Study sets matching "city chapter 18"

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Study sets matching "city chapter 18"

53 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
American Protective Association
Immigration Restriction League
Central Park
Daniel Burnham
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned…
demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write befor…
An urban park in New York City that included tennis facilitie…
started the city beautiful movement
American Protective Association
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned…
Immigration Restriction League
demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write befor…
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
"City Beautiful" Movement
D.W. Griffith
Jacob Riis
Tammany Hall
...
...
...
...
"City Beautiful" Movement
...
D.W. Griffith
...
61 terms
Chapter 18- "The Age of the City"
Industrialization
Urbanization
elevators
streetcars
- a process in which a society transforms itself from a prima…
- a population shift from rural to urban areas ... - towns and c…
-proved valuable as cities came to depend on the construction…
- passenger vehicles that ran on rails and were pulled by mul…
Industrialization
- a process in which a society transforms itself from a prima…
Urbanization
- a population shift from rural to urban areas ... - towns and c…
49 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Nativism
City Planning
Frederick Law Olmsted
Central Park
o The arrival of so many new immigrants created culturally di…
o In the 18th and early 19th century, cities had generally gr…
o He was an American landscape architect, journalist, social…
o Olmsted and Vaux created Central Park to look as little lik…
Nativism
o The arrival of so many new immigrants created culturally di…
City Planning
o In the 18th and early 19th century, cities had generally gr…
7 terms
City of Ember Chapter 18 - 20
Catastrophes
Fretful
Refugees
Unhurriedly
A disaster
Troubled, grouchy
People who flee for safety
Calm, patient, not in a hurry
Catastrophes
A disaster
Fretful
Troubled, grouchy
46 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the [American] City
assimilation
"City Beautiful" movement
Jacob Riis
tenements
great desire of many immigrant families; competed with desire…
included architects like Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Va…
Danish immigrant and New York reporter who shocked many middl…
slum dwellings, very overcrowded and unsanitary; led to high…
assimilation
great desire of many immigrant families; competed with desire…
"City Beautiful" movement
included architects like Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Va…
23 terms
the age of the city (chapter 18)
nativism
immigration restriction league
Frederick Law Olmstead and Calvert Vaux
"streetcar suburbs"
-arrival of immigrants provoked fear and resentment among som…
1894... -dedicated to the belief that immigrants should be scree…
-landscape designers... -teamed with one another in late 1850s t…
-a residential community whose growth and development was str…
nativism
-arrival of immigrants provoked fear and resentment among som…
immigration restriction league
1894... -dedicated to the belief that immigrants should be scree…
64 terms
Chapter 18- Age of the City
Industrialization
urbanization
elevators
streetcars
The development of industries for the machine production of g…
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people liv…
proved valuable as cities came to depend on the construction…
above ground electric rail cars run in cities
Industrialization
The development of industries for the machine production of g…
urbanization
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people liv…
19 terms
Chapter 18 Age of the City
Old Immigration
New Immigration
Nativism
Assimmilation
Immigrants from Northwest Europe arriving in the EARLY 1800s
The second major wave of immigration to the U.S.; betwen 1865…
An anti-foreign feeling that arose in the 1840's and 1850's i…
process by which people of one culture become part of another
Old Immigration
Immigrants from Northwest Europe arriving in the EARLY 1800s
New Immigration
The second major wave of immigration to the U.S.; betwen 1865…
64 terms
Chapter 18- Age of the City
Industrialization
urbanization
elevators
streetcars
The development of industries for the machine production of g…
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people liv…
proved valuable as cities came to depend on the construction…
above ground electric rail cars run in cities
Industrialization
The development of industries for the machine production of g…
urbanization
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people liv…
29 terms
chapter 18 age of the city
immigrant ghettoes
reform Judaism
immigration restriction league
Frederick law Olmstead
close-knit ethnic groups within the cities based in nationali…
Jewish sect; originated in Germany, effort to make Judaism le…
organization dedicated to screening immigrants using literacy…
the architect of Central Park that inspired many other leisur…
immigrant ghettoes
close-knit ethnic groups within the cities based in nationali…
reform Judaism
Jewish sect; originated in Germany, effort to make Judaism le…
