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Study sets matching "civil chapter 4 us gov"

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Study sets matching "civil chapter 4 us gov"

19 terms
AP US Government Chapter 4: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Barron v Baltimore 1833
Gitlow v New York 1925
Incorporation Doctrine
protections against the government being in your business
Bill of Rights protections only apply to the national governm…
Bill of Rights protections extend to the states, overturns Ba…
the Bill of Rights is nationalized and applicable to the states
Civil Liberties
protections against the government being in your business
Barron v Baltimore 1833
Bill of Rights protections only apply to the national governm…
19 terms
US Government - Chapter 4: Federalism
delegated powers
inherent powers
reserved powers
supremacy clause
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
powers saved for the states
constitutional declaration (Article VI) that the Constitution…
delegated powers
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
inherent powers
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
23 terms
9. US Government Chapter 4
Delegated Powers
Expressed Powers
Implied Powers
Elastic Clause
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
Powers directly expressed or stated in the Constitution by th…
Powers the government requires to carry out its expressed con…
Clause inEnabl Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution that…
Delegated Powers
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
Expressed Powers
Powers directly expressed or stated in the Constitution by th…
7 terms
AP US Government Chapter 4
civic competence
civic duty
civil society
class-consciousness
A belief that one can affect government policies.
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
Voluntary action that makes cooperation easier.
A belief that one is a member of an economic group whose inte…
civic competence
A belief that one can affect government policies.
civic duty
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
20 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary (US Government)
delegated powers
expressed powers
implied powers
elastic clause
powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
powers directly stated in the constitution
powers the government requires to carry out its expressed con…
clause in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, that giv…
delegated powers
powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
expressed powers
powers directly stated in the constitution
46 terms
AP US Government: Chapter 4 Civil Liberties and Public Policy
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
Barron v. Baltimore
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great…
The 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the Bill of Righ…
Civil Liberties
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
31 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Elections
district
swing state
popular vote
A formal and organised choice by vote of a person for a polit…
a region or area that is bound together by specific rules, la…
A state that could go either way in a presidential elections…
A vote by the general public
Elections
A formal and organised choice by vote of a person for a polit…
district
a region or area that is bound together by specific rules, la…
46 terms
AP US Government Chapter 4: Civil Liberties and Public Policy
civil liberties
Bill of Rights
1st Amendment
Barron v. Baltimore
Legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing…
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the bill of righ…
civil liberties
Legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing…
35 terms
Chapter 4 US Government
expressed powers
implied powers
inherent powers
elastic clause
powers directly stated in the constitution
Powers inferred from the express powers that allow congress t…
Powers of government that the national government may exercis…
clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives…
expressed powers
powers directly stated in the constitution
implied powers
Powers inferred from the express powers that allow congress t…
14 terms
US Government Chapter 4
President
Vice President
To be President
Executive agreement
Commander in Chief of the military and leader of the executiv…
Takes over if the President leaves office
must be native-born citizen of the US, be at least 35 years o…
a deal that the President makes with another country and that…
President
Commander in Chief of the military and leader of the executiv…
Vice President
Takes over if the President leaves office
18 terms
US Government Chapter 4
civil liberties
incorporation theory
14th Amendment
establishment clause
liberties of the people; basically what the gov't can't do to…
view that most of the protections of the Bill of Rights apply…
-everyone in U.S. (including slaves) are citizens & get privi…
part of 1st Amendment prohibiting the establishment of a chur…
civil liberties
liberties of the people; basically what the gov't can't do to…
incorporation theory
view that most of the protections of the Bill of Rights apply…
23 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Civil Liberties
Civil rigths
Bill of rigths
Ninth Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments to the U.S.Constitution, which large…
Part of the bill of rights that makes it clear that enumerati…
Civil Liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Civil rigths
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
27 terms
Government Chapter 4: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Due Process
Total Incorporation
Selective Incorporation
Constitutionally established guarantees that protect citizens…
Legal safeguards that prevent the government from arbitrarily…
The theory that the 14th Amendment's due process clause requi…
The process by which, over time, the Supreme Court applied th…
Civil Liberties
Constitutionally established guarantees that protect citizens…
Due Process
Legal safeguards that prevent the government from arbitrarily…
40 terms
Chapter 4 US Government
Delegated Powers
Expressed Powers
Implied Powers
Elastic Clause
o The Congress grants three types of powers to the national g…
o Those powers directly expressed or stated in the constituti…
o The power that the national government requires to carry ou…
o Congress shall have power to make all laws which shall be n…
Delegated Powers
o The Congress grants three types of powers to the national g…
Expressed Powers
o Those powers directly expressed or stated in the constituti…
89 terms
Chapter 4 US Government
Block Grants
