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Study sets matching "chemistry states matter"

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Study sets matching "chemistry states matter"

32 terms
chemistry states of matter
viscosity
surface tension
melting
Freezing
thick liquid (honey)
How hard it is to pierce a liquid
solid changes into a liquid
liquid changes into a solid
viscosity
thick liquid (honey)
surface tension
How hard it is to pierce a liquid
5 terms
Chemistry - States of Matter
Solid→liquid
Liquid→Gas
Gas→Liquid
Liquid→Solid
Melting
Boiling
Condensation
Freezing
Solid→liquid
Melting
Liquid→Gas
Boiling
16 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Has no definite shape; but a definite…
A state of matter that has a definite volume and a definite s…
A state of matter that has a definite volume; but no definite…
A state of matter that has no definite volume and no definite…
Liquid
Solid
A state of matter that has a definite volume and a definite s…
Liquid
A state of matter that has a definite volume; but no definite…
13 terms
states of matter chemistry
Solids
Liquids
Gases
Solid to a liquid
- Particles that are arranged in a regular pattern and very c…
- Particles are not in a regular arrangement and are close to…
- Particles are not in a regular arrangement and are very far…
Melting
Solids
- Particles that are arranged in a regular pattern and very c…
Liquids
- Particles are not in a regular arrangement and are close to…
30 terms
Chemistry (States of Matter)
allotrope
atmospheric pressure
barometer
boiling point
two or more different forms of the same element in the same p…
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
measures atmospheric pressure
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ju…
allotrope
two or more different forms of the same element in the same p…
atmospheric pressure
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
40 terms
Chemistry states of matter
Atmospheric pressure
Boyles law
Combined
Charles law
Pressure exerted by the weight of the atmosphere
Volume, pressure
Volume, pressure, temperature
Volume, temperature
Atmospheric pressure
Pressure exerted by the weight of the atmosphere
Boyles law
Volume, pressure
37 terms
Chemistry States of Matter Vocab
kinetic molecular theory
ideal gas
elastic collision
diffusion
based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
a hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of…
a collision in which there is no net loss of total kinetic en…
spontaneous mixing of the particles of two substances caused…
kinetic molecular theory
based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
ideal gas
a hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of…
15 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
Movement of Solids
Movement of Liquids
Movement of Gases
Arrangement of Solids
They vibrate on the spot
They move around each other
They move quickly and randomly in all directions
They are close together and stay in a regular pattern
Movement of Solids
They vibrate on the spot
Movement of Liquids
They move around each other
38 terms
Chemistry: States of matter
Kinetic molecular theory
Ideal gas
Elastic collision
Diffusion
Based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
A hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of…
One in which there is no net loss of total kinetic energy
Spontaneous mixing of the particles of two substances caused…
Kinetic molecular theory
Based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
Ideal gas
A hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of…
23 terms
Chemistry (States of Matter)
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume
Flows. Has constant volume and takes shape of container
Flows to conform to the shape of container and fills the enti…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Solid
Form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume
26 terms
Chemistry states of matter
diffusion
plateau
sublimation
solute
Partivles moving from a high concentration to a low concentra…
The stopping point where the particles are changing
Solid to gas
A substance that creates a solution when dissolved
diffusion
Partivles moving from a high concentration to a low concentra…
plateau
The stopping point where the particles are changing
29 terms
Chemistry KMT & States of Matter
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Temperature
Same kinetic energy
Bose-Einstein Condensate, solid, liqui…
Describes the behavior of gasses in terms of particles in mot…
Measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a s…
Same Temperature =
Five stages of matter
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Describes the behavior of gasses in terms of particles in mot…
Temperature
Measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a s…
20 terms
Chemistry states of matter
Unit cell
Crystalline solid
Allotropes
Amorphous solid
Smallest group of particles within a crystal that retains the…
Structures are in uniformed arrangements, three dimensional
One of two or more different molecular forms of an element in…
Term used to describe a solid that lacks an ordered internal…
Unit cell
Smallest group of particles within a crystal that retains the…
Crystalline solid
Structures are in uniformed arrangements, three dimensional
11 terms
Chemistry Honors States of Matter
Fixed Shape&Fixed Volume
Volume is shape of container
Volume is varied
Molecules very close with arrangement/…
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Solid
Fixed Shape&Fixed Volume
Solid
Volume is shape of container
Liquid
22 terms
Chemistry States of Matter Vocab
allotrope
