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Study sets matching "church history"

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Study sets matching "church history"

20 terms
Church History (Apostolic Church)
Pharisees
Holiness
Sadducees
Zealots
Jews that emphasized their traditions/practices that "set the…
the attribute of being "set apart"
Jewish members of the wealthy aristocracy who had "sold out"…
Jewish group intending to violently resist Roman occupation t…
Pharisees
Jews that emphasized their traditions/practices that "set the…
Holiness
the attribute of being "set apart"
14 terms
The History of the Church: Background to Church History
Augustus
Chattel
Diaspora
Essenes
Imperial title given to Octavian from the Senate marking the…
Form of slavery in which the master holds power of life and d…
Greek for "dispersion," it refers to the emigration of the Je…
A group of Jews that withdrew from the world into the desert…
Augustus
Imperial title given to Octavian from the Senate marking the…
Chattel
Form of slavery in which the master holds power of life and d…
51 terms
History of the Church
Divine Revelation
Magisterium
Apostolic Tradition
Pentecost
Made up of Scripture and Apostolic Tradition
Teaching body of the Church. It's role is to guard and defend…
Oral tradition passed on from Jesus to the apostles and their…
Church was born
Divine Revelation
Made up of Scripture and Apostolic Tradition
Magisterium
Teaching body of the Church. It's role is to guard and defend…
55 terms
Church History
6 Periods of History
2 sides of Church History
3 Fold division in Church History
Sources of Information
1. Apostolic Church ... 2. Persecuted Church... 3. Imperial Church…
1. Human ... 2. Divine
1. Ancient History ... 2. Medieval History ... 3. Modern History
1. Written - documents, journals, inscription on tombs/cataco…
6 Periods of History
1. Apostolic Church ... 2. Persecuted Church... 3. Imperial Church…
2 sides of Church History
1. Human ... 2. Divine
30 terms
Church History
The 4 Diocese in Kansas
Purpose of the Council of Jerusalem
Gnosticism
The Church's response to Gnosticism
Wichita, Kansas City, Salina, Dodge City
Allowed gentiles ot become Christian without converting first…
Denied the Incarnation and appealed to a secret knowledge for…
collected the books of the New Testament, and wrote the 1st C…
The 4 Diocese in Kansas
Wichita, Kansas City, Salina, Dodge City
Purpose of the Council of Jerusalem
Allowed gentiles ot become Christian without converting first…
43 terms
Church History
Discuss the seven Eucanemical councils
Nicaea
Constantinople
Ephesus
Nicaea 325 - deity of Christ... Constantinople 381 - Apollonaria…
325 by Constantine I... the deity of Christ... Arius - hetero-ousio…
381... Theodotius I... Apollonarianism - Christ has no human nature…
431... Theodotius II ... the worship of Mary... Theotokos - Cyril of A…
Discuss the seven Eucanemical councils
Nicaea 325 - deity of Christ... Constantinople 381 - Apollonaria…
Nicaea
325 by Constantine I... the deity of Christ... Arius - hetero-ousio…
17 terms
Church History Chapter 2
Agape
Apocryphal
Apologist
Apostolic Father
Literally "love". An early Christian religious meal that was…
A work of literature with scriptural or quasi-scriptural pret…
One who writes a work in order to defend and explain the Chri…
Saintly writers of the early Church whom the Church recognize…
Agape
Literally "love". An early Christian religious meal that was…
Apocryphal
A work of literature with scriptural or quasi-scriptural pret…
26 terms
Church History Chapter 4
Anathema
Apocrypha
Apostles Creed
Arianism
A ban solemnly pronounced by ecclesiastical authority and acc…
Old Testament books recognized by the Catholic and Orthodox C…
A statement of belief of the Apostles based upon the New Test…
Third and Fourth century heresy founded by the Alexandrian pr…
Anathema
A ban solemnly pronounced by ecclesiastical authority and acc…
Apocrypha
Old Testament books recognized by the Catholic and Orthodox C…
37 terms
Church History
Persecutions 54-325 A.D.
Roman Druids
Bacchanalia
Extreme Gnosticism
-two reasons: extreme gnosticism and illegal pagan religions
Practiced magic and human sacrifices
Secret meetings at night, committed murder, forged wills, too…
Believed the body should be destroyed by indulging its desire…
Persecutions 54-325 A.D.
