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Study sets matching "chemisty vocab chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "chemisty vocab chapter 7"

14 terms
Chapter 7 Chemisty
concentration
dissolving
hydrogen bond
induced dipole
a quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution
the process of mixing a solute in a solvent
a strong dipole attraction between a slightly positive hydrog…
a dipole temporarily created in an otherwise non-polar molecu…
concentration
a quantitative measure of the amount of solute in a solution
dissolving
the process of mixing a solute in a solvent
Chemisty chapter 7
Valence electrons
Electron dot structures
Octet rule
Ionic compound
Are the electrons in the higest occupied enegery level of an…
Are diagram that show valence electrons as dots
In forming compounds, atom tend to achieve the electron confi…
Compound composed of cations and anions
Valence electrons
Are the electrons in the higest occupied enegery level of an…
Electron dot structures
Are diagram that show valence electrons as dots
23 terms
Chapter 7 Chemisty
Ionic bond
Covalent Bond
Ionic Compound
Cation
Chemical bond resulting from the transfer of electrons from o…
Chemical bond resulting from the sharing of electrons between…
Compound of positive and negative ions combined so that the c…
Positive ion (Metals)
Ionic bond
Chemical bond resulting from the transfer of electrons from o…
Covalent Bond
Chemical bond resulting from the sharing of electrons between…
12 terms
chemisty chapter 7
valence electrons
halide ion
ionic bond
the attraction of valence electrons fo…
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
an anion of chlorine or other halogen
the force of attraction binding oppositley charged ions togea…
mettalic bonds
valence electrons
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
halide ion
an anion of chlorine or other halogen
13 terms
AP Chemisty Chapter 7
wave length
frequency (v)
Speed of light
Max Planck
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
2.9979 x 10^8 m/s
introduced the idea of a quantum - small "packets" of energy
wave length
the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in a wave
frequency (v)
the number of waves (cycles) per second that pass a given poi…
55 terms
chapter 7 and 8 chemisty
valence electron
electron dot structure
octet rule
halide
outermost electron (highest occupied energy level)
diagram that shows valance electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
atoms tend to achieve the electron configuration of a noble g…
ions produced when atoms of chlorine and other halogens gain…
valence electron
outermost electron (highest occupied energy level)
electron dot structure
diagram that shows valance electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
29 terms
Chapter 7 and 8 chemisty
Valence electrons
Ionization energy
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Electrons in the outermost principle energy level
Energy required to remove electrons from atoms to form ions
Bond between metal and non metal
Atoms held together by sharing electrons are joined.
Valence electrons
Electrons in the outermost principle energy level
Ionization energy
Energy required to remove electrons from atoms to form ions
14 terms
Chemisty Fun!! Chapter 7
Fun Facts about electron conductivity:
Electron current is carried through a…
Soluble salts will dissolve in water t…
Covalent compounds do not form ions so…
!
!
!
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Fun Facts about electron conductivity:
!
Electron current is carried through a…
!
50 terms
Chemisty Vocabulary Chapter 5-7
Amplitude
Atomic emission spectrum
Electromagnetic spectrum
Electromagnetic radiation
Height of a wave from its origin to a crest (curve).
Frequency wavelengths are given off by the atoms of an element
Contains all forms of electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy showing wavelike behavior as it goes through…
Amplitude
Height of a wave from its origin to a crest (curve).
Atomic emission spectrum
Frequency wavelengths are given off by the atoms of an element
74 terms
MCAT General Chemisty Chapter 7 Thermochemistry
What is the first law of thermodynamics?
What is an isolated system? Given an e…
What is a closed system? Given an exam…
What is an open system, given an example
heat is never created nor destroyed, only transfered
When a system cannot exchange energy with the otuside environ…
A system that can exchange energy, but not matter with the su…
An open system is when there is a system that can transfer bo…
What is the first law of thermodynamics?
heat is never created nor destroyed, only transfered
What is an isolated system? Given an e…
When a system cannot exchange energy with the otuside environ…
37 terms
Honors Chemisty Chapter 7-9
valence electrons
1
2
1
the electrons in the highest occupied energy levels ex. 1a=1
charge on group 1a atoms
charge on group 2a atoms
charge on silver ions
valence electrons
the electrons in the highest occupied energy levels ex. 1a=1
1
charge on group 1a atoms
37 terms
Chemisty Chapter 7 Test Thursday
Sulfate
Carbonate
Chlorate
Nitrate
SO4*-2
CO3*-2
ClO3*-1
NO3*-1
Sulfate
SO4*-2
Carbonate
CO3*-2
23 terms
Chapter 12 chemisty vocabulary words
Soluble
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Something that is able to be dissolved
Homo mixture of two or more substances that are disbursed eve…
What a solute dissolves (water)
Dissolves in a solvent example Kool-Aid
Soluble
Something that is able to be dissolved
Solution
Homo mixture of two or more substances that are disbursed eve…
10 terms
Chemisty Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Boyle's Law
Combined Gas Law
Charles's Law
Constant
Gas pressure and gas volume are inversely proportional.
