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Study sets matching "classification cells heredity"

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Study sets matching "classification cells heredity"

10 terms
Cells,Heredity,and Classification
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Cell
Tissue
a plant or animal cell
a single cell organism
building blocks of life
a group of cells
Eukaryote
a plant or animal cell
Prokaryote
a single cell organism
25 terms
Cells,Heredity,and Classification
tissue
organ
organ system
organism
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
A combination of two or more tissues that work together to pe…
A group of organs that works together to perform body functio…
Anything that can independently carry out life process.
tissue
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
organ
A combination of two or more tissues that work together to pe…
18 terms
Cells, Heredity and Classification.
Homozygous
Heterozygus
Phenotype
Genotype
Having two Dominate allele
One of the two allele is different
Characteristics that are visible
Part of a genetic make up of a cell
Homozygous
Having two Dominate allele
Heterozygus
One of the two allele is different
5 terms
Cells, Heredity, & Classification
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Theodor Schwann
The smallest unit that can perform all the necessary processe…
First to describe cells... Built microscope to look at cork (Bar…
Saw small creature in a pond and named it animalcules, now ca…
Came up with cell theory... - All organisms are made of one or m…
Cell
The smallest unit that can perform all the necessary processe…
Robert Hooke
First to describe cells... Built microscope to look at cork (Bar…
18 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Phenotype
Genotype
Represented by two of the same letters. (E.g. uppercase upper…
Represented by the two same letters but one is uppercase and…
A physical trait or characteristic.
The genetic makeup of an organism.
Homozygous
Represented by two of the same letters. (E.g. uppercase upper…
Heterozygous
Represented by the two same letters but one is uppercase and…
24 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification
Lysosome
Vacuole
Vesicle
Golgi Complex
Digest food particles, wastes, cell parts, and foreign invade…
A large membrane-covered structure found in plant cells that…
A small fluid-filled bladder, sac, cyst, or vacuole within th…
A complex of parallel, flattened saccules, vesicles, and vacu…
Lysosome
Digest food particles, wastes, cell parts, and foreign invade…
Vacuole
A large membrane-covered structure found in plant cells that…
17 terms
Cells, Heredity, and classification
3 examples of cells
3 examples of tissue
3 examples of organs
3 examples of organ systems
blood,fat, muscle
muscle, skin, heart
liver, lung, heart
Digestive, excretory, respiratory
3 examples of cells
blood,fat, muscle
3 examples of tissue
muscle, skin, heart
29 terms
Cells, Heredity and Classification Chapter 3
sex cells
homologous chromosomes
asexual reproduction
homozygous
sperm and egg cells. Made by meiosis with ½ the regular numbe…
chromosomes that carry the same set of genes
Most body cells reproduce this way - exact copy
an organism with two of the same genes for a trait
sex cells
sperm and egg cells. Made by meiosis with ½ the regular numbe…
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that carry the same set of genes
17 terms
Cells, Heredity, & Classification
Dominat Trait
Recessive Trait
Genotype
Phenotype
A trait from the first generation when different parents are…
A trait that only comes up when recessive allies have the sam…
The combination of genes making specific makeup; the genetic…
The organism's appearance or other detectable/noticeable trai…
Dominat Trait
A trait from the first generation when different parents are…
Recessive Trait
A trait that only comes up when recessive allies have the sam…
18 terms
cells, heredity, + classification
homozygous
heterozygous
phenotype
genotype
same (DD, dd)
different (Dd, Ee)
physical apperance of a genotype
letter associated with a phenotype (Aa, AA, aa)
homozygous
same (DD, dd)
heterozygous
different (Dd, Ee)
12 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification
fossils
relative dating
absolute dating
geologic time scale
Trace, remains of organism lived long ago, preserved in sedim…
Any method of determining whether event or object is older or…
Any method of measuring age of object, event in years
Standard method used to divide Earth's long natural history i…
fossils
Trace, remains of organism lived long ago, preserved in sedim…
relative dating
Any method of determining whether event or object is older or…
14 terms
Bad set - Cells, Heredity, and Classification
Gene
Punnett square
Genotype
Homozygous
A set of instructions for an inherited trait. Each parent giv…
A square to visualize all the possible combinations of allele…
The offspring's inherited combination of alleles. The entire…
having two identical alleles for a trait
Gene
A set of instructions for an inherited trait. Each parent giv…
Punnett square
A square to visualize all the possible combinations of allele…
