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Study sets matching "chemistry2 gases"

19 terms
Chemistry Unit 2: Gases
Boyle's Law... (Equation)
Boyle's Law... (Graph)
Charles' Law... (Equation)
Charles' Law... (Graph)
Varies indirectly
Varies indirectly
Varies Directly
Varies Directly
Boyle's Law... (Equation)
Varies indirectly
Boyle's Law... (Graph)
Varies indirectly
22 terms
Chemistry: gases 2
definite volumes
incompressible (liquids)
fluidity
diffusion
will not expand, will take the shape of the container
liquids equalize pressure, particles are close together
the ability to flow, pours from contains to container
laquais particles have motion and randomly spread, but slower…
definite volumes
will not expand, will take the shape of the container
incompressible (liquids)
liquids equalize pressure, particles are close together
27 terms
Chemistry 2: Gases
What two scientists proposed a model t…
When did these two scientists propose…
What is the Kinetic-Molecular Theory?
What are the three assumptions of part…
Ludwig Boltzmann and James Maxwell
1860
It's a model that describes the behavior of matter in terms o…
Particle size... Particle motion... Particle energy
What two scientists proposed a model t…
Ludwig Boltzmann and James Maxwell
When did these two scientists propose…
1860
11 terms
unit 2 chemistry Gases
Pressure
Kelvin temperature
Mole
Boyle's law
force exerted due to collision of particles,units.
scale is based on an absolute scale where 0K is "absolute Zer…
unit to count very large numbers of very smalls particles lik…
pressure & volume of a gas are inversely related when tempera…
Pressure
force exerted due to collision of particles,units.
Kelvin temperature
scale is based on an absolute scale where 0K is "absolute Zer…
20 terms
Chemistry Unit 2: Gases
Boyle's Law
Pressure (Kpa), Volume (L), Temperatur…
Charles's Law
p1v1 = p2v2
Pressure and Volume: When pressure of a gas increases, the vo…
4 variables used to describe gases
Volume and Temperature: As the temperature of a gas increases…
Equation for Boyle's Law
Boyle's Law
Pressure and Volume: When pressure of a gas increases, the vo…
Pressure (Kpa), Volume (L), Temperatur…
4 variables used to describe gases
20 terms
General Chemistry 2: Gases
Gases assume the volume and shape of t…
Gases are the most compressible?
Gases will mix evenly and completely w…
Gases have much
containers
state of matter
confined to the same container
lower densities than liquids and solids
Gases assume the volume and shape of t…
containers
Gases are the most compressible?
state of matter
10 terms
Chemistry unit 2 Gases
What are the laws of an ideal gas?
Properties of gases?
Diffusion?
Effusion?
Hypothetical mode of perect gas behavior. ... 1. Particles thems…
Have mass take up space, no definite shape or volume, low den…
Tendency of molecules to move from an area of high concentrat…
Molecules of a gas in a container randomly pass through a tin…
What are the laws of an ideal gas?
Hypothetical mode of perect gas behavior. ... 1. Particles thems…
Properties of gases?
Have mass take up space, no definite shape or volume, low den…
19 terms
Section 2 IGCSE Chemistry Identification of gases and ions
test/result for solution with chloride…
test/result for solution with bromide…
test/result for solution with iodide i…
test/result for solution with sulfate…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> w…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> c…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> y…
add dilute hydrochloric acid and a few drops of barium chlori…
test/result for solution with chloride…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> w…
test/result for solution with bromide…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> c…
56 terms
MCAT Chemistry 2 Gases, Kinetics, plus equilibrium
the temperature is low
PT=PT
PV=PV
Vn=Vn
gases sink belwo gases when
Charles law
Boyles
Avergado
the temperature is low
gases sink belwo gases when
PT=PT
Charles law
13 terms
Chemistry Gases
pressure
newton
pascal
standard temperature and pressure
the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/a…
the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…
the SI unit of pressure; equal to the force of 1 N exerted ov…
for a gas, the temperature of 0 C and the pressure of 1.00 at…
pressure
the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/a…
newton
the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…
Chemistry Chapter 13 Gases
Boyle's law
Charles' law
absolute zero
Gay-Lussac's law
states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a con…
states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
zero on the Kelvin scale which represents the lowest possible…
states that the pressure of a fixed mass of gas varies direct…
Boyle's law
states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a con…
Charles' law
states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
24 terms
Chemistry - Ch#10 - Gases
Gas pressure
Vacuum
Atmospheric pressure
Barometer
A measure of the frequency and energy of molecules colliding…
A volume of space that does not contain gas molecules
The pressure exerted by molecules in the air, 1 atm
An instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure
Gas pressure
A measure of the frequency and energy of molecules colliding…
Vacuum
A volume of space that does not contain gas molecules
12 terms
Chemistry: Gases
Boyle's Law
Charle's Law
Combined Gas Law
Compressibility
the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a const…
the physical law that the volume of a fixed mass of gas held…
