Study sets matching "classics western civilization"

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Study sets matching "classics western civilization"

35 terms
Classical Western Civilizations
Zoroastrianism
Royal Road
alphabet
city-state
Persian religion with a god of light and a god of darness
A system of roads in Persia with fresh horse stations
Phoenician system of writing in which sounds are represented…
a city which has its own form of government and functions as…
Zoroastrianism
Persian religion with a god of light and a god of darness
Royal Road
A system of roads in Persia with fresh horse stations
39 terms
Western Classical Civilization
Direct Democracy
Pontius Pilate
Paul
Limited Democracy
When the people vote directly on decisions within the governm…
Sentenced Jesus to crucifixion for treason
Wrote letters to towns that he founded and preached to the Ro…
There are limits to how much power the "people"have over maki…
Direct Democracy
When the people vote directly on decisions within the governm…
Pontius Pilate
Sentenced Jesus to crucifixion for treason
Western Classical Civilization
1. How would an Athenian most likely d…
2. The Roman's built concrete roads ac…
3. Which society was the first to prac…
4. What was one effect of the rugged m…
Harsh, brutal, and strict.
Trade
Athens
Separate, independent city-states.
1. How would an Athenian most likely d…
Harsh, brutal, and strict.
2. The Roman's built concrete roads ac…
Trade
32 terms
Western Classical Civilization
Women have more freedom in
Athens is not a direct democracy
Rome
Royal Roads
Greece
democracy in Athens just wasn't direct, not everyone could pa…
established praetorian guard, used census to impose taxes, ro…
Persian, public roads that united the empire.
Women have more freedom in
Greece
Athens is not a direct democracy
democracy in Athens just wasn't direct, not everyone could pa…
49 terms
Classical Western Civilizations
Etruscans
Aristocracy
Draco
Republic
Native to northern Italy, skilled metalworkers and engineers,…
Government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary rul…
621 BCE wrote a legal code stating that rich and poor were he…
A form of government in which power is in the hands of repres…
Etruscans
Native to northern Italy, skilled metalworkers and engineers,…
Aristocracy
Government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary rul…
Classical Western Civilizations
Etruscans
What is the most important thing the E…
Latins
Palestine Hill
Native to northern Italy- skilled metalworkers and engineers-…
There gov. of a monarchy in which Tarquin the Proud was their…
Built the original settlement of Rome (wooden huts ontop of P…
Seven hills in Rome
Etruscans
Native to northern Italy- skilled metalworkers and engineers-…
What is the most important thing the E…
There gov. of a monarchy in which Tarquin the Proud was their…
43 terms
Western Classical Civilizations
polis
athens
sparta
hellenistic culture
the greek word for city-state
a polytheistic, democratic city-state in Ancient Greece that…
a polytheistic, military city-state in Ancient Greece that va…
the culture present during Alexander the Great's reign that w…
polis
the greek word for city-state
athens
a polytheistic, democratic city-state in Ancient Greece that…
79 terms
unit 2: Classical Western Civilization
Minoans
crete
Phoenicians
phorectic alphabet
dominated trade in E med.
large island on s edge of Aegean Sea
most powerful traders starting around 1100 BCE ... -great sailor…
each symbol represents a sound
Minoans
dominated trade in E med.
crete
large island on s edge of Aegean Sea
Post Classical Western Civilization Review
aquinas
art
bible
byzantine
promoted natural law
renaissance brought it back, learning had been absent during…
first full sized book printed with Gutenberg's printing press
preserved greco- roman ideas, spread orthodox, and created ju…
aquinas
promoted natural law
art
renaissance brought it back, learning had been absent during…
37 terms
Post classical western civilization review
Catholic Church
Indulgences
Crusades
Land
People became disappointed with this place of worship because…
Luther accused the Roman Catholic Church of selling this.
The main goal of this quest was to rescue the Holy Land.
What did the vassal receive from the lord in exchange for mil…
Catholic Church
People became disappointed with this place of worship because…
Indulgences
Luther accused the Roman Catholic Church of selling this.
