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Study sets matching "chemistry states matter"

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Study sets matching "chemistry states matter"

12 terms
OSH Chemistry: States of Matter
substance
States of Matter
solid
liquid
(n) anything that is a solid, a liquid, or a gas
solids, liquids, gas, and plasma
(n) the state of matter that is able to hold a shape; its mol…
(n) the state of matter that forms to the shape of its contai…
substance
(n) anything that is a solid, a liquid, or a gas
States of Matter
solids, liquids, gas, and plasma
27 terms
Chemistry (States of Matter)
Liquids and solids are often referred…
Gases, liquids and solids are all made…
Particles in a gas assume the shape an…
Particles in a gas are compressible lo…
Liquids and solids are often referred…
Gases, liquids and solids are all made…
Chemistry Chapter 12 States of Matter
kinetic-molecular theory
elastic collision
temperature
diffusion
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles of motion
collision in which no kinetic energy is lost
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
the movement of one material through another from an area of…
kinetic-molecular theory
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles of motion
elastic collision
collision in which no kinetic energy is lost
23 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary - States of Matter
Chemical
Chemical Reaction
States of Matter
Reactant
A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and c…
A process that leads to the transformation of one set of chem…
One of the distinct forms that matter takes on. solid, liquid…
A substance that is consumed in the course of a chemical reac…
Chemical
A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and c…
Chemical Reaction
A process that leads to the transformation of one set of chem…
29 terms
CLEP Chemistry: States of Matter
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with no definite v…
states of matter (common)
solid
liquid
gas
solid, liquid, and gas
the state of matter with a definite vo…
solid
the state of matter with a definite vo…
liquid
10 terms
Chemistry 1: States of matter
Solid's arrangement, movement and ener…
Liquid's arrangement, movement and ene…
Gases arrangement, movement and energy…
Solid to liquid
Arrangement: Close together. Regular pattern/ Lattice arrange…
Arrangement: Quite closely packed. Randomly arranged... Movemen…
Arrangement: Spaced out. Randomly arranged... Movement: Move fr…
Melting... If you heat the solid (give the particles more energ…
Solid's arrangement, movement and ener…
Arrangement: Close together. Regular pattern/ Lattice arrange…
Liquid's arrangement, movement and ene…
Arrangement: Quite closely packed. Randomly arranged... Movemen…
53 terms
Chemistry: Matter and States of Matter
Temperature and pressure affect gases…
The constant motion of particles in ma…
(1) particles in a gas are hard sphere…
Gas pressure
How do temperature and and pressure affect gases?
What is the kinetic theory?
What are the three assumptions in the model for gases?
The kinetic theory can be used to explain what?
Temperature and pressure affect gases…
How do temperature and and pressure affect gases?
The constant motion of particles in ma…
What is the kinetic theory?
21 terms
Chemistry: States of Matter
Atmospheric Pressure
Barometer
Boiling
Condensation
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
The temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
Atmospheric Pressure
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
Barometer
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
29 terms
CLEP Chemistry: States of Matter
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with no definite v…
states of matter (common)
solid
liquid
gas
solid, liquid, and gas
the state of matter with a definite vo…
solid
the state of matter with a definite vo…
liquid
18 terms
Chemistry States of Matter Quiz
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Combined Gas Law
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
27 terms
Chemistry- States of Matter & Thermochemistry
Energy
enthalpy "H"
Specific Heat Capacity "Cp" or "c"
calorie "cal"
The capacity to do work or to supply heat.
Is the heat content of a system.
The amount of heat it takes to raise 1 gram OF A SUBSTANCE by…
The amount of heat it takes to raise 1 gram OF WATER by 1°C
Energy
The capacity to do work or to supply heat.
enthalpy "H"
Is the heat content of a system.
29 terms
CLEP Chemistry: States of Matter
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with a definite vo…
the state of matter with no definite v…
states of matter (common)
solid
liquid
gas
solid, liquid, and gas
the state of matter with a definite vo…
solid
the state of matter with a definite vo…
liquid
12 terms
Chemistry #3 - States of Matter
BOILING/CONDENSATION POINT
ENERGY
THERMAL ENERGY
GAS
The temperature at which a liquid turns to a gas or the other…
The ability to cause change or do work.
The energy in a substance due to the motion of its particles.
State of matter in which rapidly moving and widely spaced par…
BOILING/CONDENSATION POINT
The temperature at which a liquid turns to a gas or the other…
ENERGY
The ability to cause change or do work.