12 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 3
heredity
dominant trait
recessive trait
gene
Passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
Observed in the first generation when parents that have diffe…
Which reappears in the second generation after disappearing i…
One set of instructions for an inherited trait
heredity
Passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
dominant trait
Observed in the first generation when parents that have diffe…
19 terms
Chapter 4 Cells, Heredity, and Classification
DNA
Nucleotide
RNA
ribosome
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all livi…
in a nucleic acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar ,…
ribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all living ce…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all livi…
Nucleotide
in a nucleic acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar ,…
46 terms
cells, heredity and classification. Chapter 1
Cell wall
Ribosomes
ER (endoplasmic reticulum)
Mitochondrion
Gives support to a cell. In Prokaryotic cells
Organelles that make proteins. Smallest organelle. In every c…
System of folded membranes where lipids, proteins and other m…
Organelle that breaks down sugar. It uses ATP and is the main…
Cell wall
Gives support to a cell. In Prokaryotic cells
Ribosomes
Organelles that make proteins. Smallest organelle. In every c…
10 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 7
classification
taxonomy
dichotomous key
Archaea
Division of organisms into groups, classes, based on specific…
Science of describing, naming, classifying organisms
Aid used to identify organisms, consists answers to series of…
Domain made of prokaryotes live in extreme environments
classification
Division of organisms into groups, classes, based on specific…
taxonomy
Science of describing, naming, classifying organisms
35 terms
Cells, Heredity and Classification Book Review
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Meiosis
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
A process during which the nucleus and its contents divide re…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
Mitosis
A process during which the nucleus and its contents divide re…
46 terms
cells, heredity and classification. Chapter 1
Cell wall
Ribosomes
ER (endoplasmic reticulum)
Mitochondrion
Gives support to a cell. In Prokaryotic cells
Organelles that make proteins. Smallest organelle. In every c…
System of folded membranes where lipids, proteins and other m…
Organelle that breaks down sugar. It uses ATP and is the main…
Cell wall
Gives support to a cell. In Prokaryotic cells
Ribosomes
Organelles that make proteins. Smallest organelle. In every c…
6 terms
cells heredity and classification drake harbrecht
tissue
organ
organ system
oranism
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a cert…
A combinatoin of two or more tissues that work together to pe…
A group of organs that work together to perform a body functi…
Anything that can independently carry out life processors.
tissue
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a cert…
organ
A combinatoin of two or more tissues that work together to pe…
17 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 5
adaptation
species
evolution
fossil
Characteristic improves individual's ability to survive, repr…
Group of organisms closely related, can mate to produce ferti…
Process in which inherited characteristics within population…
Trace, remains of organism lived long ago, preserved in sedim…
adaptation
Characteristic improves individual's ability to survive, repr…
species
Group of organisms closely related, can mate to produce ferti…
10 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 5
adaptation
species
evolution
fossil
Characteristic improves individual's ability to survive, repr…
Group of organisms closely related, can mate to produce ferti…
Process in which inherited characteristics within population…
Trace, remains of organism lived long ago, preserved in sedim…
adaptation
Characteristic improves individual's ability to survive, repr…
species
Group of organisms closely related, can mate to produce ferti…
11 terms
Part 1- Cells, Heredity, and Classification Review
Heredity
Self-pollinating plant
True-breeding plant
Cross-pollination
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A plant that contains both male and female reproductive struc…
A plant that always produces offspring with the same trait as…
The crossing of two plants with different forms of a single t…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Self-pollinating plant
A plant that contains both male and female reproductive struc…
22 terms
Holt Science and Technology: Cells, Heredity, and Classification. Cells
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leevenhoek
Gregor Mendel
Crick & Watson
1660-- First person to use the term cell.
1674-- Witnessed the splitting of bacteria (first to study ba…
1856-- "Father of Genetics" - worked with pea plants and disc…
1953-- Solved that DNA structure isdouble helix and that all…
Robert Hooke
1660-- First person to use the term cell.
