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Study sets matching "civil rights liberties american government"

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Study sets matching "civil rights liberties american government"

28 terms
American Government- Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
guarantees the freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly,…
guarantees the right to bear arms
prevents the government from quartering soldiers in non-conse…
protects citizens from unreasonable search and seizure.
1st Amendment
guarantees the freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly,…
2nd Amendment
guarantees the right to bear arms
28 terms
American Government - SCOTUS, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
14th Amendment
the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution
the protection of the individual from the unrestricted power…
the protection of the individual from arbitrary or discrimina…
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and sub…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution
Civil Liberties
the protection of the individual from the unrestricted power…
28 terms
American Government - SCOTUS, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
14th Amendment
the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution
the protection of the individual from the unrestricted power…
the protection of the individual from arbitrary or discrimina…
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and sub…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution
Civil Liberties
the protection of the individual from the unrestricted power…
62 terms
American Government - Civil Liberties Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
Due process clause
rights citizens have to protect from government infringement…
refers primarily to different types of discrimination against…
determined the 5th amendment only protected citizens from the…
a statement of right in the 5th amendment (aimed at the feder…
Civil Liberties
rights citizens have to protect from government infringement…
Civil Rights
refers primarily to different types of discrimination against…
30 terms
American Government - SCOTUS, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
14th Amendment
the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution
the protection of the individual from the unrestricted power…
the protection of the individual from arbitrary or discrimina…
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and sub…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution
Civil Liberties
the protection of the individual from the unrestricted power…
23 terms
American Government - Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Why was the Bill of Rights created?
Bill of Rights
Amendment 1
Amendment 2
Because when the original Constitution left the hands of the…
First 10 amendments of the constitution
-Nonestablishment of religion... -free exercise of religion... -fre…
Keep and bear arms
Why was the Bill of Rights created?
Because when the original Constitution left the hands of the…
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments of the constitution
29 terms
AP American Government-Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Americans with Disabilities Act
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
clear and present danger
exclusionary rule
-Legislation passed in 1990 that prohibits discrimination aga…
-Decision by the Supreme Court that desegregated schools and…
-A doctrine adopted by the Supreme Court of the United States…
-A legal principle in the United States, under constitutional…
Americans with Disabilities Act
-Legislation passed in 1990 that prohibits discrimination aga…
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
-Decision by the Supreme Court that desegregated schools and…
47 terms
American Government Exam #2: Civil Rights and Liberties
Civil Rights & Liberties
Civil Right
Civil Liberty—
Both civil right and liberty
10.17.2016
protection against group based discrimination... the government…
a protection from the government
• Both depend on government action... White males who owned land…
Civil Rights & Liberties
10.17.2016
Civil Right
protection against group based discrimination... the government…
77 terms
American Government Study Guide Civil Rights and Civil Liberties/The Judicial Branch
Incorporation
5th amendment
14th amendment
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Process used by the Supreme Court to protect individuals from…
1789. (1) Privilege against self incrimination, (2) Miranda C…
1868. All people born in the US are citizens of this country,…
1896. Denied bus ride because 1/8 black (blonde hair/blue eye…
Incorporation
Process used by the Supreme Court to protect individuals from…
5th amendment
1789. (1) Privilege against self incrimination, (2) Miranda C…
25 terms
Government Civil Rights and Liberties
Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
1st Amendment
Guarantees of equal rights and equal treatment under the law,…
Basic freedoms guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution, such a…
Fist 10 Amendments; Limits the power and protects citizens of…
Freedom of,... Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition, and Religion.