The law that shows how gas pressure, volume, and temperature…
Gas volume and gas temperature are directly proportional.
A fixed number in an equation
Boyle's Law
Gas pressure and gas volume are inversely proportional.
Combined Gas Law
The law that shows how gas pressure, volume, and temperature…
12 terms
Chapter 1 Chemisty Vocabulary
Chemistry
Conclusion
Control
Dependent Variable
The study of matter and changes it undergoes.
A judgement based on the information obtained
In an experiment, the standard that is used for comparing
In an experiment, the variable whose value depends on the ind…
Chemistry
The study of matter and changes it undergoes.
Conclusion
A judgement based on the information obtained
13 terms
Chemisty chapter 4 vocabulary
Atom
Atomic mass
Atomic mass unit
Atomic number
The smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
The weighted average mass of the isotopes of that element.
One-twelfth the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
The number of protons in an atom.
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
Atomic mass
The weighted average mass of the isotopes of that element.
12 terms
Chemisty chapter 4 vocabulary
Atom
Atomic mass
Atomic mass unit
Atomic number
The smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
The weighted average mass of the atom of that element.
One-twelfth the mass of a carbon-12 atom.
The number of protons in an atom.
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
Atomic mass
The weighted average mass of the atom of that element.
15 terms
CHEMISTY CHAPTER 1 VOCABULARY!!
Pure Chemistry
Technology
Chemistry
Analytical Chemistry
The pursuit of chemical knowledge for its own sake.
The means by which a society provides its members with those…
The science concerned with the composition of matter and the…
Field of chemistry that is concerned with the composition of…
Pure Chemistry
The pursuit of chemical knowledge for its own sake.
Technology
The means by which a society provides its members with those…
23 terms
Chemisty Chapter 15 vocabulary
surface tension
surfactant
dissolution
aqueous solution
an inward force that tends to minimize the surface area of a…
any substance that interferes with the hydrogen bonding betwe…
the process by which one substance (the solute) dissolves in…
water that contains dissolved substances
surface tension
an inward force that tends to minimize the surface area of a…
surfactant
any substance that interferes with the hydrogen bonding betwe…
22 terms
chapter 4 chemisty vocabulary
atom
Daltons atomic theory
cathode ray
alpha paricle
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
all matter is composed fo extremely small particles called at…
a ray of radiation that originates from the cathode and trave…
used during alpha radiation, made up of two protons and two n…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Daltons atomic theory
all matter is composed fo extremely small particles called at…
51 terms
Chemisty vocabulary chapter 20 (except for 20.7)
Law of conservation of mass-energy
Einstein equation
Nuclear binding energy
Mass defect
In a chemical reaction, the total mass of the reactants is eq…
It describes the fundamental interaction of gravitation as a…
The amount of energy needed to break up a nucleus into its co…
The difference between the mass of an atom and the sum of the…
Law of conservation of mass-energy
In a chemical reaction, the total mass of the reactants is eq…
Einstein equation
It describes the fundamental interaction of gravitation as a…
22 terms
Chemisty Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Atom
Alpha Particle
Alpha Radiation
Atomic Mass
The smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
a positively charged particle emitted from certain radioactiv…
Radiation that is made up of alpha particles; is deflected to…
the weighted average mass of isotopes of an element, found be…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Alpha Particle
a positively charged particle emitted from certain radioactiv…
22 terms
chapter 4 chemisty vocabulary
atom
Daltons atomic theory
cathode ray
alpha paricle
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
all matter is composed fo extremely small particles called at…
a ray of radiation that originates from the cathode and trave…
used during alpha radiation, made up of two protons and two n…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Daltons atomic theory
all matter is composed fo extremely small particles called at…
18 terms
Chemisty Chapter 7.1, 7.2, Chapter 8
ionic bond
octet rule
covalent bond
molecule
electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions (i.e…
atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons in order to acqu…
formed by a shared pair of electrons between atoms (double bo…
(is a covalent compound) two (2) or more atoms covalent bonde…
ionic bond
electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions (i.e…
octet rule
atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons in order to acqu…
19 terms
Chemisty Chapters 6 and 7
chemical bond
Why do atoms bond?
The way electrons are distributed dete…
ionic bonding
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Because most atoms are less-stable by themselves and want to…
bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
chemical bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Why do atoms bond?
