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Study sets matching "classification of muscles"

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Study sets matching "classification of muscles"

Classification of Muscles
Over 700 pieces
Method of classification
Prime movers (agonists)
Antagonists
Amount
Based on the action
Primarily responsible for a movement
Oppose or reverse the prime movers
Over 700 pieces
Amount
Method of classification
Based on the action
68 terms
Muscle Classification
maximus
minimus
major
minor
largest muscle in the area (gluteus ---)
smallest muscle in the area (gluteus ---)
larger muscle in the area (pectoralis ---)
smaller muscle in the area (pectoralis ---)
maximus
largest muscle in the area (gluteus ---)
minimus
smallest muscle in the area (gluteus ---)
28 terms
Muscle classification
Origin
Insertion
Agonist
Antagonists
Point of attachment with little movement
Point of attachment with most movement
Primary mover
Act opposite to agonist
Origin
Point of attachment with little movement
Insertion
Point of attachment with most movement
8 terms
Muscle classification
Prime movers
Location of muscle
Shape of muscle
Relative size
Provide the major force for producing a specific movement
Bone or body region association with the muscle
The deltoid muscle
Maximus (large), minimus (small), long us (long)
Prime movers
Provide the major force for producing a specific movement
Location of muscle
Bone or body region association with the muscle
19 terms
Muscle Classification
Facial expression
Mastication
Neck
Thorax
Orbicularis oculi, orbicularis oris, buccinator
temporalis and masseter
Sternocleidomastoid
External intercostals, internal intercostals, respiratory dia…
Facial expression
Orbicularis oculi, orbicularis oris, buccinator
Mastication
temporalis and masseter
20 terms
Muscle Classification
Supraspinatus
Tibialis Anterior
Flexor hallucis longus
Biceps Brachii
triangular
Fusiform
bipennatet
Fusiform
Supraspinatus
triangular
Tibialis Anterior
Fusiform
18 terms
Classifications of Muscles
A. Striated muscle/skeletal muscle (vo…
A. Striated muscle... 2. myofibrils
A. Striated muscle... 3. sarcoplasm
A. Striated muscle... 4. sarcolemma
-many different sizes depending on the muscle... -basic unit of…
-make up muscle fibers... -in rows... -each myofibril is surrounded…
-the jelly stuff in the myofibrils... -clear
The membrane that surrounds myofibril that allows contraction
A. Striated muscle/skeletal muscle (vo…
-many different sizes depending on the muscle... -basic unit of…
A. Striated muscle... 2. myofibrils
-make up muscle fibers... -in rows... -each myofibril is surrounded…
12 terms
Muscle classification
Mastication
Cheek
Near mouth
Cheek
Masseter temporalis
Buccinator
Orbicularis depressor labii inferioris mentalis risorius zygo…
Buccinator
Mastication
Masseter temporalis
Cheek
Buccinator
Muscle Classification
Gluteus Medius
Epicranius
Semimen Branosus
Latissimus Dorsi
Origin: Outer Surface of the Illium... Insertion: Lateral Femur…
Origin: Occipital Bone... Insertion: Eye Brows ... Action: Gives Ex…
Origin: Ischiam... Insertion: Tibia Posterior... Action: Flexes the…
Origin: Vertebrae... Insertion: Humorous... Action: Moves your arm
Gluteus Medius
Origin: Outer Surface of the Illium... Insertion: Lateral Femur…
Epicranius
Origin: Occipital Bone... Insertion: Eye Brows ... Action: Gives Ex…
15 terms
Muscle Classification
Arm muscles
Heart muscles
Lung muscles
Foot muslces
V, sk
I, c
B, sm
V, sk
Arm muscles
V, sk
Heart muscles
I, c
Muscle Classification
Craniofacial Msucles (Muscles of Facia…
Epicranial Muscles
Circumorbital and Palpebral Muscles
Nasal Muscles
Epicranial Muscles... Circumorbital and Palpebral Muscles... Nasal…
1. Epicranius: Occipitalis, Frontalis, Temporoparietalis... 2. A…
Corrugulator supercilii... Procerus... Orbicularis Oculi
