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Study sets matching "civics judicial branch"

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Study sets matching "civics judicial branch"

50 terms
Civics - Judicial Branch
Civil Law
Criminal Law
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Cases involving issues between two individuals where no law h…
Cases involving suspected crime
The authority to hear a question or case in dispute
The authority to hear a case for the first (initial) time
Civil Law
Cases involving issues between two individuals where no law h…
Criminal Law
Cases involving suspected crime
11 terms
Civics - Judicial Branch
Symbols of the Judicial branch
Jurisdiction
Number of District Courts
Court of Appeals
Lady Justice with scales and a blindfold... Scales = equality, f…
the authority to hear and decide a court case
94 District Courts
A higher court that reviews a lower court's decision
Symbols of the Judicial branch
Lady Justice with scales and a blindfold... Scales = equality, f…
Jurisdiction
the authority to hear and decide a court case
41 terms
Civics: Judicial Branch
1st Ammendment
2nd Ammendment
3rd Ammendment
4th Ammendment
Freedom of speech, religion, petition, assembly, and press... -e…
Right to bear arms
No soldier shall be quartered in any house without consent of…
No unreasonable search and seizure, no warrants without proba…
1st Ammendment
Freedom of speech, religion, petition, assembly, and press... -e…
2nd Ammendment
Right to bear arms
32 terms
LNE Civics - Judicial Branch
Precedent
Administrative laws
Common law
Constitutional law
the earlier decision made (leads to common laws)
laws that are created by government agencies (often regulator…
the type of law that comes from a judges decisions
law based on the Constitution and Supreme Court decisions int…
Precedent
the earlier decision made (leads to common laws)
Administrative laws
laws that are created by government agencies (often regulator…
33 terms
CivicBits-6 Judicial Branch
Dred Scott Case
Name the Chief Justic of Supreme Court
Persona non grata
Term of President of the United States
U.S. Supreme Court ruling in 1857 that slaves could not be Am…
John Roberts
A person that is not welcome into a foreign country.
The President serves 4 years per term, and may only serve 2 t…
Dred Scott Case
U.S. Supreme Court ruling in 1857 that slaves could not be Am…
Name the Chief Justic of Supreme Court
John Roberts
42 terms
Ch. 9 - Judicial Branch (Civics)
main job of judicial branch
types of court cases
criminal case
civil case
Ensure laws are fairly enforced... Interpret laws
civil... criminal
1. People accused of crime appear in court... 2. Witnesses give…
1. Between parties who feel their rights have been harmed... 2.…
main job of judicial branch
Ensure laws are fairly enforced... Interpret laws
types of court cases
civil... criminal
12 terms
civics judicial branch vocabulary
verdict
precedent
criminal
civil
a decision on a disputed issue in a civil or criminal case or…
(civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial d…
A law that defines crimes against the public order.
for or relating to ordinary citizens and their concerns.
verdict
a decision on a disputed issue in a civil or criminal case or…
precedent
(civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial d…
11 terms
Civics Judicial Branch
Supreme court
Length of term
How many justices
Powers granted to the supreme court
9 judges called justices, it is led by one justice called chi…
life
9
1. Able to accept or deny cases and they can get rid of laws
Supreme court
9 judges called justices, it is led by one justice called chi…
Length of term
life
20 terms
Civics: The Judicial Branch Vocab
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
district court
a courts authority to hear and decide cases
authority of only courts to hear and decide cases
authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
federal court where trials are held and law suit are begun
jurisdiction
a courts authority to hear and decide cases
exclusive jurisdiction
authority of only courts to hear and decide cases
20 terms
Civics Judicial Branch
Supreme Court
Federal, State
trial courts
evidence
The highest court in the country
Two court systems
The first court to hear a case
People or things that can prove one sides version of what hap…
Supreme Court
The highest court in the country
Federal, State
Two court systems
15 terms
Civics Review - Judicial Branch
judicial review
original
opinion
appeal
allows the Supreme Court to overturn laws
jurisdiction that hears a case first
written statement that explains a decision
requests that a higher court hears a case
judicial review
allows the Supreme Court to overturn laws
original
jurisdiction that hears a case first
43 terms
Civics Judicial Branch Quizlet
article 3
supreme court
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
What article in the Constitution creates the federal courts?
What court does the Constitution create?
authority of court to hear a case
federal courts are the only court with this jurisdiction
article 3
What article in the Constitution creates the federal courts?
supreme court
What court does the Constitution create?