-two reasons: extreme gnosticism and illegal pagan religions
Roman Druids
Practiced magic and human sacrifices
8 terms
Church History Chapter 6
Boniface
Canterbury
Glagolithic Script
Mozarabes
Latin for "doer of good", and the name given to St. Boniface,…
The most important episcopal see in England in the sixth cent…
Based on the Greek alphabet, it was developed by St. Cyril to…
Spanish people who chose to live under Arab rule after the Mu…
Boniface
Latin for "doer of good", and the name given to St. Boniface,…
Canterbury
The most important episcopal see in England in the sixth cent…
27 terms
Church History
Ignatius of Antioch
Justin
apologists
Bishop
A bishop martyr who was taken to Rome to be eaten by lions in…
studied all kinds of philosophies in search for the meaning o…
Defenders of the faith
supervisor ... bishop comes before priest
Ignatius of Antioch
A bishop martyr who was taken to Rome to be eaten by lions in…
Justin
studied all kinds of philosophies in search for the meaning o…
99 terms
Church History
One
Holy
Catholic
Apostolic
The Church exhibits visible unity to the world in Jesus Chris…
The Church is separated from the world and called to goodness
The Church is for all people in all places
The Church was founded on the primacy of Peter and is still g…
One
The Church exhibits visible unity to the world in Jesus Chris…
Holy
The Church is separated from the world and called to goodness
40 terms
Church History Chapter 6
People who lived in early Dark Ages so…
the Eucharist celebration of the Mass…
In the 6th century, typically the sacr…
What was the result of the weakening l…
eternal life
mystery
performed in public
small barbarian kingdoms became established with local chieft…
People who lived in early Dark Ages so…
eternal life
the Eucharist celebration of the Mass…
mystery
9 terms
Church History Chapter 1
Apostle
Bishop
Church
Church History
Comes from the Greek meaning "to send away", refers to the tw…
A successor of the apostles who has received the fullness of…
The Body of Christ and the Temple of the Holy Spirit. Willed…
The record of the life of Jesus, the actions of men, and the…
Apostle
Comes from the Greek meaning "to send away", refers to the tw…
Bishop
A successor of the apostles who has received the fullness of…
22 terms
Church History Chapter 5
Allah
Cenobitical Life
Diocese
Ecumenical Patriarch
Arabic word for God
More common form of monasticism, called the common life, live…
A territorial division of the Chruch.
Title adopted by the Patriarch of Constantinople
Allah
Arabic word for God
Cenobitical Life
More common form of monasticism, called the common life, live…
28 terms
Catholic Church History
catholic
martyr
Apology
hagios
universal
"witness" (to give one's life for the cause of Christ)
Tertullian's defense of why persecution of Christians was wrong
saints or holy ones (but it's root suggests "different")
catholic
universal
martyr
"witness" (to give one's life for the cause of Christ)
39 terms
Church History: Chapter 6
Anti-Pope
Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy
Black Death
Conciliarism
Someone who falsely claims to be pope.
Period during which the pope resided in Avignon in the Kingdo…
Popular name for the bubonic plague, so name because body par…
Belief that Church councils have greater authority than the p…
Anti-Pope
Someone who falsely claims to be pope.
Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy
Period during which the pope resided in Avignon in the Kingdo…
43 terms
Church History: Chapter 7
Communion of Saints
Council of Trent
Diet of Worms
Edict of Nantes
All the faithful Church members on earth, in heaven, and in p…
Post-Reformation meeting of the world's Catholic bishops to r…
Meeting of the leadership of the Holy Roman Empire during whi…
Document granting some rights to Huguenots
Communion of Saints
All the faithful Church members on earth, in heaven, and in p…
Council of Trent
Post-Reformation meeting of the world's Catholic bishops to r…
32 terms
Church History: Early Church
Simon Peter
Andrew
James the Greater
John
Fishermen, went to Rome and Jerusalem, crucified upside down
Fisherman, went to Macedonia and Byzantium, crucified on x-sh…
Fisherman, went to Jerusalem, beheaded
Fisherman, went to Ephesus, died of old age
Simon Peter
Fishermen, went to Rome and Jerusalem, crucified upside down
Andrew
Fisherman, went to Macedonia and Byzantium, crucified on x-sh…
41 terms
Church History: Chapter 2
Alexander the Great
Hellenism
Socrates
Plato
Conquered and controlled land from Greece to India
The influence of Greek culture.
