Study sets matching "chemistry vocab formulas"

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Study sets matching "chemistry vocab formulas"

10 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Celsius + 273 =
Mass/Volume =
Stairstep
1 inch = ? cm
Kelvin
Density
2.54 cm
Celsius + 273 =
Kelvin
Mass/Volume =
Density
32 terms
Chemistry - Formulas
Percentage
Average
Average error
Volume by Calculation
The variable / Total x 100%
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
Actual value - experimental value / actual value = average er…
V(sphere) = 4/3(3.1416)r^3... V(cylinder) = V = 3.1416(r^2)heigh…
Percentage
The variable / Total x 100%
Average
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
5 terms
Chemistry formulas
% yield
% Atom economy
Molarity
% by mass
% yield
% Atom economy
chemistry formulas
NO2-
N03-
Br03-
ClO-
Nitrite
Nitrate
Bromate
Hypochlorite
NO2-
Nitrite
N03-
Nitrate
5 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary and Formulas
solute
solvent
solution
alloy
...
...
...
...
solute
...
solvent
...
22 terms
Chemistry vocabulary-formulas and equations
Analysis
Chemical change
Coefficient
Decomposition
A chemical reaction- a compound is broken down into simpler s…
The composition of a substance is changed
The # placed before a formula indicating the number of units
A chemical reaction- ... AB--> A+B. (Same as analysis.)
Analysis
A chemical reaction- a compound is broken down into simpler s…
Chemical change
The composition of a substance is changed
11 terms
Chemistry formulas
Formula to get grams from neutrality
Formula to get grams from molearity
Formula to get moles from grams
Formula to get neutrality from grams
G = neutrality × volume × equivalent weight
G = molearity × volume × molecular weight
M = (g ÷ liters) ÷ molecular weight
N = (g ÷ liters) ÷ equivalent weight
Formula to get grams from neutrality
G = neutrality × volume × equivalent weight
Formula to get grams from molearity
G = molearity × volume × molecular weight
Chemistry Formulas
Degrees of Unsaturation
Strong Acids
Strong Bases
Gas Constant
(2n + 2 - x)/2 ... (x=# of H's and Halogens, n= #carbons, Ni re…
HCl, HI, HBr, H2SO4, HClO4, HNO3.
1. Grp 1 and 2 Hydroxides.... 2. Grp 1 Oxides.... 3. Metal amides.
R= 0.0821 L-atm/mol in PV=nRT
Degrees of Unsaturation
(2n + 2 - x)/2 ... (x=# of H's and Halogens, n= #carbons, Ni re…
Strong Acids
HCl, HI, HBr, H2SO4, HClO4, HNO3.
Chemistry Formulas
Density
Specific Gravity
Percent
Fahrenheit to Celsius
Mass of substance / Volume of substance
density of sample / density of water
parts of / whole amount x 100
Tf = 1.8(Tc) + 32
Density
Mass of substance / Volume of substance
Specific Gravity
density of sample / density of water
102 terms
Chemistry Formulas
HYDROXIDE
CARBONATE
BICARBONATE
NITRITE
OH-
CO3--
HCO3-
NO2-
HYDROXIDE
OH-
CARBONATE
CO3--
32 terms
Chemistry Formulas
1 Food Calorie (Cal) = _____ cal
1 cal = ____ J
What is the Fahrenheit and Celcius for…
What is the Celcius and Kelvin formula?
1000
4.18
5F = 9C +160
K = C + 273
1 Food Calorie (Cal) = _____ cal
1000
1 cal = ____ J
4.18
17 terms
Chemistry (Formulas)
electron configuration
Orbital Diagrams
Atomic Size
Ionization Energy
electron configuration
Orbital Diagrams
54 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Mass/Volume =
Stairstep
1 inch = ? cm
1 mile = ? km
Density
2.54 cm
1.609 km
Mass/Volume =
Density
Stairstep
12 terms
Chemistry formulas
Density
Percent Composition
Molar mass
Boyle's Law
Density=Mass / Volume
%= (the mass of element / total mass) * 100
MM=g / mol
P₁V₁=P₂V₂... P=Pressure (in torr, atm, pascals, barr, mmHg)... V=Vo…
Density
Density=Mass / Volume
Percent Composition
%= (the mass of element / total mass) * 100
Chemistry - Formulas
Percentage
Average
Average error
Volume by Calculation
The variable / Total x 100%
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
Actual value - experimental value / actual value = average er…
V(sphere) = 4/3(3.1416)r^3... V(cylinder) = V = 3.1416(r^2)heigh…
Percentage
The variable / Total x 100%
Average
Sum total of all measurements / # of measurements
11 terms
Chemistry (reactions, formulas, and equations)
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom.
A substance made of two or more different elements bonded tog…
A group of atoms bonded together
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom.
Compound
A substance made of two or more different elements bonded tog…
6 terms
Chemistry - Vocabulary Chapter 9 - Chemical Names and Formulas
Monoatomic Ion
Binary Compound
Acid
Base
...
...
...
...
Monoatomic Ion
...
Binary Compound
...
