Study sets matching "chemistry states matter"

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Study sets matching "chemistry states matter"

13 terms
Chemistry: States of Matter
solid
liquid
gas
melting
particles can vibrate, but can't move freely
particles can slide past one another
particles can move freely
changing from solid to liquid
solid
particles can vibrate, but can't move freely
liquid
particles can slide past one another
17 terms
Chemistry Test States of Matter
solid
gas
gas
solid
Which state of matter has the most ordered arrangement of mol…
Which state of matter has the most random arrangement of mole…
Which state of matter has the fastest moving particles?
Which state of matter has the slowest moving particles?
solid
Which state of matter has the most ordered arrangement of mol…
gas
Which state of matter has the most random arrangement of mole…
19 terms
chemistry - states of matter
kinetic molecular theory
solids
liquid
gas
particles of matter are always in motion
least energy; atoms are packed tightly with little movement
medium energy; atoms are father apart
lots of energy; molecules are very spread out and move around…
kinetic molecular theory
particles of matter are always in motion
solids
least energy; atoms are packed tightly with little movement
chemistry states of matter
viscosity
surface tension
melting
Freezing
thick liquid (honey)
How hard it is to pierce a liquid
solid changes into a liquid
liquid changes into a solid
viscosity
thick liquid (honey)
surface tension
How hard it is to pierce a liquid
28 terms
Chemistry States of Matter Vocab
equilibrium
freezing
molar enthalpy of fusion
volatile liquid
when a chemical reaction and its reverse occur at the same ra…
process where a substance experiences a physical change from…
amount of energy it takes to change 1 mol of substance from a…
a liquid that turns to vapor easily and has weak forces of at…
equilibrium
when a chemical reaction and its reverse occur at the same ra…
freezing
process where a substance experiences a physical change from…
35 terms
chemistry states of matter test
kinetic theory
kinetic energy
law of conservation of energy
surface tension
a theory explaining the states of matter, based on the concep…
the energy an object has because of its motion
in any chemical or physical process, energy is neither create…
an inward force that tends to minimize the surface area of a…
kinetic theory
a theory explaining the states of matter, based on the concep…
kinetic energy
the energy an object has because of its motion
30 terms
Chemistry (States of Matter)
allotrope
atmospheric pressure
barometer
boiling point
two or more different forms of the same element in the same p…
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
measures atmospheric pressure
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ju…
allotrope
two or more different forms of the same element in the same p…
atmospheric pressure
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
37 terms
Chemistry States of Matter Vocab
kinetic molecular theory
ideal gas
elastic collision
diffusion
based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
a hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of…
a collision in which there is no net loss of total kinetic en…
spontaneous mixing of the particles of two substances caused…
kinetic molecular theory
based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
ideal gas
a hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of…
Chemistry: States of Matter
ionic crystals
ionic bonds usually happen between
covalent network
metallic crystals
structure consists of positive and negative ions arranged in…
group 1 or 2, group 16 or 17
each atom is covalently bound to nearest neighbor; relatively…
metal cations surrounded by sea of delocalized valence electr…
ionic crystals
structure consists of positive and negative ions arranged in…
ionic bonds usually happen between
group 1 or 2, group 16 or 17
15 terms
Chemistry 2: states of matter
What are the 4 states of matter?
All matter is made of tiny particles c…
Solids
Two categories of solids
-solid (ex: ice)... -liquid (ex: water)... -gas (ex: water vapor co…
atoms, molecules
-have a definite shape and volume... -can't be changed... -cannot f…
-crystalline... -amorphous
What are the 4 states of matter?
-solid (ex: ice)... -liquid (ex: water)... -gas (ex: water vapor co…
All matter is made of tiny particles c…
atoms, molecules
11 terms
Chemistry Honors States of Matter
Fixed Shape&Fixed Volume
Volume is shape of container
Volume is varied
Molecules very close with arrangement/…
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Solid
Fixed Shape&Fixed Volume
Solid
Volume is shape of container
Liquid
129 terms
AP Chemistry - States of Matter
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
-273.15C
Charles
shows that P and V have an inverse relationship
shows that V and T have a direct relationship
absolute 0 in C
discovered absolute zero
Boyle's Law
shows that P and V have an inverse relationship
Charles' Law
shows that V and T have a direct relationship
18 terms
Physical Chemistry: States of Matter
Phase
Solid
Liquid
Gas
State of Matter
Shape, Vol.
No Shape, Has Vol.
No Shape and No Volume
Phase
State of Matter
Solid
Shape, Vol.