Nasalis: compressor naris, dilator naris, depressor septi
Craniofacial Msucles (Muscles of Facia…
Epicranial Muscles... Circumorbital and Palpebral Muscles... Nasal…
Epicranial Muscles
1. Epicranius: Occipitalis, Frontalis, Temporoparietalis... 2. A…
68 terms
Muscle Classification
agonist
antagonist
synergist
fixators
provide the major force for producing a specific movement
oppose or reverse a particular movement... opposite function to…
add force to movement... reduce undesirable movement... stabilize j…
synergists that immobilize a bone or muscle's origin
agonist
provide the major force for producing a specific movement
antagonist
oppose or reverse a particular movement... opposite function to…
41 terms
Muscle Classifications
Gluteus Medius
Epicranius
Semimen Branosus
Latissimus Dorsi
Origin: Outer Surface of the Illium... Insertion: Lateral Femur…
Origin: Occipital Bone... Insertion: Eye Brows ... Action: Gives Ex…
Origin: Ischiam... Insertion: Tibia Posterior... Action: Flexes the…
Origin: Vertebrae... Insertion: Humorous... Action: Moves your arm
Gluteus Medius
Origin: Outer Surface of the Illium... Insertion: Lateral Femur…
Epicranius
Origin: Occipital Bone... Insertion: Eye Brows ... Action: Gives Ex…
16 terms
Classification of skeletal muscles
Agonist ( prime movers
Antagonist
Synergists
Fixators
Muscles responsible for producing movement
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
Help agonist by assisting with the same movement or by reduci…
Specialized synergists immobilize the origin of a prime mover…
Agonist ( prime movers
Muscles responsible for producing movement
Antagonist
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
36 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
Parallel
Fusiform
Circular
Unipennate
Parallel
Fusiform
16 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
Prime Movers
Antagonist
Biceps
Synergist
Muscles that are primarily responsible for producing a partic…
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
prime mover of elbow flexion is antagonist
aid the action of agonist either by assisting with the same m…
Prime Movers
Muscles that are primarily responsible for producing a partic…
Antagonist
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
5 terms
CLASSIFICATION OF SKELETAL MUSCLES
PRIME MOVERS OR AGONISTS
ANTAGONISTS
SYNERGIST
FIXATORS OR FIXATION MUSCLES
MUSCLES THAT ARE MOST RESPONSIBLE FOR PRODUCING A PARTICULAR…
MUSCLES THAT OPPOSE OR REVERSE A MOVEMENT
AID THE ACTION OF AGONISTS EITHER BY ASSISTING WITH THE SAME…
SPECIALIZED SYNERGISTS; ... THEY IMMOBILIZE AT THE ORIGIN OF A…
PRIME MOVERS OR AGONISTS
MUSCLES THAT ARE MOST RESPONSIBLE FOR PRODUCING A PARTICULAR…
ANTAGONISTS
MUSCLES THAT OPPOSE OR REVERSE A MOVEMENT
8 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
gluteus maximus
adductor magnus
biceps femoris
transversus abdominis
1.location of the muscle relative to a bone or body region... 2.…
1.action of the muscle... 2.relative size of the muscle
1.number or origins... 2.location of the muscle relative to a bo…
1.location of the muscle relative to a bone or body region... 2.…
gluteus maximus
1.location of the muscle relative to a bone or body region... 2.…
adductor magnus
1.action of the muscle... 2.relative size of the muscle
11 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
Prime movers or agonists
Antagonists
Synergists
Fixators
Muscles that are most responsible for producing a particular…
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement.
Aid the action of agonists either by assisting with the same…
Are specialized synergists. They immobilize the origin of a p…
Prime movers or agonists
Muscles that are most responsible for producing a particular…
Antagonists
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement.
