Study sets matching "chemistry"

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Study sets matching "chemistry"

14 termscreated on January 20, 2017
SAT Chemistry Chapter 12
What digits are significant?
What digits are not significant?
What is accuracy?
What is precision?
nonzero digits, zero digits between nonzero digits, and zeros…
zeros at the end of number greater than 1, zeros to the left…
a measure of how correct a measurement is
a measure of how exact a measurement is compared to the real…
What digits are significant?
nonzero digits, zero digits between nonzero digits, and zeros…
What digits are not significant?
zeros at the end of number greater than 1, zeros to the left…
25 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Alcohol
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkane
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkene
29 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Polyatomic atoms
Ammonium Cation
Hydronium cation
Hydroxide anion
Acetate anion
Ammonium Cation
Hydronium cation
7 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Diatoms
I
Br
Cl
F
iodine
bromine
chlorine
fluorine
I
iodine
Br
bromine
40 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Symbols of Common Elements. 1/20/17
Ag
Al
Ar
As
...
...
...
...
Ag
...
Al
...
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Latin Roots of Elements
Gold's Latin root
Symbol for Gold
Iron's Latin root
Symbol for Iron
Aurum
Au
Ferrum
Fe
Gold's Latin root
Aurum
Symbol for Gold
Au
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry Chapter 8 Flashcards
An _____ is a small unit of mass equal…
The _____ of an element is the sum of…
-the number equal to the number of car…
The number of atoms in exactly 12 gram…
atomic mass unit
average atomic mass
mole
Avogadro's number
An _____ is a small unit of mass equal…
atomic mass unit
The _____ of an element is the sum of…
average atomic mass
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 2
Mass
Volume
Extensive Property
Intensive Property
a measure of the amount of matter an object contains
a measure of the amount of space an object occupies
property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample
property that depends on the type of matter in a sample
Mass
a measure of the amount of matter an object contains
Volume
a measure of the amount of space an object occupies
5 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry 142 Midterm 1
Bromite
Bromate
Perbromate
Ammonium
BrO₂⁻
BrO₃⁻
BrO₄⁻
NH₄⁺
Bromite
BrO₂⁻
Bromate
BrO₃⁻
13 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry Shapes of Molecules
2 bonding domains, 0 non-bonding domains
3 bonding domains, 0 non-bonding domains
2 bonding domains, 1 non-bonding domains
4 bonding domains, 0 non-bonding domains
linear
trigonal planar
bent
tetrahedral
2 bonding domains, 0 non-bonding domains
linear
3 bonding domains, 0 non-bonding domains
trigonal planar
14 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry
Atomic theory created by
elements
compounds
cathode
Dalton, 1813
all the same thing
more than one type of atom
negative electrode
Atomic theory created by
Dalton, 1813
elements
all the same thing
22 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry
Seconds(s)
Meter(m)
Kelvin(K)
Mole(mol)
Time
Length
Temperature
Quality of a substance
Seconds(s)
Time
Meter(m)
Length
32 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry
Chemistry
Mass
Weight
Qualitative data
The study of matter and the changes that it undergoes.
A measure that reflects the amount of matter
A measure of an amount of matter and also the effect of Earth…
Information describing color, shape, odor, or some other phys…
Chemistry
The study of matter and the changes that it undergoes.
Mass
A measure that reflects the amount of matter
20 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 1-4 Nouns
el saludo
la despedida
la ayuda
la dirección/el domicilio
greeting
farewell
help
address
el saludo
greeting
la despedida
farewell
25 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Analytical Chemistry: Mid-Term Exam
Accuracy
Precision
Chemical property
Physical property
How close you are to the true value
Repeatability of the same answer
Must carry out chemical change to observe (ex: flammability)
Can observe without changing (ex: color)
Accuracy
How close you are to the true value
Precision
Repeatability of the same answer
19 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Kaplan: organic chemistry chpt 2 - isomers
Constitutional isomers or structural i…
Physical properties
Chemical properties
Stereoisomers
only have same molecular formula, meaning their MW must be th…
don't change composition ... ex: BP, MP, solubility, odor, color…
reactivity of molecule resulting in change in chemical compos…
-consist of conformational and configurational ... -unlike struc…
Constitutional isomers or structural i…
only have same molecular formula, meaning their MW must be th…
Physical properties
don't change composition ... ex: BP, MP, solubility, odor, color…
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
SAT Chemistry Chapter 9
What is a solution?