Categorial Grants
Concurrent Powers
Confederation
A grant of money to a state or local government for a general…
Grants given by Congress to be used for specific purposes lik…
Powers that both the national government and states have
A loose union of independent states
Block Grants
A grant of money to a state or local government for a general…
Categorial Grants
Grants given by Congress to be used for specific purposes lik…
19 terms
US Government chapter 4 Federalism
delegated powers
inherent powers
reserved powers
supremacy clause
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
powers saved for the states
constitutional declaration (Article VI) that the Constitution…
delegated powers
powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
inherent powers
Powers that grow out of the very existence of government
15 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Civil Rights
Missouri Compromise
Scott v Sandford
Wilmot Proviso
Powers/privileges conferred on citizens by the Constitution a…
Regulated slavery by prohibiting slavery above certain point…
Ruled that African American citizens, whether enslaved or fre…
Designed to eliminate slavery in new land acquired after Mexi…
Civil Rights
Powers/privileges conferred on citizens by the Constitution a…
Missouri Compromise
Regulated slavery by prohibiting slavery above certain point…
22 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Civil liberties
Bill of Rights
Selective incorporation
free exercise clause
The personal freedoms of individuals that are protected from…
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution
Process of applying some of the rights in the Bill of Rights…
The First Amendment provision intended to protect the practic…
Civil liberties
The personal freedoms of individuals that are protected from…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution
28 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Delegated Powers
Expressed (Enumerated) Powers
Inherent Powers
Implied Powers
Powers the Constitution grants to the Federal Government
Powers explicitly stated in the Constitution
Things that the government simply must do because it is a gov…
Not specifically listed, but necessary to run the government.…
Delegated Powers
Powers the Constitution grants to the Federal Government
Expressed (Enumerated) Powers
Powers explicitly stated in the Constitution
12 terms
US Government Chapter 4
national security
breaches of natnl security
economc interests
examples of protection
protection of borders and population
war of 1812, 9/11, pancho villa, pearl harbor
trade markets and natural resources
persian gulf war, mexican american war, spanish american war…
national security
protection of borders and population
breaches of natnl security
war of 1812, 9/11, pancho villa, pearl harbor
123 terms
US Government Chapter 4
What does Article III state?
How do federal judges get chosen? How…
What was the judiciary act of 1789?
How many federal circuits do we have t…
•only names supreme court; each state has own courts to deal…
Serve for life or until resign/ retire... President nominates,…
•Judiciary Act of 1789: each state would have at least one fe…
12
What does Article III state?
•only names supreme court; each state has own courts to deal…
How do federal judges get chosen? How…
Serve for life or until resign/ retire... President nominates,…
33 terms
US Government Chapter 4
What are Federal powers?
What are State powers?
What are shared between Federal and St…
Federalism's major strength lies in wh…
to maintain an army and navy; to declare ware; to coin money;…
to conduct elections; to establish schools; to regulate busin…
to enforce laws; to establish courts; to borrow money; to sec…
It allows local action in matters of local concerns and natio…
What are Federal powers?
to maintain an army and navy; to declare ware; to coin money;…
What are State powers?
to conduct elections; to establish schools; to regulate busin…
22 terms
AP Government - Chapter 4 (Civil Liberties)
civil liberties
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
Fourteenth Amendment
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defi…
The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great…
The constitutional amendment adopted after the civil war that…
civil liberties
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defi…
12 terms
US/VA Government Chapter 4
Expressed Powers
Implied Powers
Reserved Powers
Concurrent Powers
Type of delegated power of the national gov't that are writte…
Powers of the national gov't that are not directly written in…
The powers that are given to the states only
Powers that the national government and the states share
Expressed Powers
Type of delegated power of the national gov't that are writte…
Implied Powers
Powers of the national gov't that are not directly written in…
17 terms
US Government Chapter 4
civil liberties
strict scrutinity
Miranda rule
establishment clause
the protection of citizens from improper governmental action
the most stringent standard of judicial review of a governmen…
the convention derived from the Supreme Court's 1966 ruling i…
the First Amendment clause that says "Congress shall make no…
civil liberties
the protection of citizens from improper governmental action
strict scrutinity
the most stringent standard of judicial review of a governmen…
32 terms
Government in America: Chapter 4 Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
First Amendment
14th Amendment
Establishment Clause
The constitutional and other legal protections against govern…
The constitutional amendment that establishes the five great…
The constitutional amendment adopted after the Civil War that…
Part of the First Amendment stating that the government may n…
Civil Liberties
The constitutional and other legal protections against govern…
First Amendment
The constitutional amendment that establishes the five great…
16 terms
Government Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties
Incorporation Theory
Establishment Clause
Free Exercise Clause
Prior Restraint
The view that most of the protections of the Bill of Rights a…
The part of the 1st Amendment prohibiting the establishment o…
The provision of the 1st Amendment guaranteeing the free exer…
Restraining an activity before it has actually occurred; i.e.…
Incorporation Theory
The view that most of the protections of the Bill of Rights a…
Establishment Clause
The part of the 1st Amendment prohibiting the establishment o…
70 terms
US Government Chapter 4
The Supreme Court's ruling in Plessy v…
The original U.S. Constitution did not…
The Bill of Rights
Police officers must inform persons th…
established the separate-but-equal doctrine.