37 terms
Post Classical Western Civilization Review
catholic church
indulgences
crusades
land
people became disappointed with this place of worship because…
Luther accused the Roman Catholic Church of selling _________…
The main goal of this quest was to rescue the Holy Land
What did the vassal receive from the lord in exchange for mil…
catholic church
people became disappointed with this place of worship because…
indulgences
Luther accused the Roman Catholic Church of selling _________…
15 terms
Unit 2: Western Classical Civilizations
Pax Romana
Twelve Tables
Patricians
Plebeians
a period of peace in the Roman Empire that lasted from 27 BCE…
earliest Roman code of law
a person of the highest social class; aristocrat
a member of the common people of ancient Rome
Pax Romana
a period of peace in the Roman Empire that lasted from 27 BCE…
Twelve Tables
earliest Roman code of law
18 terms
Unit 3 Classical Western Civilizations
Iliad & Odyssey
Sparta
Athens
Democracy
Major epics of Greek literature written by Homer
One of largest city-states, challenged by Athens, extreme mil…
Developed 1st democracy, cultural leaders of Greece
System of government by representatives
Iliad & Odyssey
Major epics of Greek literature written by Homer
Sparta
One of largest city-states, challenged by Athens, extreme mil…
Classical Western Civilizations (Greece and Rome)
polis
acropolis
monarchy
aristocracy
unique version of Greek city-state
hilltop for defense, temples, main city w/ market, theater, h…
rule by a king and hereditary
rule by upper class/ nobility and hereditary
polis
unique version of Greek city-state
acropolis
hilltop for defense, temples, main city w/ market, theater, h…
56 terms
Classical Western Civilizations Study Guide
Etruscans
Aristocracy
Draco
Republic
Native to Italy and influenced their archrcture (arches), wri…
privileged, heridary ruling class
devolped a leagal code saying everyone was equal under law. M…
form of gov that was in the hands of the people, who use ther…
Etruscans
Native to Italy and influenced their archrcture (arches), wri…
Aristocracy
privileged, heridary ruling class
Chapter 2: the western classical civilizations
alexander the great
cyrus the great
cambyses
Darius I
son of Philip of Macedon, in 334 he invaded Persia and decisi…
founder of the achaemenid empire, which extended it from Indi…
cyrus's son who succeeded his father, and expanded the empire…
the third ruler of the achaemenid empire , extended the empir…
alexander the great
son of Philip of Macedon, in 334 he invaded Persia and decisi…
cyrus the great
founder of the achaemenid empire, which extended it from Indi…
75 terms
Western Civilization
Donatello
Michelangelo
Leonardo da Vinci
Raphael
Bronze statue of David
Ceiling of Sistine Chapel... Statue of David... Dome of St. Peter's…
Mona Lisa... Last Supper... Inventor... Renaissance Man
School of Athens
Donatello
Bronze statue of David
Michelangelo
Ceiling of Sistine Chapel... Statue of David... Dome of St. Peter's…
9 terms
Western Civilization
Michelangelo
Leonardo da Vinci
Gutenberg
Humanism
Artist of the Ceiling of Sistine Chapel, Statue of David, and…
Artist of the Mona Lisa and Last Supper.... An inventor and "Ren…
Invented the moveable type printing press
Philosphy that focuses on human potential
Michelangelo
Artist of the Ceiling of Sistine Chapel, Statue of David, and…
Leonardo da Vinci
Artist of the Mona Lisa and Last Supper.... An inventor and "Ren…
14 terms
Unit 2.1 Classical Western Civilization
Empire
Persia
Zoroastrianism
Ancient Greek City-states
empires existed an an organizing political form during the ea…
...
...
...
Empire
empires existed an an organizing political form during the ea…
Persia
...
14 terms
Unit 2.1 Classical Western Civilization
Empire
Persia
Zoroastrianism
Ancient Greek City-states
empires existed an an organizing political form during the ea…
...
...
...
Empire
empires existed an an organizing political form during the ea…
Persia
...