Civil Rights
Guarantees of equal rights and equal treatment under the law,…
Civil Liberties
Basic freedoms guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution, such a…
Longwell - American Government - EOC Review (4) Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
1st Amendment Rights
Establishment Clause
Freedoms to think and act without government interference or…
A statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially…
Freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, and petition th…
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of rel…
Civil Liberties
Freedoms to think and act without government interference or…
Bill of Rights
A statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially…
70 terms
Government: Civil Rights and Liberties
civil liberties
bill of rights
1st amendment
the establishment clause
individual protections against actions by the government guar…
the first 10 amendments of the constitution
freedom of speech, religion, assemply, press, and petitioning…
freedom of religion; pertains to the separatino of church and…
civil liberties
individual protections against actions by the government guar…
bill of rights
the first 10 amendments of the constitution
49 terms
AP American Government Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and the Judiciary Landmark cases
Marbury v. Madison(1803)
Martin v. Hunter's lessee(1816)
McCulloch v. Maryland(1819)
Ex parte McCardle(1869)
Upheld judicial review of congressional acts
Supreme Court can review decisions of the highest state court…
Creation of a federal bank, though not in the constitution, w…
Allowed Congress to change the appellate jurisdiction of the…
Marbury v. Madison(1803)
Upheld judicial review of congressional acts
Martin v. Hunter's lessee(1816)
Supreme Court can review decisions of the highest state court…
53 terms
Government: Civil Rights and Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Incorporation Doctrine
1st 10 Amendments
Constitutional Protection of individuals against the government
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
Bill of Rights applied to states... Court cases:... Barron v. Balti…
1-5 freedoms... 2- right to bear arms... 3- soldiers not quartered…
Civil Liberties
Constitutional Protection of individuals against the government
Civil Rights
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
26 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties and Rights
clear and present danger test
due process of law
equal protection of the law
establishment clause
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
Constitutional requirement for fundamental fairness in our le…
idea that all citizens should be treated equally under the la…
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
clear and present danger test
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
due process of law
Constitutional requirement for fundamental fairness in our le…
52 terms
American Government: Civil Liberties
Theory of Incorporation
Bill of Rights not absorbed
Absolute protected speech
Conditionally protected speech
Pertaining to the 14th Amendment
2,3,5,7
the truth, political speech, symbolic speech, speech plus
libel and slander, fighting words, commercial speech, obsceni…
Theory of Incorporation
Pertaining to the 14th Amendment
Bill of Rights not absorbed
2,3,5,7
77 terms
American Government Study Guide Civil Rights and Civil Liberties/The Judicial Branch
Incorporation
5th amendment
14th amendment
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Process used by the Supreme Court to protect individuals from…
1789. (1) Privilege against self incrimination, (2) Miranda C…
1868. All people born in the US are citizens of this country,…
1896. Denied bus ride because 1/8 black (blonde hair/blue eye…
Incorporation
Process used by the Supreme Court to protect individuals from…
5th amendment
1789. (1) Privilege against self incrimination, (2) Miranda C…
68 terms
Government Civil Liberties and Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Bill of Attainder
the rights each individual has
the rights a certain group has
if you are arrested you must be brought before a court, told…
Congress cannot pass a law that punishes a person or group di…
Civil Liberties
the rights each individual has
Civil Rights
the rights a certain group has
60 terms
American Government Chapter 4: civil liberties & civil rights
civil liberties
civil rights
habeas corpus
substantive liberties
individual rights & freedoms that is protected from the gov't
citizen equality provided/protected by the gov't
court order demanding that an individual in custody be brough…
limits on What the gov't can and can't do
civil liberties
individual rights & freedoms that is protected from the gov't
civil rights
citizen equality provided/protected by the gov't
51 terms
Government Civil Liberties & Rights
What was the Supreme Court's original…