16 terms
Civics: Judicial Branch
the party who answers a complaint and…
the power of the courts to review laws…
the name of the branch that interprets…
established basic rules and procedures…
defendant
judicial review
the judicial branch
Miranda vs. Arizona
the party who answers a complaint and…
defendant
the power of the courts to review laws…
judicial review
10 terms
Civics Vocabulary #8 - The Judicial Branch
Appeal
Appellate Jurisdiction
Circuit Courts
Defendant
A request for a higher court to review a case from a lower co…
The authority held by a court to hear a case that is appealed…
Part of federal court system made up of the 13 courts spread…
In a civil trial, it is the person or party that answers a co…
Appeal
A request for a higher court to review a case from a lower co…
Appellate Jurisdiction
The authority held by a court to hear a case that is appealed…
13 terms
Civics- The Judicial Branch (VA)
plaintiff
nullify
crime
defendant
The party bringing the lawsuit.
To cancel.
An act that breaks a federal or state law and can cause harm…
The party being sued.
plaintiff
The party bringing the lawsuit.
nullify
To cancel.
34 terms
Civics 1: Judicial Branch
Statutory law
Civil law
Criminal law
Oral Arguments
Law passed by the U.S. Congress or state legislatures
A law that governs relationships between individuals and defi…
Laws dealing with offenses against society (murder, rape, ars…
The arguments presented in person by attorneys to an appellat…
Statutory law
Law passed by the U.S. Congress or state legislatures
Civil law
A law that governs relationships between individuals and defi…
23 terms
Civics judicial branch
3 levels of the federal court system
District courts
Appointment of federal judges
Article III of the constitution
District court, appellate courts, supreme court
The courts that first see a case, can appeal it up to the app…
The president chooses them, and the senate has to approve it.
It describes how the federal court system works.
3 levels of the federal court system
District court, appellate courts, supreme court
District courts
The courts that first see a case, can appeal it up to the app…
Civics Judicial Branch
What is the structure of the judicial…
What does a dual court system consist…
Does each state have its own court sys…
Where are each states organization and…
Dual court system
Federal and state courts
Yes
That states Constitution and state laws
What is the structure of the judicial…
Dual court system
What does a dual court system consist…
Federal and state courts
39 terms
Civics: Judicial Branch
Number of Supreme Court justices
Supreme Court justices term (number of…
change of venue
trial by jury
9
for life
1. change of location... 2. If a person doesn't think he/she can…
12 people serve on a jury; they hear the case and make decisi…
Number of Supreme Court justices
9
Supreme Court justices term (number of…
for life
17 terms
Civics, Judicial Branch Unit Vocabulary
Supreme Court
Court of Appeals
District Court
State Courts
Court that only reviews some cases, usually about the Constit…
Reviews cases to see if the trial court made a mistake
The trial court in the Federal system
Courts that hear disputes about the laws of one state
Supreme Court
Court that only reviews some cases, usually about the Constit…
Court of Appeals
Reviews cases to see if the trial court made a mistake
18 terms
Civics Chapter 9-The Judicial Branch
judiciary branch of the government
dual court system
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
In the United States, when someone has a dispute, those peopl…
In the U.S., we have a court system made up of both federal a…
A court's authority to hear and decide cases.
Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
judiciary branch of the government
In the United States, when someone has a dispute, those peopl…
dual court system
In the U.S., we have a court system made up of both federal a…
Honors Civics Judicial Branch
Levels of Court (Highest to Low)
appellate jurisdiction
Lawyers can appeal if
_____ districts in the USA and _____ f…
Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, District Courts.
right to hear cases from lower courts
judge applied the law wrong... used wrong procedures... new evidenc…
12, 1
Levels of Court (Highest to Low)
Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, District Courts.