Western Civilizations Exam 1 Classical Greece
Delian League
Democracy
Oligarchy
Ostracism
Alliance between Athens and many of its allied cities followi…
this form of government allowed a class of propertied male ci…
A form of government in which the power to rule is held by a…
The Athenians practiced this to protect themselves against am…
Delian League
Alliance between Athens and many of its allied cities followi…
Democracy
this form of government allowed a class of propertied male ci…
13 terms
27.4 Western Civilization
The Big Three
France
Fourteen Points
Self-Determination
Wilson, Clemenceau & George
Regained Alsace-Lorraine
Wilson's Peace Plan
Allowing people to decide for themselves under what governmen…
The Big Three
Wilson, Clemenceau & George
France
Regained Alsace-Lorraine
21 terms
Western Civilizations Exam 1 Classical Greece
Delian League
Democracy
Oligarchy
Ostracism
Alliance between Athens and many of its allied cities followi…
this form of government allowed a class of propertied male ci…
A form of government in which the power to rule is held by a…
The Athenians practiced this to protect themselves against am…
Delian League
Alliance between Athens and many of its allied cities followi…
Democracy
this form of government allowed a class of propertied male ci…
Western Civilization
Industrial Revolution
crop rotation
factors of production
entrepreneur
beginning in England during the 18th century. Changed from ma…
the system of growing a different crop in a field of each yea…
the resources including land labor, and capital that are need…
a person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a…
Industrial Revolution
beginning in England during the 18th century. Changed from ma…
crop rotation
the system of growing a different crop in a field of each yea…
40 terms
Western Civilization
Pantheism
Naturalism
Post Modernism
Christianity
God is everything and in everything. He is not a person and c…
Only things that can be verified and understood by human reas…
There is no objective truth. Truth is what each person wants…
Declares that the Bible is the revealed Word of God of the on…
Pantheism
God is everything and in everything. He is not a person and c…
Naturalism
Only things that can be verified and understood by human reas…
Western Civilization
direct representative
Aristotle
pantheon
Hippocrates
A system of choosing delegates to a representative assemble i…
A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a fa…
all the gods of a people; a group highly respected in a field
Father of medicine during the Golden Age of Greece - 5th Cent…
direct representative
A system of choosing delegates to a representative assemble i…
Aristotle
A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a fa…
Western Civilization
The Enlightenment
Scientific Revolution
Geocentric Theory
Heliocentric
A new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought…
New way of thinking about the natural world ... Scholars began t…
Earth-centered view of the universe... Came from Aristotle (Chri…
Sun centered
The Enlightenment
A new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought…
Scientific Revolution
New way of thinking about the natural world ... Scholars began t…
138 terms
Western Civilization
Venus of Willendorf 15000
France cave paintings 30000
Old Stone Age
New Stone Age
(50,000-7000)
7000-3000 BC
Venus of Willendorf 15000
France cave paintings 30000
Western Civilization
How did the Romans deal with conquered…
Battling of Carthage and the mediterra…
Problems in the Republic:
Grachi
- Somewhat, recognized was of subject groups.... - Many did not…
- 1st Punic war, began in Sicily.... - 2nd Punic war, Hannibal a…
- Influx of wealth.... - Influx of slaves.... - Wealthy bought/took…
-Tiberius Gracchus (elected) tried to limit size of estates,…
How did the Romans deal with conquered…
- Somewhat, recognized was of subject groups.... - Many did not…
Battling of Carthage and the mediterra…
- 1st Punic war, began in Sicily.... - 2nd Punic war, Hannibal a…
Western Civilization
Seasonal Work for Peasants
Peasant Holidays
Women's role in Housekeeping/Garden Ch…
Aristocrats and War
Each season brought new tasks (season fall most hectic)... Harve…
Christmas... Easter... Pentecost... + numerous others from catholic ch…
- Carry and Bear Children... - Provide children socialization +…
"Men of War" Lords/Vassals - people of wealth, political, eco…
Seasonal Work for Peasants
Each season brought new tasks (season fall most hectic)... Harve…
Peasant Holidays
Christmas... Easter... Pentecost... + numerous others from catholic ch…
Western Civilization
Hugenots
Richelieu
Diderot and d'Alembert
Rousseau
French Protestants
chief advisor to Louis XIII
Encyclopedia
Author of Emile and Social Contract
Hugenots
French Protestants
Richelieu
chief advisor to Louis XIII
Western Civilization
Paleolithic Age
Neolithic Revolution
theocracy
Sumerian city-states
Period of human history where humans used simple tools.