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
1920 Census
Immigration
Immigration (Diversity)
Immigration (Americanization)
~ The urban population of American increased sevenfold in the…
~ Without immigration, cities would have grown slowly, if at…
~ Some came from Canada, Mexico, Latin America, and particula…
~ In virtually all communities of foreign-born immigrants, th…
1920 Census
~ The urban population of American increased sevenfold in the…
Immigration
~ Without immigration, cities would have grown slowly, if at…
45 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
rapid urban growth
geographic mobility
new immigration
immigrant ghettos
The urban population of America increased 7x in the 50 years…
Americans were leaving the declining agricultural regions of…
Some immigrants included women (farming was becoming increasi…
Closely knit ethnic communities. Often combined American cult…
rapid urban growth
The urban population of America increased 7x in the 50 years…
geographic mobility
Americans were leaving the declining agricultural regions of…
16 terms
Chapter 18-The Age of the City
Urbanization
Immigrant Ghettos
Nativism
Urban Parks
Fueled primarily by the wave of immigrants from Europe and ot…
Each ethnic group found themselves living in close proximity…
As a response to the increased immigration in the 1840s, this…
Reflected the emergence of an "ordered vision" of urban growt…
Urbanization
Fueled primarily by the wave of immigrants from Europe and ot…
Immigrant Ghettos
Each ethnic group found themselves living in close proximity…
20 terms
Chapter 18 - The Age of the City
Boss Tweed
"Immigrant Ghettos"
Political Machine
Tenements
William Tweed, head of Tammany Hall, NYC's powerful democrati…
Established immigrant communities, but by the second or third…
Political entities controlled by a boss that wielded enormous…
A form of slum often in the middle of cities, found most ofte…
Boss Tweed
William Tweed, head of Tammany Hall, NYC's powerful democrati…
"Immigrant Ghettos"
Established immigrant communities, but by the second or third…
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
1920 Census
Immigration
Immigration (Diversity)
Immigration (Americanization)
~ The urban population of American increased sevenfold in the…
~ Without immigration, cities would have grown slowly, if at…
~ Some came from Canada, Mexico, Latin America, and particula…
~ In virtually all communities of foreign-born immigrants, th…
1920 Census
~ The urban population of American increased sevenfold in the…
Immigration
~ Without immigration, cities would have grown slowly, if at…
16 terms
Chapter 18 The Age of the City
Northern and Western Europe. (Irish, G…
Eastern and Southern Europe
Assimilation
Exclusion/Nativism
In the 1880's, which countries had immigration come to the U.…
After the 1880's, which countries had "new" immigration come…
The process of converting and conforming to customs and attit…
The policy that was first introduced by the Know-Nothing Part…
Northern and Western Europe. (Irish, G…
In the 1880's, which countries had immigration come to the U.…
Eastern and Southern Europe
After the 1880's, which countries had "new" immigration come…
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Alice Hamilton
Armory Show
Ashcan School
Assimilation
Alice Hamilton was an expert in occupational health. She was…
The Armory Show was an international art show held in a New Y…
The Ashcan School was a group of American painters of the ear…
Many immigrants felt pressure to assimilate, fully conform to…
Alice Hamilton
Alice Hamilton was an expert in occupational health. She was…
Armory Show
The Armory Show was an international art show held in a New Y…
42 terms
Chapter 18 - The Age of the City
Growth of Cities
New Immigrants
Assimilation
Nativism
Urban population increased sevenfold grew by 700%
By the 1890s, most of the immigrants came from Southern and e…
Most of the immigrants worked to become Americanized
Some of the Americans blamed the disorder and corruption of t…
Growth of Cities
Urban population increased sevenfold grew by 700%
New Immigrants
By the 1890s, most of the immigrants came from Southern and e…
Chapter 18 - The Age of the City
growth of the cities
new immigrants
assimilation
nativism
urban population increased sevenfold. grew by 700%
by the 1890s most of the immigrants came from southern and ea…
most of the immigrants worked to become Americanized
some of the americans blamed the disorder and the corruption…
growth of the cities
urban population increased sevenfold. grew by 700%
new immigrants
by the 1890s most of the immigrants came from southern and ea…
7 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
"City Beautiful" Movement
Alice Hamilton
Tammy Hall
William M. Tweed
A movement lead by Daniel Burnham. The movement aimed to impo…
A pioneer in the identification of pollution in the workplace…
AKA "honest graft"
The most famously corrupt city boss. His excesses finally lan…
"City Beautiful" Movement
A movement lead by Daniel Burnham. The movement aimed to impo…
Alice Hamilton
A pioneer in the identification of pollution in the workplace…
45 terms
Chapter 18 : The Age of the City
1920 Census
New Immigrants
Ethnic communities cities
Henry Bowers