Because most atoms are less-stable by themselves and want to…
17 terms
chemisty chapter 6-7 terms
product
decomposition reaction
acid based reactions
precipitant
a new substance formed in a chemical reaction
a reaction in which a single substance is broken down into si…
a reaction in which the hydrogen ion and hydroxide reacts to…
the solid that forms from double replacement reactions
product
a new substance formed in a chemical reaction
decomposition reaction
a reaction in which a single substance is broken down into si…
34 terms
Chemisty Chapters 7-9 Test
ionic compound
cations
anions
ionic bonding
compound composed entirely of ions
positively charged ions- METALS
negatively charged ions- NONMetals
metal with a non metal or polyatomic ion
ionic compound
compound composed entirely of ions
cations
positively charged ions- METALS
25 terms
Chemisty Chapter 1 and 2 Vocabulary
matter
mass
substance
physical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of matter an object contains
matter that has a uniform and definite composition
a quality or condition of a substance that can be observed or…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
the amount of matter an object contains
17 terms
Chemisty Chapter 9 Unit 1 Vocabulary
chemical reaction
reactants
products
chemical equation
the process by which the atoms of one or more substances are…
the starting substances
the substances formed during the reaction
a statement that uses chemical formulas to show the identitie…
chemical reaction
the process by which the atoms of one or more substances are…
reactants
the starting substances
130 terms
Chemisty Trimester 1 Exam Chapters 1-7
chemistry
pure chemistry
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
study of the chemistry of matter and the changes it undergoes
the pursuit of chemistry knowledge for its own sake
study of essentially all chemicals that contain carbon
study of essentially all chemicals that do not contains carbon
chemistry
study of the chemistry of matter and the changes it undergoes
pure chemistry
the pursuit of chemistry knowledge for its own sake
25 terms
Chapter 7
Waves
-Electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic waves
Amplitude
-radiation carries energy through space by this... -moves outwar…
-electric charge that creates an escalating/outward moving el…
-oscalating electric field+ oscalating magnetic field... -has an…
-intensity of wave... -varies with time and distance as the wave…
Waves
-radiation carries energy through space by this... -moves outwar…
-Electromagnetic radiation
-electric charge that creates an escalating/outward moving el…
10 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 7 Vocabulary
monatomic ion
binary compound
nomenclature
oxyanion
an ion formed from a single atom
a compound composed of two different elements
a naming system
a polyatomic ion that contains oxygen
monatomic ion
an ion formed from a single atom
binary compound
a compound composed of two different elements
75 terms
Chapter 7 Alkyl Halides and Nucleophilic Substitution
What is an alkyl group?
What are alkyl halides?
How do we classify alkyl halides?
What are vinyl hallides and aryl halid…
It's an alkane with a missing hydrogen. A piece of a molecule…
Organic molecules containing a halogen atom X bonded to an sp…
Primary, secondary, or tertiary.
Vinyl halides have a halogen atom bonded to a carbon-carbon d…
What is an alkyl group?
It's an alkane with a missing hydrogen. A piece of a molecule…
What are alkyl halides?
Organic molecules containing a halogen atom X bonded to an sp…
22 terms
Chapter 7 Terms
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
Heat
Bond dissociation energy
stored energy
The energy of an object in motion.
A measure of the transfer of thermal energy.
The amount of energy that must be supplied to break a bond an…
Potential energy
stored energy
Kinetic energy
The energy of an object in motion.
32 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 7
monatomic ion
binary compounds
nomenclature
oxyanions
an ion formed from a single atom. (remember to change nonmeta…
compounds composed of two different elements; (compounds of 2…
naming system
polyatomic ions that contain oxygen
monatomic ion
an ion formed from a single atom. (remember to change nonmeta…
binary compounds
compounds composed of two different elements; (compounds of 2…
17 terms
Chapter 7 Chemical Kinetics
Expressing Reaction Rates
Reaction Rate
Average rate
Collision Theory
average rate of an action or process to be the change in a gi…
the change in concentration of a reactant or product per unit…
∆quantity/∆t
atoms, ions, and molecules must collide with each other in or…
Expressing Reaction Rates
average rate of an action or process to be the change in a gi…
Reaction Rate
the change in concentration of a reactant or product per unit…
27 terms
Chapter 7
precipitation reaction
precipitation reaction
precipitate
acid-base reaction
the formation of a solid
(aq)+(aq) → (s)+(aq) ... is an example of a...
the solid that forms in a precipitation reaction
when the acid reacts with the base it creates H2O (l)
precipitation reaction
the formation of a solid
precipitation reaction
(aq)+(aq) → (s)+(aq) ... is an example of a...
