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Study sets matching "circuits"

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Study sets matching "circuits"

15 terms
Circuits
Resistance
One Ohm
role of an electron
resistivity
the ability of an object to impede the flow of charge
one volt to produce one ampere
transfer energy
intensive property
Resistance
the ability of an object to impede the flow of charge
One Ohm
one volt to produce one ampere
19 terms
Circuits
"The sum of the currents into a juncti…
"The sum of the elf's and potential di…
In the context of the loop and junctio…
For any circuit the number of independ…
conservation of energy
conservation of energy
where three or more wires are joined
the number of branches
"The sum of the currents into a juncti…
conservation of energy
"The sum of the elf's and potential di…
conservation of energy
13 terms
Circuits
Circuit
Conductor
Insulator
Voltage
the complete path around which an electric current flows
a substance that allows heat or electricity to pass through it
a substance that reduces the amount of heat, cold, noise, or…
the amount of power in an electric current, measured in volts
Circuit
the complete path around which an electric current flows
Conductor
a substance that allows heat or electricity to pass through it
16 terms
Circuits
Circuit
Circuit Diagram
Series Circuit
Parallel Circuit
a system of conductors and components forming a complete path…
drawing that traces the path electron flow will take, compone…
contains only one path for the current to flow on, if compone…
contains more than one path for current flow, component remov…
Circuit
a system of conductors and components forming a complete path…
Circuit Diagram
drawing that traces the path electron flow will take, compone…
28 terms
Circuits
Capacitors
Charge of a Capacitor
Capacitance equation
Batteries and Capacitors
2 parallel conducting plates with a non conducting material b…
amount of charge a capacitor can separate is proportional to…
the measure of charge per volt or a faraday... C=E(0)A/d... C=Q/V... E…
batteries maintain charge of the capacitors
Capacitors
2 parallel conducting plates with a non conducting material b…
Charge of a Capacitor
amount of charge a capacitor can separate is proportional to…
19 terms
Circuits
Alternating Current
Ampre
Capacitance
Capacitor
Current that is constantly changing directions
Unit of measure for electrical current
Ability of the electrical field in capacitor to store energy.…
Circuit component that stores energy inside of an electrical…
Alternating Current
Current that is constantly changing directions
Ampre
Unit of measure for electrical current
9 terms
Circuits
Fuse
Ammeter
Voltmeter
Resistor
Safety device
Measures electric current
Measures currents in volt
Passage with electrical currents
Fuse
Safety device
Ammeter
Measures electric current
15 terms
circuits
potential energy
heat
electricity
convert
what kind of energy do batteries have?
what do the chemicals make?
what does heat make?
what can batteries do to stored energy?
potential energy
what kind of energy do batteries have?
heat
what do the chemicals make?
13 terms
Circuits
Conductor
Insulator
Conduction
Induction
An object made of a conducting material that permits a charge…
A material opposite of conductors. The atoms are not easily f…
The process by which heat energy is transmitted through colli…
Induction charging is a method used to charge an object witho…
Conductor
An object made of a conducting material that permits a charge…
Insulator
A material opposite of conductors. The atoms are not easily f…
25 terms
Circuits
Voltage- Concept
Voltage- Symbol
Voltage- Unit of Measure
Voltage- Equation
The amount of electric pressure in a circuit.
V
V - Volt
V=DeltaEp/q... V=IR
Voltage- Concept
The amount of electric pressure in a circuit.
Voltage- Symbol
V
10 terms
Circuits
ohm's law
charge
current
the current in a series circuit...
the current though a resistor at constant temperature is dire…
the rate of flow of current in a circuit.
the flow of electrons which carry a charge.
stays the same
ohm's law
the current though a resistor at constant temperature is dire…
charge
the rate of flow of current in a circuit.
11 terms
Circuits
circuit
load
opened circuit
closed circuit
a complete, closed path through which electric charges flow
a device that uses electrical energy to do work
there is an opening in the circuit preventing electricity fro…
the two pieces of conducting material touch, allowing the ele…
circuit
a complete, closed path through which electric charges flow
load
a device that uses electrical energy to do work
8 terms
Circuits
Circuits have at least three main part…
A switch is used to open and close the…
An open circuit has a gap and the elec…
A closed circuit circuit has a complet…
...