7 terms
Chemistry Formulas
NaCl
H2O
C6 H12 O6
O2
Table Salt (I)
Water (C)
Simple Sugar (C)
Oxygen Gas (C)
NaCl
Table Salt (I)
H2O
Water (C)
CHEMISTRY FORMULA / VOCABULARY
Nuclear chemistry
Isotopes
Spontaneous decay
Half-life
chemistry dealing with radioactivity, nuclear processes and n…
atoms that have the same number of protons and electrons, but…
the process by which a quantum system in an excited state und…
time it takes for half of the atoms in a pure sample of the i…
Nuclear chemistry
chemistry dealing with radioactivity, nuclear processes and n…
Isotopes
atoms that have the same number of protons and electrons, but…
Chemistry Formulas
ammonium
Nitrite
Nitrate
Hydroxide
ammonium
Nitrite
Chemistry formulas
Phosphate
Sulfate
Sulfite
Chromate
PO4 3-
SO4 2-
SO3 2-
CrO4 2-
Phosphate
PO4 3-
Sulfate
SO4 2-
Chemistry Topic 2 Formulas and Equations
Analysis
Chemical change
Coefficient
Decomposition
A reaction that is the reverse of a synthesis reaction. A sin…
A change in which the identity of the products differs from t…
A number written in front of a formula.
A single compound is broken down into two or more simpler sub…
Analysis
A reaction that is the reverse of a synthesis reaction. A sin…
Chemical change
A change in which the identity of the products differs from t…
Chemistry bonding vocabulary (formula)
NH4+
NO3-
NO2-
SO4-2
Ammonium
Nitrate
Nitrite
Sulfate
NH4+
Ammonium
NO3-
Nitrate
Basic Formulas & Chemistry Concepts
Density... Ex: How much Density does a 3…
Celcius (°C)
Fahrenheit (°F)
Kelvin (K)
Mass ÷ Volume... d=m÷v... 301g ÷ 15.6cm^3... = 19.3 g/cm^3... * Bonus…
0 = frozen... 100 = Boiling
T(°F) = 0°C × 9/5 + 32 = 32 °F... Degrees°C × 9/5 + 32 = Degree…
0(C) = 273.15 (k) ... ± 273.15 from Celcius
Density... Ex: How much Density does a 3…
Mass ÷ Volume... d=m÷v... 301g ÷ 15.6cm^3... = 19.3 g/cm^3... * Bonus…
Celcius (°C)
0 = frozen... 100 = Boiling
15 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Percent Error
Percent Yield
Density
Molarity
actual-theoretical/theoretical * 100
actual/theoretical * 100
mass/volume
moles/liters
Percent Error
actual-theoretical/theoretical * 100
Percent Yield
actual/theoretical * 100
Chemistry Formulas
Celsius + 273 =
Mass/Volume =
Stairstep
1 inch = ? cm
Kelvin
Density
2.54 cm
Celsius + 273 =
Kelvin
Mass/Volume =
Density
5 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Acetate 1
Ammonium
Bromate
Carbonate
CH COO -1 ... 3
NH +1... 4
BrO -1... 3
CO -2... 3
Acetate 1
CH COO -1 ... 3
Ammonium
NH +1... 4
15 terms
Chemistry Formulas
d=m/v
v=lwh
vcylinder=pir^2h
sg=density of object/1g/ml or g/cm^3
density formula
volume formula
volume of a cylinder formula
specific gravity formula
d=m/v
density formula
v=lwh
volume formula
Chemistry - Formulas
a
b
Kilo Centi Micro
Mega Deci Milli Nano
Multiplication or Division:... a) Least S.F... b) Least D.P
Addition or Subtraction:... a) Least S.F... b) Least D.P
Mega - ______ - Deci - ______ - Milli - ______ - Nano
_______ - Kilo - ______ - Centi - _______ - Micro - _______
a
Multiplication or Division:... a) Least S.F... b) Least D.P
b
Addition or Subtraction:... a) Least S.F... b) Least D.P
Chemistry Formulas
Percent Error
Avogadro's #
Density
Boyle's Law
(experimental value - true value ) / true value x 100
6.022 x 10²³
P₁V₁=P₂V₂
Percent Error
(experimental value - true value ) / true value x 100
Avogadro's #
6.022 x 10²³
Chemistry Formulas
percent error
kelvin to celsius
celsius to kelvin
density
P = | true value - experimental value | / true value X 100
C + 273.15
K - 273.15
m / v
percent error
P = | true value - experimental value | / true value X 100
kelvin to celsius
C + 273.15
74 terms
AP Chemistry Vocabulary and Formulas (Ch 4 & 5)
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Electrolyte
homogenous mixture of two or more substances... made up of solv…
substance present in the greatest quantity
substance(s) dissolved in the solvent
substance whose aqueous solutions contain ions
Solution