What is molarity?
What is molality?
What is mass percent?
a mixture of a solute and solvent
a measure of the number of moles of solute dissolved per lite…
a measure of the number of moles of solute dissolved per kilo…
mass of solute divide by total mass
What is a solution?
a mixture of a solute and solvent
What is molarity?
a measure of the number of moles of solute dissolved per lite…
29 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Unit 4 Terminology
Actinides
Alkali metals
Alkaline earth metals
Allotropes
a group of rare earth elements in period 7
Group 1 metals that have low melting points, are very soft th…
Group 2 metals that have higher melting points and are harder…
different molecular structures of the same element. The diffe…
Actinides
a group of rare earth elements in period 7
Alkali metals
Group 1 metals that have low melting points, are very soft th…
5 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Anions: negative ions based on group 5a/2.4 ( formulas and names)
NO2-
NO3-
PO4^3-
HPO4^2-
Nitrite ion
Nitrate ion
Phosphate ipn
Hydrogen phosphate ion
NO2-
Nitrite ion
NO3-
Nitrate ion
422 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chem Final Review Mix
chemistry
quantitative
qualitative
units
"the central science" because it permeates through everything…
observations with numbers that measures the amount or size
relative or descriptive observations without a number
what needs to be written down after every recorded number in…
chemistry
"the central science" because it permeates through everything…
quantitative
observations with numbers that measures the amount or size
20 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry 112 Exam
Isotope
Aufbau principal
Pauli Exclusion
Hund's Rule
Different number of neutrons therefore a different mass
Electrons occupy energy levels with the lowest energy first
If 2 electrons occupy the same energy level they must have op…
Electrons that occupy orbitals of the same energy will have t…
Isotope
Different number of neutrons therefore a different mass
Aufbau principal
Electrons occupy energy levels with the lowest energy first
18 termscreated on January 20, 2017
General Definitions
Three parts to the atom
Protons
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Protons, Neutrons, Electrons
The number of _______ cannot be changed in chemistry. However…
element made of 8 protons
element made of 7 protons
Three parts to the atom
Protons, Neutrons, Electrons
Protons
The number of _______ cannot be changed in chemistry. However…
19 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Pearson Chemistry Chapter 1 Vocabulary
matter
chemistry
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
anything that has a mass and occupies space
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
the study of all chemicals containing carbon
the study of chemicals that, in general, do not contain carbon
matter
anything that has a mass and occupies space
chemistry
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
5 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Anions: negative ions based on group 4a/2.4 ( formulas and names)
CN-
CH3CO2-
CO3^2-
HCO3-
Cyanide ion
Acetate ion
Carbonate ion
Hydrogen carbonate ion or bicarbonate ion
CN-
Cyanide ion
CH3CO2-
Acetate ion
13 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Matter
Matter
Chemistry
Substance
Physical Property
The substance of which any physical object consists or is com…
The science that deals with the composition and properties of…
That of which a thing consists; physical matter or material
The changes in the physical properties of a system can be use…
Matter
The substance of which any physical object consists or is com…
Chemistry
The science that deals with the composition and properties of…
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
measurement , matter and math
qualitative observations
quantitative observations
metric conversions
accuracy/precesion
describing something w/o numerical values, color, shape, stat…
describing something w/ numbers, weight, length
mega-M-million... kilo-k- thousand... (base)... deci-d-tenth... centi-c-…
precision- repeated trials give same result... accuracy- trial g…
qualitative observations
describing something w/o numerical values, color, shape, stat…
quantitative observations
describing something w/ numbers, weight, length
58 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Tobin Science Midterm
Measurement
What method would you use to fine the…
Define Density
What equation is used to find the dens…
...
graduated cylinder
ratio of an objects mass to it's volume
mass/volume
Measurement
...
