# Study sets matching "chemistry2 gases"

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absolute zero

Boyle's law

Charles' law

combined gas law

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given amount gas is directly propo…

states the relationship among pressure, temperature and volume…

absolute zero

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

pressure

newton

atmosphere of pressure

pascal

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

A unit of pressure

The SI unit of pressure

pressure

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

newton

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

Avogadro's hypothesis

moles

standard pressure

standard temperature

If V1=V2, P1=P2, and T1=T2, then the number of particles = the…

Modern chemists used Avogadro's hypothesis to formulate the id…

1.00atm=101.3kPa=760.mmHg=760.Torr=14.7 lb/in² or psi

0°C=273K

Avogadro's hypothesis

If V1=V2, P1=P2, and T1=T2, then the number of particles = the…

moles

Modern chemists used Avogadro's hypothesis to formulate the id…

characteristics of gases

pressure

pressure equivalencies

The higher the air pressure, the ______…

- can expand to fill their containers... - are highly compressibl…

the amount of force applied to an area (P=F/A)

1 atm ... = 760 mmHg... = 760 torr... = 101.3 kPa

higher

characteristics of gases

- can expand to fill their containers... - are highly compressibl…

pressure

the amount of force applied to an area (P=F/A)

pressure

newton

atmosphere of pressure

pascal

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

the pressure of Earth's atmosphere at sea level; equivalent to…

The SI unit of pressure

pressure

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

newton

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

How are the pressure and volume of a ga…

What is Boyle's Law?

What is the mathematical expression of…

How are the temperature and gas of a vo…

If the temperature is constant, as the pressure of a gas incre…

For a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume of…

P₁ x V₁ = P₂ x V₂

As the temperature of an enclosed gas increases, the volume in…

How are the pressure and volume of a ga…

If the temperature is constant, as the pressure of a gas incre…

What is Boyle's Law?

For a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume of…

Boyle's law

Charles' law

absolute zero

Gay-Lussac's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

zero on the Kelvin scale which represents the lowest possible…

states that the pressure of a fixed mass of gas varies directl…

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

Charles' law

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

Molar gas volume

Number of moles equals

Molecules in an ideal gas have-

Ideal gas equation

One mole of any gas ocupies 24dm3 at room temperature and pres…

Volume/molar has volume

-random motion ... -elastic collisions (no loss of kinetic energy…

PV=nRT... P=pressure(Pa) ... V=volume(m3)... n=amount of gas(mol) ... R=id…

Molar gas volume

One mole of any gas ocupies 24dm3 at room temperature and pres…

Number of moles equals

Volume/molar has volume

pressure

newton

atmosphere of pressure

pascal

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

the standard unit of pressure

The SI unit of pressure

pressure

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

newton

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

absolute zero

Boyle's law

Charles' law

combined gas law

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given amount gas is directly propo…

states the relationship among pressure, temperature and volume…

absolute zero

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

Define pressure and it's unit (4)

What affect's a fluid's pressure? (3)

Define Boyle's law

Define isothermal change

(1) The force per unit area... (2) Exerted normally... (3) On a su…

(1) Volume of the container... (2) Mass of the gas in volume... (3…

(1) Fixed mass of gas... (2) at constant temperature... (3) pV = c…

A change at constant temperature

Define pressure and it's unit (4)

(1) The force per unit area... (2) Exerted normally... (3) On a su…

What affect's a fluid's pressure? (3)

(1) Volume of the container... (2) Mass of the gas in volume... (3…

What are the three states of Matter?

What are the five properties of solids?

what are 4 properties of liquids?

What are 5 properties of gases

Solids... Liquids... Gases

Rigid... Cant be compressed... Particles vibrate in fixed position... F…

Cant be compressed... Particles glide over each other... Fixed volum…

Can be compressed... Large spaces between particles... No fixed shap…

What are the three states of Matter?

Solids... Liquids... Gases

What are the five properties of solids?

