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Study sets matching "chemistry vocab formulas"

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Study sets matching "chemistry vocab formulas"

32 terms
Chemistry - Formulas
Percentage
Average
Average error
Volume by Calculation
The variable / Total x 100%
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
Actual value - experimental value / actual value = average er…
V(sphere) = 4/3(3.1416)r^3... V(cylinder) = V = 3.1416(r^2)heigh…
Percentage
The variable / Total x 100%
Average
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
10 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Celsius + 273 =
Mass/Volume =
Stairstep
1 inch = ? cm
Kelvin
Density
2.54 cm
Celsius + 273 =
Kelvin
Mass/Volume =
Density
24 terms
Chemistry Semester A Formulas Vocabulary
acids
alkane
binary ionic compound
bond
Compounds that form hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
CnH2n+2
A compound composed of the ions of one metal element and ions…
A join between 2 atoms
acids
Compounds that form hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
alkane
CnH2n+2
22 terms
Chemistry vocabulary-formulas and equations
Analysis
Chemical change
Coefficient
Decomposition
A chemical reaction- a compound is broken down into simpler s…
The composition of a substance is changed
The # placed before a formula indicating the number of units
A chemical reaction- ... AB--> A+B. (Same as analysis.)
Analysis
A chemical reaction- a compound is broken down into simpler s…
Chemical change
The composition of a substance is changed
24 terms
chemistry formulas
NO2-
N03-
Br03-
ClO-
Nitrite
Nitrate
Bromate
Hypochlorite
NO2-
Nitrite
N03-
Nitrate
32 terms
Chemistry - Formulas
Percentage
Average
Average error
Volume by Calculation
The variable / Total x 100%
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
Actual value - experimental value / actual value = average er…
V(sphere) = 4/3(3.1416)r^3... V(cylinder) = V = 3.1416(r^2)heigh…
Percentage
The variable / Total x 100%
Average
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
77 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Degrees of Unsaturation
Strong Acids
Strong Bases
Gas Constant
(2n + 2 - x)/2 ... (x=# of H's and Halogens, n= #carbons, Ni re…
HCl, HI, HBr, H2SO4, HClO4, HNO3.
1. Grp 1 and 2 Hydroxides.... 2. Grp 1 Oxides.... 3. Metal amides.
R= 0.0821 L-atm/mol in PV=nRT
Degrees of Unsaturation
(2n + 2 - x)/2 ... (x=# of H's and Halogens, n= #carbons, Ni re…
Strong Acids
HCl, HI, HBr, H2SO4, HClO4, HNO3.
11 terms
Chemistry formulas
Formula to get grams from neutrality
Formula to get grams from molearity
Formula to get moles from grams
Formula to get neutrality from grams
G = neutrality × volume × equivalent weight
G = molearity × volume × molecular weight
M = (g ÷ liters) ÷ molecular weight
N = (g ÷ liters) ÷ equivalent weight
Formula to get grams from neutrality
G = neutrality × volume × equivalent weight
Formula to get grams from molearity
G = molearity × volume × molecular weight
55 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Percent Error
Avogadro's #
Density
Boyle's Law
(experimental value - true value ) / true value x 100
6.022 x 10²³
P₁V₁=P₂V₂
Percent Error
(experimental value - true value ) / true value x 100
Avogadro's #
6.022 x 10²³
9 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Density
Specific Gravity
Percent
Fahrenheit to Celsius
Mass of substance / Volume of substance
density of sample / density of water
parts of / whole amount x 100
Tf = 1.8(Tc) + 32
Density
Mass of substance / Volume of substance
Specific Gravity
density of sample / density of water
15 terms
Chemistry Formulas
ammonium
Nitrite
Nitrate
Hydroxide
ammonium
Nitrite
25 terms
Chemistry - Formulas
a
b
Kilo Centi Micro
Mega Deci Milli Nano
Multiplication or Division:... a) Least S.F... b) Least D.P
Addition or Subtraction:... a) Least S.F... b) Least D.P
Mega - ______ - Deci - ______ - Milli - ______ - Nano
_______ - Kilo - ______ - Centi - _______ - Micro - _______
a
Multiplication or Division:... a) Least S.F... b) Least D.P
b
Addition or Subtraction:... a) Least S.F... b) Least D.P
32 terms
Chemistry - Formulas
Percentage
Average
Average error
Volume by Calculation
The variable / Total x 100%
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
Actual value - experimental value / actual value = average er…
V(sphere) = 4/3(3.1416)r^3... V(cylinder) = V = 3.1416(r^2)heigh…
Percentage
The variable / Total x 100%
Average
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
11 terms
Chemistry (reactions, formulas, and equations)
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom.
A substance made of two or more different elements bonded tog…
A group of atoms bonded together
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom.
