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Study sets matching "chemistry vocab chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "chemistry vocab chapter 8"

30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
lewis structure
sigma bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
representation of the arrangements of electrons in a molecule
single covalent bonds; occurs when the pair of shared electro…
covalent bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
41 terms
Pearson Chemistry: Chapter 8
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
Atoms held together by sharing electrons. A bond formed by th…
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
15 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical Equation
Coefficient
Formula Equation
Precipitate
A representation, with symbols and formulas, of the identitie…
A small whole number that appears in front of the formula in…
A representation of the reactants and products of a chemical…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
Chemical Equation
A representation, with symbols and formulas, of the identitie…
Coefficient
A small whole number that appears in front of the formula in…
44 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Covalent bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
A bond between atoms when they are held together by sharing e…
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains 2 atoms
A compound composed of molecules
Covalent bond
A bond between atoms when they are held together by sharing e…
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
31 terms
chemistry vocabulary chapter 8
bond dissocation energy
bonding orbital
covalent bond
coordinate covalent bond
energy needed to break a covalent bond
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
bond dissocation energy
energy needed to break a covalent bond
bonding orbital
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
13 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Modern Chemistry
chemical equation
precipitate
coefficient
word equation
represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
a small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a…
an equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical…
chemical equation
represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
precipitate
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
15 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
chemical bond
cation
anion
ionic bond
the force that holds two atoms together; may form by the attr…
an ion that has a positive charge; forms when valence electro…
an ion that has a negative charge; forms when valence electro…
the electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particl…
chemical bond
the force that holds two atoms together; may form by the attr…
cation
an ion that has a positive charge; forms when valence electro…
16 terms
Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change-Chapter 8
covalent bond
endothermic reaction
exothermic reaction
Lewis structure
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
a chemical reaction or process in which a greater amount of e…
a chemical reaction or process in which more energy is releas…
a model that uses electron dot structures to show how electro…
covalent bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
endothermic reaction
a chemical reaction or process in which a greater amount of e…
31 terms
chemistry vocabulary chapter 8
bond dissocation energy
bonding orbital
covalent bond
coordinate covalent bond
energy needed to break a bond between two covalently bonded a…
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
bond dissocation energy
energy needed to break a bond between two covalently bonded a…
bonding orbital
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
14 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary Chapter 8
chemical equation
skeleton equation
catalyst
coefficients
An equation that separates the chemical formulas of reactants…
A chemical equation that does not indicate the amounts of rea…
A substance that speeds up the rate of reactions, but is not…
Numbers placed in front of the symbols for the parts.
chemical equation
An equation that separates the chemical formulas of reactants…
skeleton equation
A chemical equation that does not indicate the amounts of rea…
13 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical Equation
Precipitate
Coefficient
Word Equation
Represents with symbols and formulas, identities and relative…
Solid that is produced as a result f a chemical reaction in s…
Small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a ch…
Equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical re…
Chemical Equation
Represents with symbols and formulas, identities and relative…
Precipitate
Solid that is produced as a result f a chemical reaction in s…
14 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary Chapter 8
chemical equation
skeleton equation
catalyst
coefficients
An equation that separates the chemical formulas of reactants…
A chemical equation that does not indicate the amounts of rea…
A substance that speeds up the rate of reactions, but is not…
Numbers placed in front of the symbols for the parts.
chemical equation
An equation that separates the chemical formulas of reactants…
skeleton equation
A chemical equation that does not indicate the amounts of rea…
19 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry
Metric Measurement
Scientific Hypothesis
Theory
Atom
Used by scientists and almost every country but US;... largest t…
1) "educated guess"... 2) can be tested... 3) prediction of what an…
Scientific explanation supported by evidence collected over a…
Smallest particle of an element that retains the chemical ide…
Metric Measurement
Used by scientists and almost every country but US;... largest t…
Scientific Hypothesis
1) "educated guess"... 2) can be tested... 3) prediction of what an…
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
lewis structure
sigma bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
representation of the arrangements of electrons in a molecule
single covalent bonds; occurs when the pair of shared electro…
covalent bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
29 terms
Chemistry Terms Chapter 8
triads
Johann Döbereiner
John Newlands
law of octaves
elements in groups of three
grouped certain elements in triads
proposed a different system of classification called the law…
the first is like the eighth, the second is like the ninth, a…
triads
elements in groups of three
Johann Döbereiner
grouped certain elements in triads
14 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary (Chemistry)
covalent bond
molecule
Lewis structure
sigma bonds
bond that forms as a result of sharing valence electrons
forms when two or more atoms have a covalent bond
can represent the arrangement of valence electrons in a molec…
other name for single covalent bond
covalent bond
bond that forms as a result of sharing valence electrons
molecule
forms when two or more atoms have a covalent bond
53 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 8
What is a bond?
Bond Energy
Why Bond?
Characteristics of Ionic bonding
"chemical glue" (a set of forces that holds atoms together as…
The energy required to break a bond. Bond energy indicates th…
Bonding lowers the potential energy of atoms. Alone in ion fo…
(1) it's between a metal (cation) and a nonmetal (anion)... (2)e…
What is a bond?