Classical Greek philosopher; developed the "Socratic Method"
Ancient Greek Philosopher; Questioned life and the world arou…
Alexander the Great
Conquered and controlled land from Greece to India
Hellenism
The influence of Greek culture.
Church History - Early Church
apologist
apostle
apostilic succession
bishop
One who speaks or writes in defense of someone or something;…
The general term apostle means "one who is sent" and can be u…
The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and autho…
One who has received the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Or…
apologist
One who speaks or writes in defense of someone or something;…
apostle
The general term apostle means "one who is sent" and can be u…
8 terms
Church History: Chapter 1
History of the Catholic Church
History
Catholic Identity
Church
The study of God's grace working in the lives of men and wome…
The science that explores past events and persons (as affecti…
The concept of who we are as Catholics and what it means to b…
The main instrument used by God to bring the human person int…
History of the Catholic Church
The study of God's grace working in the lives of men and wome…
History
The science that explores past events and persons (as affecti…
Church History: The Early Church
Erasmus of Rotterdam
John Locke
Voltaire
Jesus' Church
- 1467-1536... - Ridiculed monasticism and scholasticism in "Pra…
- 1632-1704... - Indicates that the existence of God is "the mos…
- 1694-1778... - Personified the skepticism of the French Enligh…
Focuses on Redemption
Erasmus of Rotterdam
- 1467-1536... - Ridiculed monasticism and scholasticism in "Pra…
John Locke
- 1632-1704... - Indicates that the existence of God is "the mos…
41 terms
Church History: Chapter 3
Apostolic See
Arianism
Arius
Cloistered
a term used for the papacy, identifying the pope as successor…
A heresy denying that Jesus is truly God.
The priest who suggested that & "there once was a time when h…
Literally,behind walls and women and men religious who choose…
Apostolic See
a term used for the papacy, identifying the pope as successor…
Arianism
A heresy denying that Jesus is truly God.
102 terms
Church History Midterm Review
Alexander the Great
Pax Romana
Septuagint
Pharisees, Sadducees, & Essenes
Macedonian King; conquered most of the known world and unifie…
200 years of relative peace and prosperity in the Roman Empire
Greek translation of the Old Testament
Three main branches of Judaism at the time of Jesus' life
Alexander the Great
Macedonian King; conquered most of the known world and unifie…
Pax Romana
200 years of relative peace and prosperity in the Roman Empire
30 terms
Church History: Chapter 8
Galileo Galilei
Copernicus
Descartes
Francis Bacon
Italian scientist who used the theory of direct observation t…
The first scientist to promte and suggest calculations about…
French mathematician and philosopher who beleived that nothin…
Proposed a challenge to the Catholic Church by suggesting tha…
Galileo Galilei
Italian scientist who used the theory of direct observation t…
Copernicus
The first scientist to promte and suggest calculations about…
72 terms
Church History Medieval Church
Fight, Pray, make Food
Lord
Vassal
Serf
The Three Orders of Feudalism
Grants fiefs (land) to vassals in exchange for military service
Provides Military service to Lord in exchange for land
Makes the cabbages - handles the agriculture of the land
Fight, Pray, make Food
The Three Orders of Feudalism
Lord
Grants fiefs (land) to vassals in exchange for military service
43 terms
Church History Smyrna Church
Ignatius of Antioch
Ignatius of Antioch
Ignatius of Antioch
Ignatius of Antioch
Bishop of the church at Antioch early in the 2nd century
Wrote 7 letters while on his way to Rome for execution under…
Argued strongly against Doctism (Jesus only appeared to be hu…
Taught that heresy was best combated through unity of the chu…
Ignatius of Antioch
Bishop of the church at Antioch early in the 2nd century
Ignatius of Antioch
Wrote 7 letters while on his way to Rome for execution under…
14 terms
Church History Introduction
Augustus
Chattel
Diaspora
Essenes
Imperial title given to Octavian from the Senate marking the…
Form of slavery in which the master holds power of live and d…
Greek for "dispersion" it refers to the emigration of the Jew…
A group of Jews that withdrew from the world into the desert…
Augustus
Imperial title given to Octavian from the Senate marking the…
Chattel
Form of slavery in which the master holds power of live and d…
15 terms
Church history
Apostles responsibility
Jesus promise
Jesus apostles
Church inception
To evangelize the world
Build the church that he'll cannot prevail against it
12 disciples
Day of Pentecost
Apostles responsibility
To evangelize the world
Jesus promise
Build the church that he'll cannot prevail against it
30 terms
Church History: Chapter 2
Apologists
Atheism
Bishops
Canon
Christian thinkers who defended an explained Christian beliefs.
