Study sets matching "chemisty vocab chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "chemisty vocab chapter 7"

Chapter 7 Chemisty
concentration
dissolving
hydrogen bond
induced dipole
a quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution
the process of mixing a solute in a solvent
a strong dipole attraction between a slightly positive hydrog…
a dipole temporarily created in an otherwise non-polar molecu…
concentration
a quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution
dissolving
the process of mixing a solute in a solvent
Chemisty Chapter 7
binary compound
nomenclature
naming molecular compounds
salt
compounds composed of two different elements
cation then anion
-least electronegative element first
ionic compound composed of a cation and the anion from an acid
binary compound
compounds composed of two different elements
nomenclature
cation then anion
Chemisty chapter 7
Valence electrons
Electron dot structures
Octet rule
Ionic compound
Are the electrons in the higest occupied enegery level of an…
Are diagram that show valence electrons as dots
In forming compounds, atom tend to achieve the electron confi…
Compound composed of cations and anions
Valence electrons
Are the electrons in the higest occupied enegery level of an…
Electron dot structures
Are diagram that show valence electrons as dots
23 terms
Chapter 7 Chemisty
Ionic bond
Covalent Bond
Ionic Compound
Cation
Chemical bond resulting from the transfer of electrons from o…
Chemical bond resulting from the sharing of electrons between…
Compound of positive and negative ions combined so that the c…
Positive ion (Metals)
Ionic bond
Chemical bond resulting from the transfer of electrons from o…
Covalent Bond
Chemical bond resulting from the sharing of electrons between…
chemisty chapter 7
valence electrons
halide ion
ionic bond
the attraction of valence electrons fo…
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
an anion of chlorine or other halogen
the force of attraction binding oppositley charged ions togea…
mettalic bonds
valence electrons
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
halide ion
an anion of chlorine or other halogen
13 terms
AP Chemisty Chapter 7
wave length
frequency (v)
Speed of light
Max Planck
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
2.9979 x 10^8 m/s
introduced the idea of a quantum - small "packets" of energy
wave length
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
frequency (v)
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
55 terms
chapter 7 and 8 chemisty
valence electron
electron dot structure
octet rule
halide
outermost electron (highest occupied energy level)
diagram that shows valance electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
atoms tend to achieve the electron configuration of a noble g…
ions produced when atoms of chlorine and other halogens gain…
valence electron
outermost electron (highest occupied energy level)
electron dot structure
diagram that shows valance electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
28 terms
General Chemisty - Chapter 7
What determines the system and surroun…
Define an isolated system
Define a closed system
Define an open system
The point of observation determines the difference between th…
It is a system that cannot exchange energy (heat or work) or…
A system that cannot exchange matter with the surroundings bu…
It can exchange both matter and energy with the surroundings
What determines the system and surroun…
The point of observation determines the difference between th…
Define an isolated system
It is a system that cannot exchange energy (heat or work) or…
29 terms
Chapter 7 and 8 chemisty
Valence electrons
Ionization energy
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Electrons in the outermost principle energy level
Energy required to remove electrons from atoms to form ions
Bond between metal and non metal
Atoms held together by sharing electrons are joined.
Valence electrons
Electrons in the outermost principle energy level
Ionization energy
Energy required to remove electrons from atoms to form ions
14 terms
Chemisty Fun!! Chapter 7
Fun Facts about electron conductivity:
Electron current is carried through a…
Soluble salts will dissolve in water t…
Covalent compounds do not form ions so…
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Fun Facts about electron conductivity:
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Electron current is carried through a…
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Chemisty chapter 7 true/false
The crystal lattice of iconic compound…
The lattice energy is the energy requi…
The energy of an iconic compound is hi…
Large ions tend to produce a more nega…
True
True
False
False
The crystal lattice of iconic compound…
True
The lattice energy is the energy requi…
True
22 terms
chemisty chapter 7 common ions
Li+ (lose 1)
Na+ (lose 1)
K+ (lose 1)
Mg2+ (lose 2)
lithium ion
sodium ion
Potassium ion
magnesium ion
Li+ (lose 1)
lithium ion
Na+ (lose 1)
sodium ion
74 terms
MCAT General Chemisty Chapter 7 Thermochemistry
What is the first law of thermodynamics?
