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Study sets matching "city chapter 18"

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Study sets matching "city chapter 18"

53 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
American Protective Association
Immigration Restriction League
Central Park
Daniel Burnham
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned…
demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write befor…
An urban park in New York City that included tennis facilitie…
started the city beautiful movement
American Protective Association
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned…
Immigration Restriction League
demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write befor…
46 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the [American] City
assimilation
"City Beautiful" movement
Jacob Riis
tenements
great desire of many immigrant families; competed with desire…
included architects like Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Va…
Danish immigrant and New York reporter who shocked many middl…
slum dwellings, very overcrowded and unsanitary; led to high…
assimilation
great desire of many immigrant families; competed with desire…
"City Beautiful" movement
included architects like Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Va…
6 terms
Brinkley Chapter 18: The Age of the City
"New Immigrants"; "Old Immigrants"
Immigrant Ghettoes
Americanization
American Protective Association; Immig…
...
...
...
...
"New Immigrants"; "Old Immigrants"
...
Immigrant Ghettoes
...
64 terms
Chapter 18- Age of the City
Industrialization
urbanization
elevators
streetcars
The development of industries for the machine production of g…
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people liv…
proved valuable as cities came to depend on the construction…
above ground electric rail cars run in cities
Industrialization
The development of industries for the machine production of g…
urbanization
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people liv…
37 terms
Chapter 18: Age of the City
Factors explaining the growth of cities
Ethnic demographics of the cities.
Benefits of ethnic communities
Assimilation and its effect
Cities attracted people because it offered conveniences, ente…
Allowed gay men and lesbian women a space to build a culture.…
Diverse populations led to diverse neighborhoods, where ethni…
Many of the new migrants retained the dream of becoming "true…
Factors explaining the growth of cities
Cities attracted people because it offered conveniences, ente…
Ethnic demographics of the cities.
Allowed gay men and lesbian women a space to build a culture.…
19 terms
Chapter 18 Age of the City
Old Immigration
New Immigration
Nativism
Assimmilation
Immigrants from Northwest Europe arriving in the EARLY 1800s
The second major wave of immigration to the U.S.; betwen 1865…
An anti-foreign feeling that arose in the 1840's and 1850's i…
process by which people of one culture become part of another
Old Immigration
Immigrants from Northwest Europe arriving in the EARLY 1800s
New Immigration
The second major wave of immigration to the U.S.; betwen 1865…
64 terms
Chapter 18- Age of the City
Industrialization
urbanization
elevators
streetcars
The development of industries for the machine production of g…
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people liv…
proved valuable as cities came to depend on the construction…
above ground electric rail cars run in cities
Industrialization
The development of industries for the machine production of g…
urbanization
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people liv…
10 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Ashcan School
"City Beautiful" Movement
Darwinism
Jacob Riis
An art school where the members produced work startling in it…
To reconstruct cities: the movement aimed to impose a similar…
The most profound intellectual development in the nineteenth…
A Danish immigrant and New York newspaper reporter and photog…
Ashcan School
An art school where the members produced work startling in it…
"City Beautiful" Movement
To reconstruct cities: the movement aimed to impose a similar…
29 terms
chapter 18 age of the city
immigrant ghettoes
reform Judaism
immigration restriction league
Frederick law Olmstead
close-knit ethnic groups within the cities based in nationali…
Jewish sect; originated in Germany, effort to make Judaism le…
organization dedicated to screening immigrants using literacy…
the architect of Central Park that inspired many other leisur…
immigrant ghettoes
close-knit ethnic groups within the cities based in nationali…
reform Judaism
Jewish sect; originated in Germany, effort to make Judaism le…
16 terms
Chapter 18-The Age of the City
Urbanization
Immigrant Ghettos
Nativism
Urban Parks
Fueled primarily by the wave of immigrants from Europe and ot…
Each ethnic group found themselves living in close proximity…
As a response to the increased immigration in the 1840s, this…
Reflected the emergence of an "ordered vision" of urban growt…
Urbanization
Fueled primarily by the wave of immigrants from Europe and ot…
