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Study sets matching "chs chemistry"

31 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2
mass
volume
extensive property
intensive property
the amount of matter an object contains; weight; often measur…
the amount of space something takes up; can be measured using…
depends on the amount of matter in a sample; ex: mass of diam…
depends on the type of matter in a sample; ex: hardness of di…
mass
the amount of matter an object contains; weight; often measur…
volume
the amount of space something takes up; can be measured using…
34 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1 vocabulary
Physical State
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
The form matter takes as a result of the arrangement of its p…
Elements or compounds interacting with each other to form new…
A chemical that is present at the beginning of a chemical rea…
A compound that is the result of a chemical reaction (or an e…
Physical State
The form matter takes as a result of the arrangement of its p…
Chemical Reaction
Elements or compounds interacting with each other to form new…
17 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 1 Vocabulary
states of matter
chemical reaction
chemical
reactant
the physical forms of matter, which are solid, liquid, gas, a…
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
any substance that has a defined composition.
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which are solid, liquid, gas, a…
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
54 terms
Chemistry Chapter 14 Review
activated complex
catalyst
Catalysts provide a
inhibitor
Transition state and is very unstable
Helps speed up a reaction by lowering the activation energy n…
new path. They bring molecules together.
slows down a reaction. It can stop the work of a catalyst.
activated complex
Transition state and is very unstable
catalyst
Helps speed up a reaction by lowering the activation energy n…
Chemistry Chapter 1 Introduction to Chemistry
chemistry
substance
mass
weight
the study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
matter that has a definite composition; a.k.a. a chemical
a measure that reflects the amount of matter
a measure of the amount of gravitational pull on matter
chemistry
the study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
substance
matter that has a definite composition; a.k.a. a chemical
13 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1 Vocab
chemistry
substance
mass
weight
the study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
matter that has a definite composition; a.k.a. a chemical
a measure that reflects the amount of matter
a measure of the amount of gravitational pull on matter
chemistry
the study of matter and the changes that it undergoes
substance
matter that has a definite composition; a.k.a. a chemical
19 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 4 Terminology
periodic law
valence electron
group
period
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table; elements…
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table.
periodic law
the law that states that the repeating physical and chemical…
valence electron
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Vocab
Dalton's atomic theory
atom
cathode ray
electron
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast-moving particle with an extremely…
Dalton's atomic theory
states that matter is composed of extremely small particles c…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
42 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Combined
atom
cathode ray
electron
nucleus
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely…
The extremely small, positively charged, dense center of an a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
cathode ray
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10 Terms
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Effusion
Diffusion of gases
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
15 terms
Chemistry Chapter 12 vocab
Capillary Action
Vaporization
amorphous solid
crystal
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
The change of state from a liquid to a gas
A solid made up of particles that are not arranged in a regul…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
Capillary Action
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a…
Vaporization
The change of state from a liquid to a gas
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
States of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
States of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
48 terms
Modern Chemistry Chapter 3
law of conservation of mass
law of definite proportions
law of multiple proportions
atom
States that matter can be neither destroyed nor created durin…
The fact that a chemical compounds contains the same elements…
if two or more different compounds are composed of the same t…
the smallest particle of an element that retains the chemical…
law of conservation of mass
States that matter can be neither destroyed nor created durin…
law of definite proportions
The fact that a chemical compounds contains the same elements…
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3 Atoms
Atomic Mass Unit
Atomic Number
average atomic mass
isotopes
A unit of mass that describes the mass of an atom or molecule…
Number of protons in an atom
weighted average of the atomic masses for the isotopes of an…
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Atomic Mass Unit
A unit of mass that describes the mass of an atom or molecule…
Atomic Number
Number of protons in an atom
32 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Combined
atom
cathode ray
electron
nucleus
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
a negatively charged, fast moving particle with an extremely…
The extremely small, positively charged, dense center of an a…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
cathode ray
radiation that originates from the cathode and travels to the…
44 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 22: Nuclear Chemistry
Nucleons
Nuclide
Mass Defect
Nuclear Binding Energy
Protons and neutrons.
An atom that is identified by the number of protons and neutr…
The difference between the mass of an atom and the sum of the…
The energy released when a nucleus is formed from nucleons.
Nucleons
Protons and neutrons.
