Study sets matching "chemistry"

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Study sets matching "chemistry"

7 terms
Chemistry
atomic number
mass number
isotopes
atomic mass unit (amu)
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Sum of protons and neutrons
Atoms that have the same number of protons but different numb…
a unit of mass exactly equal to 1/12 the mass of a c-12 atom…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
mass number
Sum of protons and neutrons
6 terms
chemistry
ions
cation
anion
atomic number 1
Ions are atoms with extra electrons or missing electrons. Whe…
In chemical terms, if a neutral atom loses one or more electr…
Anions are atoms or radicals (groups of atoms), that have gai…
In chemistry and physics, the atomic number of a chemical ele…
ions
Ions are atoms with extra electrons or missing electrons. Whe…
cation
In chemical terms, if a neutral atom loses one or more electr…
14 terms
Chemistry
proton
electron
neutron
nucleus
+ positive charge
- negative charge
0 no charge
protons and neutrons are located here
proton
+ positive charge
electron
- negative charge
Chemistry
Indicator
Le Chatelier's Principle
Saturated hydrocarbons
Catalytic cracking
a solution of a pigment or dye that changes colour depending…
"If a system is at equilibrium and a change is made that dist…
a hydrocarbon that contains only single C-C bonds and the max…
decomposition of long-chain molecules into smaller chains, wh…
Indicator
a solution of a pigment or dye that changes colour depending…
Le Chatelier's Principle
"If a system is at equilibrium and a change is made that dist…
23 terms
Chemistry
Filter Paper
Funnel
Erlenmeyer Flask
Beaker
Filter Paper
Funnel
140 terms
Chemistry
acid
acidic
anion
anode
compound that gives off H+ ions in solution
describes a solution with a high concentration of H+ ions
ions with a negative charge
the electrode where electrons are lost (oxidized) in redox re…
acid
compound that gives off H+ ions in solution
acidic
describes a solution with a high concentration of H+ ions
26 terms
Chemistry
Heterogeneous Mixture
Mixture
Homogeneous Mixture
Extensive Property
A mixture that is not uniform in composition; components are…
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
A mixture that is uniform in composition; components are even…
A property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample
Heterogeneous Mixture
A mixture that is not uniform in composition; components are…
Mixture
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
18 terms
Chemistry
Akanes
Alkenes
Alkynes
Alcohols
single carbon bond C-C
double carbon bond C=C
triple Carbon bond C-=C
have -OH
Akanes
single carbon bond C-C
Alkenes
double carbon bond C=C
22 terms
Chemistry
Molecules
Density
atom
mixture
Incredibly small units of matter
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
smallest particle of an element with the qualities of that el…
Two or more substances that are mixed together but not chemic…
Molecules
Incredibly small units of matter
Density
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
Chemistry
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
the basic unit of a chemical element.
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
Atom
the basic unit of a chemical element.
Proton
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
chemistry
significant digits
density
element
compound
Each of the digits of a number that are used to express it to…
degree of consistency measured by the quantity of mass per un…
An element is a substance consisting of atoms which all have…
a compound is a substance formed when two or more chemical el…
significant digits
Each of the digits of a number that are used to express it to…
density
degree of consistency measured by the quantity of mass per un…
18 terms
Chemistry
matter
states of matter
atom
proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
Smallest particle of an element
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
states of matter
The physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
30 terms
Chemistry
MATTER
MOLECULE
MASS
DENSITY
ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
GROUP OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS HELD TOGETHER BY CHEMICAL BONDS
AMOUNT OF MATTER IN AN OBJECT
AMOUNT OF MASS IN A GIVEN VOLUME
MATTER
ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
MOLECULE
GROUP OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS HELD TOGETHER BY CHEMICAL BONDS
Chemistry
Phases of matter
Heating curve
calculations of heat, fusion, and evap…
Units of measure
Definition: Solid, liquid, or gas.temperature changes, matter…
...
...
Phases of matter
Definition: Solid, liquid, or gas.temperature changes, matter…
Heating curve
52 terms
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
21 terms
Chemistry
Molecules
Density
atom
mixture
Incredibly small units of matter
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
smallest particle of an element with the qualities of that el…
Two or more substances that are mixed together but not chemic…
Molecules
Incredibly small units of matter
Density
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
Chemistry
Chemistry
Matter
Chemical Reaction
Gas
The study of matter and the changes it undergoes
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
A form of matter that does not have a definite volume or shape.