...
...
...
Circuits have at least three main part…
...
A switch is used to open and close the…
...
16 terms
circuits
parallel circuit: remove a bulb
parallel circuit: add a bulb
parallel circuit: each resistor is..
junctions
still lights, multiple circuits
gets brighter- more resistors
in its own loop
connect positive and negative ends of battery in parallel cir…
parallel circuit: remove a bulb
still lights, multiple circuits
parallel circuit: add a bulb
gets brighter- more resistors
15 terms
Circuits
Circuit
Current
Ohmeter
Ohm's law
a path containing mobile charges
the flow of electrical charges
a device used to measure resistance
an equation that relates resistance , relates voltage,and cur…
Circuit
a path containing mobile charges
Current
the flow of electrical charges
10 terms
Circuits
Current
Ohm's Law
Series Resistance
Parallel Resistance
I = Q/t... Si Units: C/s
V= IR
Req= R1+ R2+R3...
1/Req= 1/R1 + 1/R2 + 1/R3..
Current
I = Q/t... Si Units: C/s
Ohm's Law
V= IR
15 terms
Circuits
Amps
Cell
Closed circuit
Conductor
- the unit for measuring electric current
- a device that delivers an electric current as the result of…
- No gaps
- a substance that allows electric current to pass through it
Amps
- the unit for measuring electric current
Cell
- a device that delivers an electric current as the result of…
15 terms
Circuits
Circuit
Current
Electrons
Voltage
Path containing easily movable charges
The flow of charge
Small negatively charged particle.
Electromotive force or potential difference.
Circuit
Path containing easily movable charges
Current
The flow of charge
13 terms
Circuits
Simple Circuit
Source
Load
Switch
Consists of a source, load, wires, and sometimes a switch
A device that produces electrical energy
Any device in the circuit that uses electrical energy
Device that controls the flow of electrons but opening or clo…
Simple Circuit
Consists of a source, load, wires, and sometimes a switch
Source
A device that produces electrical energy
8 terms
Circuits
PCB
Battery
Resistor
L.D.R.
Printed Circuit Board
A component that provides the energy to the circuit.
Restricts the energy flow - slows it down.
Light depended resistant - restricts the energy flow when the…
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
Battery
A component that provides the energy to the circuit.
12 terms
Circuits
A=
V=
Ω=
Current=
ampere, the unit for current
Volt, the unit for voltage
Ohm, the unit for resistance
The rate of flow of change round the circuit
A=
ampere, the unit for current
V=
Volt, the unit for voltage
113 terms
Circuits
electric charge
magnetic dipole moment
positive and negative
conserved
The physical property of matter that causes it to experience…
The physical property of matter that causes it to experience…
The two kinds of electric charge are called
If a physical quantity is said to remain unchanged in a proce…
electric charge
The physical property of matter that causes it to experience…
magnetic dipole moment
The physical property of matter that causes it to experience…
16 terms
Circuits
Circuit
Closed Circuit
Conductor
Current
Is a path containing easily movable charges and it is a path…
There are no gaps in a closed circuit, so charges flow.
Are materials or easily movable charges. That allow electrica…
When the light bulb lights up (electrons) are flowing through…
Circuit
Is a path containing easily movable charges and it is a path…
Closed Circuit
There are no gaps in a closed circuit, so charges flow.
8 terms
Circuits
Series Circuit
Parallel Circuit
Electrical
Energy trasformation
A circuit in which the parts are joined one after another suc…
Repeated syntactical similarities used for effect.
Energy associated with electric charges
One form of energy changes to another, allowing it to be used…
Series Circuit
A circuit in which the parts are joined one after another suc…
Parallel Circuit
Repeated syntactical similarities used for effect.
15 terms
Circuits
Ammeter
Ampere
Conventional Current
Current
-
-
...
...