Which amendment to the constitution ap…
What is Habeas Corpus and who is prote…
How are both pornography and obscenity…
We were only meant to be protected from our federal governmen…
14th amendment
The government can't hold you against your will without charg…
Pornography is protected under the 1st amendment and is legal…
What was the Supreme Court's original…
We were only meant to be protected from our federal governmen…
Which amendment to the constitution ap…
14th amendment
32 terms
American Government Chapter 4: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
affirmative action
Bill of Rights
bill of attainder
Brown v. Board of Education
government policies or programs that seek to redress past inj…
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in…
a law that declares a person guilty of a crime without a trial
the 1954 Supreme Court decision that struck down the "separat…
affirmative action
government policies or programs that seek to redress past inj…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in…
47 terms
American Government Chapter 6 & 7 Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Freedom of Religion
Free Exercise Clause
Symbolic Speech
Libel
The 1st Amendment Guarantees all Americans this
This clause of the 1st amendment concerns citizen's right to…
The use of actions or objects to convey ideas or emotiional a…
Written defamatory remarks about a person
Freedom of Religion
The 1st Amendment Guarantees all Americans this
Free Exercise Clause
This clause of the 1st amendment concerns citizen's right to…
American Government 2- Civil Liberties vs Civil Rights
Basic freedoms to think and act that a…
rights of fair and equal status and tr…
You do not have complete freedom to do…
DUE PROCESS... What amendment prevents th…
Civil liberties
civil rights
Limiting Civil Liberties and Rights
5th Amendment
Basic freedoms to think and act that a…
Civil liberties
rights of fair and equal status and tr…
civil rights
22 terms
Government- Civil Rights and Liberties
WV Board of Edu. v. Barnette
Reynolds v. US, 1879
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Wallace v. Jaffree, 1985
People can practice the religion of their choice
Polygamy not protected under "free exercise clause"
...
Schools can't have moments of silence for prayer
WV Board of Edu. v. Barnette
People can practice the religion of their choice
Reynolds v. US, 1879
Polygamy not protected under "free exercise clause"
46 terms
Government Civil Rights and Liberties
civil liberties are
Americans' civil rights are set down in
the ___ is the final interpreter of th…
great freedoms of speech, press, relig…
individual legal and constitutional protections against the g…
bill of rights
supreme court
first amendment
civil liberties are
individual legal and constitutional protections against the g…
Americans' civil rights are set down in
bill of rights
13 terms
Government- Civil Rights and Liberties
WV B of E v. Barnette
Reynolds v U.S.
Wallace v Jaffree
Schenk v U.S.
Struck down a law requiring students to salute the flag
Polygamy was not protected by the 1st amendments free exercis…
Declared moments of silence in public schools for prayer unco…
Established the clear and present danger rule
WV B of E v. Barnette
Struck down a law requiring students to salute the flag
Reynolds v U.S.
Polygamy was not protected by the 1st amendments free exercis…
26 terms
Government Civil Rights/Liberties
Where are the places our Civil Liberti…
What are the major court cases that in…
Eagle v Vitale:
Schenck v US:
In the Bill of Rights, the 1st ten amendments.
Eagle v Vitale, Schenck v US, Miranda v Arizona, Gideon v Wai…
Prayer in public schools violates the establishment clause.
Speech is limited if it resents a "clear and present danger."
Where are the places our Civil Liberti…
In the Bill of Rights, the 1st ten amendments.
What are the major court cases that in…
Eagle v Vitale, Schenck v US, Miranda v Arizona, Gideon v Wai…
20 terms
American Government Test 3 Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Chapter 3
Declaration of Independence: "unaliena…
Constitution: Basic Strucutre
Constitution: Disagreement of Framers
Constitution: Inherent Conflict
-life... -liberty... -pursuit of happiness
-preamble (introduction)... -7 articles... -27 amendments (first 10…
-they disagreed over representation in congress and the regul…
...
Declaration of Independence: "unaliena…
-life... -liberty... -pursuit of happiness
Constitution: Basic Strucutre
-preamble (introduction)... -7 articles... -27 amendments (first 10…
57 terms
American Government Second Exam: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Selective incorporation
Incoperation
The 14th Amendment
Gitlow v. New York (1912)
...
Is synonymous with nationalizing The Bill of Rights, graduall…
guaranteeing equal protection to all American Citizens regard…
-incorporation of the first amendment.... - A case Freedom of sp…
Selective incorporation
...