Immigrant Ghettos
Each ethnic group found themselves living in close proximity…
17 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Alice Hamilton
Armory Show
Ashcan school
"City beautiful" movement
A physician who exposed many dangerous substances such as lea…
1913 - The first art show in the U.S., organized by the Ashca…
Also known as The Eight, a group of American Naturalist paint…
Movement in environmental design that drew directly from the…
Alice Hamilton
A physician who exposed many dangerous substances such as lea…
Armory Show
1913 - The first art show in the U.S., organized by the Ashca…
49 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Nativism
City Planning
Frederick Law Olmsted
Central Park
o The arrival of so many new immigrants created culturally di…
o In the 18th and early 19th century, cities had generally gr…
o He was an American landscape architect, journalist, social…
o Olmsted and Vaux created Central Park to look as little lik…
Nativism
o The arrival of so many new immigrants created culturally di…
City Planning
o In the 18th and early 19th century, cities had generally gr…
17 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Alice Hamilton
Armory Snow
Ashcan School
"City Beautiful" Movement
Investigator for the US Bureau of Labor. Was a pioneer of ide…
An exposition of art at the Ashcan School, where they display…
School of painters who portrayed social realities of the era
Led by Daniel Burnham and inspired by the "Great White City,"…
Alice Hamilton
Investigator for the US Bureau of Labor. Was a pioneer of ide…
Armory Snow
An exposition of art at the Ashcan School, where they display…
61 terms
Chapter 18- "The Age of the City"
Industrialization
Urbanization
elevators
streetcars
- a process in which a society transforms itself from a prima…
- a population shift from rural to urban areas ... - towns and c…
-proved valuable as cities came to depend on the construction…
- passenger vehicles that ran on rails and were pulled by mul…
Industrialization
- a process in which a society transforms itself from a prima…
Urbanization
- a population shift from rural to urban areas ... - towns and c…
51 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
American Protective Association
Immigration Restriction League
Central Park
Daniel Burnham
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned…
demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write befor…
An urban park in New York City that included tennis facilitie…
started the city beautiful movement
American Protective Association
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned…
Immigration Restriction League
demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write befor…
28 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Alice Hamilton
the Public Health Service
Armory Show
Ashcan School
An investigator for the US Bureau of Labor, she was pioneer i…
Founded in 1912, meant to keep occupational diseases from spr…
A famous and controversial art show staged by the Aschan Scho…
Turned against the traditional American art style of the time…
Alice Hamilton
An investigator for the US Bureau of Labor, she was pioneer i…
the Public Health Service
Founded in 1912, meant to keep occupational diseases from spr…
30 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Alice Hamilton
Armory Show
Ashcan School
Assimilation
Alice Hamilton was an expert in occupational health. She was…
The Armory Show was an international art show held in a New Y…
The Ashcan School was a group of American painters of the ear…
Many immigrants felt pressure to assimilate, fully conform to…
Alice Hamilton
Alice Hamilton was an expert in occupational health. She was…
Armory Show
The Armory Show was an international art show held in a New Y…
40 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
new immigrants
American Protective Association
Literacy Tests
xenophobia
people from eastern europe came to new york, asians went to a…
founded in 1887 by Henry Bowers, a nativist group that highly…
test that immigrants/citizens had to pass in order to vote, m…
fear/dislike of immigrants coming into the united states
new immigrants
people from eastern europe came to new york, asians went to a…
American Protective Association
founded in 1887 by Henry Bowers, a nativist group that highly…
42 terms
Chapter 18 - The Age of the City
Growth of Cities
New Immigrants
Assimilation
Nativism
Urban population increased sevenfold grew by 700%
By the 1890s, most of the immigrants came from Southern and e…
Most of the immigrants worked to become Americanized
Some of the Americans blamed the disorder and corruption of t…
Growth of Cities
Urban population increased sevenfold grew by 700%
New Immigrants
By the 1890s, most of the immigrants came from Southern and e…
11 terms
Chapter 18 - The Age of the City
Urbanization
Black Migration
Americanization
Nativism
The rapid growth of cities.
African Americans (especially women) began to migrate towards…
Practiced by many new immigrants who hoped to fully assimilat…
In response to Americanism, many Americans felt that the new…
Urbanization
The rapid growth of cities.
