#### Study sets matching "chemistry2 gases"

#### Study sets matching "chemistry2 gases"

Avogadro's hypothesis

moles

standard pressure

standard temperature

If V1=V2, P1=P2, and T1=T2, then the number of particles = the…

Modern chemists used Avogadro's hypothesis to formulate the id…

1.00atm=101.3kPa=760.mmHg=760.Torr=14.7 lb/in² or psi

0°C=273K

Avogadro's hypothesis

If V1=V2, P1=P2, and T1=T2, then the number of particles = the…

moles

Modern chemists used Avogadro's hypothesis to formulate the id…

Boyle's Law... (Equation)

Boyle's Law... (Graph)

Charles' Law... (Equation)

Charles' Law... (Graph)

Varies indirectly

Varies indirectly

Varies Directly

Varies Directly

Boyle's Law... (Equation)

Varies indirectly

Boyle's Law... (Graph)

Varies indirectly

absolute zero

Boyle's law

Charles' law

combined gas law

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given amount gas is directly propo…

states the relationship among pressure, temperature and volume…

absolute zero

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

States of matter

Pressure

Boyle's law

Charles' law

Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container;…

1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa

Empirical gas law #1, pressure and volume are inversely propor…

Empirical gas law #2, volume are temperature are proportionate…

States of matter

Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container;…

Pressure

1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa

definite volumes

incompressible (liquids)

fluidity

diffusion

will not expand, will take the shape of the container

liquids equalize pressure, particles are close together

the ability to flow, pours from contains to container

laquais particles have motion and randomly spread, but slower…

definite volumes

will not expand, will take the shape of the container

incompressible (liquids)

liquids equalize pressure, particles are close together

Evangelista Torricelli, 1643

pressure

bad

gravity

Who invented the barometer and in what year?

one of the most obvious properties of a gas is that it exerts…

low pressure = ____ weather

air in the atmosphere is pulled toward the center of the earth…

Evangelista Torricelli, 1643

Who invented the barometer and in what year?

pressure

one of the most obvious properties of a gas is that it exerts…

Boyle's Law

Pressure (Kpa), Volume (L), Temperature…

Charles's Law

p1

**v1 = p2**v2Pressure and Volume: When pressure of a gas increases, the vol…

4 variables used to describe gases

Volume and Temperature: As the temperature of a gas increases,…

Equation for Boyle's Law

Boyle's Law

Pressure and Volume: When pressure of a gas increases, the vol…

Pressure (Kpa), Volume (L), Temperature…

4 variables used to describe gases

Gases assume the volume and shape of th…

Gases are the most compressible?

Gases will mix evenly and completely wh…

Gases have much

containers

state of matter

confined to the same container

lower densities than liquids and solids

Gases assume the volume and shape of th…

containers

Gases are the most compressible?

state of matter

What are the laws of an ideal gas?

Properties of gases?

Diffusion?

Effusion?

Hypothetical mode of perect gas behavior. ... 1. Particles themse…

Have mass take up space, no definite shape or volume, low dens…

Tendency of molecules to move from an area of high concentrati…

Molecules of a gas in a container randomly pass through a tiny…

What are the laws of an ideal gas?

Hypothetical mode of perect gas behavior. ... 1. Particles themse…

Properties of gases?

Have mass take up space, no definite shape or volume, low dens…

What is a catalyst?

What is the test for Oxygen?

What is the test for Carbon Dioxide?

What is the test for Hydrogen?

A substance that increases the rate of a reaction without bein…

It relights a glowing splint

It turns limewater cloudy

It burns with a squeaky pop

What is a catalyst?

A substance that increases the rate of a reaction without bein…

What is the test for Oxygen?

It relights a glowing splint

Pressure

Kelvin temperature

Mole

Boyle's law

force exerted due to collision of particles,units.

scale is based on an absolute scale where 0K is "absolute Zero…

unit to count very large numbers of very smalls particles like…

pressure & volume of a gas are inversely related when temperat…

Pressure

force exerted due to collision of particles,units.

Kelvin temperature

scale is based on an absolute scale where 0K is "absolute Zero…

What two scientists proposed a model to…

When did these two scientists propose t…

What is the Kinetic-Molecular Theory?

What are the three assumptions of parti…

Ludwig Boltzmann and James Maxwell

1860

It's a model that describes the behavior of matter in terms of…

Particle size... Particle motion... Particle energy

What two scientists proposed a model to…

Ludwig Boltzmann and James Maxwell

When did these two scientists propose t…

1860

Boyle's law

Charles' law

absolute zero

Gay-Lussac's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

zero on the Kelvin scale which represents the lowest possible…

states that the pressure of a fixed mass of gas varies directl…

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

Charles' law

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

test/result for solution with chloride…

test/result for solution with bromide i…

test/result for solution with iodide io…

test/result for solution with sulfate i…

add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> wh…

add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> cr…

add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> ye…

add dilute hydrochloric acid and a few drops of barium chlorid…

test/result for solution with chloride…

add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> wh…

test/result for solution with bromide i…

add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> cr…

pressure

newton

atmosphere of pressure

pascal

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

the pressure of Earth's atmosphere at sea level; equivalent to…

The SI unit of pressure

pressure

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

newton

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

Absolute Zero

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Pressure

Boyle's Law

The temperature at which all particular motion stops; 0 K

Theory that explains the behavior of gases at the molecular le…

Force exerted per unit area

The pressure of a given sample of a gas is inversely related t…

Absolute Zero

The temperature at which all particular motion stops; 0 K

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Theory that explains the behavior of gases at the molecular le…

absolute zero

Boyle's law

Charles' law

combined gas law

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given amount gas is directly propo…

states the relationship among pressure, temperature and volume…

absolute zero

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

KMT Laws

Graham's Law

Units of Pressure

STP

1. Gases are made up of tiny particles ... 2. Move very fast, col…

Lighter gases move faster

1atm=760mmHg=760torr=101.3kPa

0 degrees C 1 atm

KMT Laws

1. Gases are made up of tiny particles ... 2. Move very fast, col…

Graham's Law

Lighter gases move faster

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Combined Gas Law

Compressibility

the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a consta…

the physical law that the volume of a fixed mass of gas held a…

the relationship between the pressure, volume, and temperature…

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pre…

Boyle's Law

the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a consta…

Charle's Law

the physical law that the volume of a fixed mass of gas held a…

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Graham's Law of Effusion

Pressure

Manometer

Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and re…

Lighter gas molecules move faster than heavy ones

Result of the force of collisions and the number of collisions…

Device used to measure pressure (open-arm and closed-arm)

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and re…

Graham's Law of Effusion

Lighter gas molecules move faster than heavy ones

pressure

newton

pascal

standard temperature and pressure

the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/ar…

the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

the SI unit of pressure; equal to the force of 1 N exerted ove…

for a gas, the temperature of 0 C and the pressure of 1.00 atm…

pressure

the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/ar…

newton

the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

a _____ uniformly fills any container i…

dry air is _____ N2, ______ O2, ______…

as a gas, ______ occupies 1300x the spa…

__________ often measured in mm hg

gas; easily compressed; mixes

78.1%, 20.9%, .9%, .03%

water; STP

pressure

a _____ uniformly fills any container i…

gas; easily compressed; mixes

dry air is _____ N2, ______ O2, ______…

78.1%, 20.9%, .9%, .03%

Boiling Point

Gases have extremely ______ density

The faster gases move... the _________…

Gases move in a _______ line

When the vapor point is equal to the water

low

faster

straight

Boiling Point

When the vapor point is equal to the water

Gases have extremely ______ density

low