"chemical glue" (a set of forces that holds atoms together as…
Bond Energy
The energy required to break a bond. Bond energy indicates th…
26 terms
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
atoms held together by sharing electrons
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule that contains two atoms.
a compound composed of molecules
covalent bond
atoms held together by sharing electrons
molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
30 terms
CHEMISTRY Pearson Chemistry - Chapter 8
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound that is composed of molecules.
Covalent Bond
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms.
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
14 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
Coordinate covalent bond
covalent bond
Van der Waals Forces
dipole-dipole
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
atoms held together by sharing electrons are joined by ______…
The two weakest attractions between molecules are collectivel…
occur when polar molecules are attracted to one another. The…
Coordinate covalent bond
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
covalent bond
atoms held together by sharing electrons are joined by ______…
Chemistry Chapter 8 Covalent Bonds
covalent bond
molecule
Lewis structure
sigma bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
forms when two or more atoms covalently bond and is lower in…
a model that uses electron dot structures to show how electro…
a single covalent bond that is formed when an electron pair i…
covalent bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
molecule
forms when two or more atoms covalently bond and is lower in…
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8
chemical bond
octet rule
ion
positive ion
the force that holds two atoms together
atoms lose, gain, or share electrons in order to acquire a fu…
an atom or bonded group of atoms with a positive or negative…
formed when an atom loses one or more electrons in order to a…
chemical bond
the force that holds two atoms together
octet rule
atoms lose, gain, or share electrons in order to acquire a fu…
52 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary Chapter 8
acceptor level
addition polymerization
adhesion
alternating copolymer
Energy state associated with the dopant atoms and lying sligh…
Reaction in which monomers are added to one another to form a…
Attractive forces between two dissimilar substances or surfac…
Polymer in which molecules contain a regular alternating patt…
acceptor level
Energy state associated with the dopant atoms and lying sligh…
addition polymerization
Reaction in which monomers are added to one another to form a…
15 terms
chemistry chapter 8 vocabulary
chemical bond
cation
anion
ionic bond
the force that holds 2 atoms together. it may form by the att…
an ion that has a positive charge: forms when valence electro…
an ion that has a negative charge: forms when formsan ion tha…
the electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particl…
chemical bond
the force that holds 2 atoms together. it may form by the att…
cation
an ion that has a positive charge: forms when valence electro…
15 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry Vocabulary
alloy
anion
cation
chemical bond
...
an ion that has a negative charge
an ion that has a negative charge
the electrostatic attraction that holds two atoms together
alloy
...
anion
an ion that has a negative charge
13 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry Vocabulary
chemical equation
precipitate
coefficient
word equation
represents with symbols and formulas, the identities and rela…
a solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
a small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a…
an equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical…
chemical equation
represents with symbols and formulas, the identities and rela…
precipitate
a solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
14 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry Vocabulary
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
Pi Bond
Polar Covalent Bond (Polar Bond)
Polar Molecule
a covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally by…
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are most likel…
a covalent between atoms in which the electrons are shared un…
a molecule in which one side of the molecule is slightly nega…
Nonpolar Covalent Bonds
a covalent bond in which the electrons are shared equally by…
Pi Bond
a covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are most likel…
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8-Vocabulary
Single covalent bond
Structural formula
Unshared pair
Double covalent bond
2 atoms held together by sharing one pair ofelectrons
Represents covalent bonds as dashes and shows arrangement of…
Pair of valence electrons not shared between atoms
Bond involving 2 shared pairs of electrons
Single covalent bond
2 atoms held together by sharing one pair ofelectrons
Structural formula
Represents covalent bonds as dashes and shows arrangement of…
31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
bond dissociation energy
bonding orbital
covalent bond
coordinate covalent bond
the energy required to break the bond between two covalently…
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
bond dissociation energy
the energy required to break the bond between two covalently…
bonding orbital
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
13 terms
Chemistry chapter 8 vocabulary
chemical equation
precipitate
coefficient
word equation
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
a solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
a small whole number that appears as a factor in front of a f…
reactants and products in a chemical equation are represented…
chemical equation
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
precipitate
a solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
29 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
covalent bond
molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
a bond that holds atoms together by sharing electrons
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule that contains two atoms
a compound composed of molecules
covalent bond
a bond that holds atoms together by sharing electrons
molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
23 terms
Chemistry chapter 8 vocabulary
covalent bond
Molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
Bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
molecule consisting of 2 atoms
compound composed of molecules
covalent bond
Bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
Molecule
neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
17 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry (T)
alloy
anion
cation
chemical bond
mixture of elements that has metallic properties p. 230
another name for a negative ion p. 214
positively charged ion p. 212
force that hold two atoms together; formed by the attraction…
alloy
mixture of elements that has metallic properties p. 230
anion
another name for a negative ion p. 214
17 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry Vocabulary
alloy
anion
cation
chemical bond
mixture of elements that has metallic properties
another name for a negative ion
positively charged ion
-force that holds two atoms together... -may form by the attract…
alloy
mixture of elements that has metallic properties
anion
another name for a negative ion
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical equation
Precipitate
Coefficient
Word equation
an equation that represents, with symbols and formulas, the i…
a solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
a small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a…
an equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical…
Chemical equation
an equation that represents, with symbols and formulas, the i…
Precipitate
a solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
9 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Polar Covalent bond
Nonpolar Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Lewis structure
Sharing electrons unequally, between metals and nonmetals, at…
Sharing electrons equally, atoms with electronegativity less…
Giving/taking of electrons, between metal and nonmetal, stron…
Visual tool for understanding covalent bonds
Polar Covalent bond
Sharing electrons unequally, between metals and nonmetals, at…
Nonpolar Covalent bond
Sharing electrons equally, atoms with electronegativity less…
14 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
covalent bond
molecule
Lewis structure
sigma bond
A chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
Forms when two or more atoms covalently bond and is lower in…
A model that uses electron-dot-structures to show how electro…
A single covalent bond that is formed when one electron pair…
covalent bond
A chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
molecule
Forms when two or more atoms covalently bond and is lower in…
10 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary Chapter 8
Molecule
Binary Compound
Oxidation Number
Polyatomic Ion
A neutral molecule that forms as a result of electron sharing.