Anton van Leevenhoek
1674-- Witnessed the splitting of bacteria (first to study ba…
25 terms
Holt Science and Technology: Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 3, Heredity
Heredity
Self-pollinating plant
True-breeding plant
Cross-pollination
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A plant that contains both male and female reproductive struc…
A plant that always produces offspring with the same trait as…
The crossing of two plants with different forms of a single t…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Self-pollinating plant
A plant that contains both male and female reproductive struc…
25 terms
Holt Science and Technology: Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 3, Heredity
Heredity
Self-pollinating plant
True-breeding plant
Cross-pollination
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A plant that contains both male and female reproductive struc…
A plant that always produces offspring with the same trait as…
The crossing of two plants with different forms of a single t…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Self-pollinating plant
A plant that contains both male and female reproductive struc…
19 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 1 Vocabulary
cell
cell membrane
organelle
nucleus
In biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
A phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface
One of the small bodies in a cell's cytoplasm that are specia…
In a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contain…
cell
In biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell membrane
A phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface
cells, heredity and classification...chapt. 1 sect. 1
cell
cell membrane
organelles
nucleus
the smallest unit that can perform all processes of life
protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as a…
structures that perform specific functions withini the cell
the organelle that the DNA is enclosed inside of in some cells
cell
the smallest unit that can perform all processes of life
cell membrane
protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as a…
24 terms
Cells, heredity and classification chapter 3 vocab
Allele
Dominant trait
Heterozygous
Homozygous
One of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a charact…
The tait observed in the first generation when parents that h…
A plant that has the genotype Pp and 1 dominant and 1 recessive
A plant with two dominant or two recessive alleles
Allele
One of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a charact…
Dominant trait
The tait observed in the first generation when parents that h…
12 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 3 vocabulary
heredity
dominant trait
recessive trait
gene
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
the trait observed in the first generation when parents that…
the trait that reappears in the second gereration after dissa…
a set of instructions for an inherited trait (AA,Aa,aa)
heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
dominant trait
the trait observed in the first generation when parents that…
14 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 2 Vocabulary
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
Movement of particles from regions of higher density to regio…
Diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
Movement of substances across a cell membrane without the use…
Movement of substances across the cell membrane that requires…
diffusion
Movement of particles from regions of higher density to regio…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
18 terms
Sci. Ch.2 (Cells, Classification, and Heredity textbook)
Diffusion
Osmosis
Passive transport
Active transport
The movement of particlesfrom an area where their concentrati…
The diffusion of water across a cell membrane
The diffusion of particles through proteins in the cell membr…
The movement of particles through proteins in the cell membra…
Diffusion
The movement of particlesfrom an area where their concentrati…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water across a cell membrane
13 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapt. 2 notes
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
the diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of substances across the cell membrane that requ…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
osmosis
the diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
25 terms
Holt Science and Technology: Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 3, Heredity
Heredity
Self-pollinating plant
True-breeding plant
Cross-pollination
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A plant that contains both male and female reproductive struc…
A plant that always produces offspring with the same trait as…
The crossing of two plants with different forms of a single t…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Self-pollinating plant
A plant that contains both male and female reproductive struc…
32 terms
Holt Science and Technology: Cells, Heredity, and Classification 3.3
Asexual reproduction
mitosis
sex cells
homologous chromosomes
Only one parent cell is needed. The parent cell copies its in…
Asexual reproduction of a cell. Most cells in your body, and…
Used for sexual reproduction, these cells only have half the…
chromosomes that have the same sequence (order) of genes and…
Asexual reproduction
Only one parent cell is needed. The parent cell copies its in…
mitosis
Asexual reproduction of a cell. Most cells in your body, and…
Holt Science and Technology: Cells, Heredity, and Classification 3.3
Asexual reproduction
mitosis
sex cells
homologous chromosomes
Only one parent cell is needed. The parent cell copies its in…
Asexual reproduction of a cell. Most cells in your body, and…
Used for sexual reproduction, these cells only have half the…
chromosomes that have the same sequence (order) of genes and…
Asexual reproduction
Only one parent cell is needed. The parent cell copies its in…
mitosis
Asexual reproduction of a cell. Most cells in your body, and…
21 terms
Heredity & Classification
DNA
Chromosomes
alleles
gene
the instructions for all of your inherited traits
tightly-wound DNA in the form of x-shaped strands
the two versions of a gene for a trait
the section of a chromosome that holds instructions for a sin…
DNA
the instructions for all of your inherited traits
Chromosomes
tightly-wound DNA in the form of x-shaped strands
12 terms
Cell & Heredity
Cell
Organelles
Cell membrane
