Study sets matching "chemistry2 gases"

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Study sets matching "chemistry2 gases"

19 terms
Chemistry Unit 2: Gases
Boyle's Law... (Equation)
Boyle's Law... (Graph)
Charles' Law... (Equation)
Charles' Law... (Graph)
Varies indirectly
Varies indirectly
Varies Directly
Varies Directly
Boyle's Law... (Equation)
Varies indirectly
Boyle's Law... (Graph)
Varies indirectly
17 terms
Chemistry 2.0- Gases
States of matter
Pressure
Boyle's law
Charles' law
Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container…
1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa
Empirical gas law #1, pressure and volume are inversely propo…
Empirical gas law #2, volume are temperature are proportionat…
States of matter
Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container…
Pressure
1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa
Chemistry: gases 2
definite volumes
incompressible (liquids)
fluidity
diffusion
will not expand, will take the shape of the container
liquids equalize pressure, particles are close together
the ability to flow, pours from contains to container
laquais particles have motion and randomly spread, but slower…
definite volumes
will not expand, will take the shape of the container
incompressible (liquids)
liquids equalize pressure, particles are close together
Chemistry Gases 2
Boiling Temperature
what is absolute zero
room temperature
freezing point
212 f, 110 C
the theorized point in which all molecular motion stops
70-72 F and 20-23 C
32 F 0C
Boiling Temperature
212 f, 110 C
what is absolute zero
the theorized point in which all molecular motion stops
General Chemistry 2: Gases
Gases assume the volume and shape of t…
Gases are the most compressible?
Gases will mix evenly and completely w…
Gases have much
containers
state of matter
confined to the same container
lower densities than liquids and solids
Gases assume the volume and shape of t…
containers
Gases are the most compressible?
state of matter
10 terms
Chemistry unit 2 Gases
What are the laws of an ideal gas?
Properties of gases?
Diffusion?
Effusion?
Hypothetical mode of perect gas behavior. ... 1. Particles thems…
Have mass take up space, no definite shape or volume, low den…
Tendency of molecules to move from an area of high concentrat…
Molecules of a gas in a container randomly pass through a tin…
What are the laws of an ideal gas?
Hypothetical mode of perect gas behavior. ... 1. Particles thems…
Properties of gases?
Have mass take up space, no definite shape or volume, low den…
11 terms
unit 2 chemistry Gases
Pressure
Kelvin temperature
Mole
Boyle's law
force exerted due to collision of particles,units.
scale is based on an absolute scale where 0K is "absolute Zer…
unit to count very large numbers of very smalls particles lik…
pressure & volume of a gas are inversely related when tempera…
Pressure
force exerted due to collision of particles,units.
Kelvin temperature
scale is based on an absolute scale where 0K is "absolute Zer…
Chemistry 2: Gases
What two scientists proposed a model t…
When did these two scientists propose…
What is the Kinetic-Molecular Theory?
What are the three assumptions of part…
Ludwig Boltzmann and James Maxwell
1860
It's a model that describes the behavior of matter in terms o…
Particle size... Particle motion... Particle energy
What two scientists proposed a model t…
Ludwig Boltzmann and James Maxwell
When did these two scientists propose…
1860
20 terms
Chemistry Unit 2: Gases
Boyle's Law
Pressure (Kpa), Volume (L), Temperatur…
Charles's Law
p1v1 = p2v2
Pressure and Volume: When pressure of a gas increases, the vo…
4 variables used to describe gases
Volume and Temperature: As the temperature of a gas increases…
Equation for Boyle's Law
Boyle's Law
Pressure and Volume: When pressure of a gas increases, the vo…
Pressure (Kpa), Volume (L), Temperatur…
4 variables used to describe gases
19 terms
Section 2 IGCSE Chemistry Identification of gases and ions
test/result for solution with chloride…
test/result for solution with bromide…
test/result for solution with iodide i…
test/result for solution with sulfate…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> w…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> c…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> y…
add dilute hydrochloric acid and a few drops of barium chlori…
test/result for solution with chloride…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> w…
test/result for solution with bromide…
add dilute nitric acid and a few drops of silvernitrate --> c…
40 terms
Chemistry Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Graham's Law of Effusion
Pressure
Manometer
Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and r…
Lighter gas molecules move faster than heavy ones
Result of the force of collisions and the number of collision…
Device used to measure pressure (open-arm and closed-arm)
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and r…
Graham's Law of Effusion
Lighter gas molecules move faster than heavy ones
56 terms
MCAT Chemistry 2 Gases, Kinetics, plus equilibrium
the temperature is low
PT=PT
PV=PV
Vn=Vn
gases sink belwo gases when
Charles law
Boyles
Avergado
the temperature is low
gases sink belwo gases when
PT=PT
Charles law
Chemistry: Gases
Boyle's Law
Charle's Law
Combined Gas Law
Compressibility
the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a const…
the physical law that the volume of a fixed mass of gas held…
the relationship between the pressure, volume, and temperatur…