appellate jurisdiction
right to hear cases from lower courts
21 terms
civics judicial branch vocab
writ of certiorari
docket
caseload
brief
if petition is agreed (4 justices) then the document is issue…
a court's calendar, showing the cases it is to hear
a judge's or court's workload of cases in a period of time
a written document explaining the position of one side or the…
writ of certiorari
if petition is agreed (4 justices) then the document is issue…
docket
a court's calendar, showing the cases it is to hear
37 terms
Civics Judicial Branch
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
district courts
a court's authority to hear and decide cases
the authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
federal courts where trials are held and law suits begin
jurisdiction
a court's authority to hear and decide cases
exclusive jurisdiction
the authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
51 terms
Civics Judicial Branch
UCMJ
Statutory Law
Case Law
Common Law
Uniform Code of Military Justice... Source for law code
Laws passed by Congress
Laws based on prior court cases
Laws based on the decisions of judges who had heard similar c…
UCMJ
Uniform Code of Military Justice... Source for law code
Statutory Law
Laws passed by Congress
29 terms
Judicial branch (Civics class)
None
None
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Term limit for judges
Formal requirements for being justice
authority to hear a case first
authority to hear the case on an appeal from a lower court
None
Term limit for judges
None
Formal requirements for being justice
45 terms
Civics Judicial Branch
Crime
Criminal Law
Civil Law
Common Law
Any behavior that is illegal because society, through its gov…
The group of laws that define what acts are crimes
The group of laws that refer to disputes between people
A type of law that comes from judges' decisions that rely on…
Crime
Any behavior that is illegal because society, through its gov…
Criminal Law
The group of laws that define what acts are crimes
40 terms
Civics/ Judicial Branch
What is the Trial Court called on the…
What created the state's courts?
What is the only court system the Cons…
What are the two court systems?
District Court
The state's constitution
The supreme court
State, and Federal
What is the Trial Court called on the…
District Court
What created the state's courts?
The state's constitution
22 terms
Civics: The Judicial Branch Vocabulary
circuit
jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
district court
the area of jurisdiction of a federal court of appeals
a court's authority to hear and decide cases; "an area"
authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
federal court where trials are held and lawsuits are begun
circuit
the area of jurisdiction of a federal court of appeals
jurisdiction
a court's authority to hear and decide cases; "an area"
38 terms
Civics- Judicial Branch
Article that describers the Judicial B…
Length of term for Supreme Court
Judicial power is vested in:
Treason consists of:
Article 3
Lifelong (starts 1st Monday in October, ends June/July)
The Supreme Court as well as inferior courts
War against the US
Article that describers the Judicial B…
Article 3
Length of term for Supreme Court
Lifelong (starts 1st Monday in October, ends June/July)
27 terms
Civics: Judicial Branch Vocabulary
criminal cases
civil cases
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
includes a crime
case usually includes a group of people
means they have authority to hear the case
only federal courts can hear the case
criminal cases
includes a crime
civil cases
case usually includes a group of people
40 terms
Civics Judicial Branch Vocab
Jurisdiction
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear a case (in a general sense)
cases that can only be hear in FEDERAL court have this type o…
cases that be heard in either federal or state court have thi…
the authority of the court that hears the case first
Jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear a case (in a general sense)
Exclusive Jurisdiction
cases that can only be hear in FEDERAL court have this type o…
15 terms
Civics Judicial Branch
remand
jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
to send a case back to a lower court to be tried again.
authority to hear and decide cases.
the authority to hear cases for the first time.
authority of a court to review decisions made by lower courts.
remand
to send a case back to a lower court to be tried again.
jurisdiction
authority to hear and decide cases.
20 terms
Civics: Judicial Branch
Criminal Law
Civil Law
Misdemeanor
Felony
The court determines whether a person accused of breaking the…
The court settles a disagreement between 2 parties.
Minor offense
Serious crime
Criminal Law
The court determines whether a person accused of breaking the…
Civil Law
The court settles a disagreement between 2 parties.
30 terms
18 Judicial Branch RA Civics
inferior courts
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
federal courts under the Supreme Court
authority to hear certain types of cases, in a specific geogr…
cases that may only be heard in federal courts
federal and state courts have authority over some cases that…
inferior courts
federal courts under the Supreme Court
jurisdiction
authority to hear certain types of cases, in a specific geogr…
22 terms
Civics: Judicial Branch
Antoin Scalia... Conservative
John Roberts... Conservative... Chief Justice
Clarence Thomas... Conservative
Sam Alito... Conservative
Antoin Scalia... Conservative
John Roberts... Conservative... Chief Justice
20 terms
Civics Judicial Branch Vocab
Associate justice
Precedent
Unanimous opinion
Dissenting opinion
A Supreme Court judge who only has a job of hearing and decid…
A ruling from the past case that is applied to a similar curr…
And opinion in which all the justices agree on a decision
An opinion written by a justice disagreeing with the majority
Associate justice
A Supreme Court judge who only has a job of hearing and decid…
Precedent
A ruling from the past case that is applied to a similar curr…
90 terms
CIVICS JUDICIAL BRANCH
3
-established a Supreme Court ... - gave t…
Because the constitution writer knew t…
The ability to hear certain types of c…
What article has everything about the judicial branch?
