Study sets matching "chemistry states matter"

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Study sets matching "chemistry states matter"

21 terms
CHEMISTRY States of Matter
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with no definite v…
3 common states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
solid, liquid, and gas
the state of matter with a definite vo…
solid
the state of matter with a definite vo…
liquid
12 terms
OSH Chemistry: States of Matter
substance
States of Matter
solid
liquid
(n) anything that is a solid, a liquid, or a gas
solids, liquids, gas, and plasma
(n) the state of matter that is able to hold a shape; its mol…
(n) the state of matter that forms to the shape of its contai…
substance
(n) anything that is a solid, a liquid, or a gas
States of Matter
solids, liquids, gas, and plasma
17 terms
Chemistry 2- States of Matter
atom
boiling
boiling point
condensation
the tiniest unit of matter that has the characteristics of an…
the process that occurs when vaporization takes place onside…
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
atom
the tiniest unit of matter that has the characteristics of an…
boiling
the process that occurs when vaporization takes place onside…
29 terms
CLEP Chemistry: States of Matter
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with no definite v…
states of matter (common)
solid
liquid
gas
solid, liquid, and gas
the state of matter with a definite vo…
solid
the state of matter with a definite vo…
liquid
27 terms
Chemistry (States of Matter)
Liquids and solids are often referred…
Gases, liquids and solids are all made…
Particles in a gas assume the shape an…
Particles in a gas are compressible lo…
Liquids and solids are often referred…
Gases, liquids and solids are all made…
Chemistry Vocabulary - States of Matter
Chemical
Chemical Reaction
States of Matter
Reactant
A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and c…
A process that leads to the transformation of one set of chem…
One of the distinct forms that matter takes on. solid, liquid…
A substance that is consumed in the course of a chemical reac…
Chemical
A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and c…
Chemical Reaction
A process that leads to the transformation of one set of chem…
38 terms
CHEMISTRY Complete States of Matter
atom
boiling
boiling point
condensation
the tiniest unit of matter that has the characteristics of an…
the process that occurs when vaporization takes place onside…
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
atom
the tiniest unit of matter that has the characteristics of an…
boiling
the process that occurs when vaporization takes place onside…
Chemistry: Matter and States of Matter
Temperature and pressure affect gases…
The constant motion of particles in ma…
(1) particles in a gas are hard sphere…
Gas pressure
How do temperature and and pressure affect gases?
What is the kinetic theory?
What are the three assumptions in the model for gases?
The kinetic theory can be used to explain what?
Temperature and pressure affect gases…
How do temperature and and pressure affect gases?
The constant motion of particles in ma…
What is the kinetic theory?
Chemistry Chapter 12 States of Matter
kinetic-molecular theory
elastic collision
temperature
diffusion
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles of motion
collision in which no kinetic energy is lost
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
the movement of one material through another from an area of…
kinetic-molecular theory
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles of motion
elastic collision
collision in which no kinetic energy is lost
Chemistry: States of Matter
Atmospheric Pressure
Barometer
Boiling
Condensation
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
The temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
Atmospheric Pressure
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
Barometer
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
29 terms
CLEP Chemistry: States of Matter
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with no definite v…
states of matter (common)
solid
liquid
gas
solid, liquid, and gas
the state of matter with a definite vo…
solid
the state of matter with a definite vo…
liquid
38 terms
CHEMISTRY Complete States of Matter
atom
boiling
boiling point
condensation
the tiniest unit of matter that has the characteristics of an…
the process that occurs when vaporization takes place onside…
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
atom
the tiniest unit of matter that has the characteristics of an…
boiling
the process that occurs when vaporization takes place onside…
Chemistry States of Matter
characteristics of gases
characteristics of liquids
characteristics of solids
What does the state of a substance dep…
1. assumes volume of container... 2. assumes shape of container…
1. doesn't assume volume of container ... 2. assumes shape of co…
1. doesn't assume volume of container... 2. doesn't assume shape…
temperature and intermolecular forces
characteristics of gases
1. assumes volume of container... 2. assumes shape of container…
characteristics of liquids
1. doesn't assume volume of container ... 2. assumes shape of co…
Chemistry States of Matter Quiz
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Combined Gas Law
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
63 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
Covalent Network
Metallic
Ionic
Covalent molecular
A chemical compound (or element) in which the atoms are bonde…
Electrons flow freely
Positive and negative ions arranged in a regular pattern
Crystal held by intermolecular forces such as ice
Covalent Network
A chemical compound (or element) in which the atoms are bonde…
Metallic
Electrons flow freely
29 terms
CLEP Chemistry: States of Matter
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with no definite v…
states of matter (common)
solid
liquid
gas
solid, liquid, and gas
the state of matter with a definite vo…
solid
the state of matter with a definite vo…
liquid
12 terms
Chemistry #3 - States of Matter
BOILING/CONDENSATION POINT
ENERGY
THERMAL ENERGY
GAS
The temperature at which a liquid turns to a gas or the other…
The ability to cause change or do work.