revealed that a majority of the American people lived in urba…
Canadians, Mexicans, Latinos (coming from Latin America), Chi…
neighborhoods were often called immigrant ghettoes that attem…
founded the American Protective Association (APA) in 1887 whe…
1920 Census
revealed that a majority of the American people lived in urba…
New Immigrants
Canadians, Mexicans, Latinos (coming from Latin America), Chi…
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
New immigrants
Immigrant ghettoes
Assimilation
American Protective Association
the most important source of growth to American cities in the…
close-knit ethnic groups within the cities based in nationali…
when immigrants are absorbed into the new society and culture
organization created in 1887 by Henry Bowers that was committ…
New immigrants
the most important source of growth to American cities in the…
Immigrant ghettoes
close-knit ethnic groups within the cities based in nationali…
10 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Ashcan School
"City Beautiful" Movement
Darwinism
Jacob Riis
An art school where the members produced work startling in it…
To reconstruct cities: the movement aimed to impose a similar…
The most profound intellectual development in the nineteenth…
A Danish immigrant and New York newspaper reporter and photog…
Ashcan School
An art school where the members produced work startling in it…
"City Beautiful" Movement
To reconstruct cities: the movement aimed to impose a similar…
12 terms
Chapter 18- The Age of the City
Urban Parks
Tenement
The Machine and the Boss
William Tweed
Set up by Frederick Olmstead; was a solution to congestion an…
Overcrowded slum dwellings
Newly arrived immigrants sought assistance from political mac…
Enriched by machines b/c of graft and corruption from contrac…
Urban Parks
Set up by Frederick Olmstead; was a solution to congestion an…
Tenement
Overcrowded slum dwellings
31 terms
Chapter 18 - The Age of the City
Suburb
Urban
Immigrant ghettoes
Reform Judaism
an outlying district of a city, esp. a residential one
in relating to, or characteristic of, a city or town
sect of a city with one predominant ethnicity
abandoned Orthodox aspects of Judaism to adapt to modern poli…
Suburb
an outlying district of a city, esp. a residential one
Urban
in relating to, or characteristic of, a city or town
16 terms
Chapter 18-The Age of the City
Urbanization
Immigrant Ghettos
Nativism
Urban Parks
Fueled primarily by the wave of immigrants from Europe and ot…
Each ethnic group found themselves living in close proximity…
As a response to the increased immigration in the 1840s, this…
Reflected the emergence of an "ordered vision" of urban growt…
Urbanization
Fueled primarily by the wave of immigrants from Europe and ot…
Immigrant Ghettos
Each ethnic group found themselves living in close proximity…
17 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Alice Hamilton
Armory Show
Ashcan school
"City beautiful" movement
A physician who exposed many dangerous substances such as lea…
1913 - The first art show in the U.S., organized by the Ashca…
Also known as The Eight, a group of American Naturalist paint…
Movement in environmental design that drew directly from the…
Alice Hamilton
A physician who exposed many dangerous substances such as lea…
Armory Show
1913 - The first art show in the U.S., organized by the Ashca…
10 terms
Chapter 18: the age of the city
Ashcan School
"City Beautiful" Movement
Darwinism
Jacob Riis
Also known as The Eight, a group of American Naturalist paint…
Movement in environmental design that drew directly from the…
The doctrine that natural selection has been the prime cause…
A Danish immigrant, he became a reporter who pointed out the…
Ashcan School
Also known as The Eight, a group of American Naturalist paint…
"City Beautiful" Movement
Movement in environmental design that drew directly from the…
28 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Alice Hamilton
the Public Health Service
Armory Show
Ashcan School
An investigator for the US Bureau of Labor, she was pioneer i…
Founded in 1912, meant to keep occupational diseases from spr…
A famous and controversial art show staged by the Aschan Scho…
Turned against the traditional American art style of the time…
Alice Hamilton
An investigator for the US Bureau of Labor, she was pioneer i…
the Public Health Service
Founded in 1912, meant to keep occupational diseases from spr…
17 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Alice Hamilton
Armory Snow
Ashcan School
"City Beautiful" Movement
Investigator for the US Bureau of Labor. Was a pioneer of ide…
An exposition of art at the Ashcan School, where they display…
School of painters who portrayed social realities of the era
Led by Daniel Burnham and inspired by the "Great White City,"…
Alice Hamilton
Investigator for the US Bureau of Labor. Was a pioneer of ide…
Armory Snow
An exposition of art at the Ashcan School, where they display…
14 terms
chapter 18 the age of the city
immigrant ghettos
Henry Bowers
American protective association
immigration restriction league
Some immigrant groups formed close communities within the cit…
self-educated lawyer founded the American Protective Associat…
a group committed to stopping immigration
5 alumni from Harvard in Boston founded a genteel organizatio…