24 terms
AP Chemistry States of Matter
phase diagram
triple point
critical point
X-ray diffraction
a map of the state of matter at different temperatures and pr…
The temperature and pressure at which matter exists in all th…
The temperature and pressure above which a supercritical liqu…
technique in which we are able to determine the arrangement o…
phase diagram
a map of the state of matter at different temperatures and pr…
triple point
The temperature and pressure at which matter exists in all th…
Chemistry- States of Matter Test
Kinetic energy
Kinetic theory
The particles in gas are considered to…
Within a gas the particles are relativ…
the energy an object has because of its motion
all matter consists of tiny particles that are constantly in…
small hard spheres
far apart
Kinetic energy
the energy an object has because of its motion
Kinetic theory
all matter consists of tiny particles that are constantly in…
14 terms
Chemistry - States of matter
Solids
Liquids
Gases
Melting point
Definite shape... Definite volume... Higher densities... Do not flow…
Definite volume but no definite shape... Can flow... Cannot be co…
No shape or volume... Lower densities... Can flow... Can be compres…
The temperature where a pure substance changes from a solid t…
Solids
Definite shape... Definite volume... Higher densities... Do not flow…
Liquids
Definite volume but no definite shape... Can flow... Cannot be co…
51 terms
Chemistry - states of matter
40... Ca - how many protons are there?... 20
79... Se - how many neutrons?... 34
197... Au - how many electrons?... 79
What is the relative mass for protons
20 (bottom number)
45 (top number minus the bottom number)
79 (bottom number)
1
40... Ca - how many protons are there?... 20
20 (bottom number)
79... Se - how many neutrons?... 34
45 (top number minus the bottom number)
41 terms
Chemistry ew (States of Matter)
allotrope
amorphous solid
unit cell
normal boiling point
a different molecular form of the same element
lacks an ordered internal structure
the smallest group of particles that retains the shape of the…
point at which vapor pressure equals standard pressure
allotrope
a different molecular form of the same element
amorphous solid
lacks an ordered internal structure
AP Chemistry: States of Matter
physical properties of gases
definition of pressure
torricelli barometer
units of pressure
- compressible... - consists of particles that are very far apar…
P = force/area
- barometic (atomspheric) pressure = the pressure exerted by…
1 atm = 1.013 bar = 101.3 kPa = 760 torr (or mm)
physical properties of gases
- compressible... - consists of particles that are very far apar…
definition of pressure
P = force/area
9 terms
Chemistry- States of matter
How are particles arranged in a solid?
How are particles arranged in a liquid?
How are particles arranged in a gas?
How do you change a solid into a liquid?
-There are strong forces of attraction between particles, whi…
-There is a weak force of attraction between the particles. T…
-There is a very, very weak force of attraction between parti…
-As the solid is heated, the particles vibrate more and more…
How are particles arranged in a solid?
-There are strong forces of attraction between particles, whi…
How are particles arranged in a liquid?
-There is a weak force of attraction between the particles. T…
18 terms
Applied chemistry states of matter
gas particles
liquid particles
solid particles
kinetic energy
move rapid, constant and random.
have an attraction among particles. Particles slide.
vibrate
energy of motion
gas particles
move rapid, constant and random.
liquid particles
have an attraction among particles. Particles slide.
41 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
do gas particles move in a straight line
why is mercury used to measure atmosph…
is the pressure higher at sea level or…
1) gases consist of large numbers of tiny spherical particles…
yes
because mercury is denser than water and doesn't evaporate ea…
sea level
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
1) gases consist of large numbers of tiny spherical particles…
do gas particles move in a straight line
yes
Chemistry-States of Matter
How do the melting & boiling pints of…
What are the 2 most common intermolecu…
How does a substance's melting point c…
What three factors are used to explain…
Higher for ionic compunds ... Ionic bonds are stronger
Dipole-dipole... London forces
They are the same
1) Capillary action... 2) Cohesion... 3) Adhesion
How do the melting & boiling pints of…
Higher for ionic compunds ... Ionic bonds are stronger
What are the 2 most common intermolecu…
Dipole-dipole... London forces
16 terms
PAP Chemistry States of Matter
Deposition
Amorphous Solid
Dispersion Forces
Surfactants
The process by which gas or vapor becomes a solid
A solid in which the particles are not arranged in a regular,…
The weak intermolecular forces of attraction between ALL mole…
Soaps and detergents that lower water's surface tension
Deposition
The process by which gas or vapor becomes a solid
Amorphous Solid
A solid in which the particles are not arranged in a regular,…
24 terms
FINALS: Chemistry States of Matter
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Intermolecular forces
Dipole-dipole force
London force
Explains the properties of different types of matter as being…
Forces of attraction that exist between molecular compounds (…
Most common type of intermolecular force; attraction between…
Result from induced dipole moments; weak intermolecular force…
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Explains the properties of different types of matter as being…
Intermolecular forces
Forces of attraction that exist between molecular compounds (…
36 terms
Chemistry States and Changes in Matter
Kinetic Energy
Kinetic Theory
Three basic assumptions of the kinetic…
Gas Pressure
The energy an object has because of its motion and leads to i…
Tiny particles in all states of matter are in constant motion
-Gas is composed of tiny particles... -Particles in a gas moves…
The force exerted by a gas per unit surface area of an object…
Kinetic Energy
The energy an object has because of its motion and leads to i…
Kinetic Theory
Tiny particles in all states of matter are in constant motion
46 terms
Honors Chemistry States of Matter
Kinetic Energy
Kinetic Theory
Pressure
Vacuum
Energy due to motion. Increases as temperature increases beca…
All particles are in constant motion.