Compound
A substance made of two or more different elements bonded tog…
9 terms
Chemistry bonding vocabulary (formula)
NH4+
NO3-
NO2-
SO4-2
Ammonium
Nitrate
Nitrite
Sulfate
NH4+
Ammonium
NO3-
Nitrate
17 terms
Chemistry (Formulas)
electron configuration
Orbital Diagrams
Atomic Size
Ionization Energy
electron configuration
Orbital Diagrams
54 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Mass/Volume =
Stairstep
1 inch = ? cm
1 mile = ? km
Density
2.54 cm
1.609 km
Mass/Volume =
Density
Stairstep
CHEMISTRY FORMULA / VOCABULARY
Nuclear chemistry
Isotopes
Spontaneous decay
Half-life
chemistry dealing with radioactivity, nuclear processes and n…
atoms that have the same number of protons and electrons, but…
the process by which a quantum system in an excited state und…
time it takes for half of the atoms in a pure sample of the i…
Nuclear chemistry
chemistry dealing with radioactivity, nuclear processes and n…
Isotopes
atoms that have the same number of protons and electrons, but…
6 terms
Chemistry - Vocabulary Chapter 9 - Chemical Names and Formulas
Monoatomic Ion
Binary Compound
Acid
Base
...
...
...
...
Monoatomic Ion
...
Binary Compound
...
22 terms
Chemistry Topic 2 Formulas and Equations
Analysis
Chemical change
Coefficient
Decomposition
A reaction that is the reverse of a synthesis reaction. A sin…
A change in which the identity of the products differs from t…
A number written in front of a formula.
A single compound is broken down into two or more simpler sub…
Analysis
A reaction that is the reverse of a synthesis reaction. A sin…
Chemical change
A change in which the identity of the products differs from t…
102 terms
Chemistry Formulas
HYDROXIDE
CARBONATE
BICARBONATE
NITRITE
OH-
CO3--
HCO3-
NO2-
HYDROXIDE
OH-
CARBONATE
CO3--
32 terms
Chemistry Formulas
1 Food Calorie (Cal) = _____ cal
1 cal = ____ J
What is the Fahrenheit and Celcius for…
What is the Celcius and Kelvin formula?
1000
4.18
5F = 9C +160
K = C + 273
1 Food Calorie (Cal) = _____ cal
1000
1 cal = ____ J
4.18
12 terms
Chemistry formulas
Phosphate
Sulfate
Sulfite
Chromate
PO4 3-
SO4 2-
SO3 2-
CrO4 2-
Phosphate
PO4 3-
Sulfate
SO4 2-
60 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH₄
C₂H₆
C₃H₈
C₄H₁₀
Methane
CH₄
Ethane
C₂H₆
20 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Formal charge
Molarity (M)
Molality (m)
Boyle's Law
(valence electrons)-(1/2 bonding electrons)-(lone electrons)
1 mole/Liter
Moles of solute/ kg of solution
P1V1=P2V2
Formal charge
(valence electrons)-(1/2 bonding electrons)-(lone electrons)
Molarity (M)
1 mole/Liter
15 terms
Chemistry - formulas
Element
Compound
Mixture
Image of an atom
A substance made from only one type of atom, all elements are…
A substance made from different types of atoms joined togethe…
Contains different particles eg. air
Element
A substance made from only one type of atom, all elements are…
Compound
A substance made from different types of atoms joined togethe…
14 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
Combined Gas Law
Ideal Gas Law
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
74 terms
AP Chemistry Vocabulary and Formulas (Ch 4 & 5)
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Electrolyte
homogenous mixture of two or more substances... made up of solv…
substance present in the greatest quantity
substance(s) dissolved in the solvent
substance whose aqueous solutions contain ions
Solution
homogenous mixture of two or more substances... made up of solv…
Solvent
substance present in the greatest quantity
12 terms
Chemistry formulas
Density
Percent Composition
Molar mass
Boyle's Law
Density=Mass / Volume
%= (the mass of element / total mass) * 100
MM=g / mol
P₁V₁=P₂V₂... P=Pressure (in torr, atm, pascals, barr, mmHg)... V=Vo…
Density
Density=Mass / Volume
Percent Composition
%= (the mass of element / total mass) * 100
28 terms
Chemistry formulas
Ideal Gas Law
Combined gas law
Root mean square velocity
1 mole
PV=nRT
P₁V₁/n₁T₁ = P₂V₂/n₂T₂
Urms = √(3RT/M) M=kg/mol R=8.314 J/mol x K
6.022 × 10²³
Ideal Gas Law
PV=nRT
Combined gas law
P₁V₁/n₁T₁ = P₂V₂/n₂T₂
19 terms
Chemistry- formulas
hydroxide
carbonate
sulfate
nitrate
[OH] ¹⁻
[CO₃]²⁻
[SO₄]²⁻
[NO₃]¹⁻
hydroxide
[OH] ¹⁻
carbonate
[CO₃]²⁻
7 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Planck relation (Frequency)
Angular Momentum of an electron (Bohr…
Energy of an electron (Bohr Model)
Planck relation (wavelength)
E=hf
L=nh/2pi
E= -(Rh/n^2) Rh is Rydberg constant
E=hc/wavelength
Planck relation (Frequency)
E=hf
Angular Momentum of an electron (Bohr…
L=nh/2pi
9 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Mole Fraction
Percent Composition
Ppm
Molarity
Moles of Solute/Moles of solute + Moles of Solvent
Mass of Solute/ Mass of Solution
(Mass of solute (g)/ Mass of solution (g) ) x 10^6... Volume = L