the framers felt it was unnecessary.
provides rights against the government
Miranda v. Arizona.
The Supreme Court's ruling in Plessy v…
established the separate-but-equal doctrine.
The original U.S. Constitution did not…
the framers felt it was unnecessary.
14 terms
Us government chapter 4
Delegated powers
Expressed powers
Implied powers
Inherent powers
Powers that are spread through the government
Powers of the national government directly expressed or state…
Authority that the national government requires to carry out…
Powers that the national government may exercise simply becau…
Delegated powers
Powers that are spread through the government
Expressed powers
Powers of the national government directly expressed or state…
36 terms
Chapter 4 civil rights government
affirmative action
civil rights
de facto discrimination
de jure discrimination
Refers to programs designed to ensure that women, minorities,…
The right of every person to equal protection under the laws…
Discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, ethnicity…
Discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, ethnicity…
affirmative action
Refers to programs designed to ensure that women, minorities,…
civil rights
The right of every person to equal protection under the laws…
25 terms
AP Government - Chapter 4 & 5 (Civil Liberties)
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assemble, Petition
Right to bear arms
no quartering of troops
right against unreasonable search and siezure
1st Amendment
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assemble, Petition
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
15 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Bill of Rights (p.110)
Civil Liberties (p.110)
Clear-and-Present- Danger test (p.115)
Due Processes Clause of the Fourteenth…
the first ten amendments to the constitution . They include s…
the fundamental individual rights of free society, such as fr…
a test devised by the Supreme Court in 1919 to define the lim…
the clause of the constitution that has been used by the judi…
Bill of Rights (p.110)
the first ten amendments to the constitution . They include s…
Civil Liberties (p.110)
the fundamental individual rights of free society, such as fr…
30 terms
Chapter 4 US Government
What is a political party?
What are the two major political parti…
List the 5 functions of political part…
List the reasons for the two-party sys…
A political party is a group of persons who seek to control g…
Democrat and Republican
-Nominate Candidates- Recruit, choose, and present candidates…
-The Historical Basis- The nation started out with two-partie…
What is a political party?
