chemical reaction
Reactant
The study of matter and how it changes
Force of attraction that holds together afoms in a compound
A change in which chemical bonds are broken or made forming
Each substance brought together in a chemical reaction
Chemistry
The study of matter and how it changes
Chemical bond
Force of attraction that holds together afoms in a compound
18 terms
The science of chemistry
Atom
nucleus
electron
element
Basic unit of matter
Center of an atom
A negatively charged particle
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
Center of an atom
98 terms
Science Grade 9: Environmental Chemistry
Vitamin
Mineral
Nutrient
Protein
Essential organic substances we need daily in small amounts t…
Essential inorganic substances, usually required in small amo…
A substance that provides nourishment essential for growth an…
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
Vitamin
Essential organic substances we need daily in small amounts t…
Mineral
Essential inorganic substances, usually required in small amo…
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