Force exerted on a surface. Increases as temperature increase…
A space entirely devoid of matter. No particles, no pressure.
Kinetic Energy
Energy due to motion. Increases as temperature increases beca…
Kinetic Theory
All particles are in constant motion.
Chemistry (states of matter)
What is gas?
What is an liquid?
What is an solid?
What is plasma?
flows to form the shape of its container
Flows, has its own volume; but takes shape of container
Form of matter that has its own definite shape and volume.
Ionized gas
What is gas?
flows to form the shape of its container
What is an liquid?
Flows, has its own volume; but takes shape of container
28 terms
Chemistry States of Matter
Define van der Waals forces.
What does hydrogen bonding do and how…
Can non polar molecules interact?
What are these non polar interactions…
The sum of all interactions between molecules other than cova…
It occurs due to 2 hydrogens bonding and all of the electrons…
Yes, even though they have only one dipole the presence of a…
London Dispersion Forces. The strength of these interactions…
Define van der Waals forces.
The sum of all interactions between molecules other than cova…
What does hydrogen bonding do and how…
It occurs due to 2 hydrogens bonding and all of the electrons…
16 terms
Chemistry: Water and the States of Matter
gas
solid
liquid
gas, solid, and liquid
When matter is in this form, the molecules zoom around very q…
When water is in this form, its molecules form a regular, cry…
When water is in this form, its molecules are tightly packed…
The three states of matter are:
gas
When matter is in this form, the molecules zoom around very q…
solid
When water is in this form, its molecules form a regular, cry…
33 terms
chemistry: states and phases of matter
matter is organized in three states or…
the states of matter differ bases on
kinetic energy
temp is measured by
solid liquid gas
relative motion and distance between particles
energy of motion
the average kinetic energy of an objects particles
matter is organized in three states or…
solid liquid gas
the states of matter differ bases on
relative motion and distance between particles
52 terms
states and changes in matter chemistry
kinetic energy
kinetic theory
three basic assumptions of kinetic the…
gas pressure
energy an object has because of its motion
the tiny particles in all forms of matter are in constant mot…
1 gas is composed of tiny particles... 2 particles in a gas move…
defined as the force exerted by a gas per unit surface area o…
kinetic energy
energy an object has because of its motion
kinetic theory
the tiny particles in all forms of matter are in constant mot…
Chemistry ~ States of matter
Solid's Arrangement, Forces of Attract…
Liquid's Arrangement, Forces of Attrac…
Gas's Arrangement, Forces of Attractio…
Solids are compressible? Able to flow?…
Particles touching in a regular pattern, Strong forces of att…
Particles touch in a random arrangement, Intermediate forces…
Particles far apart in random pattern, Very weak forces of at…
No, No, Fixed Shape, Very dense.
Solid's Arrangement, Forces of Attract…
Particles touching in a regular pattern, Strong forces of att…
Liquid's Arrangement, Forces of Attrac…
Particles touch in a random arrangement, Intermediate forces…
26 terms
Science - Chemistry - States of Matter
volume
volume formula (regular solids)
volume measurement (irregular solids)
atom
the amount of space that matter in an object occupies
length x width x height
displacement
smallest basic unit of matter
volume
the amount of space that matter in an object occupies
volume formula (regular solids)
length x width x height
36 terms
Chemistry States of Matter and Solutions
amorphous solid
aqueous solution
boiling point
boiling point elevation
describes a solid that lacks an ordered internal structure; d…
water that contains dissolved substances
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ju…
the difference in temperature between the boiling point of a…
amorphous solid
describes a solid that lacks an ordered internal structure; d…
aqueous solution
water that contains dissolved substances
States of Matter- Chapter 6- Chemistry
States of matter
solid
liquid
gas
solid, liquid, gas
Definite shape and volume
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
States of matter
solid, liquid, gas
solid
Definite shape and volume
15 terms
The Building Blocks of Chemistry- States of Matter
Solid
Solid
Solid
Liquid
Particles vibrate in regular rows and have low kinetic energy
Particles are tightly packed and cannot be compressed
Have a fixed shape and volume
Particles are close together but move about freely
Solid
Particles vibrate in regular rows and have low kinetic energy
Solid
Particles are tightly packed and cannot be compressed
40 terms
Physics/Chemistry: States of Matter
The two Liquid to Gas phase changes are?