The energy in a substance due to the motion of its particles.
State of matter in which rapidly moving and widely spaced par…
BOILING/CONDENSATION POINT
The temperature at which a liquid turns to a gas or the other…
ENERGY
The ability to cause change or do work.
13 terms
Chemistry 12 - States of Matter
intramolecular forces
intermolecular forces
Kinetic Molecular Theory
phase
hold the atoms together inside of the molecule
attractive forces between molecules
Describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles in moti…
2 PHASES: solid & liquid... a homogeneous part of the system in…
intramolecular forces
hold the atoms together inside of the molecule
intermolecular forces
attractive forces between molecules
33 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 States of Matter
kinetic energy
kinetic-molecular theory
elastic collision
temperature
energy due to motion
describes the behavior of matter in terms of particles in mot…
is one in which no energy is lost
is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles i…
kinetic energy
energy due to motion
kinetic-molecular theory
describes the behavior of matter in terms of particles in mot…
31 terms
Chemistry Ch. 13 States of Matter
kinetic energy
kinetic theory
gas pressure
vacuum
the energy an object has due to its motion
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in rapid, cons…
due to billions of rapidly moving particles in a gas collidin…
an empty space with no particles and no gas pressure
kinetic energy
the energy an object has due to its motion
kinetic theory
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in rapid, cons…
21 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with no definite v…
3 common states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
solid, liquid, and gas
the state of matter with a definite vo…
solid
the state of matter with a definite vo…
liquid
33 terms
Chemistry - States of Matter
chemical property
reactant
product
physical property
a property of matter that describes a substance's ability to…
A substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
chemical property
a property of matter that describes a substance's ability to…
reactant
A substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
Chemistry States of Matter
Characteristic Property
Density
Phase Change
Solid
a chemical or physical property that helps identify and class…
Solid-Liquid-Gas
Characteristic Property
a chemical or physical property that helps identify and class…
Density
38 terms
Chemistry: States of Matter
solid
liquid
gas
Solid
A ______'s molecules vibrate.
A ______'s molecules slide past each other
A ______'s molecules are free to move and are very random.
________ is the state of matter that has a definete shape and…
solid
A ______'s molecules vibrate.