Chemistry
The study of matter and the changes it undergoes
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
chemistry
extensive
intensive
substance
physical property
a property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample
a property that depends on the type of matter in a sample
matter that has uniform and unchanging composition, has ident…
a quality or condition of a substance that can be observed or…
extensive
a property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample
intensive
a property that depends on the type of matter in a sample
Chemistry
London Dispersion Forces
Hydrogen Bonding
dipole-dipole
VSPER notation
Instantaneous dipole creates temporary attraction between mol…
extreme dipole-dipole ... H-bond is a bond, but not as strong as…
Attraction between opposite poles in a polar molecule
A- represents central atom... X- Number of bonding electron grou…
London Dispersion Forces
Instantaneous dipole creates temporary attraction between mol…
Hydrogen Bonding
extreme dipole-dipole ... H-bond is a bond, but not as strong as…
Chemistry
chemistry
matter
substance
physical property
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
anything with mass and takes up space... Example: desk
single kind of matter that is pure and has specific propertie…
characteristic that is observed WITHOUT changing the substanc…
chemistry
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
matter
anything with mass and takes up space... Example: desk
5 terms
chemistry
chemistry
matter
mass
space
the study of matter and its changes
anything that has mass and space
blobbage
surrounding area
chemistry
the study of matter and its changes
matter
anything that has mass and space
21 terms
chemistry
valence electrons
ionic bonding
covalent bonding
metallic bonding
located in outer most energy level
transfer of elections from a metal to nonmetal... -higher than 1…
Bonding that shares electrons between two nonmetals... -one of w…
bonding between two metals... -¨Sea of free moving electrons¨... -f…
valence electrons
located in outer most energy level
ionic bonding
transfer of elections from a metal to nonmetal... -higher than 1…
Chemistry
Measurement
Scientific notation
Precision
Accuracy
a quantity that has both a number and a unit
when a given number is written as the product of two numbers:…
a measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
a measure of how close a measurement comes to the actor true…
Measurement
a quantity that has both a number and a unit
Scientific notation
when a given number is written as the product of two numbers:…
12 terms
Chemistry
mass
volume
density
solubility
a measure of how much matter, or "stuff", is in an object
the amount of space an object takes up
a measure of how much mass is contained in a certain volume (…
the ability to dissolve in a liquid
mass
a measure of how much matter, or "stuff", is in an object
volume
the amount of space an object takes up
Chemistry
Carbonate
Phosphate
sulfate
hydroxide
Carbonate
Phosphate
44 terms
Chemistry
element
atom
nucleus
proton
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
center, or core, of an atom (where the protons and neutrons a…
particle that has a positive charge - located in the nucleus…
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
Chemistry
molecule
compound
element
what is K2SO4
bonded by 2 or more atoms
addition ... 2 or more elements together
all the letters in the molecule ... ex: K2SO4 ... element: KSO
molecule
molecule
bonded by 2 or more atoms
compound
addition ... 2 or more elements together
Chemistry
atom
atom
atom
proton
Smallest part of an element
made of protons, neutrons, and electronssu
An _______ has a nucleus that contains protons and neutrons
sub atomic particle found in the nucleus
atom
Smallest part of an element
atom
made of protons, neutrons, and electronssu
Chemistry
dog
horse
fish
bird
cat
cow
frog
avian
dog
cat
horse
cow
Chemistry
chemical name
chemical reaction
chemical formula
symbol
the name chemists use for a substance, which contains the nam…
chemical reaction a process during which the atoms of startin…
a code that represents the number and kinds of atoms in one p…
symbol a representation of an element using one or two letters
chemical name
the name chemists use for a substance, which contains the nam…
chemical reaction
chemical reaction a process during which the atoms of startin…
Chemistry
Mole
Molar Mass
Atomic Mass Unit
Avogadro's number
standard scientific unit for measuring large quantities of ve…
the mass of a given chemical element or chemical compound (g)…
a unit of mass used to express atomic and molecular weights
as the number of elementary particles (molecules, atoms, comp…
Mole
standard scientific unit for measuring large quantities of ve…
Molar Mass
the mass of a given chemical element or chemical compound (g)…
6 terms
Chemistry
atoms
compound
element
proton
smallest particle of matter
two or more elements chemically combined
made up of one type of atom
positive charge, located in the nucleus
atoms
smallest particle of matter
compound
two or more elements chemically combined
140 terms
Chemistry
acid
acidic
anion
anode
compound that gives off H+ ions in solution
describes a solution with a high concentration of H+ ions
ions with a negative charge
the electrode where electrons are lost (oxidized) in redox re…
acid
compound that gives off H+ ions in solution
acidic