Ammeter
-
Ampere
-
11 terms
Circuits
Current
Voltage
Resistance
Current equation
The rate of flow of charges. Measured in amps. (A)
the driving force that pushes current around a circuit (poten…
Anything in the circuit that slows down the flow - more compo…
Charge (C) = Current (A) x Time (s)... Q = I x t
Current
The rate of flow of charges. Measured in amps. (A)
Voltage
the driving force that pushes current around a circuit (poten…
20 terms
Circuits
Magnet
Magnetism
North pole
South pole
The area of magnetic force around a magnet
the properties and interactions of magnets
the northernmost point of the earth; the Earth's axis of rota…
the southernmost point of the Earth's axis
Magnet
The area of magnetic force around a magnet
Magnetism
the properties and interactions of magnets
24 terms
Circuits
the rate of flow of electrical charges
charges move ______ when connected to…
formula for Electric Current
Units for Electric Current
current
randomly
I=q/v... I=q/t
Amps
the rate of flow of electrical charges
current
charges move ______ when connected to…
randomly
13 terms
Circuits
Circuit
Conductor
Insulator
Voltage
Any complete path along which charge can flow
Material, usually a metal through which electric charge can f…
A material that is a poor conductor of electricity
measured in volts; potential difference
Circuit
Any complete path along which charge can flow
Conductor
Material, usually a metal through which electric charge can f…
5 terms
Circuits
Systemic circuit
Pulmonary circuit
Arteries
Systolic Number
Circuit of blood that carries blood between the heart and the…
circuit of blood flow that carries blood between the heart an…
Which is bigger?
On top, higher number, measure of the pressure when the ventr…
Systemic circuit
Circuit of blood that carries blood between the heart and the…
Pulmonary circuit
circuit of blood flow that carries blood between the heart an…
20 terms
circuits
current
metallic conduction
electrolytic conduction
insulators
is the movement of charge that occurs between two points that…
relies on uniform movement of free electrons in metallic bonds
relies on the ion concentration of a solution
are materials that do not conduct a current
current
is the movement of charge that occurs between two points that…
metallic conduction
relies on uniform movement of free electrons in metallic bonds
23 terms
Circuits
Series circuit
Parallel
Combination
Bettery, generator
Electrons have only one path to travel
Electrons have multiple paths to travel
Both series and parallel part
Provide a Voltage and produces excess electron
Series circuit
Electrons have only one path to travel
Parallel
Electrons have multiple paths to travel
8 terms
Circuits
mechanical power
C=RE
E=P x t
Q/Ee x 100%
energy transferred or work done per unit time
cost equation
Energy equation
% efficiency
mechanical power
energy transferred or work done per unit time
C=RE
cost equation
13 terms
Circuits
Electric current
Switch
Open Switch
Closed Switch
Complete path through which a charge can flow.
Show places where a circuit can be opened or closed.
Circuit is not a complete loop and current stops.
Circuit is a complete loop and current flows.
Electric current
Complete path through which a charge can flow.
Switch
Show places where a circuit can be opened or closed.
42 terms
Circuits
Charge
Current
Power
Energy
∫ i(t) dt ; "q"; Coulombs
derivative of charge
derivative of energy
∫ p(t) dt ; "w"; Joules
Charge
∫ i(t) dt ; "q"; Coulombs
Current
derivative of charge
28 terms
Circuits
Source
Load
Conductor
Switch
Where the electricity comes from battery photocell generator
Device that uses the current to do some type of work motor fa…
Material that lets the current flow must be attached to all p…
Lets you control the current on and off fast and slow
Source
Where the electricity comes from battery photocell generator
Load
Device that uses the current to do some type of work motor fa…
65 terms
Circuits
Kirchoffs Voltage Law
Kirchhoff Current Law
AC Power Factor
Conductance
Σ ΔV in closed loop = 0
Σ i @ Node = 0
Pavg=(Irms)(Vrms)Cos(φ) watts
G= I/V = 1/R = A / (ρL) Siemans
Kirchoffs Voltage Law
Σ ΔV in closed loop = 0
Kirchhoff Current Law
Σ i @ Node = 0
19 terms
Circuits
Current
Conservation of electrical charge (Kir…
Kirchhoff's loop rule
Resistance
Electrical current the flow of charge between two points at d…
At any point of junction in a circuit, the sum of currents di…
Is a consequence of the law of conservation of energy (only u…
R = ρL/A ... Where, ... ρ = resistivity (SI unit: ohm-meter, (Ω)(…
Current
Electrical current the flow of charge between two points at d…
Conservation of electrical charge (Kir…
At any point of junction in a circuit, the sum of currents di…
6 terms
Circuits
Current
Voltage (potential difference)
Resistance
Alternating current
The flow of charges (measured in amps [A] and [I].