liquid
A ______'s molecules slide past each other
Chemistry states of matter
Rigid shape
Temp increase- small expansion
Virtually incompressible
Definite volume
Solid
Solid
Solid & liquid
Solid & Liquid
Rigid shape
Solid
Temp increase- small expansion
Solid
Chemistry - States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Solid
low energy and vibrates with little movement
medium energy and has an ability to flow
high energy and lots of rapid, random motion
Solid
low energy and vibrates with little movement
Liquid
medium energy and has an ability to flow
Chemistry States of Matter
Gas
Solid
Liquid
Chemical Properties
Does not have definite shape or size
takes up a defined amount of space; has a definitive shape; a…
takes up set amount of space; does not have a definite shape
describe how substances interact (or react) with other substa…
Gas
Does not have definite shape or size
Solid
takes up a defined amount of space; has a definitive shape; a…
chemistry states of matter
solid to a gas
solid to a liquid
liquid to a gas
gas to a solid
sublimation
melting
boiling
deposition
solid to a gas
sublimation
solid to a liquid
melting
states of matter chemistry
Solids
Liquids
Gases
Solid to a liquid
- Particles that are arranged in a regular pattern and very c…
- Particles are not in a regular arrangement and are close to…
- Particles are not in a regular arrangement and are very far…
Melting
Solids
- Particles that are arranged in a regular pattern and very c…
Liquids
- Particles are not in a regular arrangement and are close to…
26 terms
Chemistry Matter and Change: Chapter 12 - States of Matter
Intramolecular
Intermolecular
Hydrogen Bond
London Dispersion Forces
forces inside a molecule---aka bonds
forces between 2 different molecules
Strong version of dipole-dipole forces; occurs in a polar mol…
WEAK intermolecular forces caused by temporarily unbalanced e…
Intramolecular
forces inside a molecule---aka bonds
Intermolecular
forces between 2 different molecules
Chemistry states of matter
Atmospheric pressure
Boyles law
Combined
Charles law
Pressure exerted by the weight of the atmosphere
Volume, pressure
Volume, pressure, temperature
Volume, temperature
Atmospheric pressure
Pressure exerted by the weight of the atmosphere
Boyles law
Volume, pressure
7 terms
Chemistry states of matter
Pressure
Gas pressure
Gas pressure & temp
Gas pressure & volume
The result of a force distributed over an area
Affected by temp, volume, and number of particles
Raising the temp will increase pressure if volume and number…
Reducing the volume of a gas increases its pressure if the te…
Pressure
The result of a force distributed over an area
Gas pressure
Affected by temp, volume, and number of particles
64 terms
Matter/ Physical States - Chemistry
matter
categories of matter
element
compound
anything that has mass and volume
heterogeneous mixture ... homogeneous mixture... compound... element
listed on periodic table... single type of atom... could be bonded…
two or more different types of atoms bonded together... cannot b…
matter
anything that has mass and volume
categories of matter
heterogeneous mixture ... homogeneous mixture... compound... element
Chemistry States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Solid-Gas
Particles are packed close together and are in a fixed positi…
Particles are closely packed, but have the ability to move, i…
Particles have complete freedom from each other, constantly f…
Subliming
Solid
Particles are packed close together and are in a fixed positi…
Liquid
Particles are closely packed, but have the ability to move, i…
Chemistry: States of matter
Kinetic molecular theory
Ideal gas
Elastic collision
Diffusion
Based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
A hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of…
One in which there is no net loss of total kinetic energy
Spontaneous mixing of the particles of two substances caused…
Kinetic molecular theory
Based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
Ideal gas
A hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of…
Chemistry (States of Matter)
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume
Flows. Has constant volume and takes shape of container
Flows to conform to the shape of container and fills the enti…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Solid
Form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume
26 terms
Chemistry states of matter
diffusion
plateau
sublimation
solute
Partivles moving from a high concentration to a low concentra…
The stopping point where the particles are changing
Solid to gas
A substance that creates a solution when dissolved
diffusion
Partivles moving from a high concentration to a low concentra…
plateau
The stopping point where the particles are changing
Chemistry states of matter
Unit cell
Crystalline solid
Allotropes
Amorphous solid
Smallest group of particles within a crystal that retains the…
Structures are in uniformed arrangements, three dimensional
One of two or more different molecular forms of an element in…
Term used to describe a solid that lacks an ordered internal…
Unit cell
Smallest group of particles within a crystal that retains the…
Crystalline solid