A political party is a group of persons who seek to control g…
What are the two major political parti…
Democrat and Republican
29 terms
US Government - Chapter 4
bad tendency test
criminal due process rights
civil liberties
creationism
A standard established in the 1925 case Gitlow v. New York, w…
Safeguards for those accused of crime; these rights constrain…
Constitutionally established guarantees that protect citizens…
A theory of the creation of the earth and humankind that is b…
bad tendency test
A standard established in the 1925 case Gitlow v. New York, w…
criminal due process rights
Safeguards for those accused of crime; these rights constrain…
37 terms
Chapter 4 us government
Mayflower Compact
charters
Articles of Confederation
confederacy
the forerunner of the written constitution in America
emphasized the relationship between the king and the colonies
Ratified the provisions for central government
the central government is subordinate to state governments an…
Mayflower Compact
the forerunner of the written constitution in America
charters
emphasized the relationship between the king and the colonies
79 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Shared
State
Federal
Federal
Establish a police force
License drivers
Regulate interstate commerce
Coin money
Shared
Establish a police force
State
License drivers
19 terms
US Government: Chapter 4
Federalism
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
Expressed Powers
Written constitution divides power of government on a territo…
Basic principal of federalism
Those powers expressed, implied, or inherent granted to the n…
Those delegated powers of the national government that are sp…
Federalism
Written constitution divides power of government on a territo…
Division of Powers
Basic principal of federalism
18 terms
Government in America Chapter 4: Civil Liberties (Individuals)
Civil liberties
Bill of Rights
due process clause
incorporation doctrine
The constitutional and other legal protections (generally for…
The first 10 amendments to the US Constitution, which define…
Part of the 14th Amendment guaranteeing that persons cannot b…
The legal concept under which the Supreme Court has made the…
Civil liberties
The constitutional and other legal protections (generally for…
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the US Constitution, which define…
18 terms
US Government Chapter 4
delegated powers
expressed power
implied power
elastic clause
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
Powers directly stated in the Constitution
Powers that the government requires to carry out the expresse…
A statement in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that…
delegated powers
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
expressed power
Powers directly stated in the Constitution
26 terms
AP US Government Chapter 4
civil liberties
Bill of Rights
first amendment
Barron vs. Baltimore
the legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great…
The 1833 supreme court decision holding that the Bill of Righ…
civil liberties
the legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which defin…
30 terms
Chapter 4 US Government
expressed powers
implied powers
inherent powers
elastic clause
powers directly stated in the constitution
Powers inferred from the express powers that allow congress t…
Powers of government that the national government may exercis…
clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives…
expressed powers
powers directly stated in the constitution
implied powers
Powers inferred from the express powers that allow congress t…
71 terms
Government - Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties
Civil liberties are
The Bill of Rights is made up of the f…
Which clause prevents the national gov…
Which rule bars the use of illegally s…
PERSONAL FREEDOMS that the government cannot take away
10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution
ESTABLISHMENT
EXCLUSIONARY
Civil liberties are
PERSONAL FREEDOMS that the government cannot take away
The Bill of Rights is made up of the f…
10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution
31 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Delegated powers
Expressed powers
Implied powers
elastic clause
powers granted to the federal government
powers explicitly stated by the founders
powers not explicitly stated but implied
a clause where Congress may rise to situations the founders d…
Delegated powers
powers granted to the federal government
Expressed powers
powers explicitly stated by the founders
30 terms
Us Government chapter 4
United States v. Jones
Civil liberties
Civil rights
Barron v. Baltimore
The Court rejected the gov'ts argument that attaching a small…
specific, individual rights, such as freedom of speech, that…
whether members of differeing groups are treated equally by t…
Challenge of whether or not the Bill of Rights apply to the s…
United States v. Jones
The Court rejected the gov'ts argument that attaching a small…
Civil liberties
specific, individual rights, such as freedom of speech, that…
18 terms
US Government Chapter-4
delegated powers
expressed powers
implied powers
elastic clause
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
Powers directly stated in the Constitution
Powers that the government requires to carry out the expresse…
A statement in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that…
delegated powers
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
expressed powers
Powers directly stated in the Constitution
13 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
Expressed Powers
Concurrent Powers
assigning some powers to the federal government and others to…
powers granted by the constitution
powers specified clearly in the constitution
powers shared by the national and State governments
Division of Powers
assigning some powers to the federal government and others to…
Delegated Powers
powers granted by the constitution
28 terms
Chapter 4 US Government
Different levels of government share a…
Expressed, implied and inherent are al…
Powers granted by the constitution are…
Not specifically listed in the constit…
Federalism
National Powers
Expressed powers
Implied powers
Different levels of government share a…
Federalism
Expressed, implied and inherent are al…
National Powers
19 terms
US Government: Chapter 4
Federalism
Division of Powers
Delegated Powers
Expressed Powers
-a system of government in which a written constitution divid…
basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the…
those delegated powers of the National Government that are sp…
Federalism
-a system of government in which a written constitution divid…
Division of Powers
basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions…
18 terms
US Government Chapter 4
delegated powers
expressed powers
implied powers
elastic clause
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
Powers directly stated in the Constitution
Powers that the government requires to carry out the expresse…
A statement in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that…
delegated powers
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national g…
expressed powers
Powers directly stated in the Constitution
16 terms
US Government Chapter 4
Political Culture
Industrial Revolution
Great Depression
New Deal
Widely shared beliefs, values and norms; what Americans share…
Disparity in income = disparity in politics (income gap); Mon…
Collapse of stock market/free market; Unemployment (25%); Gov…
Roosevelt's response to the Great Depression;... Government shou…
Political Culture
Widely shared beliefs, values and norms; what Americans share…
Industrial Revolution
Disparity in income = disparity in politics (income gap); Mon…
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