13 terms
Chemistry 12 - States of Matter
intramolecular forces
intermolecular forces
Kinetic Molecular Theory
phase
hold the atoms together inside of the molecule
attractive forces between molecules
Describes the behavior of gases in terms of particles in moti…
2 PHASES: solid & liquid... a homogeneous part of the system in…
intramolecular forces
hold the atoms together inside of the molecule
intermolecular forces
attractive forces between molecules
9 terms
Chemistry- States of matter
How are particles arranged in a solid?
How are particles arranged in a liquid?
How are particles arranged in a gas?
How do you change a solid into a liquid?
-There are strong forces of attraction between particles, whi…
-There is a weak force of attraction between the particles. T…
-There is a very, very weak force of attraction between parti…
-As the solid is heated, the particles vibrate more and more…
How are particles arranged in a solid?
-There are strong forces of attraction between particles, whi…
How are particles arranged in a liquid?
-There is a weak force of attraction between the particles. T…
40 terms
Physics/Chemistry: States of Matter
The two Liquid to Gas phase changes are?
SOLID -> GAS phase change is known as?
GAS -> SOLID phase change is known as?
SOLID -> LIQUID phase change is known…
Evaporation: Liquid to gas only at the surface... Boiling: Liqu…
Sublimation
Deposition
Melting
The two Liquid to Gas phase changes are?
Evaporation: Liquid to gas only at the surface... Boiling: Liqu…
SOLID -> GAS phase change is known as?
Sublimation
33 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 States of Matter
kinetic energy
kinetic-molecular theory
elastic collision
temperature
energy due to motion
describes the behavior of matter in terms of particles in mot…
is one in which no energy is lost
is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles i…
kinetic energy
energy due to motion
kinetic-molecular theory
describes the behavior of matter in terms of particles in mot…
13 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
Characteristic Property
Density
Phase Change
Solid
a chemical or physical property that helps identify and class…
Solid-Liquid-Gas
Characteristic Property
a chemical or physical property that helps identify and class…
Density
54 terms
Chemistry - Revision (States of Matter & Mixtures)
mixture
solution
solute
solvent
Two or more pure substances that have been stirred together,…
Formed when a solute is dissolves into a solvent
The substance (eg.salt) which dissolves into the solvent
The substance (eg. water) into which a solute dissolves
mixture
Two or more pure substances that have been stirred together,…
solution
Formed when a solute is dissolves into a solvent
15 terms
Chemistry Vocab (states of matter)
solids
crystalline solids
amorphous solids
liquid
have a definite shape and volume (particles are close togethe…
particles are arranged in a regular repeating pattern (also h…
particles are group together (do not have specific melting po…
is a fluid, it has definite volume but not a definite shape (…
solids
have a definite shape and volume (particles are close togethe…
crystalline solids
particles are arranged in a regular repeating pattern (also h…
40 terms
Chemistry- States of Matter
Crystalline Solids
Amorphous Solids
Crystalline Covalent Network Solid
Crystalline Ionic Solid
atoms, ions or molecules lie in an orderly array
atoms, ions, or molecules lie in a random arrangement
-strongest crystal structure... -many covalent bonds form one mo…
-slightly weaker ... -organized, regular arrangement with ionic…
Crystalline Solids
atoms, ions or molecules lie in an orderly array
Amorphous Solids
atoms, ions, or molecules lie in a random arrangement
30 terms
Chemistry: States of Matter
ionic crystals
group 1 or 2, group 16 or 17
covalent network
metallic crystals
structure consists of positive and negative ions arranged in…
ionic bonds usually happen between
each atom is covalently bound to nearest neighbor; relatively…
metal cations surrounded by sea of delocalized valence electr…
ionic crystals
structure consists of positive and negative ions arranged in…
group 1 or 2, group 16 or 17
ionic bonds usually happen between
64 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
characteristics of gases
characteristics of liquids
characteristics of solids
What does the state of a substance dep…
1. assumes volume of container... 2. assumes shape of container…
1. doesn't assume volume of container ... 2. assumes shape of co…
1. doesn't assume volume of container... 2. doesn't assume shape…
temperature and intermolecular forces
characteristics of gases
1. assumes volume of container... 2. assumes shape of container…
characteristics of liquids
1. doesn't assume volume of container ... 2. assumes shape of co…
33 terms
Chemistry - States of Matter
chemical property
reactant
product
physical property
a property of matter that describes a substance's ability to…
A substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
chemical property
a property of matter that describes a substance's ability to…
reactant
A substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
23 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary - States of matter
Chemical
Chemical Reaction
States of Matter
Reactant
A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and c…
A process that leads to the transformation of one set of chem…
One of the distinct forms that matter takes on. solid, liquid…
A substance that is consumed in the course of a chemical reac…
Chemical
A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and c…
Chemical Reaction
A process that leads to the transformation of one set of chem…
38 terms
Chemistry: States of Matter
solid
liquid
gas
Solid
A ______'s molecules vibrate.