What method would you use to fine the…
graduated cylinder
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Unit 8: Shape and Polarity Review
VSEPR theory
linear
trigonal planar
tetrahedral
-valence shell electron pairs stay as far apart as possible t…
VSEPR theory
-valence shell electron pairs stay as far apart as possible t…
linear
28 termscreated on January 20, 2017
School subjects
Les langues étrangères
L'espagnol
L'anglais
L'art
Foreign languages
Spanish
English
Art
Les langues étrangères
Foreign languages
L'espagnol
Spanish
36 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio evolution vocab terms
Evolution
Theory
Charles Darwin
Species
Genetic change over time
Hypothesis supported by evidence
Known as the Father of evolution
Interbreeding populations of organisms that can produce offsp…
Evolution
Genetic change over time
Theory
Hypothesis supported by evidence
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Jan. 25 (Wed) Mini-quiz 8: Hiragana & Majors
major
specialty, expert
Music
Science, Chemistry
せんこう
せんもん
おんがく
かがく
major
せんこう
specialty, expert
せんもん
16 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Disciplinas
a Antropologia
a Biologia
a Contabilidade
a Economia
Anthropology
biology
accounting
economics
a Antropologia
Anthropology
a Biologia
biology
15 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry anions to remember
silver (Ag)
zinc (Zn)
cadmium (Cd)
Aluminum (Al)
1+ charge
2+ charge
2+ charge
3+ charge
silver (Ag)
1+ charge
zinc (Zn)
2+ charge
16 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 2 - Basic Chemistry
Matter
Atoms
The Periodic Table
Electrons and Energy
-anything that takes up space and has mass.... 1. *States of Mat…
1. Atomic Structure: protons, neutrons (nucleus) and electr…
-shows how various characteristics of elements recur, periodi…
1. Energy Levels: contains certain number of electrons/orbi…
Matter
-anything that takes up space and has mass.... 1. *States of Mat…
Atoms
1. Atomic Structure: protons, neutrons (nucleus) and electr…
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry
nick the camel ate a clam for supper i…
things to remember when writing formul…
oxidation numbers
guidelines for determining oxidation n…
nitrate carbonate chlorate sulfate phosphate... consonants is ho…
-place parentheses around polyatomic ion before saying how mu…
-used to keep track of how many electrons an atom has... -don't…
1)non ions have an oxidation number of 0... 2)monoatomic ions ha…
nick the camel ate a clam for supper i…
nitrate carbonate chlorate sulfate phosphate... consonants is ho…
things to remember when writing formul…
-place parentheses around polyatomic ion before saying how mu…
51 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Elements
Aluminum
Antimony
Argon
Arsenic
Al
Sb
Ar
As
Aluminum
Al
Antimony
Sb
22 termscreated on January 20, 2017
CHAPTER 1: Elements (List 3/4)
Pu
B
Po
I
plutonium
boron
polonium
iodine
Pu
plutonium
B
boron
6 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Fundamental Constants for Chemistry
Atomic Mass Unit
Avogadro's Number
Boltzmann's Constant
Faraday's Constant
1 amu = 1.661x10^-27 kg
N_A = 6.022x10^23 / mol
k = 1.381x10^-23 J / K
F = 9.649x10^4 C / mol
Atomic Mass Unit
1 amu = 1.661x10^-27 kg
Avogadro's Number
N_A = 6.022x10^23 / mol
77 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Istruzione
il liceo classico
la lingua greca
la lingua latina
la storia
classic high school
Greek
Latin
history
il liceo classico
classic high school
la lingua greca
Greek
37 termscreated on January 20, 2017
FSN 230 Food Chemistry
What the heck is food?!