Nuclide
An atom that is identified by the number of protons and neutr…
11 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3
Accuracy
Precision
Error
Percent error
A measure of how close a measurement is to the true value of…
A measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
The difference between the experimental value and the accepte…
The absolute value of the error divided by the accepted value
Accuracy
A measure of how close a measurement is to the true value of…
Precision
A measure of how close a series of measurements are to one an…
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 6
Periodic law
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloid
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Elements that are generally good conductors, generally solid…
Elements that are poor conductors of heat and tend to be brit…
Elements that have characteristics of both metals and non-met…
Periodic law
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Metals
Elements that are generally good conductors, generally solid…
25 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4
electromagnetic radiation
electromagnetic spectrum
wavelenght
frequency
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
the distance from any point on a wave to an identical point o…
the number of cycles or vibrations per unit of time; also the…
electromagnetic radiation
the radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
electromagnetic spectrum
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
45 terms
chemistry review - chapter 2
atom
proton
neutron
electron
smallest particle that retains the physical and chemical prop…
positive charge particle found in the nucleus
neutral particle found in the nucleus
negative particle found in energy levels outside the nucleus
atom
smallest particle that retains the physical and chemical prop…
proton
positive charge particle found in the nucleus
10 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1
Worldview
Image of God
First Commandment
Second Commandment
A perspective from which to see and interpret all life
We are like God in every way that is appropriate for a creatu…
Love the Lord thy God
Love your neighbor as yourself
Worldview
A perspective from which to see and interpret all life
Image of God
We are like God in every way that is appropriate for a creatu…
48 terms
Chapter 22 Organic Chemistry
fullerene
graphite
delocalized electron
organic compound
a dark-colored solid made of spherically networked carbonatom…
a soft, black, crystalline form of carbon that is a fair cond…
an electron shared by more than two atoms
a covalently bonded compound containing carbon, excluding car…
fullerene
a dark-colored solid made of spherically networked carbonatom…
graphite
a soft, black, crystalline form of carbon that is a fair cond…
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2
Mass
Volume
Extensive Property
Intensive Property
The amount of matter an object contains
The measure of the space occupied by an object
A property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample
A property that depends on the type of matter in a sample, no…
Mass
The amount of matter an object contains
Volume
The measure of the space occupied by an object
17 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 1 Terminology
states of matter
chemical reaction
chemical
reactant
the physical forms of matter, which are solid, liquid, gas, a…
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
any substance that has a defined composition.
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which are solid, liquid, gas, a…
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
30 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary Chapter 1
Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Physical Property
The study of the structure, properties, and composition of su…
The study of compounds that contain the element carbon.
The study of substances that that do not contain carbon.
A quality of a substance that can be observed or measured wit…
Chemistry
The study of the structure, properties, and composition of su…
Organic Chemistry
The study of compounds that contain the element carbon.
16 terms
Chemistry - Chapter 9
Molar Mass
Mole
Structural Formulas
Molecular Formulas
mass of one mole of any pure substance
the amount of a substance contained in 6.022x10(23) particles…
shows the types of atoms involved... the exact composition of ea…
the types and numbers of atoms involved as they appear in the…
Molar Mass
mass of one mole of any pure substance
Mole
the amount of a substance contained in 6.022x10(23) particles…
18 terms
Chemistry Holt Chapter 4
Periodic Law
Valence Electron
Group
Main-Group Elements
The principle that chemical properties of the elements are pe…
An electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
A column of elements in the periodic table that share similar…
the p-block elements together with the s-block elements
Periodic Law
The principle that chemical properties of the elements are pe…
Valence Electron
An electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
29 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1 vocabulary
Chemistry
Chemical
Mass
Matter
The study of the composition, structure, and properties of ma…
Any substance that has a definite composition
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Chemistry
The study of the composition, structure, and properties of ma…
Chemical
Any substance that has a definite composition
23 terms
Chemistry chapter 2
absolute zero
liter
accepted value
meter
the zero point on the Kelvin temperature scale equivalent to…
the volume of a cube measuring 10 centimeters on each edge (1…
a quantity used by general agreement of the scientific commun…
the base unit of length in the metric and SI measurements sys…
absolute zero
the zero point on the Kelvin temperature scale equivalent to…
liter
the volume of a cube measuring 10 centimeters on each edge (1…
63 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2
Physical Properties
Chemical properties
Physical changes
Chemical changes
Can be observed or measured without changing the identity of…