The energy stored in an object. The push/force of electricity…
Measurement of how easily electricity flows along a certain p…
Current that flows back and forth a regular interval called a…
Current
The flow of charges (measured in amps [A] and [I].
Voltage (potential difference)
The energy stored in an object. The push/force of electricity…
31 terms
Circuits
Conductors of electrical current
Non-conductors of electrical current
Conduction in metals
Scientific model
Iron; Copper; Zinc; Aluminium; Graphite carbon; Steel
Glass; Wood; Plastic
Modelled as a fixed lattice of positive ions with a 'sea' of…
Simplified representation of a situation
Conductors of electrical current
Iron; Copper; Zinc; Aluminium; Graphite carbon; Steel
Non-conductors of electrical current
Glass; Wood; Plastic
29 terms
circuits
open circuit
closed circuit
circuit diagram
voltage
a circuit with a break in it; no electricity will flow.
electricity can flow through this.
a short-hand way of drawing electrical circuits.
pushes electricity through a circuit.
open circuit
a circuit with a break in it; no electricity will flow.
closed circuit
electricity can flow through this.
14 terms
Circuits
Electric Potential Energy
Voltage
Circuit
Current
potential energy (measured in joules) that results from conse…
electric potential energy per unit charge, measured in joules…
a path between two or more points along which an electrical c…
A flow of electric Charge.
Electric Potential Energy
potential energy (measured in joules) that results from conse…
Voltage
electric potential energy per unit charge, measured in joules…
10 terms
Circuits
circuit
closed circuit
current
electrical energy
path through which an electrical current flows.
an electrical path through which currents can flow in an unin…
a flow of electric charge.
energy from a power plant, battery, lightning, or electricity.
circuit
path through which an electrical current flows.
closed circuit
an electrical path through which currents can flow in an unin…
12 terms
Circuits
Circuits
Curewnt
Convention
Watwe
Flow of charge in closed loops
Moving charge, positive or negative
Positive charge carrier
Charge
Circuits
Flow of charge in closed loops
Curewnt
Moving charge, positive or negative
10 terms
circuits
Wire
Transformer
Closed
Open
This conductor connects all parts of the electrical circuit
This changes the electrical energy into something else...Like…
The only type of circuit electricity can travel through. It c…
A broken circuit in which electricity cannot flow.
Wire
This conductor connects all parts of the electrical circuit
Transformer
This changes the electrical energy into something else...Like…
16 terms
Circuits
Electric field
Magnetic field
Magnetic domain
Magnetic poles
A region around a charged particle which a force would be exe…
Region around a magnetic material
Region in which the magnetic fields of atoms are grouped toge…
A region of a magnet towards which the lines of magnetic sout…
Electric field
A region around a charged particle which a force would be exe…
Magnetic field
Region around a magnetic material
10 terms
circuits
source of electrical energy,conductor,…
Battery, solar cell,generator
This conductor connects all parts of t…
a buzzer can change electrical energy…
electrical energy
sources of electricalenergy
wire
transformer
source of electrical energy,conductor,…
electrical energy
Battery, solar cell,generator
sources of electricalenergy
10 terms
Circuits
Wire
Transformer
Closed
Open
It is one of the things that makes a electical circuit
It changes into something else like a alarm clock changes ele…
Electricity can pass through it
Electicity can not pass through it
Wire
It is one of the things that makes a electical circuit
Transformer
It changes into something else like a alarm clock changes ele…
53 terms
Circuits
voltage
current
resistance
conductance
difference in potential energy of charges. (energy per unit c…
rate of flow of charge ... I = Q/t
electrons collide with atoms, lose energy, which restricts mo…
ease of electron flow
voltage
difference in potential energy of charges. (energy per unit c…
current
rate of flow of charge ... I = Q/t
9 terms
Circuits
Battery
resistor
current
SI unit of battery
supplies voltage, pushes charge
resists the motion of charge
amount of charge per second
volts
Battery
supplies voltage, pushes charge
resistor
resists the motion of charge
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