What is an isolated system? Given an e…
What is a closed system? Given an exam…
What is an open system, given an example
heat is never created nor destroyed, only transfered
When a system cannot exchange energy with the otuside environ…
A system that can exchange energy, but not matter with the su…
An open system is when there is a system that can transfer bo…
What is the first law of thermodynamics?
heat is never created nor destroyed, only transfered
What is an isolated system? Given an e…
When a system cannot exchange energy with the otuside environ…
37 terms
Honors Chemisty Chapter 7-9
valence electrons
1
2
1
the electrons in the highest occupied energy levels ex. 1a=1
charge on group 1a atoms
charge on group 2a atoms
charge on silver ions
valence electrons
the electrons in the highest occupied energy levels ex. 1a=1
1
charge on group 1a atoms
Chemisty Vocabulary Chapter 5-7
Amplitude
Atomic emission spectrum
Electromagnetic spectrum
Electromagnetic radiation
Height of a wave from its origin to a crest (curve).
Frequency wavelengths are given off by the atoms of an element
Contains all forms of electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy showing wavelike behavior as it goes through…
Amplitude
Height of a wave from its origin to a crest (curve).
Atomic emission spectrum
Frequency wavelengths are given off by the atoms of an element
Chemisty Chapter 7 Test Thursday
Sulfate
Carbonate
Chlorate
Nitrate
SO4*-2
CO3*-2
ClO3*-1
NO3*-1
Sulfate
SO4*-2
Carbonate
CO3*-2
Chapter 12 chemisty vocabulary words
Soluble
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Something that is able to be dissolved
Homo mixture of two or more substances that are disbursed eve…
What a solute dissolves (water)
Dissolves in a solvent example Kool-Aid
Soluble
Something that is able to be dissolved
Solution
Homo mixture of two or more substances that are disbursed eve…
Chemisty Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical equation
Precipitate
Coefficient
Word equation
Represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
A small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a…
An equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical…
Chemical equation
Represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
Precipitate
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
13 terms
Chemisty Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical equation
Precipitate
Coefficient
Word equation
Represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
A small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a…
An equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical…
Chemical equation
Represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
Precipitate
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
10 terms
Chemisty Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Boyle's Law
Combined Gas Law
Charles's Law
Constant
Gas pressure and gas volume are inversely proportional.
The law that shows how gas pressure, volume, and temperature…
Gas volume and gas temperature are directly proportional.
A fixed number in an equation
Boyle's Law
Gas pressure and gas volume are inversely proportional.
Combined Gas Law
The law that shows how gas pressure, volume, and temperature…
12 terms
Chapter 1 Chemisty Vocabulary
Chemistry
Conclusion
Control
Dependent Variable
The study of matter and changes it undergoes.
A judgement based on the information obtained
In an experiment, the standard that is used for comparing
In an experiment, the variable whose value depends on the ind…
Chemistry
The study of matter and changes it undergoes.
Conclusion
A judgement based on the information obtained
Chemisty Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical equation
Precipitate
Coefficient
Word equation
Represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
A small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a…
An equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical…
Chemical equation
Represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
Precipitate
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
Chemisty Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical equation
Precipitate
Coefficient
Word equation
Represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
A small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a…
An equation in which the reactants and products in a chemical…
Chemical equation
Represents, with symbols and formulas, the identities and rel…
Precipitate
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
13 terms
Chemisty chapter 4 vocabulary
Atom
Atomic mass
Atomic mass unit
Atomic number
The smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
The weighted average mass of the isotopes of that element.
One-twelfth the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
The number of protons in an atom.
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
Atomic mass
The weighted average mass of the isotopes of that element.
CHEMISTY CHAPTER 1 VOCABULARY!!
Pure Chemistry
Technology
Chemistry
Analytical Chemistry
The pursuit of chemical knowledge for its own sake.
The means by which a society provides its members with those…
The science concerned with the composition of matter and the…
Field of chemistry that is concerned with the composition of…
Pure Chemistry
The pursuit of chemical knowledge for its own sake.
