# Study sets matching "chemistry2 gases"

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Avogadro's hypothesis

moles

standard pressure

standard temperature

If V1=V2, P1=P2, and T1=T2, then the number of particles = the…

Modern chemists used Avogadro's hypothesis to formulate the id…

1.00atm=101.3kPa=760.mmHg=760.Torr=14.7 lb/in² or psi

0°C=273K

Avogadro's hypothesis

If V1=V2, P1=P2, and T1=T2, then the number of particles = the…

moles

Modern chemists used Avogadro's hypothesis to formulate the id…

States of matter

Pressure

Boyle's law

Charles' law

Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container;…

1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa

Empirical gas law #1, pressure and volume are inversely propor…

Empirical gas law #2, volume are temperature are proportionate…

States of matter

Gas= easily compressible, expands to fill volume of container;…

Pressure

1 ATM= 1.013 bar= 760 torr= 101.325 kPa

absolute zero

Boyle's law

Charles' law

combined gas law

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given amount gas is directly propo…

states the relationship among pressure, temperature and volume…

absolute zero

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

Evangelista Torricelli, 1643

pressure

bad

gravity

Who invented the barometer and in what year?

one of the most obvious properties of a gas is that it exerts…

low pressure = ____ weather

air in the atmosphere is pulled toward the center of the earth…

Evangelista Torricelli, 1643

Who invented the barometer and in what year?

pressure

one of the most obvious properties of a gas is that it exerts…

The energy an object has due to its mot…

The spontaneous mixing of the particles…

A process by which gas particles pass t…

A hypothetical gas that perfectly fits…

Kinetic Energy

Diffusion

Effusion

Ideal Gas

The energy an object has due to its mot…

Kinetic Energy

The spontaneous mixing of the particles…

Diffusion

definite volumes

incompressible (liquids)

fluidity

diffusion

will not expand, will take the shape of the container

liquids equalize pressure, particles are close together

the ability to flow, pours from contains to container

laquais particles have motion and randomly spread, but slower…

definite volumes

will not expand, will take the shape of the container

incompressible (liquids)

liquids equalize pressure, particles are close together

What is a catalyst?

What is the test for Oxygen?

What is the test for Carbon Dioxide?

What is the test for Hydrogen?

A substance that increases the rate of a reaction without bein…

It relights a glowing splint

It turns limewater cloudy

It burns with a squeaky pop

What is a catalyst?

A substance that increases the rate of a reaction without bein…

What is the test for Oxygen?

It relights a glowing splint

Boyle's Law

Pressure (Kpa), Volume (L), Temperature…

Charles's Law

p1

**v1 = p2**v2Pressure and Volume: When pressure of a gas increases, the vol…

4 variables used to describe gases

Volume and Temperature: As the temperature of a gas increases,…

Equation for Boyle's Law

Boyle's Law

Pressure and Volume: When pressure of a gas increases, the vol…

Pressure (Kpa), Volume (L), Temperature…

4 variables used to describe gases

Pressure

Kelvin temperature

Mole

Boyle's law

force exerted due to collision of particles,units.

scale is based on an absolute scale where 0K is "absolute Zero…

unit to count very large numbers of very smalls particles like…

pressure & volume of a gas are inversely related when temperat…

Pressure

force exerted due to collision of particles,units.

Kelvin temperature

scale is based on an absolute scale where 0K is "absolute Zero…

What two scientists proposed a model to…

When did these two scientists propose t…

What is the Kinetic-Molecular Theory?

What are the three assumptions of parti…

Ludwig Boltzmann and James Maxwell

1860

It's a model that describes the behavior of matter in terms of…

Particle size... Particle motion... Particle energy

What two scientists proposed a model to…

Ludwig Boltzmann and James Maxwell

When did these two scientists propose t…

1860

Gases assume the volume and shape of th…

Gases are the most compressible?