Black Migration
African Americans (especially women) began to migrate towards…
42 terms
Chapter 18 - The Age of the City
growth of the cities
new immigrants
assimilation
nativism
urban population increased sevenfold. grew by 700%
by the 1890s most of the immigrants came from southern and ea…
most of the immigrants worked to become Americanized
some of the americans blamed the disorder and the corruption…
growth of the cities
urban population increased sevenfold. grew by 700%
new immigrants
by the 1890s most of the immigrants came from southern and ea…
45 terms
Chapter 18 : The Age of the City
1920 Census
New Immigrants
Ethnic communities cities
Henry Bowers
revealed that a majority of the American people lived in urba…
Canadians, Mexicans, Latinos (coming from Latin America), Chi…
neighborhoods were often called immigrant ghettoes that attem…
founded the American Protective Association (APA) in 1887 whe…
1920 Census
revealed that a majority of the American people lived in urba…
New Immigrants
Canadians, Mexicans, Latinos (coming from Latin America), Chi…
14 terms
chapter 18 the age of the city
immigrant ghettos
Henry Bowers
American protective association
immigration restriction league
Some immigrant groups formed close communities within the cit…
self-educated lawyer founded the American Protective Associat…
a group committed to stopping immigration
5 alumni from Harvard in Boston founded a genteel organizatio…
immigrant ghettos
Some immigrant groups formed close communities within the cit…
Henry Bowers
self-educated lawyer founded the American Protective Associat…
10 terms
Chapter 18: the age of the city
Ashcan School
"City Beautiful" Movement
Darwinism
Jacob Riis
Also known as The Eight, a group of American Naturalist paint…
Movement in environmental design that drew directly from the…
The doctrine that natural selection has been the prime cause…
A Danish immigrant, he became a reporter who pointed out the…
Ashcan School
Also known as The Eight, a group of American Naturalist paint…
"City Beautiful" Movement
Movement in environmental design that drew directly from the…
53 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
American Protective Association
Immigration Restriction League
Central Park
Daniel Burnham
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned…
demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write befor…
An urban park in New York City that included tennis facilitie…
started the city beautiful movement
American Protective Association
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned…
Immigration Restriction League
demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write befor…
34 terms
Chapter 18 - The Age of the City
Immigration... p. 453
migration... p. 454
The Ethnic City... p. 455-7
Assimilation and Exclusion... p. 457-8
immigrants were coming w/o money or education --> went to wor…
agriculture of the west is "dying out" (Turner's Thesis) ... --…
many different ethnicities (many from rural areas) -- huddle…
shared immigrant experience -- living in cities & young... - had…
Immigration... p. 453
immigrants were coming w/o money or education --> went to wor…
migration... p. 454
agriculture of the west is "dying out" (Turner's Thesis) ... --…
32 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
New immigrants
Immigrant ghettoes
Assimilation
American Protective Association
the most important source of growth to American cities in the…
close-knit ethnic groups within the cities based in nationali…
when immigrants are absorbed into the new society and culture
organization created in 1887 by Henry Bowers that was committ…
New immigrants
the most important source of growth to American cities in the…
Immigrant ghettoes
close-knit ethnic groups within the cities based in nationali…
12 terms
Chapter 18- The Age of the City
Urban Parks
Tenement
The Machine and the Boss
William Tweed
Set up by Frederick Olmstead; was a solution to congestion an…
Overcrowded slum dwellings
Newly arrived immigrants sought assistance from political mac…
Enriched by machines b/c of graft and corruption from contrac…
Urban Parks
Set up by Frederick Olmstead; was a solution to congestion an…
Tenement
Overcrowded slum dwellings
124 terms
Chapter 18- The Age of the City
Europeans
1) political strife... 2) revolutions... 3)…
Ellis Island
Five Points
over 30 million __________ migrated to the United States from…
What are the reasons Europeans left Europe from the 1870s-192…
most European immigrants would arrive and be processed throug…
neighborhood of New York City that included Irish immigrants,…
Europeans
over 30 million __________ migrated to the United States from…
1) political strife... 2) revolutions... 3)…
What are the reasons Europeans left Europe from the 1870s-192…
31 terms
Chapter 18 - The Age of the City
Suburb
Urban
Immigrant ghettoes
Reform Judaism
an outlying district of a city, esp. a residential one
in relating to, or characteristic of, a city or town
sect of a city with one predominant ethnicity
abandoned Orthodox aspects of Judaism to adapt to modern poli…
Suburb
an outlying district of a city, esp. a residential one
Urban
in relating to, or characteristic of, a city or town
124 terms
Chapter 18- The Age of the City
Europeans
1) political strife... 2) revolutions... 3)…
Ellis Island
Five Points
over 30 million __________ migrated to the United States from…
What are the reasons Europeans left Europe from the 1870s-192…
most European immigrants would arrive and be processed throug…
neighborhood of New York City that included Irish immigrants,…
Europeans
over 30 million __________ migrated to the United States from…
1) political strife... 2) revolutions... 3)…
What are the reasons Europeans left Europe from the 1870s-192…
44 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the [American] City
assimilation
"City Beautiful" movement
Jacob Riis
tenements
great desire of many immigrant families; competed with desire…
included architects like Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Va…
Danish immigrant and New York reporter who shocked many middl…
slum dwellings, very overcrowded and unsanitary; led to high…
assimilation
great desire of many immigrant families; competed with desire…
"City Beautiful" movement
included architects like Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Va…
61 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
What was apparent from the 1920 census?