Composed of two elements.
Tells you how many electrons an atom has gained or lost.
Positively or negatively charged, covalently bonded group.
Molecule
A neutral molecule that forms as a result of electron sharing.
Binary Compound
Composed of two elements.
13 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical Equation
Precipitate
coefficient
word equation
Symbols and formulas, the identities and relative amounts of…
Solid that produced as a result of a chemical reaction in a s…
small whole number that appears in front of the formula in a…
an equation that reactants and products in a chemical reactio…
Chemical Equation
Symbols and formulas, the identities and relative amounts of…
Precipitate
Solid that produced as a result of a chemical reaction in a s…
13 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Chemistry
covalent bond
molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
atoms that are held together by sharing electrons
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule that contains two atoms
a compound composed of molecules
covalent bond
atoms that are held together by sharing electrons
molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Chemistry
Aufbau principle
electron configuration
Hund's rule
Orbital notation
states that as electrons are added to "build up" the elements…
a code that represents the arrangement of electrons of an atom
a rule that states that no electrons are paired in a given or…
way of showing the electron placement in an atom using arrows
Aufbau principle
states that as electrons are added to "build up" the elements…
electron configuration
a code that represents the arrangement of electrons of an atom
14 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Covalent bond
Molecule
Diatomic molecule
Molecular compound
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
a molecule consisting of two atoms
a compound that is composed of molecules
Covalent bond
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
Molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
13 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical Equation
Precipitate
Coefficient
Word Equation
Represents with symbols and formulas, identities and relative…
Solid that is produced as a result f a chemical reaction in s…
Small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a ch…
Equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical re…
Chemical Equation
Represents with symbols and formulas, identities and relative…
Precipitate
Solid that is produced as a result f a chemical reaction in s…
14 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 8 vocab
Single covalent bond
Structural formula
Unshared pair
Double covalent bond
A bond formed when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
A chemical formula that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
A pair of valence electrons that is not shared between atoms.
A bond in which two atoms share two pairs of electrons.
Single covalent bond
A bond formed when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
Structural formula
A chemical formula that shows the arrangement of atoms in a m…
16 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry Vocabulary
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic Molecule
Molecular compound
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
A molecule consisting of two atoms
A compound that is composed of molecules
Covalent Bond
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
Molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
29 terms
Chemistry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
covalant bond
molecule
diatomic molecule
molecular compound
Atoms that are held together by sharing electrons.
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds.
A molecule that contains two atoms.
A compound composed of molecules.
covalant bond
Atoms that are held together by sharing electrons.
molecule
A neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds.
24 terms
Chapter 8 Chemistry Vocabulary
bonding orbital
covalent bond
diatomic molecule
dipole
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
a molecule consisting of two atoms
a molecule that has two regions with opposite charges; the re…
bonding orbital
a molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
covalent bond
a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
20 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Bond Dissociation Energy
Bonding Orbital
Coordinate Covalent Bond
Covalent Bond
The energy required to break the bond between two covalently…
A molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
A covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding el…
A bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms
Bond Dissociation Energy
The energy required to break the bond between two covalently…
Bonding Orbital
A molecular orbital that can be occupied by two electrons of…
14 terms
Chemistry- Vocabulary Chapter 8
covalent bond
molecule
Lewis structure
sigma bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
forms when two or more atoms covalently bond and is lower in…
a model that uses electron- dot structures to show how electr…
a single covalent bond that is formed when an electron pair i…
covalent bond
a chemical bond that results from the sharing of valence elec…
molecule
forms when two or more atoms covalently bond and is lower in…
31 terms
Chemistry - Vocabulary Chapter 8 - Covalent Bonding
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic Molecule
Molecular Compound
...
...
...
...
Covalent Bond
...
Molecule
...
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