The denial that God exists.
Means "overseers" ordained CHurch leaders who are successors…
The Church's complete list of sacred books of the Bible.
Apologists
Christian thinkers who defended an explained Christian beliefs.
Atheism
The denial that God exists.
58 terms
Church History
Doctrinal successors of: Luther, Calvi…
67 Articles
Proclamation of Scripture
Luther's 3 benefits to communion
Malankthan, Basa, Bullinger
1st confession of faith of the Reformation (Zurich / Zwingli)
The most important precipitant of reform in Zurich
1. Building Community... 2. Assurance of Forgiveness... 3. Renewed…
Doctrinal successors of: Luther, Calvi…
Malankthan, Basa, Bullinger
67 Articles
1st confession of faith of the Reformation (Zurich / Zwingli)
Church History
Christogram
Constantine
Licinius
Edict of Milan
symbol for christs name
received a vision... saw a sign of a cross in the sky... demanded s…
co-emperor
recorder in 4th century... allowed people to follow whatever rel…
Christogram
symbol for christs name
Constantine
received a vision... saw a sign of a cross in the sky... demanded s…
110 terms
Church History
Scapegoat
Who used scapegoating
Who was the scapegoat
Why did said person use scapegoating a…
to blame someone for something, then kill or destroy them in…
Nero
Christians
At time...... -small group... -no power... -do not know much
Scapegoat
to blame someone for something, then kill or destroy them in…
Who used scapegoating
Nero
34 terms
Church History: Chapter 1
Acts of the Apostles
Ascension
Babylonian Captivity
Conversion
The book of the New Testament that tells the story of the ear…
The Risen Christ enters into heavenly glory.
A period from 587-539BC when the Jewish nation did not exist…
A radical reorientation of one's whole life away from sin and…
Acts of the Apostles
The book of the New Testament that tells the story of the ear…
Ascension
The Risen Christ enters into heavenly glory.
28 terms
Church History
Founder of the Order of Friars Preachers
Credited with the conversion of the Ir…
His rule for monks/nuns was known for…
Founder of the Order of Friars Minor
Dominic
Patrick
Benedict
Francis of Assisi
Founder of the Order of Friars Preachers
Dominic
Credited with the conversion of the Ir…
Patrick
13 terms
Church History
Grace
Incarnation
Archaeologists
Paleontologist
God's love and protection given to mankind
God's taking on the nature of man in the person of Jesus of N…
Scientist of who studies the evidence of the human past
Scientist who studies the evidence of all past life, human an…
Grace
God's love and protection given to mankind
Incarnation
God's taking on the nature of man in the person of Jesus of N…
30 terms
Church History
Germany
Italy
Great Britain
Greece
Germania
Italia
Brittiania
Graecia
Germany
Germania
Italy
Italia
28 terms
Church History
Ascension
Heresy
Martyr
Apostolic See
Christ enters heavenly glory; he returned body and soul to Fa…
against church beliefs
die for religion
pope succeeds from Peter
Ascension
Christ enters heavenly glory; he returned body and soul to Fa…
Heresy
against church beliefs
50 terms
Church History- The Early Church
What is a covenant?
3. What were gentiles?
What was Exodus?
What was Passover?
A covenant is an agreement or contract between two parties. C…
Gentiles were persons of non-Jewish faith or origin
God's saving intervention in history, as narrated in the Book…
Passover was a Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of…
What is a covenant?