Why were more people living in the cit…
What are the new forms of transporation?
What led to a decrease in a need for f…
For the first time ever, more people were living in cities th…
Better-paying jobs, entertainment, cultural experiences
Railroads, ocean liners
Mechanized farming
What was apparent from the 1920 census?
For the first time ever, more people were living in cities th…
Why were more people living in the cit…
Better-paying jobs, entertainment, cultural experiences
61 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Who emigrated to the US?
What was the Five Points of NYC and wh…
When was the Japanese immigration boom?
Where did Asians enter the US?
Over 30 million Europeans migrated to US from 1836 - 1914. Mo…
Irish Immigrants, African Americans, Anglo, Italian, and Jewi…
In 1884 the Japanese government allowed Hawaiian planters to…
Angel Island in San Francisco
Who emigrated to the US?
Over 30 million Europeans migrated to US from 1836 - 1914. Mo…
What was the Five Points of NYC and wh…
Irish Immigrants, African Americans, Anglo, Italian, and Jewi…
9 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
How was assimilation encouraged in ind…
Henry Bowers
American Protective Association
Immigration Restriction League
Teaching kids in english, insisting that immigrants speak eng…
Founded the American Protective Association
a group committed to stopping immigration.
Founded in Boston by Harvard alumni, proposed screening immig…
How was assimilation encouraged in ind…
Teaching kids in english, insisting that immigrants speak eng…
Henry Bowers
Founded the American Protective Association
17 terms
Chapter 18: City Life Terms
Alice Hamilton
Armory Show
Ashcan School
"City Beautiful" Movement
Investigator for the Bureau of Labor, air/water pollution, an…
International art show held in a New York City armory in 1913…
Expressed social realities of the era and the grim aspects of…
lead by "Great White" architect, Burnham, imposed similar ord…
Alice Hamilton
Investigator for the Bureau of Labor, air/water pollution, an…
Armory Show
International art show held in a New York City armory in 1913…
20 terms
Chapter 18- The Age of the City
Why did people leave urban areas and i…
How did these immigrants differ from t…
What institutions helped immigrants ad…
Explain the assimilation of 1st and 2n…
Urban population grew seven fold during this time. City popul…
Immigrants began to form "immigrant ghettos" to help each oth…
"immigrant ghettos" helped immigrants adjust as it kept nativ…
Negative attitudes and actions. Required to speak English in…
Why did people leave urban areas and i…
Urban population grew seven fold during this time. City popul…
How did these immigrants differ from t…
Immigrants began to form "immigrant ghettos" to help each oth…
16 terms
Chapter 18: Age of the City
Great Black Migration
"Old Immigrants"
"New Immigrants"
American Protective Association
-term used to describe when many Southern blacks moved to Nor…
-immigrants from England, Scotland, Ireland, Germany
-immigrants from Poland, Russia, Greece, Italy
-fierce nativist organization... -founded by Henry Bowers
Great Black Migration
-term used to describe when many Southern blacks moved to Nor…
"Old Immigrants"
-immigrants from England, Scotland, Ireland, Germany
29 terms
Chapter 18: the Age of the City
Immigrant Ghettoes
Reform Judaism
American Protective Association/ Immig…
Frederick Law Olmstead
Ethnic communities, formed within cities; attempted to recrea…
Jewish sect; originated in Germany, effort to make Judaism le…
APA: formed by Henry Bowers, committed to eliminating immigra…
Landscape designed; planned Central Park with Calvert Vaux
Immigrant Ghettoes
Ethnic communities, formed within cities; attempted to recrea…
Reform Judaism
Jewish sect; originated in Germany, effort to make Judaism le…
48 terms
Brinkley chapter 18: Age of the City
Immigrant ghettos
American Protective Association
Bowers
Immigration Restriction League
The location where immigrants settled when theyncame to the u…
The association started by Bowers that wished to stop immigra…
The man who started the American Protective Association
An association in the USA who enforced literary tests for imm…
Immigrant ghettos
The location where immigrants settled when theyncame to the u…
American Protective Association
The association started by Bowers that wished to stop immigra…
18 terms
apush chapter 18: age of city
american protective association
grover cleveland
alice hamilton
public health service
1887: founded by henry bowers. Aimed to scree/reduce immigran…
president who vetoed literacy requirement; anti-immigrant mea…
physician who looked to identify and correct pollution in wor…
1912: federal agency that created factory health standards to…
american protective association
1887: founded by henry bowers. Aimed to scree/reduce immigran…
grover cleveland
president who vetoed literacy requirement; anti-immigrant mea…
16 terms
Chapter 18 Industry and Cities