Incoperation
Is synonymous with nationalizing The Bill of Rights, graduall…
32 terms
POL 120 American Government Chapter 4- Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
affirmative action
Bill of Rights
bills of attainer
Brown v. Board of Education
government policies or programs that seek to address past inj…
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in…
laws that declare a person guilt of a crime without a trial
the 1954 Supreme Court decision that struck down the "separat…
affirmative action
government policies or programs that seek to address past inj…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in…
37 terms
AP Government- Civil Rights & Liberties
Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
Bill of Attainder
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
-A law making an action illegal retroactively... -Criminalizes a…
-Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of person…
Civil Liberties
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
77 terms
AP Government- Civil Rights & Liberties
Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
Bill of Attainder
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
-A law making an action illegal retroactively... -Criminalizes a…
-Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of person…
Civil Liberties
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
42 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights for American Gov't
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
1st Amendment
14th Amendment
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
Protection the government guarantees against discrimination
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
(1) All persons born in the U.S. are citizens; (2) no person…
Civil Liberties
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
Civil Rights
Protection the government guarantees against discrimination
77 terms
AP Government- Civil Rights & Liberties
Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
Bill of Attainder
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
-A law making an action illegal retroactively... -Criminalizes a…
-Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of person…
Civil Liberties
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
48 terms
American Government: Civil Liberties
Inferior courts
Plaintiff
Defendant
Original jurisdiction
the lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court
in civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal…
in a civil suit, the person against whom a court action is br…
the power of a court to hear a case first, before any other c…
Inferior courts
the lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court
Plaintiff
in civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal…
24 terms
Government Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Affirmative Action
Civil Disobedience
Civil Right
Clear and Present Danger Test
Programs designed to increase minority participation in some…
Opposing a law considered unjust by peacefully disobeying it…
The rights of people to be treated without unreasonable or un…
Law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and pre…
Affirmative Action
Programs designed to increase minority participation in some…
Civil Disobedience
Opposing a law considered unjust by peacefully disobeying it…
36 terms
Government: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil liberties
Civil rights
9th amendment
10th amendment
Rights that need protection from the government; personal gau…
Rights that need protection by the government against arbitra…
Part of the bill of rights that makes it clear that enumerati…
The final part of the bill of rights that defines the basic p…
Civil liberties
Rights that need protection from the government; personal gau…
Civil rights
Rights that need protection by the government against arbitra…
96 terms
Participation in Government: Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
Right to keep and bear arms.
Prohibits the quartering of soldiers in homes in peacetime.
Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out req…
1st Amendment
freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
2nd Amendment
Right to keep and bear arms.
50 terms
government civil rights & civil liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
engel v. vitale
lemon v. kurtzman
protect individuals from govt actions
protect groups from discrimination by govt or private entity
unconstitutional for state to approve of prayer in school bas…
determining constitutionality of govt programs under establis…
civil liberties
protect individuals from govt actions
civil rights
protect groups from discrimination by govt or private entity
17 terms
Government: Civil Rights/Civil Liberties
Miranda V. Arizona
Mapp V. Ohio
Gideon V. Wainwright
Brown V. Board of Education
established requirement of authorities to notify individuals…
established requirements for search and seizure by authoritie…
right to counsel in both federal and states courts; used to a…
overturned Plessy vs. Ferguson on the priniciple "separate is…
Miranda V. Arizona
established requirement of authorities to notify individuals…
Mapp V. Ohio
established requirements for search and seizure by authoritie…
65 terms
AP US Government: Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Affirmative action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Civil rights