Technology
The means by which a society provides its members with those…
22 terms
Chemisty Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Atom
Alpha Particle
Alpha Radiation
Atomic Mass
The smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
a positively charged particle emitted from certain radioactiv…
Radiation that is made up of alpha particles; is deflected to…
the weighted average mass of isotopes of an element, found be…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Alpha Particle
a positively charged particle emitted from certain radioactiv…
Chemisty Chapter 15 vocabulary
surface tension
surfactant
dissolution
aqueous solution
an inward force that tends to minimize the surface area of a…
any substance that interferes with the hydrogen bonding betwe…
the process by which one substance (the solute) dissolves in…
water that contains dissolved substances
surface tension
an inward force that tends to minimize the surface area of a…
surfactant
any substance that interferes with the hydrogen bonding betwe…
22 terms
chapter 4 chemisty vocabulary
atom
Daltons atomic theory
cathode ray
alpha paricle
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
all matter is composed fo extremely small particles called at…
a ray of radiation that originates from the cathode and trave…
used during alpha radiation, made up of two protons and two n…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Daltons atomic theory
all matter is composed fo extremely small particles called at…
22 terms
chapter 4 chemisty vocabulary
atom
Daltons atomic theory
cathode ray
alpha paricle
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
all matter is composed fo extremely small particles called at…
a ray of radiation that originates from the cathode and trave…
used during alpha radiation, made up of two protons and two n…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Daltons atomic theory
all matter is composed fo extremely small particles called at…
18 terms
Chemisty Chapter 7.1, 7.2, Chapter 8
ionic bond
octet rule
covalent bond
molecule
electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions (i.e…
atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons in order to acqu…
formed by a shared pair of electrons between atoms (double bo…
(is a covalent compound) two (2) or more atoms covalent bonde…
ionic bond
electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions (i.e…
octet rule
atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons in order to acqu…
12 terms
Chemisty chapter 4 vocabulary
Atom
Atomic mass
Atomic mass unit
Atomic number
The smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
The weighted average mass of the atom of that element.
One-twelfth the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
The number of protons in an atom.
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
Atomic mass
The weighted average mass of the atom of that element.
51 terms
Chemisty vocabulary chapter 20 (except for 20.7)
Law of conservation of mass-energy
Einstein equation
Nuclear binding energy
Mass defect
In a chemical reaction, the total mass of the reactants is eq…
It describes the fundamental interaction of gravitation as a…
The amount of energy needed to break up a nucleus into its co…
The difference between the mass of an atom and the sum of the…
Law of conservation of mass-energy
In a chemical reaction, the total mass of the reactants is eq…
Einstein equation
It describes the fundamental interaction of gravitation as a…
chemisty chapter 6-7 terms
product
decomposition reaction
acid based reactions
precipitant
a new substance formed in a chemical reaction
a reaction in which a single substance is broken down into si…
a reaction in which the hydrogen ion and hydroxide reacts to…
the solid that forms from double replacement reactions
product
a new substance formed in a chemical reaction
decomposition reaction
a reaction in which a single substance is broken down into si…
17 terms
Chemisty Chapter 9 Unit 1 Vocabulary
chemical reaction
reactants
products
chemical equation
the process by which the atoms of one or more substances are…
the starting substances
the substances formed during the reaction
a statement that uses chemical formulas to show the identitie…
chemical reaction
the process by which the atoms of one or more substances are…
reactants
the starting substances
Chemisty Chapters 7-9 Test
ionic compound
cations
anions
ionic bonding
compound composed entirely of ions
positively charged ions- METALS
negatively charged ions- NONMetals
metal with a non metal or polyatomic ion
ionic compound
compound composed entirely of ions
cations
positively charged ions- METALS
25 terms
Chemisty Chapter 1 and 2 Vocabulary
matter
mass
substance
physical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of matter an object contains
matter that has a uniform and definite composition
a quality or condition of a substance that can be observed or…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
the amount of matter an object contains
Chemisty Trimester 1 Exam Chapters 1-7
chemistry
pure chemistry
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
study of the chemistry of matter and the changes it undergoes
the pursuit of chemistry knowledge for its own sake
study of essentially all chemicals that contain carbon
study of essentially all chemicals that do not contains carbon
chemistry
study of the chemistry of matter and the changes it undergoes
pure chemistry
the pursuit of chemistry knowledge for its own sake
18 terms
chemisty
the mass of a molecule is found by
for any molecule, formula unit, or ion…
what is the correct formula mass for z…
one mole of potassium atoms has a mass…