Diffusion
basic unit of structure and function of a living thing; the s…
structures that are part of a cell that perform life functions
thin, flexible, outside covering of a cell
one way in which materials move across the cell membrane
Cell
basic unit of structure and function of a living thing; the s…
Organelles
structures that are part of a cell that perform life functions
8 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification - Chapter 1, Cells: The Basic Units of Life
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
organelles
the smallest unit that can perform al the processes necessary…
states that all organisms are made of one or more cells, the…
protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as a…
structures that perform specific functions within the cell
cell
the smallest unit that can perform al the processes necessary…
cell theory
states that all organisms are made of one or more cells, the…
18 terms
Heredity and Classification
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Phenotype
Genotype
Hybrid, and Mix of Capital and lowercase letters, but of the…
Purebred, two of the same, BB, bb, MM, mm
Physical appearance of the genotype
The letters representing the phenotype
Homozygous
Hybrid, and Mix of Capital and lowercase letters, but of the…
Heterozygous
Purebred, two of the same, BB, bb, MM, mm
16 terms
Holt Science & Technology Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 5
Adaptation
Species
Evolution
Fossil
A characteristic that helps an organism survive and reproduce…
A group of organisms that can mate with one another to produc…
The process by which populations accumulate inherited changes…
The solidified remains or imprints of once-living organisms
Adaptation
A characteristic that helps an organism survive and reproduce…
Species
A group of organisms that can mate with one another to produc…
48 terms
Heredity and Classification
Genetics
Heredity
Traits
Mendel
the branch of biology that studies hereditary information
the passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
characteristics that are inherited
Monk from last century that figured out methods of inheritance
Genetics
the branch of biology that studies hereditary information
Heredity
the passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
8 terms
Classification and heredity
Species
Variation
Acquired variations
Inherited variations
A group of organisms that can naturally interbreed with each…
Members of same species have different characteristics
Develop during life and aren't inherited
Controlled by genes
Species
A group of organisms that can naturally interbreed with each…
Variation
Members of same species have different characteristics
20 terms
Holt Science and Technology Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 4
Chromosomes
DNA
Nucleotide
Adenine
Made up of protein and DNA.
Made up of for sub-units, which are known as nucleotides. Spi…
Consists of three different types of material; a sugar, a pho…
"A" A base. In DNA it always equals the amount of Thymine.
Chromosomes
Made up of protein and DNA.
DNA
Made up of for sub-units, which are known as nucleotides. Spi…
14 terms
Holt Science and Technology, Cells, Heredity, and Classification, Chapter 3
Heredity
Self-pollinating plant
True-breeding plant
Cross-pollination
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A plant that contains both male and female reproductive struc…
A plant that always produces offspring with the same trait as…
The crossing of two plants with different forms of a single t…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Self-pollinating plant
A plant that contains both male and female reproductive struc…
20 terms
Holt Science and Technology Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 4
Chromosomes
DNA
Nucleotide
Adenine
Made up of protein and DNA.
Made up of for sub-units, which are known as nucleotides. Spi…
Consists of three different types of material; a sugar, a pho…
"A" A base. In DNA it always equals the amount of Thymine.
Chromosomes
Made up of protein and DNA.
DNA
Made up of for sub-units, which are known as nucleotides. Spi…
8 terms
Cells, Heredity and Classification Chap 5,6,7 Review
archaea
classification
Natural Selection
Precambrian Time
a type of prokaryote that can survive in harsh conditions
Assignment of objects or people to categories on the basis of…
A process in nature in which organisms possessing certain inh…
Pre-Cambrian time covers from 4.6 billion to 544 million year…
archaea
a type of prokaryote that can survive in harsh conditions
classification
Assignment of objects or people to categories on the basis of…
11 terms
Cells, heredity, and classification chapter 1-2 8th grade
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Rigid structure that supports the cell only ( only found in p…
Protective layer, made of proteins, lipids, and phospholipids.
Web of proteins in the cytoplasm.
Control center of the cell, contain genetic information mater…
Cell wall
Rigid structure that supports the cell only ( only found in p…
Cell membrane
Protective layer, made of proteins, lipids, and phospholipids.
16 terms
Holt Science and Technology: Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 5, Evolution
Adaptation
Species
Evolution
Fossil
A characteristic that helps an organism survive and reproduce…
A group of organisms that can mate with one another to produc…
The process by which populations accumulate inherited changes…
The solidified remains or imprints of once-living organisms
Adaptation
A characteristic that helps an organism survive and reproduce…
Species
A group of organisms that can mate with one another to produc…
21 terms
Cells, Heredity, and Classification section 1-3 ch. 1
unicellular
multicellular
cells
cell membrane
living on its own
groups of cells work together to form tissue
smallest unit of life on earth
barrier between the inside of the cell and its enviroment
unicellular
living on its own
multicellular
groups of cells work together to form tissue
22 terms
Holt Science and Technology Cells, Heredity, and Classification Chapter 4
DNA
Nucleotide
Adenine
Thymine
Made up of for sub-units, which are known as nucleotides. Spi…
Consists of three different types of material; a sugar, a pho…
"A" A base. In DNA it always equals the amount of Thymine.
"T" A base. In DNA it always equals the amount of Adenine.
DNA
Made up of for sub-units, which are known as nucleotides. Spi…
Nucleotide
Consists of three different types of material; a sugar, a pho…
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