A covenant is an agreement or contract between two parties. C…
3. What were gentiles?
Gentiles were persons of non-Jewish faith or origin
60 terms
Church History
doctrine vs discipline
what challenges did the Church face wi…
what challenges did the Church face wi…
Monasticism
Doctrine is what we believe and it cannot be changed... Discipl…
emperors tried to overpower the power of the pope, and interf…
conversions were not sincere, were not educated on the faith,…
Foundation (Anthony, Benedict), role, and reform (Cluny).…
doctrine vs discipline
Doctrine is what we believe and it cannot be changed... Discipl…
what challenges did the Church face wi…
emperors tried to overpower the power of the pope, and interf…
32 terms
Church History
Religion
Religare
Theistic
Non-Theistic
A human system of norms and values based on beliefs in a supe…
In latin religare means to bind, tie together, or unite.
They believe in a god or gods.
They do not believe in a god or gods.
Religion
A human system of norms and values based on beliefs in a supe…
Religare
In latin religare means to bind, tie together, or unite.
39 terms
church history
Rationalism
Deism
Empiricism
Immaculate conception
the practice of treating reason as the ultimate authority in…
belief in the existence of a supreme being, specifically of a…
the theory that all knowledge is derived from sense-experience.
the doctrine that God preserved the Virgin Mary from the tain…
Rationalism
the practice of treating reason as the ultimate authority in…
Deism
belief in the existence of a supreme being, specifically of a…
13 terms
Church history
St. Peter
St. Paul
St. Andrew
St. James & John
Crucified in Rome upside down, saw Jesus on the road, died a…
beheaded outside Rome, arrested in Jerusalem for doing work i…
Brother of Peter, crucified on an "X" shaped cross by the gov…
Sons of zebedee both fisherman, witnessed Transfiguration & a…
St. Peter
Crucified in Rome upside down, saw Jesus on the road, died a…
St. Paul
beheaded outside Rome, arrested in Jerusalem for doing work i…
48 terms
Church History
Tumerlebnis
Origins of Lutheran Reform
95 Theses
Date of the 95 Theses
Turning point for Luther; LRomans 1:17, "the just shall live…
Luther protests against Church indulgences, transubstantiatio…
Grievances against the Pope and the Church
October 31, 1517
Tumerlebnis
Turning point for Luther; LRomans 1:17, "the just shall live…
Origins of Lutheran Reform
Luther protests against Church indulgences, transubstantiatio…
17 terms
Church History: Introduction Chapter
Saint
Martyrs
Catacombs
Confessors
Any person who is in Heaven.
Anyone who is killed because of their faith. The word "martyr…
The underground system of tombs where Christians were safe to…
Men and women whose lives were spent spreading the joy of the…
Saint
Any person who is in Heaven.
Martyrs
Anyone who is killed because of their faith. The word "martyr…
71 terms
Church History
Paul
Peter
Nero 54-68
Church fathers
In the mid-30s to the mid-50s, he founded several churches in…
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ, one of the early…
54-68) focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade and…
Ambrose (340-397)... St. Jerome (340-420) ... St. John Chrysostom (…
Paul
In the mid-30s to the mid-50s, he founded several churches in…
Peter
One of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ, one of the early…
6 terms
Church History
Battle at the Milvian Bridge
Edict of Milan
NICEA
Constantinople
312
313
325
381
Battle at the Milvian Bridge
312
Edict of Milan
313
93 terms
church history
one
holy
catholic
apostolic
trinity is the source of unity in the church
although she is made up of sinners, the church remains sinles…
universal- all are welcome... fullness of faith everywhere, for…
founded on the apostles - chosen by Christ Himself
one
trinity is the source of unity in the church
holy
although she is made up of sinners, the church remains sinles…
97 terms
Church History Persecution Test
what is scapegoat?
what is insulae?
what is equites?
what is mob violence?
when you blame someone or a group for something and then dest…
tenements that the middle and lower classes were packed into…
horsemen/knights... wealthy and members of the upper class
christians didn't make pietas... as a result, bad things would…
what is scapegoat?
when you blame someone or a group for something and then dest…
what is insulae?
tenements that the middle and lower classes were packed into…
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