Equal protection of the laws
a policy designed to give special consideration to members of…
strengthened protections of individuals with disabilities by…
Rights of individuals to receive equal treatment (and to be f…
a clause in the Fourteenth Amendment's that mandates that the…
Affirmative action
a policy designed to give special consideration to members of…
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
strengthened protections of individuals with disabilities by…
21 terms
American Government - Civil Liberties
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale
Schenck v. United States
Civil Liberties
Thornhill v. Alabama
As a result of the Supreme Court case _____ ______ __ _____ v…
_______ v. _______ ______ was a 1919 Supreme Court case in wh…
_______ _________ are freedoms, such as freedom of religion a…
Freedom of assembly was established and upheld through the Su…
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale
As a result of the Supreme Court case _____ ______ __ _____ v…
Schenck v. United States
_______ v. _______ ______ was a 1919 Supreme Court case in wh…
22 terms
American Government (Civil Liberties)
District of Columbia v. Heller (2008)
Amendment II (2nd)
Amendment IV (4th)
Amendment V (5th)
Heller: if you have a gun in home it has to be unassembled.... D…
Militia: Small Citizen armies to support communities
unreasonable search and seizure
Trial by Jury, Double Jeopardy and Self Incrimination (right…
District of Columbia v. Heller (2008)
Heller: if you have a gun in home it has to be unassembled.... D…
Amendment II (2nd)
Militia: Small Citizen armies to support communities
14 terms
American Government Civil Liberties
Schenck v. United States (1919)
Brandenberg v. OH (1969)
Miller v. California (1973)
FCC v. Pacifica Foundation (1978)
"What constitutes threatening speech?"... Implemented Clear and…
Threatening Speech from KKK leader protected by 1st Amendment…
Implemented Miller Test.... Obscenity and Indecency.
George Carlin's Seven Deadly Words on radio.... FCC tried to rep…
Schenck v. United States (1919)
"What constitutes threatening speech?"... Implemented Clear and…
Brandenberg v. OH (1969)
Threatening Speech from KKK leader protected by 1st Amendment…
18 terms
American Government - Civil Liberties
actual malice
arraignment
clear and present danger test
commercial speech
either knowledge of a defamatory statement's falsity or a rec…
the first act in a crime proceeding, in which the defendant i…
the test proposed by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes for determ…
advertising statements, which increasingly have been given fi…
actual malice
either knowledge of a defamatory statement's falsity or a rec…
arraignment
the first act in a crime proceeding, in which the defendant i…
27 terms
American Gov (Civil Liberties & Rights)
Bill of Rights
Why did Alexander Hamilton not want th…
Federalist
Antifederalist
Liberties contained in the first 10 Amendments; deal made to…
as leader of the Federalist who were not against these rights…
Thought Bill of Rights unnecssary
Supported Bill of Rights
Bill of Rights
Liberties contained in the first 10 Amendments; deal made to…
Why did Alexander Hamilton not want th…
as leader of the Federalist who were not against these rights…
33 terms
American Government CH. 4: Roots of Civil Liberties: The Bill of Rights
Civil liberties
Civil rights
Clear and present danger test
direct incitement test
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
The Government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
Test articulated by the Supreme Court in Schenck v. U.S. (191…
Test articulated by the Supreme Court in brandenburg v Ohio (…
Civil liberties
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Civil rights
The Government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
48 terms
American Government: Civil Liberties
Inferior courts
Plaintiff
Defendant
Original jurisdiction
the lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court
in civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal…
in a civil suit, the person against whom a court action is br…
the power of a court to hear a case first, before any other c…
Inferior courts
the lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court
Plaintiff
in civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal…
48 terms
American Government: Civil Liberties
Inferior courts
Plaintiff
Defendant
Original jurisdiction
the lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court
in civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal…
in a civil suit, the person against whom a court action is br…
the power of a court to hear a case first, before any other c…
Inferior courts
the lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court
Plaintiff
in civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal…
41 terms
American Government Unit 5 Judiciary Civil Liberties and Rights
Civil Law
judicial circuits
concurrent jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
Body of law dealing with private rights of individuals
a region containing a united states appellate circuit
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
A court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court
Civil Law
Body of law dealing with private rights of individuals
judicial circuits
a region containing a united states appellate circuit
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