immigrant ghettos
Some immigrant groups formed close communities within the cit…
Henry Bowers
self-educated lawyer founded the American Protective Associat…
34 terms
Chapter 18 - The Age of the City
Immigration... p. 453
migration... p. 454
The Ethnic City... p. 455-7
Assimilation and Exclusion... p. 457-8
immigrants were coming w/o money or education --> went to wor…
agriculture of the west is "dying out" (Turner's Thesis) ... --…
many different ethnicities (many from rural areas) -- huddle…
shared immigrant experience -- living in cities & young... - had…
Immigration... p. 453
immigrants were coming w/o money or education --> went to wor…
migration... p. 454
agriculture of the west is "dying out" (Turner's Thesis) ... --…
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
American Protective Association
Immigration Restriction League
Central Park
Daniel Burnham
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned…
demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write befor…
An urban park in New York City that included tennis facilitie…
started the city beautiful movement
American Protective Association
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned…
Immigration Restriction League
demanded all immigrants prove they could read and write befor…
Chapter 18- The Age of the City
Europeans
1) political strife... 2) revolutions... 3)…
Ellis Island
Five Points
over 30 million __________ migrated to the United States from…
What are the reasons Europeans left Europe from the 1870s-192…
most European immigrants would arrive and be processed throug…
neighborhood of New York City that included Irish immigrants,…
Europeans
over 30 million __________ migrated to the United States from…
1) political strife... 2) revolutions... 3)…
What are the reasons Europeans left Europe from the 1870s-192…
124 terms
Chapter 18- The Age of the City
Europeans
1) political strife... 2) revolutions... 3)…
Ellis Island
Five Points
over 30 million __________ migrated to the United States from…
What are the reasons Europeans left Europe from the 1870s-192…
most European immigrants would arrive and be processed throug…
neighborhood of New York City that included Irish immigrants,…
Europeans
over 30 million __________ migrated to the United States from…
1) political strife... 2) revolutions... 3)…
What are the reasons Europeans left Europe from the 1870s-192…
40 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
new immigrants
American Protective Association
Literacy Tests
xenophobia
people from eastern europe came to new york, asians went to a…
founded in 1887 by Henry Bowers, a nativist group that highly…
test that immigrants/citizens had to pass in order to vote, m…
fear/dislike of immigrants coming into the united states
new immigrants
people from eastern europe came to new york, asians went to a…
American Protective Association
founded in 1887 by Henry Bowers, a nativist group that highly…
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Alice Hamilton
Armory Snow
Ashcan School
"City Beautiful" Movement
Investigator for the US Bureau of Labor. Was a pioneer of ide…
An exposition of art at the Ashcan School, where they display…
School of painters who portrayed social realities of the era
Led by Daniel Burnham and inspired by the "Great White City,"…
Alice Hamilton
Investigator for the US Bureau of Labor. Was a pioneer of ide…
Armory Snow
An exposition of art at the Ashcan School, where they display…
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
How was assimilation encouraged in ind…
Henry Bowers
American Protective Association
Immigration Restriction League
Teaching kids in english, insisting that immigrants speak eng…
Founded the American Protective Association
a group committed to stopping immigration.
Founded in Boston by Harvard alumni, proposed screening immig…
How was assimilation encouraged in ind…
Teaching kids in english, insisting that immigrants speak eng…
Henry Bowers
Founded the American Protective Association
17 terms
Chapter 18: City Life Terms
Alice Hamilton
Armory Show
Ashcan School
"City Beautiful" Movement
Investigator for the Bureau of Labor, air/water pollution, an…
International art show held in a New York City armory in 1913…
Expressed social realities of the era and the grim aspects of…
lead by "Great White" architect, Burnham, imposed similar ord…
Alice Hamilton
Investigator for the Bureau of Labor, air/water pollution, an…
Armory Show
International art show held in a New York City armory in 1913…
20 terms
Chapter 18- The Age of the City
Why did people leave urban areas and i…
How did these immigrants differ from t…
What institutions helped immigrants ad…
Explain the assimilation of 1st and 2n…
Urban population grew seven fold during this time. City popul…
Immigrants began to form "immigrant ghettos" to help each oth…
"immigrant ghettos" helped immigrants adjust as it kept nativ…
Negative attitudes and actions. Required to speak English in…
Why did people leave urban areas and i…
Urban population grew seven fold during this time. City popul…
How did these immigrants differ from t…
Immigrants began to form "immigrant ghettos" to help each oth…
61 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
What was apparent from the 1920 census?