SOLID -> GAS phase change is known as?
GAS -> SOLID phase change is known as?
SOLID -> LIQUID phase change is known…
Evaporation: Liquid to gas only at the surface... Boiling: Liqu…
Sublimation
Deposition
Melting
The two Liquid to Gas phase changes are?
Evaporation: Liquid to gas only at the surface... Boiling: Liqu…
SOLID -> GAS phase change is known as?
Sublimation
Chemistry - Chapter 10 - States of Matter
If an atom has more electrons than pro…
If an atom has more protons than elect…
Kinetic-molecular theory
Ideal gas
Negative ion
Positive ion
Based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
Hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all assumptions of kinet…
If an atom has more electrons than pro…
Negative ion
If an atom has more protons than elect…
Positive ion
23 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary - States of matter
Chemical
Chemical Reaction
States of Matter
Reactant
A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and c…
A process that leads to the transformation of one set of chem…
One of the distinct forms that matter takes on. solid, liquid…
A substance that is consumed in the course of a chemical reac…
Chemical
A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and c…
Chemical Reaction
A process that leads to the transformation of one set of chem…
Chemistry and States of Matter
What is matter?
What are atoms?
What are molecules?
What is a compound?
Anything that has mass and volume
The building blocks of matter. Made of protons, electrons, an…
Two or more atoms that are joined together chemically. Elemen…
A molecule that has two or more different elements joined tog…
What is matter?
Anything that has mass and volume
What are atoms?
The building blocks of matter. Made of protons, electrons, an…
15 terms
science chemistry- states of matter
Properties of solid
Properties of liquid
Properties of gas
What is the word when solid change int…
Solid particles are closely packed together, they can't chang…
Liquid particles are weakly touching each other, they take th…
Gas particles spread out, they don't have a fixed shape, they…
Melting
Properties of solid
Solid particles are closely packed together, they can't chang…
Properties of liquid
Liquid particles are weakly touching each other, they take th…
Chemistry States Of Matter
Matter
Mass
Volume
Vacuum
Anything that has mass and volume
The amount of matter an object has
The amount of space taken up
The absence of matter
Matter
Anything that has mass and volume
Mass
The amount of matter an object has
Chemistry states of matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Elements
Definite shape and volume
Definite volume indefinite shape
Indefinite volume and shape
Can't be broken down any further and still retain their prope…
Solid
Definite shape and volume
Liquid
Definite volume indefinite shape
6 terms
Chemistry matter states
Freezing
Melting
Condensation
Vaporization
Liquid to solid
Solid to liquid
Gas to liquid
Liquid to gas
Freezing
Liquid to solid
Melting
Solid to liquid
5 terms
Chemistry 09 - States of Matter
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
The physical forms in which all matter naturally exists.
State of matter with fixed shape and volume.
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume.
States of Matter
The physical forms in which all matter naturally exists.
Solid
State of matter with fixed shape and volume.
Chemistry: states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
surface tension
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume.
matter with a definite volume, but no definite shape.
a measurement of a liquid's resistance to flow.
the uneven forces acting on the particles on the surface of a…
solid
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume.
liquid
matter with a definite volume, but no definite shape.
Chemistry - States of Matter
Triple Point
Pure Substance
Extensive Property
Intensive Property
The temperature and pressure at which the three phases of a s…
Substances that are made of only one type of atom or molecule.
Depend upon the amount of matter in the sample
Does not depend on the amount of matter in the sample
Triple Point
The temperature and pressure at which the three phases of a s…
Pure Substance
Substances that are made of only one type of atom or molecule.
Chemistry States of Matter
Gases (general properties)
Kinetic Molecular Theory and gases
Diffusion
Effusion
*take shape & volume of container... *compressible (also expanda…
*Developed in late 1800s... *gas made of small particles separat…
movement of a material from an area of high concentration to…
movement of a gas through a tiny opeing (leak in a tire)
Gases (general properties)
*take shape & volume of container... *compressible (also expanda…
Kinetic Molecular Theory and gases
*Developed in late 1800s... *gas made of small particles separat…
28 terms
Chemistry - States of Matter
van der Waals forces/intermolecular fo…
dipole-dipole interactions
hydrogen bonding
London Dispersion Forces/LDF
sum of all interactions between molecules EXCEPT covalent bon…
interactions with polar molecules that partially charged ends
- gives substances high boiling points... - H with N, O, F... - ext…
- intermolecular forces w/ nonpolar molecules... - electron clou…
van der Waals forces/intermolecular fo…
sum of all interactions between molecules EXCEPT covalent bon…
dipole-dipole interactions
interactions with polar molecules that partially charged ends
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