homogenous mixture of two or more substances... made up of solv…
Solvent
substance present in the greatest quantity
chemistry formulas
ammonium
cyanide
permanganate
acetate
NH4 1+
CN 1-
MnO4 1-
C2H3O2 1-
ammonium
NH4 1+
cyanide
CN 1-
12 terms
Chemistry Chapter 16 Formulas and Vocabulary
boiling-point elevation
freezing-point depression
molal freezing-point depression consta…
molal boiling-point elevation constant…
difference in temperature between the boiling point of a solu…
difference in temperature between the freezing point of a sol…
equal to the change in the freezing point for a 1-molal solut…
equal to the change in the boiling point for a 1-molal soluti…
boiling-point elevation
difference in temperature between the boiling point of a solu…
freezing-point depression
difference in temperature between the freezing point of a sol…
18 terms
Chemistry 121 Vocabulary Words + Formulas
Average Deviation
Density
Percent Error
Percent/Relative Deviation
Subtracting each value from the average and taking the absolu…
Mass / Volume
(Theoretical - Experimental) / Theoretical * 100
Average Deviation / Average *100
Average Deviation
Subtracting each value from the average and taking the absolu…
Density
Mass / Volume
Chemistry Formulas
Planck relation (Frequency)
Angular Momentum of an electron (Bohr…
Energy of an electron (Bohr Model)
Planck relation (wavelength)
E=hf
L=nh/2pi
E= -(Rh/n^2) Rh is Rydberg constant
E=hc/wavelength
Planck relation (Frequency)
E=hf
Angular Momentum of an electron (Bohr…
L=nh/2pi
24 terms
Chemistry Formulas
H3O+
NH4+
(C2H3O2)-
CN-
Hydronium
Ammonium
Acetate
Cyanide
H3O+
Hydronium
NH4+
Ammonium
Chemistry Formulas
CH3COO -/C2H3O2 -
NO2 -
NO3 -
ClO -
Acetate
Nitrite
Nitrate
Hypochloride
CH3COO -/C2H3O2 -
Acetate
NO2 -
Nitrite
Chemistry Formulas
Acetate
Ammonium
BiCarbonate
Carbonate
C2H3O2^-
NH4^+
HCO3^-
CO3^-
Acetate
C2H3O2^-
Ammonium
NH4^+
5 terms
Chemistry Formulas
Density
Mass
Volume
Celsius
D = M/V
M = D x V
V = M/D
C = K - 273
Density
D = M/V
Mass
M = D x V
Chemistry formulas
Ammonium
Cesium
Copper[1]
Francium
Nh_4 +1 charge
Cg +1 charge
Cu +1 charge
Fr +1 charge
Ammonium
Nh_4 +1 charge
Cesium
Cg +1 charge
Chemistry Formulas
Mole Fraction
Percent Composition
Ppm
Molarity
Moles of Solute/Moles of solute + Moles of Solvent
Mass of Solute/ Mass of Solution
(Mass of solute (g)/ Mass of solution (g) ) x 10^6... Volume = L
Moles of Solute/ Volume of Solution (L)
Mole Fraction
Moles of Solute/Moles of solute + Moles of Solvent
Percent Composition
Mass of Solute/ Mass of Solution
191 terms
Chemistry: Naming & Writing Formulas
What is the Greek prefix for 1?
What is the Greek prefix for 2?
What is the Greek prefix for 3?
What is the Greek prefix for 4?
mono-
di-
tri-
tetra-
What is the Greek prefix for 1?
mono-
What is the Greek prefix for 2?
di-
38 terms
Chemistry Formulas
SO₄²⁻
NH₄⁺
O₂²⁻
PO₄³⁻
sulfate ion
ammonium ion
peroxide ion
phosphate
SO₄²⁻
sulfate ion
NH₄⁺
ammonium ion
9 terms
Chemistry formulas
H2SO4
H2CO3
HClO3
HI
Sulfiric Acid
Carbonic Acid
Chlroic Acid
Hydro Idoic Acid
H2SO4
Sulfiric Acid
H2CO3
Carbonic Acid
Chemistry formulas
Density
Specific gravity
Temperature change
Tc
D=mass/volume
Density of sample/density of water
Heat/mass*SH
(Tf-32)/1.8
Density
D=mass/volume
Specific gravity
Density of sample/density of water
Chemistry formulas
Cube volume formula
Rectangle volume formula
Sphere volume formula
Cone volume formula
S^3
LxWxH
4/3 (pie) r^3
1/3 (pie) r^2 (h)
Cube volume formula
S^3
Rectangle volume formula
LxWxH
Chemistry formulas
(OH) -
(PO4)-3
(NH4)+1
(CO3)-2
Hydroxide
Phosphate
Ammonium
Carbonate
(OH) -
Hydroxide
(PO4)-3
Phosphate
Chemistry formulas
PO4^2-
SO4^2-
NH4^+
OH^-
Phosphate
Sulfate
Ammonium
Hydroxide
PO4^2-
Phosphate
SO4^2-
Sulfate
Chemistry Formulas
The Ideal Gas Law
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Avogadro's Law
PV=nRT
P1V1=P2V2
V1/T1=V2/T2
V1/n1=V2/n2
The Ideal Gas Law
PV=nRT
Boyle's Law
P1V1=P2V2
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