the relationship between the pressure, volume, and temperatur…
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
Boyle's Law
the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a const…
Charle's Law
the physical law that the volume of a fixed mass of gas held…
8 terms
Chemistry - Gases
Boyle's Law
Boyle's Law Equation
Charles's Law
Charles's Law Equation
-pressure and volume: they are inversely proportional (when t…
-temperature and volume: they are directly proportional (when…
Boyle's Law
-pressure and volume: they are inversely proportional (when t…
Boyle's Law Equation
18 terms
Chemistry Gases
Boiling Point
Gases have extremely ______ density
The faster gases move... the _________…
Gases move in a _______ line
When the vapor point is equal to the water
low
faster
straight
Boiling Point
When the vapor point is equal to the water
Gases have extremely ______ density
low
9 terms
Chemistry for Gases
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Standard Pressure
760 torr or 1 atm
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
17 terms
Chemistry Midterm 2.0- Gases
States of matter
Pressure
Boyle's law
Charles' law
Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container…
1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa
Empirical gas law #1, pressure and volume are inversely propo…
Empirical gas law #2, volume are temperature are proportionat…
States of matter
Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container…
Pressure
1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa
39 terms
Chemistry Test 2 (Gases and Solutions)
Solute
Solvent
Solution
Dissolution
the substance present in a smaller amount (what is being diss…
the substance present in a larger amount (what has something…
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
process in which a solution is formed by the reaction between…
Solute
the substance present in a smaller amount (what is being diss…
Solvent
the substance present in a larger amount (what has something…
22 terms
Chemistry: Unit 9 (Behavior of Gases) part 2
Temperature
Pressure
Volume
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Average kinetic energy
Measure of force applied by colliding molecules walls of its…
The amount of shape matter occupies
The theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms an…
Temperature
Average kinetic energy
Pressure
Measure of force applied by colliding molecules walls of its…
19 terms
Chemistry - Gases
Pressure is defined as the amount of...
solid to liquid
liquid to solid
liquid to gas
force per unit area
melting
freezing
vaporization
Pressure is defined as the amount of...
force per unit area
solid to liquid
melting
26 terms
Chemistry - Gases
Composition of air
Gas Properties
Pressure of a gas
Atmospheric pressure
78% N and 21% O, small percent of other gases
-Significantly different form solids and liquids... - Expand spo…
The amount of force exerted by the gas on a given area.... In a…
Molecules in Earth's atmosphere pulled down by gravity.... This…
Composition of air
78% N and 21% O, small percent of other gases
Gas Properties
-Significantly different form solids and liquids... - Expand spo…
428 terms
[CHEMISTRY]: Gases: Chemical Properties of Gases, [CHEMISTRY]: Chapter 2: Gases-- Kinetic Molecular Theory (KMT)
Look at:... Combustion of hydrocarbons: h…
How does the electron configuration af…
How do you know which element is more…
Which group is more reactive: group 6…
ok
The elements having ... a completely filled ... outermost orbit (or…
Generally, the elements become more reactive as you move down…
Group 7 because it is easier to gain one valence electron rat…
Look at:... Combustion of hydrocarbons: h…
ok
How does the electron configuration af…
The elements having ... a completely filled ... outermost orbit (or…
24 terms
Honors chemistry unit 2:Gases
What is matter composed of?
True or false:... Particles are destructi…
What kind of motion are particles in?
Particles move in ....... Until they c…
Particles
False: they are indestructible and invisible
Constant random motion
Straight lines
What is matter composed of?
Particles
True or false:... Particles are destructi…
False: they are indestructible and invisible
9 terms
LC Chemistry - Properties of Gases
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
Combined (General) Gas Law
Standard temperature and pressure (s.t…
At constant temperature, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is…
At constant pressure, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is di…
100,000 Pa and 273 K
Boyle's Law
At constant temperature, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is…
Charles' Law
At constant pressure, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is di…
19 terms
Section 2 IGCSE Chemistry Identification of gases and ions
test/result for solution with chloride…
test/result for solution with bromide…
test/result for solution with iodide i…
test/result for solution with sulfate…
add dilute nitric acid (HNO3) and a few drops of silver nitra…
add dilute nitric acid (HNO3) and a few drops of silver nitra…
add dilute nitric acid (HNO3) and a few drops of silver nitra…
add dilute hydrochloric acid (HCl) and a few drops of barium…
test/result for solution with chloride…
add dilute nitric acid (HNO3) and a few drops of silver nitra…
test/result for solution with bromide…
add dilute nitric acid (HNO3) and a few drops of silver nitra…
13 terms
IGCSE Chemistry Section 2 - Tests for Ions and gases
The Carbonate Ion
Chloride ions
Nitrate ions
Sulfate ions
Add dilute acid. Bubbles of Carbon Dioxide gas are produced.