Why were more people living in the cit…
What are the new forms of transporation?
What led to a decrease in a need for f…
For the first time ever, more people were living in cities th…
Better-paying jobs, entertainment, cultural experiences
Railroads, ocean liners
Mechanized farming
What was apparent from the 1920 census?
For the first time ever, more people were living in cities th…
Why were more people living in the cit…
Better-paying jobs, entertainment, cultural experiences
61 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Who emigrated to the US?
What was the Five Points of NYC and wh…
When was the Japanese immigration boom?
Where did Asians enter the US?
Over 30 million Europeans migrated to US from 1836 - 1914. Mo…
Irish Immigrants, African Americans, Anglo, Italian, and Jewi…
In 1884 the Japanese government allowed Hawaiian planters to…
Angel Island in San Francisco
Who emigrated to the US?
Over 30 million Europeans migrated to US from 1836 - 1914. Mo…
What was the Five Points of NYC and wh…
Irish Immigrants, African Americans, Anglo, Italian, and Jewi…
44 terms
Chapter 18: The Age of the [American] City
assimilation
"City Beautiful" movement
Jacob Riis
tenements
great desire of many immigrant families; competed with desire…
included architects like Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Va…
Danish immigrant and New York reporter who shocked many middl…
slum dwellings, very overcrowded and unsanitary; led to high…
assimilation
great desire of many immigrant families; competed with desire…
"City Beautiful" movement
included architects like Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Va…
Chapter 18: The Age of the City
Assimilation
"City Beautiful" Movement
Jacob Riis
Mass Transit
Urge for THIS caused tensions between men and women immigrant…
Some American cities began building new and impressive buildi…
Danish immigrant; New York newspaper reporter and photographe…
New forms of THIS emerged because of higher populations and p…
Assimilation
Urge for THIS caused tensions between men and women immigrant…
"City Beautiful" Movement
Some American cities began building new and impressive buildi…
16 terms
Chapter 18: Age of the City
Great Black Migration
"Old Immigrants"
"New Immigrants"
American Protective Association
-term used to describe when many Southern blacks moved to Nor…
-immigrants from England, Scotland, Ireland, Germany
-immigrants from Poland, Russia, Greece, Italy
-fierce nativist organization... -founded by Henry Bowers
Great Black Migration
-term used to describe when many Southern blacks moved to Nor…
"Old Immigrants"
-immigrants from England, Scotland, Ireland, Germany
29 terms
Chapter 18: the Age of the City
Immigrant Ghettoes
Reform Judaism
American Protective Association/ Immig…
Frederick Law Olmstead
Ethnic communities, formed within cities; attempted to recrea…
Jewish sect; originated in Germany, effort to make Judaism le…
APA: formed by Henry Bowers, committed to eliminating immigra…
Landscape designed; planned Central Park with Calvert Vaux
Immigrant Ghettoes
Ethnic communities, formed within cities; attempted to recrea…
Reform Judaism
Jewish sect; originated in Germany, effort to make Judaism le…
Brinkley chapter 18: Age of the City
Immigrant ghettos
American Protective Association
Bowers
Immigration Restriction League
The location where immigrants settled when theyncame to the u…
The association started by Bowers that wished to stop immigra…
The man who started the American Protective Association
An association in the USA who enforced literary tests for imm…
Immigrant ghettos
The location where immigrants settled when theyncame to the u…
American Protective Association
The association started by Bowers that wished to stop immigra…
7 terms
APUSH Chapter 18: Age of the City
Navitism
Salvation Army
Boss
Political Machine
The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or esta…
Founded in 1878; concentrated on religious revivalism
A person who wields the power over a political region, dictat…
A political organization in which an authoritative boss or sm…
Navitism
The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or esta…
Salvation Army
Founded in 1878; concentrated on religious revivalism
18 terms
apush chapter 18: age of city
american protective association
grover cleveland
alice hamilton
public health service
1887: founded by henry bowers. Aimed to scree/reduce immigran…
president who vetoed literacy requirement; anti-immigrant mea…
physician who looked to identify and correct pollution in wor…
1912: federal agency that created factory health standards to…
american protective association
1887: founded by henry bowers. Aimed to scree/reduce immigran…
grover cleveland
president who vetoed literacy requirement; anti-immigrant mea…
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