Describes matter based on the ability to change into new matt…
Any change that DOES NOT alter the chemical composition of a…
A change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
Physical Properties
Can be observed or measured without changing the identity of…
Chemical properties
Describes matter based on the ability to change into new matt…
36 terms
chemistry chapter 6 terms
E
H
delta H
T
internal energy
enthalpy
equals delta E+delta (PV)
temperature
E
internal energy
H
enthalpy
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
22 terms
Chapter 17 - Chemistry
atom
electron
electron cloud
neutron
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
A negatively charged particle (-1)
a region around the nucleus of an atom where electrons are li…
neutral particle with no charge
atom
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
electron
A negatively charged particle (-1)
38 terms
chemistry chapter 1
determine the composition of a moon ro…
do research on making a new medicine t…
investigate ways to regulate the rate…
develop a plastic that can be decompos…
analytical chemistry
biochemistry
physical chemistry
organic chemistry
determine the composition of a moon ro…
analytical chemistry
do research on making a new medicine t…
biochemistry
26 terms
Chapter 1 Chemistry
matter
chemistry
substance
physical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
the study of matter and how matter changes
a single kind of matter that is pure
a characteristic of a substance observed WITHOUT changing it…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
chemistry
the study of matter and how matter changes
39 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2 Vocabulary
mass
volume
extensive property
intensive property
the amount of matter an object contains; often measured on a…
the amount of space something takes up; can be measured using…
depends on the amount of matter in a sample; ex: mass, volume…
depends on the type of matter in a sample; ex: color, hardness
mass
the amount of matter an object contains; often measured on a…
volume
the amount of space something takes up; can be measured using…
12 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3
Weight
Temperature
Celsius scale
Kelvin scale
is a force that measures the pull on a given mass by gravity
is a measure of how hot or cold an object is
the freezing point of water is 0°C and the boiling point is 1…
the freezing point of water is 273.15 kelvins (K), and the bo…
Weight
is a force that measures the pull on a given mass by gravity
Temperature
is a measure of how hot or cold an object is
21 terms
Chapter 1 intro to chemistry
Chemistry
Matter
Organic chemistry
Inorganic chemistry
The study of matter and the changes matter undergoes
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The study of chemicals containing the element carbon... Examples…
Study of chemicals not containing carbon... Examples: steel, sil…
Chemistry
The study of matter and the changes matter undergoes
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
58 terms
Chemistry I Chapter 9
The common name for SiI₄ is tetraidosi…
The suffix of the ion of an oxyacid wi…
The suffix of the ion of an oxyacid wi…
The chemical bond that results from th…
silicon tetraiodide.
ate
ide
covalent bond
The common name for SiI₄ is tetraidosi…
silicon tetraiodide.
The suffix of the ion of an oxyacid wi…
ate
39 terms
Chemistry I Chapter 5
ground state
nucleus
principle quantum number (n)
0 or 1
The lowest possible energy level of an atom.
Part of the atom the electrons cannot be found in.
The main energy levels of an atom.
The values used for the angular momentum quantum number (l) w…
ground state
The lowest possible energy level of an atom.
nucleus
Part of the atom the electrons cannot be found in.
18 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Periodic Law
Periodic Table
Lanthanides
Actinides
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
14 rare-earth series of elements with atomic numbers from 58(…
14 radioactive elements with atomic numbers from 90(Th) to 10…
Periodic Law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Periodic Table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
States of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
States of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
57 terms
Chemistry Chapter 13
kinetic-molecular theory
particle size of gases
particle motion of gases
temperature
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particle motion
small, separated by empty space
constant, random motion
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
kinetic-molecular theory
describes the behavior of gases in terms of particle motion
particle size of gases
small, separated by empty space
51 terms
Chemistry Chapter 25
Antoine Henri Becquerel
Marie Curie and Pierre Curie
Radioactivity
Radiation
French chemist who discovered that uranium emits invisible ra…
graduate students of Becquerel who were able to show that the…
process by which nuclei emit particles and rays
penetrating rays and particles emitted by a radioactive source
Antoine Henri Becquerel
French chemist who discovered that uranium emits invisible ra…
Marie Curie and Pierre Curie
graduate students of Becquerel who were able to show that the…
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 2
base unit
density
derived unit
kelvin
a defined unit in a system of measurement that is based on an…
the amount of mass per unit volume; a physical property
a unit defined by a combination of base units
SI base unit of temperature
base unit
a defined unit in a system of measurement that is based on an…
density
the amount of mass per unit volume; a physical property
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 15
solution
solute
solvent
soluble
homogeneous mixture containing two or more substances called…
the substance being dissolved
the dissolving medium
a substance that dissolves in a solvent
solution
homogeneous mixture containing two or more substances called…
solute
the substance being dissolved
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