Structures are in uniformed arrangements, three dimensional
53 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
gases
liquids
solids
The Kinetic Theory of Gases
indefinite volume and shape, low density (particles are farth…
definite volume, indefinite shape, high density (particles cl…
definite volume and shape, high density (particles close toge…
3 assumptions : gas is composed of particles (usually molecul…
gases
indefinite volume and shape, low density (particles are farth…
liquids
definite volume, indefinite shape, high density (particles cl…
15 terms
Chemistry Vocab (states of matter)
solids
crystalline solids
amorphous solids
liquid
have a definite shape and volume (particles are close togethe…
particles are arranged in a regular repeating pattern (also h…
particles are group together (do not have specific melting po…
is a fluid, it has definite volume but not a definite shape (…
solids
have a definite shape and volume (particles are close togethe…
crystalline solids
particles are arranged in a regular repeating pattern (also h…
7 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary: States of Matter
Boyle's Law
Charle's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Graham's Law
Pressure and volume are inversely related
Volume and temperature are directly related
Temperature and pressure are directly related
Rate of a gas is inversely related to its molar mass
Boyle's Law
Pressure and volume are inversely related
Charle's Law
Volume and temperature are directly related
40 terms
Chemistry- States of Matter
Crystalline Solids
Amorphous Solids
Crystalline Covalent Network Solid
Crystalline Ionic Solid
atoms, ions or molecules lie in an orderly array
atoms, ions, or molecules lie in a random arrangement
-strongest crystal structure... -many covalent bonds form one mo…
-slightly weaker ... -organized, regular arrangement with ionic…
Crystalline Solids
atoms, ions or molecules lie in an orderly array
Amorphous Solids
atoms, ions, or molecules lie in a random arrangement
Chemistry: States of Matter
ionic crystals
group 1 or 2, group 16 or 17
covalent network
metallic crystals
structure consists of positive and negative ions arranged in…
ionic bonds usually happen between
each atom is covalently bound to nearest neighbor; relatively…
metal cations surrounded by sea of delocalized valence electr…
ionic crystals
structure consists of positive and negative ions arranged in…
group 1 or 2, group 16 or 17
ionic bonds usually happen between
22 terms
Chemistry States of Matter Vocab
allotrope
amorphous solid
atmospheric pressure
barometer
different structural modifications of an element; the atoms o…
a solid in which there is no long-range order of the position…
force per unit area exerted on a surface by the weight of air…
an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure, used especially…
allotrope
different structural modifications of an element; the atoms o…
amorphous solid
a solid in which there is no long-range order of the position…
51 terms
Chemistry - States of Matter
Heat
Melting point
Vapor
Vaporization
Energy that is in the process of flowing from a warmer object…
Temperature at which forces holding a crystal lattice are bro…
Gaseous state of a substance that is a solid or liquid at roo…
Process by which a liquid changes to a gas or vapor
Heat
Energy that is in the process of flowing from a warmer object…
Melting point
Temperature at which forces holding a crystal lattice are bro…
27 terms
Chemistry- States of Matter & Thermochemistry
Energy
enthalpy "H"
Specific Heat Capacity "Cp" or "c"
calorie "cal"
The capacity to do work or to supply heat.
Is the heat content of a system.
The amount of heat it takes to raise 1 gram OF A SUBSTANCE by…
The amount of heat it takes to raise 1 gram OF WATER by 1°C
Energy
The capacity to do work or to supply heat.
enthalpy "H"
Is the heat content of a system.
Chemistry States of Matter Vocabulary
Melting
Vaporization
Condensation
Sublimation
Changing from a solid to a liquid
Changing from a liquid to a gas
Changing from a gas to a liquid
Direct change from a solid to a gas without going through the…
Melting
Changing from a solid to a liquid
Vaporization
Changing from a liquid to a gas
Chemistry States of Matter
allotope
amorphous solid
atmospheric pressure
barometer
two or more different molecular forms of the same element in…
lacks an ordered internal structure
results from the collision of atoms and molecules in the air…
device used to measure atmospheric pressure
allotope
two or more different molecular forms of the same element in…
amorphous solid
lacks an ordered internal structure
39 terms
Chemistry states of matter
Type of solid: atoms arranged in order…
Type of solid: atoms arranged in rando…
Least compressible states of matter
Lowest kinetic energy in states of mat…
Crystalline
Amorphous
Solid
Solid
Type of solid: atoms arranged in order…
Crystalline
Type of solid: atoms arranged in rando…
Amorphous
5 terms
Chemistry states of matter
Endothermic
Exothermic
Energy --- from liquid to solid
Energy --- from solid to liquid
Absorbs heat
Releases heat
Released
Absorbed
Endothermic
Absorbs heat
Exothermic
Releases heat
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