15 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
muscles that are primarily responsible…
muscles that oppose of reverse a movem…
aid the action of agonists by assistin…
fixation muscles that immobilize the o…
prime movers
antagonists
synergists
fixators
muscles that are primarily responsible…
prime movers
muscles that oppose of reverse a movem…
antagonists
10 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
Fusiform muscle
Longitudinal muscle
Quadrate muscle
Fan-shaped (triangular) muscle
have parallel arrangement and are spindle-shaped, tapering at…
strap-like with parallel fibers
four-sided and usually flat and consist of parallel fibers
contain fibers that radiate from a narrow attachment at one e…
Fusiform muscle
have parallel arrangement and are spindle-shaped, tapering at…
Longitudinal muscle
strap-like with parallel fibers
12 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
Prime Movers
Antagonists
Synergist
Fixator
Muscles that are most responsible for producing a particular…
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement, prevents overshoot…
Aid the action of the prime movers either by assisting with t…
Fixation muscles, specialized synergists that immobilize the…
Prime Movers
Muscles that are most responsible for producing a particular…
Antagonists
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement, prevents overshoot…
20 terms
Classification of SKELETAL MUSCLES
PRIME MOVERS/AGONISTS
ANTAGONISTS
WHAT HAPPENS TO AGONISTS AND ANTAGONISTS
SYNERGISTS
MUSCLES THAT ARE MOST RESPONSIBLE FOR PRODUCING A PARTICULAR…
MUSCLES THAT OPPOSE OR REVERSE A MOVEMENT
WHEN AGONISTS ARE ACTIVE, ANTAGONISTS ARE STRETCHED AND IN RE…
AID THE ACTION OF AGONISTS EITHER BY ASSISTING WITH THE SAME…
PRIME MOVERS/AGONISTS
MUSCLES THAT ARE MOST RESPONSIBLE FOR PRODUCING A PARTICULAR…
ANTAGONISTS
MUSCLES THAT OPPOSE OR REVERSE A MOVEMENT
11 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
direction
size
location
origins
rectus, transverse, oblique
maximus, minimus, longus, brevis
temporalis muscle overlies temporal bone
biceps, triceps, quadriceps
direction
rectus, transverse, oblique
size
maximus, minimus, longus, brevis
7 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
Action of the muscle
Shape of the muscle
Location of the origin and/or insertio…
Number of origins
Flexor digitorum superficialis
Deltoid
Pectoralis major/ Biceps brachii
Biceps brachii
Action of the muscle
Flexor digitorum superficialis
Shape of the muscle
Deltoid
8 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
gluteus maximus
adductor magnus
biceps femoris
transversus abdominis
1.location of the muscle relative to a bone or body region... 2.…
1.action of the muscle... 2.relative size of the muscle
1.number or origins... 2.location of the muscle relative to a bo…
1.location of the muscle relative to a bone or body region... 2.…
gluteus maximus
1.location of the muscle relative to a bone or body region... 2.…
adductor magnus
1.action of the muscle... 2.relative size of the muscle
12 terms
Classification of key muscles
C4
C5
C6
C7
Diaphragm(for breathing)
Deltoid and/or biceps
Wrist extensors
Triceps
C4
Diaphragm(for breathing)
C5
Deltoid and/or biceps
8 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
gluteus maximus
adductor magnus
biceps femoris
transversus abdominis
1.location of the muscle relative to a bone or body region... 2.…
1.action of the muscle... 2.relative size of the muscle
1.number or origins... 2.location of the muscle relative to a bo…
1.location of the muscle relative to a bone or body region... 2.…
gluteus maximus
1.location of the muscle relative to a bone or body region... 2.…
adductor magnus
1.action of the muscle... 2.relative size of the muscle
18 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
Prime mover/agonists
antagonist
synergists
fixators
muscle that are most responsible for producing a particular m…
muscles that oppose or reverse a movement... when prime mover is…
aid the action of agonists by assisting with the same movemen…
specialized synergists, immobilize the origin of a prime move…
Prime mover/agonists
muscle that are most responsible for producing a particular m…
antagonist
muscles that oppose or reverse a movement... when prime mover is…
16 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
Prime Movers/Agonists
Antagonist
Biceps
Synergist
Muscles that are primarily responsible for producing a partic…
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