Rigid... Cant be compressed... Particles vibrate in fixed position... F…

Pressure

newton

barometer

millimeters of mercury

the force per unit area on a surface

the force that will increase the speed of a one-kilogram mass…

device used to measure atmospheric pressure

common unit of pressure symbolized mm Hg

Pressure

the force per unit area on a surface

newton

the force that will increase the speed of a one-kilogram mass…

States of matter

Pressure

Boyle's law

Charles' law

Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container;…

1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa

Empirical gas law #1, pressure and volume are inversely propor…

Empirical gas law #2, volume are temperature are proportionate…

States of matter

Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container;…

Pressure

1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa

anhydrous

hydroscopic

deliquescent

amorphous solid

what is a hydrated crystal that has had all the water removed…

what is a substance that has a strong attraction for water and…

what is a substance that is so hygroscopic it will hold enough…

what are solids without a crystal structure, but with a disorg…

anhydrous

what is a hydrated crystal that has had all the water removed…

hydroscopic

what is a substance that has a strong attraction for water and…

Evangelista Torricelli, 1643

pressure

bad

gravity

Who invented the barometer and in what year?

one of the most obvious properties of a gas is that it exerts…

low pressure = ____ weather

air in the atmosphere is pulled toward the center of the earth…

Evangelista Torricelli, 1643

Who invented the barometer and in what year?

pressure

one of the most obvious properties of a gas is that it exerts…

Boyle's law

Charles' law

Absolute zero

Kelvin temperature

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely prop…

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly propo…

The temperature at which all particle vibration stops. 0 Kelvi…

Temperature measured from absolute zero. Degrees K = degrees C…

Boyle's law

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely prop…

Charles' law

The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly propo…

absolute zero

Boyle's law

Charles' law

combined gas law

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given amount gas is directly propo…

states the relationship among pressure, temperature and volume…

absolute zero

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

KMT Laws

Graham's Law

Units of Pressure

STP

1. Gases are made up of tiny particles ... 2. Move very fast, col…

Lighter gases move faster

1atm=760mmHg=760torr=101.3kPa

0 degrees C 1 atm

KMT Laws

1. Gases are made up of tiny particles ... 2. Move very fast, col…

Graham's Law

Lighter gases move faster

pressure

newton

pascal

standard temperature and pressure

the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/ar…

the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

the SI unit of pressure; equal to the force of 1 N exerted ove…

for a gas, the temperature of 0 C and the pressure of 1.00 atm…

pressure

the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/ar…

newton

the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

Avogadro's law

Boyle's law

Charles' law

Dalton's law of partial pressures

At constant temperature and pressure, the number of atoms or m…

Law that states that at constant temperature for a fixed mass,…

At constant pressure, the temperature and volume of a gas are…

The total pressure of a mixture of gases is equal to the sum o…

Avogadro's law

At constant temperature and pressure, the number of atoms or m…

Boyle's law

Law that states that at constant temperature for a fixed mass,…

pressure

air pressure

comprehensible

fluid

The amount of force per unit area.

The result of gas particles colliding and being pulled toward…

Particles are able to be pushed together (decreasing volume)

Particles are able to flow.

pressure

The amount of force per unit area.

air pressure

The result of gas particles colliding and being pulled toward…

What is a gas?... State of matter, what pr…

Pressure(how does it affect gases)

Dalton's law of partial pressure

Combined Gas Law

No volume or definite shape... Properties: ... Pressure... Temperature…

Caused by collisions between the gas and container walls... (forc…

P(total)= P(a)+P(b)... different gases in a container add their p…

PV=nRT... only useful when gas is constant and non-changing

What is a gas?... State of matter, what pr…

No volume or definite shape... Properties: ... Pressure... Temperature…

Pressure(how does it affect gases)

Caused by collisions between the gas and container walls... (forc…

collisions of air molecules generate

the pressure exerted by a gas depends on

pressure

newton

pressure

volume, temperature, # of molecules present

force per unit area of a surface ... P= F/A

si unit for force... force that will increase the speed of a one…

collisions of air molecules generate

pressure

the pressure exerted by a gas depends on

volume, temperature, # of molecules present