a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pr…
Boyle's Law
the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a const…
Charle's Law
the physical law that the volume of a fixed mass of gas held…
Chemistry Chapter 13 Gases
Boyle's law
Charles' law
absolute zero
Gay-Lussac's law
states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a con…
states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
zero on the Kelvin scale which represents the lowest possible…
states that the pressure of a fixed mass of gas varies direct…
Boyle's law
states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a con…
Charles' law
states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
18 terms
Chemistry Gases
Boiling Point
Gases have extremely ______ density
The faster gases move... the _________…
Gases move in a _______ line
When the vapor point is equal to the water
low
faster
straight
Boiling Point
When the vapor point is equal to the water
Gases have extremely ______ density
low
9 terms
Chemistry for Gases
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Standard Pressure
760 torr or 1 atm
Boyle's Law
Charles' Law
Gases 2
Boyle's law
Charles' law
Absolute zero
Kelvin temperature
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely pro…
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly prop…
The temperature at which all particle vibration stops. 0 Kelv…
Temperature measured from absolute zero. Degrees K = degrees…
Boyle's law
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is inversely pro…
Charles' law
The volume of a fixed amount of an ideal gas is directly prop…
22 terms
Chemistry: Unit 9 (Behavior of Gases) part 2
Temperature
Pressure
Volume
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Average kinetic energy
Measure of force applied by colliding molecules walls of its…
The amount of shape matter occupies
The theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms an…
Temperature
Average kinetic energy
Pressure
Measure of force applied by colliding molecules walls of its…
13 terms
Chemistry Gases
pressure
newton
pascal
standard temperature and pressure
the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/a…
the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…
the SI unit of pressure; equal to the force of 1 N exerted ov…
for a gas, the temperature of 0 C and the pressure of 1.00 at…
pressure
the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/a…
newton
the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…
Chemistry Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Pressure
Solid phase
Liquid phase
Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and r…
Result of the force of collisions and the number of collision…
Particles vibrate at fixed points; arranged in a pattern; def…
Travel in straight-line paths between collisions and vibrate…
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and r…
Pressure
Result of the force of collisions and the number of collision…
chemistry - gases
atm
inHg
cmHg
mmHg
1
29.9
76
760
atm
1
inHg
29.9
Chemistry- Gases
What happens to gas when it's compress…
Pressure
Presssure exerted by a column of fluid
Boyle's law
Decrease volume
force/area
P=hdg
the pressure of a fixed amount of gas is inversely proportion…
What happens to gas when it's compress…
Decrease volume
Pressure
force/area
Chemistry-gases
Charles law
Molar volume
Auogadros theory
Law of combining values
As the temperature increases the volume increases proportiona…
The space that a gas occupies at a specific temp and pessure
Equal values of gases at the same temp and pressure contain e…
When measured at the same temp and pressure volumes of gases…
Charles law
As the temperature increases the volume increases proportiona…
Molar volume
The space that a gas occupies at a specific temp and pessure
Chemistry: Gases
pressure units
STP
standard state conditions
Ideal Gas Law
1 atm = 760 torr = 760 mm Hg = 101, 325 Pa
T= 0° C, P = 1 atm used for gas law probs
T = 25° C, P = 1 atm used for measuring enthalpy, entropy Gib…
PV = nRT... Option 1: P = atm, V = L, R = 0.0821 L atm/mol K, n…
pressure units
1 atm = 760 torr = 760 mm Hg = 101, 325 Pa
STP
T= 0° C, P = 1 atm used for gas law probs
chemistry | gases
volume + pressure
volume + temperature
pressure + temperature
boyle's law
inversely proportional
directly proportional
directly proportional
(P1)(V1) = (P2)(V2)
volume + pressure
inversely proportional
volume + temperature
directly proportional
Chemistry Gases
Gas (properties)
Gas (measures)
Gas (kmt)
Gay-Lussac's Law
is that state of whose properties are described as having no…
is that state of matter whose measures are described as the l…
is that state of matter whose components are described as hav…
is a law of gas that compares the direct relationship between…
Gas (properties)
is that state of whose properties are described as having no…
Gas (measures)
is that state of matter whose measures are described as the l…
16 terms
Chemistry - Gases
Physical properties of gases
Boyle's Law
Ideal gas
Pressure
-gases always fill their containers... -gases are always compres…
As the pressure on a gas increases the volume of the gas decr…
Low pressure or moment and high temp for movement
Force per unit area
Physical properties of gases
-gases always fill their containers... -gases are always compres…
Boyle's Law
As the pressure on a gas increases the volume of the gas decr…
13 terms
IGCSE Chemistry Section 2 - Tests for Ions and gases
The Carbonate Ion
Chloride ions
Nitrate ions
Sulfate ions
Add dilute acid. Bubbles of Carbon Dioxide gas are produced.