prime mover of elbow flexion is antagonist
aid the action of agonist either by assisting with the same m…
Prime Movers/Agonists
Muscles that are primarily responsible for producing a partic…
Antagonist
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
8 terms
classification of muscles according to fascicle orientation
fusiform
parallel
convergent
pennate
biceps
sartorius
pectoralis major
feather like appearance... Unipennate... Bipennate... multipennate
fusiform
biceps
parallel
sartorius
Naming/Classification of Skeletal Muscles
Direction of muscle fibers
Relative size of the muscle
Location of the muscle
Number of origins
Some muscles are named relative to some imaginary line, usual…
When size is the criteria, terms such as maximus (largest), m…
Some muscles are name for the bone with which they are associ…
When the term biceps, triceps, or quadriceps forms part of a…
Direction of muscle fibers
Some muscles are named relative to some imaginary line, usual…
Relative size of the muscle
When size is the criteria, terms such as maximus (largest), m…
16 terms
Classification of Skeletal Muscles
Prime Movers
Antagonist
Biceps
Synergist
Muscles that are primarily responsible for producing a partic…
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
prime mover of elbow flexion is antagonist
aid the action of agonist either by assisting with the same m…
Prime Movers
Muscles that are primarily responsible for producing a partic…
Antagonist
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
18 terms
Classification of skeletal muscles
Prime movers (agonists)
Antagonists
When the prime mover is active, the fi…
Synergists
Muscles that are most responsible for producing a particular…
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
Stretched / relaxed
Aid the action of agonists either by assisting with the same…
Prime movers (agonists)
Muscles that are most responsible for producing a particular…
Antagonists
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
12 terms
Classifications of Skeletal Muscles
Prime Movers
Antagonists
Synergists
Fixators
Muscles that are most responsible for producing a particular…
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
Aid the action of agonists either by assisting with the same…
Specialized synergists, they immobilize the origin of a prime…
Prime Movers
Muscles that are most responsible for producing a particular…
Antagonists
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
Classification of skeletal muscles
Agonist
Synergists
Antagonist
Fixator
Muslces that are most responsible for producing a particular…
Aid the action of agonists either by assisting with the same…
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
Immobilize the origin of the prime mover so that all the tens…
Agonist
Muslces that are most responsible for producing a particular…
Synergists
Aid the action of agonists either by assisting with the same…
15 terms
Classification of Muscles and Rotator Cuff
Prime mover or Agonist (PM)
Antagonist (ATG)
Synergist (syn)
Fixators
Muscles that provide major force for producing a movement. (b…
Muscles that oppose or reverse a particular movement in quest…
Aid or work together with agonist by a)promoting the same mov…
Are synergists that immobilize a bone. All of the rotator cuf…
Prime mover or Agonist (PM)
Muscles that provide major force for producing a movement. (b…
Antagonist (ATG)
Muscles that oppose or reverse a particular movement in quest…
6 terms
Classification and Naming of Skeletal Muscles
Origin
Insertion
Belly
Primer Mover or Agonist
attachment end that is immovable, every muscle has at least one
attachment end that is movable; when a muscle contracts or sh…
Thicker, middle region of a muscle; located between the origi…
muscle primarily responsible for producing an action. Example…
Origin
attachment end that is immovable, every muscle has at least one
Insertion
attachment end that is movable; when a muscle contracts or sh…
21 terms
Classification and Types of Muscle
What are the 3 different types of musc…
Smooth muscle is also called?
What does involuntary (visceral) mean?
Where are smooth muscles found in the…
skeletal(voluntary), smooth (involuntary), cardiac(involuntary)
Involuntary (visceral)
They move without thinking about them.
skin, blood vessels, internal organs(inside body)
What are the 3 different types of musc…
skeletal(voluntary), smooth (involuntary), cardiac(involuntary)
Smooth muscle is also called?