adding the masses of all the atoms
formula mass
99.41 g
39.10 g
the mass of a molecule is found by
adding the masses of all the atoms
for any molecule, formula unit, or ion…
formula mass
Modern Chemistry Chapter 7 Vocabulary
monatomic ion
binary compound
nomenclature
oxyanion
an ion formed from a single atom
a compound composed of two different elements
a naming system
a polyatomic ion that contains oxygen
monatomic ion
an ion formed from a single atom
binary compound
a compound composed of two different elements
25 terms
Chapter 7
Waves
-Electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic waves
Amplitude
-radiation carries energy through space by this... -moves outwar…
-electric charge that creates an escalating/outward moving el…
-oscalating electric field+ oscalating magnetic field... -has an…
-intensity of wave... -varies with time and distance as the wave…
Waves
-radiation carries energy through space by this... -moves outwar…
-Electromagnetic radiation
-electric charge that creates an escalating/outward moving el…
Chapter 5 Vocab Chemisty
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
form of energy that exhibits wave-like behavior as it travels…
wavelength shortest distance between equivalent points on a c…
frequency number of waves that pass a given point in one seco…
the wave's height from the origin to a crest or from the orig…
electromagnetic radiation
form of energy that exhibits wave-like behavior as it travels…
wavelength
wavelength shortest distance between equivalent points on a c…
36 terms
Chapter 7
Valence Elections
Electron Dot Structures
Octet Rule
Halide Ions
Electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an elements…
Are diagrams that show valence electron as dots
Atoms react by gaining or losing electron so as to acquire th…
A negative ion formed when a halogen atom gains an electron.
Valence Elections
Electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an elements…
Electron Dot Structures
Are diagrams that show valence electron as dots
Chapter 7 Chemical Kinetics
Expressing Reaction Rates
Reaction Rate
Average rate
Collision Theory
average rate of an action or process to be the change in a gi…
the change in concentration of a reactant or product per unit…
∆quantity/∆t
atoms, ions, and molecules must collide with each other in or…
Expressing Reaction Rates
average rate of an action or process to be the change in a gi…
Reaction Rate
the change in concentration of a reactant or product per unit…
27 terms
Chapter 7
precipitation reaction
precipitation reaction
precipitate
acid-base reaction
the formation of a solid
(aq)+(aq) → (s)+(aq) ... is an example of a...
the solid that forms in a precipitation reaction
when the acid reacts with the base it creates H2O (l)
precipitation reaction
the formation of a solid
precipitation reaction
(aq)+(aq) → (s)+(aq) ... is an example of a...
12 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7
Chemical bond
Cation
Anion
Ionic bond
The force that holds two atoms together
An ion that has a positive charge
An ion that has a negative charge
The electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particl…
Chemical bond
The force that holds two atoms together
Cation
An ion that has a positive charge
11 terms
Ch 7 Chemistry (Pearson )
valence electrons
electron dot structures
octet rule
halide ions
electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an element'…
diagrams that show valence electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
in forming compounds, atoms tend to achieve the electron conf…
ions produced when atoms of chlorine and other halogens gain…
valence electrons
electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an element'…
electron dot structures
diagrams that show valence electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
Chemisty
Periodic law
Metal
Nonmetal
Metalloid
When the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
One of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
An element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
An element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
Periodic law
When the elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic…
Metal
One of a class of elements that are good conductors of heat a…
11 terms
Chapter 7 chemistry vocab
Valance electrons
Electron dot structure
Octet rule
Halide ions
An electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
A notation that depicts valance electrons as dots around the…
Atoms react by gaining or losing so as to acquire the stable…
A negative ion formed when a halogen atom gains an electron
Valance electrons
An electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
Electron dot structure
A notation that depicts valance electrons as dots around the…
8 terms
chapter 7
Mole ratio
stoichiometric
Limiting reactants
Excess reactant
a conversion factor made with the models of two different che…
when you have exactly the amounts of reactants to react compl…
the reactant that can produce the least amount of product or…
the reactants that are leftover after the limiting reactant i…
Mole ratio
a conversion factor made with the models of two different che…
stoichiometric
when you have exactly the amounts of reactants to react compl…
46 terms
BC: Chapter 7
Covalent sequence of amino acid residu…
Regular, periodic, repeating, recurrin…
spatial relationship between amino aci…
the spatial relationship between diffe…
primary
secondary
tertiary
quaternary (not every protein gets to this level ) (gives the…
Covalent sequence of amino acid residu…
primary
Regular, periodic, repeating, recurrin…
secondary
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