Moles of Solute/ Volume of Solution (L)
Mole Fraction
Moles of Solute/Moles of solute + Moles of Solvent
Percent Composition
Mass of Solute/ Mass of Solution
12 terms
Chemistry Chapter 16 Formulas and Vocabulary
boiling-point elevation
freezing-point depression
molal freezing-point depression consta…
molal boiling-point elevation constant…
difference in temperature between the boiling point of a solu…
difference in temperature between the freezing point of a sol…
equal to the change in the freezing point for a 1-molal solut…
equal to the change in the boiling point for a 1-molal soluti…
boiling-point elevation
difference in temperature between the boiling point of a solu…
freezing-point depression
difference in temperature between the freezing point of a sol…
18 terms
Chemistry 121 Vocabulary Words + Formulas
Average Deviation
Density
Percent Error
Percent/Relative Deviation
Subtracting each value from the average and taking the absolu…
Mass / Volume
(Theoretical - Experimental) / Theoretical * 100
Average Deviation / Average *100
Average Deviation
Subtracting each value from the average and taking the absolu…
Density
Mass / Volume
50 terms
Chemistry formulas
-log Trick
Percent Composition by Mass
Average Molecular Speeds of Gases
Bond Dissociation Energy
-log Trick
Percent Composition by Mass
Chemistry Formulas
Molarity
Heat
aA + bB -> cC + dD
Calculate energy of level
M=n/v
q=n(delta)H... q=mc(T2-T1)
En = -Rhc/n^2
Molarity
M=n/v
Heat
q=n(delta)H... q=mc(T2-T1)
27 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Sulphuric Acid
Hydrochloric Acid
Nitric Acid
Water
H2SO4
HCl
HNO3
H20
Sulphuric Acid
H2SO4
Hydrochloric Acid
HCl
32 terms
Chemistry - Formulas
Percentage
Average
Average error
Volume by Calculation
The variable / Total x 100%
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
Actual value - experimental value / actual value = average er…
V(sphere) = 4/3(3.1416)r^3... V(cylinder) = V = 3.1416(r^2)heigh…
Percentage
The variable / Total x 100%
Average
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
24 terms
Chemistry Midterm Review Vocabulary and Formulas
measurement
observation
hypothesis
experiment
the size / length / amount of something, established by measu…
observing an occurrence for scientific purpose
a testable statement
a scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery / test…
measurement
the size / length / amount of something, established by measu…
observation
observing an occurrence for scientific purpose
12 terms
Chemistry (reactions, formulas, and equations)
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom.
A substance made of two or more different elements bonded tog…
A group of atoms bonded together
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom.
Compound
A substance made of two or more different elements bonded tog…
9 terms
CHEMISTRY FORMULAS
Water
Ammonia
Ethanol
Glucose
H2O
NH3
C2H5OH
C6H12O6
Water
H2O
Ammonia
NH3
18 terms
Chemistry formula
H2O
CO2
NH3
H2
Water
Carbon dioxide
Ammonia
Hydrogen
H2O
Water
CO2
Carbon dioxide
191 terms
Chemistry: Naming & Writing Formulas
What is the Greek prefix for 1?
What is the Greek prefix for 2?
What is the Greek prefix for 3?
What is the Greek prefix for 4?
mono-
di-
tri-
tetra-
What is the Greek prefix for 1?
mono-
What is the Greek prefix for 2?
di-
10 terms
Compounds and Formulas Unit 4 Chemistry
ion
poly-atomic ion
acids
transition metals
and atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative ch…
a tightly bound group of atoms that behaves a a unit and has…
compound that contains positive hydrogen ions (H+) bonded to…
metals located in the D Block of the periodic table, many of…
ion
and atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative ch…
poly-atomic ion
a tightly bound group of atoms that behaves a a unit and has…
46 terms
Chemistry Conversion Factors & Formulas
1 inch = ? cm
1 gallon = ? L
1 lb = ? g
1 mole = ? particles
Length: 2.54 cm
Volume: 3.785 L
Mass: 454 g
6.022 x 10²³ particles (atoms, formula units, electrons, etc.)
1 inch = ? cm
Length: 2.54 cm
1 gallon = ? L
Volume: 3.785 L
13 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Hydrogen
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
H+
Li+
Na+
K+
Hydrogen
H+
Lithium
Li+
10 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Acetate
Ammonium
BiCarbonate
Carbonate
C2H3O2^-
NH4^+
HCO3^-
CO3^-
Acetate
C2H3O2^-
Ammonium
NH4^+
14 terms
Chemistry formulas
Cube volume formula
Rectangle volume formula
Sphere volume formula
Cone volume formula
S^3
LxWxH
4/3 (pie) r^3
1/3 (pie) r^2 (h)
Cube volume formula
S^3
Rectangle volume formula
LxWxH
59 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Hydroxide
Nitrite
Nitrate
Hypochlorite
OH -
NO2 -
NO3 -
ClO -
Hydroxide
OH -
Nitrite
NO2 -
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