Gases will mix evenly and completely wh…

Gases have much

containers

state of matter

confined to the same container

lower densities than liquids and solids

Gases assume the volume and shape of th…

containers

Gases are the most compressible?

state of matter

1) particles in constant motion... 2) gase…

1) translational energy - energy of mot…

Temperature of a gas is a measure of th…

Divide by 1000 (for example: 101,325 Pa…

Kinetic molecular theory holds that:

Molecules have many ways to store energy

What is the temperature of a gas?

How to convert from pascal to kilo pascal?

1) particles in constant motion... 2) gase…

Kinetic molecular theory holds that:

1) translational energy - energy of mot…

Molecules have many ways to store energy

anhydrous

hydroscopic

deliquescent

amorphous solid

what is a hydrated crystal that has had all the water removed…

what is a substance that has a strong attraction for water and…

what is a substance that is so hygroscopic it will hold enough…

what are solids without a crystal structure, but with a disorg…

anhydrous

what is a hydrated crystal that has had all the water removed…

hydroscopic

what is a substance that has a strong attraction for water and…

Absolute Zero

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Pressure

Boyle's Law

The temperature at which all particular motion stops; 0 K

Theory that explains the behavior of gases at the molecular le…

Force exerted per unit area

The pressure of a given sample of a gas is inversely related t…

Absolute Zero

The temperature at which all particular motion stops; 0 K

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Theory that explains the behavior of gases at the molecular le…

Boyle's law

Charles' law

absolute zero

Gay-Lussac's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

zero on the Kelvin scale which represents the lowest possible…

states that the pressure of a fixed mass of gas varies directl…

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

Charles' law

states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly prop…

ideal gases

Boyle's Law

Boyle's Law

Charles's Law

___: represents a hypothetical gas whose molecules have no int…

___: states that for a given gaseous sample held at a constant…

What gas law states that as long as the temperature remains co…

___: states that at constant pressure, the quotient of the vol…

ideal gases

___: represents a hypothetical gas whose molecules have no int…

Boyle's Law

___: states that for a given gaseous sample held at a constant…

absolute zero

Boyle's law

Charles' law

combined gas law

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

states that the volume of a given amount gas is directly propo…

states the relationship among pressure, temperature and volume…

absolute zero

the lowest possible theoretical temperature, 0K

Boyle's law

states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a cons…

pressure

newton

atmosphere of pressure

pascal

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

the pressure of Earth's atmosphere at sea level; equivalent to…

The SI unit of pressure

pressure

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

newton

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

KMT Laws

Graham's Law

Units of Pressure

STP

1. Gases are made up of tiny particles ... 2. Move very fast, col…

Lighter gases move faster

1atm=760mmHg=760torr=101.3kPa

0 degrees C 1 atm

KMT Laws

1. Gases are made up of tiny particles ... 2. Move very fast, col…

Graham's Law

Lighter gases move faster

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Graham's Law of Effusion

Pressure

Manometer

Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and re…

Lighter gas molecules move faster than heavy ones

Result of the force of collisions and the number of collisions…

Device used to measure pressure (open-arm and closed-arm)

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Gases consist of particles: explains IDEAL gas behavior and re…

Graham's Law of Effusion

Lighter gas molecules move faster than heavy ones

pressure

newton

pascal

standard temperature and pressure

the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/ar…

the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

the SI unit of pressure; equal to the force of 1 N exerted ove…

for a gas, the temperature of 0 C and the pressure of 1.00 atm…

pressure

the amount of force exerted per unit area of surface.... force/ar…

newton

the SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

Boyle's Law

Charle's Law

Combined Gas Law

Compressibility

the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a consta…

the physical law that the volume of a fixed mass of gas held a…

the relationship between the pressure, volume, and temperature…

a measure of how much the volume of matter decreases under pre…

Boyle's Law

the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a consta…

Charle's Law

the physical law that the volume of a fixed mass of gas held a…

pressure

newton

atmosphere of pressure

pascal

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…

A unit of pressure

The SI unit of pressure

pressure

The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface

newton

The SI unit for force; the force that will increase the speed…