A ______'s molecules slide past each other
A ______'s molecules are free to move and are very random.
________ is the state of matter that has a definete shape and…
solid
A ______'s molecules vibrate.
liquid
A ______'s molecules slide past each other
13 terms
Chemistry: States of Matter
solid
liquid
gas
melting
particles can vibrate, but can't move freely
particles can slide past one another
particles can move freely
changing from solid to liquid
solid
particles can vibrate, but can't move freely
liquid
particles can slide past one another
12 terms
Chemistry - States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Solid
low energy and vibrates with little movement
medium energy and has an ability to flow
high energy and lots of rapid, random motion
Solid
low energy and vibrates with little movement
Liquid
medium energy and has an ability to flow
31 terms
Chemistry Ch. 13 States of Matter
kinetic energy
kinetic theory
gas pressure
vacuum
the energy an object has due to its motion
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in rapid, cons…
due to billions of rapidly moving particles in a gas collidin…
an empty space with no particles and no gas pressure
kinetic energy
the energy an object has due to its motion
kinetic theory
all matter consists of tiny particles that are in rapid, cons…
63 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
Covalent Network
Metallic
Ionic
Covalent molecular
A chemical compound (or element) in which the atoms are bonde…
Electrons flow freely
Positive and negative ions arranged in a regular pattern
Crystal held by intermolecular forces such as ice
Covalent Network
A chemical compound (or element) in which the atoms are bonde…
Metallic
Electrons flow freely
5 terms
Chemistry 09 - States of Matter
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
The physical forms in which all matter naturally exists.
State of matter with fixed shape and volume.
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume.
States of Matter
The physical forms in which all matter naturally exists.
Solid
State of matter with fixed shape and volume.
17 terms
Chemistry Test States of Matter
solid
gas
gas
solid
Which state of matter has the most ordered arrangement of mol…
Which state of matter has the most random arrangement of mole…
Which state of matter has the fastest moving particles?
Which state of matter has the slowest moving particles?
solid
Which state of matter has the most ordered arrangement of mol…
gas
Which state of matter has the most random arrangement of mole…
30 terms
Chemistry: States of Matter
ionic crystals
ionic bonds usually happen between
covalent network
metallic crystals
structure consists of positive and negative ions arranged in…
group 1 or 2, group 16 or 17
each atom is covalently bound to nearest neighbor; relatively…
metal cations surrounded by sea of delocalized valence electr…
ionic crystals
structure consists of positive and negative ions arranged in…
ionic bonds usually happen between
group 1 or 2, group 16 or 17
15 terms
The Building Blocks of Chemistry- States of Matter
Solid
Solid
Solid
Liquid
Particles vibrate in regular rows and have low kinetic energy
Particles are tightly packed and cannot be compressed
Have a fixed shape and volume
Particles are close together but move about freely
Solid
Particles vibrate in regular rows and have low kinetic energy
Solid
Particles are tightly packed and cannot be compressed
15 terms
Chemistry 2: states of matter
What are the 4 states of matter?
All matter is made of tiny particles c…
Solids
Two categories of solids
-solid (ex: ice)... -liquid (ex: water)... -gas (ex: water vapor co…
atoms, molecules
-have a definite shape and volume... -can't be changed... -cannot f…
-crystalline... -amorphous
What are the 4 states of matter?
-solid (ex: ice)... -liquid (ex: water)... -gas (ex: water vapor co…
All matter is made of tiny particles c…
atoms, molecules
14 terms
Chemistry - States of matter
Solids
Liquids
Gases
Melting point
Definite shape... Definite volume... Higher densities... Do not flow…
Definite volume but no definite shape... Can flow... Cannot be co…
No shape or volume... Lower densities... Can flow... Can be compres…
The temperature where a pure substance changes from a solid t…
Solids
Definite shape... Definite volume... Higher densities... Do not flow…
Liquids
Definite volume but no definite shape... Can flow... Cannot be co…
26 terms
Chemistry Matter and Change: Chapter 12 - States of Matter
Intramolecular
Intermolecular
Hydrogen Bond
London Dispersion Forces
forces inside a molecule---aka bonds
forces between 2 different molecules
Strong version of dipole-dipole forces; occurs in a polar mol…
WEAK intermolecular forces caused by temporarily unbalanced e…
Intramolecular
forces inside a molecule---aka bonds
Intermolecular
forces between 2 different molecules
18 terms
Applied chemistry states of matter
gas particles
liquid particles
solid particles
kinetic energy
move rapid, constant and random.
have an attraction among particles. Particles slide.
vibrate
energy of motion
gas particles
move rapid, constant and random.
liquid particles
have an attraction among particles. Particles slide.