What did article 3 do?
Why does article 3 not set up the number of lower courts?
Define jurisdiction
3
What article has everything about the judicial branch?
-established a Supreme Court ... - gave t…
What did article 3 do?
20 terms
Civics Judicial Branch Vocab
Circuit
Jurisdiction
Exclusive
Concurrent
area that court serves
authority to hear a case
the only one
2 or more at the same time
Circuit
area that court serves
Jurisdiction
authority to hear a case
21 terms
Civics - Judicial Branch Vocabulary
concurrent jurisdiction
district courts
remand
constitutional
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
Federal court where trials are held and lawsuits are begun
To send a case back to a lower court to be tried again
In accordance with the constitution
concurrent jurisdiction
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
district courts
Federal court where trials are held and lawsuits are begun
13 terms
Judicial Branch Civics Vocab
Appeals Courts
Arraignment
Appellate jurisdiction
Bail
a court that reviews decisions... made in lower district courts
a hearing in which a suspect is... charged and pleads guilty or…
the authority of a court... to hear a case appealed from a lower…
a sum of money used as a security... deposit to ensure that an a…
Appeals Courts
a court that reviews decisions... made in lower district courts
Arraignment
a hearing in which a suspect is... charged and pleads guilty or…
54 terms
judicial branch civics
what does article 3 do?
what court does art.3 establish?
what power does art 3 give congress?
judiciary act of 1789
sets up judicial branch
supreme court
power to create lesser courts
fed. district courts
what does article 3 do?
sets up judicial branch
what court does art.3 establish?
supreme court
23 terms
Judicial Branch - Civics
dual court system
original jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
a court system made up of both federal and state courts
the authority of a court to hear cases for the first time
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
authority of both state and federal courts to hear and decide…
dual court system
a court system made up of both federal and state courts
original jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear cases for the first time
21 terms
Civics : Judicial Branch Vocab
Due Process
Jury
Judicial Review
Probable Cause
The constitutional protection against unfair governmental act…
A group of ordinary citizens who hear a court case and decide…
The Supreme Court's power to examine a law to make sure it ag…
A good reason to believe that a suspect has been involved in…
Due Process
The constitutional protection against unfair governmental act…
Jury
A group of ordinary citizens who hear a court case and decide…
49 terms
Civics Judicial Branch
State Judicial Branch
Federal Judicial Branch
Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
State Trail Court < State Court of Appeals < State Supreme Co…
Federal District Court (trial court) < Federal Court of Appea…
The authority to hear certain cases
Both federal and state courts have jurisdiction
State Judicial Branch
State Trail Court < State Court of Appeals < State Supreme Co…
Federal Judicial Branch
Federal District Court (trial court) < Federal Court of Appea…
46 terms
Civics Judicial Branch
What are the names of the Trial courts?
What are trial courts ?
Where does every case start?
Name the the State Appellete court
District courts and Trial Courts
The courts where they argue the facts.
The Trial courts
Court of Appeals
What are the names of the Trial courts?
District courts and Trial Courts
What are trial courts ?
The courts where they argue the facts.
19 terms
Civics judicial branch
Jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
District courts
A courts authority to hear and decide cases
Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
Authority for both state and federal court to hear and decide…
Federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun
Jurisdiction
A courts authority to hear and decide cases
Exclusive jurisdiction
Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
13 terms
Civics Judicial Branch Vocab
Appeals Court
Appellate Jurisdiction
Arraignment
Bail
a court that reviews decisions made in lower district courts.
the authority of a court to hear a case applealed from a lowe…
A hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or…
A sum of money ised as a security deposit to ensure that an a…
Appeals Court
a court that reviews decisions made in lower district courts.
Appellate Jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear a case applealed from a lowe…
24 terms
Civics - The Judicial Branch
dual court system
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
federal and state courts
A court's authority to hear and decide cases.
Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
dual court system
federal and state courts
jurisdiction
A court's authority to hear and decide cases.
10 terms
Judicial branch vocab civics
Original jurisdicion
Appellate jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
The authority to be the first court to hear a case
The authority to review a case that was heard in a lower cour…
When more than one court has the authority to hear a certain…
When only one court can hear a certain type of case
Original jurisdicion
The authority to be the first court to hear a case
Appellate jurisdiction
The authority to review a case that was heard in a lower cour…
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