Chapter 5 Vocab Chemisty
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
form of energy that exhibits wave-like behavior as it travels…
wavelength shortest distance between equivalent points on a c…
frequency number of waves that pass a given point in one seco…
the wave's height from the origin to a crest or from the orig…
electromagnetic radiation
form of energy that exhibits wave-like behavior as it travels…
wavelength
wavelength shortest distance between equivalent points on a c…
46 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7
ammonium
acetate
cyanide
hydroxide
NH4+
CH3COO-
CN-
OH-
ammonium
NH4+
acetate
CH3COO-
11 terms
Chapter 7 chemistry vocab
Valance electrons
Electron dot structure
Octet rule
Halide ions
An electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
A notation that depicts valance electrons as dots around the…
Atoms react by gaining or losing so as to acquire the stable…
A negative ion formed when a halogen atom gains an electron
Valance electrons
An electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
Electron dot structure
A notation that depicts valance electrons as dots around the…
8 terms
chapter 7
Mole ratio
stoichiometric
Limiting reactants
Excess reactant
a conversion factor made with the models of two different che…
when you have exactly the amounts of reactants to react compl…
the reactant that can produce the least amount of product or…
the reactants that are leftover after the limiting reactant i…
Mole ratio
a conversion factor made with the models of two different che…
stoichiometric
when you have exactly the amounts of reactants to react compl…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7 Vocab
Valence Electron
Electron Dot Structure
Octet Rule
Ionic Compound
An electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom.
A notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
Atoms react by gaining or losing electrons so as to acquire t…
A compound composed of positive and negative ions.
Valence Electron
An electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom.
Electron Dot Structure
A notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
46 terms
BC: Chapter 7
Covalent sequence of amino acid residu…
Regular, periodic, repeating, recurrin…
spatial relationship between amino aci…
the spatial relationship between diffe…
primary
secondary
tertiary
quaternary (not every protein gets to this level ) (gives the…
Covalent sequence of amino acid residu…
primary
Regular, periodic, repeating, recurrin…
secondary
10 terms
Chapter 7 Chem Vocab
Monatomic Ion
Binary Compound
Nomenclature
Oxyanion
An ion formed a single atom
A compound composed of two different elements
A naming system
A polyatomic ion that contains oxygen
Monatomic Ion
An ion formed a single atom
Binary Compound
A compound composed of two different elements
33 terms
World History Chapter 7
Caiph
Jihad
Vizier
Sultan
A successor of Muhammad, ruler of Islam
Arabic custom of raiding ones enemies ("struggle in the way o…
Prime minister who advised the caliph
Title of the Turkish leader who took command of the Arab Empi…
Caiph
A successor of Muhammad, ruler of Islam
Jihad
Arabic custom of raiding ones enemies ("struggle in the way o…
34 terms
chapter 7 : chemistry
Chemisty
Chemists
Biochemistry
Organic chemistry
Scientific study of matter, and the physical and chemical cha…
Scientists who study matter, its properties and changes
Study of chemical reactions
Study of living matter
Chemisty
Scientific study of matter, and the physical and chemical cha…
Chemists
Scientists who study matter, its properties and changes
10 terms
Chapter 7 Modern Chemistry
monatomic ion
binary compounds
nomenclature
oxyanions
an ion formed from a single atom.
compounds composed of two different elements
naming system
polyatomic ions that contain oxygen
monatomic ion
an ion formed from a single atom.
binary compounds
compounds composed of two different elements
29 terms
Chemistry Chapter 7 Additional Content
DeBroglie
λ=h/mu
Did not account for the emission spect…
[Blank] (1924) reasoned that e- is both particle and wave.
What is the DeBroglie equation?
According to DeBroglie, 2πr=...
What problems were there with Bohr's model?
DeBroglie
[Blank] (1924) reasoned that e- is both particle and wave.
λ=h/mu
What is the DeBroglie equation?
Chapter 7 Chemistry
Humectants
Solute
Physical change
Oxidation
The ability to bind a wide range of organic and inorganic mat…
The solid or dissolved part of a solution
...
Process of a substance loses an electron and oxygen is acquired
Humectants
The ability to bind a wide range of organic and inorganic mat…
Solute
The solid or dissolved part of a solution
100 terms
Chemistry Test Chapter 7
DeBroglie
λ=h/mu
Did not account for the emission spect…
It is impossible to know simultaneousl…
[Blank] (1924) reasoned that e- is both particle and wave.
What is the DeBroglie equation?
What problems were there with Bohr's model?
What is the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle?
DeBroglie
[Blank] (1924) reasoned that e- is both particle and wave.
λ=h/mu
What is the DeBroglie equation?
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