Shift from hunting animals and gathering plants to the system…
The government ruled by divine authority
1st city-states; located in Mesopotamia, Eridu, Ur, Uruk, Umm…
Paleolithic Age
Period of human history where humans used simple tools.
Neolithic Revolution
Shift from hunting animals and gathering plants to the system…
85 terms
Western civilization
King minos
Women (Minoans)
Religion (Minoans)
Greek peninsulas
-Crete: Europe's first commercial empire... -Minotaur... -Minoans... -…
-Enjoyed freedom and dignity... -Unknown elsewhere in ancient Ne…
-Snake goddess... -Main deity
-Aegean Sea... -Mountainous ... -Harbors: Maritime Commerce... -Centra…
King minos
-Crete: Europe's first commercial empire... -Minotaur... -Minoans... -…
Women (Minoans)
-Enjoyed freedom and dignity... -Unknown elsewhere in ancient Ne…
Western Civilization
Voltaire
Laissez-faire (letting things take the…
How were music and art affected during…
How did the Scientific Revolution infl…
defended freedom of speech and spoke out against prejudice an…
believe that the economy is better off if the government does…
developed a new elegant and graceful style that reflected new…
Thinkers looked for natural laws in politics and economics
Voltaire
defended freedom of speech and spoke out against prejudice an…
Laissez-faire (letting things take the…
believe that the economy is better off if the government does…
82 terms
Western Classics
(greek) Anthropocentric
Sophists
Socrates
Accuser of Socrates
Humans are the hero's of literature
1st professors. Taught rhetoric. Taught to win at any cost wh…
his teachings were free, he believed in the truth whether it…
Meletus. Socrates lost the trial and died thru the choice of…
(greek) Anthropocentric
Humans are the hero's of literature
Sophists
1st professors. Taught rhetoric. Taught to win at any cost wh…
western Classics
Homer
Odyssey: Key themes
Epic Poetry
Odysseus
-created Illiad and the Odyssey.... - thought to have been blind…
- Hospitality: when Athena visits Telemachus; Penelope & the…
- a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds events, gre…
-clever... - noticed by others... - highly valued... - loyal... - huge he…
Homer
-created Illiad and the Odyssey.... - thought to have been blind…
Odyssey: Key themes
- Hospitality: when Athena visits Telemachus; Penelope & the…
166 terms
Western Civilization - Test 3
Industrial Revolution
Cottage Industry
Putting-Out System
Thomas Newcomen
Age of machinery. population increased. Labor shift from farm…
business or manufacturing carried out in a person's home
The home is becoming a early factory. Families aid in industr…
Invented the Newcomen's Engine 1709. It was a steam driven pu…
Industrial Revolution
Age of machinery. population increased. Labor shift from farm…
Cottage Industry
business or manufacturing carried out in a person's home
Western Civilization--Early Civilization
Mesopotamia
Egypt
Babylon
Cuneiform
Modern day Iraq. 1st civilization.. Humans learn how to grow…
2nd civilization. The nile river, fertile land. longest lasti…
king Hammurabi, code of laws.