Acidify with dilute nitric acid. Add aqueous silver nitrate.…
Add aqueous sodium hydroxide & aluminium foil. Heat gently. A…
Acidify. Add a Barium compound. A white ppt forms.
The Carbonate Ion
Add dilute acid. Bubbles of Carbon Dioxide gas are produced.
Chloride ions
Acidify with dilute nitric acid. Add aqueous silver nitrate.…
18 terms
Chemistry Ch. 2 Solids, Liquids, & Gases
gas
solid
water vapor
surface tension
particles are arranged in either a cystalline or an amorphous…
the state in which particles are least able to move
a colorless gas that cannot be seen
property of liquids that creates a skin over the surface of w…
gas
particles are arranged in either a cystalline or an amorphous…
solid
the state in which particles are least able to move
21 terms
Chemistry: Gases
Name properties of gases
List all 5 laws of Kinect Molecular Th…
Pressure formula
Barometer
Low density, confined to their container, the diffuse (moveme…
1) Gases consist of tiny particles ... - atoms OR molecules... - EX…
Force/Area
An instrument that measures the pressure of gas particles in…
Name properties of gases
Low density, confined to their container, the diffuse (moveme…
List all 5 laws of Kinect Molecular Th…
1) Gases consist of tiny particles ... - atoms OR molecules... - EX…
56 terms
MCAT Chemistry 2 Gases, Kinetics, plus equilibrium
the temperature is low
PT=PT
PV=PV
Vn=Vn
gases sink belwo gases when
Charles law
Boyles
Avergado
the temperature is low
gases sink belwo gases when
PT=PT
Charles law
16 terms
Chemistry: Gases
What is pressure?
1 atm =...
760 Torr =...
Kpa=...
collisions on the sides of a container/space the molecules in…
760 mmHg (mercury)
101.3 KPa
14.7 PSI
What is pressure?
collisions on the sides of a container/space the molecules in…
1 atm =...
760 mmHg (mercury)
19 terms
Section 2 IGCSE Chemistry Identification of gases and ions
test/result for solution with chloride…
test/result for solution with bromide…
test/result for solution with iodide i…
test/result for solution with sulfate…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> w…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> c…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> y…
add dilute hydrochloric acid and a few drops of barium chlori…
test/result for solution with chloride…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> w…
test/result for solution with bromide…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> c…
16 terms
Chemistry - Gases
magnesium + oxygen
sulphur + oxygen
carbon + oxygen
percentage of oxygen in air
white powder
poisonous colourless gas
colourless CO2
21
magnesium + oxygen
white powder
sulphur + oxygen
poisonous colourless gas
44 terms
Chemistry: Gases
shape of a gas
volume of a gas
do gases have masses?
are gases matter?