amorphous solid
atmospheric pressure
barometer
different structural modifications of an element; the atoms o…
a solid in which there is no long-range order of the position…
force per unit area exerted on a surface by the weight of air…
an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure, used especially…
allotrope
different structural modifications of an element; the atoms o…
amorphous solid
a solid in which there is no long-range order of the position…
39 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
mass and volume of a solid
particles of a solid
crystalline solids
unit cell
do not change in or out of a container
particles with strong attractive intermolecular forces
solids with atoms, ions, and molecules arranged in orderly ge…
smallest portion of a crystal lattice that shows the 3d patte…
mass and volume of a solid
do not change in or out of a container
particles of a solid
particles with strong attractive intermolecular forces
10 terms
CHEMISTRY: States of matter
Properties of solids (2)
Properties of liquids (2)
Properties of gases (2)
Changing states:... Solid-Liquid-Gas
Fixed shape and cannot flow... Cannot be compressed
Flow and take shape of container... Cannot be compressed
Flow and completely fill their container... Can be compressed
melting, boiling/evaporating
Properties of solids (2)
Fixed shape and cannot flow... Cannot be compressed
Properties of liquids (2)
Flow and take shape of container... Cannot be compressed
18 terms
Chemistry States of Matter Vocabulary
Melting
Vaporization
Condensation
Sublimation
Changing from a solid to a liquid
Changing from a liquid to a gas
Changing from a gas to a liquid
Direct change from a solid to a gas without going through the…
Melting
Changing from a solid to a liquid
Vaporization
Changing from a liquid to a gas
6 terms
Chemistry the states of matter
Solid (particles)
Liquid (particles)
Gas (particles)
Solid (shape)
packed tightly together
touching but not tightly packed
very spread out from each other
holds it's shape
Solid (particles)
packed tightly together
Liquid (particles)
touching but not tightly packed
24 terms
AP Chemistry States of Matter
phase diagram
triple point
critical point
X-ray diffraction
a map of the state of matter at different temperatures and pr…
The temperature and pressure at which matter exists in all th…
The temperature and pressure above which a supercritical liqu…
technique in which we are able to determine the arrangement o…
phase diagram
a map of the state of matter at different temperatures and pr…
triple point
The temperature and pressure at which matter exists in all th…
31 terms
Chemistry: States of Matter Test
vapor pressure
increases
boiling point
boiling point
pressure produced by gas particles escaping from a solid or a…
as temperature increases, vapor pressure _________ because th…
when vapor pressure=atmospheric pressure, the substance has r…
at higher elevations, the atmospheric pressure is lower, and…
vapor pressure
pressure produced by gas particles escaping from a solid or a…
increases
as temperature increases, vapor pressure _________ because th…
41 terms
Chemistry ew (States of Matter)
allotrope
amorphous solid
unit cell
normal boiling point
a different molecular form of the same element
lacks an ordered internal structure
the smallest group of particles that retains the shape of the…
point at which vapor pressure equals standard pressure
allotrope
a different molecular form of the same element
amorphous solid
lacks an ordered internal structure
19 terms
chemistry - states of matter
kinetic molecular theory
solids
liquid
gas
particles of matter are always in motion
least energy; atoms are packed tightly with little movement
medium energy; atoms are father apart
lots of energy; molecules are very spread out and move around…
kinetic molecular theory
particles of matter are always in motion
solids
least energy; atoms are packed tightly with little movement
65 terms
Chemistry and States of Matter
What is matter?
What are atoms?
What are molecules?
What is a compound?
Anything that has mass and volume
The building blocks of matter. Made of protons, electrons, an…
Two or more atoms that are joined together chemically. Elemen…
A molecule that has two or more different elements joined tog…
What is matter?
Anything that has mass and volume
What are atoms?
The building blocks of matter. Made of protons, electrons, an…
35 terms
chemistry states of matter test
kinetic theory
kinetic energy
law of conservation of energy
surface tension
a theory explaining the states of matter, based on the concep…
the energy an object has because of its motion
in any chemical or physical process, energy is neither create…
an inward force that tends to minimize the surface area of a…
kinetic theory
a theory explaining the states of matter, based on the concep…
kinetic energy
the energy an object has because of its motion
28 terms
Chemistry States of Matter Vocab
equilibrium
freezing
molar enthalpy of fusion
volatile liquid
when a chemical reaction and its reverse occur at the same ra…
process where a substance experiences a physical change from…
amount of energy it takes to change 1 mol of substance from a…
a liquid that turns to vapor easily and has weak forces of at…
equilibrium
when a chemical reaction and its reverse occur at the same ra…
freezing
process where a substance experiences a physical change from…
9 terms
chemistry - states of matter
strong bonds
fixed shape
hard to compress
some bonding
solid
solid
solid
liquid
strong bonds
solid
fixed shape
solid
8 terms
Chemistry - states of matter
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Do solids have a fixed volume?