tablets
Mesopotamia
Modern day Iraq. 1st civilization.. Humans learn how to grow…
Egypt
2nd civilization. The nile river, fertile land. longest lasti…
8 terms
western civilization
cities
written language
complex religion
social classes
cities
written language
Western civilization
Palelolithic
Neolithic
Hunter gather
6 characteristics of civilization
Early phase of the stone age
Later part of the Stone Age
Member of nomadic people who live by hunting, fishing, planting
Cities, writing, government and military, social organization…
Palelolithic
Early phase of the stone age
Neolithic
Later part of the Stone Age
Western Civilization
Peloponnesian war
Philip II's son:
Alexander the great breaks into:
Hellenization:
Philip II comes to power
Alex the great
3 dynasties (Macedonian, Ptolemy, and Seleucid)
spreading of Greek culture
Peloponnesian war
Philip II comes to power
Philip II's son:
Alex the great
27 terms
Western Civilization
Clovis
Franks
Charles Martel
Battle of Tours (732)
-King... -won many battles... -established a Germanic Kingdoms that…
-one of the germanic tribes that conquered part of the Roman…
-rallied Frankish warriors
-Christian warriors triumphed ... * to them victory was a sign…
Clovis
-King... -won many battles... -established a Germanic Kingdoms that…
Franks
-one of the germanic tribes that conquered part of the Roman…
11 terms
Western Civilization
barbarians
byzantine empire
emperor justinian
islam
370-530... all over europe
6th century-15th century... constantinople
527-565 "justice" ... digest law codes and institutes
600-1000 AD
barbarians
370-530... all over europe
byzantine empire
6th century-15th century... constantinople
11 terms
Western Civilization
Compass
Astrolabe
Commercial Revolution
Mercantilism
Navigational instrument created in the 1300s that used a magn…
Instrument used to calculate latitude by looking at stars
Era between 1400 and 1750 when Europeans made major changes t…
Economic theory stating that there is a fixed amount of wealt…
Compass
Navigational instrument created in the 1300s that used a magn…
Astrolabe
Instrument used to calculate latitude by looking at stars
30 terms
Western Civilization Unit 1
palace society
Homer
redistributive economy
Alexander the Great
Minoan and Mycenaean social and political organization center…
Greece's first and most famous author, who composed The Iliad…
A system in which state officials control the production and…
The fourth-century B.C.E. Macedonian king whose conquest of t…
palace society
Minoan and Mycenaean social and political organization center…
Homer
Greece's first and most famous author, who composed The Iliad…
45 terms
Western Civilization
Encomienda
Hernan Cortes
Conquistador
Moctezuma II
Spanish Colonial System
Led an expedition to mexico that ended with the conquest of t…
conqueror
Aztec Emporer
Encomienda
Spanish Colonial System
Hernan Cortes
Led an expedition to mexico that ended with the conquest of t…
40 terms
Western Civilization
polis
acropolis
agora
helots
city-state
high area surrounding a polis
marketplace
state slaves
polis
city-state
acropolis
high area surrounding a polis
Western Civilization
Black death 1348-1353: first and most…
Schism
Increased trade
Hundred years war
• Killed app. 50% population ... • Further weakened the church…
• Avignon Papacy (1305-1378) French king, drench cardinals ... •…
• Urbanism ... • Growth of cities in the middle ages ... • Centers…
• 100 year war (1337-1453) ... • French kings sought to centrali…
Black death 1348-1353: first and most…
• Killed app. 50% population ... • Further weakened the church…
Schism
• Avignon Papacy (1305-1378) French king, drench cardinals ... •…
Western Civilization
Council of Constance
Erasmus
Thomas Moore
Martin Luther
3 popes resign. End of Schism. the council in 1414-1418 that…
Dutch Humanist and friend of Sir Thomas More. Perhaps the mos…
1516 wrote Utopia about an imaginary land inhabited by a peac…
A German monk who became one of the most famous critics of th…
Council of Constance
3 popes resign. End of Schism. the council in 1414-1418 that…
Erasmus
Dutch Humanist and friend of Sir Thomas More. Perhaps the mos…
79 terms
Western civilization
312
325
410
476
- battle of milvian bridge... - constantine (winner) becomes rul…
- council of nicaea ... - offical approval of christian creed ... -…
- end of roman empire in the west by Visigoth Alaric... - alaric…
- Odovacar (Ostrogoth) takes over rome... - takes over and stays…
312
- battle of milvian bridge... - constantine (winner) becomes rul…
325
- council of nicaea ... - offical approval of christian creed ... -…
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