Acidify with dilute nitric acid. Add aqueous silver nitrate.…
Add aqueous sodium hydroxide & aluminium foil. Heat gently. A…
Acidify. Add a Barium compound. A white ppt forms.
The Carbonate Ion
Add dilute acid. Bubbles of Carbon Dioxide gas are produced.
Chloride ions
Acidify with dilute nitric acid. Add aqueous silver nitrate.…
Honors chemistry unit 2:Gases
What is matter composed of?
True or false:... Particles are destructi…
What kind of motion are particles in?
Particles move in ....... Until they c…
Particles
False: they are indestructible and invisible
Constant random motion
Straight lines
What is matter composed of?
Particles
True or false:... Particles are destructi…
False: they are indestructible and invisible
22 terms
Chemistry Gases
1. Compressibility... 2. Indefinite shape…
The total force on a surface divided b…
Boyle's law
Charle's law
What are the properties of gases?
What is pressure?
States that the volume of a fixed mass of gas is inversely pr…
States that the volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly pro…
1. Compressibility... 2. Indefinite shape…
What are the properties of gases?
The total force on a surface divided b…
What is pressure?
8 terms
Chemistry gases
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
Methane
CH4
Ethane
C2H6
15 terms
Chemistry: Gases
Forms of Energy
Force Unit
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
-Chemical... -Electrical... -Mechanical... -Light... -Sound... -Heat... -Nuclear
Newtons (N)
Energy of Motion
Stored Energy
Forms of Energy
-Chemical... -Electrical... -Mechanical... -Light... -Sound... -Heat... -Nuclear
Force Unit
Newtons (N)
18 terms
Chemistry Ch. 2 Solids, Liquids, & Gases
gas
solid
water vapor
surface tension
particles are arranged in either a cystalline or an amorphous…
the state in which particles are least able to move
a colorless gas that cannot be seen
property of liquids that creates a skin over the surface of w…
gas
particles are arranged in either a cystalline or an amorphous…
solid
the state in which particles are least able to move
40 terms
Chemistry Gases
Kinetic Energy
Ideal gas
Molecules or atoms
Farther in gaseous form than in liquid
Particles of matter are always in motion and that motion cons…
An imaginary gas that conforms perfectly to all of the assump…
Assumption 1. Gases consist of large number of particles, par…
In which form are the particles of gases farther apart?
Kinetic Energy
Particles of matter are always in motion and that motion cons…
Ideal gas
An imaginary gas that conforms perfectly to all of the assump…
29 terms
Gases-Chemistry
kinetic theory
kinetic
assumption one
assumption two
All matter consists of tiny particles in constant motion
Greek- "to move"
gas consists of large numbers of molecules in continuous, ran…
The volume of gas particles is small compared to the total vo…
kinetic theory
All matter consists of tiny particles in constant motion
kinetic
Greek- "to move"
MCAT Chemistry 2 Gases, Kinetics, plus equilibrium
the temperature is low
PT=PT
PV=PV
Vn=Vn
gases sink belwo gases when
Charles law
Boyles
Avergado
the temperature is low
gases sink belwo gases when
PT=PT
Charles law
Chemistry - Gases
Describes gases as a large number of c…
Ideal Gas
Diffusion
Effusion
Kinetic-molecular theory
A theoretical gas composed of randomly, noninteracting point…
The spread of particles through random motion from regions of…
The movement of a gas through a small opening into a larger v…
Describes gases as a large number of c…
Kinetic-molecular theory
Ideal Gas
A theoretical gas composed of randomly, noninteracting point…
Chemistry of Gases
Physical properties of gases
Atmospheric pressure
Barometer
Manometer
-expand... -compressible... -nonreacting gases form homogenous mixt…
Gases in the atmosphere exerting pressure on a certain surfac…
Measures atmospheric pressure in mmHg
Compares the pressure of a sample gas to the atmospheric pres…
Physical properties of gases
-expand... -compressible... -nonreacting gases form homogenous mixt…
Atmospheric pressure
Gases in the atmosphere exerting pressure on a certain surfac…
GASES-- Chemistry
Kinetic Energy
Two basic properties of gases
the molecules in an ideal gas...