Are liquids compressible?
Have gases got a fixed shape?
Does a gas flow?
Yes
Do solids have a fixed volume?
Yes
Are liquids compressible?
30 terms
Chemistry States of Matter Test
↑ pressure = __ volume
↑ temp= __ volume
↑ temp= __pressure
↑ volume=__ moles
↑ pressure = __ volume
↑ temp= __ volume
15 terms
Chemistry EOYT - States of Matter
Particles in a solid - why?
Particles in a liquid - why?
Particles in a gas - why?
What is sublimation?... Examples...
Particles are packed tightly in a regular formation and vibra…
Randomly placed, Flowing over one another.... Because there are…
Randomly placed, far apart and move in a rapid, random motion…
When a solid turns into a gas without going through the liqui…
Particles in a solid - why?
Particles are packed tightly in a regular formation and vibra…
Particles in a liquid - why?
Randomly placed, Flowing over one another.... Because there are…
17 terms
Chemistry-States of matter
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Liquid
Close together and arranged randomly
The BONDS in a ——— are strong enough to stay close together b…
They flow + take shape of container
Cannot be compressed as they have no space to move into
Liquid
Close together and arranged randomly
Liquid
The BONDS in a ——— are strong enough to stay close together b…
18 terms
Physical Chemistry: States of Matter
Phase
Solid
Liquid
Gas
State of Matter
Shape, Vol.
No Shape, Has Vol.
No Shape and No Volume
Phase
State of Matter
Solid
Shape, Vol.
129 terms
AP Chemistry - States of Matter
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
-273.15C
Charles
shows that P and V have an inverse relationship
shows that V and T have a direct relationship
absolute 0 in C
discovered absolute zero
Boyle's Law
shows that P and V have an inverse relationship
Charles' Law
shows that V and T have a direct relationship
46 terms
Honors Chemistry States of Matter
Kinetic Energy
Kinetic Theory
Pressure
Vacuum
Energy due to motion. Increases as temperature increases beca…
All particles are in constant motion.
Force exerted on a surface. Increases as temperature increase…
A space entirely devoid of matter. No particles, no pressure.
Kinetic Energy
Energy due to motion. Increases as temperature increases beca…
Kinetic Theory
All particles are in constant motion.
States of matter- chemistry/ Houser
Intramolecular
Intermolecular
Solid or liquid
Distance
Bonds between aroms in a compound
Forces holding one molecule to another
Intermolecular forces help to hold a substance together as a
Molecules VERY close... Molecules CLOSE... molecules FAR apart
Intramolecular
Bonds between aroms in a compound
Intermolecular
Forces holding one molecule to another
14 terms
IGCSE;CHEMISTRY; states of matter
Distillation
Chromotography
Separation technique
Sublimation
Separating a solvent from its solution
Separating a mix of dyes
To separate substances from a mixture
Going from a gas to a solid without passing by a liquid
Distillation
Separating a solvent from its solution
Chromotography
Separating a mix of dyes
54 terms
Chemistry - Revision (States of Matter & Mixtures)
mixture
solution
solute
solvent
Two or more pure substances that have been stirred together,…
Formed when a solute is dissolves into a solvent
The substance (eg.salt) which dissolves into the solvent
The substance (eg. water) into which a solute dissolves
mixture
Two or more pure substances that have been stirred together,…
solution
Formed when a solute is dissolves into a solvent
60 terms
Chemistry- States of Matter Test
Kinetic energy
Kinetic theory
The particles in gas are considered to…
Within a gas the particles are relativ…
the energy an object has because of its motion
all matter consists of tiny particles that are constantly in…
small hard spheres
far apart
Kinetic energy
the energy an object has because of its motion
Kinetic theory
all matter consists of tiny particles that are constantly in…
33 terms
Chemistry - states of matter
Define particles in a solid
Do particles in a solid move ?
Define particles n a liquid
Do liquids have strong forces of attra…
Tightly packed together - strong forces of attraction holding…
No they vibrate - they hold a definite shape
Move about by sliding past each other - close together but NO…
They have weaker forces than a solid
Define particles in a solid
Tightly packed together - strong forces of attraction holding…
Do particles in a solid move ?
