# Study sets matching "chemistry2 gases"

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absolute zero

Boyle's law

Charles' law

combined gas law

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given amount gas is directly propo…

states the relationship among pressure, temperature and volume…

absolute zero

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

Avogadro's hypothesis

moles

standard pressure

standard temperature

If V1=V2, P1=P2, and T1=T2, then the number of particles = the…

Modern chemists used Avogadro's hypothesis to formulate the id…

1.00atm=101.3kPa=760.mmHg=760.Torr=14.7 lb/in² or psi

0°C=273K

Avogadro's hypothesis

If V1=V2, P1=P2, and T1=T2, then the number of particles = the…

moles

Modern chemists used Avogadro's hypothesis to formulate the id…

What are the three states of Matter?

What are the five properties of solids?

what are 4 properties of liquids?

What are 5 properties of gases

Solids... Liquids... Gases

Rigid... Cant be compressed... Particles vibrate in fixed position... F…

Cant be compressed... Particles glide over each other... Fixed volum…

Can be compressed... Large spaces between particles... No fixed shap…

What are the three states of Matter?

Solids... Liquids... Gases

What are the five properties of solids?

Rigid... Cant be compressed... Particles vibrate in fixed position... F…

pressure

newton

atmosphere of pressure

pascal

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

the pressure of Earth's atmosphere at sea level; equivalent to…

The SI unit of pressure

pressure

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

newton

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

Boyle's law

Charles' law

absolute zero

Gay-Lussac's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

zero on the Kelvin scale which represents the lowest possible…

states that the pressure of a fixed mass of gas varies directl…

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

Charles' law

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

pressure

newton

atmosphere of pressure

pascal

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

A unit of pressure

The SI unit of pressure

pressure

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

newton

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

absolute zero

Boyle's law

Charles' law

combined gas law

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given amount gas is directly propo…

states the relationship among pressure, temperature and volume…

absolute zero

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

States of matter

Pressure

Boyle's law

Charles' law

Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container;…

1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa

Empirical gas law #1, pressure and volume are inversely propor…

Empirical gas law #2, volume are temperature are proportionate…

States of matter

Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container;…

Pressure

1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa

Evangelista Torricelli, 1643

pressure

bad

gravity

Who invented the barometer and in what year?

one of the most obvious properties of a gas is that it exerts…

low pressure = ____ weather

air in the atmosphere is pulled toward the center of the earth…

Evangelista Torricelli, 1643

Who invented the barometer and in what year?

pressure

one of the most obvious properties of a gas is that it exerts…

anhydrous

hydroscopic

deliquescent

amorphous solid

what is a hydrated crystal that has had all the water removed…

what is a substance that has a strong attraction for water and…

what is a substance that is so hygroscopic it will hold enough…

what are solids without a crystal structure, but with a disorg…

anhydrous

what is a hydrated crystal that has had all the water removed…

hydroscopic

what is a substance that has a strong attraction for water and…

Boyle's law

Charles' law

Absolute zero

Kelvin temperature

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely prop…

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly propo…

The temperature at which all particle vibration stops. 0 Kelvi…

Temperature measured from absolute zero. Degrees K = degrees C…

Boyle's law

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely prop…

Charles' law

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly propo…

Kinetic molecular theory

5 characteristics of gases

formula for pressure

difference between effusion and diffusi…

1. gases consist of tiny particles... 2. The volume of the partic…

1. Expansion: gases have no definite shape or volume and take…

pressure = forces / area

effusion: the passing of gas through a tiny opening... diffusion:…

Kinetic molecular theory

1. gases consist of tiny particles... 2. The volume of the partic…

5 characteristics of gases

1. Expansion: gases have no definite shape or volume and take…

The energy an object has due to its mot…

The spontaneous mixing of the particles…

A process by which gas particles pass t…

A hypothetical gas that perfectly fits…

Kinetic Energy

Diffusion

Effusion

Ideal Gas

The energy an object has due to its mot…

Kinetic Energy

The spontaneous mixing of the particles…

Diffusion

Boiling

Evaporation

Vaporization

Condensation

Adding Thermal energy; Liquid to Gas (entire liquid must reach…

Adding Thermal energy; Liquid to Gas (only occurs on the surfa…

Liquid to a Gas; Boiling and Evaporation are two types

Removing Thermal energy; Gas changing to a liquid

Boiling

Adding Thermal energy; Liquid to Gas (entire liquid must reach…

Evaporation

Adding Thermal energy; Liquid to Gas (only occurs on the surfa…

ideal gases

Boyle's Law

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

___: represents a hypothetical gas whose molecules have no int…

___: states that for a given gaseous sample held at a constant…

What gas law states that as long as the temperature remains co…

___: states that at constant pressure, the quotient of the vol…

ideal gases

___: represents a hypothetical gas whose molecules have no int…

Boyle's Law

___: states that for a given gaseous sample held at a constant…

absolute zero

Boyle's law

Charles' law

combined gas law

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given amount gas is directly propo…

states the relationship among pressure, temperature and volume…

absolute zero

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

collisions of air molecules generate

the pressure exerted by a gas depends on

pressure

newton

pressure

volume, temperature, # of molecules present

force per unit area of a surface ... P= F/A

si unit for force... force that will increase the speed of a one…

collisions of air molecules generate

pressure

the pressure exerted by a gas depends on

volume, temperature, # of molecules present

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Graham's Law of Effusion

Pressure

Manometer

Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and re…

Lighter gas molecules move faster than heavy ones

Result of the force of collisions and the number of collisions…

Device used to measure pressure (open-arm and closed-arm)

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and re…

Graham's Law of Effusion

Lighter gas molecules move faster than heavy ones

KMT Laws

Graham's Law

Units of Pressure

STP

1. Gases are made up of tiny particles ... 2. Move very fast, col…

Lighter gases move faster

1atm=760mmHg=760torr=101.3kPa

0 degrees C 1 atm

KMT Laws

1. Gases are made up of tiny particles ... 2. Move very fast, col…

Graham's Law

Lighter gases move faster

definite volumes

incompressible (liquids)

fluidity

diffusion

will not expand, will take the shape of the container

liquids equalize pressure, particles are close together

the ability to flow, pours from contains to container

laquais particles have motion and randomly spread, but slower…

definite volumes

will not expand, will take the shape of the container

incompressible (liquids)

liquids equalize pressure, particles are close together

pressure

newton

pascal

standard temperature and pressure

the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/ar…

the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

the SI unit of pressure; equal to the force of 1 N exerted ove…

for a gas, the temperature of 0 C and the pressure of 1.00 atm…

pressure

the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/ar…

newton

the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

Boyle's Law

Charles' Law

Combined (General) Gas Law

Standard temperature and pressure (s.t.…

At constant temperature, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is…

At constant pressure, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is dir…

100,000 Pa and 273 K

Boyle's Law

At constant temperature, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is…

Charles' Law

At constant pressure, the volume of a fixed mass of gas is dir…