describes a solution with a high concentration of H+ ions
37 terms
Chemistry
Matter
Atom
proton
neutron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Basic unit of matter... Smallest particle of an element... Smallest…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Basic unit of matter... Smallest particle of an element... Smallest…
22 terms
Chemistry
property
chemical property
chemical change
physical change
a quality of matter
specific qualities of matter that rarely change and are used…
occurs when one or more substances combine or break apart to…
freezing or boiling water is a result of this
property
a quality of matter
chemical property
specific qualities of matter that rarely change and are used…
28 terms
Chemistry
MATTER
MOLECULE
MASS
DENSITY
ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
GROUP OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS HELD TOGETHER BY CHEMICAL BONDS
AMOUNT OF MATTER IN AN OBJECT
AMOUNT OF MASS IN A GIVEN VOLUME
MATTER
ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
MOLECULE
GROUP OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS HELD TOGETHER BY CHEMICAL BONDS
10 terms
Chemistry
Chemistry
Volume
Mixture
Chemical Property
The study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
Amount of space occupied by an object
Two or more substances that are mixed together but not chemic…
a property of matter that describes a substance's ability to…
Chemistry
The study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
Volume
Amount of space occupied by an object
32 terms
chemistry
Beaker
Graduated cylinder
Erlenmeyer flask
Florence flask
like a cup, can be heated
measures volume
can be heated or stoppered
can be heated or stoppered
Beaker
like a cup, can be heated
Graduated cylinder
measures volume
30 terms
Chemistry
Safety Unit
Safety Practices
Corrosive Symbol
Flammable Symbol
...
Wear Goggles, Gloves, Aprons...
Safety Unit
...
Safety Practices
Wear Goggles, Gloves, Aprons...
Chemistry
element
matter
properties
chemical formula
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
anything that has mass and takes up space
characteristics used to describe an object
way of writing the name of a compound using chemical symbols
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Chemistry
Acid
Base
Neutral
Chemical change
has pH below 7
has pH above 7
pH of 7
Creates new substance, and new with different chemical proper…
Acid
has pH below 7
Base
has pH above 7
Chemistry
Conservation of Mass
Conservation of Energy
Density equation
Scientific Method
the principle stating that matter is not created or destroyed…
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
D=m/v
Conservation of Mass
the principle stating that matter is not created or destroyed…
Conservation of Energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
70 terms
Chemistry
atom
proton
neutron
electron
The basic particle from which all elements are made... Basic uni…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
Negatively charged particle that exists in a cloud formation…
atom
The basic particle from which all elements are made... Basic uni…
proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Chemistry
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has…
Atom
is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has…
Proton
chemistry
groups
periods
metals
non metals
*vertical columns on the periodic table ... *also known as famil…
horizontal rows
shiny, malleable, ductile, conduct electricity, produce heat
mostly gasses or liquids, poor conductors
groups
*vertical columns on the periodic table ... *also known as famil…
periods
horizontal rows
Chemistry
List two products derived from ethylene.
When writing chemical formulas: Enter…
Select all that apply.... All the elemen…
T/F... Chlorine will remove hydrogen from…
polystyrene plastic... acetic acid... ethylene glycol... lead tetreath…
from Group VII
require only one electron to complete their outer shell... have…
False
List two products derived from ethylene.
polystyrene plastic... acetic acid... ethylene glycol... lead tetreath…
When writing chemical formulas: Enter…
from Group VII
22 terms
Chemistry
Molecules
Density
atom
mixture
Incredibly small units of matter
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
smallest particle of an element with the qualities of that el…
Two or more substances that are mixed together but not chemic…
Molecules
Incredibly small units of matter
Density
The amount of mass contained in a sample divided by the volum…
Chemistry
Atom
Carbohydrate
Lipids
proteins
Smallest Unit of Matter
primary source for energy
long term energy storage
provide cell structure, speed up chemical reactions as enzymes
Atom
Smallest Unit of Matter
Carbohydrate
primary source for energy
30 terms
Chemistry
MATTER
MOLECULE
MASS
DENSITY
ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
GROUP OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS HELD TOGETHER BY CHEMICAL BONDS
AMOUNT OF MATTER IN AN OBJECT
AMOUNT OF MASS IN A GIVEN VOLUME
MATTER
ANYTHING THAT HAS MASS AND TAKES UP SPACE
MOLECULE
GROUP OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS HELD TOGETHER BY CHEMICAL BONDS
39 terms
Chemistry
Standard
Scientific
Thermal Energy (Eth)
Phase energy (Eph)
1300
1.3 x 10 ^ 3
Energy of motion. Hotter molecules move more rapidly than slo…
Energy due to attractions between molecules. Stronger the att…
Standard
1300
Scientific
1.3 x 10 ^ 3
4 of 10