Involuntary (visceral)
2 terms
Classification of skeletal muscle
18 terms
CLASSIFICATION OF SKELETAL MUSCLE
muscle can be classified according to…
the manner in which these fascicles ar…
Muscles are grouped into five categori…
Fusiform muscles are formed by a
arrangement of its fascicles.
strength as well as its direction of pull.
fusiform, parallel, pennate, orbicular, and convergent muscles.
central muscle belly that converges at one (or both) ends int…
muscle can be classified according to…
arrangement of its fascicles.
the manner in which these fascicles ar…
strength as well as its direction of pull.
29 terms
Bones & Muscles Classifications
Axial bones
Appendicular bones
Visceral bones
Long bones
all bones down midline (skull, vertebrae, ribs, sternum)
bones of the limb including limb girdles (femur, humerus, pel…
bones embedded in soft tissue (os penis, os chordis, os rostri)
longer than they are wide (femur, humerus)
Axial bones
all bones down midline (skull, vertebrae, ribs, sternum)
Appendicular bones
bones of the limb including limb girdles (femur, humerus, pel…
29 terms
Bone and Muscle Classifications and Divisions
Axial
Appendicular
visceral/splanchnic
long bone
bones and cartilages protecting the soft structures of the he…
bones of the limbs/limb girdles
bones embedded in soft tissue. Os penis, Os chordis, Os rostri
classification; longer than they are wide
Axial
bones and cartilages protecting the soft structures of the he…
Appendicular
bones of the limbs/limb girdles
Muscle & Skeletal (Classification of Joints)
fibrous joint
cartilaginous joint
synovial joint
bunion
the surfaces of the bones fit closely together and are held t…
bones are connected by cartilage, as in the symphysis. joint…
the bones have a space between them called the joint cavity.…
abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
fibrous joint
the surfaces of the bones fit closely together and are held t…
cartilaginous joint
bones are connected by cartilage, as in the symphysis. joint…
8 terms
Skeletal Muscle Classification
parallel muscle
unipennate muscle
bipennate muscle
multipennate muscle
fasicles parallel to long axis of muscle
all fasicles converge to one sides of a tendon
all fasicles converge to both sides of a tendon
tendon branches converge to a single tendon
parallel muscle
fasicles parallel to long axis of muscle
unipennate muscle
all fasicles converge to one sides of a tendon
10 terms
CLASSIFICATION OF SKELETAL MUSCLE CONTRACTIONS
There are two ways a muscle can contra…
isotonic contraction
Concentric isotonic contraction involves
Movement is produced during this type…
isotonic and isometric contraction.
the development of a constant tension, during a change in the…
shortening of the muscle while maintaining a constant tension
muscle length changes, and the force generated by contraction…
There are two ways a muscle can contra…
isotonic and isometric contraction.
isotonic contraction
the development of a constant tension, during a change in the…
17 terms
Classification of Muscle Group Actions
good posture
characteristics of good posture
poor posture
tonicity
body alignment that favors function with least work; standing…
head and chest held high ... chin, abdomen, buttocks pulled in…
puts abnormal strain on ligaments and bones
muscle tone; muscles exert a pull against gravity;... continuous…
good posture
body alignment that favors function with least work; standing…
characteristics of good posture
head and chest held high ... chin, abdomen, buttocks pulled in…
10 terms
classification of muscle injury
muscle strain:
muscle strain caused by:
what may play a significant role in mu…
muscle contusion:
tension exceeds the weakest structural element in the muscle…
sudden over stretch or contraction and limb deceleration
failure of gto and insufficient warm up
blow to muscle leads to fiber tearing and hematoma
muscle strain:
tension exceeds the weakest structural element in the muscle…
muscle strain caused by:
sudden over stretch or contraction and limb deceleration
26 terms
Classification and Function of Muscle Fibers
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Red
White
Type I
Type II
Type I
Type II
Aerobic
Type I
Anaerobic
Type II
9 terms
classifications and naming of skeletal muscles
origin
insertion
belly
innervation
site of attachment of a muscles tendon to the stationary bone
site of attachment of a muscles tendon to a movable bone
thicker middle region of a muscle between the origin and inse…
refers to the identity of the nerve that stimulates it to con…
origin
site of attachment of a muscles tendon to the stationary bone
insertion
site of attachment of a muscles tendon to a movable bone
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