What are the four constituents of food…
Wait....I can do math, so, what makes…
What are the essential ingredients for…
It's what we eat. If we consume it, put it into our mouth wit…
1. Water... 2. Protein... 3. Carbohydrates... 4. Lipids
The rest of food's mass is made up of thousands of different…
Oxygen... Water... Food... .......beer (jk)
What the heck is food?!
It's what we eat. If we consume it, put it into our mouth wit…
What are the four constituents of food…
1. Water... 2. Protein... 3. Carbohydrates... 4. Lipids
34 termscreated on January 20, 2017
AP 1 : Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
Element
Biochemistry
Atomic number
6 elements = 98.5% of body weight are:
the simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
the study of the molecules that compose living organisms
number of protons in its nucleus
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus
Element
the simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
Biochemistry
the study of the molecules that compose living organisms
5 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry 2
qualitative
solvent
solubility
solute
relating to, measuring, or measured by the quality of somethi…
is what a substance dissolves in ex.water
is the process of a substance dissolving into another substance
is a substance that goes into to another to dissolve ex.sugar
qualitative
relating to, measuring, or measured by the quality of somethi…
solvent
is what a substance dissolves in ex.water
32 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Unit 3: Atoms, Ions, and Isotopes Review
nucleus
positive
high
1
protons are found in the _____
protons have a _____ charge
protons have a _____ mass
protons are _____ amu
nucleus
protons are found in the _____
positive
protons have a _____ charge
53 termscreated on January 20, 2017
French Chapter P Vocab Pt 3
l'allemand (m)
l'anglais (m)
le chinois
l'espagnol (m)
German
English
Chinese
Spanish
l'allemand (m)
German
l'anglais (m)
English
17 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Con Bio Lecture 1
Conservation biology
Ecology
Environmentalism
3 goals of con bio
An integrated, multidisciplinary scientific field that has de…
Not conservation biology; the branch of biology that deals wi…
A widespread movement characterized by political and educatio…
1. Document full range of Earth's biological diversity... 2. Inv…
Conservation biology
An integrated, multidisciplinary scientific field that has de…
Ecology
Not conservation biology; the branch of biology that deals wi…
8 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 13 Holt Chemistry
solution
suspension
solute
solvent
a homogeneous mixture of a solute dissolved in a solvent.
a mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
in a solution, the substance that is dissolved in the solvent
in a solution, the substance in the which the solute is disso…
solution
a homogeneous mixture of a solute dissolved in a solvent.
suspension
a mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
13 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Science vocab (Chem)
Inorganic chemistry
Organic chemistry
Diamond
Graphite
The study of non-carbon compounds.
The study of carbon compounds
The hardest mineral, diamond crystals form from C deep within…
Pencil lead, each C atom is bonded tightly to 3 other C atoms…
Inorganic chemistry
The study of non-carbon compounds.
Organic chemistry
The study of carbon compounds
29 termscreated on January 20, 2017
bio midterm 4/5
Organic chemistry is defined as
How many electron pairs does carbon sh…
Why are hydrocarbons insoluble in water?
the structures of glucose and fructose…
The study of carbon compounds
4
The majority of their bonds are nonpolar covalent carbon-to-h…
arrangement of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.
Organic chemistry is defined as
The study of carbon compounds
How many electron pairs does carbon sh…
4
40 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 1
Matter
Composition
Structure
Atom
anything that has mass and takes up volume
what something is made of
what something is made of and how its components are arranged
the fundamental unit of matter
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up volume
Composition
what something is made of
13 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Holt Chemistry Ch. 11 States of Matter and Intermolecular Forces
surface tension
evaporation
boiling point
condensation
a force that acts on the surface of a liquid and that tends t…
the process by which water changes from liquid form to an atm…
the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level
the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid s…
surface tension
a force that acts on the surface of a liquid and that tends t…
evaporation
the process by which water changes from liquid form to an atm…
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