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Study sets matching "chemistry"

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Study sets matching "chemistry"

16 terms
CHEMISTRY
chemical property
physical property
characteristic
Elements
any characteristic of matter you can only observe during or a…
any property of matter you can observe or measure without cha…
properties that help you identify a substance or matter.
made up of only one type of atom, found in the Periodic Table…
chemical property
any characteristic of matter you can only observe during or a…
physical property
any property of matter you can observe or measure without cha…
36 terms
Chemistry
pharmaceutical
carbon
CO2
reaction
the kind of industry which produces medicines
a chemical found in diamonds and coal
the gas we breathe out is...
mixing chemicals may cause a chemical.....
pharmaceutical
the kind of industry which produces medicines
carbon
a chemical found in diamonds and coal
18 terms
Chemistry
matter
states of matter
atom
proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
Smallest particle of an element
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
states of matter
The physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
31 terms
Chemistry
Element
compound
homogenous
Heterogenous
The most basic atom - it can not be broken down further.
2 or more elements combined chemically and involves a chemica…
substance which is consistent or uniform throughout. example:…
a mixture of non similar things. example: sand and water
Element
The most basic atom - it can not be broken down further.
compound
2 or more elements combined chemically and involves a chemica…
14 terms
CHEMISTRY
element
compound
mixture
solution
substance containing only 1 type of atom which cannot be simp…
2 or more elements chemically bonded in fixed proportions. e.…
2 or more elements and or compounds in same phase but not com…
the solvent and solute put/mixed together
element
substance containing only 1 type of atom which cannot be simp…
compound
2 or more elements chemically bonded in fixed proportions. e.…
24 terms
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
Chemistry
reactants
yields
catalysts
acid
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
to produce or provide
a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
a chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some…
reactants
a substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
yields
to produce or provide
31 terms
Chemistry
An atom with a charge
the atomic number (the number of proto…
Protons, Neutrons, Electrons
Neutrons, protons, electrons
What is an ION?
What makes 1 type of atom different from another?
What 3 particles make up an atom?
Put the particles in order of most massive to least
An atom with a charge
What is an ION?
the atomic number (the number of proto…
What makes 1 type of atom different from another?
20 terms
Chemistry
Electron
Proton
Neutron
Atomic Number
The negative part of an atom
The positive part of an atom
The neutral part of an atom
What is this called?
Electron
The negative part of an atom
Proton
The positive part of an atom
20 terms
Chemistry
Atom
Chemical change
Chemical Equation
Chemical Properties
The smallest part of an element which maintains the propertie…
Changing one substance into another substance resulting in a…
A shorthand way of writing all the atoms and molecules in a c…
The identifying characteristics of a substance such as color,…
Atom
The smallest part of an element which maintains the propertie…
Chemical change
Changing one substance into another substance resulting in a…
20 terms
Chemistry
physical change
physical property
chemical change
chemical property
A change in a substance that does not involve a change in the…
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
A change in matter that produces one or more new substances
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
physical change
A change in a substance that does not involve a change in the…
physical property
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
43 terms
Chemistry
Isotope
Ion
Atom
Nucleus
One of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with…
An atom that has a positive or negative charge
The basic unit of matter; smallest part of an element
The center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
Isotope
One of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with…
Ion
An atom that has a positive or negative charge
9 terms
Chemistry
Matter
Atom
Element
Compound
Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space.
Tiny particles that make up all matter.... Made of protons, neut…
Substances that contain one type of atom. Cannot be broken do…
Substances that contain two or more elements that are combine…
Matter
Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space.