No they vibrate - they hold a definite shape
36 terms
Chemistry States of Matter and Solutions
amorphous solid
aqueous solution
boiling point
boiling point elevation
describes a solid that lacks an ordered internal structure; d…
water that contains dissolved substances
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ju…
the difference in temperature between the boiling point of a…
amorphous solid
describes a solid that lacks an ordered internal structure; d…
aqueous solution
water that contains dissolved substances
51 terms
Chemistry - states of matter
40... Ca - how many protons are there?... 20
79... Se - how many neutrons?... 34
197... Au - how many electrons?... 79
What is the relative mass for protons
20 (bottom number)
45 (top number minus the bottom number)
79 (bottom number)
1
40... Ca - how many protons are there?... 20
20 (bottom number)
79... Se - how many neutrons?... 34
45 (top number minus the bottom number)
10 terms
Chemistry States of matter
Ice- melts-water-freezes-ice
In which state do particles move most…
In which state are there particles fur…
In which state do particles vibrate ab…
Condensing-water-boil-steam-Condensing
Gas
Gas
Solid
Ice- melts-water-freezes-ice
Condensing-water-boil-steam-Condensing
In which state do particles move most…
Gas
41 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
do gas particles move in a straight line
why is mercury used to measure atmosph…
is the pressure higher at sea level or…
1) gases consist of large numbers of tiny spherical particles…
yes
because mercury is denser than water and doesn't evaporate ea…
sea level
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
1) gases consist of large numbers of tiny spherical particles…
do gas particles move in a straight line
yes
21 terms
Chemistry-States of Matter
How do the melting & boiling pints of…
What are the 2 most common intermolecu…
How does a substance's melting point c…
What three factors are used to explain…
Higher for ionic compunds ... Ionic bonds are stronger
Dipole-dipole... London forces
They are the same
1) Capillary action... 2) Cohesion... 3) Adhesion
How do the melting & boiling pints of…
Higher for ionic compunds ... Ionic bonds are stronger
What are the 2 most common intermolecu…
Dipole-dipole... London forces
25 terms
Chemistry Unit 7 States of Matter
kinetic energy
kinetic theory
pressure
vacuum
the energy caused by the motion of an object
the atoms and molecules in ALL forms of matter are in constan…
collisions of gas particles with the walls of their container…
no pressure because no gas (no collisions) is present in the…
kinetic energy
the energy caused by the motion of an object
kinetic theory
the atoms and molecules in ALL forms of matter are in constan…
24 terms
FINALS: Chemistry States of Matter
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Intermolecular forces
Dipole-dipole force
London force
Explains the properties of different types of matter as being…
Forces of attraction that exist between molecular compounds (…
Most common type of intermolecular force; attraction between…
Result from induced dipole moments; weak intermolecular force…
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Explains the properties of different types of matter as being…
Intermolecular forces
Forces of attraction that exist between molecular compounds (…
36 terms
Chemistry States and Changes in Matter
Kinetic Energy
Kinetic Theory
Three basic assumptions of the kinetic…
Gas Pressure
The energy an object has because of its motion and leads to i…
Tiny particles in all states of matter are in constant motion
-Gas is composed of tiny particles... -Particles in a gas moves…
The force exerted by a gas per unit surface area of an object…
Kinetic Energy
The energy an object has because of its motion and leads to i…
Kinetic Theory
Tiny particles in all states of matter are in constant motion
16 terms
PAP Chemistry States of Matter
Deposition
Amorphous Solid
Dispersion Forces
Surfactants
The process by which gas or vapor becomes a solid
A solid in which the particles are not arranged in a regular,…
The weak intermolecular forces of attraction between ALL mole…
Soaps and detergents that lower water's surface tension
Deposition
The process by which gas or vapor becomes a solid
Amorphous Solid
A solid in which the particles are not arranged in a regular,…
17 terms
Chemistry (states of matter)
What is gas?
What is an liquid?
What is an solid?
What is plasma?
flows to form the shape of its container
Flows, has its own volume; but takes shape of container
Form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume.
Ionized gas
What is gas?
flows to form the shape of its container
What is an liquid?
Flows, has its own volume; but takes shape of container
24 terms
Chemistry: States of Matter
What is matter?
Which states of matter have mass and v…
Which states of matter have fixed (def…
Which states of matter have fixed (def…
Anything that has mass and volume
Solid, liquid and gas
Solid, liquid and gas
Solid and liquid
What is matter?
Anything that has mass and volume
Which states of matter have mass and v…
Solid, liquid and gas
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