Kinetic molecular theory
the energy of moving things
no definite shape and no definite volume
...
energy may be transferred between colliding particles
Kinetic Energy
the energy of moving things
Two basic properties of gases
no definite shape and no definite volume
24 terms
Chemistry - Ch#10 - Gases
Gas pressure
Vacuum
Atmospheric pressure
Barometer
A measure of the frequency and energy of molecules colliding…
A volume of space that does not contain gas molecules
The pressure exerted by molecules in the air, 1 atm
An instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure
Gas pressure
A measure of the frequency and energy of molecules colliding…
Vacuum
A volume of space that does not contain gas molecules
16 terms
Chemistry: Gases
What is pressure?
1 atm =...
760 Torr =...
Kpa=...
collisions on the sides of a container/space the molecules in…
760 mmHg (mercury)
101.3 KPa
14.7 PSI
What is pressure?
collisions on the sides of a container/space the molecules in…
1 atm =...
760 mmHg (mercury)
15 terms
Chemistry Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases (KMT)
Pressure
Atmospheric pressure
Volume
-small particles move randomly with high velocities... -the attr…
the force per unit area on any flat surface of a container... at…
Pressure caused by the weight of the atmosphere. At sea level…
equals the size of the container, L, mL
Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases (KMT)
-small particles move randomly with high velocities... -the attr…
Pressure
the force per unit area on any flat surface of a container... at…
Chemistry Test 2 (Gases and Solutions)
Solute
Solvent
Solution
Dissolution
the substance present in a smaller amount (what is being diss…
the substance present in a larger amount (what has something…
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
process in which a solution is formed by the reaction between…
Solute
the substance present in a smaller amount (what is being diss…
Solvent
the substance present in a larger amount (what has something…
Chemistry Chapter 12: Gases
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Postulates of Kinetic Molecular Theory
Ideal Gas
Pressure
All matter is composed of particles that are constantly in mo…
Gases are fluids, particles undergo elastic collisions(no net…
One that follows the postulates of KMT
force/area
Kinetic Molecular Theory
All matter is composed of particles that are constantly in mo…
Postulates of Kinetic Molecular Theory
Gases are fluids, particles undergo elastic collisions(no net…
18 terms
Chemistry Gases
The ideal gas model assumes two things
Boyle's Law
Boyle's Law Equation
The law of Charles & Gay Lussac
1. The atoms/molecules do not occupy space; they are point ma…
Relation between pressure and gas volume for a fixed quantity…
P1V1 = P2V2
For a fixed quantity of gas at constant pressure, gaseous vol…
The ideal gas model assumes two things
1. The atoms/molecules do not occupy space; they are point ma…
Boyle's Law
Relation between pressure and gas volume for a fixed quantity…
52 terms
Gases-Chemistry
What particles are in motion?
What collisions are elastic?
When are gas particles moving with the…
four measurable quantities of a sample…
All (solid, liquid, gas)
the collisions of gases
when they are at the same temperature ... small particles move q…
temperature, volume, number of molecules, pressure
What particles are in motion?
All (solid, liquid, gas)
What collisions are elastic?
the collisions of gases
26 terms
Chemistry - Gases
Composition of air
Gas Properties
Pressure of a gas
Atmospheric pressure
78% N and 21% O, small percent of other gases
-Significantly different form solids and liquids... - Expand spo…
The amount of force exerted by the gas on a given area.... In a…
Molecules in Earth's atmosphere pulled down by gravity.... This…
Composition of air
78% N and 21% O, small percent of other gases
Gas Properties
-Significantly different form solids and liquids... - Expand spo…
44 terms
Chemistry: Gases
shape of a gas
volume of a gas
do gases have masses?
are gases matter?
no definite shape
no definite volume
yes
yes
shape of a gas
no definite shape
volume of a gas
no definite volume
30 terms
Chemistry Gases
What is used to calculate air pressure?
What is the conversion factor for atm,…
What is the conversion for Kelvins?
What is STP?
barometer
1.000 atm=760.0 torr=101.325 kPa
K= C + 273.15
standard temperature and pressure
What is used to calculate air pressure?
barometer
What is the conversion factor for atm,…
1.000 atm=760.0 torr=101.325 kPa
11 terms
Chemistry Chapter 13 Gases
scientific law
Boyle's law
absolute zero
Charles's law
describes a relationship in nature that is supported by many…
The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at constan…
scientific law
describes a relationship in nature that is supported by many…
Boyle's law
The relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas at…
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