15 terms
Chemistry ~ States of matter
Solid's Arrangement, Forces of Attract…
Liquid's Arrangement, Forces of Attrac…
Gas's Arrangement, Forces of Attractio…
Solids are compressible? Able to flow?…
Particles touching in a regular pattern, Strong forces of att…
Particles touch in a random arrangement, Intermediate forces…
Particles far apart in random pattern, Very weak forces of at…
No, No, Fixed Shape, Very dense.
Solid's Arrangement, Forces of Attract…
Particles touching in a regular pattern, Strong forces of att…
Liquid's Arrangement, Forces of Attrac…
Particles touch in a random arrangement, Intermediate forces…
6 terms
States of matter - Chemistry
solid to liquid
liquid to solid
liquid to gas
gas to liquid
melting
freezing
evaporation
condensation
solid to liquid
melting
liquid to solid
freezing
16 terms
States of Matter- Chapter 6- Chemistry
States of matter
solid
liquid
gas
solid, liquid, gas
Definite shape and volume
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
States of matter
solid, liquid, gas
solid
Definite shape and volume
64 terms
Matter/ Physical States - Chemistry
matter
categories of matter
element
compound
anything that has mass and volume
heterogeneous mixture ... homogeneous mixture... compound... element
listed on periodic table... single type of atom... could be bonded…
two or more different types of atoms bonded together... cannot b…
matter
anything that has mass and volume
categories of matter
heterogeneous mixture ... homogeneous mixture... compound... element
Chemistry States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Solid-Gas
Particles are packed close together and are in a fixed positi…
Particles are closely packed, but have the ability to move, i…
Particles have complete freedom from each other, constantly f…
Subliming
Solid
Particles are packed close together and are in a fixed positi…
Liquid
Particles are closely packed, but have the ability to move, i…
53 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
gases
liquids
solids
The Kinetic Theory of Gases
indefinite volume and shape, low density (particles are farth…
definite volume, indefinite shape, high density (particles cl…
definite volume and shape, high density (particles close toge…
3 assumptions : gas is composed of particles (usually molecul…
gases
indefinite volume and shape, low density (particles are farth…
liquids
definite volume, indefinite shape, high density (particles cl…
51 terms
Chemistry - States of Matter
Heat
Melting point
Vapor
Vaporization
Energy that is in the process of flowing from a warmer object…
Temperature at which forces holding a crystal lattice are bro…
Gaseous state of a substance that is a solid or liquid at roo…
Process by which a liquid changes to a gas or vapor
Heat
Energy that is in the process of flowing from a warmer object…
Melting point
Temperature at which forces holding a crystal lattice are bro…
19 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
allotope
amorphous solid
atmospheric pressure
barometer
two or more different molecular forms of the same element in…
lacks an ordered internal structure
results from the collision of atoms and molecules in the air…
device used to measure atmospheric pressure
allotope
two or more different molecular forms of the same element in…
amorphous solid
lacks an ordered internal structure
17 terms
Chemistry - States of Matter
What is diffusion?
What is an atom?
What is an element?
What is a molecule?
The process in which particles mix by colliding randomly with…
Elements are made up of atoms, which contain protons, neutron…
A substance that cannot be split into anything simpler, in a…
A unit of two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds.
What is diffusion?
The process in which particles mix by colliding randomly with…
What is an atom?
Elements are made up of atoms, which contain protons, neutron…
18 terms
Chemistry- States of Matter (#1)
Matter
What is the particulate theory of matt…
Diffusion
Osmosis
Anything that occupies space and is made up of substances.
-That all matter is made up of tiny particles and are in cons…
The movement of particles from a region of high concentration…
Movement of water molecules from a region of high H20 particl…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and is made up of substances.
What is the particulate theory of matt…
-That all matter is made up of tiny particles and are in cons…
5 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
Liquid → Solid
Gas → Liquid
Solid → Liquid
Liquid → Gas
Freeze/ solidify
Condense
Melt
Boil/evaporate
Liquid → Solid
Freeze/ solidify
Gas → Liquid
Condense
11 terms
Chemistry states of matter vocabulary
Temperature
Kinetic energy
Absolute zero
Intermolecular forces
The average amount of kinetic energy in an object
The Energy of movement
Lowest temperature on the Kelvin scale/particle movement stops
Attractions between particles
Temperature
The average amount of kinetic energy in an object
Kinetic energy
The Energy of movement
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