no definite shape
no definite volume
yes
yes
shape of a gas
no definite shape
volume of a gas
no definite volume
40 terms
Chemistry Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Graham's Law of Effusion
Pressure
Manometer
Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and r…
Lighter gas molecules move faster than heavy ones
Result of the force of collisions and the number of collision…
Device used to measure pressure (open-arm and closed-arm)
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and r…
Graham's Law of Effusion
Lighter gas molecules move faster than heavy ones
13 terms
chemistry | gases
volume + pressure
volume + temperature
pressure + temperature
boyle's law
inversely proportional
directly proportional
directly proportional
(P1)(V1) = (P2)(V2)
volume + pressure
inversely proportional
volume + temperature
directly proportional
15 terms
chemistry - gases
atm
inHg
cmHg
mmHg
1
29.9
76
760
atm
1
inHg
29.9
14 terms
Chemistry - Gases
Kinetic energy
Temperature
Pressure
Boiling point
½mv²... m = mass, v = velocity
Average kinetic energy in a molecule
f/a... f = force, a = area
When the vapor pressure of liquid is equal to or greater than…
Kinetic energy
½mv²... m = mass, v = velocity
Temperature
Average kinetic energy in a molecule
23 terms
Chemistry - Gases
Kinetic Theory
assumptions
movement of small particles vs. large…
1 atm = ? mm Hg
particles are always in constant random motion
1. Gases are composed of particles... 2. Particles move rapidly…
small particles move faster than large
760
Kinetic Theory
particles are always in constant random motion
assumptions
1. Gases are composed of particles... 2. Particles move rapidly…
8 terms
Chemistry: Gases
pressure units
STP
standard state conditions
Ideal Gas Law
1 atm = 760 torr = 760 mm Hg = 101, 325 Pa
T= 0° C, P = 1 atm used for gas law probs
T = 25° C, P = 1 atm used for measuring enthalpy, entropy Gib…
PV = nRT... Option 1: P = atm, V = L, R = 0.0821 L atm/mol K, n…
pressure units
1 atm = 760 torr = 760 mm Hg = 101, 325 Pa
STP
T= 0° C, P = 1 atm used for gas law probs
16 terms
Chemistry - Gases
Physical properties of gases
Boyle's Law
Ideal gas
Pressure
-gases always fill their containers... -gases are always compres…
As the pressure on a gas increases the volume of the gas decr…
Low pressure or moment and high temp for movement
Force per unit area
Physical properties of gases
-gases always fill their containers... -gases are always compres…
Boyle's Law
As the pressure on a gas increases the volume of the gas decr…
Chemistry- Gases
What happens to gas when it's compress…
Pressure
Presssure exerted by a column of fluid
Boyle's law
Decrease volume
force/area
P=hdg
the pressure of a fixed amount of gas is inversely proportion…
What happens to gas when it's compress…
Decrease volume
Pressure
force/area
17 terms
Chemistry: Unit 9 Gases
pressure
newton
pascal
STP
the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface (collisi…
the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…
the SI unit of pressure, equal to the force of 1 N exerted ov…
Standard Temperature and Pressure; equal to 273K (0°C) and 1…
pressure
the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface (collisi…
newton
the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…
22 terms
Chemistry Gases
1. Compressibility... 2. Indefinite shape…
The total force on a surface divided b…
Boyle's law
Charle's law
What are the properties of gases?
What is pressure?
States that the volume of a fixed mass of gas is inversely pr…
States that the volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly pro…
1. Compressibility... 2. Indefinite shape…
What are the properties of gases?
The total force on a surface divided b…
What is pressure?
12 terms
Chemistry Gases
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Carbon dioxide
O₂
N₂
H₂
CO₂
Oxygen
O₂
Nitrogen
N₂
40 terms
Chemistry Gases
Kinetic Energy
Ideal gas
Molecules or atoms
Farther in gaseous form than in liquid
Particles of matter are always in motion and that motion cons…
An imaginary gas that conforms perfectly to all of the assump…
Assumption 1. Gases consist of large number of particles, par…
In which form are the particles of gases farther apart?
Kinetic Energy
Particles of matter are always in motion and that motion cons…
Ideal gas
An imaginary gas that conforms perfectly to all of the assump…
8 terms
Chemistry gases
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
Methane
CH4
Ethane
C2H6
15 terms
Chemistry: Gases
Forms of Energy
Force Unit
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
-Chemical... -Electrical... -Mechanical... -Light... -Sound... -Heat... -Nuclear
Newtons (N)
Energy of Motion
Stored Energy
Forms of Energy
-Chemical... -Electrical... -Mechanical... -Light... -Sound... -Heat... -Nuclear
Force Unit
Newtons (N)
29 terms
Gases-Chemistry
kinetic theory
kinetic
assumption one
assumption two
All matter consists of tiny particles in constant motion
Greek- "to move"
gas consists of large numbers of molecules in continuous, ran…
The volume of gas particles is small compared to the total vo…
kinetic theory
All matter consists of tiny particles in constant motion
kinetic
Greek- "to move"
11 terms
Chemistry of Gases
Physical properties of gases
Atmospheric pressure
Barometer
Manometer
-expand... -compressible... -nonreacting gases form homogenous mixt…
Gases in the atmosphere exerting pressure on a certain surfac…
Measures atmospheric pressure in mmHg
Compares the pressure of a sample gas to the atmospheric pres…
Physical properties of gases
-expand... -compressible... -nonreacting gases form homogenous mixt…
Atmospheric pressure
Gases in the atmosphere exerting pressure on a certain surfac…
20 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2: Solids Liquids Gases
solid
liquid
surface tension
viscosity
a state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
a state of matter that does NOT have a definite shape but has…
the result of an inward pull of the molecules of a liquid tha…
a liquid's resistance to flowing
solid
a state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
liquid
a state of matter that does NOT have a definite shape but has…
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