Atom
Tiny particles that make up all matter.... Made of protons, neut…
25 terms
Chemistry
Solubility
Solute
Solvent
Salt
A measure of how well a chemical (solute) dissolves in a liqu…
The substance which dissolves
The liquid which dissolves the solute
Any chemical compound formed from the reaction of an acid wit…
Solubility
A measure of how well a chemical (solute) dissolves in a liqu…
Solute
The substance which dissolves
12 terms
Chemistry
Arrow
Reactant
Product
Photosynthesis
means yield or produce
a substance that is there before the reaction starts
a substance that is formed in the reaction
the process in which light energy from the sun is changed int…
Arrow
means yield or produce
Reactant
a substance that is there before the reaction starts
Chemistry
Signs of a chemical change
Law of Conservation of Mass (or Matter)
Chemical groups (families)
Chemical periods
gas formed, change in temperature, precipitate formed, rust,…
matter cannot be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction
have the same number of valence electrons; therefore the same…
elements in the same period have the same number of shells
Signs of a chemical change
gas formed, change in temperature, precipitate formed, rust,…
Law of Conservation of Mass (or Matter)
matter cannot be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction
21 terms
Chemistry
Matter
Atomic number
Atomic Weight/ Mass
Isotope
anything that has mass and takes up space
the number of protons OR electrons
the number of protons and neutrons
an increased mass number/ different number of neutrons
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Atomic number
the number of protons OR electrons
73 terms
Chemistry
hydrogen
helium
oxygen
nitrogen
n.氢
n.氦
n.氧
n.氮
hydrogen
n.氢
helium
n.氦
13 terms
CHEMISTRY
ATOMS
ATOMIC MASS
ELECTRONS
ELEMENTS
Building blocks of matter
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
Negatively charged particles that move around the nucleus
Cannot be broken down into any other simpler substance
ATOMS
Building blocks of matter
ATOMIC MASS
The average mass of all the isotopes of an element
Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Matter
Element
Substances that contain carbon, associated with living things…
Dealing with compounds that do not contain carbon. These subs…
Any substance that occupies space and has mass. All matter ha…
It is the simplest form of chemical matter. It cannot be brok…
Organic Chemistry
Substances that contain carbon, associated with living things…
Inorganic Chemistry
Dealing with compounds that do not contain carbon. These subs…
32 terms
Chemistry
anion
cation
isotopes
suspension
a negatively charged atom or molecule
a positively charge atom or molecule
forms of an element that have the same number of protons, but…
cloudy mixture with particles that can be separated out
anion
a negatively charged atom or molecule
cation
a positively charge atom or molecule
15 terms
Chemistry
element
properties
state of matter
solid
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
characteristics used to describe an object
any of the four physical forms of matter
state of matter with a definite shape and volume
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
properties
characteristics used to describe an object
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
39 terms
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
39 terms
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
39 terms
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
39 terms
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
39 terms
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
30 terms
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
Substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
Smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
Center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
Particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
Substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
Smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
20 terms
Chemistry
Matter
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The basic particle from which all elements are made
The very small center core of an atom
A small positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
The basic particle from which all elements are made
Chemistry
proton
electron
neutron
valence electrons
Positive charge;(+); found inside nucleus; mass is 1 amu
negative charge;(-); found in electron cloud; mass is almost…
neutral charge; found inside nucleus; mass is 1 amu
electrons found in the outermost energy level/orbital/shell
proton
Positive charge;(+); found inside nucleus; mass is 1 amu
electron
negative charge;(-); found in electron cloud; mass is almost…
21 terms
Chemistry
Organic compounds
Lipids
Fats
saturated fat
contain carbon and usually hydrogen
organic compounds used by cells as long term energy stores or…
a lipid with a glycerol and 3 fatty acids
no double bonds, is bad for you, and solidifies at room tempe…
Organic compounds
contain carbon and usually hydrogen
Lipids
organic compounds used by cells as long term energy stores or…
30 terms
Chemistry
Physical properties
Chemical Properties
Alloy
Compound
A property which can be observed through the five senses.
Properties which can be found or observed during a chemical r…
Metals mixed with a non-metal substance
Two or more elements combined chemically.
Physical properties
A property which can be observed through the five senses.
Chemical Properties
Properties which can be found or observed during a chemical r…
15 terms
Chemistry
Proton
Neutron
Electron
nucleus
Part of an atom that is positively charged (+); found in the…
Part of an atom that has no charge (neutral); found in the nu…
part of an atom that is negatively charged (-); found in the…
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
Proton
Part of an atom that is positively charged (+); found in the…
Neutron
Part of an atom that has no charge (neutral); found in the nu…
27 terms
Chemistry
Atom
Matter
Molecule
Electron Microscope
The smallest form of matter; they are the building blocks of…
Anything that has mass (weight) and takes up space. Everythin…
Two or more atoms that are bonded together.