Gilded Age
Vertical Integration
Horizontal Integration
Trusts
late 19th century America that refers to the worship/ display…
all functions related to a particular industry
the merger of competitors in the same industry
a combination of corporations cooperating in order to reduce…
Gilded Age
late 19th century America that refers to the worship/ display…
Vertical Integration
all functions related to a particular industry
28 terms
Chapter 18: The Emergence of Cities
1920 census revealed
Urban families experienced
Most important source of urban populat…
By 1890 most of the population in some…
a majority of Americans lived in urban areas of communities o…
high rate of infant mortality, a declining fertility rate, an…
arrival of new immigrants
foreign born immigrants and their children
1920 census revealed
a majority of Americans lived in urban areas of communities o…
Urban families experienced
high rate of infant mortality, a declining fertility rate, an…
39 terms
APUSH Chapter 18: Age of the City
"new immigrants"*
American Protective Association
Central Park
"City beautiful" movement
- Included some from Canada, Latin America, and China and Jap…
- A nativist group (of about 500,000 people) committed to sto…
- Built as an escape from the strains of urban life... - A space…
- Led by Daniel Burnham and inspired by the "Great White City…
"new immigrants"*
- Included some from Canada, Latin America, and China and Jap…
American Protective Association
- A nativist group (of about 500,000 people) committed to sto…
8 terms
apush chapter 18: the age of the city
American Protective Association
chicago and boston great fires
Alice Hamilton/US Bureau of Labor
professional police forces
nativist group in response to increased immigration, resent j…
1871, encourages development of ireproof buildings and fire d…
documented how polluted workplaces led to widespread sickness
made due to high rates of urban AND rural (lynchings) crime a…
American Protective Association
nativist group in response to increased immigration, resent j…
chicago and boston great fires
1871, encourages development of ireproof buildings and fire d…
40 terms
APUSH Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Attractions of urban growth
Sources of urban growth
New immigrants
Immigrant ghettos
1. economic and educational opportunities... 2. boredom of rural…
Internal immigration:... - young women wanted work (farm became…
Most were southern European (Italy, Greece, Russian Jews, Arm…
National groups formed tight knit ethnic communities to ease…
Attractions of urban growth
1. economic and educational opportunities... 2. boredom of rural…
Sources of urban growth
Internal immigration:... - young women wanted work (farm became…
29 terms
APUSH Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Alice Hamilton
Armory Show
Ashcan School
Assimilation
-a physician who became an investigator for the US Bureau of…
-staged by the Ashcan School, and displayed works of French p…
-members produced work startling in its naturalism and stark…
-immigrants tried to rid themselves of all vestiges of their…
Alice Hamilton
-a physician who became an investigator for the US Bureau of…
Armory Show
-staged by the Ashcan School, and displayed works of French p…
72 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of The City APUSH
Rapid Urban Growth
Geographic Mobility
African-American Communities
The Diverse American City
-Increased sevenfold in 50 years after Civil War... -Due to Immi…
-People left eastern agricultural regions for western farmlan…
-Black women found jobs easier than black men... -Men worked as…
-Immigrants were rural so they formed immigrant ghettos to ad…
Rapid Urban Growth
-Increased sevenfold in 50 years after Civil War... -Due to Immi…
Geographic Mobility
-People left eastern agricultural regions for western farmlan…
34 terms
APUSH Chapter 18: The Age of the City
1920
moving to cities
new immigration 1880-1920
assimilation
first time ever: more people were living in cities than rural…
-better paying jobs... -entertainment... -cultural expereicnes... -new…
-southern and eastern europe- poland, italy... -moved to cities…
-process of becoming American... -2nd generation immigrants were…
1920
first time ever: more people were living in cities than rural…
moving to cities
-better paying jobs... -entertainment... -cultural expereicnes... -new…
28 terms
APUSH Chapter 18: The Age of the City
urbanization
push and pull factors
assimilation
American Protective Association
process of people moving to cities in early 1900s, it fueled…
-push: what makes people want to leave their homeland (religi…
immigrants conforming to different American customs --> Ameri…
organization created by nativists (1888), wanted to restrict…
urbanization
process of people moving to cities in early 1900s, it fueled…
push and pull factors
-push: what makes people want to leave their homeland (religi…
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