A scientific instrument used to see atoms and molecules up cl…
Atom
The smallest form of matter; they are the building blocks of…
Matter
Anything that has mass (weight) and takes up space. Everythin…
Chemistry
chemistry
element
atom
electron
branch of science that deals with the study of the structure…
substance that cannot be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
atomic particle with a negative charge
chemistry
branch of science that deals with the study of the structure…
element
substance that cannot be chemically broken down into simpler…
26 terms
Chemistry
Reactants
Products
Endothermic reactions
Exothermic reactions
Substance you start with before the chemical equation
The substances formed in a chemical reaction
Absorb energy from surrounding environment to cool down
Release energy in the form of light and heat
Reactants
Substance you start with before the chemical equation
Products
The substances formed in a chemical reaction
16 terms
Chemistry
Democritus
Alchemists
Robert Boyle
Antoine Lavosier
Believed that matter was made up of tiny, indestructible part…
obsessed with changing elements to gold, and with finding a p…
An actual alchemist, he was the first to use measurements.
Came up with the Law of conservation of mass
Democritus
Believed that matter was made up of tiny, indestructible part…
Alchemists
obsessed with changing elements to gold, and with finding a p…
38 terms
Chemistry
Test tube Brush
Stirring rod
Evaporating dish
Glass plate
Test tube Brush
Stirring rod
Chemistry
States of matter
Particle
Atoms
Solid
Made up of 3 components : Solid, Liquid and Gas
Tiny matter that everything is made out of.
Small part of an element that contributes to any chemical rea…
Regular arrangement... Compacted... Fixed positions
States of matter
Made up of 3 components : Solid, Liquid and Gas
Particle
Tiny matter that everything is made out of.
91 terms
Chemistry
chemical reaction
reactant
product
chemical equation
the process in which that atoms of one or more substances are…
the starting substances of a chemical reaction
the substance that results from a chemical reaction
a statement that uses chemical formulas to show the identitie…
chemical reaction
the process in which that atoms of one or more substances are…
reactant
the starting substances of a chemical reaction
37 terms
chemistry
atom
proton
neutron
electron
the basic unit of a chemical element.
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
atom
the basic unit of a chemical element.
proton
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
13 terms
Chemistry
Atom
atomic mass
atomic mass unit
atomic number
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
an element is a weighted average mass of the atoms in a natur…
defined as one twelfth of the mass of a carbon-12 atom
number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of that element
Atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
atomic mass
an element is a weighted average mass of the atoms in a natur…
42 terms
chemistry
atom
proton
electrons
neutron
the basic unit of a chemical element
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
atom
the basic unit of a chemical element
proton
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
20 terms
Chemistry
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
26 terms
Chemistry
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Law
Matter
systematic approach to research
tentative explanation for a set of observations
a concise statement of a relationship between phenomena that…
anything that occupies space and has mass
Scientific Method
systematic approach to research
Hypothesis
tentative explanation for a set of observations
22 terms
Chemistry
covalent
ionic
hydrogen
Organic chemistry
Cộng hóa trị ( trong lk hh )
thuộc về ion
nguyên tố H
hóa hữu cơ
covalent
Cộng hóa trị ( trong lk hh )
ionic
thuộc về ion
14 terms
Chemistry
Acids
Bases
Acid Donor
Base Acceptor
1. Tatse sour... 2. Turns Litmus paper/ Universal test paper RED…
1. Taste bitter and feel soapy... 2. Turns Litmus paper/ Univers…
Gives away a proton, H+
Takes a proton, H+
Acids
1. Tatse sour... 2. Turns Litmus paper/ Universal test paper RED…
Bases
1. Taste bitter and feel soapy... 2. Turns Litmus paper/ Univers…
63 terms
Chemistry
melting
evaporating
freezing
condensation
熔化
汽化
凝固
液化
melting
熔化
evaporating
汽化
Chemistry
Physical property
Chemical property
Physical change
Chemical change
Color smell (qualitative observation)... Size density boiling po…
A characteristic that describes how a change into one or more…
A change in substance that affect its physical properties but…
A change in a substance that results in one or more different…
Physical property
Color smell (qualitative observation)... Size density boiling po…
Chemical property
A characteristic that describes how a change into one or more…
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